tv BBC News at Ten BBC News August 22, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
the war in yemen — the un accuses both sides of killing and maiming children. the smallest are the most vulnerable to famine, even in hospital there's little help. now the electricity is off. all the machines are off. all the incubators are off. all the oxygen has stopped, and this happens all the time. the saudi—led coalition is blockading a port in a rebel—held area, stopping food coming in. if something isn't done soon, literally hundreds of thousands of children will die in the next four to five months. we have a special report tonight, a rare glimpse inside what the un is calling the world's worst humanitarian crisis. also tonight: the four men accused of the barcelona attack — in the last hour, one has been freed without charge. donald trump admits he's changed his mind and decides to send more us troops to afghanistan. businesses across the north of england call on the government to commit to greater transport
links. the great british bake off on channel four — will it benefit or suffer from our changing viewing habits? and at the last minute, england's women beat france to make it through to the rugby world cup final. and coming up in sportsday on bbc news: celtic are into the group stage of the champions league. despite defeat to astana of kazakhstan, they progress 8—1; winners over two legs. good evening. we start with a special report tonight on the desperate crisis in yemen and the ongoing suffering of its people. in two leaked reports, obtained by the bbc, the un accuses both sides in the war there of killing and maiming children and says that the saudi—led
coalition is blocking the delivery of food and medicine. yemen is now in its third year of war, which has created the world's worst humanitarian crisis. 17 million people don't know where their next meal is coming from. and seven million more are facing famine. the war is between a saudi—led coalition, which supports the government. it includes many of the gulf states and is backed by the us and the uk — on the other side houthi rebels, with some support from iran. nawal al maghafi's report is from the houthi—held area of hudaydah. you may find her report distressing. many of yemen's children have only ever known war. child coughing. and hudaydah central hospital is full of them. victims of a conflict that has left their country battered, broken and starving. i first met dr abdullah al zuhayri a year ago.
he tells me things are now much worse. translation: we have started to see so many more cases of malnutrition. now, it's not only the poor bringing their children here, we are seeing cases of severely malnourished children from middle—class families too. he takes me to meet boy, just three years old, his immune system is failing. he needs intensive care but there are no beds available. his family stay by his side. as we talk, the doctor interrupts us. a bed has been freed and he is rushed to intensive care.
this is one of the area's last functioning hospitals, but it's on the brink. all these people have spent all the money they have to get this far. now the electricity is off, so all the machines are off, all be incubators are off, all the oxygen has stopped. and this happens all the time. the war between the saudi backed government and the houthi rebels is now in its third year. the region's richest nation — bombing its poorest. it's killed thousands and left millions homeless. we head across town. where ever you go, displaced people line the streets. with all borders closed, there's no escape. even the refugee camp offered no
protection for mohammed and his family. hudaydah is yemen's main port city, it should be a lifeline, but now it's barely operating, after the saudi coalition bombed the cranes and blocked their replacements. food should not be a weapon of war, food should be a weapon of peace. 95% of all the food that we need to feed the innocent people comes through this sport. if this port is bombed and completely made useless, literally hundreds of thousands
of children will die and millions of people will die along with it. but it's not just starvation that the war is causing. yemen now faces the worst cholera outbreak in the world has seen in decades. this 13—year—old caught it along with 18 members of his family. in the intensive care unit we get a desperate call from his mother. he's taken a turn for the worse. we arrive, but it's too late. as his father says goodbye,
the family asks us to carry on filming, to show the world these heartbreaking images. a three—year—old boy, starved and broken. another child born into a war that has now taken his life. nawal al maghaf, bbc news, yemen. our middle east editor, jeremy bowen, is here. images distressing beyond words, the scale of the suffering in yemen is hard to comprehend. yeah, it's absolutely horrendous. i've got some figures actually about that area, where that report was filmed. i've got the figures from save the children, who are very busy in that part of town. they've got a lot of information. it's one of the
