this is bbc news. the headlines at 2pm. violence breaks out in east london as protesters throw fireworks and bottles, angry at the death of a 20—year—old man restrained by police last week. more turmoil at the white house, donald trump names generaljohn kelly as his next chief of staff after days of public infighting. north korea boasts that its latest missile test proves the whole of the us mainland is within range of its weapons. uk universities‘ pension fund deficit doubles to more than £17 billion in the last year. a pensions‘ expert says universities may have to reduce benefits for its members, or increase tuition fees for students, to fill the black hole. and in half an hour. as pakistan prepares to celebrate 70 years of independence, the travel show goes to karachi
years of independence, and asks if the city offers anything for tourists. good afternoon. violence broke out overnight in east london following a protest over the death of a man after he was restrained by police a week ago. the independent police complaints commission is investigating the death of 20—year—old rashan charles. david gill is to be held outside newington police station the day after bottles and fireworks were thrown at officers, as richard
lister reports. the tension had bundled in all afternoon. a peaceful protest about the death of a young man in custody in east london's started to turn into something else. the police were out in force, trying to maintain calm, but it didn't last. by 10pm, a fleet of police vans is facing a burning barricades and an angry crowd. hundreds of officers trying to keep people back. move away, we have the dogs. police in riot gear and repeatedly tried to clear the street. mounted officers were brought into. it took at least another hour force and kind of order to be established, debris still smouldering in the street. the confrontation was sparked by the death of rashan charles, he was chased into a shop by police a week ago. officers say he tried to swallow something, there was a struggle and he became ill.
just over an hour later, rashan charles was declared dead. he was 20. he's the third young man today after being stopped by police in london injust over one month. it stirred up long—standing grievances. they are angry and confused because they are not being represented in life itself, they have to sell drugs, carry knives because they are living in fear. they have no spirituality. they have to sell drugs? yes. why? they are forced into situations where they don't understand how to live, make money, work for what they want. they don't want to work for the system. this morning, the council has been cleaning up and trying to move on. it spent the week trying to ease concerns in this community. the charles family has warned that hostile actions by demonstrators are unhelpful. demonstrators are gathering in hackney again today. i'm quite worried people will come from outside of hackney who haven't listened to the family's requests and don't unnecessarily have the motivation to have a peaceful protests. a peaceful protest. i think as long as it remains
peaceful, people should be able to gather. to answer the questions from his family about his death and will follow the evidence wherever it leads. what's the atmosphere been like, simon, in hackney? this big jewel is just getting underway now. the organisers want it to be peaceful but there are a lot of angry people in this community who say they need a nswe i’s. in this community who say they need answers. they want to know how a 20 year run went into his local convenience store, earlier in the morning and then ended up dead in hospital. we got some stands here
from black lives matter. just here, is the police station, where the protest is going to take place. there are couple of officers outside the entrance. there have been police liaison officers mingling with the organisers. here are a couple of them. the police trying to keep a low— key them. the police trying to keep a low—key presence. we are expecting shortly for speeches to be given. we've got mr charles, the father of the man who died. he has always appealed for the protests to be peaceful. that was not the case yesterday evening, where, as we saw in richard lister‘s report, a number of bottles and fireworks were thrown at police. 0ne officer sustained an eye injury. someone cycling past the
protest was pushed and assaulted and the perpetrator was arrested. a lot of people are wanting to hear what mr charles has to say, wanting to his son answers. at the moment the independent police complaints commission ‘s say they are looking into this, all the circumstances, to make sure there was no misconduct by the police. the metropolitan police have not been saying too much about this because of that investigation, they were saying the reason mr charles was pushed to the floor was because officers were trying to stop him from hurting himself by swallowing something. simon, we will leave it there but we will certainly speak to you later. president trump has described his new chief of staff, john kelly,
as a true star of his administration —after mr priebous stood down from the post. mr trump said mr kelly, a retired military general, had done a spectacularjob as the head of homeland security, where he introduced a tougher immigration policy. the resignation of mr priebus came after he was criticised by donald trump revealed that priebus has been replaced byjohn kelly. donald trump revealed that priebus has been replaced by john kelly. one of our real stars. the president was
