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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 14, 2017 7:00pm-8:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines at seven... president trump condemns the far—right groups involved in violent protests in virginia as "repugnant", following days of criticism of his initial response. including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists. a white nationalist activist appeals in court injunior after a car ploughs into civilians, killing one and injuring i9. hundreds of people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide on the outskirts of sierra leone's capital, freetown. also in the next hour... 70 years since the end of british colonial rule — india and pakistan mark the anniversary of their independence. partition led to one of the largest mass migrations of people
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the world has ever seen. at least a million people died in the sectarian violence that followed. a 50% rise in the last year in the number of airline passengers arrested on suspicion of being drunk at british airports or on flights. and no more bongs for a while. big ben will fall silent next week for nearly four years because of urgent repair work. good evening and welcome to bbc news. us president donald trump has finally explicitly condemned
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race—hate extremist groups, including the ku klux klan, two days after a protester was killed in the violent scenes that surrounded a far—right rally in the state of virginia. the president said racism was "evil" and the groups that espoused it were "reugnant". it follows widespread criticism over his previous comments on the weekend's events. critics said it failed to condemn far right bodies specifically. meanwhile, one white nationalist has appeared in court charged with second degree murder — a fter a woman died when a car was driven into a crowd of protesters. our north america editor jon sopel reports. the president has returned to washington from holiday this morning to meet the director of the fbi and the attorney general following weekend violence in cha rlottesville. meanwhile, in the university of virginia town, there were scuffles outside the court where james alex fields appeared this morning on murder charges after a car ploughed
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into antiracism protesters. oh, my god! badly hurt! the president's "everyone's to blame" response led to a firestorm of criticism. so why has donald trump been so unusually tongue—tied over this? well, the number of fully paid—up white supremacists may be relatively small but the number who have sympathies is probably far larger. they were among the most vociferous supporters of his last november. certainly, his surrogates have condemned the far right but donald trump reluctantly so. today, 48 hours on, a marked shift in language from the embattled president. racism is evil and those who cause violence in its name are criminals and thugs, including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists and other hate groups that are repugnant to everything we hold dear as americans. we are a nation founded
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on the truth, that all of us are created equal. we are equal in the eyes of our creator. we are equal under the law and we are equal under our constitution. but this was too little, too late for ken frazier. today, the boss of one of america's pharmaceutical companies resigned from the president's industry forum, saying... within minutes, donald trump fired back at this prominent african—american... donald trump has bent to criticism, something that has not happened often, but it has left many asking, why didn't he deliver these
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remarks two days ago? let's speak to our washington correspondent, gary o'donoghue. he is at the white house. a belated response from the president. is it enough to satisfy his critics on this? it will satisfy some, no doubt about it. it was a full—blown statement. very strong language. you heard him referring to the ku klux klan as criminals and thugs, and addressing the direct question of racism racist violence. there will be many who, having asked for him to come out and says something strong, it would be difficult to criticise the actual content of what he said today. but of course it is not the first thing he said in a martyr. he did something very different on saturday when he talked about the violence being on many sides, as he put it. on many sites. that upset a lot of people and caused a loss of
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belief that he was not really prepared these kinds of groups because they were, in some senses, supportive of him. we have the worse now, we will see how he goes in the next few days when he is not reading a prepared statement. —— be worse now. when he is ad—libbing, going off piste, if you like. let's see what he says then. but for the time being, this is what is critics wa nted being, this is what is critics wanted and this is what he has given them. thanks very much indeed. dr lawrence rosenthal is the chair of the centre for right—wing studies at university of california, berkeley. he joins me live via webcam. thank you so much for being with us. what is your reaction to what the president has said? this rather delayed condemnation of the far right. a couple of things. one is that what is notable about it as we have never heard these words from
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donald trump before. speaking about things like, this country, the usa, being founded on notions of people being founded on notions of people being equal. that equality is fundamental, a fundamental value of the usa. these are words we have never heard from the candidate, donald trump, the president, donald trump, before. they are plainly things he would not have written himself. but the second point is that while he may be rejecting or coming out against the alps right —— alt—right and violence on the right, that rejection is not symmetrical. the people who caused this tragedy in cha rlottesville, the people who caused this tragedy
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in charlottesville, those people are very explicit in that they believe they are fulfilling the promise of they are fulfilling the promise of the candidacy of donald trump. david duke, the long—time leader of the kkk, is very explicit of it that. using the phrase" fulfilling the promise of donald trump". in his first statement on this, when he appeared to be equivocal and blamed many sites, was because he did not wa nt to many sites, was because he did not want to offend the far right? is that you reading? the far right is essential to donald trump's base. donald trump went against, in a very profound way, the accepted logic of the republican star —— establishment
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and defeated i7 the republican star —— establishment and defeated 17 candidates. the excepted thought of the republican next average men “— excepted thought of the republican next average men —— establishment was it was necessary to have an opening to immigrants like latinos. otherwise, the party would no longer be viable as a national electoral party. what trump did instead was he violated that premise in the most extreme manner, attacking first mexicans and later, muslims, etc. and in so doing, he brought to life what had been the fringe of american politics. by fringe, i mean people who were on the outside, who did not have a place in mainstream american politics. the people who've come to be known as the alt—right. his essential premise is white supremacy. —— whose. those people
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per trump over the top. trump succeeded in putting together a national coalition, and electoral commission. well not sufficient for the majority popular vote, sufficient in the electoral college by finally reaping the activation and mobilisation of what had previously been a fringe. without them, trump would not be president. interesting to get your thoughts and your analysis. thank you very much being with us. i thank you. and we'll find out how this story and many others are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10.40 this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the author and broadcaster, natalie haynes, and rob merrick, deputy political editor of the independent.
