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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 22, 2017 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name's mike embley. our top stories: donald trump spells out his new policy for afghanistan. no nation—building but no let—up in the battle against the taliban. we must ensure they have every weapon to apply swift, decisive and overwhelming force. our troops will fight to win. we will fight to win. the us navy temporarily suspends operations worldwide after one of its destroyers collides with a tanker near singapore. spanish police say they've shot dead younes abouyaaqoub, the main suspect in the barcelona terror attack. and lights out. millions look to the skies to witness a rare event, the total eclipse of the sun. he was talking about america's longest military conflict,
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but his speech was short and to the point and even began with soothing words calling for national unity. president trump has made a prime time address to the american people, outlining his administration's vision of the us military‘s role in afghanistan. in front of a military audience at fort myer, he said he'd changed his mind about a speedy withdrawal from afghanistan, which he supported as long ago as 2007. he said gains made by the us in iraq had slipped away because of a rapid withdrawal there and he tried to put public pressure on pakistan and india to help stop the taliban taking over afghanistan. president trump said he had changed view on afghanistan in the seven
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months since he took office. my original instinct was to pull out. and historically, i like following my instincts. but all my life, i've heard that decisions are much different when you sit behind the desk in the oval office, in other words, when you're president of the united states. so i studied afghanistan in great detail, and from every conceivable angle. after many meetings, over many months, we held ourfinal meeting last friday at camp david, with my cabinet and generals, to complete our strategy. i arrived at three fundamental conclusions about america's core interests in afghanistan. president trump said it was possible that a solution in afghanistan could involve talks with the taliban. another fundamental pillar of our new strategy is the integration of all instruments of american power, diplomatic, economic and military towards a successful outcome. sunday after an effective military
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effort perhaps it will be possible to have a political settlement that includes elements of the taliban in afghanistan, but nobody knows if and when that will ever happen. america will continue its support for the afghan government and the afghan military as they confront the taliban. president trump signalled a change of approach in afghanistan away from trying to build the institutions of government in afghanistan and focusing more on counter—terrorism. ultimately it is up to the people of afghanistan to take ownership of their future, to govern their society and to achieve and of everlasting peace. we are a partner and a friend but we will not dictate to the afghan people how to live or how to govern
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their own complex society. we are not nationbuilding again, we are killing terrorists. well, for more on president trump's new military strategy in afghanistan i spoke a little earlier to our correspondent in washington aleem maqbool. it was interesting. every time donald trump speaks the first question is did he sound presidential or not? it's often down to whether or not he stuck to a script or not. this time he was very sober and sombre at points and he did stick to that script. it was interesting that he started by directly confronting the fact that he has changed his opinion on afghanistan pretty much 180 degrees. through the 0bama years he was talking about ending that war, now he's talking about in a sense prolonging it until objectives have been achieved. it was interesting that he made all
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these points but without spelling out the details, as he often does with military strategy, it's a big policy of his, he said it right through the last year or so, even through the presidential campaign, that he would not be signposting military strategy. so he sort of outlined what he was going to do in afghanistan without telling us precisely how it was going to work. so we're still a little bit in the dark about what it's going to mean in terms of troop numbers, although we are hearing from some officials it could mean an increase of perhaps 4,000 american troops in afghanistan from the current levels, which are about 8,500 american troops currently there. the other big shift, well, certainly the big signal in this speech was about how things will change in terms of relations with pakistan, which of course does get a lot of american aid. he talked much more about pakistan having to deliver on its commitment to fight militancy and there will be
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those in the pakistani military that will be very angered by what donald trump had to say, but he has said it and again we're not exactly sure how he's going to deliver on that new characterisation of the relationship. in this very difficult area, and this difficult relationship, you wonder what the pakistani government will make of this new role for india. rex tillerson saying india will be an important partner in an effort to ensure peace and stability, much more help with political and economic modernisation? these are the very things that historically have not gone down well in pakistan and not got the kind of reaction out of pakistan that america wants. 0ne, threatening pakistan,
