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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  July 18, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten: there's a stark warning from the chief inspector of prisons that not a single youth custody centre in england and wales is safe. he says staffing levels are too low to keep order. campaigners believe conditions in some institutions are dangerous for young people. they are more afraid to be inside the prison than outside, because of the gang rivalry within the prison, and they feel they're not protected enough inside the prison. the chief inspector says conditions are so terrible, a tragedy is inevitable, and he attacks the state of most men's jails too. also tonight... president trump says he'll just let obamacare fail, after the collapse of his latest attempt to repeal and replace the legislation. heavy rain has caused serious flash flooding in parts of cornwall. the madagascan lemur, already endangered, faces a new threat from illegal sapphire mining. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years. tens of thousands of people
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have moved here to clear the land and dig for gems. and england's women cricketers are celebrating, after reaching the final of the world cup. and coming up in sportsday on bbc news: england are through to the final of the women's cricket world cup. good evening. every single youth custody centre in england and wales has been described as "unsafe". in the latest report from the chief inspector of prisons, peter clarke warns that tragedy is "inevitable" and the decline in standards is "staggering".
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he attacks the conditions of men's prisons too, saying he was often appalled by how inmates had to live. in response, the government says it acknowledges the issues raised and plans to boost the number of frontline staff to address some of the challenges. our home affairs correspondent, june kelly, has the details. medway secure training centre in kent, a place where young offenders are held and hopefully rehabilitated. 18 months ago an undercover investigation by bbc panorama shone a light on daily life in medway. teenage inmates were seen being mistreated and abused. a number of staff were sacked and the police launch aid criminal investigation. —— launched a criminal investigation. medway, then run by gas is now the responsibility of the prison and probation service. but it's still struggling. only last
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month, inspectors denounced it as inadequate and it's not alone, according to today's damning report by the prison watchdog, which says: the chief inspector of prisons says he was so alarmed that he alerted ministers earlier this year. violence giving rise to repressive regimes, more discipline, longer being locked in cells. i've seen children being held in cells for 22 hours a day. not eating any of their meals in association with other children. when inspectors went into feltham young offenders institution in west london they found that violence was so acute that the site was unsafe for staff and boys. jennifer blake, who runs an anti—gang charity was in feltham last month. their toilet system is
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overflowing. the stench in there. the fact that they're more afraid to be inside the prison more than outside, because of the gang rivalry with inside the prison. she began offending when she was 13 and spend 20 years involved in knife crime, drugs and robbery. through my own life experience, i know that i wasn't stopped and i went down the wrong path. so if these young people are not stopped, they will take it through to their adulthood. they will continue re—offending. through to their adulthood. they will continue re-offending. the ministry ofjustice said no minister was available for interview and in a statement, it said: a year ayearago, a year ago, bbc news reports from wandsworth prison gave us the inside view of life on the wings. with prisoners self—harming, and open drug abuse. when it comes to adult jails, today's report warns that the
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system jails, today's report warns that the syste m ca n jails, today's report warns that the system can only be reformed if there's less violence, fewer drugs and more time spent out of cells. and all these require extra staff. what's striking about the chief inspector's report is the language, it's stark, it's uncompromising, it's stark, it's uncompromising, it's terribly bleak. that's right. . the ministry ofjustice is trying to recruit staff for jails in the ministry ofjustice is trying to recruit staff forjails in england and wales and there are plans for more staff in young offender institutions, these are the institutions which house offenders between the ages of 13 and 18. so young teenagers right the way up to adulthood. now peter clarke is saying that's fine, but it's not just about staff. it's also about the situation in some of these jails. he says that basically the situation is just jails. he says that basically the situation isjust grim jails. he says that basically the situation is just grim and they are squalid. that includes the young offender institutions. now the ministry ofjustice is saying it's
