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tv   Witness  BBC News  July 9, 2017 4:30pm-5:01pm BST

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ggwsfi what a the world visited regularly. what a j°y the world visited regularly. what a joy they have been enjoying with the weather in the last few weeks. a good opportunity to celebrate, to raise a glass of something appropriate in the lake district this evening. my, the weather. contrasting weather fortunes take us through sunday evening. one sunny spells for much of england and wales of those some cloud has built. for scotla nd of those some cloud has built. for scotland and northern ireland, more cloud here and outbreaks of rain for some of us. overnight, some possibly thundery showers in parts of this east anglia. at the end of the knights of this rain in scotland will feed into north—west england and north wales. a warm muggy night in parts of the uk, but there are fresher nights to come. monday will bea fresher nights to come. monday will be a day of and scattered showers. in part of east anglia and the forests at this stage —— a south—east of england could be intense downpours into the afternoon. there is the chance of a
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few showers at wimbledon. not quite as warm as it has been in the south—east of england. by tuesday, again, showers around and those across southern part of the uk may merge to give some longer spells of rain and it will feel cooler. hello again. this is bbc news. the headlines: the iraqi prime minister says the city of mosul has been liberated from the islamic state group. the parents of charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital in london, calling on doctors to allow the terminally ill baby to travel to america for experimental treatment. hundreds of kilograms of drugs and thousands of mobile phones were found in prisons in england and wales last year. the government has described the situation as "unacceptable." sir vince cable, who's favourite to be the next leader of the liberal democrats, says he believes brexit may never happen. a business tycoon has submitted plans to build a third runway at heathrow, which he says would be £5 billion cheaper than the current scheme. those were the headlines, more at
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the top of the hour. now on bbc news, our world. voiceover: a flimsy, inflatable dinghy full of migrants is adrift in the open sea, around 30 miles from the libyan coast. they have no fuel, no water and no food. they have been detected by a spanish ngo. most of these migrants have never seen the ocean. they can't swim. after hours at sea in the sweltering heat, they are exhausted. this boat has just arrived with about 500 migrants who have been rescued trying to make the very dangerous journey from libya to sicily. so far this year, more than 80,000 people from different countries have arrived.
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around 2,000 have drowned. but the vast majority are not refugees fleeing war, but those in search of a better life. most will stay in italy. sympathy for the migrants is wearing thin. and blame is starting to focus on the ngos saving lives. there are critics who have accused ngos of acting as a taxi service to europe. there are fears now that anti—immigration groups are exploiting the crisis for their own ends. so you would like to see this mosque closed 7 yeah, i would like to see a museum or something else. tensions here are rising, but what is the solution to italy's migrant crisis? this is the gateway from sicily to the rest of italy. a short passage for many towards their new lives. this is the route that hundreds of thousands of migrants follow to get to the mainland. many of them end up in the north, but some are being settled in the south of the country. i'm on my way to one of those towns. in this quiet corner of calabria, for centuries the locals have only spoken italian.
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but in recent years riace has suffered from an exodus of people in search ofjobs and better prospects. and things are changing. today over half the population are new arrivals from africa and the arab world. the initiative, with government and eu money, is breathing life into this town and providing a haven for recent arrivals who have endured much to reach here. this is the route that hundreds of thousands of migrants follow to get to the mainland. many of them end up in the north, but some are being settled in the south of the country. i'm on my way to one of those towns. these young men of 16 and i7
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are from the country which makes up the second largest number of migrants to come to italy this year: bangladesh. the boys told me they never intended to come to europe, but they had paid people smugglers to take them to libya for work. but when they got there, they became their victims. bought and sold from one trafficker to another, the boys managed to finally get onto the boats for italy, but their ordeal was not over.
