tv BBC News at Six BBC News July 31, 2017 6:00pm-6:31pm BST
a century after the start of the battle of passchendaele, one of the bloodiest of the first world war, commemorations take place in belgium. remembering the fallen — prince charles leads a service at tyne cot cemetery near ypres to honour those who sacrificed so much. we remember it not only for the rain that fell, the mud that weighed down the living and swallowed the dead, but also for the courage and bravery of the men who fought here. among the guests today — descendants of those who fought here in the fields of flanders, where hundreds of thousands of lives were lost. also tonight: the enemy within. 18 years injailfor the royal marine who supplied republican dissidents. ciaran maxwell as a proud commando — but secretly he was making bombs for a terror group in northern ireland. undoubtedly i believe that
by being caught now, lives have been saved. number ten tries to stamp out cabinet bickering over post—brexit immigration, but is the row over free movement over? are you paying too much for your bank overdraft? the financial watchdog wants fundamental changes. moeen ali's hat—trick takes england to a thumping victory over south africa at the oval. and coming up in sportsday later in the hour on bbc news... a step towards safe standing in the premier league, after an influential liverpool fans‘ group voted in favour of the move. good evening from tyne cot cemetery in belgium, where commemorations
have been taking place to mark 100 years since the start one of the bloodiest battles of world war i. over three months, british and allied troops clashed with german soldiers in what became known as the battle of passchendaele. in the fields around this cemetery, around 500,000 soldiers, on both sides of the war, were killed, wounded or went missing. as the battle began, torrential rain fell. many soldiers drowned in the mud. some are buried here. many others we re some are buried here. many others were never found. but the names of many are etched in stone on the walls of this cemetery. robert hall reports. # in flanders fields # the poppies grow #. there are few more peaceful places than the gentle slope of tyne cot. today, among its white headstones, families look back across the years
to another big push. the battle we know today as passchendaele would last for over 100 days. we remember it not only for the rain that fell, the mud that weighed down the living and swallowed the dead, but also for the courage and bravery of the men who fought here. tyne cot overlooks the rolling farmland, streams and fields that once formed no man's land — a score of liquid mud and stagnant, stinking craters. bert fearns joined the lancashire fusiliers with a school friend at 18. bert fearns began his attack here, beside the german bunker that now lies within tyne cot cemetery. the lancashire fusiliers made their way uphill
towards passchendaele village. and a spot which bert later said he would never forget. we came across what would be about 100 yards square of bodies that had been caught in an artillery shrapnel attack. they were absolutely massacred. private edward michael baton, 13th platoon, d company, 45th battalion, australian imperial... private james monroe, south african infantry regiment. my great, great grandfather, rifleman stanley dorrit. .. my great, great uncle, private walter stevenson, 11th battalion, grenadier guards. voices and stories that inspire
acts of remembrance. like the story of captain noel chavasse — surgeon and olympic athlete, he was awarded the victoria cross twice for rescuing men under fire. i decided to get a tattoo... his great, great niece chose to carry a daily reminder of his heroism. perhaps we won't have such big government—funded events as this today, but what we will have are stories that we can pass down the generations in a way that i don't think should stop. for something that is so significant. flanders means endless endurance. flanders means blood and scraps of human bodies. flanders means courage until death. the story of passchendaele has been told for 100 years. tyne cot is likely to remain a place of pilgrimage for generations to come. robert hall, bbc news, flanders.
among the first over the top when the battle of passchendaele began 100 years ago today were the welsh infantry. some lived to tell the tale. others were killed within hours. sian lloyd has been talking to the relatives of two men who went out to fight that day. marking the moment the battle began, 100 years ago. infantrymen of the 38th welsh division advanced through these fields. at dawn today, they were remembered. 3000 welsh soldiers were killed or wounded within the first three days of fighting. they were sent into battle with the words, "better death than shame." some of those who made the ultimate sacrifice are buried here in this cemetery, among them
a 30—year—old welsh poet. private ellis evans was better known by his pen name. hedd wyn. inspired by the landscape around his home in snowdonia, he was a reluctant soldier, conscripted into service. he never in his life had a rifle in his hand. you might as well say he was going to the front line naked. he was killed within hours. a few weeks later, a poem he had sent from the front line won the highest honour in wales, the chair of the national eisteddfod. his absence at the prize—giving ceremony came to symbolise a lost generation felt by many farming communities. all the cream of the young men had been killed. for what? i don't know. for me, it doesn't make sense whatsoever. hedd wyn was honoured today in a special service.
