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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  July 20, 2017 1:00pm-1:31pm BST

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after four days of negotiations, brussels and the uk still have "fundamental" disagreements over citizens‘ rights. the eu's chief negotiator says there must be "clarification" of britain's position on a number of issues. by way of conclusion, the first round was about organisation, this week has been about presentation, the third round must be about clarification. brexit secretary david davis said the talks had been "robust" but there was a lot to be "positive" about. we've conducted this round constructively and at pace, and i hope this is a model we can continue going forward. to coin a phrase, michelle, the clock is ticking. we'll have the latest, and look at why britain is being asked to pay billions in a divorce bill. also this lunchtime: one in three cases of dementia could be prevented if people look after their brain throughout their life, according to new research. there's been a 10% rise in recorded crime in england and wales — the largest annual rise
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for a decade. members of donald trump's inner circle will be questioned by the two us congressional committees investigating allegations of russian interference in last year's election. and the eyes have it — the bank offering customers a new way to access their accounts. and coming up in the sport on bbc news: welshman stuart manley is one of the british pace—setters on the first morning of the open, played out in very british conditions at royal birkdale. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. after four days of brexit talks, the eu's chief negotiator has said there are still fundamental
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disagreements between the eu and the uk about citizens‘ rights, and that clarification is needed from britain on a number of important issues, including the exit bill. however, michel barnier said there had been some areas of agreement about how britons living abroad, and eu nationals living in this country, should be treated once britain has left the eu. with the latest on the negotiations, here's andy moore. brexit secretary david davis looked happy enough this morning as he came back to brussels to lead the british side one day four of these negotiations. behind the scenes, 98 british officials have been going through the detail in talks that we re through the detail in talks that were supposed to be about the substance of brexit. there were three main topics of discussion, the rights of citizens, both eu citizens living in the uk and britons living
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in the eu. the financial so—called divorce bill britain will have to pgy- divorce bill britain will have to pay. and then there is the question of the irish border, a new frontier between the eu and uk. the message from the eu's chief negotiator was that he was still unsure about precisely what the uk position was on many issues. transmission macro we require this clarification on financial settlement of citizens rights, an island, with the two key points of the common travel area and the good friday agreement, and on the good friday agreement, and on the other separation issues. michel barnier said there was fundamental diversions on certain issues. david davis said the talks had been robust but constructive, and he admitted there was a lot left to talk about. all in all the second round of negotiations has given us a look to be positive about, and it highlighted the need sides to demonstrate a dynamic and flexible approach. we conducted this round
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constructively and at pace and i hope this will continue. to coin a phrase, the clock is ticking. the negotiations began on monday. even then, there were fears in europe that what was seen as a divided cabinet in london might make britain's position unclear. what the eu is finding frustrating is that they are not sure what the uk government wants, and that there is no coherent strategy or vision coming from the uk of what the uk, ata coming from the uk of what the uk, at a political level, once the relationship to look like afterwards. the next round of talks is due to begin at the end of august. there are difficulties to come, most clearly over the eu insistence that the european court ofjustice should oversee the right ofjustice should oversee the right of eu citizens in the uk. so far at least, that has been a red line for britain. on the thorny question of the divorce bill, michel barnier said an orderly exit required britain to settle its bill. david
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davis said britain recognised its rights and responsibilities. in a moment, we'll be speaking to iain watson in westminster, but first to christian fraser in brussels. clearly, a number of sticking point as far as the eu is concerned. what are some of the real key areas of concern? i think anybody watching this would see that there is a warm relation between these two men, but a difference in tone. david davis upbeat today, saying they had looked at the key issues and found areas of agreement and also areas of disagreement as for michel barnier, you could detect a hint of frustration, largely when it comes to the financial settlement. they wa nt to to the financial settlement. they want to see the uk's handful but the uk side that made it clear throughout this week that they need see some proper numbers from the eu side, and michel barnier said in this press conference today that they have provided a detailed legal analysis of what is owed. that will