heading back to the white house when heading back to the white house when he tweeted of kelly's newjobs. priebus is a good man. general kelly has been a star, done a good job, priebus is a good man. general kelly has been by ar, done a good job, ihegee r, s , , so so priebus, when they seemed so close. priebus, farfrom when they seemed so close. priebus, far from the when they seemed so close. priebus, farfrom the president's when they seemed so close. priebus, he ‘ar from the president's ”57 h%§u§gmn 2:25 l £55,772; i é— ﬁgﬁim: i think several days of discussion. i think it's a good time for him to reset. i think he has decided to press the reset button. i think it's healthy think he has decided to press the reset button. i think it's hl needs. i and what the white holisqjjlqilsj him in it. he was
support him in it. he was described by the new white house communications chief as a paranoid schizophrenic. peter bosz, bbc news. joining me now from our studio in birmingham is scott lucas, professor of american studies at the university of birmingham. thank you for joining university of birmingham. thank you forjoining us. what a week and what a forjoining us. what a week and what 324 forjoining us. what a week and what a 2k hours! what of the white house looked like at the moment? chaos. the watchword you will get from trump and his loyalists is stability, everything is sorted out, but the fact is that the immediate cause of this is the new appointment of anthony scaramucci, a man with no communications experience, and the president has excepted that, but instead of chastising anthony
scaramucci over the insults of priebus, but trump has not only decided to dismiss priebus, not even giving staff a week to make the transition. this comes 2a hours after the white house failed to get through its major piece of edges they should, be rescinded a and of 0bama careful. this federal budget coming up in september, and rather than deal with this, trump is going into his bunker, surrounding himself with family, anthony scaramucci and people like generaljohn kelly. what's the appeal to mr trump? unquestioned loyalty, more than anything. john kelly has been quite vocal about supporting the anti—immigration policies. he likes
whipping up the idea that america is under threat. if kelly serves as a yes—man for trump, or whether he lives with other military, hr mcmaster of the security council, the only way for trump to stop causing further damage is military alliance within the executive. you heard mr priebus talking about a reset of the administration. did he need that? he's only six months in! we are not talking about a systematic reset or anything is coherent, it's just something where trump scapegoats people. it wasjeff sessions, who was being humiliated by trump because trump blames him for not controlling the trump—
russian investigation. right now, trump is denouncing republicans in congress who turned against the health care bill. trump, who has a lwa ys health care bill. trump, who has always tried to run this like a business, cannot understand politics where you do not get what you want. so instead of compromising, hejust goes on twitter and delivers his latest rant. do you think he has all his players in place? will he be happy with his budget, his players and who they are? no, because the players aren't all on the same team and do not know what positions they playing. there are pragmatists, priebus, mike pence, and the fire breather, hard right liners like steve bannon. health care, education, the economy and policy,
but instead, egos to anthony scaramouche chief. —— anthony scaramucci, trump is not advancing, he's retreating and twitterjust happens to be the outlet where he can pretend everything is ok. besser scott lucas, thank you. we'll leave it for now. uk universities have a deficit of £7 billion, more than anywhere else in the world. pensions specialists have been monitoring the schemes says the deficit is down to poor management. i think it's the trustees betting the money that they had been given by universities and
betting it on equities. the scheme was in surplus but a lot of people, including me, have been warning that this is a problem. they've been kicking the can down the road for a number of years and i think they now have to face up to it and do something. what is the debt that has not paid off? they've been taken money from the individual members of the pension scheme and the employers, they could have put that in bonds, which match the pensions to be paid, but they haven't. they've been putting it into hedge fundsis they've been putting it into hedge funds is and equities, and other complex, risky business. our business correspondent explained how difficult it would be to clear the pension scheme's deficit. if there's a black hole and you primarily a pension scheme which is private. the
government white bail you out because it's private, so you have to ask academic and lecturers to take a pay cut. that already happened largely. they may say, we are going to move to germany or canada. you ask donors to pay more money. wealthy people who studied at specific universities, but would they do that for pension schemes when they want to see their names over the next big building? easy foxwood and cambridge, less easy for the less well—known universities. so you have the final option of existing students paying more. it's capped at £9,000 tuition fees every year, would they go back to saying we need to raise that cap even further? will we charge them accommodation, wi—fi, it makes a big headache and you don't want to deter stu d e nts headache and you don't want to deter