among those taking part, sian rees, who has her own story to tell. her grandfather, bert hinder, was 19 when hejoined up. he survived the battle, and made his home in the seaside town of rhyl. sian cherishes her memories of him. he wasjolly, he was small, he had a terrible jokes, and he always used to give me a sixpence on a saturday morning. like so many, bert never spoke about the horrors that he saw. the miracle of the first world war is that although so many millions died, that so many thousands returned home and nobody knew what heroes they had been. # tell him we will meet again... #. the welsh division did achieve their goal of pushing back the enemy line.
the cost was honoured today. sian lloyd, bbc news, ypres. here in tyne cot there are almost 12,000 graves, but the vast majority of them have no names. the men who are buried here were never identified. tyne cot has come to symbolise the true horror of the battle of passchendaele. we'll have more from tyne cot cemetery later in the programme. for now, george, back to you. sophie, thank you. a serving royal marine who made and stashed potentially deadly bombs for a dissident republican terror group in northern ireland has been jailed for 18 years. ciaran maxwell, who's now been discharged, led a double life — a proud commando training hard with his brothers—in—arms, while at the same time supplying continuity ira with explosives and ammunition. june kelly reports. soon after he signed up, ciaran maxwell became the enemy within the royal marines. the seemingly proud commando was an opponent of the state in uniform.
on facebook, he posted this video of his training exercises, as he was supposedly serving queen and country. in reality, his six—year career was spent servicing the dissident irish republican group the continuity ira, as a bomb maker. he was a very accomplished and sophisticated bomb maker who could have supplied these devices over a long period of time to violent dissident republicans. undoubtedly, i believe that by being caught now, lives have been saved. maxwell came from northern ireland, and four of his bombs were used there by the continuity ira in residential areas. no one was hurt, but maxwell built 1a bombs, and he knew those he was working for were intent on attacking police stations and killing officers and others.
he had researched over 300 targets. it was near his hometown of larne that police uncovered the first of a series of hides he used to store his lethal stashes. these included timers and antipersonnel mines. fertiliser recovered here could have been the base for a bomb bigger than the one that caused carnage at enniskillen in 1987. as a member of the royal marines' elite a0 commando unit, ciaran maxwell was based here in somerset, and this is where he was arrested. for years, without ever being caught, he had been systematically stealing british military ammunition and adding it to his terrorist arsenal. as well as the locations in northern ireland, maxwell had a further network of hides in the west country, close to his home in devon. this was him under surveillance. he had 43 hides in total. he was also growing cannabis. this picture was recovered after his arrest. and he was smuggling it into his base, along with lsd. a former army officer
and northern ireland politician, doug beattie, is amazed at what maxwell got away with. we could have been looking at a loss of life perpetrated by a serving soldier of the british military. and if we don't have a look at our security checks and how we vet people before they join the military, then we are going to have problems in the future. the ministry of defence said all personnel are subject to regular checks, but ciaran maxwell, who once gave his fellow commandos a talk on the security situation in northern ireland, has severely embarrassed the royal marines. june kelly, bbc news. former bosses of the charity kids company could be disqualified from running businesses, following a government probe into its collapse. the insolvency service says it's bringing court proceedings against camilla batmanghelidjh and bbc broadcaster alan yentob. in all, nine of the charity's former directors are facing bans of between 2.5 years and six years. kids company closed in 2015, despite receiving a grant of £3 million from the government. family and friends of princess diana