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more than 300 people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide in the west african state of sierra leone. a hillside on the outskirts of the capital freetown collapsed early on monday following heavy rains, leaving many homes buried under a wall of mud. around 250 bodies have been recovered so far. james robbins reports. snatched video on a mobile phone shows a torrent of mud and water carrying away everything in its path. this driver risked his life on a bridge all but overwhelmed by the flash floods. freetown is an overcrowded coastal city. freetown has few defences against heavy rains.
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they come every year but not usually with quite such ferocity. around 250 bodies have been recovered so far, the authorities fear there could be many more trapped in the ruins of houses. a bbc reporter is there. i went down to the spot myself and you could see people using their bare hands, pulling up corpses from beneath the mud. the road itself is a disaster area, the road is almost impassable. there are massive rocks and this area, called mount sugarloaf, caved in in the early hours of this morning and it has covered literally dozens of houses. hundreds of people are feared dead under the rubble. there are some ambulances parked here, but it is becoming a recovery mission instead of a rescue mission. the victims in sierra leone are among the world's poorest people. survivors risking everything to salvage a few possessions, trying to hang on to whatever they can despite the rising water. celebrations have been taking place
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in pakistan as the country marks 70 years since its creation. at midnight on august 14th 1947, british colonial rule over india came to an end and the country was divided into two independent nations — india and pakistan. what followed was a bout of sectarian violence that split families and communities apart. the partition led to the movement of around 12 million people in one of the largest migrations ever seen. many muslims fled east and west out of hindu dominated india. similarly, millions of hindus and sikhs headed the other way. but today, it's the birth of their nation that pakistanis are celebrating. reeta chakrabarti has been following events in lahore. lahore feels like one giant st party the moment. you can probably see that. flag s,
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the moment. you can probably see that. flags, horns and of course fireworks. they are celebrating two things. the end of colonial rule understood enough of india. pakistan was created as a homeland for the subcontinent‘s muslim people but there has been a debate going on about what sort of country should be. i have been looking at the hopes of the country's founding father, mohammadjinnah, and of the country's founding father, mohammad jinnah, and looking of the country's founding father, mohammadjinnah, and looking at how differently his vision is being interpreted but people today. in pakistan's former capital karachi, mohammadjinnah‘s home is preserved with care and reverence. jinnah led the creation of pakistan, but today his legacy is hotly contested. just what sort of nation did he envisage? mohammad ali jinnah, pakistan's first governor general. as the british left colonial india, jinnah was desperate to secure the rights of the muslim population. the answer was a separate state, pakistan. our objective should be, peace within and peace without. but peace seems often to have eluded this nation,
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both within and without. poverty and security remain major issues and the debate over the role of islam rages on. a powerful message of inclusion... for this leading politician, jinnah‘s vision was for a secular pakistan, one that hasn't been fulfilled. i think mrjinnah would still be looking at moving us forward if he were here today. he made it very clear, it tolerated all religions, but we haven't been exactly the epitome of total inclusion that he sought. that's because others see islam as central to jinnah‘s vision. the constitution, they say, is islamic in nature and successive governments have failed to implement it. what otherwise was the point they ask of creating pakistan? translation: jinnah rebelled and struggled against secularism.
