welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: america's top general prepares to meet south korea's president, as the north says it has the right to develop nuclear weapons to defend itself. the white house defends president trump's response to the attack on anti—racism protestors in virginia. 70 years on from partition, we're in pakistan to find out what people think of the founding father's vision for the nation. and protests against plans to build a road through a bolivian national park. hello, and welcome to the programme.
north korea has said it has the right to have nuclear weapons for what it calls "a legitimate self defence measure for its survival from the vigor of the united states. " the statement comes as the head of the us military is getting ready for talks on north korea's nuclear and missile threats. generaljoseph dunford is in seoul to meet president moonjae—in and south korea's defence minister. afterwards he'll go on to china and japan. the bbc‘s richard galpin reports. on the pacific island of guam, people turned out in large numbers on sunday to pray for peace. they are now potentially in the firing line, as the stand—off between the united states and north korea continues. pyongyang has threatened to fire missiles toward this island, which is home to major us military bases. we are here to pray for the leaders of those countries to be able to remain calm, and think about the people, and the lives of the people we have here.
in japan, anti—aircraft systems were deployed at the weekend to shoot down any north korean missiles aimed at guam. this area of southern japan would lie on the flight path. this is the most serious crisis in the region since the end of the korean war, in the 1950s, according to some military experts. there is a real risk, by miscalculation probably, more than anything else, and by rather unbalanced rhetoric, of something happening that no—one intends. and i think it is very dangerous. i think we're closer to there being some sort of fighting in the korean peninsula than we have been since the ceasefire in 1952. despite this, us president donald trump is not toning down his rhetoric, particularly his recent statement that the us military was fully locked and loaded. i hope that they are going to fully understand the gravity of what i said, and what i said is what i mean.
so hopefully they will understand exactly what i said, and the meaning of those words. those words are very easy to understand. on monday, the united states‘ most senior general, joseph dunford, will be in the south korean capital, seoul, for meetings with the government there. the americans say there is no imminent threat of conflict, and the diplomatic track is continuing. but tensions are likely to rise even higher in a week's time, when yet more planned military exercises involving the us and south korean armed forces take place in the region. another show of force to try to convince north korea to halt its nuclear weapons programme. our correspondent in seoul, robin brant, gave me this update on the latest comments from north korea. these are words that emerged
in the state—run newsagency in the last hour or so. it is addressing what they call nuclear possessions. they say nuclear capabilities that north korea has in the vast majority of the intelligence assessment is they do now have nuclear capabilities. they say it is a legitimate form of self defence. that is often the russia now behind the justification for having nuclear weapons used by nuclear powers across the world. it is a deterrent, really. that is the logic we are hearing from north korea in this most recent of announcements. tomorrow, tuesday, the 15th of august, liberation day
in the north, we may hear more rhetoric from kim jong—un, north korea's leader. liberation day is one of those days throughout the year when we get statements or shows of strength from north korea. general dunford is heading your way. what will seoul want from him? are seoul and washington in lockstep in policy towards north korea? they are in lockstep according to military readiness. this has been going back 60 years. general dunford comes here to have meetings, notjust with the president, but also the minister of defence of the country. in terms of the military approach, it is clear that they stand together and are ready for "swift action," which was the phrase we heard over the past few days.
there are around 30,000 american troops here and south korea has a standing army half a million troops. south korea are key to protection in the region. they have the controversial thaad anti—missile system. he will also go to china and japan. general dunford comes here as part of a scheduled visit. it is not an emergency visit but nonetheless important. clearly, events in the north and the increase of the rhetoric will dominate. breaking news. security forces in burkina faso have sealed off 0uagadougou afterjihadists open fire ina 0uagadougou afterjihadists open fire in a busy street. reports say a hotel and popular turkish restaurant appeared to have been targeted. the communications minister says provisionally 17 people have been
killed and eight others injured. the police and army have clashed with gunman and there has been sporadic gunfire heard by people in the area. —— gunmen. we will bring you that and other developments as we get it. a day after violence erupted in charlottesville, the virginia state governor is trying to defuse the tension. governor terry mcauliffe denounced the people who attended the "unite the right" rally. it was the biggest gathering of white nationalist groups in america for decades. a 20—year—old man has now been charged with murder after a car was driven into a woman who was part of a counter—demonstration. laura bicker reports from charlottesville. after a violent day of division, charlottesville has come together to pray, to show that this city condemns the hate brought here by neo—nazis and white supremacists. the virginia governor went from row to row, hugging worshippers in this baptist church. he promised to keep politics out of the pulpit, but there was a message he felt he had to give. it is about politics
in that the political rhetoric in this country today has breeded bigotry. hundreds of white supremacists gathered in the city for a planned rally. brawling broke out as far—right groups, including the ku klux klan, were challenged by civil rights activists. the police dispersed the crowds, but the day would not end peacefully. a car, at speed, rammed into protesters. the crash killed 32—year—old heather heyer, who had fought racism all her life. police have charged 20—year—old james fields with second—degree murder. one of the organisers of the far—right rally tried to hold a press conference. he was heckled, almost drowned out. i would like to condemn any of the violence that happened yesterday. i disavow anything that led to folks getting hurt.
