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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  July 4, 2017 9:00pm-9:31pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. north korea conducts another missile test. and russia and china respond as one and with urgency. translation: among our common foreign policy priorities is the resolution of the problem of the korean peninsula, to ensure lasting peace and stability in northeast asia. north korea now it says it can strike anywhere in the world. we'll assess that claim, the short version is that it can't. eu member states continue to disagree on how to deal with the migrant crisis with austria now ready to use its army to stop them coming in. there has been a major breakthrough in raqqa. groups fighting the is say they have broken through a major wall. the bbc has been looking at the issue ofjournalist safety in mexico. a human rights group says that last year 11 were murdered and hundreds assaulted. we are alive and you can get as an
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e—mailand on we are alive and you can get as an e—mail and on social media. we are alive and you can get as an e—mail and on social media. welcome to outside source. russia and china have two explicit messages. one for north korea, stop your missile and nuclear programmes. and one for the us and south korea, stop yourjoint military exercises. first here's vladimir putin. we agreed to actively promote ourjoint initiative based on the russian plan of gradual korean resolution and chinese ideas of parallel freezing of nuclear missile activity of north korea and large—scale joint drills of the united states of america and the republic of korea. this all in response to north korea's latest missile test. until now north korea's missile range has
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been 4000km at most. that's already enough to hit south korea and japan now though now though it claims it's range is close to 7000km. that brings alaska into range, though not the main part of the us. this is serious but doesn't equate to a nuclear threat. to deliver a missile with a nuclear bomb you need a guidance system, something to carry the bomb, and you need to make a bomb small enough to be carried by a missile. it's not clear if north koreans can do any of these things. here's the analysis of weapons expert christina varriale. this missile can be categorised as an intercontinental ballistic missile and that range does not necessarily target strategic areas in the us, but alaska is still a
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significant development. in terms of being able to fit the nuclear capability on that missile, we are still waiting for the final data to come out. last year we saw what was known as the disco ball, the miniaturise aspect of the north korean nuclear capability. whether it could fit on this missile and had that weight would affect its flight times and flight distance we have yet to see. here's president trump's reaction: "north korea has just launched another missile. does this guy have anything better to do with his life? hard to believe that south korea and japan will put up with this much longer. perhaps china will put a heavy move on north korea and end this nonsense once and for all!" he did not go on to define a heavy move. in the last few minutes we have also heard this. the us is
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requesting a closed—door un security council meeting on that north korea missile strike. evidently the americans are very keen to speak to the russians, the chinese and others about how to respond. bear in mind the g20‘s died on friday in hamburg so the g20‘s died on friday in hamburg so all of the world's most powerful leaders will have the chance to talk about this there as well. china and russia are putting our statements. let's assess how much pressure they can put on north korea. let's assess how much pressure they can put on north korea. what china can and will do is something i talked about with vincent ni from the bbc‘s chinese service. olga ivshina from the bbc russian service was also with us. for foeradimir for vladimir putin it is important to tie the questions from where he has influence with questions from where he can get the influence. recently one of his citizens died shortly after coming back from north korea and vladimir putin has some influence on north korea, but he wants to discuss issues like syria and ukraine. it seems obvious that
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he wants to tie those questions together and get more important ones oi'i together and get more important ones on the table. there are dos two parts of this statement. the second pa rt parts of this statement. the second part is more potentially important to the chinese, which is to urge america to stop a military exercise. china does not want america to get too involved in asian affairs. i think that is probably the real goal. it is interesting how they tie it all together. we will put the pressure on them if they remove the possibility of military exercise. they can tell them to do this or that, but what real pressure can the russians or the chinese apply? china has a lot of economic pressure. a
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few basic sanctions against companies and citizens. but we do not know how much economic pressure they really have, but from this statement from the united states treasury we can see china has some influence. eventually this is a calculation for china. if you put too much sanctions on north korea resulting in the collapse of the regime, what will happen to china? one thing is refugees. the border between china and north korea, there is no wall, there isjust a small river and it is very easy for north koreans to get across. also if you have a united korea, what will happen? it might be an ally of the us. russians are also interested in putting some pressure but not too much. we will hear more from them in a moment. vladimir putin was hosting the chinese leader xi jinping
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in moscow earlier. busy agenda. about a0 documents to sign. we saw some of that earlier. there was about five minutes of this for the cameras, russian and chinese businessmen shaking hands over deals on trade, investment and so on. the mood is particularly good. before what was their third official meeting this year, xi jinping said chinese—russian relations were currently enjoying their "best time in history". in fact things are going so well that president putin gave president xi a medal, the order of st andrew the apostle which is russia's highest state award. let's hear again from olga ivshina from bbc russian, and vincent ni from the bbc chinese service. there is a bit of a bromance going