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there was secularism already in india with the hindus and the british and muslim identity was at risk. that is why he made pakistan, an independent islamic state. but others say pakistan's real problem is not religion, but the army. its might is on display every evening at the border with india, with troops strutting and goose—stepping in a full—blooded show of nationalism. over a third of pakistan's 70 years have been under military rule. what would jinnah have made of that? i think he would have been aghast. the military were supposed to be a subordinate organisation to politics. i think he never, never could have imagined that the military would have played such an important role and would have dominated politics, as it does today. he would be turning in his grave if he came to know that. the military was in ceremonial mode today with an airshow to mark the anniversary
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of pakistan's creation. it is a public holiday and people were out in force in a mass show of patriotism and celebration. jinnah‘s resting place is this magnificent mausoleum in karachi, a fitting tribute to the first leader. he bequeathed to his people self—government and a democracy, but pakistan still struggles with what its true identity might be. along with independence came partition, which brought with it shocking violence on both sides. pakistan correspondent has been speaking to those who fought, those who fled and those who helped shelter potential victims from slaughter. this man helped attack hindu
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politician who had been calling for calm after a muslim man was killed. someone struck him mine head with a brick. then the cry went up. whoever does not hit him, is not a real man. me and the rest of the code beaten to death. do you ever regret your role in the killing? our people were being murdered. you can we tolerate now? we wanted to kill even more. —— how could we tolerate that? i am still proud of what i did. up to 1 million people were killed in 1947. many of the most brutal attacks were on the trains carrying refugees into and out of pakistan, across the divided province of punjab. this woman is the eldest of five
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generations of for —— offer family. the trainer she and her five—year—old baby was travelling on to pakistan was targeted by sikhs. we hid under the luggage. they came on—board slashing everyone, cutting their faces, legs, on—board slashing everyone, cutting theirfaces, legs, gauging the allies. there were piles of bodies. we were silently praying. she lost nearly all her immediate family in unrest. the horrors she witnessed continued to haunt her. the fear never leaves you. continued to haunt her. the fear never leaves you. i still clearly remember how they used to strip people and cut them. even now i feel scared that any time someone might come until me. —— come and kill me. atrocities were committed by both sides across the country. even in these peaceful valleys north of
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islamabad, hundreds of sikhs were killed. but amidst a horror, there we re killed. but amidst a horror, there were heroes as well. this man and his father secretly hid seat neighbours from a rampaging mob. —— sikh neighbours. one night there was a knock on the door. seek girl was outside. she said, the love of god, let us know we will be killed. we sheltered them for two days. he is proud of what he and his family did. he remembers fondly the time that sikhs and muslims with your side—by—side. in pakistan, though, many prefer to look to the future rather than the past. each anniversary of partition has fewer left to live through it. —— who lived. there is optimism in present—day pakistan, particularly in the young generation. last month,
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the prime minister was forced to leave after corruption charges. and security is a big issue with two big bomb attacks in the last few weeks. tomorrow, i will be reporting from india as that country celebrates its 70th birthday. but, for now, from a very festive lahore, it is back to you. reeta chakra barti very festive lahore, it is back to you. reeta chakrabarti reporting from lahore. china will stop some imports from north korea following agreement to fully enforce sanctions agreed against the regime in the country. coal and iron imports will be suspended after the un and the united states put pressure on beijing to do more to rein in its neighbour. the move comes after south korea's president said he was confident the us would act reasonably and peacefully in the current nuclear stand off. moonjae—in said, "there must be no more war on the korean peninsula." a bbc investigation has revealed nearly 400 people were arrested on suspicion of being drunk at uk
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airports or on flights in the year to february — that's up from around 250. the home office is considering calls for tougher rules on alcohol sales. tina daheley of panorama has this report. cheering. drunken rowdiness at 37,000 feet. violence between seats. mayhem in terminals. it is what some uk passengers are getting up to on outbound flights or at airports. an investigation by bbc panorama has revealed arrests of those suspected of being drunk at uk airports and on certain flights has risen by 50% in the past year. and half of 4000 cabin crew who responded to a survey for the programme said they had experienced or witnessed verbal, physical or sexual abuse by drunk travellers. theyjust see us as barmaids in the sky. they would touch your breasts
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or they would touch your bum or your legs. ally has recently quit herjob as cabin crew. she's had enough. i guess i never reported it to the police because sadly, and this is completely wrong and only really occurring to me now, you kind ofjust accept it as part of the job. diverting flights because of drunk passengers can cost airlines thousands of pounds. phil ward runs the airlinejet2. he's already banned alcohol sales before 8am and wants airports and retailers to do more. two litre steins of beer in bars, mixers and miniatures in duty free shops, which can only be there for one reason. a voluntary code of conduct was introduced last year, which most big airlines and airports signed up to, including making it clear to passengers there could be fines or charges for disruptive behaviour. coconut rum, it's a bit early, but... never too early.
