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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 30, 2017 11:00am-11:31am BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines. the australian prime minister says counter—terror police have foiled an attempt to blow up a plane. four people have been arrested in raids across sydney. the threat of terrorism is real. the disruption operation, the efforts overnight, have been very effective, but there is more work to do. the international trade secretary liam fox has said the government would not be keeping faith with the eu referendum result if it allowed the free movement of people to continue after brexit. a record number of criminals have had their sentences increased after victims and members of the public asked for them to be reviewed. events will take place this evening to mark the centenary of the battle of passchendaele in belgium. half a million allied and german soldiers were killed or wounded in the three and a half month campaign. i will report live from ypres, where
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the names of more than 50,000 missing british and commonwealth soldiers are listed. just a fraction of the horrific human toll taken by the battle of passchendaele 100 yea rs the battle of passchendaele 100 years ago. and in half an hour — dateline has an eyewitness account of europe's continuing migrant crisis and of course the latest troubles at the trump administration. good morning. police in australia say they've foiled an islamist—inspired plot to bring down an aircraft with an improvised device. the prime minister malcolm turnbull said the plot appeared to be "elaborate", rather than planned by a lone wolf. investigators in australia say they had information about a plot to blow up an aircraft involving
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the use of an improvised device. four men have been detained following raids across sydney by heavily armed police and members of australia's domestic spy agency. it is reported the operation was not planned, but a rapid response to a tip—off. the prime minister, malcolm turnbull, said the authorities have foiled what appears to be an elaborate conspiracy. i can report last night that there has been a majorjoint counterterrorism operation to disrupt a terrorist plot to bring down an aeroplane. the operation is continuing. at this stage, four people have been arrested and a considerable amount of material seized by police. upon the receipt of advice from intelligence and countering terrorism agencies the government move swiftly to protect the public
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while operations are underway. additional security measures were put in place at sydney airport on thursday. a woman who said her son and husband were among those arrested in sydney has denied they had any links to extremism. but senior police commanders say the raids were part of an alleged islamic—inspired plot. additional security measures have been put in place at domestic and international airports around the country. people can expect an increased police and security presence. you can expect longer delays to make sure more screening is being done on hold luggage and hand luggage. and be aware, go to the airport as normal, but give yourself more time. the prime minister says passengers
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should be calm and go about their business as normal. australia's national terror threat level remains at probable, which means the intelligence agencies believe that groups or individuals have the intent and capability to carry out an attack. since 2014, 70 people have been charged as a result of over 30 counterterrorism raids across the country. we have not had a major successful terrorist attack in australia today unlike, unfortunately, you in the uk and in europe, but the terror threat alert level as the correspondent described is probable, equivalent to the uk terror threat alert level and it has been thatjust under three yea rs. it has been thatjust under three years. what we have seen in that time is 12 previous mass casualty
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plots have been stopped by the authorities here. the one this weekend was the 13th. what is more high profile in australia, we have had four successful attacks, but all have been single actor, low—level terrorist attacks and they have included weapons such as knives or firearms. the most well—known would be the cafe siege two and a half yea rs be the cafe siege two and a half years ago. the terror threat alert level is constant and we heard from the authorities today that will be maintained at that probable level. what we are seeing this weekend is the type of attack planned is more sophisticated and complex, involving something like explosive devices. we have not seen that in the current threat period, other than at christmas we had a similar plot disrupted in melbourne. that is concerning, because we have seen
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so—called islamic state groups and others specifically name airports and name melbourne and sydney as targets, so it appears there are groups here seeking to take up that call. how would you characterise the authorities‘ efforts at containing the threat? much as had been the experience until recently in the uk, the disruption has been successful. we have a system that means state or territory police have the lead on all law enforcement and counterterrorism activities. 0ver the last decade and a half, there has been a joint approach so that the equivalent of m15, which has other roles, but in relation to counterterrorism it has the lead security and intelligence role, and federal police, run joint
