welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: tough new security for flights into the united states, but no ban on laptop computers. hong kong police arrest democracy activists, hours before president xi arrives to celebrate 20 years of chinese rule. the policeman who took on the london bridge attackers tells us about the moment he faced them alone. ijust had one voice in my head saying, don't go down, don't go down. and all i know is that i was swinging all over the place. and as arguments rage over the future of american healthcare, we visit kentucky, where some of donald trump's core voters are worried about change. hello.
american officials are toughening security procedures for international flyers entering the us, but won't be extending the in—flight laptop ban imposed on eight muslim—majority countries in march. the guidelines announced on wednesday include more robust screening of travellers and their personal electronics, and tighter security around aircraft and passenger areas. the secretary of homeland security said the new measures are necessary to combat changing terror threats. today i am announcing a first step toward this goal by requiring new security measures to be applied to all commercial flights coming into the united states from abroad. these measures will be both seen and unseen and they will be phased in over time. they will include enhanced screening of electronic devices, more thorough passenger vetting and new measures designed to mitigate the potential threat of insider attacks. joining us live now from new york is the bbc‘s nada tawfik. this is going to impact the huge
number of people, potentially good news for many travellers on the la ptop news for many travellers on the laptop ban, but it seems that airports and airlines have a huge amount to do to comply with these new measures in a fairly short time? absolutely. a lot of people have been waiting to see what was going to happen with the laptop ban, whether it was passengers who didn't wa nt to whether it was passengers who didn't want to have to check in their la pto ps for want to have to check in their laptops for fear of them breaking, or businesses who were concerned about profits, and other countries who were concerned this ban could be expanded, this is good news on that front. we have already heard from some trade groups such as airlines for america said that they wish that the department of homeland security had spoken about these measures ahead of time more, because they are anticipating a lot of operational
disruptions and delays with passengers. you have 375,000 people coming into the us every day, and there is now further screening. airports are going to have 120 days to comply with this, just four months to get all of these measures in place of —— orface possible consequences. yes, possibly a suspension of their flights to the us? yes, exactly. the secretary of homeland security said this is not negotiable. not only is the airliners and airports don't co—operate, but if they don't get the measures in place soon enough, they could face further restrictions on electronic devices or a complete suspension of flights to the united states. it even went a bit further, he said that he thought these
measures should be extended to all airports, there should be a base of aviation security that should be worn out of all of this. he said that they are not going to be flexible with the entry of those new measures. thank you very much. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. a senior european union official has described the scale of migration across the mediterranean from north africa to italy as unsustainable. it's reported about 10,000 people have attempted the journeyjust in the past few days. italy has threatened to stop foreign boats landing rescued migrants at its ports. the eu commissionerfor migration said all member states have a humanitarian obligation to save lives. united nations officials are saying at least 173 civilians have been killed this month in the syrian city of raqqa, where western—backed forces are trying to drive out the extremist group that calls itself islamic state. the office of the un
high commissionerfor human rights says the casualty figure is probably a conservative estimate — the actual number may be much higher. south korean president moon jae—in is in washington. ahead of talks with president trump he laid a wreath at the national museum of the marine corps. the white house says they will discuss ways to further strengthen their alliance and deepen the friendship. the leaders will of course be co—ordinating on north korea—related issues. hong kong is in lockdown, braced for the arrival of the chinese president xi jinping. he is due to arrive in the next couple of hours to mark the twentieth anniversary of the handover of hong kong from britain to china. it's his first visit to the city as chinese leader and protests are expected. 26 pro democracy activists were arrested on wednesday. the last british governor of hong kong, chris patten, said theircampaign can't be ignored. the campaign to protect the rule of law, to protect due process, to stop people being abducted on the streets of hong kong with the chief executive
looking the other way, all that is really, really important and i don't think the rest of the world should ignore it. the way that china keeps its commitments and pledges in hong kong will tell people an awful lot about whether china can be trusted in this country. we go live to hong kong. tell us how it looks from the? -- there? the chinese president is expected to arrive in about four hours, every day ahead of that arrival we have been seeing small—scale protest against him and this visit. last night, a protest took place in the compound behind me, about two dozen pro—democracy protesters were arrested. there is still tension, they have not yet been released. we are expecting more protest to come, we don't think that the chinese