ha rd est lot of information. it's one of the hardest areas, areas hardest hit by cholera and malnutrition. 27% of under fives have malnutrition. almost 9a,880, they say, are at imminent risk of death from starvation. don't forget as well that malnourished children are three times more likely to die from cholera than otherwise healthy children. the figures are terrible. we heard the un representative there pointing the figure of plain at the saudis, who are leading a coalition for amongst other things blockading the port. the saudis see it very differently, though. yes, they will also point to, in that leaked report, there were information there about grave violations carried out by houthis as well, including recruiting child soldiers, but the saudis see the houthis very much as tools of iran. when all this started, i sat with a senior saudi
diplomat and he said, "we are going into yemen and we're going to sort this out once and for all. we cannot have the iranians active on our doorstep." now there are many a nalysts doorstep." now there are many analysts who say the iranians are not as active as the saudis say. but thatis not as active as the saudis say. but that is the big motivation why they're there. the uk is involved. it is supporting the saudi—led coalition. yes, britain over the yea rs has coalition. yes, britain over the years has done some absolutely massive arms deals with the saudis. we continue to maintain as well through various contracts some of their equipment. so, yeah, we're a major supplier. britain is a major supplier to the saudi armed forces and the air force. the air force has carried out a lot of killings, according to this un information, of children in the area, these grave violations, as they're called. now there's pressure inside the un and from other players outside as well to say that this saudi—led coalition, which is all the countries in it are strong allies of
the west, including britain, that they should be put, the pressure says, on a blacklist of countries that carry out grave violations of human rights against kids particularly. jermey bowen, thank you. the four moroccan men, suspected of the attacks in and around barcelona last week, have appeared in court. one of them admitted that another bigger attack was being planned. but in the last hour, one of the men has been freed without charge. the latest now from tom burridge in barcelona. in the wake of the deadliest terror attack in spain in years, four men moved from barcelona last night. one by one they were led into a high security prison outside madrid. the four men in court today are all linked in different ways to last week's attacks and a wider plot. mohamed houli chemlal this morning taken to court in his hospital pyjamas. last wednesday he was badly
injured in an explosion in the town of alcanar. he admitted in court the group was planning a larger attack. he will remain in prison and faces terrorism charges. driss oukabir's passport was found in the rented van, which was driven with such deadly effect down las ramblas the following day. he has also been in prison and charged. the man driving the van, younes abouyaaquob, was shot dead by police yesterday in countryside outside bars loa nament another suspect, yesterday in countryside outside bars loanament another suspect, he owned an internet cafe. tonight he remains in custody pending further inquiries. there have been police raids tonight in ripoll and elsewhere. the fourth man in court, mohammed allah denied being owner of the audi a 3 used in the attack in cambrils on friday morning. today he has been released without charge. it's now been confirmed a speed camera clocked four of the attackers as they drove to paris in that very car the week before the attacks.
police in catalonia say their investigation is far from over. police in catalonia say their investigation is farfrom over. on las ramblas, five days on, there is a palpable sense of defiance. spain isa a palpable sense of defiance. spain is a country where much of life is lived outdoors and no amount of terror will change that. but of course, many lives have been cruelly touched forever. brave british tourist harry athwell, held a young boy, after he had been hit by the van. i was afraid for the boy at that point, when i looked at his injuries. they were severe. i was actually quite emotional as well. because i knew straight away this boy, had to be seven or eight years old, that's the same age as my son. like i said, due to the injuries, i was quite upset. the first thing i tried to do was just to check his pulse to see if he was alive. his hair was pulse to see if he was alive. his hairwas similarto my pulse to see if he was alive. his hair was similar to my son's hair. it was a bit shorter than my son's now, but the hair was the same, beautiful, thick, brown hair. i stroked it, itried beautiful, thick, brown hair. i stroked it, i tried to talk to him.
