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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 1, 2017 2:00pm-3:01pm BST

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in turn creating risks to the rules, in turn creating risks to the global system. nowhere is this clearer than global system. nowhere is this clearerthan in global system. nowhere is this clearer than in relation to the dumping of steel on global markets, something i know is a code and issue here. the urgent need to act to re move here. the urgent need to act to remove excess here. the urgent need to act to remove excess capacity has been recognised about enough has been done. but the 1930s also taught us the dangers of protectionism. it damages global trade. between 1929—1932, volumes of trade fell by a quarter and half of that was down to new trade barriers. barriers that deeply inhibited global and domestic growth. so it's through free trade we can deliver sustainable growth in out we can deliver sustainable growth in our economy. we can deliver sustainable growth in our economy. the bottom line is that the only sustainable way to deliver better public services, higher real wages, increased living standards, is by boosting productivity. this means more trade, not less. for britain it means maintaining our
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strong links with european markets once we leave the european union, as well as seeking out new opportunities for trade and investment with old friends and new alike. and of course with fast—growing and emerging economies. that is why the trade secretary, our trade secretary, was here injuly, to launch the us— uk trade & investment working group dedicated to strengthening our bilateral relationship. at home britain will remain open to talent, the ideas and the capital through driven success in the past. tackling regional disparities, creating an economy that works for all. we'll drive that message at a global level, too, by redoubling our efforts to open up new markets and strengthen the rules —based trading system to ensure trade is free and fair for all. for both the uk and us, the target, major target of that effort, should
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be the liberalisation of the service sector. it represents 80% of our economies. doing so gives us the potential to revitalise productivity and growth. but we must work together to convince other countries of the benefits. crucially we must continue to engage the multilateral institutions including the world trade organisation, because they have an important role to play in finding solutions that help share the benefits of globalisation. success is would help us demonstrate multilateral organisations remain adaptable and credible at the same time as delivering a global economy that works better for all citizens. inside the european union with many other member state we've worked to liberate trade and services. and we've had some success, limited, but some success. once we outside the european union and we'll push harder
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still. and we will, by spearheading a move to open up trade and services to boost productivity and growth industry in the uk and us have the competitive advantage. opening service markets brings another benefit. as the governor of the bank of england has said, a lack of liberalisation of services is one of the reasons for our trade deficit with the rest of the world. history has taught us large excess trade imbalances can be damaging for the entire global economy. these imbalances were a contributor to the financial crisis of 2007 and the eurozone crisis half a decade ago. surplus countries save vast amounts of money and some of these float to the west. it allows people to buy goods and houses they couldn't afford. whilst this financial crisis we have done more to regulate the financial institutions who allocate the capital flowing into our countries, these excess global
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balances persist. this remains a global problem and should be addressed with international solutions. we will play our full pa rt solutions. we will play our full part in helping to attain those answers. now, iwant part in helping to attain those answers. now, i want this commitment to greater international cooperation in matters of trade liberalisation to be matched by greater international cooperation on standards. we cannot outcompete, the uk, the us and our otherfirst standards. we cannot outcompete, the uk, the us and our other first world allies, we, outcompete emerging economies for cheap labour. —— we cannot outcompete. there's no point becoming cheaper than china and otheremerging becoming cheaper than china and other emerging countries who have lower wage cost advantages. i'm no fan of excess burdens for business but we can't do much to eradicate this disadvantage with less regulation. after we leave the european union we will not be engaging ina european union we will not be engaging in a race to the bottom, that will mean lower global standards for consumers and poorer
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prospects for our workers. an independent britain after brexit has the opportunity to lead to a race to the opportunity to lead to a race to the top on quality and standards across the globe. acting as global leader, raising standards across the world, focusing on the high quality, high elevation, high value—added sectors, where the developed world can compete, we and you can compete, to the benefit of workers and consumers to the benefit of workers and consumers at home and abroad. shared standards can lay the foundation for new trade deals. they can build trust between companies in different countries who want to start to trade with each other. they can also help develop better more efficient products which protect the consumer. take the automotive industry as one example, an industry where the safety of the consumer is paramount. the un economic commission for europe recently established a new safety standard for all vehicles electronic stability control. it is now standard for new cars registered
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in north america, europe and many other countries globally. standards can help protect the environment, too. the un international is a variation —— international civil aviation authorisation are working to reduce climate impact. in 2016 they agreed a new c02 standard for aircraft sold in 2020, setting a new benchmark for aerospace technology. these standards do more thanjust protect the environment, they help drive innovation, promote the uptake of new technology and industry, benefit our economy, too, helping companies to export new products and adopt new technology. it can help spread the new technology which is emerging in this third phase of globalisation, such as autonomous vehicles, electric cars and smart technologies. we're going to have to create a whole new class of standards in digital and data technologies where both our economies dominate. if we're going
