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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 3, 2017 2:00pm-2:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 2pm... north korea says it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb that can be fitted to a missile. there has been well dwelt condemnation. experts warned that north korea's nuclear capability is advancing rapidly. president trump tweeted that north korea's words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the united states. and foreign secretary borisjohnson has also criticised the regime. there is no question that this is another provocation. it is reckless, they seem to be moving closer towards a hydrogen bomb which, if fitted to a successful missile, wouldn't questionably present a new order. the prime minister appealed for unity from her pro—eu mps ahead of a debate on the brexit repeal bill. the brexit secretary said the uk is
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making itself look silly —— the eu is making itself look silly. we have said that the era of big payments to the eu was coming to an end, i suspect we will still be paying something. hospital bosses are warning the nhs in england could suffer its worst winter in recent history if it does not receive an emergency bailout. also in the next hour, tens of thousands have to leave their homes as frankfurt undergoes its biggest evacuation since the second world war. a 1.4 tonne british bomb found on a building site will be made safe in a controlled explosion later today. lights out and away we go, hamilton gets under way well. britain's lewis hamilton is in pole position as the italian grand prix got off to a start—up monza. later this hour, witness features tales of the incident —— indian
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partition, an engineering marvel in the alps and a japanese royal wedding. good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. north korea says it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb many times more successful than devices used in previous tests. the us president, donald trump ,has tweeted "north korea has conducted a major nuclear test. their words and actions continue to be very hostile and dangerous to the united states." he also described north korea as a rogue nation which has become "a great threat and embarrassment" to china, which is trying to help but with little success. it took place at a site in the north east of the country. from seoul, in south korea, yogita limaye sent this report. state television proudly announcing that the country has conducted another nuclear test. it was a perfect success,
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the newsreader said. pyongyang claims to have detonated a hydrogen bomb at its testing site in the north—east of the country. and hundreds of miles away in china, people say they witnessed tremors caused by the explosion. experts believe it could be the most powerful weapon north korea has tested so far. earlier in the day, these photos were released of north korean leader kimjong—un, inspecting what is claimed to be the bomb. the country says the nuclear device it's tested can be fitted onto an intercontinental ballistic missile test. a serious threat because it means pyongyang can arm these long range rockets it tested in july, missiles that would put the us mainland within firing range. in south korea, an emergency meeting was held. translation: i can't help but be disappointed and outraged. north korea has made an absurd tactical mistake by committing a series of provocations such
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as launching icbm missiles and conducting a nuclear test, which has heightened tensions on the peninsula and is threatening world peace. it will isolate them further. injapan, the prime minister called the latest test unacceptable. it comes less than a week after north korea launched this rocket that flew over his country. but it's the us that north korea considers its biggest enemy. and the latest test is a step forward in its goal towards making weapons that could strike america. regarding the united states, i think it could be a game changer because a hydrogen bomb is sometimes 1000 more powerful than a nuclear bomb, that means kimjong—un will threaten the united states, that if you do not leave south korea, north korea would attack seattle, la or san francisco
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with a hydrogen bomb. kim jong—un has finally started respecting us, president donald trump has said just in the last fortnight, when it seemed as though the rhetoric from pyongyang had died down. today the north korean leader has shown he has no intention to stop. yogita limaye, bbc news, seoul. the foreign secretary borisjohnson has given his reaction to news of the test. he described north korea's action as reckless and said all options are on the table. but mrjohnson stressed that no military options were good and added that there was more scope for china to put further economic pressure on north korea. there's no question that this is another provocation, it's reckless, what they're doing is they seem to be moving closer towards a hydrogen bomb which, if fitted to a successful missile, would unquestionably present a new order of threat. we have to consider how to respond and it is our view in the uk, overwhelmingly, that peaceful diplomatic means are the best. and, yes, you're right.