have urged channel 4 not to betray her privacy by broadcasting controversial tapes in which she discussed her marriage. the footage, which first came to light in 2001, was recorded by her voice coach during sessions to help the late princess with public speaking. many of the recordings have already been aired on us tv. downing street has stepped in after days of public disagreement between cabinet ministers over what migration rules will be after brexit. the prime minister's office insisted freedom of movement will end on the day britain leaves the eu. but is that the end of the argument? 0ur political correspondent, vicki young, is with me in the studio. here we are, vicki, at the start of complex negotiations. and it feels as if ministers still don't agree on what they want. yes, it certainly is not the end of the argument. what
they do agree on is that freedom of movement ends at the end of march 20 19. that is really a technicality, thatis 19. that is really a technicality, that is the moment when britain gets back control of its borders. the odd, that is raging amongst cabinet ministers and mps is what they then do with this new power —— the argument that is raging. the chancellor is focused on jobs, and the economy. he thinks that if you just stop eu workers coming here overnight that would be bad for business. as he puts it, it all could look very similar to what we have now. on the other side you have cabinet ministers who think that people who voted for brexit will feel betrayed if what happened is that nothing changes. they think ministers should immediately try and get the numbers of immigrants down to the tens of thousands, that promised that has been broken for so many years. there certainly is no cabinet agreement on any of this. they are arguing in public, playing. those are committed in public, which shows a certain lack of discipline —— playing out those arguments in public. downing street is failing to
assert its authority at the moment. thanks, vicki. the government wants to recruit an extra 21,000 mental health workers in england over the next four years. the health secretary, jeremy hunt, says it's time to end what he called the "historic imbalance" between mental and physical health services. but the royal college of nursing has questioned whether enough new staff can be trained on time. here's our health editor, hugh pym. as a teenager, hope had a serious eating disorder. she thought she had got through it after treatment. but last year, a family bereavement triggered a relapse. she was offered therapy but was told there would be a 12—week wait, news she said was devastating. the way i was treated last year wasn't right. there were points when i did want to kind of end everything and when i never thought i would ever be well again. and it was at those points that i was so angry and annoyed at the system. when you cry out for help and you already feel guilty because you have got this voice in your head telling you that you shouldn't be
eating, you shouldn't be asking for help, so when you do call out for help and you get turned away, you don't think that actually, no one does care about you, no one does understand what you are going through. to cut down waiting times and expand mental health services, the government has announced an expansion of the workforce. we have worked out how many more doctors, nurses, therapists we need. we have worked out where we think we can get them from. like all plans, it will be challenging to deliver it, but we are determined to hold true to our promise to transform mental health services. the plan for mental health staffing involves an extra 21,000 posts in england by the 2020 financial year. this will include children's services, adult talking therapies and crisis care. but official figures show there was a fall of more than 5000 in the number of mental health nurses in england between march 2010 and march this year. the move has been welcomed by the royal college of nursing, though its leaders are sceptical about what can be delivered.