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the organisation running airports says the code does work but it's people drinking to excess that's the problem. despite this, there are calls for airport licensing to be brought into line with pubs and bars. the government is expected to make a decision on that this autumn. tina daheley, bbc news. and you can see more on this on tonight's panorama. plane drunk is on bbc one at 8.30pm. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news this evening. a man's appeared before magistrates in norwich, charged with murdering a grandfather who was stabbed to death as he walked his dogs. peter wrighton, who was 83, was attacked in woodland near the village of east harling in norfolk earlier this month. alexander palmer, who's 23, was remanded in custody before an appearance at norwich crown court tomorrow. armed officers in the uk's biggest police force are to be issued with head—mounted cameras.
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they will be attached to the caps and protective helmets of members of the metropolitan police's firearms units. scotland yard has yet to decide on how to use body—worn cameras in undercover armed operations. and a £200 million plan to build a bridge covered with trees across the river thames in central london has officially been abandoned. the garden bridge trust said it failed to get support from the london mayor, sadiq khan. more than £37 million has been spent so far on the project. farmyards across the uk are becoming fortresses — that's the warning from a rural insurer today. nfu mutual says crimes in the countryside have risen by a fifth in the first half of the year. last year, england bore the brunt of rural crime with the cost atjust under £34 million. next was northern ireland,
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at £2.5 million. and then scotland with 1.6 million and wales, 1.3 million pounds. our midlands correspondent sima kotecha reports. for farmers, it's an added pressure — having to constantly think about their vehicles and animals being stolen by criminals targeting the rural community. so this was the dome that was stolen. three of these off each tractor. just weeks ago, will had his gps systems stolen off his tractors, worth more than £30,000. it makes you feel sick that someone has been in your shed. everything was locked up. all the tractors were locked up. but they can just get in and take everything. and it is stolen to order as well, i would say. because you're not going to sell it at your local car boot. today's crime report says theft in rural parts of the country has been worse this year than in the first six months of last year. we're seeing gangs of very well—organised thieves targeting tractors and equipment that's worth hundreds of thousands of pounds. it is easily
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transportable to europe. they can get there in a matter of hours, and also it is being transported across the globe. as this form of crime increases, there are concerns that thieves are becoming more sophisticated. and that is putting more pressure on farmers to remain one step ahead with their security measures. so now they are installing multiple cctv cameras, electronic gates and, in some cases, they are using dna markers on their sheep to protect them from rustlers. david is a dairy farmer who makes cheese. last year, equipment was stolen from his workshop. do you think farmers are doing enough to keep their farms safe? you shouldn't have to do so much, should you, but we are certainly doing more than we were before. i think we just need more police on the ground, really. and i know that is probably a tall order under the current climate. we can only protect ourselves to a certain extent. we have been broken into twice and we have had a horse trailer stolen during sunday lunch.
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you know, how can you protect yourself against that? ask any farmer and they will tell you life is tough. but the additional threat of theft makes that burden even heavier and more stressful. let's see what the weather is doing. the forecast now. hello. like today, for the rest of the week, where we see the sunshine, it will feel pleasant enough but when you miss the sunshine, you've got the breeze and the showers, the generally cold trend for august continues. some of the worst of the wet weather is out there at the moment, pushing across north wales into northern england, southern and eastern scotland. overnight, some rumbles of thunder with heavy bursts of rain and we could catch some thunderstorms in the channel islands through to south—east england later in the night. elsewhere, skies are generally clear.
