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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  June 27, 2017 9:00pm-9:31pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. a huge cyber attack which started in ukraine — and it's spreading. computer systems in britain, india, norway, the netherlands and russia also being affected — more in a moment. google‘s been hit by a record fine in europe. this is why. google has abused its market dominance by promoting its own shopping comparison service in its search results and demoting its competitors. important development the republicans‘ attempt to overrule obamacare. republicans‘ attempt to overrule obamaca re. they have republicans‘ attempt to overrule obamacare. they have delayed a vote. we will tell you why. syrian president assad tours a russian war plane. he‘ll need his allies. the white house in cranking up the rhetoric. we‘ll be live in washington. plus we‘ll hear how global food supplies are reliant on a small number of canals and ports, and how that risks major disruption if they‘re ever blocked off. and how that risks major disruption
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there‘s been another global cyberattack. the first indication came from ukraine. the state power company and kiev‘s main airport reported issues. the chernobyl nuclear power plant‘s radiation level sensors were also knocked out — it‘s monitoring radiation manually at the moment. then, we heard that russian companies such as the oil giant rosneft had been affected. companies in the netherlands, france, denmark and the uk all said their servers had been attacked. now, when computers are hit, users see this page. it tells them that their files have been encrypted and that they will have to pay to get them back. if this sounds familiar, it is. the wannacry attack happened only
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a couple of months ago — it used ransomware — and caused huge disruption. sheera frankel, of new york times: "whatever this new ransomware is called they say it will more damaging than #wannacry." i spoke to our tech reporter jane wakefield about how big this seems to be. jane wakefield says how fast and how quickly this is expanding. initially we were getting reports from the ukraine, things like the airport, the metro system. then we had a russian oil company and gradually through the course of the afternoon added to the list was spanish companies, danish companies, companies from the netherlands. it seems contained to europe but as i left my desk there was an unconfirmed story that a us hospital had been affected. it looks like a global problem. it suggests some of the loopholes opened the last time there was this
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major ransomware attack had not been shut. yes, security experts are now analysing the code and it seems they are using the same windows exploit that was used with wannacry, the ransomware attack a few months ago. early on people were putting it down to a piece of ransomware that‘s readily available to hackers on forums called petya. there is now some debate about whether it is petya. there is also some debate as to whether it‘s ransomware and whether it‘s a cover for something else. some people suggesting it‘s stealing admin, passwords and has a completely different purpose and is disguising itself as ransomware. the plot thickens. should you and i be worried, should people watching be worried, or is it just for organisations to be concerned with? it seems to be organisations, but that doesn‘t mean we shouldn‘t worry. if you are trying to get an aeroplane in kiev, you would face delays. the ticketing system at the ukraine metro wasn‘t working. and there were pictures from ukraine supermarkets with screens saying all the files have been encrypted.
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it does have personal knock back on people and consumers. as it‘s rolling out across the world, are there things organisations can do to stop it affecting them? what they should have and given they had this wannacry attack recently that was a wake—up call, if ever there was one, is great backup so they can immediately instigate systems. if they are constantly backing data up then they should be able to get back to where they were before the malware found its way into their systems very quickly. apparently it looks like lots of companies still are not doing that. some of the bigger utility companies being hit and industrial systems, for them back—up is difficult because they don‘t want downtime. it takes them a while to get back up, and maybe this is what that is exploiting. a shopping search on google here. google has been fined over 2.4 billion euros by the european commission. it‘s been found to have abused its power by promoting its own shopping comparison service.