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counterterrorism units with state and territory police and this unit undertook investigations and disruptions at the moment. they work together well. as has been your experience, they have been incredibly busy. they run around 400 investigations at the moment, almost double what it was a couple of years ago. two people have been killed and several injured in a shooting at a nightclub in germany. the attack happened in konstanz near the border with switzerland. the gunman is understood to be a 34—year—old iraqi citizen who had been living in germany for some time. he died after being shot by police. officials say the motive for the shooting is still unclear. they say it is not terror related. the international trade secretary liam fox has said unregulated free movement of people between the uk and the eu after brexit would "not keep faith" with last year‘s referendum result. mr fox told a sunday newspaper he‘d not been party to any cabinet discussions about a transitional arrangement in which immigration rules remain similar
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to what they are now. with me is our political correspondent emma va rdy. mixed signals because we had a different tone struck by philip hammond the chancellor and amber rudd the home secretary at the weekend. it goes to the big debating point over freedom of movement rules and how britain will get control of its borders after brexit. 0ne and how britain will get control of its borders after brexit. one big thing talked about during the referendum campaign. the government said freedom of movement rules will no longer apply after 2019, when we see brexit happen. in practice, it does not mean overnight people from the eu will be prevented from coming to britain. instead it is more likely immigration controls will be phased in gradually to prevent what has been called a cliff edge for business. the chancellor said it
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will be some time before migration controls are implemented between the uk and eu and there will be a transitional phase up to three years after brexit. in an interview, the international trade secretary liam fox said today if freedom of movement rules do not appear to the public to change much after brexit, it would not keep the faith with the result of the eu referendum. there seems to be agreement amongst ministers of the need for transitional arrangement after brexit, that we are seeing perhaps differences in opinion of how it will work and how it will look to voters. you say things are unlikely to change overnight. do we have an idea how things will change? the home secretary amber rudd set out a plan by which eu nationals will come to britain after brexit book will go through a registration and documentation process. number 10 plans to set out its vision for
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immigration ina plans to set out its vision for immigration in a white paper to look at plans for immigration after brexit, but we are at early stages. the uk has not even started its negotiations over this transitional deal, with the eu and we need 27 other countries to agree. immigration rules will start to change in due course after brexit but there will be a period in the middle when we‘re not sure what things will look like. that is where there is speculation and a few political row is taking place. there is speculation and a few political row is taking placem claimed the lives of 245,000 allied troops. to achieve an advance of less tha n troops. to achieve an advance of less than five miles. the battle of passchendaele was infamous not only for the scale of casualties but also for the scale of casualties but also for the scale of casualties but also for the mud that filled the trenches. this weekend commemorations are taking place. ben brown is in ypres. we are at the
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menin gate. many of the names of those who fell are listed. behind me british troops would march through ypres to the front line towards battle, many never to return. a battle, many never to return. a battle synonymous with the horror of war, not only the enemy to contend with but torrential rain. the battlefield became a swamp of mud in which many soldiers drowned and mustard gas was used. now, they still find live shells on the battlefield. it is called the iron harvest. robert hall reports. drie, twee, een. this is a corner of europe where first world war shells explode every working day. the belgian bomb disposal teams
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based in the village of poelkapelle deal with at least 200 tonnes of unexploded munitions each year. you may think that after 100 years, this iron harvest would be reducing. it‘s simply not true. during the first world war, along the western front, 1.5 billion shells were fired and, of those, one in three failed to explode. that left 500 million still in the ground. a few miles from poelkapelle, another call. a farmer has left several unidentified shells for the squad to collect. this is a british four and a half inch. another four and a half inch. if we look at the length and the fuses, this is high explosive. always.
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and this as well. we have no chemical shells here. one third of the munitions that the team recover contain chemicals such as mustard gas. the firstjob is to clean them up, and not always that gently, to get a rough idea of how dangerous they might be. here we look for characteristics and then for exterior markings. they do that with a copper brush or hammer and, it sounds old —fashioned, but it is still safer than using a sandblaster or high—pressure water. the next step is an x—ray. you can see now the bottom. this the chemical. cyanide or arsenic. around is explosive. even after 100 years, lives are at risk here. the chemical shells are eventually destroyed in a sealed chamber.