students when britain is tried to emerge from a post—eu path. headlines on bbc news now. angry clashes in east london during a protest over the death of a man who was restrained by police last week. president trump name is retired military general, john kelly, as his new chief of staff after priebus stood down from the post after days of infighting. north korea boasts that its latest missile test proves the whole of the us mainland is within range of its weapons. president trump describes the action asa president trump describes the action as a reckless and dangerous. the north korean leader kimjong—un claims any target on the us mainland is now within striking range. it follows his military‘s latest intercontinental missile test, the second within a month. as with previous launches, the event was celebrated by north korean state media. from seoul, here's our correspondent karen allen. cloa ked in darkness, state run tv captured the final
moments before the missile launch. a potent symbol of north korea's defiance in the face of international sanctions. its leader kim jong—un there to witness it all. then the dramatic lift—off. and the moment that pyongyang thumbed its nose at the world. the second launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile in less than a month. it travelled higher and further than the missile fired before, eventually smashing down into the ocean off the coast of japan. then came the official confirmation from pyongyang. the newsreader announcing that this test was proof that the whole of the us is now within reach. pictures show a triumphant north korean leader. in washington, president trump described the tests as reckless and dangerous. the reaction from north korea's
neighbour in the south was equally harsh. translation: dashing the international community's hopes of eased inter—korean military tensions and in particular, seoul's offer of bilateral military talks. these joint us south korea military drills a response to the launch, designed to send a clear message that seoul and washington stand shoulder—to—shoulder in the face of an increasingly belligerent north korea. the us already has battleships in the pacific ocean. now, it has promised to scale up its strategic assets in response to this latest threat. more aircraft carriers and stealth bombers could soon be on the way. a jubilant kim jong—un wants us recognition as a nuclear power. instead, in the wake of another missile test, he's likely to face stiffer sanctions with china
and russia under pressure not to stand in the way. karen allen, bbc news, seoul. pope francis has led tributes to charlie gard, the ii—month—old boy who died yesterday, following a lengthy legal battle over what medical treatment he received. charlie's parents, connie yates and chris gard, wanted their son to be taken to the united states to be treated for a rare genetic condition, which causes progressive rain damage and muscle weakness. they eventually dropped their legal challenge against great 0rmond street — the hospital looking after charlie — when a specialist offering to treat charlie in the us, said it was too late for the treatment to work. pope francis, who followed charlie's story closely, tweeted: here, the prime minister theresa may said: president trump had offered support
to charlie and his family during the legal dispute. nearly a quarter of shops are breaking the law, by selling knives to underage people, some as young as 13 years old. that's according to new figures from the local government association which says some retailers, including two supermarket chains, have been caught out. adina campbell has more. with knife crime at its highest level in six years in england and wales, retailers are under increasing pressure to do more to tackle the problem. local trading standards teams tried to buy knives earlier this year. almost one in four shops they visited were found to be selling knives to people underage.
seven out of 29 retailers, including two major supermarkets, in areas like devon, somerset and bristol, sold a blade to a person under 18. they included a machete, a lock knife and kitchen knives. last year, similar test purchases were carried out by london trading standards, with eight knives a month being sold to children as young as 13. safety campaigners are now calling for tougher rules. these rules should be applied. if retailers continue to do this, they should be punished and put out of business. it's illegal to sell knives to anyone under the age of 18, but in scotland 16 to 18—year—olds can buy a kitchen knife or cutlery. shops caught breaking the law face six months in prison or a fine of up to £5,000. the local government association says more needs to be done to stop
lives being put at risk, and shops need to put up higher safety checks. adina campbell, bbc news. north wales police are searching for a missing five—year—old girl. detectives believe molly allens may be with her father who miss a court who missed a court hearing yesterday. a man who killed one person and injured six others any supermarket knife attack in hamburg was a known in celeste was a known islamist
but not age hardest, the police are telling us. he was alone and was overpowered by passers—by. when waheed arian was a young boy growing up in afghanistan, he witnessed the suffering of war. many years later, he's now an emergency medic living in chester and is using virtual reality to help today's victims of violence in his homeland. his "tele—medicine" system allows doctors in war zones to get help from specialists in the west. here's our world affairs editor, john simpson. we hear plenty of depressing stories about afghanistan, but this is not one of them. quite the opposite, in fact. afghanistan has one of the lowest standards of medical care in the world. doctors often aren't highly trained and their equipment is pretty basic. but they can contact dr waheed arian, an afghan who qualified as a doctor in britain, and he can give them detailed medical advice using social media. from his home in chester, he takes messages day and night. he calls it telemedicine. they don't have the cutting edge technologies, the expertise, the advanced,
