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tv   Our World  BBC News  July 9, 2017 3:30am-4:01am BST

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this is bbc news, the headlines: the 620 summit in hamburg has closed, with a failure by world leaders to bridge the divide over climate change. angela merkel said she deplored ameria's decision to withdraw from the paris agreement. president trump said his first summit was a success for his policies on trade and energy. state television in iraq say security forces are on the verge of retaking the city of mosul, which has been under the control of the so—called islamic state. some soldiers were celebrating on the streets but there's still no official word of victory from the iraqi government. injapan 16 people are thought to have been killed after heavy flooding destroyed many homes. search and rescue teams are still looking for the missing. the national weather agency said some places have seen more rain in a matter of hours than they usually get injuly. canada has declared a state of
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emergency in british columbia. fires starting after lightning strikes after electrical storms. the fires are expected to spread jude to strong winds and high temperatures. a tea towel collection and the complete works of writer dick francis, perhaps not exactly the items that make you think of the british poet philip larkin. but they're all part of a new exhibition of his belongings. our entertainment correspondent colin paterson reports. when getting my nose in a book cured most things, short of school, it was worth ruining my eyes to know i could still keep cool... philip larkin‘s poem a study of reading habits. now we know more about his own reading habits, because his personal book collection has gone on display, and there is a lot of agatha christie, billy bunter and beatrix potter. so here we've got 3,700 of philip larkin‘s own books... they are part of an exhibition
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of his personal objects at the university of hull library, where he worked for more than 30 years. but what do ties, a lawnmower, and his tiny animal figurine collection tell people about one of the nation's greatest—ever poets? well, what they will learn is what they cannot learn in books. lots of words have been written about larkin, but what you can see here are the things he surrounded himself with in his life. because he's a librarian, he catalogues everything. he's even catalogued who he has received christmas cards from, and who is sending them to. if he sends one, but does not get one back? he will be gone. in 1979, he received a christmas card from andrew motion, but he has not set one. his biographer and literary executor. in 1980, yes, larkin sent a christmas card back. he sent one in 1979, he doesn't get one, he writes down, he sent one back the next year.
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the exhibition also includes super 8 film from the 1960s and ‘70s. it is clear why philip larkin became a poet and not an actor. now on bbc news yalda hakim looks at the plight of europe's mediterranean migrants, in 0urworld. a flimsy inflatable dinghy full of migrants is adrift in the open sea, around 30 miles from the libyan coast. they have no fuel, no water and no food. they have been detected by a spanish ngo. most of these migrants have never seen the ocean. they can't swim.
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after hours at sea in the sweltering heat, they are exhausted. this boat has just arrived with about 500 migrants who have been rescued trying to make the very dangerous journey from libya to sicily. so far this year, more than 80,000 people from different countries have arrived. around 2,000 have drowned. but the vast majority are not refugees fleeing war, but those in search of a better life. most will stay in italy. sympathy for the migrants is wearing thin. and blame is starting to focus on the ngos saving lives. there are critics who have accused ngos of acting as a taxi service to europe. there are fears now that
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anti—immigration groups are exploiting the crisis for their own ends. so you would like to see this mosque closed 7 yeah, i would like to see a museum or something else. tensions here are rising, but what is the solution to italy's migrant crisis? this is the gateway from sicily to the rest of italy. a short passage for many towards their new lives. this is the route that hundreds of thousands of migrants follow to get to the mainland. many of them end up in the north, but some are being settled in the south of the country.
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i'm on my way to one of those towns. in this quiet corner of calabria, for centuries the locals have only spoken italian. but in recent years riace has suffered from an exodus of people in search ofjobs and better prospects. and things are changing. hello, ciao, how are you? today over half the population are new arrivals from africa and the arab world. the initiative, with government and eu money,
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is breathing life into his town and providing a haven for recent arrivals who have endured much to reach here. these young men of 16 and 17 are from the country which makes up the second largest number of migrants to come to italy this year: bangladesh. the boys told me they never intended to come to europe, but they had paid people smugglers to take them to libya for work. but when they got there, they became their victims. bought and sold from one trafficker to another,
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the boys managed to finally get onto the boats for italy, but their ordeal was not over. not everyone is welcoming to migrants coming to europe. this is a promo video from a group calling themselves the identitarian movement. made up of mainly young, tech savvy members, they have been described as the hipster right. with headquarters in
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austria and france, they are a small but growing group and theiraim is to campaign against immigration. senior membership of the group is known to have links with neo—nazis. their annual camp is all about physical strength and fitness, but with a definite sense of purpose. stop immigration now! this summer the movement tried to stop a msf rescue ship from leaving port. the stunt ultimately failed but in just a few weeks the organisation raised over 70,000 euros and they have now chartered a ship they say they will use to disrupt trafficking and monitor the ngos in the mediterranean. i had heard that the group was developing plans for further action.