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to prevent some regions using their own standards to produce anti—competitive nontariff barriers, some may beginning to grow on the date and digital front. people protecting their own economies by creating their own standards as barriers. the uk has an outstanding re cord barriers. the uk has an outstanding record of promoting standards domestically and internationally, i wa nt domestically and internationally, i want this to continue after we leave the european union. driving up standards across the globe, helping consumers standards across the globe, helping consumers to benefit from changing technologies, helping workers and companies compete in the new economy and helping us to build a country ready to compete in the modern world. it is our vision for britain after brexit. a bold vision of international cooperation in which countries like the us and uk provide global leadership. a britain committed to striking new free trade agreements across the globe, including with the european union. brit incorporating with friends and allies to drive up standards around the world. a britain that helps set
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the world. a britain that helps set the rules of the global system that works to ensure those rules are honoured. a britain which is liberal and international both in temperament and outlook. the britain that i have long campaigned for. thank you very much. applause caen i told them i would take questions. please don't restrict yourself to just the things i talked about, i know a lot of people want to hear about the details of brexit as well. as far as i can you all know you can't just walk around telling everybody what you're going to do in negotiation, as far as i can i'll be as helpful as i can. lady on the table over there. from the atlantic council. two brief questions. i could not agree more that with you on the importance of services in the global economy, have you had any success in convincing some of the top people in this
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administration who seem focused entirely on trade in goods? secondly, can you say something, provide a road map, for getting to the us — provide a road map, for getting to the us - uk provide a road map, for getting to the us — uk free—trade agreement. when do you think the foundation will have been laid in your relations with the eu so we can start to think about the timing of serious negotiations on that. on the first issue, liam fox has been working very hard on this and he's absolutely seized of the need to get agreement on services. we should theoretically be easier between us than most others, we share a common language if nothing else. he's been working at it. it's natural, i'm afraid coming politics, for people to focus on the obvious. it's easy to focus on the obvious. it's easy to see lots of cars crossing a border, whatever, it's harder to see
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the effect of the virtual world of services. we are working on that, you may be sure it's on our priorities. on the us — uk free—trade agreement, i suspect at the end of the day the limiting factor in time terms will be when we conclude the european union agreement. just so people understand, we are bound by a piece of european law called duty of sincere cooperation. forgive me, i'm going to dive into the court terminology. it means what we do cannot undermine anything the european union is doing, let's say in setting up its own trade arrangements. we can't act in parallel. technically we are restricted in the extent to which we can negotiate, but that reduction, that restriction reduces as we get closer to the end. one aspect here is what happens if we end up with what i call an implementation period, others call transition phases and so on. what i would say
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is, my expression is we would not have implementation in force during a transition period or implementation period, because that would be building a big loophole in europe's common external tariff barrier, but we can certainly conclude the negotiation and be ready to go on day one once it's over. in timetable terms that's how it goes. not very much out of line with what would naturally be the timetable anyway. we're big complex economies with huge volumes of existing trade, even bigger volumes of potential trade. you must expect the deal we do to be complex and extensive. although there is a technical limit, i don't think it'll prove to be a real limit. over there, sir. thank you very much a vista secretary. thanks for your great presentation today. two questions related to current
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european politics. you served in a government that was narrowly re—elected, at different times it was felt it would not be able to form a new government. how long will the current government remain, and are you absolutely certain that prime minister may will be able to write the final chapter in the brexit? my second question is, another great lady of europe will be in the news very soon, chancellor merkel is headed towards a degree election in germany for her fourth mandate. how will hurt real election and presumably enhanced hand hurt the brexit negotiations? two very good questions. i'm told to say my name, john, chief political correspondent with news max. john, my expectation is the government will last five years. we have
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changed our structure recently. it used to be prime ministers would call the election whenever they like, now we have five years, which makes it difficult to call it early. in terms of the brexit negotiation, your profession has great fun with us your profession has great fun with us sometimes on the politics of brexit. the real issue on brexit is mostly practical, what sort of deal do we need? what can we sell to the other european countries? what is in the mutual best interest of all of us? and that is the driver. it's the same driver within the parliament, there is a majority to carry through brexit in the uk parliament, and it will get done and gets done in time. with mrs merkel, we're very careful, government ministers, on commenting on other countries politics abroad, it gets us into an ending trouble if we break the rules, i've got to be careful how i respond. the primary
