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tv   BBC News at Five  BBC News  July 18, 2017 5:00pm-6:01pm BST

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today at 5 — there's a stark warning conditions in youth custody centres are so appalling, a tragedy is inevitable. the chief inspector of prisons for england and wales, says assaults and self—harm are rising, while standards dramatically fall. we were unable to say that any of the young offender institutions or secure training centres that we inspect — we couldn't say that any of them were safe to hold children and young people. peter clarke escaping in respect of all youth offending institutions. what can be done? the other main stories on the bbc news at 5... there's an unexpected fall in the rate of inflation to 2.6%. but prices are still rising faster than wages. the parents of an autistic boy with a rare genetic condition, go to the high court to force the nhs, to offer a life—changing drug. we have a special report on lemurs under threat. a sapphire rush in madagascar could destroy one type... of the primate. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years.
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tens of thousands of people have moved here, to clear the land and dig for gems. how can such a pretty right... make such bad coffee ? sexist ads, endorsing stereotypes could be banned, under plans from the industry watchdog. and, in print again... jane austen, 200 years after she died, is unveiled on the new £10 note. it's five o'clock, our top story is that youth custody centres in england and wales are so unsafe, a tragedy is inevitable. that's the stark warning from the chief inspector of prisons.
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in his annual report, peter clarke says the decline in standards is "staggering", with an increase in assaults and self harm. he says he hasn't inspected a single youth custody centre, that was fit for purpose. the ministry ofjustice has responded, saying the safety and welfare of all young people in custody is its priority, and it's boosting the number of front—line staff by 20%. wyre davies has reports. the chief inspector of prisons wrote to ministers talking about a staggering decline in standards are now followed up that report saying not one establishment was safe to hold young people. in a broader damning report he said the most concerning findings emerged from young offender institutions and secure training centres.” young offender institutions and secure training centres. i think i made it very clear that in my view some sort of tragedy would be inevitable unless there was very, very firm action taken to make these places safer. indeed, within four
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weeks my letter there was nearly such a tragedy at one of the secure training centres, when a very young member of staff was attacked. i've had a reply, setting out the aspirations for the future, the plans the government has to improve things. ijust hope these aspirations and brands are turned into reality. after the chief inspector's earlier warning, the government announced the establishment of the new body to tackle the specific concerns. mr clarke appeared sceptical that it would be enough alone to break the spectacle of violence. stunned by the nature of the report, the government responded, saying... in this highly critical report on
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the state of our prisons there were few positives. staffing levels too low to maintain order, the inability to keep drugs out ofjail, bullying and self segregation commonplace. we note in the adult system the number of people dying has reached extraordinary levels. very many of those people started theirjourney to that life in a young offenders institution, so the tragedy is all around us. there is not that there is some house in the era in the past when prisons were doing everything we want, but it has undoubtably deteriorated sharply in the last three years. mr clarke was also damning about the ability and willingness to prison authorities to accept the findings of reports. there is clear evidence, he concluded, that the too many prisoners, the state is failing in its duties. the head of criminaljustice at a think tankjoins us. thank you for joining us. this is a shocking
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report from peter clarke, but what's even more shocking is he says the situation in offenders institutions across england and wales were about across england and wales were about a year ago. he made recommendations. a year a year ago. he made recommendations. ayearon, a year ago. he made recommendations. a year on, things are worse. it's a devastating critique of where we are with our prisons at the moment. this isn't about wanting to mollycoddle being soft on crime, this is about actually basic dignity. if you go into prisons and see some of the situations people are finding themselves, it's terrible. we at the centre of social justice themselves, it's terrible. we at the centre of socialjustice have done a lot of work around the issue of drugs in prisons. we have made clear and specific recommendations on this that don't require legislation. for example, implementing drug scammers to restrict the supply of drugs into prisons, helping curb the violence. i suppose the other elements we should acknowledge is the government
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really are recognising that they need to recruit more staff. this promise of 20% more and the two and a half thousand on the adult side, these cannot come soon enough. what about the suggestion that the prisons bill needs to go through parliament? it was supposed to go through before the election, the knocked off track. that ripped would have required action to be taken on any recommendation made by the chief inspector of prisons and for the justice secretary to intervene if necessary. no mention today about the prisoners bill, after this terrible report from peter clarke. absolutely, we do need to see action, in making sure there is a mechanism where recommendations are acted on. whether the turntable allows for some form of the prison built to make it through, i do hope so. built to make it through, i do hope