president will come face—to—face with any of these demonstrators. he will be arriving around midday, he will be arriving around midday, he will be arriving around midday, he will be taken by motorcade. there will be taken by motorcade. there will be taken by motorcade. there will be a lot of security and he will be a lot of security and he will be a lot of security and he will be taken to the area behind me. he has several trips in his itinerary. he will be visiting to museums in beijing, he will also be looking at some transport links between hong kong and china, attending some celebration events. the major celebration event is saturday morning, when he will be swearing in the next chief executive of hong kong. he is likely to leave before the mass pro—democracy protest which will be happening on the afternoon of saturday. he will be leaving before those marchers start. he will no doubt be aware of them. thank you very much. some breaking news this hour: police in australia say a senior vatican
official, cardinal george pell, has been charged with sexually abusing children. he's accused of multiple child sex offences. cardinal pell is australia's most senior roman catholic and is also in charge of the vatican's finances. pell has been ordered to appear before a melbourne court onjuly the 18th. he is 76 years old. he was a priest in the town of ballarat before he was appointed archbishop of melbourne. he denies all offences. it's important to note that none of the allegations that have been made against cardinal pell have obviously been tested in any court yet. cardinal pell, like any other defendant, has a right to due process , defendant, has a right to due process, and therefore, it is important that the process is allowed to run its national calls —— natural. preserving the integrity of that process is essential to all of
us. it is important that it is allowed to go through unhindered, and allowed to see naturaljustice, including cardinal pell and the complainants in this matter. here in the uk, it's been announced that nearly 30 years after the hillsborough disaster — six people, including former police officers, are to face criminal charges. 96 liverpool fans died in a crush at the football ground in april 1989. new inquests last year concluded the fans had been unlawfully killed. on wednesday it was announced that former chief superintendent david duckenfield is to face charges of manslaughter by gross negligence and five other figures will also be prosecuted. campaigners say the charges ‘send a message about accountability‘ campaigners say the charges send a message about accountability, as our correspondent judith moritz reports. they've had inquiries,
investigations and inquests, but the hillsborough families have never had public prosecutions. they've fought for nearly 30 years for this moment. i'm absolutely delighted. we've got today everything we could've asked for. the decisions by the cps, in my opinion, were correct, or are correct. and we look forward to the due process through the courts of law. in 1989, the police officer in charge at hillsborough was david duckenfield. he will now face prosecution. there is sufficient evidence to charge former chief superintendent david ducke nfield with the manslaughter by gross negligence of 95 men, women and children. the match commander ordered the opening of an exit gate, through which the fans poured onto overcrowded terraces. he is charged with the manslaughter of all but one of the victims. tony bland died four years later, too late to be included in the charges. in the years after hillsborough,
sir norman bettison rose through the ranks to become chief constable of merseyside and later west yorkshire. he is charged with misconduct in a public office, accused of lying about the fans being to blame. he said he is disappointed to be charged, and will vigorously defend his innocence. andrew brookes is one of those killed at hillsborough. he was 26. his sister louise has long campaigned for justice, and was in warrington today to hear that charges will be brought. it's another event where my parents haven't been alive to... to see it or to hear it, and it's notjust my parents — its other hillsborough families who have gone to their graves never seeing today. the families were told that 23 suspects were originally considered for prosecution. in the event, six will face trial. graham mackrell was the sheffield wednesday company secretary —
responsible for safety, he is accused of failing to carry out his duties. peter metcalf was the solicitor acting for south yorkshire police. have been omitted. there will be six people facing criminal charges who might not have done if we hadn't have been resilient and all stuck together and fought this long fight. professor phil scraton has spent years working to expose what happened at hillsborough, and says the passage of time must have had an effect on the number of charges. if we'd had the kind of investigation then that we have had now, and the kind of attention paid to the detail of prosecutable charges then as we have now, i think we would have seen a lot more prosecutions. the youngest to die at hillsborough was just ten years old. the oldest, a pensioner. they were all unlawfully killed. there have long been calls for justice. now, nearly 30 years after they died, those said to be responsible will face trial, and the prospect ofjail.