crowd: shame! shame! as the crowd shouted him down, he tried to leave, but instead he was forced to flee. police moved in to keep the protesters back. these people feel that bigotry has no place in the streets of charlottesville. but this could be any town, any city across america. it is an example of the simmering racial tension, and that has become heightened under president trump. the president stopped short of explicitly condemning the alt—right for these violent scenes, and some fear that having donald trump in the white house has emboldened white supremacists. it is important for us to call these people what they are — white supremacists. i don't understand why that is so difficult. that is what they are. they're not hiding this behind the statue. they didn't come here because of a statue. they came here, as david duke said, to fulfil the promise of president trump,
and take their country back. calm has been restored for now, giving the city time to remember those who lost their lives while challenging hate and trying to keep the peace. laura bicker, charlottesville. 0n the line is jason wilson, a journalist who has been working for the guardian in charlottesville. it has just it hasjust gone it has just gone ten o'clock at night over there. what has the atmosphere been like this evening? it is still tense. there was a memorial vigil for the woman killed yesterday. it had to be called off for credible threats. there was a spontaneous community gathering where she was killed. but they had
to call it off. it still feels like the city is under a cloud, a threat. the city has been systematically terrorised. it is not great. you have reported on these before. how does this compare? i have never seen anything like it before. they had a torchlight rally. 0n anything like it before. they had a torchlight rally. on saturday, they seemed organised, especially on saturday, they seemed militarised. they had body armour, helmets, shields, they were deploying gas weapons. they were throwing missiles and smoke grenades at protesters.
they were an extremely intimidating presence. they marched in military style formations down the street towards the park. you know, i have never really seen anything like this. you were describing it, people rolling. but i have never seen anything like this. —— brawling. reporting from charlottesville, thank you so much forjoining us. let's ta ke thank you so much forjoining us. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. scientists at israel's dimona top secret nuclear research centre have condemned the cabinets decision to get them to end a long—running partial strike. the cabinet said israel's vital interests were at stake. the researchers deny threatening essential services. the us vice president has defended president trump's comments that military intervention
could be an option to solve the crisis in venezuela. mike pence said a peaceful solution is possible, but the country is currently on a path to dictatorship. mr pence is in columbia at the beginning of a regional tour. the new york times has revealed the social networking site facebook discreetly launched a photo—sharing app for chinese users. facebook is banned in mainland china and has made clear its intentions to crack the tightly controlled market. the app, called colourful balloons, was released through a local company. stay with us on bbc news. still to come. it's 70 years since pakistan's creation. but what do people think of the founding father's vision of the nation, as they celebrate their country's emergence as a sovereign state. the big crowds became bigger as the time of the funeral approached.