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form part of the negotiation, you'd expect, in round three. the really tricky issue comes down to citizens' rights, and they uphold the rights of european citizens that are currently in the uk? this is where besides diverged. there is a red line for theresa may on the ec] playing a future role, the european court ofjustice. for michel barnier‘s perspective, if you are going to keep the same rights, it has to be eu case law which prevails, and it is the court which produced that case law, the european court ofjustice, which he thinks should havejurisdiction court ofjustice, which he thinks should have jurisdiction over those 3 million people in the uk. there is an interesting question from the daily telegraph, saying, michel barnier, can you give us an example where an outside court has jurisdiction in a sovereign country? he found that difficult answer. let's go to iain watson at westminster. david davis using the word robust. what is your reading of how this is going from the british
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perspective? i think robust on both sides. was interesting that michel barnier time and again asked for clarification on the british position, not just clarification on the british position, notjust on the so—called divorce bill but the irish border as well. effectively, the accusation was that britain was unprepared for these negotiations. if you remember that photograph at the beginning of the week, david davis turning up to negotiations without any papers, that hugely irritated him and he felt it gave a misleading impression of how britain is handling this. there were 96 officials there negotiating. although it is quite easy to outnumber the eu officials, i think easy to outnumber the eu officials, ithink any easy to outnumber the eu officials, i think any football fan will tell you, you can pack as many players into the fence as you like, but nifty footwork can get round it. dashing into defence. there is a lack of clarity as michel barnier would see it but it is a good political reason for that at this stage. britain wanted the eu to show their hand first, but don't forget we've got the repeal bill going back to parliament in september. if david
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davis was talking about a figure of how much he thought we ought to be paying the eu in order to leave, he might be facing a rebellion in his own ranks, just as sensitive negotiations resume in brussels. so i think he is keen to avoid that. it's notable that, on the one that both sides agree is a priority for these negotiations, eu citizens' rights, on some fundamental points, they are still pretty far apart. one of the key sticking points in the brexit negotiations is the size of what's been called the divorce bill that the european union wants the uk to pay upon leaving. some eu leaders have indicated it could be as high as £88 billion, and they say no trade deal can be struck until the sum is agreed. our diplomatic correspondent, james robbins, has been looking at some of the issues, including why there's a bill to pay in the first place. no nation state has ever left the european union before, so think of this as the first divorce in history. how on earth do you calculate a possible bill to be paid? the british government did concede last week
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that there would be debts to settle. there was a statement to parliament last thursday that the uk has financial "obligations" from its eu membership, which may have soothed a row with europe's chief negotiator, after the foreign secretary, borisjohnson, said brussels should "go whistle" for the money. the sums that i have seen that they propose to demand from this country seem to me to be extortionate and i think to go whistle is an entirely appropriate expression. i'm not hearing any whistling, just the clock ticking. so how much does the eu want? the eu's chief negotiator has never put a number on the uk's exit bill, but unofficial estimates have ranged widely, from £18 billion to about £88 billion, or 100 billion euros. so how could that break down? what did the eu suggest the uk's obligations are? the largest could be for eu road,
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rail and other infrastructure projects the uk committed to. then there are commitments to investment projects in less developed regions, in rural areas and for fisheries. and will britain have to pay a share of other long term obligations, including pensions for eu staff who are british? this is not a complete list, and all of it will be vigorously disputed from both sides of the table. if the british side is tough, expect at least equal toughness on the eu side. this is about money, after all. let's take a look at the timeline for the divorce negotiations. three rounds of brexit talks are scheduled for august, september and october. then, in late october, at a summit in brussels, eu leaders will assess progress on the divorce issues. the eu side says it's only after theyjudge enough progress has been made — including on money — that they will allow formal discussion to begin on britain's post—brexit relations with the eu — including, crucially, trade. the reality in all of this
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is there is no precedent to rely on. expect little or no clarity until everything is finally settled, assuming that's even possible. new research suggests one in three cases of dementia could be prevented if more of us looked after the health of our brain throughout life. an international study, published in the lancet, lists nine key risk factors, including a lack of education, smoking, hearing loss and physical inactivity. our medical correspondent, fergus walsh, reports. now there is another reason to stay active. keeping fit can reduce your risk of getting dementia as well as protect against heart disease and cancer. she speaks spanish. keeping the mind active throughout life, like with this spanish class, helps to build what the study calls cognitive reserve, strengthening the brain so that it can function
