tv BBC News at Ten BBC News July 27, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
the human tragedy that is the war in yemen — one person every hour is dying from cholera. the innocent victims — desperate parents bring in their dying children for what little medical help is available. this hospital alone receives about 100 new cholera cases every day. those who get help recover quickly, within hours. but many in yemen are dying needlessly because they can't get the most basic treatment. what hope for yemen? two years into the war, we look at the causes and what might bring it to an end. also tonight: grenfell tower — the police say there are reasonable grounds to suspect corporate manslaughter was committed by the council and the tower block management organisation. the government moves to reassure business that there'll be no sudden cut off of eu workers after brexit. an increase in violence in prisons in england and wales and a record number of inmates released by mistake. and england's women beat portugal to qualify for the quarter—finals of the european championships.
and coming up in sportsday on bbc news, the return of rooney to goodison park. but would wayne win as everton started their europa league campaign? wayne rooney has been sleeping in everton pyjamas for 13 years, waiting for the day that he could put the full kit back on. double sessions, holiday winning, spin classes and whatsapp messages. he is a competitor, he is a leader he back. good evening. we've a special report tonight on the devastating human cost of a war that has been raging in a remote corner of the middle east for two years. the un is calling it the world's worst humanitarian crisis with the country on the brink offamine. yemen is split by a fierce civil war between the internationally recognised government — backed by a saudi led coalition and houthi rebels, allied with iran. yemen is now on the brink of famine and has become
a breeding ground for disease. cholera has swept the country — with nearly 2000 deaths since the outbreak began in april. the situation there now is described as the world's greatest humanitarian crisis. access for international journalists is very rare — but our middle east correspondent, 0rla guerin — with her producer nicola careem and cameraman nico hameon — have got in. they've sent this report from aden — and a warning — there are distressing images throughout. we crossed the red sea to reach yemen. past the sunken wreckage of a hidden war. this was the only way to the port city of aden. the saudi led coalition, which is bombing the country, grounded the un planes due to fly us in. and this is the kind of suffering they don't want the world to see. this boy is 11. he's one of many wasting away across the country.
since the war, malnutrition rates have soared. hunger is menacing this nation, from the very old to the very young. like her same. nation, from the very old to the very young. like hersame. his mother showed us how he fights for every breath. —— like hussain. the united nations says an entire generation is being starved and crippled. and famine is looming. and ina crippled. and famine is looming. and in a water nearby, a desperate rush to save abdullah mohammed salem, who came in with no pulse. they try to squeeze fluid and life back into his veins. he's a victim of an epidemic ravaging yemen. cholera. and it's the worst outbreak the world. there
is now a perfect breeding ground for disease, because sanitation services have broken down. abdullah‘s son, ahmed, has a message for those in power who are busy waging war. deal with the switch, he says, and clean the streets. mosquitoes and flies are everywhere, causing illness. we are everywhere, causing illness. we are demanding that everyone who claims to be our leader should just ca re claims to be our leader should just care about the people. instead, they are dying of cholera at a rate of about one every hour. another outcome of a brutal conflict. this hospital alone receives about 100 new cholera cases every day. those who get help recover quickly, within hours. but many in yemen are dying needlessly because they can't get the most basic treatment. after more
than two years of war, half the health facilities in the country aren't functioning. like much else in the arab world's poorest nation. in the streets of aden, scarred of battle. the presidential guard manned checkpoints here, but the yemeni president is seldom in the country. he was forced to flee by houthi rebels. that's when his allies, the saudis, stepped in. they're bombing campaign is not restored his authority. but it has destroyed hospitals, schools and homes like that of this family. their house was hit by two air strikes as the coalition targeted houthi fighters nearby. he tells us two years on the extended family of 30 are among the forgotten victims of this war. some of the family still live right here in the ruins with no help, they say, except from
god. but civilians here have been under fire from both sides. we met this woman and her children waiting for food aid. this ten—year—old used to love football. before he was hit by a houthi shall. —— shell. i brought the kids into the house, she told us. the kids into the house, she told us. and asked them to stay inside. they went into the living room and that's where they were hit. he lost both legs immediately. since then, she says, he and her other children have never been the same. they have deep psychological wounds as well as physical ones.