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effect of the european muster with the german election, on the brexit process, is a timing one. it's going to happen in september, september 26 i think from memory. normally after german election because of the syste m german election because of the system it takes 1—3 months to form a new coalition sometimes longer if it's an issue. if the new government which will be very important. within the politics of europe, germany is enormously important. it's the biggest country in economic terms, population terms, a paymaster in many ways. it has a lot of influence. it's a founder member. it's hard to overestimate the influence of it. the outcome of the german election, i'm not going to guess what it's going to be, i have my views and i'm quite optimistic about it, but i'm not going tojust publicly what it's going to be. the outcome of the german election will
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i think be to accelerate the process once it has happened. mike mullen with brambles, thank you for being here. for your working remarks on trade. we agree trade equals better lives for all people. the mechanics of trade, though, are something we know you are focusing on, we'd like to highlight an issue for you. 50 million pallets and other containers, hundreds of other millions of containers, go—between the channel, between both sides, carrying goods, fresh fruit, produce, fast—moving consumer goods, the federal sanitary standard if the status quo was changed would have to be changed as well, which would require heat treatment and certification of the pallets as they move certification of the pallets as they m ove a cross certification of the pallets as they move across borders, creating
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additional cost, notjust for the companies in this room, the companies in this room, the companies in this room, the companies in the uk and eu, but for mum and dad in weybridge, other communities. i know you've not had the pleasure of being able to get into the weeds that steep but we hope your team will welcome any thoughts you have on the mechanics and how we can improve. thank you for the question. generally, those not familiar with the arcane area of sanitary standards, it's one of the major issues in the cross—border trade post—departure. just to put it in context, not looking at trade with the european union countries, but trade into britain from outside the common external tariff barrier, 90% of containers are cleared in five seconds coming in, using electronic pre—notification
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mechanisms and so on. after this meeting, i've got one of the meeting in washington, i'm going to the canadian border to look there. i used to sell high fructose syrup across the border to big breweries in detroit and the like, so i was very conscious of my syrup going off if the customs people get it for too long. this is an area we'll have to doa long. this is an area we'll have to do a great deal of work in terms of ensuring that we have a parallel if not identical standard afterwards. one of the things people forget in this is the way we're approaching this is the way we're approaching this negotiation in parliamentary terms is we are ensuring unless we deliberately choose not to, unless we deliberately choose not to, every standard that currently exists, those we put in place now and then next two years, will be standards that apply to british products the day after we leave. when i return to britain over the weekend, the first
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thing i do when i get back to parliament pretty much will be going through the great repeal bill, which is the great continuity bill, which keeps in ourlaw is the great continuity bill, which keeps in our law all of the standards that exist. we have this spectacular unique aspect of this trade deal with the european union, which is unlike every other trade deal in the world, we start with our standards at exactly the same place as everybody else, there is no need to spend several years getting the standards alike, we know exactly where we are and know them well. that's the strategy. you're right, there are a lot of weeds to get into in it, but we are acutely conscious of it. in particular the agri— business area is going to be one of the most complex notjust in terms of that, but in subsidy paralleling and the rest of it. a complex issue which once we start down it will be eminently manageable because we're starting ina eminently manageable because we're
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starting in a good place. i'll take two more from the room. i'm required to take them from the press as well. ralph carter with fedex. i appreciate your strong pro—trade message, it's very helpful. following with a question on customs, i read one of the latest papers you mentioned that the uk put out with his vision for the longer term customs relations, i think you made two proposals. one would establish a customs regime, controls between the uk and eu, as you say, sea mless between the uk and eu, as you say, seamless and frictionless. the second proposal seemed to propose not having a customs regime, but trying to track and trace goods that came into the uk from other countries under other customs regimes. could you talk about the
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second proposal and how it would work, and the tracking in this image? this is the subject for a whole new speech, i'll try to avoid that. what the gentleman has asked is, we published a paper about the possible customs regulations. we put up possible customs regulations. we put up one proposal, which is a very practical proposal. it's all about facilitating, using automatic number plate recognition of vehicles crossing the border, pre—notification, using authorised economic operators, trusted traders, those sorts of things, to practically make the burden of crossing the border between the uk and the eu as low as it possibly can be. in northern ireland in visible. that will be doable if we have