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created a youth custody service. it says this is a sign of how committed it is to try to tackle this problem. peter clarke is saying in response, well, that's fine and these initiatives are fine, but really, what is important are the practicalities that flow from these initiatives. he and his colleagues produce these reports on adult prisons and young offender institutions. the people involved read them, acknowledge the criticisms and nod and they thinks change is going to come and then change is going to come and then change doesn't come. he is saying it's all very well having all these, sort of, suggestions for change, but if they're not acted upon, its all a bit futile. as we've already reported, he is saying that in the young offender institutions, if something isn't done, he fears there will be a tragedy. june, many thanks. it was a key election pledge for donald trump, the repeal and replacement of america's affordable care act, more commonly known as obamacare. but a fresh attempt to deliver on that promise has just failed, representing a major setback for the white house. voicing his disappointment,
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the president now says he's willing to simply let obamacare fail. our new york correspondent, nick bryant, reports. few cities paid more attention to the health care debate than donald trump's hometown where one in five new yorkers stood to lose their coverage had obamacare been repealed. you're going to repeal something that millions of americans need. ijust laughed. donna leslie suffers from asthma, sleep apnoea and an injured knee. she is delighted the republicans failed to dismantle obamacare, her life would be unbearable without it. you take it away, oh, i could not imagine the disaster that would be. kentucky, a trump stronghold was once seen as a success story of obamacare because it brought about such a sharp drop in the number of people without health insurance. but insurance companies here have been pulling out of the health marketplace that obamacare created
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partly because of the uncertainty about its future. in some states the system is in danger of collapse and this doctor is fed up with the politics. other countries have done it, they set the ground work for us, we won't be a pioneer but we can take what they have done and use it and build it to make it the best programme in the world. that is why the united states is as strong as it is, we have taken things and made them better. why can't we take health care and make it better instead of fighting over it? back in the spring, donald trump presented himself as the maestro when the house of representatives voted to repeal and replace obamacare. this is a repeal and replace of obamacare, make no mistake about it. but the fist pumps and hugs were premature, divisions between right—wing and moderate republicans meant he could not get the measure through the senate. and so today a stony faced president tried to distance himself from this embarrassing defeat. we will let obamacare fail, we are not going to own it,
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i can tell you the republicans are not going to own it. we will let obamacare fail and the democrats will come to us and say how do we fix it or how do we come up with a new plan? this debacle says a lot about the health of american democracy and the paralysis of the body politic. for much of the obama administration, it was because of divided government, the democrats had the white house, the republicans blocked them on capitol hill but now the republicans control the white house, the senate, the house of representatives. it was their disunity which led to this failure. donald trump claimed it would take an outsider to fix america's broken politics. but six months into his presidency, he can't yet claim a landmark legislative success. heavy rain has caused serious flash flooding at coverack on the lizard peninsula in cornwall. the fire brigade has been rescuing people from their homes, and a coastguard helicopter has
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airlifted some to safety. our correspondent, jon kay, is in coverack and sent us this report. summer 2017 and an emergency rescue in cornwall, villagerers winched from their rooftops as the rain came down. hail, wind, thunder and lightning, then three hours of torrential rain. coverack couldn't cope. roads became rivers. it raced down the hills into the harbour, carrying tons of rocks and debris. the water was gushing across the road. there were standing waves. you couldn't physically drive through it. theresa told me she was on her way home from the shops when she found herself stuck in this. she was there for hours. it took eight
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burly firemen or whatever to corral you through the water and rubble and everything that's round there and then literally dragged through a hedge to safety. roads down to the harbour have been so badly damaged, it's impossible for some people to reach their homes tonight. around 50 properties have been affected.” properties have been affectedlj can't properties have been affected.” can't believe it. i mean, the amount of water going down is far in excess i've ever seen in my life before. how long have you lived here?‘ yea rs. how long have you lived here?‘ years. one of the most perilous rescues involved a double—decker bus. the driver and his schoolboy passenger stuck for three hours before being freed. he told me it was a frightening experience. huge bolders came and pummelled the back of the bus. some even the size of the wheels. the authorities say amazingly nobody seems to have suffered major injuries. but it will be tomorrow before the worst of the damage can be reached and assessed. coastguard and fire crews are still