most of all, it is yemen's children, like ten—month—old ahmed, who are paying the price here. the conflict has reached a stalemate, international diplomacy has failed, and nowhere in the world are more lives at stake. 0rla guerin, bbc news, aden. 0ur diplomatic editor james landale is here. how has it come to this in yemen? this is in entirely man—made crisis, there was a government in yemen, it was weak but legitimate. the houthi minority felt marginalised, they overthrew the government, it worried the saudis, who feared shia led insurgency in the backyard so they formed a military coalition to try to reinstate the government. they got the support of the united nations to do it, but after two yea rs of nations to do it, but after two years of fighting there is a military stalemate so the bombing continues and the suffering continues. is there any sign of an end to this, what is the
international community doing? very little hope indeed, the un has repeatedly failed to achieve any kind of ceasefire and other events make it much harder. iran is coming on the side of the houthis, so it's 110w seen on the side of the houthis, so it's now seen as a proxy on the side of the houthis, so it's now seen as a proxy conflict between sunni saudi arabia and shia iran. saudi arabia has been involved in the support of donald trump. they don't feel under much pressure internationally to reduce bombing despite criticism by some who say international humanitarian law has been breached. i think the diplomatic stand—off between qatar and other old states means international attention is focused away from yemen. what is the uk government position? it's involved in the dramatic efforts in the un but mps accuse it of having a contradictory position, the uk supports the saudi led coalition but co ntroversially sells supports the saudi led coalition but controversially sells arms to saudi arabia, some of which are used in this conflict. 0n the other hand the government is spending £140 billion a year on foreign aid on the ground in yemen trying to pick up the
pieces. it's a pretty uncomfortable policy with tensions in the british government. james, thank you. the police investigating the fire at grenfell tower have revealed they believe there are reasonable grounds to suspect corporate manslaughter may have been committed by the local council, kensington and chelsea, and the organisation in charge of the tower, the kensington and chelsea management 0rganisation. at least 80 people died in the fire that consumed the block of flats in west london last month. our home affairs correspondent tom symonds has more. below the still horrifying shadow of g re nfell tower, below the still horrifying shadow of grenfell tower, the newly elected leader of kensington and chelsea council was tonight meeting the survivors of the fire and those it has briefed. but a council is now in an extraordinary position. the centre of a huge active investigation into whether it was responsible for corporate manslaughter. the community has been asking the police to, you know, carry on their criminal
investigation, and all i can say is, you know, i'm pleased they're doing that, pleased they're starting, and i will cooperate in any way i possibly can. unusually, scotland ya rd possibly can. unusually, scotland yard sent a letter today to those affected by the fire, an update. it said, police had informed the council and the tower landlords that there are reasonable grounds to suspect each organisation may have committed the offence of corporate manslaughter. in effect, police believe there is enough suspicion for them to demand the crisis hit council and its housing body provide seniorfigures to be council and its housing body provide senior figures to be questioned under caution. were you pressured by number ten to resign? perhaps the council's long—time former leader, nick paget brown, who resigned last month. but corporate manslaughter can only be committed by a company 01’ can only be committed by a company ora can only be committed by a company or a body like a council, not an individual. legally, the police can't arrest anyone for the offence,
despite repeated demands of local people. we like to see some action, that's when we start... speaks louder than words. it'll give a lot of people faith. i want to hear more, more and more information. more improvement, more updates. i've been waiting for seven weeks. alongside the council, police have names that kensington and chelsea te na nt names that kensington and chelsea tenant management organisation, which manage the towel and its controversial refurbishment. detectives are scrutinising millions of documents, including the plans for the refurbishment. the bbc reported last month money was saved by substituting a potentially less fire resistant type of cladding. g re nfell tower fire resistant type of cladding. grenfell tower is still being treated as a crime scene. forensic officers sifting through what remains. an investigation expected to last months. police will want to have all of that evidence before carrying out any interviews, that is the way they work. let's be clear tonight what