as more facts are revealed about the perpetrators of this, questions hang in the air. president trump has gone back on his often repeated calls for us troops to come out of afghanistan and announced that instead he'll be sending more troops in. in a speech, he made a rare admission that he had changed his mind and that the us would stay in afghanistan not to nation build, but to attack its enemy — the taliban. america's 16—year involvement in the war has seen over 2,300 troops killed and more than 20,000 injured. but as our north america editor, jon sopel, reports, there was no detail about how many extra troops will be deployed and for how long. donald trump on his way a rally in phoenix, arizona, with a tricky sales job on his hands. the man who likes to be a crowd pleaser, and who throughout the campaign delighted audiences with his promise to pull us forces out of afghanistan, "a gigantic waste of money
and american blood," he said. but last night, as the band played hail to the chief, he was preparing to hit the reverse thrust button on that policy. my original instinct was to pull out, and historically, i like following my instincts. but all my life i've heard that decisions are much different when you sit behind the desk in the oval office. but what this flip—flop means in practical terms is hard to assess. the president would not say how many additional troops he would send, nor commit to how long they would be there. the mission would bejudged by results, not timelines. and although kabul may be a long way from charlottesville, recent events in virginia were clearly on his mind when he said this: loyalty to our nation demands loyalty to one another. love for america requires love for all of its people. when we open our hearts
to patriotism, there is no room for prejudice, no place for bigotry, and no tolerance for hate. and some of his harshest words were aimed at the pakistani government, whom he accused of harbouring terrorists, while taking billions of dollars in us aid money. he called his new policy strategic realism, and summed it up this way. we are not nation—building again. we are killing terrorists. in phoenix long lines have formed ahead of the president's rally this evening. what do his supporters make of the afghanistan u—turn?|j evening. what do his supporters make of the afghanistan u-turn? i think mrtrump has of the afghanistan u-turn? i think mr trump has received new information. i'm reluctantly going to follow his lead. he's been listening and he knows exactly what he needs to do now. so that's why i am for his decision. i don't like what i'm seeing in afghanistan. but
i'm going to reserve judgment until i see the fruits of what's actually going to come out of this. the fruits right now are my money's being wasted. we're creating more terrorists going over there and i don't like it. though donald trump has tried to dress this speech up as marking a significant shift in policy, the most striking thing about it is the sense of continuity with the obama white house. and one other thing — now that this major policy announcement has come, this is donald trump's war in afghanistan not barack obama's, not the generals'. now he has ownership of something he never wanted to buy. suspect in that speech, president trump declared there would be more onus on the afghan government to perform better, in civilian and military terms. but the afghan government barely controls just over half of all the districts in afghanistan, and the taliban are gaining ground. it's estimated 31 afghan security force soldiers
are being killed every day — along with civilian deaths. from kabul, here's secundar kermani. this is the kabul military training centre, one of the largest of its kind in afghanistan. in a few months many of the young men here will be on the front lines of the fight against the taliban. for the past two and a half years it's been afghan soldiers, as opposed to international forces, that have taken the lead on the battlefield. there's no doubt that they've sacrificed a lot, thousands upon thousands have lost their lives. yet they've been unable to stop the level of violence in the country from rising. in the first half of this year alone, over 1600 civilians have been killed. whilst the government only controls just over half of the country. so the commitment by president trump not to allow afghanistan to fall to the taliban, has been widely welcomed by authorities here.