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working here tonight. they're likely to be here for several hours to come. what struck me coming down the lizard peninsula this afternoon was just how localised this was. you could see na —— see not a puddle up there. but mayhem for a few hours here. people said it reminded them of the boscastle bloods more than a decade ago. fortunately it hasn't been near as devastating as that incident. jon kay there in cornwall. the aftermath of the grenfell tower disaster last month revealed deep social inequalities in the borough of kensington & chelsea, especially around affordable housing. most councils have a statutory duty to offer half of accommodation in all new large building projects as social housing. bbc news has found
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that the council, kensington & chelsea, agreed developers last year could give them nearly £50 million instead of building the required social housing. michael buchanan reports. a rarely seen view of one of britain's richest areas, but kensington and chelsea, like everywhere else, does have social housing, just not enough of it. kalpesh shukla is currently living in a local hostel, desperate for a home. i've tried to get a house for two years. it's just impossible really to just to try to get any sort of housing. i've tried so many times, and theyjust won't listen to you. theyjust say, there's nothing for you and theyjust can't help me. they won't even get me on the housing list. just minutes away, a huge new development in knightsbridge that kalpesh will never live in. there'll be shops, offices and luxury flats given the size of the build, council rules say half the homes should be affordable,
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but the architects say the flats were too big, the service charge would be too expensive. so kensington and chelsea council allowed the developers to pay them £12 million, which they should now spend on affordable homes. research for the bbc shows that in 2016, kensington and chelsea agreed to take nearly £a7.5 million from developers in such deals. of the money property companies have paid them, more than £9 million remains unspent. however, just 336 affordable homes were built in the area over five years. in one year, just four were actually added. we're exporting the poor population... the leader of the labour group of the council is appalled. one of the great things about living in london is that you do have a balanced population and i do think we have a duty not to produce the prettiest ghost town in western europe. our first loyalty should be to maintaining and strengthening our
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communities, and we've fallen down on that job terribly. kensington and chelsea told us they're struggling to provide affordable homes, due to being a small, densely packed area with limited sites and high land values. they say they do what they can, sometimes pushing developers to give more. but ultimately, they say they have limited capacity to provide housing. average house prices around here are more than £1 million. despite that, the council has a target of building 200 affordable homes each year. developers, however, seem increasingly keen to ignore such goals. kensington and chelsea is an inner borough and also has some relatively high land values. therefore, there's more likelihood of developers wanting to build entirely private schemes and give the payment to the council in lieu of affordable housing coming through as part of the new—build application. lots of english councils take money from developers instead of forcing them to build affordable homes,
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but in kensington and chelsea, many luxury flats lie empty, it's the only london borough with a falling population. striking such deals can make sense, but only if the money is then properly used. michael buchanan, bbc news, west london. let's take a look at some of the day's other top stories: downing street has suggested ministers are unlikely to make a decision on annual pay awards for the police and prison officers until september. it's widely believed the pay review bodies for both services will recommend increases above the 1% cap. new research suggests rising life expectancy rates are grinding to a halt in england after more than 100 years of continuous progress. sir michael marmot of university college london, who carried out the study, says he's "deeply concerned" and it was a "matter of urgency" to find out what was causing the trend. four police helicopter crew members in south yorkshire,