scotla nd work. let's be clear tonight what scotland yard was saying. scotland ya rd scotland yard was saying. scotland yard is saying there is enough suspicion to justify this full investigation. police are not saying, for now, there is enough evidence to justify a prosecution. and they are looking at a wide range of offences, breaches of health and safety, breaches of fire safety regulations, and building regulations. there is a long way to go. the home secretary has commissioned an independent review of the impact eu nationals have on the economy as the government tries to formulate a policy on immigration after brexit. but it's not due to report until september next year — six months before we leave the eu. amber rudd also reassured businesses that any new immigration system will be phased in after brexit possibly over a number of years. 0ur deputy political editor john pienaar has more. how do you tailor a new immigration policy for britain after brexit? cuts to leave more jobs for home—grown workers maybe less for eu migrants? ask around at this garment factory in north london
and the answer is: be careful. we have ten different nationalities that are here in ourfactories and 80% of those are from the eu. they're not taking away the jobs from the british public, because the british public at the moment can't do those skills, so pre—brexit or post brexit, it doesn't matter, we need our european workers here. today, britain's border force has been on show. soon they'll enforce a new immigration system and the home secretary has announced a major study to help decide where britain needs migrants and who should be stopped when the uk leaves the european union. we are leaving the eu, we will be having a new policy, but part of what i'm announcing today is to show it's evidence based and we're going to make sure that it works for the whole country. it will take years before home—grown british workers can take on or want many of the jobs that are now filled by europeans. free movement of eu citizens ends technically in two years
when britain leaves. it may continue for a period after that, maybe two years, during a transition — ministers haven't decided. they don't all agree and that's causing confusion. when they do, they'll take that plan to the brexit negotiations where they're after the trade deal ministers want so badly. but migration is a sensitive subject. 0n almost any street, almost anywhere, there's pressure to get on with cutting migrant numbers. what's your view when it comes to europe and britishjobs? well, we need work for british people. i think the sooner we get out the better, to be honest with you. is it taking too long? i reckon they're going to drag it out as long as possible, aren't they? hoping that they'll change our mind. i think we should train our own people up. people who are living here. we have 67 million or whatever that live here. i'm sure we can train people up. borisjohnson is talking up a future trade deal in australia. critics say ministers have been too slow working out an immigration
policy. he says migration can be good for the uk. that doesn't mean that you can't control it. that's all i think people want to see. they want to see their politicians taking responsibility, explaining the policy, explaining what they're trying to do, explaining who can come in on what basis and why it's good for the economy. well it's completely ridiculous that it is taking them 13 months to commission this basic evidence. we on the select committee were asking some of these basic questions back in january. the government should have commissioned this a long, long time ago. so, work's in progress on a new way to manage migration — one ministers agree should keep firms like this one supplied with the workers it needs. but crafting that policy has only just started. expect more political wrangling before thejob's done. john pienaar, bbc news. there are a significant number of eu workers in a variety of sectors in the britain, including agriculture, construction, and technology.
some firms are warning they don't have enough information about the uk's future immigration policy to make crucial, long—term decisions, as our business editor simonjack has been finding out. the battle for precisely what shape brexit will take as a high—stakes one for business. like the london—based company that designed this computer game. it employs 105 people — 25% of them are from the eu. today's announcement of a 1a—month review of the impact of eu migrants on the economy got a mixed response from the company's founder. i think an evidence—based approach to any big and complicated economic decision makes a lot of sense, so from that perspective i applaud it. what i don't understand and find somewhat absurd, how that evidence can play into making a decision if the evidence won't be released until six months before the decision itself is made.
it feels like it's a good start, but that we don't have the time to wait until six months before brexit to figure out what we're doing. so i think it needs to happen way quicker. it's not just high—tech companies like this that rely on european talent. many important sectors are heavily reliant on eu workers. in manufacturing, 11% of the workforce is from the eu. in hospitality and retail, it's 9%. the same for construction, where eu nationals also make up 9% of all workers. given that reliance on eu workers, companies like this want to know where they are going to get the workers of the future and, with unemployment in the uk at the lowest levels we've seen since 1975, it's not as if there are a lot of spare workers lying around. there was also support from the home office today for a transitional period after brexit for business to adjust to immigration rules they won't know for at least a year. that got a thumbs up. it is very welcome that there now seems to be broad consensus that a time—limited transition is sensible. now we need to work on the detail.