translation: the message is that the us will stand with the afghan people forever. the tougher stance on pakistan was also well received. translation: our neighbour has been given a clear message — that he cannot shelter terrorists. explosion. afghan security forces have long claimed that attacks like this one are masterminded in neighbouring pakistan. that's always been flatly denied by authorities in the pakistani capital islamabad, who point of the country's losses in their own war on terror. pakistan has suffered. it has suffered casualties, 30-40,000, and i think wounded is over 100,000, and we've lost manpower and we are losing them on a daily basis. we have lost civilians,
and they say we haven't done enough. i think this is grossly unfair. president trump today seemed to recognise there was no military solution to the conflict and instead there would be some kind of settlement with the taliban. for the moment, though, many more young men like these will go out to fight, and many will never return. secundar kermani, bbc news, kabul. the former boss of the retail chain bhs, dominic chappell, is to be prosecuted by the pensions regulator forfailing to provide information to an investigation into its sale. bhs went into administration last year, causing 11,000 people to lose theirjobs, and leaving a 571 million pound pension deficit. emma simpson has more. this time last year and everything must go — the end of an era of a once great high street name. dominic chappell, its former owner, he had no retail experience, but he bought the loss—making
chainfor£1. just over a year later, bhs collapsed into administration. this used to be bhs' flagship store, here on oxford street. the shutters are still down on what's coming next. what was revealed today, though, is that dominic chappell is being prosecuted by the pension regulator for failing to provide information and documents about a reasonable excuse. it wants this material because the regulator is still pursuing mr chappell over whether he avoided his responsibilities to the bhs pension scheme. i want to give an assurance to the 20,000 pensioners, i'm there to sort this. sir philip green sold bhs to mr chappell. after that promise to mps, he eventually paid more than £350 million in a settlement with the pension regulator. for this mp, bhs is still
unfinished business. there is going to be a search for truth and justice, even if it takes a long time, and the select committee will help play its part in that great unfolding drama. many stores still lie empty as mr chappell is summoned to appear in court. he's previously pledged to fight any legal action, denying he was responsible for the hole in the pension scheme. emma simpson, bbc news. an end to the north—south divide in investment in transport has been called for by two lobby groups, representing thousands of companies across the north of england. more than 70,000 people have signed a petition, demanding that the government spend more outside london and the south east. the high speed rail line hs2 will provide a faster link — between london and birmingham — then on to manchester, leeds and crewe. but businesses want a commitment to hs3, which would cutjourney times across the country
from west to east. jon kay has been speaking to passengers, travelling between liverpool and manchester, to gauge opinions. this train will be calling at manchester victoria, huddersfield... heading across northern england tonight, the 17.10 service from liverpool. on time, but for some it's just too slow. yeah, it's terrible, it's absolutely terrible. rona has spent six hours today commuting between yorkshire and merseyside and it's only 70 miles each way. it's a really long day. so for me, i left home at 6:30am this morning and i'll get home at 7:30pm tonight, so that's a very long day. so for my productivity, it impacts me tomorrow because i'm just shattered. while she is recovering, tomorrow the north of england's politicians and business leaders will be holding a summit to discuss building a high—speed link across the region. it could cut the journey from manchester to leeds from 48 minutes to 26,
and the 90 minute journey from liverpool to leeds to just one hour. just the section between manchester and leeds across the pennines can cost up to £7 billion, so do rail users think it's worth it? no, no. that's a lot of money. it's not worth that money. what do you think the money should be spent on instead, what would you do with it? spent it on education, spent it on health. it's always been the south, so why not the north for a change? definitely. i don't think it's a big deal getting somewhere ten minutes quicker, really. i think if they're more efficient, on time, better services, cleaner, i think that's more important. with a house on the wirral and a business in newcastle, herb would love a faster line but he thinks they are cheaper and more realistic ways of getting business moving. to make sure anywhere along any of the northern rails you would never drop a phone call, you would always be able to have high—speed mobile data available to you,
ideally wi—fi, but even just 4g would be a huge step forward. but raman thinks a new railway is the only solution and would help him expand from the north—east to the north—west. for us, better links towards manchester and liverpool, that would make it easier for us to do business in those regions. it could actually lead to the opening of an office in those regions, because at the minute we are quite restricted, in terms of what we can do in that region. but this could be a long and slow journey. it's about politics as well as the price, and the north of england is not the only region raising its voice and demanding urgent investment in infrastructure. jon kay, bbc news. a brief look at some of the day's other other news stories... rescue workers on the italian island of ischia say they've pulled out alive three children from one family, including a seven—month—old baby, from the rubble of their home after an earthquake struck last night. two people were killed and a0 others
were injured when it hit the holiday island off the coast of naples. the us navy says divers searching for ten american sailors missing since their warship collided with a merchant tanker near singapore, have found human remains. they were discovered in sealed compartments of the ussjohn s mccain, which was nearing port yesterday when it collided with the tanker. over 13 million people watched the final of the last great british bake off on the bbc. when it re—launches on channel 4 next week, the broadcaster will be relying on it to bring in increased revenue through advertising. but as our media editor amol rajan reports, the media landscape is changing, and the the way we watch tv is being transformed. this is channel 4's shiny new toy. nobody wants to be the first person to leave... great british bake off, poached from the bbc and due to air next week. the winner of the 2015 great british bake off is... this is what they want to recreate.