as the lines of fans became longer, the police prepared for a hugejob of crowd control. idi amin, uganda's brutalformer dictator, has died at the age of 80. he's been buried in saudi arabia, where he lived in exile since being overthrown in 1979. two billion people around the world have seen the last total eclipse of the sun to take place in this millenium. it began itsjourney off the coast of canada, ending three hours later when the sun set over the bay of bengal. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: america's top military chief arrives in south korea as the north says it
has a right to have nuclear weapons to defend itself against the us. the white house has rejected criticism of president trump's response to virginia's racism protests. let's get more now on the current nuclear tensions on the korean peninsula. donald gregg is a former us ambassador to south korea who was also a national security advisor to george bush senior when he was vice president. i asked him what advice he would give president trump over north korea now. i would say cool it. i think that this is a time where it's very important to think before you shout, to look before you leap and we're
dealing with some high explosive issues. we're dealing with some people who are not noted for really fleshing out in detail what they intend to do. it's a difficult and dangerous time and i think we need to be very careful about what we say. we need to make sure we remain in clear touch with the japanese as well as the south koreans. i think going off half cocked is a very easy thing to do and i think this is a particularly bad time to do it. i think this is a time for us to sit down, talk to each other and say what is going on, what are the north koreans after, what will they sipped type for, how can we advance stability in north korea at a time
where the stakes are extremely high. in terms of the perspective in the other direction, you've been to north korea many times, do you think we're dealing here with a leadership thatis we're dealing here with a leadership that is rational in terms of what they want. do they have a strategy where yellow i think they do. i think kim jong—un is a where yellow i think they do. i think kimjong—un is a very bright, risk—taking young man. think kimjong—un is a very bright, risk—taking young manlj think kimjong—un is a very bright, risk-taking young man. i think he is someone we risk-taking young man. i think he is someone we need risk-taking young man. i think he is someone we need to risk-taking young man. i think he is someone we need to treat with care and respect. ithink someone we need to treat with care and respect. i think he has proven his metal quite well. i think we need to be very calm, careful, cool and collected and stop raising the temperature is and saying things of the top of our head that can be taken as indicating we are not
satisfied with a civil relationship and that we are worried about things that would exploit the military solution. for more on the current tensions with pyongyang you can look at our website and you will find out what it means for the country is caught up it means for the country is caught up in the north korean crisis. just go to: in kenya it's just a week after the presidential election, but once again people are being asked to show their support for the government or opposition, this time by deciding whether show up for work or stay home. while the official figures show that raila 0dinga lost the election by 9% he is calling for people to boycott theirjobs on monday. the government says the authorities will not allow a descent into chaos. from nairobi, alastair
leithead reports. no peace! no peace! they believe the election was stolen and have taken to the streets. 0pposition presidential candidate raila 0dinga toured his strongholds in the capital, the first time he has appeared in public since losing the election. "they knew they would be defeated and would have to steal," he told the crowd, "that's why they've come to kill innocent people, shoot them, put them in body bags and take them away." dozens have been injured and some people killed this weekend in clashes with police. well, the question was whether or not the opposition would accept the results of the election. it's pretty clear now they are not. they're calling for mass action and for people to reject this result. but it won't be national.
these are small pockets of protest. much of the country has accepted the result. i therefore wish to declare for uhuru kenyatta. president uhuru kenyatta was declared winner on friday night, beating his rival by a wide margin, and now has a second term in office. international observers declared the process broadly free and fair and the election commission dismissed claims the ballot was hacked or rigged. in a place with a history of ethnic post—election violence, tensions have been raised again. the opposition leader has done little to urge peace and is now taking his election challenge to the streets. alastair leithead, bbc news, nairobi. bolivia's president has formally enacted a law stripping a national park of its protected status in order to allow a new highway to be built through it. the highway plan was cancelled six
years ago following a national march by indigenous people. however, president morales, who is also of indigenous heritage, has accused his critics of colonial attitudes. celebrations from at least some of bolivia's indigenous peoples. but this occasion has provoked political fireworks in those same communities. at the rally in the city of trinidad, president evo morales signed into effect a law intended to allow development in a national park, created over 50 years ago, to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. the new law's been condemned by environmental activists but the president dismissed their objections. translation: this so-called colonial environmentalism is not interested in the indigenous movement having schools, hospitals, they‘ re not interested in the indigenous movement having electricity or that we have highways. the government wants to build a highway nearly 180 kilometres long right through the park. it says the vast majority
of indigenous peoples support the plan, but their are plenty who still oppose it. translation: president evo morales is enacting a law that will bury indigenous peoples and the country's heritage. he's driving a dagger into bolivians because he is destroying the heritage that belongs to bolivia. campaigners have pledged to take the case to the constitutional tribunal. they may also repeat a march on the capital that helped to feed a similar plan six years ago. bolivia's battle between environment and development is farfrom over. bill hayton, bbc news. the deputy prime minister for australia has revealed he may hold dual citizenship with new zealand. barnabyjoyce is the latest politician to declare links to other
countries, holding public office as a dual citizen is not allowed under australia's constitution. mrjoyce says he will ask the nation's high court to rule on the matter after receiving legal advice that he is not in breach of rules. 70 years ago pakistan came into existence. british colonial rule ended and partition split what had been india into two nations. as pakistan celebrates independence, reeta chakrabarti has been to the city of karachi, the first capital of independent pakistan and birthplace of the country's founding father, mohammed jinnah. it's pakistan's birthday, and at every street corner, there are flags and celebration. but its 70 years have been mixed. it was founded as a democracy but has had military rule and people have argued whether its founder, mohammedjinnah, wanted a secular state or an islamic one. i went to one of karachi's universities to ask students what they think ofjinnah and pakistan today.