judith moritz, bbc news, warrington. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we look back at the life of the creator of paddington bear, michael bond, who's died at the age of 91. china marked its first day of rule in hong kong, with a series of spectacular celebrations. a huge firework display was held in the former colony. the chinese president, jiang zemin, said unification was the start of a new era for hong kong. the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly that was cloned in a laboratory using a cell of another sheep. for the first time in 20 years, russian and american spacecraft have docked in orbit at the start of a new era of cooperation in space. challenger powered past
the bishop rock lighthouse at almost 50 knots, shattering a record that had stood for 34 years. and there was no hiding the sheer elation of richard branson and his crew. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the united states has announced tougher security measures for flights arriving from abroad but it won't be expanding a ban on laptop computers. one of the world's most senior roman catholic cardinals, george pell, has been charged in australia with multiple counts of child sexual abuse. donald trump is remaining optimistic that republicans can push through a bill to reform healthcare. it's not looking good though —
the senate leader mitch mcconnell has been forced to delay legislation afterfailing to drum up enough support from his own party. but speaking during a visit by the world champion chicago cubs baseball team, president trump offered a bit of a teaser on what lies in store. healthcare is working along very well, we could have a big surprise with a great healthcare package so, now they're happy. what do you mean by surprise, sir? i think yu're going to have a great, great surprise. thank you very much. some of the states that have given the most support to president trump are also places with the most people enrolled in 0bamacare. in the state of kentucky more than 420,000 people have been insured through the expansion of the programme for the poor called medicaid. from there laura bicker reports. this is what donald trump described as for baht in america. upstate
conductor used to be cool country. it is not any longer. it is now blighted by ill—health and an opioid crisis. let's have a look at things. how is your breathing? clinics are seeing higher rates of cancer, diabetes and heart disease than the rest of the us. and that years of working at the coalface have taken its toll on some. what did i tell you about a long transplant? he gave me an option to get a transplant. if i don't would be five years life expectancy. this man has black lung disease. he has to fight to breathe. i worked underground for 27 years. my i worked underground for 27 years. my lungs have shut down. when the mine shut he lost his job and is health—insurance. but his treatment is free due to 0bamacare reforms. the doctor was voted country doctor of the year. half these patients received government funded medicaid.
he warned against making the debate political and has advice for both sides. other countries have done, they set the groundwork for us. we will not be a pioneer but we can ta ke will not be a pioneer but we can take what they have done and use it and make it the best programme in the world. that is why is the united states is a strong as it is. we have taken things and made it better. why can't we do the same for healthcare instead of fighting over it? but some fear that donald trump may cut care. i don't know what is thinking, not about the little people. he did promise that he would not take away medicaid, and here we are. yes, he promised a lot and he went back on. he promised a lot to get into office, that is what he promised. so many people here have told us that 0bamacare many people here have told us that 0bamaca re has saved many people here have told us that 0bamacare has saved their lives. but it has come at a cost. hard—working middle income families say their insurance premiums have risen and they are struggling. they ask why
should they be paying? we should be suffered to help others? and that question is raised more often as opioid of bews here has become an epidemic. few households have gone untouched. i wanted to use it to come off everything. courtney is quattro months pregnant. she has been given medication to slowly wean a result of opioids. her first child was born dependent on drugs. this time she is determined to get the help she needs. i always have that fear of getting back on drugs that i'm excited, more excited than nervous because i i'm excited, more excited than nervous because i cannot wait to be normal. i know that sounds crazy but i cannot wait to have my life back together. so i can focus on things other than getting that feeling every day. doctors say this kind of intervention will save money in the long run. and save what is becoming a lost generation. this community is
finding ways to look after its own after enduring so many changes. they hope that washington is listening and will not turn its back on them now. a police officer who was repeatedly stabbed during the london bridge terror attack has been speaking about his ordeal for the first time. 38—year—old pc wayne marques was one of the first on the scene of the attack more than three weeks ago. he's been speaking to our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford. clear the area now! it was just after ten on the 3rd ofjune when three men started their attack on london bridge. pc wayne marques of the british transport police had just come on shift and walked out into the scene of chaos. i am about to get my radio out and i hear a woman screaming, sort of behind me but from the right hand side and when i look i see a woman, a young white lady, and she has been attacked. then he told me before he had
collected his thoughts he saw a man knocked to the ground, a knife man standing behind him. he was on the floor, pleadng for his life, and the first attacker, without any mercy stands over him and continues attacking him. i take my baton with my right hand like a racket, full extension, and i take a deep breath and i charge him. i try to take the first one out in one go and i swing as hard as i can, everything behind it. i aimed straight at his head. while i'm fighting the first one, i get a massive whack to the right side of my head. i felt metal, i thought maybe it was a metal pole or bar at first. afterwards i realised it was an knife. pc marques was temporarily