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just one or two showers into the morning and not a desperately start to tuesday either. any rain in eastern scotland lingers in shetland for a while. early rain in the south—east corner should clear by breakfast. and then it is a story of sunshine and showers tomorrow. a bit of a breeze. the breeze at its strongest, showers more frequent in northern england and scotland and northern ireland, but some of you avoid it altogether. east is best on wednesday for the driest and sunniest weather. in the west, make the most of the morning sunshine will cloud over with outbreaks of rain later. goodbye for now. hello. this is bbc news with ben brown. the headlines at 7:30pm: president trump condemns the far—right groups involved in violent protests in virginia as "repugnant", following days of criticism of his initial response. racism is evil, and those who cause violence in its name after criminals
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and thugs, including the kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists... hundreds of people are feared dead after a hillside collapsed in sierra leone's capital, freetown. locals have been using their bare hands to pull bodies from the debris. pakistan celebrates its 70th anniversary of independence, as many remember the violence and mass migration sparked by the countries partition from india at the end of british colonial rule. a 23—year old man has appeared in court in norfolk, charged with the murder of a grandfather who was attacked as he walked his dogs. his body was found in woodland near the village of east harling earlier this month. a sound you won't hear for a while — in a moment we'll find out why big ben will fall silent for the next four years. this week, india and pakistan mark 70 years
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of independence from britain — independence which created two states, but also a bloodbath of sectarian slaughter in which a million people died, and up to 12 million moved country — one of the largest mass migrations the world has ever seen. in 1947, the muslim—majority state of pakistan was born, with muslims travelling in one direction, hindus and sikhs in the other. james robbins has this report. 70 years ago, britain pulled out of india, seen as the jewel in its imperial crown. british rule, the british raj, had been unravelling in the 1940s amid increasing sectarian clashes. lord louis mountbatten, india's last viceroy, worked to transfer power as quickly as possible. the british even brought forward the deadline for withdrawal by almost a year. india then was home to almost 400 million people. hindus were in the majority,
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muslims made up about a quarter of the population. but no way could be agreed to keep them in a single, undivided nation. so independence also meant partition. creating not one but two self—governing countries. at the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, india will awake to life and freedom. the new borders were drawn up in just five weeks. on the 14th of august 1947, british india was heading to its end. over the course of two days, partition was also launched. the new largely muslim state of pakistan was born while the new india was celebrating its independence. but millions of people, muslims, hindus and sikhs, found themselves on what they regarded as the wrong side of the new borders. 12 million or more refugees fled from one newly created country to the other. fleeing from their looted, bloodstained towns
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comes a new exodus. a million displaced persons. independence has not yet brought peace. rejoicing turned quickly into horror and mourning. the new governments were ill—equipped to deal with such a panicked mass migration — one of the largest in history. there was a wave of massacres, each one sparking a revenge attack. whole villages divided on sectarian lines, tens of thousands of women were abducted, many raped. between half a million and a million people of all communities were killed. bbc correspondent winford vaughan thomas witnessed some of the slaughter. what we saw was a town soaked with the stench of death. we came to a row of one—storey houses. but i simply shut my eyes. for lying on the pathway and over the furniture and in the rooms, there were the dead. cut up, carved up, sprawling. after the optimism of independence, the upheaval and violence that followed cast a long shadow over the next 70 years. borders drawn in haste
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by the british government have repeatedly been a source of tension between neighbours. relations between india and pakistan have never recovered from the trauma of partition 70 years ago. james robbins, bbc news. nisid hajari is the author of midnight's furies: the deadly legacy of india's partition", which chronicles the partition of india and the riots and violence that followed. he told me that he believes the violence which followed partition could have been avoided. i think it clearly wasn't inevitable. there's plenty of blame to go around. obviously the british, at the time, were still in charge of law and order and i think they underestimated the potential for violence and overestimated their ability to control the various groups that were threatening violence openly. they believed that the mere threat of military force would intimidate them. but, of course, the two governments
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that took over from the british, on 15th august, the indian and pakistani governments, also have to take their share of blame. politicians on both sides whipped up hysteria and sentiments against the opposite communities. those demons they unleashed came home to haunt them on the 15th of august. the blood—letting on all sides were horrific, wasn't it? neighbours that had lived alongside each other for years and years suddenlyjust murdering each other. exactly. the savagery was stunning. journalists at the time who covered the violence, many of them had covered world war ii as well, and they said that what they saw rivalled to the horrors they had seen in the nazi death camps. it did affect ordinary people, but i think what's also important to remember is tht it wasn't entirely spontaneous. it's not that neighbours suddenly woke up one morning and decided to go and attack the neighbour
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they had lived next to for decades. there were small groups of militias, death squads, that were roaming around and pulling together large mobs of people and then a mob hysteria took hold. a lot of people, if you interview them now, say they don't even know what came over them, it was a sort of temporary insanity that led them to pick up arms and conduct this violence. we talked about the rush of decolonisation. the border between the new india and the new pakistan was created by the british in just five weeks, and by an architect, radcliffe, who had never even been to india. no, exactly. although, this is one element that is often brought up, radcliffe is often blamed for the violence itself. the fact is that everyone sort of knew about where the border was going to run. it had to be drawn along population wind, with muslim majority areas