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have gone on trial accused of using the aircraft to spy on people, some sunbathing naked or having sex. two officers and two pilots deny the charges, which relate to alleged incidents between 2007 and 2012. a fifth man pleaded guilty to misconduct in public office. a new £10 note has been unveiled featuring a portrait of jane austen. the bank of england revealed the design on the 200th anniversary of the author's death. the new polymer note will go into circulation in september. tomorrow, the bbc will publish its annual report which, for the first time, will include details of how much the corporation pays its stars. the government has forced the disclosure, which will affect presenters on salaries of more than £150,000. the bbc already publishes full details of executive pay and expenses. our media editor, amol rajan, reports. they have broadcast to the nation on
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a regular basis, presenting shows that still command an audience of millions. tomorrow, for the first time, we get a clear indication of how much they are paid. the bbc‘s annual report will include the salaries of all broadcasters paid over £150,000 by the bbc. a result of tense negotiations over its royal charter agreement. tony hall, the direct general of the bbc, was against the move. i don't think it's right that we should have names against salaries for stars for presenters and others. i believe that would be inflationary, which i think would be bad for licence fee payers and a poacher‘s charter. we put the argument out there. we lost that. we are managing a situation which we didn't want, but we will do. isn't it quite embarrassing in this list that comes out tomorrow, two—thirds of those paid over £150,000 whose salaries we find out
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about are men? my real ambition when icame about are men? my real ambition when i came back to the bbc was to get to a position by 2020 where we have equality between men and women on the screen and on the radio. over the screen and on the radio. over the last three years of the new people we've either promoted or put on our screen 01’ people we've either promoted or put on our screen or radios, 63% are women. is this progress enough? it's absolutely not. critics of the bbc add transparency can flash out waste and the public have a right to know how their money is being spent. and the public have a right to know how their money is being spentm can identify areas where there is fat left to trim and inform priorities whether they should be competing in the marketplace for other providers for certain programmes ordeal with factual broadcasting. tomorrow will be an uncomfortable day for all bbc casters who will have to defend their salaries in public. it will be
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for the licence fee payers to determine whether or not they are value—for—money. amol rajan, bbc news. lemurs are unique to madagascar, but illegal sapphire mining on the island is threatening the largest of the species, the indri. since late last year, more than a0,000 miners have gone to a remote area of rainforest in the east of the country, hoping to get rich. but the habitat of the indri, which is already critically endangered, is being destroyed. angus crawford reports now from madagascar. in the forests of madagascar there's a new sound, the sound of men working, poor men who want to get rich. they're here because of sapphires. this is the biggest rush in madagascar for more than 20 years. tens of thousands of people have moved here to clear the land and dig for gems. once virgin rainforest, felled and burned. now look, mine shafts and spoil heaps stretch across the valley.
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meet bruno and his sapphires. he's travelled 1,000 miles, invested all his money, for this. each morning the work takes him down into the dark. the pits are deep, very deep. thejob is cramped, back breaking and dangerous. in this, one of the poorest countries on earth, that's the dream that keeps them coming, men desperate to feed theirfamilies. see the damage it causes, threatening the habitat of one
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of the world's rarest animals, the indri lemur. can you hear that? that's the sound of indri singing. they're on that side of the valley and they're singing across to the indri this side. they're known as babakoto here. they're critically endangered and they only live in a very small area of madagascar. they can't survive in captivity, so when they're gone from here, they're gone for good. they spend their lives in the trees, eating leaves and fruit and breeding only once every three years. there may be as few as 2,000 left in the wild. jonah ratsimbazafy is a world authority on the indri, he's horrified by the effects of the mining. thousands of people. so today i'm telling you, stop buying precious stones
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from illegal mining from madagascar. but how can buyers know, the gems go from mine to capital city, are cut and polished in back street workshops before being exported to dealers abroad. illegally mined sapphires are then anonymous and completely untraceable. so, for now, the miners keep working. great riches lie beneath this soil, unique wildlife in the trees above, but how does madagascar extract one without destroying the other. angus crawford, bbc news, madagascar. there's been an unexpected fall in inflation. the rate, as measured by the consumer prices index, was 2.6% injune, compared with 2.9% in may. the drop is partly due to a fall in fuel prices, but some economists believe it's just a blip, saying inflation is likely to rise again. here's our economics correspondent, andy verity.