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so. peter was clear in his previous papers and reports that that was fundamental. what i find really disturbing if we look at who are held in our prisons, and our young people in custody. they may well have often committed serious offences but often their sort of backgrounds do come into it. there area backgrounds do come into it. there are a lot of young people who have had extremely traumatised upbringings. we owe it to them to make sure we do all they we can so when they leave custody, we need to ensure they get back into society and are able to be pro—social and contribute. one wonders about the maximum prisons are supposed to be there to rehabilitate offenders, as well as punish them. he talks about, peter clarke, not a single youth offenders institute being fit for purpose and standards dropping dramatically in men's prisons. the situation in women's prisons in slightly better but not as good as 12 months ago. you are talking about the legislative timetable perhaps
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allowing enough time for the prisons bill to go through. the fact is, the time has got to be found, it simply got to be found. peter clarke is talking about a tragedy potentially happening. look, there are other possibilities here. it could be some sort of executive action taken within the ministry ofjustice, to ensure there is some sort of volu nta ry ensure there is some sort of voluntary self—regulation, but we know from so many other areas of life, that can only get so far. 0ne of the key things i think to focus on, we've had threejustice secretary is in the space of a little over two years. david lidington is now appointed secretary of state forjustice. we need some stability and some safety in our prisons. i do believe that yes, we need to find time for that prison and call reform bill in some form, that at least enshrines institutes, those key things that peter clarke
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needs to be able to do his job to the best of his ability. we will leave it there, rory geoghegan, head of criminaljustice at the social justice think tank, thank you. the rate of inflation slowed unexpectedly last month, according to official figures. consumer price inflation — the rate at which the price of goods and services bought by households rise or fall — stood at 2.6% injune, down from 2.9% in may. it's the first fall since october last year, and is thought to be largely a result of lower petrol and diesel prices. 0ur economics correspondent andy verity reports. this carpet factory in kidderminster has been stepping up production to meet growing demand, with orders up 30% from one year ago. the devaluation of the pound before and after the brexit vote pushed up the cost of importing wool to make the yarn that goes into its carpets. with higher wage costs, it can't trim much from its production process. so, it moved its product upmarket, and convinced retailers it's worth paying a little bit more for its designs.
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our prices have had to go up. we've increased prices by around 2% this year. and that's been a natural consequence of increased wage costs, yarn costs and energy costs. we have had to pass that on to our customers. by and large, customers don't like price increases in a time of economic instability, i suppose, the uncertainty that we're facing at the moment. but there's also an understanding that that has to take place. the higher cost of imported raw materials caused by the drop in the pounds value is still feeding through to prices. 11 months ago, the bank of england's big fear wasn't too much inflation, but too little. and it cut interest rates to their lowest ever level. but now that's changed, there are more voices calling for interest rates to return from emergency levels back up to something more normal. the fear now is that inflation isn't temporary, and that it might become embedded. those voices will be a little quieter now that the figures have revealed some relief from rising
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inflation last month. between may and june, furniture, furnishings and carpets rose by i.6%. but recreation, everything from concerts to games and hobbies, dropped 0.1%. and fuel prices fell back on the month by i.i%. it looks as if inflation might be dampened a bit by softer fuel price growth over the next few months. but underlying price pressures from post—brexit falls in stirling are still there, and they look set to continue to push inflation up a bit further as we move towards the end of the year. for now, the pressure on the bank of england to slow inflation by raising interest rates has lessened. in the city, they're still betting a rise in interest rates will be needed, but not until next march. andy verity, bbc news, kidderminster. some breaking news coming into us from south wales. the fire service there is saying that it's actively
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searching for a casualty, after the building collapsed near a railway line. that is in cardiff. special urban rescue crews are at the scene atan urban rescue crews are at the scene at an old church. a spokesman for south wales fire service is two other casualties herself rescued. limited train services are running between cardiff and newport after services were initially suspended because of scaffolding on the track. south wales fire service said one person is being looked for, is in the middle of a collapsed welding, near a railway line in cardiff. any more and we will bring it to you when we get it. theresa may has told conservative mps to end what she called the ‘backbiting' over disagreements within the party. at a reception in the commons last night, the prime minister warned that the alternative to her in number 10 was jeremy corbyn. and, at cabinet this morning, mrs may is believed to have reminded ministers to keep their discussions private.