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here‘s the eu‘s competition commissioner. google‘s strategy for comparison shopping service wasn‘tjust about attracting customers. it wasn‘t just about making its products better than those of its rivals. google has abused its market dominance, in its search engine, by promoting its own shopping comparison service in its search results and demoting its competitors. what google has done is illegal under eu anti—trust rules. google was never going to take this lying down. the eu has form with tech companies. in 2008 it fined microsoft
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900 million euros. in 2009 it fined intel more than a billion euros. in 2016 apple was told to pay back 13 billion euros in unpaid taxes. this year facebook was fined 110 million euro. i‘m joined by michelle fleury, in new york. clearly i‘ m clearly i‘m not a technical expert, but i would have thought it was quite easy to establish if google was favouring its own services or not. you mentioned the eu has form on this in terms of going after big american technology companies for a variety of issues from tax to competition. the theme that seems to be emerging in some of these cases is that anti—trust regulators are concerned these american companies,
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that have a very global footprint, are using their dominance to squeeze out to competition from smaller rivals, and that‘s why they are trying to take this action. looking back to 2015, they published a report that was aimed at trying to help improve the chances for european technology companies against the usjuggernauts. the commissioner in all of this is an interesting figure. she has been in the us and i met her in new york a couple of years ago at the height of the tax row with apple. she‘s not wa nt to the tax row with apple. she‘s not want to back down from a fight. people are beginning to get curious to see how donald trump, with his focus on america first, will respond. explain how the eu would like this to work. say i am in the market for a large new touch—screen. i search for that on google. what would the eu like me to get that i currently don‘t get? would the eu like me to get that i currently don't get? it's all about the algorithms that are used to try and present you with the result. for
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example, you might see ten results, but ultimately there are maybe 20 or 30 options. it‘s how did you just see that top selection? how did you get to be seeing those first things. how they solve the problem, they are leaving that to google. they say they see this as the problem, and 110w they see this as the problem, and now it‘s up to you to come up with the solution. in return, google says they have done lots of studies and they have done lots of studies and they think it‘s the best way. they are not trying to favour one individual seller over a nutter, but the eu clearly disagrees. a copy from the reuters news agency telling as the us senate republican leader mitch mcconnell has decided to put off a planned vote on the health care bill to repeal 0bamacare until after the sennett‘s july four recess. if you‘re watching yesterday you would know that wasn‘t the plan.
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anthonyjoins us from washington. what‘s changed ? anthonyjoins us from washington. what's changed? what's changed is that this was pretty clear that mitch mcconnell, the senate republican leader, doesn‘t have the votes to pass the bill. he doesn‘t even have the votes to bring the bill to the floor of the senate. he needed 50 republican votes to do so, and already at least five republicans are on the record as being against this version of the bill. since they pulled it from the floor, three other republicans have piled on to say they are not in favour either. the reality is, people on the right of the republican caucus in the senate thinks the bill doesn‘t go far enoughin thinks the bill doesn‘t go far enough in repealing 0bamacare and moderates in the middle think it goes too far in cutting medicaid health insurance for the poor and too far in restricting peoples access to low—cost health insurance. it's access to low—cost health insurance. it‘s a bind for mitch mcconnell and he hasn‘t found in a way to bring together 50 votes to get it past.
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he hasn‘t found in a way to bring together 50 votes to get it pastlj guess it teaches us about the broadchurch of the republican party. exactly. they have been campaigning about repealing 0bamaca re exactly. they have been campaigning about repealing 0bamacare for seven yea rs. about repealing 0bamacare for seven years. but they have come at different angles for what they want to replace it with. it was an easy campaign slogan, but there are things about the law that americans like. they like the fact it gave them lower cost health insurance. they like the fact it capped health—insurance spending over a lifetime and that it allowed you to get coverage for pre—existing conditions. the republicans have tried to keep that in their version of the bill, but it‘s difficult to do that while taking away the tax increase in some of the mandates within the law. help me out with the practicalities. i assume there isn‘t an infinite amount of time for the senate to consider various bills and they will have to choose which ones to prioritise. exactly. two years for each congressional session, but when you get to next year, people
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start worrying about elections and it starts getting harder to pass legislation. the winner for major legislation. the winner for major legislation is in the first year of a congressional session, before the summary a congressional session, before the summary says. we have a week off, three weeks injuly when they can possibly pass something, and then a month off in august. after that they have to start worrying about the budget and appropriations and the basic machinery of keeping the government running. they can‘t take time over health care at that point. if there are any changes, come back to us. in a few minutes we will hear from scotland‘s first minister nicola sturgeon, who says her government is delaying plans for a second independence referendum, and that‘s tied up with the recent general election result. judges at the european court of
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human rights have rejected a plea from the parents of terminally ill baby charlie gard who want to take their son to america for treatment. the european court of human rights in strasbourg has ruled inadmissible the application by the parents of charlie gard to hear a final appeal that they should be allowed to take their baby son to the united states for a very experimental treatment. they said, in a briefjudgment, they said that the uk courts, three courts, which all found that great 0rmond street should be allowed to allow charlie to die, had been meticulous and thorough. they called medical experts, independent professionals, and a guardian appointed to represent charlie. and they all agreed that charlie‘s ventilator should be switched off. and they said that it was most likely that charlie would be exposed to continued pain, suffering and distress, and this experimental treatment would have no prospect of success and would offer no benefit. ukraine is saying...