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we think that the sanctions route still holds potential. china is responsible for 90% of north korea's trade, north korea has only six months of oil supplies left. there is scope to continue to put pressure. over the 30 year history of north korea's attempt to acquire nuclear weapons, there have been tough moments and moments when they've backed down again, and we're working to see if we can get some common sense here. borisjohnson. earlier today my colleague julian worricker asked yogita about the latest reaction from donald trump. he's called it a rogue nation but also, importantly, said that south korea is finding out that the policy of appeasement will not work with north korea. in his words, he says
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they understand only one thing, suggesting a stronger response is required. south korea for a long time has said they want a diplomatic solution to this situation. donald trump says now that is not possible and indicates that perhaps a stronger response is required. we know that top national security advisers of the us and south korea have spoken to each other and discussed military measures that can be taken, but significantly donald trump has said the test today is an embarrassment for china, which has tried to help but with little success. china is a key player in the region, north korea's top trading partner and many people thought that china implementing sanctions could perhaps pressure north korea to come to the table for dialogue, but that seems not to have happened. we will have more on this story shortly, we will hear reaction from washington and will we'll —— will be
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hearing from one of the first diplomats to establish an embassy in north korea's capital, pyongyang. the brexit secretary david davis says the european commission is making itself look silly by saying that talks with britain aren't making progress. the eu's chief negotiator, michel barnier, says he doesn't want to punish or blackmail the uk, but the british people need to understand the extremely serious consequences of leaving. all this as theresa may later this week faces a parliamentary battle with the first commons vote on brexit legislation. emma vardy reports. after three rounds of talks, the two sides still appear some way apart. there's disagreement over the size of the so—called divorce bill and eu's chief negotiator, michel barnier, said this week that no decisive progress had been made on key issues. today, a defiant david davis said the uk would not be pressured into paying more than its fair share. we are basically going through this very systematically, very british way, very pragmatic way of doing it, and of course he's finding it difficult and he wants to put pressure on us which is why the stance this week in the press conference.
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bluntly, i think it looked a bit silly because there plainly were that things we had achieved... meanwhile michel barnier has said he does not want to punish or blackmail the uk, but that he will use the opportunity to teach british people and others what leaving the eu means. his remarks were made in an off—camera briefing in which he said there were extremely serious consequences to leaving the single market, and that it could never be better than being a member of the club. on thursday, mps will debate the withdrawal bill, which will convert thousands of eu regulations into british laws but labour has said it will vote against the bill unless substantial changes are made, warning it could erode rights and freedoms that workers currently enjoy. i flagged these points up at the beginning of the summer and said if you don't address them we will vote against it. i haven't reached that stage yet but i've been very clear — whilst we accept the result
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of the referendum, we are not giving a blank cheque to the government to do it in whatever way it wants because it's not in the public interest. theresa may has appealed for unity. any potential rebellion from just a handful of tory mps could derail it. there is a crucial week for brexit ahead, marked by division in westminster and in brussels. emma vardy, bbc news. hospital managers in england have called for an emergency financial bail—out, saying they are bracing themselves for the worst winter in recent years. nhs providers — which represents the vast majority of health trusts — says at least £200 million of extra funding is needed to pay for more staff and beds. but the department of health says the nhs is better prepared for winter this year than ever before, as angus crawford reports. winter puts hospitals under pressure. each year there is an increase in demand, more patients needing a wider range of treatments in an already stretched service. after serious problems last winter there's been intensive planning
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to deal with this one. but nhs providers representing 90% of nhs trusts says more money is needed for this year may be worse than last. current performance in a&e departments at the moment is no better than it was last year despite huge amounts of effort being put in to improve the performance, it's staying stubbornly stuck, quite a long way below the official target and we know therefore that there is a real risk that patient safety could be put at even greater risk this coming winter than it was last winter. the organisation says the service needs 200—£350 million extra now. nhs england rejects criticism and in a statement says: ‘planning is more advanced than it was last year.‘ it estimates that more than 3000 extra beds will be available. the government has put a billion
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more into social care funding to free up beds and 100 million to relieve the pressure on a&e. but will all this be enough? over the coming months, patients will find out. angus crawford, bbc news. 14 1a people, 12 of them british, have been arrested in spain as part of a police operation targeting a drug dealing ring in magaluf on the job. dawn and one of a number of armed raids, both in majorca and on mainland spain. during 0peration tatum, officers say they seized three kilograms of cocaine, wrapped in cling film and stashed in a shoebox. it is said to be of high purity.