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struck a free trade agreement, which is essentially nontariff, because then the only reason you have to stop at the borders are regulatory inspections, sanitary ones, and rules of origin inspections. that is the conventional approach. the other one is a blue sky approach in a sense, saying, ok, let's take a managed approach. we'll stay inside, look like we're staying inside a customs union, but we virtually control everything coming in, so if you sell into britain you get your tariff given back to you or whatever, but if you're going to export into britain for onward sale into the european union, pay your common external tariff when you come into britain, then move on. the advantage of that is it requires no great transformation of customs in france and holland and belgium and denmark, which we don't control. it
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means all of the problems for us to deal with, but it does have an administrative burden. if you are a company bringing product in, you have to track the product and know where it's going. that is the concept. it was a blue sky idea. i think the most likely is the first one, not the second, in other words, a practical one, and vast amounts of work are going into that, one of my ministers spend his time tearing his hair out following the critical path of all of the various practical changes, but that is how it works. that's how wide we're going in terms of imaginative options, it's true for customs and a series of other areas. one last one from the room before we go to the media. thank you secretary davis, and the ambassador of iceland in dc. i'm wondering how
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seriously you thought about using the european free trade association and the european economic area agreement as a transitory mechanism, in other words, for the period where you have to work out all the details before completely leaving the internal market. we obviously thought about it. one of the great arguments... none of you will have followed it in the detail i have two, but one of the great arguments to take place in the united kingdom is how much transition will we have, how will we avoid a cliff edge? sudden change. this transition period people tend to think of as a single thing. actually it's not, it's a different thing if you are a bank or in financial services than if you are producing agri— products,
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or if you are working in a regime which is heavily regulated, maybe ca rs which is heavily regulated, maybe cars or whatever. or indeed you've got cross—border traffic going backwards and forwards, you have a just—in—time manufacturing operation, so the first thing to say is the nature of the implementation period, the transition period, is not as clear—cut as people say, people think at the beginning. in terms of the idea of using nafta... for those not familiar, countries like norway and switzerland have different relationships through and ea arrangement. it has its own
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burdens and negotiating issue to get over, it doesn't necessarily save us much time, and the issue in this thing, as you can probably imagine, this is probably the most complicated negotiation in history, actually. our enemy, in no way, it's time. we've got to the years, we've got to conclude the negotiation in two years. the of transition is to give us more time for the practicalities to allow other countries to put new customs regulations in, allow businesses to change their ways of doing business to cope with the outcome. those are the reasons. it's not clear enough at this stage to know what the transition will look like, but adding another phase of negotiation would not necessarily help. it's not top of our list. we thought about it but it's not top of the list. i promised to take questions from journalists, trying to see which
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table they are on. where are you? gotcha. gary i can see you, let's start with gary from the bbc. gary o'donoghue bbc news. i wonder if you could address the issue of the current impasse on the divorce settle m e nt current impasse on the divorce settlement and the level of it. what is the government view of perhaps continuing to pay some money into the eu in the transition period, reducing the sort of block payment you have to pay before that in order to unblock the talks in october and get onto a trade deal, is it something you would consider? on a personal level, do you feel a lot more welcome in this town than you ever do in brussels? laughter you know... ianswer the ever do in brussels? laughter you know... i answer the second one first. it's more fun! this isn't the first. it's more fun! this isn't the first time that i've negotiated in brussels. i mean you'd have no reason to know, but basically in
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british political terms, my second name is lazarus. i'd come back from the dead. i left government pretty much on my own behest to go and fight on civil justice much on my own behest to go and fight on civiljustice matters. sometime before then i was europe minister. when, at the end of a long negotiation with the amsterdam treaty, the british press, probably gary amongst them, try to get all of the other players in the negotiation to say something disobliging about me. they found they couldn't get it because actually i take the view that you may argue, but there's no reason not to be friends. and eventually, however, they did get one of my fellow negotiators to comment on me, to give a comment on me, the financial times got him to say something. he said well, he said, david is a master of constructive obstruction, he is a charming bustard. the front line on
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the front page of the financial times was charming bustard, but actually i was rather proud of it. because i had to be charming, but sometimes difficult. it's what you are seeing now, there will be tough times. michel barnier who i'm dealing with now was on that team at the time. there will be tough times but the trick is to remember the end of it, we want an outcome which is everybody's interest. this is not a zero—sum game. all of you know, those of you who negotiate, the world outside things negotiation is all about machismo, but it's about finding solutions in everybody's interest. when we leave we want to continue to be allies, we are the biggest military power in europe in terms of spending, the biggest in terms of spending, the biggest in terms of spending in national development, a huge influence, we