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and the other thing is saying that india will have more of a role in afghanistan. those are the two things thatjust don't go down well in islamabad because ultimately what pakistan wants in that region is an afghanistan that is on its side ultimately when the americans leave, and so there are many that feel pakistan made the bet that at the end of it all the taliban would be the strongest force and that's why, to some extent at least, although they will never admit that they're doing that, that's why there's the sense pakistan has been supporting the afghan taliban. if you say to pakistan, "well, we're going to give india a bigger role in afghanistan if you also threaten pakistan," as i say, it's not always achieved the goal is america wanted. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. the iraqi army says it is advancing
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on the town of tal afar, the latest stage of a major offensive against the islamic state group. it says it has taken a number of villages on the outskirts of the town. the military are being urged to rescue people from the minority yazidi community who the militants may be holding as slaves. an earthquake with magnitude of a5 has hit the italian island of ischia off the coast of naples. at least one person has been killed and more than 20 injured. residents and tourists on the island ran out onto the streets from homes and hotels. several buildings have collapsed. the university of texas has removed three statues commemorating the us civil war era, saying they had become symbols of modern white supremacy. the operation to take down the confederate monuments, including one of general robert e lee, began overnight to avoid confrontations. at that start of that address on afghanistan president trump said he sent his thoughts and prayers to the families of the sailors who were injured and lost after the collision monday morning between the ussjohn mccain and an oil tanker in the strait of malacca. the us navy has ordered a pause in its global operations to reassess its fleet
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after the collision. ten sailors are still missing after the incident. it's the second collision involving a us navy ship injust two months. 0ur asia correspondent karishma vaswani reports from singapore. this is what happens when a massive oil tanker collides with a us warship. a gaping hole in the side of the ussjohn s mccain, an american destroyer with more than 300 crew on board. it was on its way to singapore when, just before dawn, it collided with this merchant vessel, the liberian—flagged alnic mc, an oil and chemical tanker much larger than the warship. it is still not clear how the collision happened, but ten american sailors are still missing, and five were injured in the incident. an international sea rch—and—rescue operation is under way, involving the us, singapore, and neighbouring malaysia. this is not normal, no. this is an international
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disaster for them. it's possible that some combination of poor seamanship or some combination of things going wrong with the ship, actually things physically going wrong with the ship, that could have led to this. this collision couldn't have come at a more awkward time for the united states. it is in the midst of its annual military drills with south korea, that was launched this week, and it follows another collision with another us warship earlier this year, with a merchant vessel. this trend demands more forceful action. as such, i'll direct an operational pause be taken in all of our fleets around the world. i want our fleet commanders to get together with their leaders and their commands to ensure that we're taking all appropriate, immediate actions to ensure safe and effective operations around the world. and the us defence secretary, james mattis, says there will be a wider investigation into us naval
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operations after the collision. the chief of naval operations‘ broader inquiry will look at all related accidents, incidents at sea, that sort of thing. he is going to look at all factors, notjust the immediate ones, which will fall rightly under the fleet commanders‘ investigation. all of this is raising questions aboutjust how effective the world's most powerful navy is in this part of the world. karishma vaswani, bbc news, singapore. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we meet the wild donkeys of northern cyprus, animals that have had to fend for themselves in a divided island. washington, the world's most political city, is today assessing the political health of the world's most powerful man. indeed, i did have a relationship with miss lewinsky that was not appropriate.
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in fact, it was wrong. in south africa, 97 people have been killed today, in one of the worst days of violence between rival black groups. over the last ten days, 500 have died. chanting: czechoslovakia must be free! russia is observing a national day of mourning for the 118 submariners who died on board the kursk. we're all with them now, within our hearts. the pope has celebrated mass before a congregation of more than 2.5 million people, in his hometown of krakow. "stay with us, stay with us," chanted this ocean of humanity. "well, well," joked the pope, "so you want me to desert rome?" this is bbc world news. our top story this hour:
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president trump has been spelling out his new policy for dealing with afghanistan, saying a hasty us withdrawal would leave a vacuum for terrorists to fill. let's get more on that story now. bill toggio is a senior fellow at the foundation for defence bill toggio is a senior fellow at the foundation for defence of democracies and the editor of the foundation for defence of democracies‘s long warjournal. good to talk to you. there was a lot of talk beforehand that he would announce nearly 4000 more troops, do you think that will still happen despite the fact it wasn't spelled—out, and what do you think what he did spelled—out? spelled—out, and what do you think what he did spelled—ounm spelled—out, and what do you think what he did spelled-out? it is certainly interesting. he emphasised this wasn't really an issue ofjust adding troops, that this was really adding troops, that this was really a greater strategy notjust for afghanistan but for south asia as well. when you look at it on its