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their italy coordinator, lorenzo fiato, has flown down specially from milan. i want to defend europe from mass immigration and multiculturalism. we think that in every city where multiculturalism is present there is also radical islam and violence regarding illegal immigrants and more. you want european culture, western societies to just be white? it is not about white, it is about the other side of multiculturalism. this is a different kind of migration. these are thousands of illegal migrants coming to our shores and flooding into our cities. lorenzo told me that it wasn'tjust new migrants that concerned him. his organisation has a policy of re—patronisation of the children of existing immigrants. you want these people who live in europe, who are second or third generation, to go back to the home country of their own parents? i want them to respect our way of life or leave.
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it is simple. and the people who respect your way of life? sorry, the problem is not about them. most of them have some parents or friends or people who are related to them. i can't trust anyone in this matter. but lorenzo's first goal is to combat those he sees as facilitating mass immigration: the ngos. you say you don't want the ngos operating in those waters, that you want them to stop. they say if they stop more lives will be lost. i think this is false. these people are coming to europe because they know someone will save them. you cannot solve this problem by helping the human traffickers doing theirjobs, because they want to transport illegal migrants, so you are just helping them. there has been another rescue,
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this time by the organisation save the children. an inflatable carrying 125 people has been located off libya. it has been at sea for 2h hours, it is beginning to deflate, and it is taking on water. 25 children are on board. four babies and several pregnant woman. and there are fatalities. four people died, one the mother of a 15—month—old baby. the ship comes into a port in sicily. it is where a local prosecutor is investigating whether
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some ngo ships may be facilitating illegal immigration. the ngo missions are coordinated by the italian coast guard, but the country's legal system has launched two investigations into whether they are saving lives or assisting illegal immigrants on theirjourney. do you feel that by rescuing these boats that the ngos are somehow encouraging the people smuggling trade? there are critics that have accused ngos of acting
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as a taxi service to europe. the ngos argue that if they weren't operating in the area then more lives would be lost. back on the quay, the save the children ship is preparing to continue its mission. since last september, the boat has rescued more than 4,000 migrants at sea, including over 500 children. hi, david. i asked the captain what he thought of claims that ngos were acting as a taxi service to migrants and people smugglers. yes, i have heard that before and i think i can see
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why people say that, but the evidence is absolutely to the contrary. you only have to see the craft they put them in to realise how absolutely cynical and ruthless they are. they do not need a pull factor, they are pushing these people out come what may, and if we are not there they will drown. what is the solution here because the numbers are not dropping at all? the solution is a political solution, it is not within the remit of a humanitarian organisation to solve this, but people will continue to do this until there is a safer, legal way to do it. in the meantime, this tragedy will go on unfolding and we will continue to pick up the pieces and continue to get the blame for something that only other people can solve. i'm sorry, that is how it is. in catania, lorenzo
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has an important day. he is waiting for some new identitarian recruits who have come from the sicilian capital, palermo. hello, hi. viviana and claudia are university students and they have come to help on the defend europe launch. lorenzo says that he would take me on a tour of the town. all these restaurants are owned by migrants? yeah, most of them, it is easy to organise and easy to do. the food is not so healthy. they grew up like rabbits. they grew up like rabbits? what do you mean?
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it is like saying there are a lot of them and they continue to appear. in italy they are replacing the people living in these neighbourhoods. we are always less and they are always more. this is a mosque. what to think when you see this mosque here? i do not feel anything, because islam is ok if it is in the middle east or in some other places. ijust know this is not the place for a mosque here. that sounds islamaphobic. i want to prevent this actually. you want to prevent islamaphobia? i want to prevent hate and fights and the clash of civilisations. you would like to see this mosque closed ? i would like to see a museum or something in its place. as we sat down, i wanted to find out why viviana and claudia had joined the movement.