how are we going to do that in such a short time scale? other government policies are actually getting in the way of that. so we already know we have got one in ten post in mental health they can. so we have got to fill those as well as putting additional nurses in. critics argue that capping public sector pay rises and abolishing free tuition costs for trainee nurses in england will make it harder to recruit and retain staff. hope says she has pulled through her latest mental health setback. but she believes a lot more needs to be done to ensure people get the care they need, when they need it. hugh pym, bbc news. weigh top story this evening: commemorations take place to remember the dead on the 100th anniversary of the battle of passchendaele— one of the bloodiest of the first world war. and, still to come: donald trump shows off his
new chief of staff — but can he bring order to a blow for the world championships that start in london on friday, david rhodesia has pulled out. it may have happened to you at some point, that moment when you realise you've gone over your overdraft limit. now the financial conduct authority is calling for fundamental changes to the way banks respond, especially their high charges. most recent figures show a quarter of customers with an overdraft agreement went beyond that limit. in total £1.2 billion in charges and fees were paid to banks for unarranged overd rafts. our personal finance correspondent, simon gompertz reports. voiceover: meet v0|ceover: meet one of the millions who has fallen into a financial trap which we are now told has no place
in modern banking. 0liver, telephone engineer from in modern banking. 0liver, telephone engineerfrom milton keynes, did not just go into overdraft, he was allowed to go beyond his limit into an arranged overdraft with extra charges, and it has happened several times. i think the banks allow you to go over your overdraft intentionally because they know they will make money from it. personally, you should not be allowed to go past it, banks should put processes in place so that when you have reached your limit, you have reached your limit, and then not charge you.“ you stray into an arranged overdraft, charges range up to £10 a day, and £15 each time your anchor refuses or pays a direct debit, and up refuses or pays a direct debit, and up to 19% of interest to pay. so you went just up to 19% of interest to pay. so you wentjust a bit more than pounds into the red 16 days, the rbs select account would charge £80, including one refused payment. and at santander, one refused payment. and at sa ntander, £95. one refused payment. and at santander, £95. —— back out compare
with the price of taking out a payday loan, which you would expect to bea payday loan, which you would expect to be a lot, some banks are charging many times what payday lenders charge. the charges are very high on an arranged overd rafts charge. the charges are very high on an arranged overdrafts and secondly they are opaque and complex, people do not necessarily recognise what they are paying because they are not taking a conscious decision to say, let me take out an arranged overdraft, that does not happen. some banks have seen the writing on the wall, lloyds is telling its customers that from november, if they stray over their overdraft limit, they will not face any fees at all. it is a sign that profits from people going into the red are going to have to be cut. the clock is now ticking for banks to change their ways, as in industry, they have urged to make overdraft costs zero, at least, but the cia has promised a clamp—down by next spring. —— the fca. studio: the high court has blocked
an attempt to prosecute former prime minister tony blair over the iraq war. a former iraqi general alleged mr blair committed "the crime of aggression" by invading iraq in 2003. but the court said that no such crime exists and ruled there was "no prospect" of the case succeeding. an optometrist who failed to spot symptoms of a life—threatening brain condition in a child has had her conviction for manslaughter quashed. court of appealjudges agreed that honey rose could not have been expected to know that eight—year—old vinnie barker was at risk of dying. the footballer cristiano ronaldo has appeared in court in spain accused of defrauding the authorities of millions of pounds in tax. prosecutors claim the real madrid player used a company to hide his true income. ronaldo allegedly evaded paying more than £13 million in tax since 2010. he denies the allegations. president trump has sworn in his new chief of staff, the retired generaljohn kelly.
after a turbulent week of infighting at the white house, kelly is expected to bring a more disciplined approach than his predecessor, reince priebus, who was fired on friday. i'm joined by our north america editorjon sopel. how much of this is about a new chief of staff, how much about the man at the top...? great question, generaljohn kelly, 45 years in the marine corps, you would expect him to want to impose that kind of discipline into the white house, proper chain of command, white house, proper chain of command , processes white house, proper chain of command, processes for who goes to meetings, who gets to see the president, who does not. all things lacking in the past six months, but the real question is, will donald trump let him in that discipline? if you think of when donald trump was a candidate, there we re donald trump was a candidate, there were various times where we saw a change of campaign manager, and speculated about whether this would mark a change in the style of the donald trump operation, it did not