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are very important in counterterrorism, we're the biggest intelligence power in europe. we're a science superpower like you. there we re lots of a science superpower like you. there were lots of things we want to stay friends on. that's the first thing, gary. i'm not going to do the negotiation from the lectern and you are too smart to expect me to do so. what has been going on, for the audience, we got to the point today where there has been pressure in the la st where there has been pressure in the last couple of days, pressure over the question of whether we pay a divorce bill, separation bill, and if so, what it is. there have been stories flying around, some emanating from paris, that one way to do this is to pay for the transition period and so on. i can't comment because transition period and so on. i can't comment because we transition period and so on. i can't comment because we haven't started that negotiation, but let me say this, we have, as i've explained, a very co nvex this, we have, as i've explained, a very convex negotiation to do an transition alone and when we come to that we will have questions to deal
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with in financial terms, i'm sure, as well. i'm not ruling anything in or out, i neverdo, as well. i'm not ruling anything in or out, i never do, as you well know. it's an idea that has been floated around. the contention that has been happening, again, for the american audience, the contention going on in the last few days is that the european negotiators are trying to say, well, we should settle the financial thing first, then trade and other things later. then we should do that because there isa then we should do that because there is a legal requirement on you. what we've been doing is, as you do if somebody provides you with a good bill, large bill, is go through it line by line. we've got very good lawyers. so it's getting a bit tense, but you know, it's only early stages in this. i will nothing out. in the interests are being fair, is
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lakmal a in the interests are being fair, is lakmalafair in the interests are being fair, is lakmal a fair way to describe the eu's approach to brexit negotiations? i never comment on other minister's views. we are in a difficult, tough, and complicated negotiation. i've said from the beginning it will be turbulent. what we're having at the moment is the first ripple, they will be many more ripples along the way. i will earn the first half of my financial times description, the charming bit, at great length. who do we have? two questions. they have made it pretty clear the uk will not be able to cherry pick advantages of being in
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the eu without being a member. how will you sell that to the uk voters, in terms of losing benefits. in terms of special relationship, the uk and us leading the world in standards, isn't the uk kind of less useful to the us now doesn't have a seat at the table in brussels? cherry pick. in negotiations you have pejorative terms frame. i could give you a list of things in the european union, that is cherry picking this i have told the british parliament they will be astonished by my politeness in the next two yea rs. by my politeness in the next two years. no point getting into a tit—for—tat exchange, you said this andi tit—for—tat exchange, you said this and i will be read to you back. it is ridiculous. not the way to do it. the issue in terms of the outcome of the end, what we want to see is a free trade agreement. people say how
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can you do that in two years? i get back to the point i made to the gentleman here. we are already at the point where our standards are identical, to the ones in the european union. we helped to set some of them. that is straightforward in terms of a free—trade agreement. bear in mind, the other way round, notjust the british population, we sell, the last numbers, but it is bigger, the last numbers, but it is bigger, the last audited numbers for trade with the european union, we sell 230 billion euros, think dollars. to them. they sell 290 billion to us. both those numbers has gone up. who has got the interest in a free—trade agreement? us or them? the answer is of course, though. there are parts of course, though. there are parts of europe which are very concerned about getting a free—trade agreement. it will have a big impact
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on all the north sea states. france, belgium, holland, denmark. rotterdam, one of the biggest container ports in the world, very concerned we have a decent free—trade agreement. not that cherry picking out about doing what is best for both of us. the us special relationship, people talk it up, and talk it down over the years. first thing, we start, as i said when i started this speech, i am proud to be here. you are country, this country is a country based on a fabulous idea. your founding this country is a country based on a fabulous idea. yourfounding fathers we re fabulous idea. yourfounding fathers were an incrediblyjudicious group of geniuses in designing a constitution for the country. their job was made slightly easier by the fa ct job was made slightly easier by the fact they've picked off parts of our constitution to do it. we had similar judicial arrangements,
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similar judicial arrangements, similar democratic arrangements, they are not the same, but similar enough. we have a common way of looking at things. we have spectacular corporation on military matters, intelligence matters, and of course we are huge trading partners to each other. and we are together in global financial services. if the french ambassador is in the room, i apologise, but financial services is an english—speaking trade, because of new york, london and of course hong kong and singapore. we have fantastic things that hold us together, continue to draw us together. 20 years ago you may have been thinking in the end of the soviet era, the reasons for holding is together have gone away. in the last 20 years we have found that is not true again. we know the worries are still there, that we still have natural disasters, i am are still there, that we still have natural disasters, lam being are still there, that we still have natural disasters, i am being way that my mind there. we know these