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on. russia has huge influence in china. he still remembers the russian literature and russian songs and it is a phenomenon across china. my and it is a phenomenon across china. my father's generation still remembers a famous novel which was widely read in the country back then. but the younger generation probably have chosen a different path. we started to learn english rather than russian when we were growing up. for vladimir putin it is important to alter this tendency if it is possible at the moment. that is why one of the agreements signed was about chinese and russian cartoons, so russia would launch 54 series of kids' cartoon in chinese, the adventures of a rabbit and a panda. they are trying to introduce
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soft power. a lot of chinese tourists are coming to russia at the moment and moscow wants to boost that. vladimir putin strongly needs his ties with china to become even better than they are at the moment. pressure on the islamic state in raqqa cranks up. syrian forces backed by the us have breached a wall surrounding the old city. this is a hugely symbolic city for is. it's in the north of syria and in 2014 islamic state declared it the capital of its caliphate. it is incredibly difficult to assess the presence is has in raqqa at the moment. we think in the region of 2,500 is fighters are in raqqa as well as 100,000 civilians who are trapped. rasha qandeel from bbc arabic talked to me about the significance of the old city in the overall campaign for raqqa. it is basically as if it is a seed
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around the city and a few days ago, the sdf said they were surrounding the sdf said they were surrounding the city by taking control of this old, it is like a pavement really, it is not really high, but it is very old. basically what happened todayis very old. basically what happened today is a breach and it has been backed up by the coalition forces by targeting two small pass, 25 metres each, in this seed, to be able to assist the sdf to take control of what surrounds raqqa to give a green light for the main battle to start. one of the techniques of is is to plant a lot of landmines around the siege so it is the counterattack versus an attack and so on. tell us about the sdf and its relationship with the americans. it has been backed up by the united states since
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the beginning. when they said they we re the beginning. when they said they were going to go inside raqqa and ta ke were going to go inside raqqa and take care of islamic state, it it started to support radically on the ground last november and since they started talking about the main battle a year ago. basically turkey does not want these forces to take the front line in raqqa and they we re the front line in raqqa and they were against them in a battle a few months ago. these forces are basically on the ground backed up by the airforce. basically on the ground backed up by the air force. we have the kurds. there are a lot of different groupings trying to defeat is. absolutely and this is why everyone is fighting the same enemy, but they all have different interests and this is why syria is much more difficult than iraq. this is why raqqa is predicted to be more difficult than the battle of mosul. there are still 2500 militants in
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islamic state and most of them are arabs and they will easily mingle in between the civilians. there are 100,000 civilians in the area of the city of raqqa and the damage on the civilians, hopefully it will not be great, but it is expected to be very high. do we know what would happen to raqqa if is was to be defeated? will it be returned to the syrian government or the rebels? has that been discussed? absolutely. the independents said this was the last escape route of so—called islamic state. if they are defeated in raqqa, either they go underground and reappear somewhere else and this might create a third country and they have probably prepared themselves in the last few months. so there will be a third front that we did not know about. or hopefully
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due to the coalition it will be the end of so—called islamic state in iraq and syria. inafew in a few minutes we will be reporting on mexico. stay with us on outside source, still to come; a human rights group says that last year in mexico, 11 journalists were murdered and hundreds assaulted. none of these crimes were punished. we will be looking into the issue of why no one is facing the law on this. negotiations aimed at restoring power—sharing in northern ireland have been suspended after the two sides failed to reach an agreement. sinn fein has blamed the failure on theresa may's political deal with the democratic unionists at westminster. the dup say they are hopeful that a stormont agreement can be reached later in the year. there was a bit of an end of term feeling here at stormont this afternoon. the expectation that these talks are going to in effect be taking a break for a while over the summer
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and if negotiations continue, they will be on a lower level than has been the case over the last few days. still no agreement between sinn fein and the democratic unionist party. a number of sticking points, but by far the biggest one i understand remains the issue of the irish language. sinn fein want a piece of legislation, an irish language act, which would promote and protect the gaelic tongue, but the dup are pushing for a broader law which would also incorporate some cultural issues which are imported to unionists. our lead story: there's been global condemnation of north korea's latest missile test. russia and china put a joint statement demanding that north korea freeze its missile and nuclear programmes. bbc world service reports that police in italy have carried out
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raids against the calabrian mafia. around a 1000 officers targeted 23 mafia gangs who, it's alleged, traffic cocaine around the world. hanoi in vietnam is considering banning all motorbikes by 2030. it's a big job — there are 5 million of them at the moment. the idea is to reduce congestion and pollution. that is from bbc vietnamese. a motorway has been closed in austria to allow emergency services to round up chickens. this was also a big job — 7500 of them escaped from a truck that crashed. the bbc has been looking at the issue ofjournalist safety in mexico. this is javier valdez. he was murdered in may. he was an award winning mexican journalist who reported on drug trafficking and corruption. this was his colleague miroslava breach, also a crime correspondent.
