this is bbc news. the headlines: celebrations in mosul — after the prime minister of iraq announces victory over is in the city. the parents of terminally—ill baby charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital calling on them to let him go to the us for experimental treatment we've got to stay hopeful, hope that the judge listens to the seven experts we've got now that are saying this has a chance of working for charlie. they all agree that he should have this opportunity. we agree he should have this opportunity and all of our supporters do as well. thousands of people gather at an opposition event in istanbul in turkey to protest against the government of president erdogan. government ministers say unacceptable amounts of drugs and mobile phones are being found in prisons. also in the next hour, going back to his roots. after 13 years away, wayne rooney rejoins his boyhood club, everton, as he says goodbye to manchester united. good evening.
the iraqi government has announced its forces have finally taken full control of mosul, the city held by so—called islamic state extremists for the last three years. this afternoon the iraqi prime minister travelled to mosul to declare it free of is after a nine month battle. iraqi troops were backed by american and coalition air strikes, advancing street by street in the final stages over the last few weeks. our defence correspondent jonathan beale has this report from mosul — you may find some of the content distressing. what was once a beautiful old city
is now mostly rubble. every building deeply scarred, or destroyed by months of war. we joined the search and rescue teams looking for survivors, but more often they're just recovering bodies. with the heat, there's also the strong smell of decay. this man is hoping against hope that his brother and his family are still alive. their house was hit in an air strike just a few weeks ago. it was being used by islamic state fighters. he says he spoke to his brother on this phone, while he was trapped somewhere under the rubble. and then he stopped answering. all they find here is decaying corpses. it's a similar story everywhere they go. while that was happening, the iraqi prime minister was en route to mosul to declare the liberation of the city. he arrived draped with an iraqi flag
and surrounded by troops, who spent the last nine months trying to wrestle the city from is control in the toughest of battles. even this morning, there was still the sound of gunfire. the children so used it they don't even flinch. this territoryjust up there still under is control, just a small parcel of land. families are making their way through any way they can, to safety. and as you can see, they are pretty desperate. it's hard to celebrate freedom from is when you've just been fighting to survive. these families said they had little food or water. they have left behind loved ones under rubble. many will carry the scars of this battle for the rest of their lives. these children have been prisoners of is for much of their short lives. now, after three years, iraq's prime minister has
declared their city liberated. but for these families, it's come at a huge price. jonathan beale, bbc news, mosul. i'm joined by georgejoffe who studies the international relations of the middle east and north africa at the university of cambridge. good evening to you. the liberation of mosul has not come as a surprise at this time, but nine months on why has it taken so long? well, that is because is are very tenacious and we re because is are very tenacious and were not prepared to give up. especially in mosul, that is where the caliphate was declared three yea rs the caliphate was declared three years ago. i think that means that, for them, fighting for mosul was a very important demonstration of their determination to persist, despite the attacks upon them. and
they still exist in other parts of iraq, don't they? they certainly do. there is a little enclave just to the north, and other cities on the western edge of mosul. and they are still present in raqqa in syria, just across the border. they still represent a potent force which will have to be eliminated before final victory can be achieved. what does the defeat in mosul actually mean for islamic state camp for the country as a whole? it's transformed into a virtual caliphate, the idea that it represents rather than the territory that it controls that is important. for iraq, it is an extremely important demonstration of the success of the government in baghdad. that is important because
haider al—abadi is under pressure from nouri al—maliki, his predecessor, much hated by his sunni community, and the kurds, thinking of demanding a referendum for independence in september of this year. much of mosul has been left in rubble after this, how do they go about rebuilding the city? international forces are not going to come in and help like that, the americans have spent enormous sums of money in trying to rebuild iraq, u nsuccessfully. of money in trying to rebuild iraq, unsuccessfully. they are not going to contribute very much, i don't think. apologies, we have lost the line to the professor. but we got a good picture there of exactly what