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not everyone is welcoming to migrants coming to europe. this is a promo video from a group calling themselves the identitarian movement. not everyone is welcoming to migrants coming to europe. this is a promo video from a group calling themselves the identitarian movement. made up of mainly young,
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tech savvy members, they have been described as the hipster right. with headquarters in austria and france, they are a small but growing group and their aim is to campaign against immigration. senior membership of the group is known to have links with neo—nazis. their annual camp is all about physical strength and fitness, but with a definite sense of purpose. stop immigration now! this summer the movement tried to stop a medecins sans frontieres rescue ship from leaving port. the stunt ultimately failed but in just a few weeks the organisation raised over 70,000 euros and they have now chartered a ship they say they will use to disrupt trafficking and monitor the ngos in the mediterranean. i had heard that the group was developing plans for further action. their italy coordinator,
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lorenzo fiato, has flown down specially from milan. i want to defend europe from mass immigration and multiculturalism. we think that in every city where multiculturalism is present there is also radical islam and violence regarding illegal immigrants and more. you want european culture, western societies, to just be white? it is not about white it is about the other side of multiculturalism. this is a different kind of migration. these are thousands of illegal migrants coming to our shores and flooding into our cities. lorenzo told me that it wasn'tjust new migrants that concerned him. his organisation has a policy of re—patriation of the children of existing immigrants. you want these people who live in europe, who are second or third generation, to go back to the home country of their own parents? i want them to respect our
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way of life or leave. it is simple. and the people who respect your way of life? sorry, the problem is not about them. most of them have some parents orfriends or people who are related to them. i can't trust anyone in this matter. but lorenzo's first goal is to combat those he sees as facilitating mass immigration: the ngos. you say you don't want the ngos operating in those waters, that you want them to stop. they say if they stop, more lives will be lost. i think this is false. these people are coming to europe because they know someone will save them. you cannot solve this problem by helping the human traffickers doing theirjobs, because they want to transport illegal migrants, so you are just helping them.
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there has been another rescue, this time by the organisation save the children. an inflatable carrying 125 people has been located off libya. it has been at sea for 2h hours, it is beginning to deflate, and it is taking on water. twenty five children are on board. four babies and several pregnant woman. and there are fatalities. four people died, one the mother of a is—month—old baby. the ship comes into the port of trapani in sicily.
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it is where a local prosecutor is investigating whether some ngo ships may be facilitating illegal immigration. the n60 missions are coordinated by the italian coast guard, but the country's legal system has launched two investigations into whether they are saving lives or assisting illegal immigrants on theirjourney. do you feel that by rescuing these boats that the ngos are somehow encouraging the people—smuggling trade? do you feel that by rescuing these boats that the ngos are somehow encouraging the people—smuggling trade? there are critics that have accused ngos of acting
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as a taxi service to europe. the ngos argue that if they weren't operating in the area then more lives would be lost. back on the quay, the save the children ship is preparing to continue its mission. since last september, the boat has rescued more than 4,000 migrants at sea, including over 500 children. hi, david. i asked the captain what he thought of claims that ngos were acting as a taxi service to migrants and people smugglers.
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yes, i have heard that before and i think i can see why people say that, but the evidence is absolutely to the contrary. you only have to see the craft they put them in to realise how absolutely cynical and ruthless they are. they do not need a pull factor, they are pushing these people out come what may, and if we are not there they will drown. what is the solution here because the numbers are not dropping at all? the solution is a political solution, it is not within the remit of a humanitarian organisation to solve this, but people will continue to do this until there is a safer, legal way to do it. in the meantime, this tragedy will go on unfolding and we will continue to pick up the pieces and continue to get the blame for something that only other people can solve. i'm sorry, that is how it is. in catania lorenzo has an important day.
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he is waiting for some new identitarian recruits who have come from the sicilian capital, palermo. hello, hi. viviana and claudia are university students and they have come to help on the defend europe launch. lorenzo says that he would take me on a tour of the town. all these restaurants are owned by migrants? yeah, most of them, it is easy to organise and easy to do. the food is not so healthy. they grew up like rabbits. they grew up like rabbits? what do you mean? it is like saying there are a lot of them and they continue to appear.
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in italy they are replacing the people living in these neighbourhoods. we are always less and they are always more. this is a mosque. what to think when you see this mosque here? i do not feel anything, because islam is ok if it is in the middle east or in some other places. ijust know this is not the place for a mosque here. that sounds islamaphobic. i want to prevent this actually. you want to prevent islamaphobia? i want to prevent hate and fights and the clash of civilisations. you would like to see this mosque closed ? i would like to see a museum or something in its place. as we sat down, i wanted to find out why viviana and claudia had joined the movement.
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for claudia it was something more personal. there are accusations that this is a racist group, an islamaphobic group, a group that is linked to neo—nazis. so what do sicilians think of lorenzo and his friends, their movement and views? i wanted to see him in action. lorenzo sees the chance for a bit of pr and tells the man about blocking the ngo ship. but it is notjust ordinary sicilians who feel their voices need to be heard. so what do sicilians think of lorenzo and his friends, their movement and views? i wanted to see him in action.
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lorenzo sees the chance for a bit of pr and tells the man about blocking the ngo ship. but it is notjust ordinary sicilians who feel their voices need to be heard.