nadiya! cheering. watched by 13 million people on bbc one. channel 4 paid a reported £75 million for three years. according to the man who ran both channel 4 and the bbc, bake off is outside channel 4's remit. personally, i think channel 4 were out of their minds. buying a show like that, using a cheque book to buy ready—made bbc show, the most popular show on british television, it's not what channel 4 is there to do at all. it's there to be a nursery for talent and ideas, so i was quite shocked. voiceover: islamic state is the state of the muslims and we... but this is why it is happening — though a public broadcaster, channel 4 is commercially funded and believes only big audiences can generate the revenues necessary to fund shows that push boundaries. it's not going tojump, they can't jump. up you come. and the competition for eyeballs has become ferocious. four of the five biggest companies in the world — google, apple, facebook and amazon —
are moving dramatically into quality tv. queen elizabeth ii. .. meanwhile, streaming services like netflix and disney are investing billions in original programming to broadcast directly to hundreds of millions of customers. the marketing body for britain's commercial networks says there's no turning back. this is a time of great commercial opportunity for broadcasters and tv generally. the internet is often pitted as the great competitor to tv. in fact, exactly the opposite is the case. the internet is the future of tv, it's how tv is expanding, new viewing, new commercial models. technological innovation is changing both the supply and the demand of tv. on the supply side, the choice for audiences is greater than ever, and in terms of demand, many young viewers increasingly consume tv across multiple devices, ignore tv schedules and in some cases don't own a television at all. finally we called at the clarks, and although it was saturday we found all at home. time was when families
across the country would come together to watch a limited range of channels. that still happens, but on fewer applications. —— on fewer occasions. this family in kent illustrate the changing way parents and children watch programmes. is this a normal family scene, of how you guys watch tv together? it is, it is. when i come home it's the news that everybody watches, and theyjoin in and then after that they watch whatever they want to watch. do you guys watch tv with your parents most of the time or not? i live away from home most of the time, so my access to tv is very different, it's through my laptop and through netflix and bbc iplayer. i'm usually spending my time on nickelodeon or even watching the food network, good food. to quote the late sir bruce forsyth, television is today a generation game. while broadcasters from the bbc to channel 4 compete ever harder for the flagship shows that can bring a nation together, technology is pulling audiences and families in different directions.
amol rajan, bbc news. england are through to the final of the women's rugby world cup. they beat france by 20 points to three in belfast tonight, to set up a meeting with new zealand on saturday. our sports correspondent katherine downes was watching the action. sarah harding lot, rugby fans. brightening a great belfast date with all the sparkle a world cup semifinal deserves. come to add their voices to the roar of the crowd, however small. england, defending world champion tonight, faced a familiar foe, france, who proved a thorn in the side of the red roses over recent six nations campaigns, and so it would prove. by half—time there were only six points on the board shared between the boots of emily ‘s carrot and izar.
40 boots of emily ‘s carrot and izar. a0 minutes of crunching tackles, this was perhaps even more of a battle tha n this was perhaps even more of a battle than expected. england opened up battle than expected. england opened upa slight battle than expected. england opened up a slight lead at the start of the second half, another three points ha rd second half, another three points hard earned, ground up french mistake. even that try when it came to was inched over. england's battering ram finally puncturing a hole in france's defence. 20—3 disco. but also rendered finally by a french bumble at the final whistle. so relieved for england and the realisation that the world cup double is still possible, but if france were tough to beat, four times champions new zealand who beat the us is a earlier, wait in the final two claim the trophy they think is rightfully theirs.