is happening in mosul and what is go to happen for the future of that city now. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:30 and 11:30pm this evening in the papers. our guests joining us tonight are the broadcaster penny smith and the journalist james rampton. stay with us for that. the parents of charlie gard — the ii—month old who has a fatal genetic disorder — handed a petition to great ormond street hospital today asking for him to be allowed to travel to the united states for experimental drug treatment. more than a quarter of a million people signed the petition, the high court will consider the case again tomorrow after new evidence was put forward. wyre davies reports. charlie gard's parents say they will accept help and support from wherever it comes. guide and lead them and we continue to pray for their precious, beautiful son, who has captured the imagination of the world. 11 month old charlie is severe
disabled and brain damaged. his future has been the subject of a long legal battle. doctors at great ormond strett say no treatment will improve his quality of life around they should be allowed to switch off the life—support system. a view supported by a high court ruling. today his parents delivered a petition to the hospital after they say new medical information suggests their son might be able to benefit from experimental treatment overseas. there is just a lot of people think what has happened here is wrong. parents know their children best. you know. people making decisions about him have spent very little time with him. we are there 24 hours a day, if he was suffering and in pain we couldn't sit there. legally, handing in the petition doesn't change anything but charlie's parents and supporters are emboldened by the new medical information coming from italy and the us. great ormond street
hospital hasn't issued a statement but doctors stand by the original legal ruling. the crux of the matter is who should have the say over charlie's future, says the american pastor now supporting the family. he denies turning this into a religious issue. should religion be getting involved in this? i would turn it round and say should the courts and government officials be involved in what should be parents decisions, they are the ones interfering, usurping rights. great ormond street says is doctors have explored every possible treatment but the hospital has requested another high court hearing tomorrow, because of what it describes as the new claims from overseas. the newjustice secretary has pledged to tackle the problem of drugs and violence in prisons after figures revealed that more than 200 kilos of drugs and 13 thousand mobile phones were found last year injails in england and wales. david liddington said the government was increasing the number of prison
officers following cuts under the coalition government. here's our home affairs correspondent dominic casciani. london's pentonville prison late last year. orders from inmates for drugs and mobile phones being delivered by gangs on the outside. packages thrown or catapulted over walls and security netting. prisoners use makeshift hooks to recover them. it is big business. new figures from the ministry ofjustice show the industrial scale of what's happening. 225 kilograms of drugs seized last year, 13,000 mobile phones, 7000 extra sim cards. large—scale prison smuggling has become a fact of life. in some prisons it was easier to get drugs and phones than it was to get funding to do education. how about that? people stuck in a cell for 2h hours a day, they want escapism. people in society go to the pub to escape. we have drug addicts in
society. to suggest it is not going to happen in prison is ridiculous. prison inspectors say phones enable crimes. labour say that deep cuts are to blame. ministers have pledged extra officers by the end of next year, but there will still be fewer staff tha n year, but there will still be fewer staff than seven years ago. these are the figures on violence and stuffing that critics say ministers must confront. assaults have reach a record high of more than 26,000 instance, up10,000 record high of more than 26,000 instance, up 10,000 since 2010. at the same time, front line prison officers have fallen to just over 18,000, down almost 6500. what i am determined to do is try to bring about improvements, to build on what my predecessor liz truss did in getting extra prison officers and putting in place effective measures to detect more accurately the problem we have with drugs, the new challenge we have with drones and mobile phones in prison, so they are more secure places. drones remain the biggest challenge.
walls around the prison will not stop ed vaughan contraband. police are turning to intelligence to try to track the gangs behind them. experts say there are plenty of them out there because there is big money to be made. a huge anti—government protest, said to be the biggest in years, has been taking place in the turkish city of istanbul. demonstrators voiced their anger at president erdogan, after a year which has seen thousands of arrests and mass sackings of civil servants, judges and journalists in the wake of a failed coup attempt. mark lowen reports. it's hard to speak out in turkey now. but not today. an unprecedented act of defiance against president erdogan, hundreds of thousands streaming into istanbul under the word "adalet" — justice. some, walking the 280 miles from ankara. if you belong to the government or state, you're treated well. but if you are thinking differently, asking for some benefit, some rights, then you are treated as terrorists.