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0ur chief political correspondent vicki young is in westminster. it seems theresa may week some people with the jazz, has been given clea ra nce people with the jazz, has been given clearance by a lot of her backbenchers to five ministers who step out of line. she is trying to stamp what authority she still has on to her cabinet and cabinet ministers. this follows last three's cabinet meeting, various versions of that meeting appeared in the sunday newspapers, and obviously to the deep irritation of the prime minister and, as to be said, the irritation of conservative backbenchers as well. as they gathered this morning, theresa may certainly had a word with all of them, telling them it wasn't acceptable, showing them they had to show strength and unity around the country and that started around the cabinet table. a spokesman said the point is she wants to have open discussions about policy—making. she believes that better decisions are made if you can talk about them first. of course, that means they
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have two stay private, otherwise it is impossible to deal in that way. it is interesting that speaking to some conservative backbenchers who before the election had some pretty safe seats in part of england, many now philip there was a general election they could be vulnerable. they are getting quite irritated at the idea there may be others in senior positions who they say should be busy running their ministries rather than briefing the media. how long is a piece of string charisma does this suggest theresa may will survive over the summer into party conference? it is what everyone has talked about since she took the gamble that didn't pay off. she's in a weakened position. what gives her some strength is there is no obvious candidate who everyone is getting around, so that helps her. her message to backbenchers yesterday, what do you want here? do you want jeremy corbyn to be prime minister? that could be your alternative question about does focus minds and
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they are all still trying to get through to the end of this parliamentary session, which ends on thursday, i'm sure theresa may is hoping her ministers and mps will go off to some isolated holiday locations where their phones don't work. your phone better be working! we need you on this story. vicki young at westminster. this is bbc news at 5 — the headlines: the government says the safety of young people in custody is of priority. inflation is now at 2.6% — the first fall since october — but prices are still rising faster than wages the parents of an autistic boy with a rare genetic condition go to the high court to overturn an nhs block on a life—changing drug. and in sport, england are through to the final of the women's cricket world cup. they havejust the final of the women's cricket world cup. they have just beaten south africa by two wickets in the semifinal in bristol. england
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goalkeeperjoe hart has completed a loa n m ove goalkeeperjoe hart has completed a loan move to west ham from manchester city for the season. the 30—year—old was told by city boss pep guardiola he could find another club, after spending last season with italian club to reno. michael matthews has won stage 16 of the tour de france in a photo finish, as chris froome maintained the leader's yellow jersey. more on chris froome maintained the leader's yellowjersey. more on those stories after 5:30pm. back to you. doctors from great 0rmond street have met with an american doctor and charlie gard's mother to discuss the 11—month—old's condition. the meeting was set up after dr michio hirano, a professor of neurology at a new york hospital, spent more than four hours examining charlie gard and his medical records. charlie's parents are fighting for the right to take their son to the us for a therapy trial for his rare genetic condition, overseen by dr hirano. great 0rmond street say the treatment won't work and that life support should be withdrawn.
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the treatment that dr hirano has been involved in developing is called nucleoside bypass therapy. to explain more about it, i'm joined by dr bruce cohen — the director of the neurodevelopmental science centre at akron children's hospital on ohio. he's an expert in mitochondrial disease — the type of disease that charlie gard suffers from. hello, and thank you for being with us. hello, and thank you for being with us. just explain this potential treatment from dr hirano, if you can? shore. this baby has a disorder that results in the dna not replicating properly and in time it becomes depleted from the body. you need this dna to make the building blocks of the mitochondrial. in this
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child's situation, many patients, the ratio and concentration of those building blocks are just out of whack. the purpose of the nucleoside bypass therapy is to re—establish normal ratios, so dna can be made properly. ok, so what are the chances of an improvement in little charlie gard's condition, if he does get some of this treatment? in some animal models and in some humans, the use of this therapy has been helpful in establishing relatively normal mitochondria dna concentrations, and improvement of clinical symptoms. to the best of my knowledge, it has not been tested in these specific genetic defects charlie has but it has been tested in the group of general defects this
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child has. so... and it's been helpful to the degree it's been studied. the charlie's specific issue, this has not been tested, but do you believe it's worth a shot? so, what i do for my career is an deeply involved in clinical studies, using experimental therapies and the treatment of human mitochondria diseases, with the understanding that sometimes we are going to be successful and sometimes we're not going to be successful. certainly in the united states, and in my hospital, my partner hospitals around the united states, we are involved in clinical trials where sometimes we take patients that are quite ill and with their parents permission, or with their permission, or with their permission, allowed treatment. but the argument is from the doctors here in the uk, is that this kind of
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treatment would not only not work, but it would actually be painful for charlie. he would endure stress and trauma as a result of it. you are not going to know whether it will be successful until not going to know whether it will be successful u ntil after not going to know whether it will be successful until after you have done the treatment. sure. the question is, to what aspect of his mitochondria disease can be improved? we don't know. the argument is that i've seen in the press is this child's cognitive abilities are so severe that nothing short of a miracle will be hopeful for him. i don't know if that's true oi’ for him. i don't know if that's true or not true, i guess that's why dr hirano was there, to examine the child directly. the doctors at great 0rmond know what they are talking about, but i think it's one of those situations where there could be honest differences of opinion. very difficult to analyse. you haven't