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she was murdered in march. shot eight times in front of her children. they're two of seven journalists to be murdered in mexico this year. more than 100 have been killed since 2000. and most have seen no—one convicted of the crime. this is an article by uk rights group article 19. they are based in the uk. it says, "mexico is the land of impunity." to illustrate the point, it's looked at 2016 and the group says it documented 426 assaults against mexican journalists along with 11 murders. but 99.75% of attacks against journalists went unpunished. why is no one facing the law? the
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government has recognised the lack of punishment is one of the roots of this problem. we have to understand why this is happening. first, corruption is one of the roots of the problem and in more than half of the problem and in more than half of the cases of attacks against journalists the issue was corrupt politicians and police officers who we re politicians and police officers who were believed to be the main suspects. activists say the state does not investigate itself. that is why most of these cases go unsolved. the government acknowledges there is a problem, does it offer any solutions? it has created a special office to investigate those cases, but corruption is so involved in all of those cases. in many cases local authorities say the crimes do not have anything to do with the work of journalists so is they stay in the local level of the court and they never get to the special prosecutor's office created to
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investigate crimes against journalists. these are the main reasons for the problem, corruption and lack of punishment. many people say it is the message, nothing happens to people who kill journalists. another message is to journalists. another message is to journalists that their lives will be in danger if they do stories that will upset people. that has an impact on how much journalism will upset people. that has an impact on how muchjournalism is being done. this is decimating journalism in mexico. many topics have become off limits to journalists because it has become to too dangerous to go there. many other elements of society are being targeted as well. is the government making any progress in pushing back against this level of crime? it is a sad story forjournalists, but against this level of crime? it is a sad story for journalists, but we are talking about a country where 93% of all killings go and prosecuted. so the whole thing is much bigger than what is happening
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with just journalists. thank you very much indeed. if you want more information on this, you can get it online on the bbc news app and on the bbc news website. just in the nick of time, my camera has turned around andi nick of time, my camera has turned around and i can talk to you about an italian bank. around and i can talk to you about an italian bank. another italian bank has received state help. last week it was two banks in venice now it's monte dei paschi — it's italy's fourth biggest bank. and it's getting $6.1bn from the government — in return for 70% of the bank. another $5bn or so will come in from other sources including shareholders. the reason all of this is necessary is monte dei paschi has bad loans of close to $30bn. it's getting expensive for the government. last week's bailouts cost close to $6bn. here's andrew walker explaining why the poor state of the italian economy is to blame.
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it makes it very difficult for the bank's debtors to generate revenue to repay their loans. but what we have got is an uncomfortable hybrid between bail in and bail out. the idea was thatjunior creditors further down should take some of the hit and indeed many of them are taking some of the hit. but the retail investors are going to be eligible for compensation, which is one of the reasons why it will cost the italian government rather more than the european authorities originally envisaged when they created this system of sorting out problem banks that was supposed to put more of the burden on creditors. a really important aspect of sorting out this bank is dealing with bad loa ns. out this bank is dealing with bad loans. it will have new bad loans that go back over time, or existing
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loa ns that go back over time, or existing loans that go bad over time. there is in the eurozone still banks with very large portfolios of bad loans on their books. many of them have had some effort put into sorting them out. greece, cyprus, portugal, there are serious problems there and those are countries where economic growth has been disappointing, so i do not think this will be the final line. asa as a candidate tweets like these we re as a candidate tweets like these were common from donald trump. we must build a great wall between mexico and the us. his way of tackling the issue of illegal immigration. also tackling the so—called dreamers, those who came to the us as children. in 2012 barack obama to the us as children. in 2012 ba rack obama created to the us as children. in 2012 barack obama created an order to give them greater protection. now thatis give them greater protection. now that is under challenge. we have
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been to mexico city to meet some of these dreamers who have given into these dreamers who have given into the pressure and to gone home. these were some of the united states' best and brightest, now they are mexico's again. young, dedicated and bilingual in the us there were known as dreamers. now thousands have returned to mexico either voluntarily or under duress. at this conference in mexico city deportees have a video chat with dreamers in 20 different us cities. many share similar stories of fear, separation, deportation and stigma. despite the supposed protection of the barack obama administration's deferred action policy many of the young dreamers at this event returned to mexico when their parents were deported to avoid breaking up their families. now they find themselves ina families. now they find themselves in a country they barely know and with which they have few connections. still, these days they are not looking backwards but ahead