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on one side and non—muslim majority areas on the others. the basic line of the border had been known about a year before independence. the real problem is politicians on both sides hadn't prepared their people for this. they hadn't really explained to them what this would mean, what kind of border they envisioned, whether people would have to move... they hadn't been reassured if they were a minority on the wrong side of the border that they would be protected, no matter who they were. that caused a lot of fear and anxiety, which led to the movement of people. just briefly, the madness, the insanity you have described. to what extent has that coloured relations between india and pakistan in the seven decade since, because frankly they are still pretty bad, aren't they, relations between the two countries? no, exactly. it goes back to partition. the relations between india and pakistan were set in this crucible, this violence,
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at their birth. many things have happened since then to exacerbate those tensions, but the basic relationship between them is still haunted by this original sin. and the fact that both sides have narratives about what happened that are almost mutually exclusive. they haven't been able to come together and agree upon what actually happened, who was to blame and how to share blame for what happened so they can move on to a more positive future. as we've been hearing, the rush to get across the new borders of india and pakistan in 1947 saw violence break out on both sides. two men, who were boys at the time, survived the bloodshed and now live in sheffield. they set out on a differentjourney to mark this anniversary. sabbiyah pervez has the story. 1947, millions of muslims flee for their lives on trains from india to pakistan. at the same time, as many hindus and sikhs are coming the other way. today, two children who were on those trains are meeting
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for the first time in yorkshire. hello. hello, hello. my name is malkit singh. pleased to meet you. my name is asad. malkit and asad are now in their 80s. asad is a muslim, malkit is a sikh. we are taking them both on a different train journey, to the peace museum in bradford. this is a map of india. these scrolls, they were written by people who survived partition. when the new border was drawn, malkit had already made the journey to india with thousands of other sikhs. but his father was stuck on the wrong side in pakistan. our homeland, punjab, was split into two... meanwhile, asad and his family were trying to flee in the opposite direction. special trains were the only way out for both, but each family faced a perilous journey. people were running like mad, as if it was doomsday. people had no idea what they were doing. they had children,
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luggage, they were running towards that special train. the mob of muslims has gathered there, and they try and murder them, but my father said i had a gun in my hand, you want to loot things in the house guard you can do it, but don't come near me. it was jam—packed, and it was nearly sunset time when we reached the border of india and pakistan. the people who were sitting on the top of the roof they thought they were in pakistan. they started shouting slogans. pakistan, long live pakistan, then the indian army got annoyed and started firing. one of the bullets whizzed behind my ear. it nearly touched my ear, i would have been dead if it had been in my skull, but god saved me.
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meanwhile malkit‘s father and brother had the luckiest of escapes when the murderous mob prevented them from getting on their train. my father and my brother were intending to catch that train and they missed that train, but that train has all been murdered, nobody escapes from that train. we think thank god, thank god that they weren't on that, but we were very sorry for the people and that were murdered, very about that. the asad on his final destination brought more heartache. we got off on that platform and we slept, we were so tired. in the morning one of my sisters was found dead. we had nowhere to go, no money, no house, nojob, nothing. seven decades later, both men have had ample time to reflect on whether their sacrifice is well worthwhile. and, like the border itself,
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partition still divides. i don't think partition was a good thing, because in my village, with muslims and hindus and sikhs, they live together like brothers. we'd visit each other's marriages and we we re visit each other's marriages and we were like blood relations. now i realise when we reached pakistan we had nothing, we had no place to live. they say all these people, either they should go back to india, or they should go in the sea. to india, or they should go in the sea. so this is what we got in return. we sacrificed everything for pakistan. but i am grateful to god there is a place for muslims, where they can live peacefully. nobody will say you go back from this country. at least we have our own country. more now on the mudslide
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in the west african state of sierra leone. more than 300 people are feared dead, and others remain trapped following the incident, which authorities say was caused by heavy rains. with me now is mark devlin, chief operating officer of unicef uk. do we know exactly what caused this mudslide? yes, it would have been torrential rains over the last couple of days which culminated in a significant mudslide early in the hours of the 13th into the 14th of august, into early this morning. that happened on the outskirts of freetown, the capital city, home to about1.2 freetown, the capital city, home to about 1.2 million people. those that mudslide on the subsequent floods have led to devastating implications for houses and lives in freetown, as
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you say, around 300 deaths estimated at the moment already, of which 60 of those children, who are reported injust one hospital at of those children, who are reported in just one hospital at the moment. sadly we are expecting this death toll to rise, as a result of the devastating floods and landslides. i know you have people there and there must be desperate efforts to try and find survivors, to dig through the mud and to find any survivors that there may be. absolutely, the scene is one of devastation. families are distraught, looking for loved ones they have become separated from. diggers are actively searching for and recovering people, and also sadly finding more bodies. the number of people sheltering in makeshift accommodation, we have information about 100 people sheltering in a school at the moment. a lot of people very worried, very frightened. from unicef‘s point of view, a huge priority for us is the safety of children, many of whom will have