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seen difficult to analyse. you haven't seen charlie's notes specifically, and as you say, this treatment hasn't been tested in the case of someone hasn't been tested in the case of someone with charlie's particular problems. but he cannot move, he cannot see, he has severe brain damage. is it possible to estimate if this treatment is successful in some way, shape or form, if this treatment is successful in some way, shape orform, how it might improve his life? so, the use of these types of medication is, i do have some limited experience, not with these nucleosides but others, it has improved seizures and cognition, but very small numbers of patients and very different diseases than charlie has, in terms of mitochondria dna depletion. the a nswer mitochondria dna depletion. the answer is, we don't know for sure. 0n the other hand, we wouldn't want to ta ke
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0n the other hand, we wouldn't want to take away a hope, if such hope exists. i'm not here to tell you whether i think charlie has a chance. i think dr hirano and the doctors at great 0rmond will probably come to a mutual decision. 0k, thank you. an interesting point to make. they could end up agreeing at the end of all of this. doctor bruce cohen, thank you forjoining us. four members of a police helicopter crew have gone on trial accused of using the aircraft to spy on people sunbathing naked, or involved in sexual activity. the case involves the south yorkshire police helicopter. it's claimed the crew spied on people on four occasions between 2007 and 2012. a fifth officer has admitted the charges of misconduct in a public office. let's speak to our correspondent danny savage, who's at sheffield crown court. it sounds like a bit of a bizarre case. fill us in on the details. the south yorkshire police
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helicopter was a familiar sight above this city and elsewhere in south yorkshire as well. the allegation is it was misused on a number of occasions over a five—year period. what are these officers and pilots accused of doing? the video evidence was shown to the court today. four videos, the first one showed a video of a woman sunbathing naked in her back garden in rotherham, the police helicopter nearby and zoomed in and took a close—up image of her body and records her sunbathing naked. the second video showed a couple of naturists sitting outside their ca rava n naturists sitting outside their caravan in doncaster. the third showed a couple having sex on the patio in their back garden. they knew they were being filmed because they knew somebody on board the helicopter. the fourth video showed another woman sunbathing naked in her garden. the prosecutor said after those videos, there was no legitimate police purpose for any of the observations being made. it was a deliberate invasion of their
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privacy, for at the very least the inappropriate amusement of the crew. 0ne inappropriate amusement of the crew. one of the victims, the woman filmed sunbathing in her garden in rotherham said she feels sick every time she thinks about what happened, and was horrified by that. some of their statements were read out in court today. four people are on trial here. two police officers, matthew lucas and lee walls, whose job was to be air observers in the helicopter at the time these incidents, and matthew loosemore and malcolm reeves. they all deny misconduct in a public office, because they blame a man called adrian pogmore, another police officer who has pleaded guilty to the charges. the tapes were found among his possession at a police station in south yorkshire in 2015, a few years after these incidents happened. he has pleaded guilty, the others blame him for what happened. 0k, thank you. danny savage there, in sheffield. the family of a seven—year—old
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autistic boy with a rare condition that puts him at risk of severe brain damage — has begun a high court challenge to an nhs decision to deny him a drug doctors say could be life—changing. nhs england says the effectiveness of the drug, which would cost 100 pounds a day, hasn't been proved. our legal correspondent clive coleman has been speaking to the boy's father. this is seven—year—old david. we can't give his real name for legal reasons. he has the rare condition pku, if his protein isn't limited to 12 gramsa pku, if his protein isn't limited to 12 grams a day, what is limited to three slices of bread, he could suffer permanent brain damage. he also has severe autism, can't talk, and so managing his diet is hugely challenging. he will sometimes run into a room if wit eating, and will literally take food off our plates. he doesn't realise that he can't have certain things. when my son
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gets upset, he really gets upset. it is physical with us, physical with his siblings and he will break things in the house. it's a meltdown, really. david's nhs co nsulta nt wa nts meltdown, really. david's nhs consultant wants him to have a drug called kuvan, which allows him to have more protein, but it costs £100 a day and nhs england has refused to fund it. at the moment parents have to jump through a series of hoops, to prove that their child's case is exceptional and the drugs are clinically cost—effective. if the challenge succeeds, the best interests of the child could be put at the centre of nhs decisions on whether to provide these expensive drugs. that could have a significant effect on nhs funding, and money isn't infinite. the service is under huge pressure. funding is being squeezed, demand for care is going up squeezed, demand for care is going up and that means the nhs is having to ta ke up and that means the nhs is having to take some really difficult decisions about what will and won't
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be funded. if a child with pku is given kuvan, it can transform their life. nine—year—old alex were struggling at school, his mum was worried. he's now been prescribed the drug for a clinical trial. his concentration has soared and he can eat the same treats as his friends. it has given alexander more concentration on so much more energy at school. now i'm like, when there isa at school. now i'm like, when there is a task, and head down and doing it. before i was like... there's an aeroplane flying outside. expensive drugs can put children with rare conditions on a level playing field with their peers. the high court could determine how many children get them. clive coleman, bbc news. we are going to look at the situation involving lemurs... no,