what does that mean, what model is it going to adopt? we have suggested a common—sense approach that you stay in the single market and a customs union until a deal is in force. but some feel this amounts to stalling by those in brexit denial. a transitional deal will delay all the benefits. being able to control our laws, trade and borders. we need to get on with it. the government needs to get a grip and accelerate the process, not elongate it, which leads to more uncertainty, which is actually bad for our economy, bad for our national interest. both sides of the argument and legions of foreign workers want clarity. all feel progress towards that is slow. simon jack, bbc news. the terminally ill baby charlie gard will be moved to a hospice and have his life—support withdrawn, after his parents failed to get agreement to spend up to a week there with him. they had wanted a private medical team at the hospice to care for their son. great 0rmond street hospital, where charlie is being treated, said
that wasn't in his best interests. it follows a legal battle by charlie's parents to take him out of the country for experimental treatment. figures from the ministry ofjustice have revealed an alarming increase in the number of prisoners released by mistake, as well as rising violence and cases of self—harm in jails. statistics for england and wales show that 71 inmates or suspects were incorrectly freed in the year to march — the highest number since records began a decade ago. meanwhile, there were more than 26,000 assaults, with attacks on prison officers at a record high of more than 7,000. our home affairs correspondent, june kelly, has this report. spice in a jailhouse. mobile phone footage showing one inmate high on spice. egged on by a fellow prisoner. go on, son. the synthetic drug offers brief relief to some but contributes to deep—seated problems within our prisons. some jails are awash with drugs.
and, as on the outside, the dealers have the power and dependents are desperate. he is taking our stuff! it all adds to the violence in a volatile environment. 0ne ex—offender, who does not want his face shown, knows this world. he has spent time in six differentjails and witnessed attacks on fellow inmates. i certainly saw some pretty horrendous violence. people being slashed with toothbrushes which have had prison razors melted into them. and prisoners mixing up their own lethal cocktail to throw at each other. it causes terrible scarring. it is very much like an acid attack. and that sort of thing is used to punish people. for example, for being suspected informers, telling prison authorities about what is going on inside of the prison. or for debt.
we asked for an interview with the justice secretary david liddington to discuss the situation in ourjails. 0ur request was turned down. in a statement, the minister said his top priority was improving safety and security in our prisons and the figures today reinforced how crucial it was that progress was made as quickly as possible. as a serving prison officer, sarah does not want to be identified. but earlier this year she spoke to us about thejob. i go into work feeling anxious. tensions are high. prisoners are angry and frustrated. when you open a door, you don't know what you will be faced with. i have had everything from urine, faeces, televisions thrown at me. ministers say that planned extra staff will eventually make a difference. but, at present, every new set of figures or report seems to underline the perilous state of our prisons. june kelly, bbc news. the head of the us military says there will be no change to its policy
on allowing transgender people to serve until it's instructed by the president. that's despite donald trump tweeting that transgender troops will be banned from service. 0ur north america editorjon sopel is outside the white house. jon, this is one of a number of high profile disagreements being aired, not within the doors of the oval office, but out in public. it is said the president likes a lot of drama and noise and he has got it at cacophonous levels at the moment. it talked about the military chiefs saying he will not quite obey the orders that came from the tweet saying there will be no modifications to the policy until the president's direction has been received, in other words we do not ta ke received, in other words we do not take direction by twitter and then you have a knife fight taking place in the white house that should be accompanied by the music of west side story as the jets and sharks
battle it out. the communications director going after the chief of staff, accusing him of leaking information, saying if he wants to explain he is not a bleaker, let him do that. meanwhile, the new yorker issued a quote from the new communications director, some of which i cannot use because the words i cannot put on air but he said he isa i cannot put on air but he said he is a paranoid, schizophrenic, paranoid. that is not to mention the battle going on over the chief law officer, the attorney general who is ina officer, the attorney general who is in a billy good position and it is said there will be hell to pay if the president fires him. the chief executive of the boy scouts association said today, i want to extend my apologies to those in our scouting family offended by the political rhetoric inserted into the jamboree. the man who did that? the
president. six months into the trump presidency and americans have perhaps got used to the sometimes chaotic goings—on in the white house. earlier this week mount rushmore hit the headlines after donald trump in a speech outlining his presidential qualities, joked about whether his face should be added to the famous granite wall depicting american presidents past. mount rushmore's in south dakota — that's solid trump territory. so how is his unconventional presidential style going down with supporters there? nick bryant travelled to mount rushmore to find out. what better place to talk presidential stature than mount rushmore in south dakota? carved into the rock are sculptures of washington, jefferson, teddy roosevelt and abraham lincoln. four presidents who truly made america great. donald trump continues to boast he'll be the most presidential person ever, other than possibly abe lincoln. but even people who voted for him take a very different view. i'm a bit disappointed and the reason is because i think
he was the right guy at the time to shake things up, to move things forward, but he's causing too much chaos and not bringing enough order to government. i think his ego is getting in the way so i'm hoping he's going to take a step back and take a look at himself. i think he can do the change, if he gets rid of his ego. i don't think he has been as presidential as i ideally want. but i think he's getting used to the job, as well, and i think you'll get there. donald trump has described his use of social media as modern—day presidential. he clearly believes he's communicating in ways which meet the requirements of the twitter age. but that has meant upending tradition and rejecting and rejecting long—held norms. in terms of behaviour, this presidency marks a break from the past. i'd ask whether or not you think i will some day be on mount rushmore.