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become separated from their families in this situation. our teams are on the ground, assessing the scale of disruption and separation that may have happened and the damage, so we can work out how to secure water sources. if water sources become contaminated, it is right circumstances for waterborne diseases in the weeks afterwards, like cholera. we are there at the moment assessing just how bad the situation it and planning our actions over the coming weeks. you already have big team in sierra leone and some of those people are swinging into action? yes, there is an established team in the country. it isa an established team in the country. it is a poor west african country. it is a poor west african country. it has faced a lot of challenges in the past and unfortunately this is yet another one. that team up there and will draw on resources elsewhere to respond in whatever way we can. heavy rains as you say, which are
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quite common in that part of the world. has sierra leone seen this kind of disaster before? that have been floods before. i think the scale of this particular one and the devastation it has wreaked in the area of freetown, this is big. the number of deaths certainly is not the level we have seen in recent yea rs. the level we have seen in recent years. that is very, very worrying and a situation we want to respond quickly. there is much we can do if we respond quickly, because unicef has the ability to bring supplies, water purification supplies, plastic sheeting to help people re—establish old to quickly and to set up facilities to protect children who may have become separated from their families. all of that can be drafted in very quickly, as long as we have the resource support to do that. good luck with all of that. cheap operating officer at unicef uk, thank you for your time. —— chief operating officer. the latest
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headlines on bbc news at 740 7p. president trump condemns the far—right groups involved in violent protests in virginia as ‘repugnant‘, following days of criticism of his initial response hundreds of people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide on the outskirts of sierra leone's capital, freetown. india and pakistan mark 70 years of independence from britain — a moment of freedom that sparked one of the largest mass migrations the world has ever seen. an update on the market numbers for you — here's how london's and frankfurt ended the day. all up. the bongs of big ben will fall silent for four years next week so that major conservation work can be carried out on its tower. the chimes will still be used however, for important national events such as new year's eve and remembrance sunday, as our political correspondent leila natthoo reports. big ben chimes the hour.
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these chimes have filled the westminster air for more than a century and a half, but soon a four—year pause as the great bell, big ben, is silenced, so crucial repairs can be carried out. if you can imagine running your car for 160 years nonstop, 24 hours a day, it will need looking at, so that is what we are doing. we will be able to at this time, because it is such a long stoppage period, check absolutely everything on the clock. chimes. it is still working, which is good. still ticking, for now, but the clock mechanism needs attention. it is connected to the hammers that strike the bells. piece by piece, it will be dismantled. the parts cleaned and restored. and because the whole tower is being renovated, too, the construction workers cannot be subjected to the regular ringing. loud chimes. it's deafening to be at this close range without these protective earphones on.
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but from next monday, big ben and all the four smaller quarter bells will get a rest, depriving westminster of its familiar soundtrack. repairs on the tower have already started and soon, the scaffolding will encase it entirely. not quite the same sight to come and see. big ben is big ben and people want to see big ben, not half a ben, a full ben. that would definitely be a bummer, for sure, to come all the way here and not to be able to see it. but you have to look at the advantages. if we are going to secure the tower for the future, forfuture generations, that far outweighs the inconvenience of having scaffolding up to two or three years. big ben will still be able to herald special events like the new year and remembrance sunday, but in the long break from its constant ringing, a strange silence will descend here, in the absence of its reassuring sound. leila natthoo, bbc news, westminster. we will miss those chimes.
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it's 50 years ago today since britain's pirate radio stations were outlawed — in the 60s they had changed the face of broadcasting — offshore stations that played continuous music and launched the careers of tony blackburn, john peel and kenny everett. but harold wilson's government introduced the marine offences act which forced most to close down. tim muffett looks back to a pivotal era in radio. in the early 1960s, the bbc played hardly any pop. commercial radio was banned. by broadcasting from international waters, pirate stations like caroline, radio london, and swinging radio england exploited a loophole. this was radio caroline's london ho, where tony blackburn had his first audition. did you have any sense of what a big deal this was going to be for you and for pop culture? yes, i did, yeah. i really thought this was going to be the start of something very big. # keep on running...
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broadcasting pop music from ships like this out at sea, the pirate stations were very popular. but on land, they weren'tjust winning over millions of fans, they also faced a powerful enemy — the government. the pirates are a menace and i don't believe at all that the public wouldn't support action to enforce the law. at midnight on the 14th of august 1967, the marine offences act became law. it was now illegal for british citizens to work on the ships or to supply them. many pirate stations packed up, but caroline continued broadcasting from the sea until 1990. it anchored further into international waters to avoid uk regulations. this ship, the ross revenge, was its studio throughout the 1980s. this is caroline in the afternoon... it's recently returned to the water. what we wanted to do is return the ship to a useful broadcasting purpose.