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we're not, straight to the weather! i want to talk about lemurs. it is hot? it has been. temperatures in the high 20s today in hampshire, dorset, in the north—west of anglesey, north—west england, western scotland as well seeing similar temperatures over 80 fahrenheit. now the focus is on storms. we have seen some storms working north woods today into south—west england and more recently a clutch coming into central england which could swing into the south—east of england and london overnight. these storms have a lot of lightning so there could be some power cuts caused by the storms. also, the amount of rain we see from them will be hit and miss in nature. some could bring us over half a month's some could bring us over half a months worth of rainfall in a few hours. as you can imagine, the risk of some localised flooding overnight and standing water on the roads to
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start my morning. the first batch of storms work north woods, and as the heat of the day built, further storms breaking out across england and wales. another hot and humid day. temperatures peaking at 32 in eastern england, making it the ninth day this summer that we have seen temperatures over 30 degrees. it has been an incredible summer so far. that is your weather. appalling conditions in youth custody centres make a tragedy inevitable, according to the chief inspector of prisons, who says he's staggered by the decline in standards in england and wales. we were unable to say that any of the young offender institutions or secure training centres that we inspect, we couldn't say that any of them were safe to hold children and young people. inflation has unexpectedly fallen to 2.6% injune. it's the first fall since october 2016, although prices continue to rise. two people have been injured and one is missing after a building collapsed near a railway line in cardiff. rescue crews are searching for a casualty in the wreckage of the old church in splott. the parents of an autistic boy
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with a rare genetic condition go to the high court to overturn an nhs block on a life—changing drug. time for the latest sports news now. leah is in the bbc sports centre. england beat south africa by two wickets in a tense semifinal to reach the final of the women's cricket world cup. england restricted south africa digested hundred 18, —— digest 218, but they lost wickets cheaply in the middle order, revived wicket stand, still needing more than 72 win. it went to the final over of the match, and she smashed it through the covers to the boundary to take england to the world cup final at lord's. england goalkeeperjoe hart has completed a loan move to west ham
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from manchester city for a season. the 30—year—old had been told by city boss pep guardiola that he could find another club after spending last season with italian side torino. there's no option to buy in the deal, and should west ham want hart next summer, they'll have to bid for him like any other club. former chelsea captain marcel desailly believesjohn terry can play football for another two seasons at least. he's 36 years old now, and after nearly two decades with the club has joined aston villa on a free transfer. desailly, who moved to stamford bridge in the same year terry made his debut, was asked how his old team—mate's future looks now he's no longer a chelsea player. very good. nobody should blame him because he's gone to another club. i think he still wanted to play football, he's still fit, you can see that in the social media. this
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tea m see that in the social media. this team will need them and he will show that he can play another two seasons. for him to retire peacefully, he has done his duty, and maybe come back as a coach, because i can see that he's very motivated to continue in this business. three—time winner chris froome is still in charge of the leader's yellow jersey at the tour de france. it took a photo finish, but stage 16 was claimed by the australian michael matthews — his second stage win. froome retains his 18—second lead over italy's fabio aru, with just five stages remaining. britain'sjohanna konta has told the bbc that she's working towards becoming world number one. the latest rankings have moved her up to four after she reached the semifinals at wimbledon where she lost to venus williams. konta is the first british woman to reach the last four of the all—england club in 39 years. interestingly, these championships this time around were where i managed to get far any grand slam,
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at home at wimbledon. i felt it did at home at wimbledon. i felt it did a reasonable job with at home at wimbledon. i felt it did a reasonablejob with my at home at wimbledon. i felt it did a reasonable job with my team and myself, almost digesting it as it went along with each match. i felt i really appreciated each day and each experience that i got, and i was very fortu nate, experience that i got, and i was very fortunate, i got such great matches and quite a few battles during this year's wimbledon. emotionally, it was an incredible experience. i got to play in front ofa experience. i got to play in front of a home crowd, who were so supportive and so leading every single point with me. which is quite overwhelming. it's quite an experience when you have thousands of people during for you in quite an intimate setting. so i think, and mostly, i did yesterday it definitely after every event, but especially if it's a slant, and you're fortunate to make the latter
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stages, i definitely enjoyed relaxing a little bit and trying to switch off. that's all sport for now. you can keep up to date with all those stories on the bbc sport website. that's i'll have more in sportsday at 6:30pm. leah, thanks for that. we can probably all think of adverts that portray women as always in the kitchen, or men failing at simple household tasks. well, now the advertising standards authority is to crack down on ads that feature stereotypical gender roles. a review carried out by the asa has suggested that such commercials have a cost — for the individual, the economy and society. here's our media correspondent, david sillito. 0ven pride, so easy a man can do it! so easy a man could do it? 0rthis? girls do ballet and of course, boys, maths, or this. the advertising standards authority is looking at tightening up its rules on how men and women are portrayed in adverts. women, don't expect any help on a thursday.
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it's going to be ok for an ad to show a woman shopping or cleaning, it's going to be ok for an ad to show a man doing the diy task in the home. what we're you going to be looking at is at that go beyond, that paint a picture that it is, for example, the woman's role to tidy up after her family, who trashed the house, that's herjob in life. we're worried about that sort of depiction. similarly, ads that might mock men for being hopelessly performing straightforward parent or household tasks just because they're a man. "look like a girl but think like a man if you want to be the boss." or this... "are you beach body ready?" the asa's concerns are about stereotypes or ads that pressurise women and men to look and act in a certain way. of course, things have changed since then he has produced this. the question is, what is the dividing line? how can such a pretty wife make such bad coffee? i heard that!