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this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. 0ur lead story is... ukraine says it‘s been hit by a huge cyber attack. companies across europe and india are also affected. a dutch appeals court has upheld a ruling that the netherlands is in part legally liable for the deaths of 350 bosnian muslim men in the srebrenica massacre in 1995. the judge ruled that the state was not 100% liable as many would have been died regardless of dutch actions. farc rebels in colombia have completed their disarmament. it means they‘ve been good to their commitment to do so in a peace deal with the government last year. before i show you one of the most watched videos on the bbc news website, i have to warn you might find it distressing. cctv footage of a man in england being hit by a bus and then incredibly getting up and
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walking away without serious injury. becker sturgeon has backtracked on demands for a second independence referendum. she has backed away from it happening in 2018. the reason for thatis it happening in 2018. the reason for that is the general election result. nicola sturgeon may not look like a woman thwarted, but she cannot now march ahead with her plans for an independence referendum — admitting today that voters have rejected that idea and she has had to think again. having listened and reflected, the scottish government will reset the plan i set out on march the 13th. we will not seek to introduce the legislation for an independence referendum immediately. instead, we will, in good faith, redouble our efforts and put our shoulder to the wheel in seeking to influence the brexit
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talks in a way that protects scotland‘s interests. we will seek to build... she wants to keep open the option of a referendum after the brexit deal is cleared. the tories want her to abandon her plans completely. i'm afraid to say that that statement will fail to give any assurance to those people that this first minister is listening to them. instead, she appears to be in denial about her mistakes over this last year and, as a result, is leaking credibility and confidence in her leadership by the hour. nicola sturgeon‘s message today is that she is listening to voters, and she understands they don‘t want another independence referendum any time soon. but she has not taken it completely off the table, and she says that she will continue to argue the case for why scotland should be an independent country. yes! in 2014, 45% of scots voted yes to independence. support remains much the same today. and the snp know that they‘ll have to make a fresh case if they are ever to win
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an independence referendum. and they will have to pick their timing of another vote carefully. well, it is common sense, i think another referendum would be a disaster for scotland. i am an snp supporter, but i think that it would make no sense, given the current political climate, i think it makes no sense for the snp to move forward with a vote on itjust now. i think we should have a vote on it — put it out to the public and let them have a vote on it. the scottish greens backed the snp call for an early referendum and do not want to see the timetable slip. if we wait until autumn next year or even later, then we will be well out of the european union before the people of scotland have the chance to say whether they consent to that. scotland has not consented to leave the european union or to have our rights and protections as european citizens torn up without our consent. holyrood today heard
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nicola sturgeon says she was responding to voters who don‘t want an independence vote, but also that she has not given up the fight. her opponents say she is not listening. her party hope there is no more than a rain check, just a temporary delay. we can go back to michelle in new york. they were predicting 2.3% growth for the americans this year and 2.5% next year. this is the revision from today. down to 2.1% this year and more surprising, down to 2.1% in 2018 as well. that‘s not what donald trump has promised to deliver. michelle is in new york. it's deliver. michelle is in new york. it‘s been at least five minutes!