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because while we dine out on our nostalgia, which is our selling point, we also want to now look to the future. this is radio caroline. the sound of the who. # people try to put us down... having been streamed online since the late ‘90s, the station has just been granted a new am broadcast license. 50 years after the law that tried to ban them, britain's pop pirates are back on the water. # my generation, baby...# tim muffett, bbc news. it's been called the ‘seated man'. and some say it's an exciting work of art, but to others it's a blot on the landscape. the three—metre—high bronze statue has been installed in a remote part of the north york moors national park. and it's certainly dividing opinion, as phil connell has been finding out. in surroundings that have barely
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changed in centuries, there's something new. overlooking weste rda le, something new. overlooking westerdale, the seated man, a bronze three metre high stat you, contemplates a stunning view. in this rural corner of north yorkshire it's a half mile trek to find him, but most of those who make the effort surprised and excited by what they find. he looks as if he's really looking at the view and thinking, wow, this is amazing, because it is an amazing view. his hands his wedding ring commies nails, it's just view. his hands his wedding ring commies nails, it'sjust amazing. it's just fantastic. i commies nails, it'sjust amazing. it'sjust fantastic. i hope it stays here for ever. it's good. we only learned it by accident. we were in a ba ke ry learned it by accident. we were in a bakery and another lady said, have you seen bakery and another lady said, have you seen the big man on the moors? we said no, we'll go find him. fantastic, very majestic and couldn't have chosen a better place. approvalfor couldn't have chosen a better place. approval for seated man to sit here in westerdale was given by the national park. it is agreed he can
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stay up here for the next five yea rs. after stay up here for the next five years. after that, his long—term future will be reconsidered. but two miles below in castleton, his arrival hasn't pleased everyone. beautiful area of open land and this certainly looks out of place... tom chadwick is a retired artist who lives in the village. looks like fairground art, because it is such a representational piece of work. i don't think it enhances the landscape in any way at all. and the other thing is it bears a striking resemblance to jeremy other thing is it bears a striking resemblance tojeremy corbyn, so maybe westminster would be a very good place for it to be. on the moors, the seated man seems oblivious to any controversy. for him, just another day observing his stunning surroundings. let us know what you think. time for a look at the weather with matt
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taylor. good evening, the warmest day today of august at 25 degrees. take a look at the window in western parts of wales and thoroughly grey and wet. owing to this area of cloud, moving northwards and eastwards at the moment. spotting the odd thunderstorm as well. this evening and overnight it will push through north wales, northern england into southern and eastern scotland. some heavy downpours to go with it. later on the channel islands could catch some downpours with the odd rumble of thunder mixed in. for most, sky is clear, not desperately chilly start tuesday morning. for most it will be a reasonably dry one and a dryer and brighter day by and large in prospect for the south. the overnight rain will clear. some rain close to parts to kent so i can't
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promise it will be dry at this stage but dry for most. a few showers in the north, worst of all in shetland, where the rain will take a little longer before it lives. overall, a day of sunny spells for all and also some showers for some of you as well. the showers will be most frequent in northern england, northern ireland and scotland. many avoid the showers for the bulk if not all the day and in the sunshine, feeling quite pleasant, even though not a particularly hot day, 24 or 25 again in east anglia and the south—east. a ridge of high pressure builds on to the start of wednesday, linked into a deep area of low pressure pushing in from the west. this brings changes to the western half of the uk. if you have plans, make the morning the time to do it. after some early to and bright weather, rain in northern ireland i think, spreads to western scotland, west and wales on some parts of western england. much of england, wales and east scotland will stay drivers at morning sunshine turning hazier,
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eastern england potentially getting into the mid—20s. the good news is the wettest weather looks to be through the night as we go wednesday and thursday. some heavy bursts of rain, pushing eastwards. thursday it is back to sunshine and showers once again. some showers evian foundry and slow—moving, escape those unpleasant enoughin slow—moving, escape those unpleasant enough in the sunshine, as it will be on friday. this is bbc news. the headlines at eight. president trump condemns the far—right groups involved in violent protests in virginia as repugnant, following days of criticism of his initial response. racism is evil and those who cause violence then it names are criminals and thugs including kkk, neo—nazis, white supremacists. a white nationalist appears in court in virginia, charged with second degree murder, after a car ploughed into protesters, killing one and injuring 19.
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hundreds of people are feared dead and others remain trapped after a mudslide on the outskirts of sierra leone's capital, freetown. also in the next hour: pakistan celebrates 70 years as a sovereign state. partition from india led to one of the largest mass migrations
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