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nannette newman spent years over a washing—up bowl. at what point does that become gender stereotyping? one of the argument is that ads are too orientated towards making women products that are for cleaning, cleaning the toilet, cleaning the house, washing—up and everything, well, you know, so what, really? people can either take it in or not and so often, those women who are watching those ads, their husbands in the kitchen doing washing—up anyway. and some feel the asa is beginning to stray into politics. its primary role is to ensure advertisers and not misleading her audience. they shouldn't be making arbitrary judgments about gender stereotypes that they randomly decide they don't like. it's got nothing to do with them. and this isjust an organisation trying to put the left—wing agenda onto the free—market and it has no place there. why? a move then against the sexist ad, the challenger deciding
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what that exactly means. with me is the writer and author laurie penny and dr dimitrios tsivrikos, a consumer psychologist from university college london. thanks forjoining us. laurie, first of all, there are some and that are truly shocking. talking about standards when it comes to advertising is particularly important, because the job of an advert isn't to tell you the truth, it'sjob is to advert isn't to tell you the truth, it's job is to sell you something. 0ne it's job is to sell you something. one of the most effective ways of showing you something is shoring up stereotypes are making you feel as if they're trying to sell you beauty or make up or close, to make you feel inadequate or bad. so something makes you feel inadequate or bad and not a real girl or man, is doing its job. and that's why we need
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standards, maybe, to stop them doing thejob quite standards, maybe, to stop them doing the job quite well. is that a problem then that reinforcing the stereotypes, we actually cement certain positions within society? absolutely, we do. we learn, so gender stereotypes are not something that indulged in a unique way, we learn them. cinema we are exposed to metaphors or storylines through advertising, we internalise what is expected for men and women. we can see these are not truly equal, these are becoming the norm. but advertisers are clever people, a know what're doing, and they're having fun, aren't they, with these gender stereotypes and are poking fun at the traditional images that sometimes around men and women?m course they know exactly what they're doing, but the fact is a lot of advertising is lazy, and as you
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say, plays into one out, traditional ideas, traditional stories of what men and women's lives should be. this is the environment we all grow up this is the environment we all grow up in, and it's tent had different story told and tv. i don't think there is anything po—faced about that, let's be more creative. a lot of these ads date from the 70s and early 805. i of these ads date from the 705 and early 805. i write down a couple of the tag line5 early 805. i write down a couple of the tag lines were a couple of them. 0ne ad for polish cigarettes — low in herface, and she will love you anyway. sounds like donald trump. laurie, we ain't going there! you's one from well—known brand of vacuum cleaner. chri5tmas you's one from well—known brand of vacuum cleaner. christmas morning, she'll be happy with you. that was a while ago though! it's not as in—your—face, but you're saying it's
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still in—your—face, but you're saying it's 5till detrimental to younger people perhap5 watching 5till detrimental to younger people perha p5 watching it5? 5till detrimental to younger people perhaps watching its? a think it is. for younger people, from the age of four, you already know what advertising is and can follow it will stop we know that education cannot... from across sectors, we cannot... from across sectors, we cannot control it. younger people observe advertising, they have been exposed to the media. that is the one key part we have to address inequality and imbalance. to protect stereotypes and information that can really influence them and what they are doing. by being exposed to ten to the other, it has an influence on their well to the other, it has an influence on theirwell being. to the other, it has an influence on their well being. toys, for instance, we can see that in microeconomic terms, it can have an impact on the economy, the skills they are developing for boys or girls. laurie, is it possible to know where that line is, so wear a bit of fun and a joke doesn't cross
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over into the kind of harmful stuff that we've just been hearing about? the question with jokes like that i5, the question with jokes like that is, he's expenses it at? it can be really harmful a5 is, he's expenses it at? it can be really harmful as well, if you're talking about advert5 really harmful as well, if you're talking about adverts for cleaning product5, saying all men are dreadful at the washing—up, that is two things — it tells women, as they have heard from often a young age, men are thereby clearing, they'll have to do it themselves. it is a social problem that women 5till it themselves. it is a social problem that women still do the majority on a domestic labour. and it also tells men u5er5 uses other 5tock, it also tells men u5er5 uses other stock, which can't be nice to hear. yeah, i'm really good at this stuff, actually! finally, then, the advertising standards authority suggests it actually got in an engineering firm, got in touch with them to say that part of a problem in getting young women to come forward and the engineers was the
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betrayal — or lack — of women as engineers at the wider society? that's really true. so when you project different stereotypes, we normally see men being problem—solving, they play with toys that are about mathematics or being a scientist. whereas when it comes to women, their project is being caring and nurturing, the emotional side of someone. so we don't see them being played as engineers or ceos. so the moral actually play on the stereotypes, we manifest these key differences. we see a lot of women playing the role of an engineer, exercising the skills, then we can understand we will see a greater number of women pursuing these careers. again, we are teaching young kids what is to be expected. the role as territories is stuck in the 20s and 30s, expected. the role as territories is stuck in the 20s and 305, it is time to change and address something with policy that protect future