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for claudia it was something more personal. there are accusations that this is a racist group, an islamaphobic group, a group that is linked to neo—nazis. so what do sicilians think
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of lorenzo and his friends, their movement and views? i wanted to see him in action. lorenzo sees the chance for a bit of pr and tells the man about blocking the ngo ship. but it is notjust ordinary sicilians who feel their
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voices need to be heard. across italy you see scenes like this. nigerian woman forced into prostitution. it is thought that a staggering 80% of nigerian woman who come to europe are trafficked. three years ago, 1,500 nigerian woman arrived in italy. last year it was more than 11,000. i went to meet some who were lucky enough to be rescued. jennifer and anna, not their real names, told me their stories began in nigeria where they were offered work as baby—sitters and hairdressers in europe.
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they agreed, but on the drive through the desert towards libya things started to go badly wrong. when you got to libya, that is when you realised they wanted you to do prostitution? that was when the girls were taken to what is known as the carnation house. what were you saying? but once they arrive in europe, many find they cannot escape. they still have to repay a debt to the traffickers and the debts are huge — up to 40,000 euros.
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so they remain in virtual slavery. it really is quite difficult for these girls to now go back home. they have no id and they are effectively stateless. for many of them, they have made such a tough journey coming here that they do not want to go back, they see their future here in europe. lorenzo has hired a room in an upmarket hotel in catania for the defend europe launch, but there are complications. plainclothes policemen have turned up and are keen to make their presence felt. they question lorenzo, suspecting someone in the town's port might be passing information on migrant shipping. 0ur safety, our way of life,
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we have become a minority in our own country. perfect. does that mean that you will keep trying to stop the boats? of course, we are ready to face our problems, these kinds of problems. even today you were approached by police, they are watching you. yeah, i know. but we have our channels to keep these kind of things secret. the website, the internet, is a gift. we can talk there and organise these kind of things in almost totalfreedom, and this will help us a lot. it is estimated that this year a quarter of a million migrants
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will make the perilous journey from libya to italy. several thousand will drown on the way. while this crisis continues, so too will criticism of the humanitarian effort and the message of intolerance. and a solution? no end in sight. to the weather that many of us all
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during the day it will be similar on sunday. here is the scene in west wales. beautiful with a lot of blue sky and sunshine. similar so many of us sky and sunshine. similar so many of us but not everywhere. there will be rain around the northern parts of the country, down to the fat we have a fairly slow—moving weather front heading in from the north—west. you can see that front but there is also pressure in charge across much of england and wales so with widely spaced isobars, think should stay dry across the balkan of england and wales. more cloud here and outbreaks of rain particular across northern ireland into the west of scotland. to the north of that it should brighten up across the north of scotla nd of scotland with sunshine and a couple of showers. heading south across the bulk of england and wales, dry weather with long spells of sunshine. more cloud
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than we have seen over recent days. the chance of a passing shower across wales and the south—west of england into the midlands. fewer showers reaching eastern england with temperatures around 2627 degrees. it is likely to stay dry for the fourth day of the test match at lord's, england versus south africa. 2627 but with a bit more cloud than we have seen over the past few days. heading through sunday evening we will see the rain continuing across northern ireland, pushing into central and southern scotla nd pushing into central and southern scotland before heading eastwards overnight. further south, a couple of showers with a thunderstorm done across the far south—east. the picture is still lucky, around 17 degrees. in parts of england but fresh and further north across the country. monday starts with cloud and showers. most of them woollies away for a time but through the afternoon we will see more sunshine warming things up and, again, showers building. not a washout by any means with lots of dry weather in between the showers and temperatures 16— 25 degrees, not
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quite as hot compare to the weekend. 0n quite as hot compare to the weekend. on tuesday, further showers across the northern parts of the country will see more persistent rain working its way west to east but we could use rainfall across this part. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is duncan golestani. our top stories: the g20 summit has ended with world leaders failing to bridge the divide over climate change. president trump called it a "wonderful success". after two days of violent protests, hamburg starts to recover from the havoc caused by demonstrators at the summit. edging closer to victory in mosul,
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some iraqi government forces begin celebrating the defeat of so—called islamic state. still searching for survivors after heavy rains and floods in southern japan — 16 people are dead and dozens stranded.
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