mohammed jinnah, his name is the biggest in pakistan. and even every nation of the world. he is like a father. he is the father of the nation. he created pakistan. do you thinkjinnah would be happy with pakistan as it is today? he would be happy. he would be happy to see pakistan progressing every day, every day, every second. on this 70th anniversary of independence, the country is doing well, it is flourishing every day. i hope it will flourish more every day. mansour, do you think that jinnah would be happy? he would see the basic needs of the people — the basic needs of the people are not fulfilling right now. much of the problem lies in the religion. because people nowadays, they have... they're not tolerant. i mean, they're too much emotional. crowds come tojinnah's mausoleum to pay their respects. the country he founded was rocked again last month when the prime minister was forced to resign over corruption charges. finding political stability seems
to be one of pakistan's biggest challenges. reeta chakra barti, bbc news, karachi. a reminder of our breaking story this hour. security forces in burkina faso have sealed off the centre of the capital after suspected jihadists open fire in a busy street. reports say a hotel and popular turkish restaurant appeared to have been targeted. the country's communications minister said that provision only 17 people have been killed and eight others injured. the police and army have clashed with the gunmen and there has been sporadic gunfire heard by people in the area. we're keeping across that story and we will bring you any developments in 0uagadougou in the coming hours. i'm on twitter. get in touch if you want to. for now, thank you for watching bbc world news. good morning.
last week, the weather was pretty changeable, wasn't it? this week, it's more of the same i'm afraid. in fact, if we take a look back at last week, parts of eastern england had over 60 millimetres of rain. that's pretty close to a month's worth in just a 36—hour period. and certainly the south—east has been the wettest of the weather. pretty much close to normal at the moment so far this august in scotland and northern ireland. in fact, last week we had some decent spells of sunshine in western scotland. on wednesday, as you can, a beautiful weather watchers picture sent in, of sunshine, and a high of 21 degrees in glasgow. but generally speaking, last week, the jetstream was to the south. so we were on the colder side of the jetstream and the more unsettled one for some. through the weekend, though, the jetstream moved steadily north. that allowed for decent spells
of sunshine for many of us and also some warmth, particularly along the kent coast, with temperatures in the mid—20s. but it has all changed as we move through monday, with wet and windy weather pushing in. the heaviest of the rain will always be across scotland through the morning. it'll be fairly ragged as it moves through wales and south—west england. but in the south—east, we keep the dry, sunny weather, and the warmth. 2a degrees not out of the question, again, in the london area. but that rain will pep up over south—west england and wales overnight. not too much in the south—east corner, but some rain to clear overnight on monday into tuesday. it will do so so, then we have a showery regime with these weather fronts sitting across the country. some of the showers will be potentially heavy and thundery as well. but if you dodge the showers, it won't feel too bad. we could see highs of 2a degrees. a little bit cooler and fresher with some showers to the north—west. a brief ridge of high pressure builds for us before a change is sitting in the wings waiting for us for wednesday. 0n the whole, wednesday looks promising on the whole,
particularly in sheltered eastern areas. eventually, winds will strengthen with the rain pushing on. so the south—east will see the highest values. out to the west, a little more disappointing. then from wednesday night into thursday, we will see wet and windy weather pushing across the country. gales on the exposed coast in particular. this week, starting with sun and warmth, but then heavy showers, but feeling cooler later on. this is bbc news. the headlines: as the head of the us military prepares for talks on north korea's nuclear and missile threats in south korea, north korea says it has the right to have nuclear weapons for what it calls a legitimate self—defence measure for its survival, from the vigor of the united states. a day after violence erupted in charlottesville, the virginia state governor is trying to defuse the tension. governor terry mcauliffe denounced the people who attended the unite the right rally. it was the biggest gathering of white nationalist groups in america for decades.
security forces in burkina faso have sealed off the centre of the capital, 0uagadougou, after suspected jihadists opened fire on a hotel and turkish restaurant. the country's communications minister says that, provisionally, 17 people have been killed and eight others injured. now on bbc news, it is time for dateline london.