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face, just the number of troops, 4000 troops is a drop in the bucket in afghanistan, the us had 100,000 troops in country just in afghanistan, the us had 100,000 troops in countryjust five years ago and the us —— taliban returned when they left. the important thing isn't just the 4000 when they left. the important thing isn'tjust the 4000 troops, it is that they will have greater combat enablers, air support and other combat enablers of that sort that will help afghan forces in the field. but also that the rules of engagement and the decisions to be made by commanders on the ground, they're no longer going to be subject to the restrictions imposed largely by the 0bama administration that have tied the hands of commanders when they‘ re that have tied the hands of commanders when they're going after taliban leaders or taliban fighters and they've had to pull back for legal reasons. i think that will make a difference. will this defeat the taliban? absolutely not. will it
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stem the taliban tide that is, over the country over the last of four yea rs ? the country over the last of four years? i think that's possible. —— that has come over. i think if this happens they will get more support from the president. the military does have the ability, general mattis that is, secretary defence matters, has the ability to increase force levels in afghanistan as well. the president has given him that authority. just looking at the troop number alone, you know, you're looking at a tree and not looking at the forest and through the greater pa rt the forest and through the greater part of this strategy i think the key pa rt part of this strategy i think the key part is what the president called pakistan out for, their support of terrorist groups that target americans and american allies in afghanistan. possibly a new role for india which pakistan might not like. peace talks
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with the taliban but it seems clear there is quite a lot of blood to be spilt according to the resident before that happens?” spilt according to the resident before that happens? i could not agree with him more. with the us and nato allies, they have sought an elusive peace for over a decade and the taliban has been perfectly clear that it uses negotiations at in order to extract concessions like getting five taliban leaders freed. look, i think the president... the speech was carefully crafted. when he talked about pakistan, saying it must change for its support of terrorists group. then he mentioned india and building a strategic
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partnership and we know india and pakistan are mortal enemies and if there is one thing you want for pakistan to start fearing you, they fear more robust partnership between the us and india and that is something rattling islamabad as we speak. we will have to leave it. bill roggio, thank you very much. spanish police say they've shot dead the main suspect responsible for carrying out last week's terror attack in barcelona. authorities say the man appeared to be wearing a suicide belt. it came a short time after twenty two year old younes abouyaaqoub was named as the man who drove the van which hit pedestrians on las ramblas boulevard last thursday, killing thirteen people. the bbc‘s tom burridge is in subirats where the operation took place. the hunt for a young man who murdered so many ended here. a normally tranquil part of the catalonian countryside this afternoon swarmed
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with armed police. in the sky, officers checking for accomplices. but, hunted for days, younes abouyaaqoub died out here, on his own. just before 5:00 o'clock in the afternoon, the catalan police have shot dead younes abouyaaqoub, driver of the van and perpetrator of the attack in barcelona on thursday, causing the death of 13 people. it all happened up in the hills above barcelona. "it is shocking for a terrorist to be in the village," this man told us. "everyone knows each other here." locals say abouyaaqoub was spotted by a woman this morning, who tipped off police. he apparently ran off into a field. in the space of nearly four days, younes abouyaaqoub had travelled right out into the countryside here, tens of kilometres
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away from barcelona. when confronted by police, he revealed he was wearing what appeared to be a suicide belt. one report says he shouted "allahu akbar," god is great in arabic, before officers shot him dead. earlier today, the man—hunt moved up a gear. cctv released of abouyaaqoub's movements, after he drove a van indiscriminately down las ramblas, new images of a man motivated to kill as many as he could. we think this video, filmed by a local woman, shows the car he stole after the las ramblas attack. the owner was stabbed to death. they got out of their cars with all their guns. lots of police suddenly arrived, in seconds. the police believe that abouyaaqoub was part of the larger network, which they have now dismantled. five suspected members were shot dead when they tried to carry out an attack last thursday
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in the town of cambrils. four more have been arrested. the authorities are hoping to gain valuable information from them. and two were killed in an explosion in the town of alcanar. they include abdelbaki es satty, an imam, and the network's suspected leader. the bbc has learned that he left brussels last year after being reported for his radical teaching. it was in the sleepy town of ripoll where he preached, where it is reveal he filled young minds with hate, where it is believed he filled young minds with hate, among them younes abouyaaqoub. his murderous mission ended here. born in morocco, at 22, he became a killer in spain. tom burridge, bbc news. it's a case that's gripped, and now shocked, denmark. a well—known inventor takes a journalist on his self—built submarine, only for her never to be seen again.