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generations. thank you very much for joining us. a sapphire rush on the island of madagascar is threatening the future of an iconic species of lemur. since late last year more than 40,000 miners have invaded a remote area of rainforest in east of the country. it is hard, dangerous work. the men live in squalor and rarely get rich. but the illegal mining is also happening in the home of the indri, the biggest lemur on earth, which is already critically endangered. 0ur correspondent angus crawford travelled to madagascar and sent this report. in the forests of madagascar, there isa in the forests of madagascar, there is a new sound — the sound of men working. poor men who want to get rich. they're here because of sapphires. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years. tens of thousands of people have moved here to clear the land and date forjames. 0nce
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people have moved here to clear the land and date forjames. once a virgin rainforest, felt and burned. now, look — m i nes hafts now, look — mineshafts and spoil heaps stretched across the valley. meet bruno and his sapphires. he's travelled 1000 miles, it invested all his money, for this will stop each morning, the work takes him down into the dark. the glitterati, very deep. the jobless cramps, backbreaking and dangerous. in this, one of the terrace countries on earth, that's the dream that keeps them coming — men desperate to feed their families. they dig deep to expose a
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scene of rock. keen eyes search for james. they hope for a wealth in every household. the mines are illegal, but the work goes on and checked. eating slowly into the ra i nfo rest. checked. eating slowly into the rainforest. see the damage it causes. threatening the habitat of one of the world's rarest animals, the indri lima. they spend their lives in the trees, eating leaves and fruit and breeding only once every three years. there may be as few as 2000 left in the wild. jonah isa few as 2000 left in the wild. jonah is a world authority on the indri. she's horrified by the effects of the mining. thousands of people. when people buy sapphires, they kill indri. i'm telling you, stop buying
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precious stones from a legal mining from madagascar. but houghton buyer is know? the gems go from mind to capital city, are cut and polished in backstreet workshops before being exported to dealers abroad. illegally mined sapphires and then anonymous and completely unfreeze above. —— completely untraceable. server now, the miners keep working. great riches lie beneath this soil. unique wildlife in the trees above. but how this madagascar extract one without destroying the other. this is bbc news at five. the headlines: the government says the safety of young people in custody is an absolute priority, after the chief inspector of prisons warns a tragedy is inevitable. inflation is now at 2.6% — the first fall since october — but prices are still rising
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faster than wages. the parents of an autistic boy with a rare genetic condition go to the high court to overturn an nhs block on a life—changing drug. a bbc investigation has found that only a fraction of the money donated the grenfell tower appeal has now reached survivors or relatives the people who died. just half £1 million has so far been given to families. this is the grenfell tower appeal in action. a red cross sorting centre in cheshire. donations in the green bags will be sold in red cross shops. black bags are for recycling. brand—new items will go straight back to survivors
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of the fire, or relatives of those who died. it's about turning all the different donations we've had into cash, which will then automatically go to the appeal. to appreciate the skill of donations, you had to fly through this modern warehouse and week after the waco. it's estimated tonnes of stuff was estimated. so far, they've sorted half of it. and ten tonnes has gone back victims. no amount of money is enough for the families of the loved ones who died. research of the bbc showed that several charities have now raised nearly £20 million. some question why only a small part of that has made it through. we feel that they are betraying the public's generosity, because the donated to help the people affected. it's mike there's filter, and the individuals
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are not getting the financial support. charities aid this complexity and scale of what happened here means everything takes time. the thing about this is that we learned from the 7/7 attacks in response to the manchester attacks is that it takes longer than you might think for people to come forward to seek their funding. this woman lost her left foot in the london 7/7 bombings. she received money donated by people like. you are ina money donated by people like. you are in a state of constant confusion. you can't understand what has happened, the implications for your life going forward, it's changed for ever. it took 15 months to distribute the money raised for all the victims of those attacks, like thelma. she is now at trust the old this trust, distributing millions of pounds for the grenfell appeal. so far, 16 people have
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received payments. 0riginating an old top or a tenner, people had been moved to act. challenge for charities is making sure it all benefits those who have lost so much. a leading health academic has warned that improvements in life expectancy have almost ground to a halt in england. professor sir michael marmot, from university college london, says the rate of increase — which has been rising for decades — has halved since 2010. he says it is entirely possible that austerity is affecting how long people live, but the government says its policies aren't responsible, as sara smith explains. for years, we've been getting, well, older. for a century, average life expectancy has been rising. in england, now 83 for women, 79 for men. but the author of a study at the institute of health equity says he is deeply concerned that increases are now levelled off. and that while he can't make any firm conclusions, what he describes as miserly health and social care spending could be contributing. it's entirely possible and i think it's an urgent
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that we try and sort that out, that they try and work out if it has and if it has, it is yet one more argument why we should be more generous in our social expenditure, if we want to address the quality of life of older people and if we want to address inequalities in health at all pages. historically, for every 5 years later you were born, you'd expect a year longer life span. it was 3.5 years for men. but since 2010, life expectancy has increased a year every ten years for women and every six for men. care for older people was particularly pressing, said sir michael, because of the increase in those with dementia, who would need more, not less funding. when this woman's father developed the disease, she says the family struggled to get the support they needed to have him looked after properly. by the time we started to make headway with them and they put