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for opportunities in mexico. are not looking backwards but ahead for opportunities in mexicolj are not looking backwards but ahead for opportunities in mexico. i have many dreams and in mexico there are many dreams and in mexico there are many dreams and you cannot call it an american dream, because it is yourdream. an american dream, because it is your dream. donald trump already wa nts to your dream. donald trump already wants to build a border wall. despite president trump's tough rhetoric towards mexico, deportations went down by 12% over his first 100 days and he recently said dreamers should rest easy. still, activists say more needs to be done to inform immigrants of their rights. they think as long as they are undocumented people they do not have rights, but they do. we have to make them aware of that. now a little problem or a mistake can have very big consequences. someone who knows how big those consequences can be is francisco. he was arrested for trespassing. he said he was just passing a car park and he was
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deported after living in kentucky for 14 years. after battling mexico's tangle bureaucracy he finally has an id card. in the united states you can get a job without any problems. here it is really difficult. another thing is some people in mexico say we are not racist, but with my skin colour it is not true, we have less opportunities. connecting people like francesco with deportee groups might have time. they simply do not know that help exists. deportations may have slowed slightly, but few expect donald trump's administration to slow up, meaning many more will have to pursue their dreams in mexico instead. i want to remind you of an important development in our lead story, that
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north korea has successfully carried out a missile test. you can see kim jong—un celebrating that test. the us spokesperson says the united states was a closed doors un security council meeting on this. this will complement the discussions that will happen at the g20 which is happening in hamburg on friday and saturday. that is where some of the world's most powerful people are coming together and while there are things on the agenda, they can have off agenda discussions on north korea's missile's test. donald trump has been talking about the possibility of china putting a heavy move on north korea and he will be able to raise that idea with xi jinping towards the end of the week. if you are heading to the united
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states in the next couple of days and heading east, you will be greeted with that heat and humidity and thunderstorms. satellite pictures look similar over the past week with big thunderstorms developing in the central plains and in towards the great lakes and on july the 4th, dangerous storms were about. on wednesday thunderstorms will be breaking out again. they will be breaking out again. they will be breaking out again. they will be a bit more widespread on wednesday, perhaps pushing up into the north east as well. very hot and humid in the east and tinder dry conditions in the west and this is bad news for areas that have seen wildfires. crossing the pacific, let's have a look at this area and this is a tropical storm that has developed into a severe tropical storm as it made landfall in south—west japan. it brought very heavy rain and strong winds as well. it has not made it to typhoon
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status. in the next 48 hours it will move along the south coast of japan bringing heavy rain and potentially damaging winds as well. it could spark of flooding and landslides and there could be damage from the wind as well. in europe on monday and tuesday violent thunderstorms broke out across the balkans, particularly in bulgaria and romania, with some ha ilstones in bulgaria and romania, with some hailstones of a few centimetres. they caused damage. this high pressure has introduced cooler air and that heatwave moves away from the south east corner of europe and the south east corner of europe and the eastern mediterranean. temperatures returning to normal values for this time of year. looking at continental europe it looks fine and dry and that is because high pressure is keeping things fine and settled. a few showers in scandinavia and in the
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baltic states. very pleasant conditions if you are going to the mediterranean. each weather across the greek islands and into the eastern mediterranean. pretty much what we should be looking at for this time of year. glorious conditions in italy and sicily and sardinia and in the balearic islands. the coasts of spain are doing very well, temperatures around 29, maybe even hotter in a few places. fine and settled conditions for the canary places. fine and settled conditions for the ca nary islands. places. fine and settled conditions for the canary islands. we are looking at summer weather pushing into southern parts of the uk on tuesday and wednesday and turning hot in some places. a bit cooler further north. stay tuned to see a full forecast in half an hour. there has been international condemnation to the latest north korea missile test, russia and china
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have said the missile programme must be halted, but they have also demanded that the americans and south koreans end theirjoint military exercises. the migrant crisis in europe as drawn more attention between eu countries, austria is threatening to station soldiers on the border with italy. jean—claude juncker was decidedly unimpressed with the turnout at the european parliament earlier. only a few members, here, you are ridiculous. we will get into what that was all about in a few minutes. we will play a report on denmark's first female muslim member of parliament
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