really, things carried on much as they were. there will be those that say, the proof will be in the pudding about whether donald trump will allow him the latitude to impose this discipline. the other thing, donald trump seems to quite like some of the chaos and noise and fast that surrounds him every single day, and, you know, donald trump would say, if you look at the stock market, which is at a record high, if you look at unemployment, at a low for 17 years, things are going pretty well. if you are an american not focused on the circus and pantomime here, and looking at what is happening in wider america, you may be thinking, things are pretty good. all right, thank you. cricket, and a spectacular moeen ali hat—trick helped england to a comfortable victory, in the third test against south africa, at the oval. it means england lead 2—1, going into the final test at old trafford. joe wilson was watching. voiceover: £20 got you into day, for the kids, a quid,
it created a queue, the very best of test cricket was on offer, with luck, south africa could not rely on the weather, is that a blue sky? next ball, vernon philander gave him his next wicket. batsman miscalculation. now, rowland jones going both barrels for the hat—trick. the debutant. not for him today. south africa needed to bat out the day to draw, dean elgar fought to 100. chris morris was out just before lunch, moeen ali was in the game. that dismissal left england needing just three more wickets to win the match and when they came, they came ina match and when they came, they came in a rush. first, brave dean elgar fell... rabada in a rush. first, brave dean elgar fell... ra bada out in a rush. first, brave dean elgar fell... rabada out first ball, nine down, could moeen ali win the match with three wickets in three balls, eventually, the computer, and the
umpire, said yes. there is no bad way to win a test but as finishes goes, this was one of the best. —— as finishes go. studio: the playwright and hollywood actor sam shepard has died. he was nominated for an academy award for best supporting actor for his portrayal of pilot chuck yaegar in the right stuff, and received the pulitzer prize for drama in 1979 for his play buried child. he was 73. we'll be rejoining sophie in belgium shortly, but first, time for a look at the weather. there was some sunshine to be had today, that is only half the story, also a lot of showers out there, northern ireland there, and through tomorrow, it is going to be a similar day, sunny spells and showers around. some rain through the middle of the week, and then we are back to where we
started, breezy and showery conditions, low pressure still in charge, staying with us, keeping things unsettled. in the south—east, scheuer showers few and far between, closer to the area of low pressure. —— showers few and far between. the odd rumble of thunder, hail mixed in, the eastern side of the uk becomes generally dry, we have further showers coming m, dry, we have further showers coming in, so it remains pretty unsettled, fresh night, 11 to 13 or 14 degrees, rural spots a few degrees lower, showers from early on across the western side will drift east, some of them could be heavy with rumbles of them could be heavy with rumbles of thunder, you are likely to see showers in east anglia than today. mostly dry with sunshine. top temperatures similar to today. 18, 23, 24 towards the london area. we look to the west, this next area of low pressure to head our way, ice
bars mean that there will be a fair old breeze, rain springing into the south—west, that will move its way into northern ireland, moving north and east, but the further north you go and the further east you go, you will not see the rain until late on in the day, into the early evening. that rain crosses scotland, and then, on thursday, for the most part, back to where we started, a fair bit of cloud, and some showers at times. let's return now to tyne cot cemetery in belgium, where, 100 years on from the battle of passchendaele, the prime minister and members of the royal family joined 4,000 others to remember the sacrifice made by so many in a battle that has come to symbolise the horror of world war i. sophie is there. among the 4,000 people here this afternoon were 100 british teenagers. they were brought to belgium as volunteers by the youth programme the national citizen service. i'm joined now by morgan mcarthur. 18 years old, explain why you were
so 18 years old, explain why you were so keen to come. although i already knew i had a relatively, actually coming here made me want to do so much more research into them, my relative here is my grandmother's uncle, he died at passchendaele, 26 september, 1917. he survived several weeks during one of the bloodiest battles of world war i. wearable to picture what he went through but the fa ct picture what he went through but the fact he managed to survive for so long was very warming. one of the tasks you have her body have been here is to escort some of the descendants of those that have fought here, incredibly moving. some young people were asked to escort the descendants, such a moving experience, it allowed us to connect with the different generations, so interested to hear our stories, and desperate to share ours with theirs. one woman was so emotional about her own story, lovely to have such a connection with her. you are one of 100 young people here, centenary
now, yourjob now, to continue this act of remembrance, to remember the stories of what happened here, do you think that will happen in such a way and continue in your lifetime. you think that will happen in such a way and continue in your lifetimelj hope way and continue in your lifetime.” hope the young people of today can carry this on, it is amazing that we are able to work with different generations. i have been able to make such a connection because i am the same age as the soldiers who fought, if young people can see that and young people can see people like me on television working at such amazing events, hopefully we can work together and make sure nothing like this ever happens again. that's all from the bbc news at six. so, it's goodbye from me, and on bbc one we nowjoin the bbc‘s news teams where you are. commemorations have been taking place in belgium,