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in later life despite damage. it's not surprising to me that learning a language will help, because there's a lot of memory recall, and it's keeping everything firing, which you tend to stop doing when you're stopping studying. learning anything, especially language, possibly, would give somebody who might be worried about alzheimer's, an opportunity to test their synapses. the main risk for dementia is old age. but the lancet study says that 35% of all cases could potentially be prevented if nine other factors were addressed. they are — lack of education, hearing loss, smoking, depression, social isolation, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes. it's never too early, so starting off with education as a child and secondary school. and then, throughout your adult life, having an enriched environment where you socialise and exercise
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and do cognitively stimulating things, that all does it. so do that. and don't smoke, try not to be obese, try to be active. these things can really make a difference. hobbies like dancing and notjust good exercise, they prevent people from being cut off from their community. social isolation is not good for your brain, and actually trying to maintain social networks keep your brain active, whether that's doing a crossword puzzle, learning to dance or higher education later in life, we don't think it particularly matters, it's about keeping your brain active and healthy. alzheimer's disease accounts for about two thirds of dementia cases. there is still no drug that can slow its progress. the alzheimer's society says dementia is set to be the 21st—century‘s biggest killer. and we all need to be aware
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of the risks and start making positive lifestyle changes. there was a 10% rise in recorded crime in england and wales in the year to march, with nearly 5 million reported offences. the figures come from the office for national statistics, as it emerged that the number of police officers is at its lowest level in more than 30 years. our home affairs correspondent, danny shaw, is with me. danny, what is really significant in these figures? these figures on crimes recorded by police show that, in almost every category, offending is going up, so for example we are seeing, in terms of violence, that is up i8%. also seeing knife crime is up i8%. also seeing knife crime is up i8%. also seeing knife crime is up 20%, and even traditional types of crime, as car crime, there is an increase of ii%. other types
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of traditional crime that we thought we re of traditional crime that we thought were going down, which had been going on for a long time, burglary has shown an increase of 3%. fraud is on the increase as well. so some worrying figures, i think, for the home office and all of us. and how much of this, as always, is down to a genuine increase, as far as we can tell, and how much is people being more willing to report, or the way into our recorded ? more willing to report, or the way into our recorded? there is no doubt that some of the increase is due to people coming forward and reporting more offending, sexual offences, domestic violence for example. some of it is due to changes in the way that police record crimes. they have improved the way they process the data. but the experts are also saying there are genuine increases it. for example, the homicide figures, cases of murder and manslaughter, they are not figures that can be fiddled or manipulated. they are showing big increase and they are at the highest level for
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eight years. we are seeing across the board a sustained and genuine increase in crime. two us congressional committees investigating allegations of russian interference in last year's presidential election are to question members of donald trump's inner circle. his eldest son, donald junior, and former campaign manager, paul manafort, will appear next wednesday. his son—in—law, jared kushner, will face questions on monday. our correspondent gary o'donoghue is in washington. is this all adding up to another very difficult week for donald trump? yes, it keeps russia firmly on the front pages, where it's been really pretty much for six months for the president. his son—in—law, jared kushner, a key white house counsel, senior member of the inner circle where, he'll be questioned in private by one of the committees upon the hill, so we won't necessarily hear what comes out of that, unless some of the senators
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start talking. they'll want to talk to him particularly about this meeting come of this now famous, infamous meeting last year, with a russian lawyer, who was supposedly offering some dirt on hillary clinton. turned out not to be useful, apparently, they want to ask him about that. they also want to ask about allegations that he trying to set up a kind of back channel to russia, the the kremlin, during the transition before donald trump became president, using russian equipment because he didn't trust, or because the trump team didn't trust the american intelligence services. and also they'll want to talk to him i'm sure about his meetings with various russian banks around the same time as well. so there's an awful lot to deal with there's an awful lot to deal with there for the trump family. gary o'donoghue, thanks, in washington. our top story this lunchtime: after four days of negotiations, brussels and the uk still have "fundamental" disagreements
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about citizens' rights. and still to come: ian poulter helps —— heads up the leaderboard at royal birkdale on day one of the golf open. we'll have the latest. coming up in sport: alvaro morata arrives in london to complete his move to chelsea from real madrid. the spain international will cost around £60 million, making him the second biggest deal of the summer so far. ten years ago, torrential summer downpours left large parts of the country underwater, as the rain was followed by widespread flooding. thousands of people had to leave their homes. our correspondent phil mackie has returned to some of the worst affected areas, and joins me from upton—upon—severn in worcestershire. yes, i don't think anybody who lived through it will remember, will ever