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things are massively important, and we are better at dealing with them together. stanley are separately. it does not matter what people say, it is up. we have the best bond between two countries that any two countries in the modern world have got, and indeedin in the modern world have got, and indeed in my memory. we are allies, friends, we are people with a common value system. we are the joint, not the only ones, but two major upholders of how a civilised country should operate. for that reason alone, i'm proud to be today. thank you much. david davies there, talking to the american chambers of commerce. trying to bring calm to concerns he acknowledged were in the room, from the various businesses about what brexit means to them. talking about
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transition, the transitional period for which he said means different things to different groups. notjust one thing. asked by our own gary o'donoghue whether he prefers being in washington brussels, he neatly avoided that. it was a speech of diplomacy, he cannot say very much specifically about the ongoing talks with the european union about brexit. let's talk to our political correspondent. no real specifics. brexit. let's talk to our political correspondent. no realspecifics. it was more about the mood music. this was more about the mood music. this was a pitch, to american business, of what the bright new future post brexit will be like. really making the case for free trade, promising britain would not turn inwards. and
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that they would still play a leading role in world affairs. making case for increased trade, urging against protectionism, something that donald trump has talked about in the past. talking about being a leader in global standards, working closely together with the united states, talking about the shared values between the uk and united states. talking about our closest, oldest ally and friends. talking about that briefly at the beginning of the speech, talking about what lay ahead in many years to come. this was trying to reassure us business, and the government there were better things ahead. inevitably he was asked about the comments from liam fox, where he used the word blackmail. again, he said i never comment on other minister's views on these things. we are in a difficult, tough and negotiation. he described
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this as the first of what could be several ripples. what can be read into that? that is the terminology he used. his whole approach has been diplomatic until now. even after describing the negotiations as tough, the third round. he has kept his cool, talking in quite a measured tones about how progress is going. saying he has not been under any illusions this would be difficult. certainly he refused to get into those comments by liam fox which he did say, the eu was trying to blackmail the uk in terms of paying the divorce bill before it can go onto the next phase of talks about the future relationship. david davis still trying to keep the town measured. it was a little despondent yesterday after those negotiations. no progress had been made on the eu side. david davis trying to calm the situation down, not play up the
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rhetoric, not express any frustration. at the same time, appearing realistic by saying it will not be an easy ride, there will be bumps on the road. this isjust one of them. he's trying to maintain a calm levelled approach. that he has been trying to present so far. also asked whether this is the governor to last the next five years and theresa may would be the prime minister. he said he expected both to be the case committee would say that. he's the issues in terms of negotiations were not political. that has been his line. to say we're not playing politics. the whole approach has been everybody's interest. it is in the uk's interest, be you's interest, the entire global community. for them both to strike a good deal afterwards. let's not forget, we are
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not in the process of striking the deal. we're still in the phase of talking about the separation, and thatis talking about the separation, and that is the main sticking point between the eu and the uk, that brussels wants to get all the separation and divorce issues, the bill over with first. before then moving the issue of the future relationship. david davis' line is that it relationship. david davis' line is thatitis relationship. david davis' line is that it is just practical, something to be worked out. starting from a very close point of cooperation. it is just about working at the finer details of the bill. at the moment there is a bit of an impasse. david davis wants to move these talks on, as soon as so to this future relationship, but the eu is adamant we are not making enough progress as of yet in getting the divorce and
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withdrawal arrangements sorted out first. thank you very much. aid agencies are describing flooding across south asia as one of the worst regional crises in recent years. more than 1,200 people have died in india, bangladesh and nepal, and millions have been affected. many people are sleeping on roadsides and in makeshift shelters. angus crawford reports. once a main street. the only traffic now, makeshift canoes and boats. look at the pole he's using. it almost disappears under the waters. across bangladesh, almost a third of the country has been affected. heavy monsoon rains making this the worst flooding in decades. the whole region has been hit, with more than 1200 dead, and more than a0 million forced to leave their homes, affecting india, nepal, bangladesh, and now pakistan. the level of devastation is horrible and it's massive. millions of children have been affected, and as we know,
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throughout the region there's a0 million people overall, in all of south asia. so right now the rains have subsided and people are starting to clean up the debris. in mumbai, on india's west coast, 33 people were killed when this building collapsed under the weight of heavy rain. the youngest victim a 20—month—old baby. 500 miles away, pakistan's biggest city, karachi, was brought to a standstill, streets submerged, more than 20 people dead. in bangladesh, millions made homeless have gone to higher ground. vulnerable to disease, they count the cost and hope to rebuild. angus crawford, bbc news. the local government of