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what are the reasons for the imf‘s reasoning? it's very striking. this is an organisation that usually speaks in fairly diplomatic language but it‘s no mistake they are criticising the american president. at the heart of what they are saying is they no longer believe the trump administration can deliver on the promised fiscal spending, infrastructure spending, and also cut taxes. problems we have seen that you just talked about regarding health care and other legislative challenges. all of this has given the imf pause to say, hang on a second. we thought the boost the administration would give the economy will no longer materialise. how mutual is the imf? i remember discussing their involvement in the greek debt crisis, and some in the greek debt crisis, and some in the greek government said they were not neutral at all. the economists come up... this is part of an annual report on the us economy that the
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fund comes up with. it looks at the economic figures and has to make an assessment and has to issue these warnings. the challenge for the fund is if you don‘t like the message they have, it‘s easy for people to come out and say, hang on a second, how impartial are they? obviously they will make certain assumptions and it will always be a challenge determining how impartial they are. this type of criticism or allegation, it‘s certainly something we have heard in the past. when the message is something you don‘t necessarily like, it‘s often easier to challenge it. michelle, thank you. we will see how donald trump responds. consumer borrowing in the uk has reached its highest level since 2005. governor of the bank of england mark carney is worried and has told banks they are in danger of forgetting the lessons of the past. a clear reference to the role bad loa ns a clear reference to the role bad loans played in the 2008 global financial crisis. here‘s our economics
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editor kamal ahmed. dylan brown works in it — not badly paid, but often resorts to credit cards for the big bills. for him, read millions of others. consumers working hard to make ends meet who are borrowing to fill the gaps and pay for those little extras. 0k, there‘s your bill, sir. thank you. just because obviously older, you know, renting a property, i have a car, i have a career and everything else, so in terms of... turning to credit more so than a few years ago, yes, but abusing credit or misusing it? i wouldn't say that that would be the case. it‘s not a crisis yet, but today a warning from the bank of england. consumer credit growth has far outpaced that of household income over the past year, with notable increases across credit cards, personal loans and auto finance. so how bad is britain‘s debt problem? the amount consumers have borrowed in loans on things like credit cards has risen to £198 billion. that is up 10% compared with the same time last year. banks will now have to raise another
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£11.11 billion as a safety net, in case people they have lent to don‘t pay the money back. i think mark carney wants to be proactive. he did talk of increasing additional capital a year ago, but he held off because of the brexit issue. and i think he wants to make sure the banks also are reminded they have to be more cautious in their consumer lending, given the speed at which their loan books have grown over the last few years. what are we borrowing for? to buy new cars with personal finance deals, loans for holidays and home improvements, and we‘re spending on our credit cards in the shops and online. i think this is an amber warning, for consumers and for banks. not the flashing red lights of the financial crisis — when interest rates were higher and banks, frankly, couldn‘t withstand any type of financial shock — but a warning nevertheless. what if interest rates were to rise? what if prices keep going up?
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could millions of people with billions of pounds‘ worth of loans keep making those repayments? there are uncertainties ahead. whether it‘s that continuing income squeeze or those tricky brexit negotiations which could damage the economy. the governor struck a fairly relaxed note for the moment, but banks and consumers beware — the economy can turn. kamal ahmed, bbc news. story now on how so—called "chokepoints" in international trade risk major food shortages. here‘s the report. by uk based think tank chatham house. one example it gives is the panama canal. it‘s 300 metres wide — and transports 75% of japan‘s imported maize and wheat imports. another is the turkish straits. one third of the middle east and north africa‘s grain imports pass through here. and there‘s no alternative. then there is the straits of malacca in malaysia.