evidence—based medicine. they need any expertise, any advice that is more world—class here. that is very useful for them. i will take the arrow and replace it along... now, waheed arian and his team are developing new ways of showing doctors there what to do. it went very well. we discussed a medical case, we solved the problem, it was a live medical case in a hospital in kabul, using augmented reality, we discussed it and managed their problem. as a boy in the 1980s, he had to escape from the russians who had invaded his country. he and his family were lucky to survive. when the civil war flared up in afghanistan, his parents sent him on his own to britain. he was 15 and didn't speak much english, yet within four years,
he was studying medicine at cambridge. he became passionate about helping people in the country of his birth. i have seen so much suffering in my childhood, and that suffering was still very vivid in my memory. i wanted to see if i could help in any way, alleviate that suffering for many people that were in a similar position to mine as a child. he doesn't get much time with his family in chester. he has taken leave of absence to develop his ideas, but in order to pay the bills, he has to work every weekend as an a & e doctor. he is awaya lot, and it can be hard and lonely at times when you're on your own and you're seeing all the other families out. but on the other side, i know he's doing amazing things for humanity, he's going to be saving thousands of lives, so i look at the positives. we have come a long way in just two
years, we are helping places that have no other support. this is so important. lives are at stake and we can help save those lives. waheed arian has survived a lot. helping others in afghanistan to survive is, he says, his therapy. viewers in the north—west of england can watch the full documentary waheed's wars: saving lives across the world on monday evening at 7pm on bbc one. it will then be available on the iplayer shortly afterwards. we're all told to save for our retirement. but more than a quarter of pensioners who are on their own, rely on just what the state provides. numbers are at a 22 year high and there are worries it
will keep on rising, as paul lewis, the presenter of radio 4's moneybox programme, has been finding out. i started work at 16, done lots of differentjobs, and i eventually retired at 63. 67—year—old jean storey is one of more than a million single pensioners in the uk who are completely dependent on the state. jean lives on £170 a week. when i was married, my husband paid into a private pension, and as we progressed through the years, and our income got better, he put more and more money into the pension, so i always thought that when we both retired, there would be a good pension, so i never bothered. jean divorced in her mid 40s. with two young children, she just couldn't afford to start saving into a pension. that's left her facing a very different retirement to the one she planned. it's difficult! it is difficult, but ijust have to manage my money. and it sounds ridiculous, but i know where every pound is going to be spent,
i really do. you know, so every week, i budget what i've got. so what would you say to young people watching this now about the importance of saving for a pension while they're at work? i would say it's very important. if i'd known then what i know now, because i do know one of my friends, this is the one that's going on a cruise, she did that all through her working life, and even though she and her husband split up and she is on her own, she actually had the foresight to see that. so she has got this extra money that she can do things with, so it does make a really big difference when you get older.
even ifjean had started to save, it's unlikely — in her 40s — that she would have put enough in. tom mcphail is head of retirement at hargreaves la nsdown. living on the state pension alone is manageable, but it's not something you'd choose to do if you can avoid it. what's worrying is that there are millions of people who still aren't saving for a pension, either because they weren't caught in their employer's auto—enrolment scheme, or because they're simply self—employed, so it doesn't apply to them. to put this into context, if you wanted to double your state pension, if you wanted to get another £8,300 a year by saving in a private pension, for someone in their mid 20s today, that would cost around £300 a month you'd have to save all the way through until your mid 60s. for young people worried about student debt and owning their own home, being told to save that amount of money for a0 years to retire on what is just over the national living wage might seem hard to swallow, but it's a messagejean storey hopes people will listen to. that was paul lewis reporting there.
the bbc‘s longest—running medical drama, casualty, is making history tonight — the entire episode has been filmed on a single camera, in just one take. it's a first in british television and marks the show‘s 30th anniversary, as sharuna sagar reports. there's a baby in there! what? there's a baby in the house. this whole episode of casualty was filmed all in one go, so that's one continuous shot with one handheld camera for a full 48 minutes. filming a storyline with real—time action throws up all manner of challenges. so why did they do it? well, it's the closest the show can get to reflect the nhs front—line in its unedited, rawest form. you take it easy. you look like you've been through the wars yourself. has anyone said anything about the baby? it took two weeks of rehearsals for the cast and crew,