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the local government association said they could be a shortage of school places, but the department of operation gerry education says the figures are misleading. —— department for education. which one of you is right? these figures cannot be a surprise, with the primary figures you note what is coming? i'm surprised to hear the department for education thinks these figures are misleading, it is based on their own figures. not a surprise we have this bowl is coming into secondary schools. we have had 11 years notice. councils have said this problem is coming down the road, we simply don't have the powers we need to make a good job of the basic responsibility to make sure every child has a school place. when you say you don't have powers,
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over academies and generally? there are two big problems, two thirds of secondary schools are academies. if bush was to come to shove, councils don't have the power to force them to expand if that was the only way of getting a good school place for every child. have you had to do that with every academy? councils are pretty good at solving this problem, we have been doing it for a few yea rs we have been doing it for a few years now. we have plenty of experience including the voluntary schools, and often the problem gets sold. there are parts of the country where schools are refusing to expand. for car tools where the vast majority are academies, that is a real problem. compound pounded by the fact that councils don't have the fact that councils don't have the power to set up our own new schools ourselves. with this control of our powers, councils are trying to do of our powers, councils are trying todoa of our powers, councils are trying to do a difficultjob, managing a bulge in the number of kids coming into the secondary system with one hand tied behind our back. the
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department for education says you have a statutory duty to make sure there is a place for every child. they say they have allocated £5.8 billion of basic needs funding between 2018—2020 to make this happen. is that not enough? that money goes for a whole range of things, maintaining building schools. they are saying the money is there. pretty scant cancellation for pa rents of is there. pretty scant cancellation for parents of schools with holes in the roof. parents have expectations that the buildings good condition. simply not enough money in the pot. we need money to do that, and change the provision. what is absolutely clear, councils are trying to make the best of this in difficult circumstances. largely doing a pretty good job of it. however more kids in the system, more schools becoming academies means we don't have the powers over them. free
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schools decided by civil servants emma whysall, rather than local councils who know the area best is pa rt councils who know the area best is part of the problem. that is why we are issuing the warning. age is jealous of the power they have come in the academies? we don't want to run schools on a day—to—day basis. it is ourjob to distribute money. it is ourjob to distribute money. it is ourjob to distribute money. it is not ourjob to run schools. headteachers do they really well. it is not for me to interfere in the day—to—day running of the school. what we're saying, it is very well having that duty, but we don't have the power to fill the duty. councils in schools find it difficult to come toa in schools find it difficult to come to a voluntary arrangement. in schools find it difficult to come to a voluntary arrangementm in schools find it difficult to come to a voluntary arrangement. it would appear to be to a voluntary arrangement. it would appearto bea to a voluntary arrangement. it would appear to be a warning sign, what is the fear of where you will be in
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five years? by five years living there could be 125,000 people without a school place if nothing changes at the moment. that is across changes at the moment. that is across england. councils will increasingly do deals with local secondary schools, make arrangements. find ways to bring the number down. with the growing bulge coming into the secondary school system, we have known about it for awhile, but haven't seen the action to do anything it. with more and more schools becoming academies, not being able to expand if we really needed to, we're saying there is a problem here. we would need more powers and fugitive on the problem properly. and money? and money, but the power would help. in a moment, the power would help. in a moment, the summary of the business news. first there were headlines. international trade secretary liam fox has accused the european union are trying to blackmail britain to accept a brexit divorce bill. gas has suspended nine members of staff
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from immigration removal centre near gatwick following a bbc panorama investigation. allocations silly neck allegations include offices mocking, and abusing people out there. the behalf of low—paid pa rents a re there. the behalf of low—paid parents are struggling to juggle childcare with work. two in five are penalised for asking for flexitime. according to a new survey. the business news. growth in the uk's manufacturing sector accelerated last month. according to accelerated last month. according to a closely watched survey, with output, orders and employment picking up. this is the marketing cpi yes purchasing index. any figure above 50 indicates expansion, production increased at the fastest pace for seven months helped by a pick—up in new orders. volkswagen,
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toyota, renault and kia havejoined kia have joined the diesel scrappage scheme. they are offering incentives on all older models. seam out of five low—paid young parents asking for flexible work arrangements are penalised as a result. this comes from the tuc survey. they are given few hours, worships, some of them lost theirjobs. a survey of 1000 pa rents lost theirjobs. a survey of 1000 parents suggests a government spokesperson said that businesses must have a legitimate reason to refuse flexible working. we had the numbers out on payrolls in work and
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out of work. we have seen over the last month 156,000 people employed in the us, less than we were expecting. let's get the details. those figures are very disappointing, should be worried about them ? disappointing, should be worried about them? economists looking for close to 180,000 for the month of august. this was below that. broadly speaking most people say you could ta ke speaking most people say you could take these numbers in your stride. often in august, you tend to see a slight decrease in hiring compare to the previous months. the other thing, for the month that is most likely to be revised higher later. if you break down the report, the unemployment rate is slightly higher, in terms of where jobs were created. you are looking at