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across italy you see scenes like this. nigerian woman forced into prostitution. it is thought that a staggering 80% of nigerian woman who come to europe are trafficked. three years ago, 1,500 nigerian woman arrived in italy. last year it was more than 11,000. i went to meet some who were lucky enough to be rescued. jennifer and anna, not their real names, told me their stories began in nigeria where they were offered work as baby—sitters and hairdressers in europe. they agreed, but on the drive through the desert towards libya
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things started to go badly wrong. when you got to libya, that is when you realised they wanted you to do prostitution? that was when the girls were taken to what is known as the carnation house. and how many other girls were there with you in that space?
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were you talking to each other? yes. what were you saying? but once they arrive in europe, many find they cannot escape. they still have to repay a debt to the traffickers and the debts are huge — up to 40,000 euros. so they remain in virtual slavery. it really is quite difficult for these girls to now go back home. they have no id and they are
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effectively stateless. for many of them, they have made such a tough journey coming here that they do not want to go back, they see their future here in europe. lorenzo has hired a room in an upmarket hotel in catania for the defend europe launch, but there are complications. plainclothes policemen have turned up and are keen to make their presence felt. they question lorenzo, suspecting someone in the town's port might be passing information on migrant shipping. does that mean that you will keep
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trying to stop the boats? of course, we are ready to face our problems, these kinds of problems. even today you were approached by police, they are watching you. yeah, i know. but we have our channels to keep these kind of things secret. the website, the internet, is a gift. we can talk there and organise these kind of things in almost totalfreedom, and this will help us a lot. it is estimated that this year a quarter of a million migrants will make the perilous journey from libya to italy. several thousand will drown on the way. while this crisis continues, so too will criticism of the humanitarian effort and the message of intolerance. and a solution? no end in sight. weather update, 25 celsius in
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cardiff, 28 in west london, 15 in edinburgh. weather systems sat across parts of scotland and northern ireland where temperatures have taken a dip compared to yesterday. the pulse of the radar picture moving across northern ireland. tomorrow will be a dry day. the warm weather we have got across england and wales will leak away over the next couple of days as it turns cooler. the picture this evening, heavy showers breaking out through the midlands, especially into east anglia, around the wash, lincolnshire, as we go through the night and into the morning, rumble
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of thunder. quite a muggy night across southern parts of the uk but along with the days, the knights will get cooler and fresher as we go through the week. taking you on to tomorrow morning, getting out and about, sunny spells, most places will be dry, we still have the weather system affecting parts of eastern and southern scotland. bringing a few outbreaks of rain towards north—west england and north wales at this stage, tending to become more in the way of showers rather than rain, still a chance for seeing some of the heavy downpours around the wash as you head out in the morning. if you encounter these, perhaps difficult driving. elsewhere, starting dry, sunny spells around. it is a day tomorrow of sunshine and showers, some places will miss them all together and stay dry. if you catch one, could be heavy, heavy and thundery. still a bit of warmth and humidity to be found here, could see a lot of rain ina found here, could see a lot of rain in a short space of time with some of these, could be some disruption.
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chance of these around the london area, wimbledon as well, possibility rather than a guarantee of interruptions to play. if not on monday, then tuesday, this area of cloud and rain will run into wales and western areas, monday night, and then going into tuesday, pushing east, a lot of cloud with that, temperatures certainly taking a bit ofa tumble, temperatures certainly taking a bit of a tumble, it has been very warm. speu of a tumble, it has been very warm. spell of rain, far south, potentially on tuesday night and into early wednesday, not guaranteed at this stage. keep watching for updates. largely fine day on wednesday, some sunshine, one or two showers around. atlantic driven cooler air, changeable, sundays showers around. atlantic driven coolerair, changeable, sundays will be dry with sunshine, other days will be wetter with showers. temp ridges on the way down most noticeable where it has been so very warm. —— temperatures on the way down. this is bbc news. the headlines at five:
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celebrations in mosul after the prime minister of iraq announces victory over is in the city. of iraq announces victory over is in the city. the parents of terminally—ill baby charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital, calling on them to let him go to the us for experimental treatment. we have got to stay hopeful, and hope thejudge listens we have got to stay hopeful, and hope the judge listens to the seven experts we have got now who are saying this has a chance of working for charlie. they all agree he should have this opportunity, we agree he should have this opportunity, our supporters do as well. thousands of people gather in istanbul in turkey to protest against the government of president erdogan. government ministers say unacceptable amounts of drugs and mobile phones are being found in prisons. also in the next hour...
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