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conventional explosives follow a separate path. shells, bombs, grenades and bullets forced to the surface of local farmland by frost action and ploughing. how much explosive is in these shelss, in one crate, do you think? always around 50 kilos of explosives. more than 50 kilos, even deeply buried, would risk damage to buildings. and so this meticulous operation rolls on. a legacy of a distant war that will provide these lethal reminders well into another century. iamjoined in i am joined in ypres by a doctor who is one of the organisers of a new
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scheme to find out more about soldiers who were injured in the battle and then went back to the uk and died of their wounds. many people died immediately in the battle but someone —— some were winded and sent back to britain and sent to the treatment and sadly many of them died. because they are not in one place, as you see in the amazing cemeteries here, they are dispersed across the uk and their stories are lost. at the time their family would‘ve known but now nobody knows and we are calling on people in the uk to help us find them, research them, remember them. we have a kit to research and a database with 3000 likely graves to explore and you can find those near you and go and lay flowers. we tried it out with a school in london,
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parliament hill school, who went to stoke newington, a cemetery, with a possible eight graves, and researched three they found were passchendaele and the young people laid flowers. i have a beautiful poem they wrote. 0ne laid flowers. i have a beautiful poem they wrote. one of the men, wb nunn was a milk carrier in hackney before the war and is buried close to his family. it is a touching story. it is research and remember and you need to e—mail athome@bigideas.org. why does it matter to remember it? it was a terrible battle. a lot of it was to do with the industrial weaponry and all full scale of the war, as in many battles, but this particular
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battle, 100 years ago this weekend, it started to rain and the clay soil up it started to rain and the clay soil up the road at passchendaele became waterlogged. the bombardment broke the drainage systems. they were fighting ina the drainage systems. they were fighting in a flooded, muddy quagmire. it is this awful condition that makes it particularly terrible. there was controversy about whether 01’ there was controversy about whether or not it would be a successful campaign. in fact, or not it would be a successful campaign. infact, they or not it would be a successful campaign. in fact, they did poorly in terms of meeting their objectives. it was a terrible cost of human life. i think above all it is the mud soaked battlefield people remember. thank you. the centenary commemoration events begin this evening with the last post played here in ypres, as it is played every night. the duke and duchess of
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cambridge and prime minister theresa may will be here this evening for the start of events to remember the terrible battle of passchendaele100 yea rs terrible battle of passchendaele100 years ago. you can see years ago. you can see coverage years ago. you can see coverage of the commemorations to mark the centenary from belgium and that is tonight at 7pm on bbc two. the headlines. the australian prime minister says counterterror police foiled an attempt to blow up a plane. four were arrested. the international trade secretary liam fox said the government would not be keeping faith with the eu referendum result if it allowed the free movement of people to continue after brexit. a record number of criminals had their sentences increased after victims and members of the public asked them to be reviewed. time for the sport. a big day ahead for england at the women‘s european championships. they‘re in quarterfinal action later today against france.
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england haven‘t won against them since mark sampson took over in 2013, and have been beaten by them in their last three major tournaments, but that‘s a record they‘re confident they can change. what the england team are really building, asi what the england team are really building, as i mentioned, they beat germany two years ago for the first time ever. in friendly matches, tournaments, regardless. i imagine they will go with the same mindset. it is not anything different for this game it is part of the momentum and building process he and the team have been a part of this last six months. i have seen that mentality and that real internal drive step up and that real internal drive step up a gear. waiting for england should they beat france will be the hosts netherlands. they beat sweden 2—0 in front of a sell—out crowd. the dutch are now one match away from a first ever european final. there‘s one extra quarterfinal today, after germany‘s
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clash with denmark was postponed after torrential rain in rotterdam. have a look at this. the dug—outs were flooded. and the pitch, well that certainly wasn‘t in any condition to play on, as one of the ground staff found out. that match has been under way at quarter of an hour and it took two minutes for germany to take the lead. from long range, with a little help from the danish goalkeeper who made a mistake. england have resumed their second innings against south africa on the fourth day of the third test against south africa. they will be hoping to take to —— 2-1 they will be hoping to take to —— 2—1 lead. 92—2, a few moments ago, england. jennings has just been caught out, two shy of his century.
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jennings the latest england wicket to fall. we will keep you updated on that. and you can listen to it on bbc radio 5 and on the website. later this afternoon great britain‘s adam peaty will attempt to win his third gold medal in the 4 x 100 medley relay final at the world championship in budapest. the british within also qualified in this event. earlier this morning max litchfield and qualified for the men‘s 400 metres individual medley final this afternoon. he finished second in his heat and was also second fastest overall. hannah miley just qualified for the women‘s 400 metres individual medley. she was eighth quickest. today is the final day of the ladies‘ scottish 0pen at dundonald links. australia‘s karrie webb isjoint top of the leaderboard, on six—under par alongside sie young kim. they tee off at around 12.30. georgia hall is the leading british contender in joint sixth place, she‘s level par, and she tees off in around 45 minutes.