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manufacturing, the health sector. a continuation of trade in the broader economy. the key thing is what will mean for interest policy. what we feel about interest rates? people looking at december, but people less sure about that in the last month or so. that is right, earlier this week we had a report pointing to stronger growth in the us economy. revised to 396 in growth in the us economy. revised to 3% in the annual growth rate. we have the job report which was slightly disappointing. now the calculation has changed. people talking that perhaps the fed will. the rate hike may be held. that was all before harry kane harvey, we are yet to figure out what the impact may be. for many, maybe the fed may
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be holding fire. the effects of these jobs numbers, how be holding fire. the effects of thesejobs numbers, how is be holding fire. the effects of these jobs numbers, how is the market behaving? you have to look not just the stock market behaving? you have to look notjust the stock market, but at the dollar as well. the dollar reinforces what we have been talking about. the way the dollar is reacting at the moment, they are pricing it like they don't think the fed will move. it is less likely that the odds have been reduced. the markets are up on the news. why but they gave up on what's on the face of it is a disappointing report. the market is likely to remain steady for a longer period. that may put pressure on the dollar normally. we will have to wait and see. i understand there was news out of you rip having a counter effect. other business stories we have been
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following. the rac has warned drivers to expect a hike in unleaded petrol prices and the coming days. largely as a result of storm harvey. the price of a litre of petrol could rise up to four p a litre. taking the price above 100 zip. such a price is not scheme scenes of december 20 1a. money put into cash individual saving accounts has fallen by one third year on year. low interest rates and tax changes make them less attractive. in the 2016 financial year, cash isa holders played silly neck at £858.5 billion incident. in the last financial year only £39 billion went in. davies @ hmrc. four in five british adults are proud of the work they do. two don't enjoy going to
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work most days, and the comrades survey conducted for the bbc five live also digested women are more likely than men to enjoy their work. they said that public sector workers have more pride in theirjobs than those in the private sector. on the markets. not a huge amount of movement. we suggest that the august holiday season. cannot expect too much from the markets. and it is friday. the raf are the first branch of the military to open up every role to women. from today they can join the raf combat force, patrolling
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airfield. michael fallon described it as airfield. michael fallon described itasa airfield. michael fallon described it as a defining moment. this is significant moment for the raf. the first branch of the british military to open up all areas of the service to men and women. women can already fly planes. but now they can apply to join the raf‘s currently all—male infantry combat unit, which patrols and protects airfields. they fought in afghanistan and suffered casualties. the raf regiment is relatively small, just over 2,000 strong, and with women making up about 10% of the air force as a whole, there's unlikely to be a flood of applications. lastjuly, former pm david cameron overturned hundreds of years of military tradition to allow women to take up front—line fighting jobs. in april, the royal armed corps opened its doors to females.
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pm theresa may was there to witness the graduation at sandhurst of the first recruit. today, it's the raf‘s ground fighting force opening its doors. and by the end of next year, women should be able to join the even more physically demanding army infantry unit and the royal marines. not everyone welcomes these changes, but after studies concluded women are physically up for the fight, now potential recruits can take up their right. mark lobel, bbc news. time for the weather. it may have been a chilly started the day, of sunshine. some clouds starting to build, showers breaking out. a feud dotted through northern ireland, scotla nd dotted through northern ireland, scotland and north west england. most of the cable hold on fine weather. sadly scotland, pennines, scotla nd weather. sadly scotland, pennines, scotland into east anglia, some heavy and thundery downpours. even
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in these areas, some will escape them. for many places dry, variable cloud, sunny spells, into the low 20s. some showers hanging on into the night. areas of cloud into the morning, many places under clear skies, temperatures down to single figures away from towns and city centres. chance of the odd light shower across centres. chance of the odd light shower across eastern centres. chance of the odd light shower across eastern england on saturday, the vast majority will have a fine saturday. variable cloud, good and sunny spells. feeling pleasantly warm before cloud and rain comes in from the west slowly on sunday. this is bbc news, i'm simon mccoy, the headlines at 3pm. speaking in washington, the brexit secretary david davis says he is a determined optimist about britain's withdrawal of the eu i believe that a good deal is in the interests of both the united kingdom and the european union, and of the entire global community. gas suspends nine members of staff from an immigration removal centre near gatwick airport —
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after a bbc panorama investigation shows officers "mocking, abusing and assaulting" people being held there. nearly half of young, low—paid parents are struggling to juggle childcare with work and two in five are penalised for asking for flexitime, according to a new survey. also in the next hour. more than 1200 people dead and a1 million affected by monsoon rains. the impact of floods in south asia becomes clearer — an estimated 16 million have been forced from their homes in india,
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