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more than 25% of the world‘s soybean exports are shipped through here. laura wellesley, one of the report‘s authors. she told me earlier what might cause the choke points. these choke points and infrastructural bottlenecks, they are exposed to a number of hazards. security threats, climate change is probably the major threat, but also the potential for political interruptions. ad hoc export bans for example, stopping the flow of critical grain trade out of the checkpoints. how does climate change impact on this? climate change at the very basic level, all—weather at impacts on infrastructure. we can see it and our own streets. heavy rainfall, storms and floods, periods of drought, they can really affect the integrity of roads and railways
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and waterways. that is true across the world. climate change exacerbates those impacts, meaning we see more extreme weather and we see more extreme weather more frequently. the first thing that climate change will do in terms of worsening the problem is to worsen the impacts directly on those checkpoints. the other thing to bear in mind is that climate change will also increase global dependence on food trade to meet basic food demand. those countries that are already feeling insecure will depend increasingly on trade out of those choke points around the world to them. given climate change is a long—term problem requiring long—term problem requiring long—term solutions, is your more short—term response that we should be diversifying how we move food around the world ? be diversifying how we move food around the world? that's one of the responses. i wouldn‘t say it‘s short—term stop infrastructure problems are a long—term investment. that‘s why we are emphasising the need to act now to diversify trade
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routes and production so we don‘t rely so heavily on the same crops. also to rely on infrastructure that is fit for the future, resilience to future climate impacts and it can cope with growing volumes of trade. who can take these decisions? they affect multiple countries and long—term, at last in one reader or government. who has the influence to ta ke government. who has the influence to take these decisions? that's a really important point. 0ne take these decisions? that's a really important point. one of the key recommendations and key calls to action is for the g 22 established a task force on climate resilient infrastructure, to try to foster collaborative approach among advanced economies to invest in infrastructure that is a global strategic importance and to pave the way in setting standards for infrastructure that will support our future going forward. infrastructure that will support our future going forwardlj infrastructure that will support our future going forward. i will be back with you in a couple of minutes time. we will be taking a brief look at
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the uk weather prospects in a couple of minutes, but first of all we will go further afield across the world to see what‘s going on. the story of vote across the western side of the united states is searing heat and wildfires. thankfully, ithink united states is searing heat and wildfires. thankfully, i think we will see some amelioration of those conditions over the next few days. by conditions over the next few days. by that stage i think attention might drift to the north—east where warm airfrom the might drift to the north—east where warm air from the south and cooler airfrom the north makes for an explosive mix and even as far ahead of thursday i think we will have violent thunderstorms with violent gusts and hail. that combination of conditions is to be had as the monsoon trough continues its progress a cross monsoon trough continues its progress across south asia. you get a sense from that satellite picture that the crowd is patchy and the associated rainfall when you break the monsoon bound to various regions is patchy in the amount of rain it can deliver. some areas are ahead of the game, some below par at the moment. we‘re not done with this feature just yet. in the next few
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days there are warnings of intense rain all the way through pakistan, north and west india and towards bangladesh. we will continue with the wet theme as we head towards this front, a semipermanent feature at this time of year affecting china and the korean peninsular and southern parts of japan. and the korean peninsular and southern parts ofjapan. it‘s in the central and southern parts of china that we have real concerns over the next few days with sunspots seeing 750 millimetres of rain, particularly on wednesday when the weather feature doesn‘t move very fast. rather like the indian monsoon, the rainfall is patchy. not everybody will see that extraordinary amount of rain i have described. that‘s the situation across much of asia. that‘s come closer to home, to europe. even on a big scale you can see the area of low pressure is the dominant feature. 0n the big scale you can see the specs and intense thunderstorms we expect to see breaking out. some warm air, cooler
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airand breaking out. some warm air, cooler air and moisture coming together. we have already seen thunderstorms breaking out widely across the pyrenees and on wednesday it might be quite a region, anywhere from northern italy, through the alpine region, seen violent thunderstorms. we have already seen episodes in this region as far back as the weekend and it could be again that in this very hilly area, up to 300 millimetres of rain can fall in a short space of time, so flash floods area short space of time, so flash floods are a real concern and there are other hazards. let‘s take a look at the bigger picture. europe is dominated in central and western parts by low pressure. for the uk on wednesday, we will have the details inafew wednesday, we will have the details in a few minutes. i‘m ros atkins, welcome back to 0utside source. a huge cyber attack is happening in various sites in the
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world. it started in ukraine but has moved beyond its borders. the us says it believes the syrian president may be planning and other chemical attack and has issued a strong warning. fifa has released a confidential report into alleged corruption into the process to choose the host of the 2018 and 2022 world cups. donald trump‘s reputation overseas may not be what he had hoped for.
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