blinded in one eye. the first attacker was still on the floor, but soon the second attacker was joined by a third. i'm fighting the two of them and while i'm fighting my left leg starts wobbling. just waving, wobbling. and i am thinking, "what the hell's wrong with my leg? what's wrong with my leg?" and i look down and i see there is an knife in the side of my leg. he fought all three men off before collapsing and being taken to hospital, but he had bought crucial time, allowing people to escape, reducing the time the attackers had before they were shot by armed officers. i'd just like to think that i did what i did to keep the people that i saw being attacked and being hurt, keep them alive, keep them out of danger as best as i could, and that is all i tried to do was just keeping them alive. get them away from danger. with his trademark duffle coat,
floppy hat and wellington boots, paddington bear made his public debut in 1958 and has been a fixture of childhood ever since. on wednesday, his creator michael bond died at the age of 91. 0ur arts correspondent david sillito reports now on the origins and impact of a bear called paddington. it was just over 60 years ago on christmas eve that a young bbc cameraman, michael bond, saw a lonely toy bear sitting on a shelf in a department store. it inspired him to write a bear called paddington. a polite, optimistic but accident—prone immigrant from darkest peru. he has a very strong sense of right and wrong, a very polite bear, rather based on my
father. my father was a very polite man and always wore a hat in case he met somebody. had to have something to raise. paddington has a lot of him in it. "good afternoon," he said. "can i help you?" so the manners were from his father. but that opening scene with the station platform, he said there was in it an echo of his childhood in the ‘30s when he sanewish child refugees arrive in britain. but the world of paddington was, despite his many scrapes, a gentle place, rooted in the character of its duffle coat—wearing author. it really does feel very sad, particularly because the publishing party that he always comes to or i've always seen him is next week and so he will be really missed. he is the most lovely person. i think it proves that children do still love those sort of quiet books. it is about the character. there's parsley.
michael bond also wrote parsley the lion and the herb garden as long with dozens of other books, but nothing came close to paddington, the little accident—prone bear. from the books to the recent film, in which michael bond even made a brief cameo appearance. a little wave goodbye to his old friend. the breaking news this hour, police in australia have charged cardinal george pell, the vatican ‘s finance chief and the most senior cow athlete cleric in australia with multiple counts of sexually abusing children. these are said to be historic offences and he denies all wrong doing. if the truth be known, thursday will be a hard sell
for the latter part ofjune, given that low pressure is still very much the dominant feature. not a cold start to the day, that is positive, 12, 13, 1a degrees across the south. but as i say, even on this big picture here you get a sense that there is an awful lot of wet and windy weather to be had, not just to be found across the northern half of the british isles either. as we slump towards the south—west, a dank start here. not cold, 13, 1a degrees but the cloud sits low on the tors and moors in the south—west. hill fog around, further east and it is a good deal drier, still a lot of cloud with a hint of brightness if you are lucky. in the northern part of wales in the north of england, light patchy rain here with hill fog around. the rain beginning there to ramp up and as we come into the heart of scotland, a lot of rain here, especially in the south—east and into the north—east of england. weather warnings about this. a lot of rain here just keeps on coming. it is fed in by this north
to north—westerly wind and that will be it for the day. that is the bad news about it. all the while the rain is trying to move a bit further north through the course of the day. so for any heat at all, well, we have to rely on a little sunshine coming through in the south—east. 18, 19 here but underneath the cloud wind and rain further north, up to 1a degrees. itjust keeps on coming through the daylight hours. here we are into the evening and the pattern is very much the same. i changed the day and the pattern remains the same. the one crumb of comfort at this stage is that by then we may see 80 millimetres of rain across the high ground in the north—east and the rain will be lighter and patchier across the north and west. down in the south—east, 23, mayjust pop off a couple of heavy showers and the start of the week and looks to be a bit damp across the south—eastern quarter until that front moves off into the near continent and then
we look back towards the atlantic to see the supply of weather for the weekend. once the front is gone, there is a lull in proceedings and a decent day for many on saturday. pushing the weather front into the north—western corner of the british isles during the course of saturday afternoon, that will then transfer a weakening band of weather down towards the south—west and we do it all again. not a bad day following on behind but again, a scattering of showers across the northern and western parts of scotland. so compared to what comes in the next 2a hours or so, the weekend is dry, bright and warm for many of us. this is bbc news, the headlines. the united states is introducing tough new security measures for flights into the country, but has stopped short of a threatened expansion of its carry—on laptop ban. the new measures, which will be both seen and unseen, will include enhanced screening of passengers and electronic devices. police in australia have charged a senior roman catholic cardinal, george pell, with multiple counts
of sexually abusing children. cardinal pell is in charge of the vatican's finances and is considered to rank third in the hierarchy of the church. he strongly denies the alleged offences. 26 pro—democracy protestors have been arrested in hong kong, shortly before the arrival of president xi. he is due to arrive soon to mark the twentieth anniversary of hong kong's handover from britain to china. it's his first visit as chinese leader and more protests are expected. now it's time for a look back at the day in parliament.