at a rally in ohio early this week, donald trump joked about one day having his own famous features memorialised in stone. but here's the problem. if i did it, totallyjoking, having fun, the fake news media will say, he believes he should be on mount rushmore. of course, if you travel through the american heartland, you will find many trump supporters who regard him still as a presidential antihero, and a fellow outsider. someone like them who's long been sneered at by east and west coast elites. people like the members of the freedom motorcycle church, a short ride from mount rushmore. we are considered outsiders at times. but so is he. and he is coming into a place where he makes people uncomfortable. we have been there, we know what that is like and we understand that. we understand when he talks about stuff. man, that's us, you know.
and so yeah, we like that, we relate to that. presidential reputations change over time. mavericks become mainstream, divisive figures become unifying. but for now, donald trump remains deeply polarising — a national treasure to some, a national embarrassment to others. nick bryant, bbc news, south dakota. prince william has clocked in for his last shift as an air ambulance pilot this evening, before taking up his royal duties full—time. for the past two years, the duke of cambridge has been working for the east anglian air ambulance service, based in cambridge. a former british olympic athlete has revealed that she self—harmed while struggling to cope with the demands of elite competition. rebekah wilson — a member of team gb‘s two—woman bobsleigh crew at the 2014 sochi games — told how the "intense pressure" of training took its toll and says she believes the duty of care towards athletes needs to be addressed.
she's been speaking exclusively to our sports editor, dan roan. 0n the outside, rebekah wilson was living the dream, representing team gb at the 2014 winter olympics. a star of a sport defined by courage and speed, the bobsleigh. but behind the dedication was a darker secret she now wants to share. a 26—year—old telling me how life is an elite athlete took its toll. i had to hold it together and the only way i could do that was at the time when i was self—harming, i would try and find anything i could to hurt myself, or take myself away or isolate myself, to manage what was an intense pressure. when i was in the position when i self—harmed or hurt myself, it was because i felt there was no other outlet. this was happening while you were on gb duty? while i was competing, yes. the british bobsleigh
and skeleton association said, "we recognise that elite sport features both physical and mental demands and we continue to ensure our athletes and staff have access to specialist support in both these areas." rebekah quit the sport after the sochi games, having finished outside of the medals, and for a year and a half was treated at a specialist hospital. she says she has spoken out to raise awareness of the mental health issues young athletes can face. it is great when there is a big championships on tv and we all rally round and we watch it, but that is a cover, that is the front of it and you don't necessarily see the back end. there is an issue, there is a duty of care. there is something across wellbeing we are not quite getting right, because i think it goes on a lot more than we allow ourselves to think that it does. from the bullying allegations made by 0lympic cyclistjess varnish, to further controversies across a range of sports, there is growing concern that british medal success has come at too high a price,
with athlete welfare the cost. what we have perhaps forgotten in the past or not dealt with so obviously in the past is actually the mental health and wellbeing of those whose sport is their profession and that is why i am hosting a series of round tables in the autumn to make sure that we do have the right structures in place. i think stories like this are incredibly important for us to make sure that we prevent that from happening in the future. having overcome her issues, rebekah says she is now in a better place. the former 0lympian's advice to those who are struggling to cope — to never suffer in silence. dan roan, bbc news. cricket and the third test against south africa began today at the oval. it was a struggle for england with their captainjoe root one of the wickets to fall. rain stopped play early with england on 171—11. football and england are through to the quarter—finals