recep tayyip erdogan is a very tough leader. he doesn't like us, he doesn't like modern people. it began when an opposition mp was jailed, but grew fast. tens of thousands, marching in the heat, headed by the sprightly 68—year—old opposition leader. they are fighting repression, 50,000 people arrested since last year's failed coup. 140,000 sacked or suspended. he arrived to cheers of "rights, law, justice", and he vowed to fight what he called a dictatorship. translation: we will rise up against injustice, oppression and persecution. i want peace and fraternity. i call on all of us to live together. let's not fight any more. let our differences be our richness. this has shaken president erdogan, who slammed the march for "supporting terrorism". he has huge support in half the country, but the spirit
of resistance has been awoken. the more secular, liberal side of turkey has found its voice with this movement. anti—erdogan feeling and demand for the rule of law, uniting a fragmented opposition. the question now is whether they can sustain this momentum and challenge the erdogan government at the next election in 2019. thejustice march has drawn support here and abroad, including from jeremy corbyn. but channelling this energy into a credible political movement will be a far tougher task. the us secretary of state is in ukraine for a brief visit. rex tillerson is the first senior member of the trump administration to visit the country. speaking alongside ukrainian president petro poroshenko, mr tillerson said russia must take the first steps to de—escalate the conflict in the east of the country. i've been very clear in my discussions with russian leadership on more than one occasion, that it is necessary
for russia to take the first steps to de—escalate the situation in the east part of ukraine, in particular by respecting the ceasefire by pulling back the heavy weapons and allowing the 0sce observers to carry out their responsibilities. this is necessary for us to make any movement in particular. the headlines on bbc news... the iraqi prime minister says the city of mosul has been liberated from the islamic state group. the parents of terminally—ill infant charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital — calling on them to let him go to the us for experimental treatment. thousands of people gather in istanbul in turkey to protest against the government of president erdogan. the event is being held to mark the end of a 280—mile march from ankara, and has been organised by the opposition to highlight mass arrests and sackings since last year's failed coup in the country. the church of england's ruling body
has voted overwhelming in favour of welcoming transgender people. the general synod backed a motion to look into special services for transgender people to mark their transition. 0ur correspondent andy moore has been following this for us. welcome to you. what does this mean, in effect? it is very much a symbolic indication of support for the transgender community. the first pa rt the transgender community. the first part was to welcome and affirm transgender people in the church. there was no debate about that. the second part was whether there should bea second part was whether there should be a separate ceremony or form of words to welcome them into the church, in their new identity. there was more debate about that. some speakers said, well, we can adapt existing services like the service of affirmation, and we don't need anything new. 0thers of affirmation, and we don't need anything new. others said, yes, we need something new to welcome and
embrace transgender people. the motion said no member of the clergy should ever be forced to carry out this, if it was against their conscience. we heard from rowan williams. she read out an e—mail from a student who recently transitioned from a woman to a man. it would mean a lot to see the leadership of my church support transgender people. when i go into a church, i feel welcome as a fellow anglican, but there is always that paranoia. if they knew who i was, would they still welcome me? if you vote for this, it would be a way of saying that the church of england officially accepts people like me. and thinks that our identity is valid and will not try to invalidate us. please do it. it shows that the church likes transgender people and is inclusive, and it stops transgender people from shying away from faith out of fear they will not be accepted for who they really are. has there been any reaction from the