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we're used to petrol being the motor of inflation, but last month it dragged it down. between may and june, the cost of fuel dropped by more than a percentage point and instead of edging higher, as many expected, inflation generally fell back from 2.9% to 2.6%. one of the biggest elements that held inflation down was culture and recreation, everything from theatre tickets, to sports tickets, to video streaming on the internet and another big downward pressure came from these, cheaper tablet computers. this afternoon, the governor of the bank of england gave his reaction to the figures. i think the first thing is, one doesn't want to put too much weight on any specific data point. the bigger picture remains the same. the reason why inflation is above the 2% target is because of the depreciation in the pound following the referendum or associated with the referendum, and that's a judgement of the market. we'll see in the fullness of time whether that judgment is right, but it's the judgment of the market about the relative incomes in this country as a consequence of those
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decisions over the medium term. this carpet factory in kidderminster is an example of a growing business dealing with that weaker pound. it means it has to pay more than it once did to buy the yarn that goes into its carpets from abroad. it's adapted to that and more of its yarn now comes from british sheep. that's helped it to trim its costs and keep its price rises contained. our prices have had to go up. we've increased prices by around 2% this year and that's been a natural consequence of increased wage costs, yarn costs and energy costs. we have had to pass that on to our customers. while inflation is lower than last month, prices are still rising faster than the average worker's pay. the squeeze on living standards isn't over yet. it looks as if inflation might be dampened a bit by softer fuel price growth over the next few months, but underlying price pressures from post—brexit falls in sterling are still there and they look set
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to continue to push inflation up a bit further as we move to the end of the year. for now, the pressure on the bank of england to tame inflation by raising interest rates sooner rather than later has eased. in the city, they are still betting a rise in interest rates will be needed, but not until next march. andy verity, bbc news. the duke and duchess of cambridge have described as "shattering" their visit to a former concentration camp, as part of their five day tour of poland and germany. the royal couple met holocaust survivors at stutthof, near gdansk, where 65,000 people were murdered in world war ii. our royal correspondent, peter hunt, has more. poland, a country with a troubled past, provides presidential style security for visiting royal dignitaries that leaves little to chance. part of that past is captured here at stutthof, a concentration camp, turned museum, with evil on display,
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the shoes of those murders. it's an education for all visitors. with two survivors, tens of thousands perished, the duke and the duchess paid their respects at the camps jewish memorial and reflected. "what the nazis did", william and kate wrote later, "was a terrible reminder of the cost of war." they described their visit as "shattering." in what was a friendless, soulless place, as teenagers, manfred and zigi, formed a friendship for life. they walked out of these death gates, in the ‘a0s, alive, against the odds. this was the only camp i thought i was going to die because it wasn't only from sickness or starvation, but also the weather. in november here, well below
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zero it was and we were wearing stripped pyjamas. that's what we had. it was an extremely emotional event for me. in 70 plus years, since our liberation, i have never set foot either in germany or poland, i put all that behind me. at this brutal camp and at the others, so many people died, including three million polishjews. the hope is that this royal visit will help to educate the young and ensure that the horrors of the holocaust are never forgotten. william and kate's introduction to polish history continued when they met lech walesa, the retired shipyard worker and former president. with the solidarity trade union movement, he played a part in the downfall of communism. this has been an enlightening day that will linger long in royal memories. peter hunt, bbc news, gdansk. the england women's cricket team has reached the final of the world cup.
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they beat south africa in bristol and will now take on either the defending champions, australia or india, at lord's in sunday's final. patrick gearey reports. this is where england wanted to be — bristol, one game from their own world cup final. it went in a blur, that's the speed sarah taylor works at. few could even see this stumping, let alone pull it off. no wonder the umpire needed the replay. south africa's recovery was led by a batter who wants to be a doctor, laura wolvaardt, perspective medical student, dissected the field. she made 66. heather knight called for the ball. england's captain has her own emoji apparently, wolvaardt gone to her second ball — smiley face. england felt they had south africa where they wanted them. set 219 to reach the world cup final, taylor began to pick up the pace. she passed 50, but then she was called for a run even she couldn't reach. all that had been solid crumbled, knight, sciver, brunt all went.
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into the final over, three runs to win, two from four balls, laura marsh couldn't get them, who could ? indeed, who could look, anya shrubsole couldn't see the fuss. first ball, world cup final. it's about getting over the line. it doesn't matter if it's it's about getting over the line. it doesn't matter if its ugly at times, which it essentially was in that game. are you over the line and in a world cup final. well, what a game, anyone who saw it won't forget it in a hurry and plenty more will see sunday's final against either india or australia, that match will be sold—out and, if it's anything like this one, don't take your eyes off. patrick gearey, bbc news, in bristol. that's it. newsnight is coming up on bbc two. here's evan davies.

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