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together a package for us, unfortunately, for us, his condition had deteriorated so badly that he became quite sick and was admitted to hospital. people are dying in a way that they shouldn't be because of that lack of support. that needs addressing, we're in affluent country, we should be able to support people with dementia as well as we support people with cancer or heart disease, we're not doing it and it's about time we started to provide that support. but the department of health says more money is going into the nhs and social care. that life expectancy continues to rise. the duke and duchess of cambridge have been visiting a former concentration camp as they continue their tour of poland and germany. 0ur royal correspondent peter hunt reports from stutthof concentration camp. this visit will have served as a reminder for the royals and, indeed, for a wider audience about the recent, painful past of this country. william and kate came here to stutthof concentration camp. it's near gdansk,
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near the baltic sea, in what is now poland. it was opened by the nazis in 1939, it was liberated in 19115. more than 60,000 people died here, 28,000 of them werejews. william and kate were shown around the camp. they saw exhibits which highlight the appalling conditions that once existed here. and they visited and paid their respects at a jewish memorial garden. they laid stones there — the stone is an ancientjewish custom stretching back to medieval times. it shows people that someone has recently visited a grave. and a memorial prayer was recited. at this camp, and at all the other camps, so many people died, including more than 3 million polish jews. the hope is that this visit will help educate the young and ensure that the horror of the holocaust is never forgotten. peter hunt reporting from stutthof camp in poland. well, this afternoon,
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the royal couple travelled to the port of gdansk, where large crowds turned out for a street party in the central market square. the duke and duchess met local people and military officers. they also visited the city's famous shipyard, birthplace of the solidarity movement which helped end communist rule in poland. 200 years since the death of the authorjane austen, the bank of england has put her image on its new polymer £10 note. it was unveiled this afternoon at winchester cathedral, where she was buried in 1817, and will go into circulation in september. the governor of the bank of england, mark carney was there to unveil it, first off, at its core, the character. jane austen, one of the greatest novelists of all time, certainly as described by others as the mother of the great tradition of the english novel. so having her there, celebrating her works, first and foremost. secondly, actually the technology behind the note is truly impressive. it is state of the art,
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from the underlying substance, the polymer that goes into the note. the weather so hard, it feels like madagascar, where lemurs live! very good! things are changing from the bright weather, and storms are moving in. temperatures reaching 28 degrees across parts of hampshire. dorset, into hearts of anglesey, north west england and scotland — all these areas warmer than yesterday, but the storm clouds are worth keeping an eye on. there is another batch working their way across the english channel, going across the english channel, going across the english channel, going across the isle of wight into
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hampshire, may well spread into london and the south east as well. striking photographs sent in from southeast is nash —— southwest england. full lightning coming down from the clouds. the storms were dried northwards overnight. enter parts of wales, the midlands, east anglia. the amount of rain received in places will vary, but some storms will bring more than half a month's rainfall injust a will bring more than half a month's rainfall in just a space of a couple of hours. there is some localised flooding, lots of lightning associated with the storms as well, which could knock out power supplies. disruption to transport, that kind of thing, possible. standing water as the roads first thing tomorrow morning, as those storms were northwards. heavy rain into northern ireland, and then further storms in england and wales. look at these temperatures, you
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thought 28 resorts, if you get up to 32 degrees in east anglia, well it will feel particularly humid. the humidity will ease on thursday, fresh air coming humidity will ease on thursday, fresh aircoming in humidity will ease on thursday, fresh air coming in off the atlantic. that also bring a weather system, rain piling into northern ireland. wales and southwest england through the afternoon. these temperatures disappointing for the time of year, although there will be some heat leftover across east anglia and southeast england. not the greatest other outlooks over the weekend, low pressure in charge. 0ften weekend, low pressure in charge. often we will have cloudy skies. some sunny spells coming through, they may can't help but notice the risk of showers, those for friday, saturday and sunday, and fairly heavy as well. temperatures generally into the high teens, low 205 in london, but lower than average for the time of year. that's latest forecast. not a single custody centre for children and young
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people is safe, says the chief inspector of prisons. he says the decline in standards in england and wales is staggering and a tragedy is inevitable. i do fear for the future and the safety of both the young people who are held in custody and of staff unless something is done to break this circle of violence. we'll be looking at why secure accommodation for young offenders has been allowed to become so dangerous. also tonight... reduced petrol prices brings inflation down lower than expected. after g re nfell tower, a bbc investigation reveals how councils are failing to offer social housing despite a statutory duty to do so. the duke and duchess of cambridge on what they call a shattering visit to a concentration camp in poland. and the threat to the critically endangered madagascan lemur from illegal sapphire mining. this is the biggest
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