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forget, sorry, july 20 2007. it was a day where people got separated from theirfamilies, a day where people got separated from their families, got stranded, couldn't get home, they lost their cars, their property of their homes. look at upton today, a pretty picture. it's gearing up for the annual blues festival. really, if you take it back ten years, things looked very different. it was a day that no one who lived through it will ever forget. the ground was already saturated and itjust didn't stop raining. every ditch, brook, stream and road was flooded for 30 miles in every direction. people couldn't get home. families were split up and the emergency services were stretched to breaking point. we had every single resource we have across 27 fire stations and at that time 43 fire engines — every single resource was deployed. i was sort of thinking to myself and i know the other senior officers was that's it, we've not got anything else to give out. everything we had was out on the ground. every officer, every fire engine, every firefighter, was out doing something in regards to flooding. all along the severn, towns and villages were cut off. 10,000 homes and businesses
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were inundated. i've come a couple of miles down the river from upton, to one of the many, many places that was flooded that day. this is the village of uckinghall and i remember coming to this house. it was flooded up to those first—floor windows and for a time you could only get into the village by boat. even though they were used to flooding, that day was exceptional. now it's protected by flood barriers. but ten years ago, it wasn't. we got caught out — it was just too quick. it was an extreme event that happened before, but not in our living memories, you might say. in upton—upon—severn, temporary flood barriers were stuck elsewhere and its historic waterfront went underwater. now the town has permanent defences. we're light years ahead from where we were in 2007 and it isn't just the flood defences, it's the way we plan, it's the way we work with the met office now in terms of looking at weather forecasts well in advance,
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the way we work with professional partners like police, fire and local authorities. and the way we issue flood warnings. they've all come on so much since 2007. the town is now much better protected, but the events of a decade ago won't be easily forgotten. you know what, the river level at the moment is especially low, ironically, ten years on. ten new yea rs ironically, ten years on. ten new years ago it was five metres higher thanit years ago it was five metres higher than it is now. the caravans you can see from the shot now were com pletely see from the shot now were completely thrown about by the water. everything in this shot was under water at the time. in fact, they had to redraw the flood maps as a result of those 2007 floods. it affected businesses for a long time. luckily with all the festivals that ta ke luckily with all the festivals that take place in places like this, they are well on the road to recovery. thank you, phil mackie. the amount parents pay for holiday childcare in britain has risen to an average of £124 a week. that's according to the family and childcare trust, which has also found that there's a lack of places in many
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parts of the country. as part of our day of bbc coverage, who cares, sean farrington has been finding out how families are coping this summer. it is now holiday time for these kids. no more classes and a bit more fun. but for many parents out there, the big game for the coming weeks will be juggling who looks after their children while they head off to work. it is still worth me working and building my career and building my business, definitely, but it is a significant cost. the amount parents pay for holiday childcare in britain has risen it's my choice to work, but my child care costs are as much as my mortgage every month. the costs are rising. the family and childcare trust say prices are on average up 4% on last year. that works out at around £124 a week during the holidays. the charity is also worried about the lack of availability of childcare in some areas. only one in four local areas in england have enough childcare
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for working parents, and we'll see that some groups are particularly hard hit, there are particular shortages. so only one in eight local areas have enough childcare for disabled children, and there are also big shortages for 12 to 14—year—olds. the government say they are doing more than ever before in this area, extending free childcare for three and four—year—olds, rolling out a tax—free scheme. while some businesses are taking matters into their own hands and making life a little easier for working parents. at this tech company, parents are allowed to bring their kids into the office and use the creche to help them navigate some of their childcare challenges. it's really about the well—being side of yuor employees and making sure that is looked after, because what we've found is if you look after that side of an employee, they can then focus and do a really great job at what they are brilliant at in their professional life. there are lots of businesses, though, that can't provide that help, leaving lots of parents to draw on friends, family and holiday clubs like these, until term time starts again. concerns have been raised