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police say the headless body of a woman has been found. since kim wall went missing, the waters around sweden have been searched for her. now a female torso has been found. there has been an extensive search of the sea. she was reported missing by her boyfriend. the submarine sank but the owner was found safe. he says there was an accident, that she died and he buried her at sea but he denies any wrongdoing. translation: my denies any wrongdoing. translation: my client has not convinced to anything. my client still please not
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guilty to the charges against him. now police believe he sunk his submarine and has been charged with negligence murder. he managed to build the nearly 80 metre long vessel using online crowd funding. his biographer has been speaking at about him. on the one hand he is a nerdy engineer type and then he has this more artistic kind of approach to the world. he builds rockets and has done his soul life. his plan is to shoot himself up into the sky. police say they cannot give any further information at this time is of the investigation continues to find out what happened to kim vahl. let's go to europe now, and the mediterranean island of cyprus. for more than 40 years it has
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been divided in two. many lives have been disrupted and turned upside down. and not all of those affected are human, as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. on the dry, dusty lands of northern cyprus, and infestation of sorts — donkeys... ..hundreds upon hundreds of donkeys. they can be seen all across this peninsula, popping up on country roads and sand dunes. wild beasts? well, sort of. they used to be domestic donkeys. and then they were abandoned, they started to live in the nature and they adapted to the nature, and now they reproduced and started to grow in the nature. this all goes back to 1974, when the turkish army invaded the north of the island. the greek cypriat owners of these animals fled, leaving their donkeys behind and so they so they became feral, learning to look after themselves. it is estimated there
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are around 2,000 of them. and they are becoming something of a local draw. they can be used for tourism. they are a very big attraction for the tourists, for local and international tourists. they are very cute animals, they're very friendly and they‘ re interesting. they have an interesting history on the island. donkey neighs. some worry these donkeys may be having a negative effect on local plant life. it is thought they may also have damaged crops and caused traffic accidents. managing their population might soon be necessary. for some, these wild donkeys may be just a little too wild... tim allman, bbc news. more on the cypriots donkeys and
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other news on the website. that's almost it from us, but before we go millions of people have been on the move to see a total solar eclipse across the united states. it was the first total solar eclipse to sweep the whole country in nearly a century. and this is how it looked. these are some of the best images from the day. thank you for watching. hello.
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it looks as though many areas are going to start off with a mild but murky start to the new day on tuesday. the weather front that's introduced this fare is just lurking there across the top half of scotland, still producing the odd bit and piece of rain. following on behind, a lot of low cloud. if you are in the high ground of the pennines, for example, you could have some conditions that will not be great, so take it easy first thing. it will take a time for the day to really get going. but we get some heat, pop some of that cloud, so i think the sunshine will break through the cloud and the temperatures will respond. i need to put into the mix this little feature ganging the showers togetherfor a time in northern ireland and the far south—west of scotland. some heavy downpours, there. dribs and drabs to be head across the north of scotland. the odd isolated but heavy shower there across parts of the north—east of england, coming down
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towards the sort of top end of the pennines, and then further south of that, a lot of fine, dry weather to be had after that dull start. still quite a bit of cloud around for some. i've shown widely 22, 23, 24, but with sunshine in the right place, we could well be looking at 26 or 27 degrees, and we haven't been there so far this august. the humid air is ahead of this cold front. during wednesday, that front will work from west to east, bringing fresher conditions from the atlantic. but that is going to take some time. there the band of cloud, and that is all it will be, in the south. ahead of it, that's where we boost the temperatures. the top end of that weather front will be quite active. so it's one of those days, or certainly one of those mornings, for the greater part of scotland. the rain becoming increasingly confined to northern isles as we move into the afternoon. widely into the teens across the western side of the british isles, with the last of the heat holding on in the south—east and east anglia.
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and then come thursday, pretty much we're all in this fresher run of atlantic air will come in moving from west to east. that area of low pressure will still be close to ireland. that pushes the front back and across northern ireland, so that is not a shower there, but persistent rain, and will be in the north part of scotland. elsewhere, a pretty reasonable day. temperatures coming back to the seasonal norm. but with a bit of sunshine, it will feel pleasant at about 21 or 22 at best. friday, similar sort of fare. still got the low pressure out there, still throwing the chance of some pretty hefty showers across the northern half of britain. the latest headlines. president trump has been spelling out his administration's new policy on afghanistan. he did say he was going against his original instinct for withdrawal. he said that leave a vacuum for terrorists. he said the us expected more help from pakistani and india to prevent the taliban and
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taking over. the us navy is to pause operations worldwide to reassess safety measures for its fleet after one of its destroyers collided with a tanker near singapore. ten sailors are missing. the chief of naval operations says there's no indication the collision was intentional. four men accused of being part of a terror cell which killed fifteen people in spain last week are to appear this morning in court in madrid. police in catalonia say they've shot dead younes abouyaaqoub — driver of the van that killed thirteen people in barcelona.
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