transgender community? not yet, it only happened a a few hours ago. dr john sentamu called on the synod to support the motion. he said, let's just do this. he said there might be theological issues to debate, this isa theological issues to debate, this is a call on the house of bishops to consider a new service. he said they can sort out the theological issues, let's go ahead and do this. that opinion won in the end. three people have been killed and five injured in a collision in cornwall. a woman and a child from one car sustained fatal injuries, as well as a male pedestrian. seven people have been taken to hospital for treatment. the road remains closed in both directions while
officers examined what happened. more than 180 wildfires are burning in the western canadian province of british columbia. most of the fires started after lightning strikes in dry electrical storms. the authorities have declared a state of emergency. georgina smythe reports columns of smoke black out the sky as wildfires rage across western canada. about 2000 firefighters are on the ground attending over 180 fires believed to have been started by lightning strikes. local media says 7000 people have been forced to abandon their homes and animals for evacuation centres. it was very emotional driving away, and seeing the flames and the smoke, and the whole village just surrounded by fires. there are lots of people who have no connection to it at all, but they're here and we are trying to support everybody. we ask everyone to be patient, it takes a long time to register people and we are trying to help as best we can. it is the worst wildfire emergency
the country has seen in 1a years, and there are fears the region's fires could join together. pretty close. they were hitting the town, i could see that from the house, which was definitely a sign we had stayed too long. about 300, 400 metres away, the retardant was hitting. the fire we were able to watch from where we were. i think i still smell like smoke. it was getting close. air tankers are dropping water in an attempt to contain the blaze but hot, dry, and windy conditions are expected to continue for several days, hampering the efforts of firefighters. researchers in leeds say that potentially harmful chemicals, used to waterproof raincoats, rucksacks and outdoor gear, are unnecessary and a source of environmental pollution. fluorochemicals are one of the most common treatments used to waterproof items. scientists say new coatings being developed are more environmentally friendly.
0ur science reporter, victoria gill, has more. the great british summer. but with british weather, the chances are it won't be long before you're reaching for your raincoat — an unlikely source of pollution. one of the most common treatments used to make ourjackets waterproof, fluorochemicals, can pollute the environment. the problem with fluorochemicals is that they're very persistent. they stick around for a really long time, they don't break down and could last for hundreds of years. that's why these scientists are testing new, more environmentally—friendly waterproof coatings using indoor rain. this is the rain room here at leeds university, and apparently it's set to a manchester drizzle. this is the mannequin wearing a raincoat to be tested, so if we just switch on the rain... yeah, that is a pretty accurate artificial manchester drizzle, so i'm just going to leave. the team used industry—standard
tests to see how waterproof fabric stood up to everything from drizzle to a simulated downpour. new repellent coatings that are not based on fluorochemicals are just as good as fluorochemical water repellents. the fluorochemicals are unnecessary. new non—fluorochemical coatings are still being developed, but the researchers now hope the industry will start to roll them out to protect us from the elements without damaging the environment. a ceremony has been held to remember the 843 men who lost their lives when hms vanguard sank off 0rkney injuly 1917. it was one of the worst naval tragedies of the first world war. to mark the centenary, a team of divers has been given special permission to document the wreck. 0ur scotland correspondent, lorna gordon has more. in the cold northern
waters of scapa flow, the final resting place of hms vanguard, a dreadnought battleship from world war i. the bow and stern almost entirely intact after 100 years under the water. this the first group of civilian divers to be given permission to document the wreck since it was designated a war grave. i think the loss of life was never very far away from my mind as we're diving on the ship. that said, we had a job to do, and an obligation to do thatjob to the best of our ability. so you got on with the work but, yes, parts of the wreck are very emotional. very emotional indeed. newsreel: ships were steaming into their war base at scapa flow... along with many other ships of the royal navy, vanguard had been anchored in the seas off 0rkney. she'd seen action at the battle ofjutland, but on a summer evening injuly 1917, the entire ship was destroyed after a magazine exploded.