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about the number of adult mental health patients being held in locked rehabilitation wards in england. the care quality commission says a significant number of the 3500 people being kept in these conditions could be living with fewer restrictions. our health reporter smitha mundasad has more. geoff clark spent years locked in psychiatric rehabilitation units after developing schizophrenia. i was there 11 years and it was very, very boring. not a lot to do. people i didn't get on with. things like that. not a very pleasant place to be. he's now back in his community, close to home. but more than 50 years on from the movement to abolish asylums, england's health regulator is worried too many patients still risk being institutionalised on more modern locked rehabilitation wards. the report is clear for mental
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health care in the 21st century that a hospital should not be considered a home. quite a high proportion of people in these services could and should be moved back to be much closer to home and be cared for in settings, in residential settings, that provide much more independence. and cqc inspectors say safety is another major concern. they rated about a third of services as needing improvement, and one in 20 were deemed inadequate. their report says old buildings with blindspots that make it harder to monitor patients, and a shortage of nursing staff, could leave people at risk. it raises big questions about the system and what's happening in the system. is there enough money in there? do we have the right kind of people able to deliver the care? it also says something about the culture of what's happening in individual settings, the right leadership, are people involved in their own care,
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are people supported and trained in such a way they can deliver that care. but the coc praises staff for being caring and treating people with dignity and respect at the vast majority of trusts. nhs england says big steps have been made in improving mental health services, with more money going into the system. but it agrees there is still more work to be done. smitha mundasad, bbc news. it was once the preserve of spy thrillers, but using an iris scan as a way of accessing your money is now a reality — and tsb has become the first bank in europe to adopt the technology. it's one of the latest biometric methods being used to give our technology correspondent rory cellan—jones reports. from september, your eyes could be your password into your bank account. we will show you how to register your iris. tsb customers will need an advanced samsung smartphone to try out the iris scanning technology. you set it up by getting the phone's
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camera to scan your eyes. then, if you want to log onto your bank account, you just need to glance at the screen. and because it's looking at 266 different characteristics of your eye... let's just check. can you get in, using your eyes? ..it won't work if someone else takes a look. it's extremely fast. it takes less than a second to get into it. it's extremely secure. and there's nothing more convenient than looking at the screen of your smartphone. you don't have to do anything special. we all know about the complexities of getting into your online accounts, remembering all sorts of passwords, fiddling about with little devices like this. so could biometrics, which depend on something unique about you, be a simple and secure answer? facial recognition and retina scanning are used at passport control in various countries, and fingerprint scanning on smartphones has taken off as a means of paying for anything from a coffee to a bus ticket.
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but even those promoting biometrics admit that consumers have two big concerns. privacy, and the security of the technology, whether it can be spoofed. if we get that right and put the right processes in place, i think the convenience that biometrics offers will create a fantastic customer experience. german hackers claimed they'd fooled samsung's iris scanner with a high—definition photo. but the phone maker and tsb insist it's very unlikely that anybody would have both phone and the photo needed to beat the system. rory cellan—jones, bbc news. it's day one of the 146th golf open championship — this year being held at royal birkdale near southport. no british or northern irish golfer has won at birkdale in the last nine championships — although local favourite do we have contenders this year? our sports correspondent
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andy swiss is there. welcome to birkdale, where the open championship is living up to its name. the blustery conditions making life tricky for the players. this course hasn't been a particularly successful one for british players over the years, but the home fans have had plenty to cheer this morning. good morning, ladies and gentlemen, welcome to the open at royal birkdale. a warm welcome for the fans, but not exactly for the players. a brisk breeze meant testing conditions at birkdale. for the early starters, the leaderboard made forgrim reading. but not for all, as a home favourite set the early pace. ian poulter has been struggling with his form this year, but you'd scarcely have guessed it. and those are the ones, if you're going to win, you've got to keep... indeed, the british challenge made a sprightly start, withjustin rose, who famously finished fourth here as a teenager nearly two decades ago, as well as the unheralded stuart manley, the world number 520 on his open debut, in a share of the lead. enter the birkdale boy,
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an ovation for tommy fleetwood, the home town hero. the golf star of 2017 was soon being blown off course. fleetwood more wayward — no amount of local knowledge can help you in there. other radars, though, were in better working order. america'sjustin thomas a talent in a tie, showing his golf is as snappy as his dress sense. his compatriotjordan spieth was soon also on a charge, but birkdale is proving a test for the best. and the latest i can tell you is thatjordan spieth and brooks koepka now lead, on four under par, one shot clear of ian poulter. plenty of big names still to start their rounds this afternoon, including

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