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challenge cup holders hull fc are into another wembley final, after running in seven tries against leeds rhinos. after an even first 40 minutes, hull ran away with it in the second half. jamie shaul scored the pick of the tries, a 75 yard sprint. marc sneyd also kicked 15 points. hull will meet the winner of today‘s semifinal between wigan and salford. it is obviously what we have spoken about all season, making sure we defend the trophy as hard as we can and we did that today. you got married and now you are in the final. ijust told my mrs and i don‘t know which saturday was best, this one or last! it is a fantastic achievement with fantastic players. jonny brownlee‘s hopes of becoming world triathlon champion looking in
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doubt after coming fourth last night. spain‘s defending champion w011 night. spain‘s defending champion won the race and he is on course to successfully defend his title again. that is all the sport. more in the next hour. a record number of criminals have had their sentences increased under a scheme which allows members of the public to ask for them to be reviewed. last year, 141 criminals in england and wales had their sentences increased. the government says it wants to extend the scheme to include a number of terror—related charges. with me now from our studio in birmingham is philip ingram, security expert and former senior intelligence officer. can we concentrate on the government intention to introduce terror related offences into this scheme, which is called the unduly lenient sentence scheme. what to think of the proposal? came from, it started
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with the sentencing of a man in 2016 where there was public outrage she only was sentenced to five and a half years and only a few yards from where i am sitting, at the conservative party conference last year, amber rudd promised to the government would find a way of getting additional terrorist charges put into this unduly lenient scheme. is that a good idea? i think it is a good idea. we have to keep freedom of action for the judiciary and, at times, maybejudges are not com pletely times, maybejudges are not completely up—to—date with the public feeling, the feeling of the victims of terror attacks and there has to be some way of making sure individuals who have been dealt a lenient blow, can get their sentences reviewed and increased. this is adding certain offences to
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the list to a scheme that covers other criminal acts and they have added this so it can be referred under the scheme for sentences to be increased. how wide a problem is unduly lenient sentencing?” increased. how wide a problem is unduly lenient sentencing? i do not think it is massive but when it does happen, it causes a greater effect to the victims and causes public outrage. there has to be a mechanism to allow it to be corrected. so that the higher courts can make sure there is fair sentencing across the board. who could ask for a sentence to be reviewed, is itjust the victim? it is anyone. one of the cases is if there is a huge media outcry it can be referred to the cps and looked at. there is a time frame and looked at. there is a time frame and it has to happen within 28 days
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of sentencing and the cps have 28 days then to make their review. the government from the 8th of august will include 19 terror related sentences to this list that can be scrutinised. do you fear it might mean more people are swept up into prisons that might cause its own problems? we have heard about radicalisation in prisons, for example. we have people who will be sentenced to prison anyway. the scheme will look at potentially increasing that. it is passing a greater burden on to the already overstretched prison system and the issue of radicalisation in prison needs to be dealt with. the home secretary made comments in the same speech about dealing with that, but it is putting that level of responsibility into our overstretched prison system. many thanks. donald trump has criticised
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china over its relations with north korea and on twitter he accused china of making billions of dollars from trade but doing nothing to tackle north korea‘s nuclear threat, it comes after north korea carried out a second missile test in a month. the us said two bomber planes had flown over in response. 0pponents had flown over in response. opponents of the venezuela president. dateline london is coming up president. dateline london is coming up soon. now we will have the weather with sarah keith lucas. the weather is feeling autumnal. we have low pressure in charge. most of
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the showers at the moment are across northern and western parts of the country where there are heavy ones and thunderstorms around. further east, sunny conditions for another few hours. and we could have thunderstorms across northern parts of scotland. temperatures between 16 and 22 and in the south—east and east anglia, it will remain dry a good part of the day. the showers will drift eastwards to night, easing the way across england and wales and becoming dry hair. scotla nd wales and becoming dry hair. scotland and northern ireland will keep up with the showery theme overnight. through the day tomorrow, low— pressure overnight. through the day tomorrow, low—pressure sitting across the north—west and driving in further heavy showers, particularly for scotla nd heavy showers, particularly for scotland and northern ireland. england and wales seeing not so many showers. more weather on the website. for now, dateline london.
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hello, and welcome to dateline london. i‘m jane hill. this week, we hear more about europe‘s migrant crisis. one of my guests is just back from seeing the impact of the continuing flow of people into italy. we‘ll discuss the state of the french presidency. and — what a week in the white house. my guests this week are the writer and broadcaster yasmin alibhai—brown, agnes poirier from france‘s marianne, john fisher burns of the new york times, and the british—somali journalist and writer at prospect magazine, ismail einashe.
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welcome to you all. we will begin with the migrant crisis. we talked about it not that long ago, but it is an issue that is absolutely not going away. we have a great opportunity to discuss first—hand the issue, and some of the problems facing europe as it struggles to cope with wave after wave of migrants. ismail, you‘ve just returned from italy, which is bearing the brunt of this tide of humanity escaping war, famine, and people smugglers. what did you find? well, over the last several years, italy has become europe‘s‘s italy has become europe‘s migrant bottleneck. since 2014, 500,000 have arrived on italian shores.

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