she sank almost instantly, with the loss of almost all her crew. 843 men died. only two of those on board at the time survived. the team of volunteer divers spent hundreds of hours surveying the wreck, piecing together its story. lying at a depth of around 100 feet, and among the many artefacts they discovered, the telegraph, a main anchor, cutlery lying half buried in the sand around the wreckage. as part of the commemorations, vanguard's white ensign was recently replaced by divers. a century on, honouring the many lives lost in what was a catastrophic accident. the lake district has been designated as a world heritage site. it was the third time the national park had
submitted a bid to unesco, which was meeting in krakow. the decision means that the lake district becomes the uk's 31st such site. the liberal democrat mp tim farron, whose constituency is in south cumbria, said it was fantastic, well deserved and a formal recognition of the outstanding natural beauty of the area. has been a glorious weekend of whether for many, is has been a glorious weekend of whetherfor many, is it has been a glorious weekend of whether for many, is it set to last? sunday was a day of mixed fortunes. we had dry, bright weather across england and wales. this was the scene captured by a weather watcher in shropshire. we had fair weather cumulus cloud. some showers around. you can see the clear skies and the cumulus cloud. further north across the country, northern ireland and scotland, there has been more cloud around. here was the scene in coleraine in county londonderry. for
northern ireland and central scotland, we keep the cloud and the outbreaks of rain through the evening. slowly creeping southwards and eastwards into the early hours of monday. still a few showers further north. turning pressure, 1112 degrees across parts of scotland, further south still humid, 17 celsius in london first thing. monday morning, some sunshine across many northern and western parts of scotland. still quite cloudy and damp in the east. a much improved morning for northern ireland, a return to drier, brighter conditions here. heading south across england and wales, sunny spells from the word go. most places start on a dry, warm note with some spells of sunshine, just breaking through the cloud. heading through the day it is generally a day of sunshine and showers. a drier, brighter picture for northern ireland. some of the showers, particularly for eastern england, could be heavy, sundry, bringing subsurface water later in
the afternoon. temperature is not as hot as recent days, 1625 degrees for most places. still some heavy showers and thunderstorms across eastern england and then they should clear away. 0nto tuesday morning, the next batch of rain roles in on the next batch of rain roles in on the south west. it will not be quite as warm overnight as it has been, but temperatures around 15 or 16 degrees. quite humid. further showers making their way eastwards through central and northern parts of the country, more persistent rain later in the day heading to the south—west. there will be some showers around. temperatures around 15 or 21 degrees. cooling down a touch compared to the weekend. by the time we get to wednesday, the rain should slowly clear to the south—east, then a drier and brighter day. not quite as hot as it has been. to the course of the week ahead, things looking changeable. sunny spells and scattered showers. not quite as warm as it has been. goodbye for now. hello. this is bbc news. the iraqi prime minister says the city of mosul has been liberated from the islamic state group. the parents of charlie gard
deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital in london, calling on doctors to allow the terminally ill baby to travel to america for experimental treatment. thousands of people gather at an opposition event in istanbul to protest against the government of president erdogan. hundreds of kilograms of drugs and thousands of mobile phones were found in prisons in england and wales last year. the government has described the situation as "unacceptable." the church of england's ruling body — the general synod — has voted overwhelmingly in favour of welcoming transgender people and offering special church services for them. let's return now to charlie gard, whose parents have delivered a petition to great ormond street hospital in london, calling on doctors to allow their son to travel to the us for experimental treatment. the petition has been signed by more than 350,000 people. the 11—month old boy's case is due to return to the high court tomorrow.
our correspondent anisa kadri spoke to charlie's parents chris gard and connie yates — and they told her what they have been going through. well, i'm in a square right down the road from great ormond street hospital, and it's the square where charlie's supporters have been gathering all day today, people who signed that petition that you've mentioned. charlie's parents, chris and connie, they thought they'd run out of legal options. tomorrow there will be a fresh hearing at the high court about whether their young 11—month—old son can get treatment abroad in america. a lot hangs on that hearing. joining me now is chris and connie, charlie's parents. thanks so much for agreeing to speak to bbc news.