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law enforcers claim to have come across other drugs as well and about £100,000 in cash. four vehicles have been taken away. a total of 1a people have been arrested, a dozen from the uk. the others, a spaniard and dominican. some have begun appearing in court. the civil guard alleges the group was selling to tourists out partying in magaluf. british authorities were also involved in the work leading up to the arrest. the foreign office said it was providing support for those arrested. the operation follows another drug raid lastjuly in which four people, british and spanish, were held after nearly five kilograms of cocaine was seized. simon clemison, bbc news. tens of thousands of residents of frankfurt have left their homes for the day to enable the diffusion of a world war ii bomb. frankfurt is moving 65,000 people from their homes this morning to allow authorities space to carry out a controlled explosion of a huge world war ii bomb. the evacuation is germany's
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largest since the war, and officials have warned the financial capital could grind to a halt tomorrow if people don't leave. 0ur correspondent damien mcguiness sent this update. police are unsure so far if everyone has, in fact, evacuated the area. so it seems that most residents have left, and that was carried out pretty smoothly over the past day. some people left at the beginning of the weekend. but police have said now they have found a few more people within this evacuation area who were not aware of what was going on, didn't understand, partly because of language difficulties. it seems some non—german—speakers didn't really understand what was happening. so police had to escort some people out of the one mile radius around where the bomb has been found, and some people apparently did not want to even leave the area so police had to escort those people out using force, effectively. the next stage, though, is the bomb disposal experts will start diffusing the bomb, and that should take about four hours. and if that goes smoothly, then by the end of today local residents should be able to return to this area. but, of course, it's a very dangerous operation because the bomb itself is huge, it's 1.5 tonnes of explosive material, so if that were to go off
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accidentally that could really have a massive impact across a very wide area of the city centre. north korea says it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb which could be loaded onto a long—range missile. it said that the success of —— test was a perfect success. the prime minister has appealed for unity from pro—eu backbench mps ahead of the brexit rebuild tonne repeal bill debate next week. david davis says that the big payments to the eu was coming to an end but the uk will honour its obligations. hospital chiefs warned that the nhs in england might suffer its worst winter in recent history if it does not receive an emergency bailout. they want up to £350 million to pay
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for new staff and hospital beds to reduce waiting lists. let's return to those claims by north korea that it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb, many times more powerful than devices used in previous tests. us president donald trump has been up us president donald trump has been up early in washington to eating that north korea has committed words and actions very hostile and dangerous to his country. richard lister is in our washington bureau. very good to see you. first of all, let me ask you about the tweets, does anything them give any clue as to whether there is a shift in us policy under way in the light of the suggestions that this is a much more serious challenge to international restrictions on nuclear weapons? i don't think there is any great change in direction indicated by these tweets. in some ways they are fairly neutral for a president who has talked about unleashing fire and
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fury north korea, has tweeted about the us being locked and loaded, said talking is not the answer. there is not quite that same extreme tone in these tweets, but there are some interesting things. he talks in one of the tweets about south korean appeasement not working with north korea. that is a fairly tough comments against your main ally in the region. especially given that the region. especially given that the south koreans have in fact bended to american will in terms of the militarisation of that part of the militarisation of that part of the peninsular in recent weeks. donald trump says clearly that that kind of approach will not work on the north koreans only understand one thing. that is as bellicose as he gets, but he is also putting pressure on china. in an earlier tweety said what has happened in north korea has become a threatened embarrassment to china, which he is trying to help but with little success. the one consistent policy line we have heard from the trump administration of the past six
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months is that china has to do more to rein in north korea, and just in the last few minutes the treasury secretary has said on american tv that he will say to president trump that he will say to president trump that what is required in another round of sanctions is a total trade ban on north korea. the only people who can carry that kind of approach through other chinese and they will not want to do that. it will be interesting to see what comes out of the meeting between president putin and president xi of china. in terms of american options, the white house says mr trump will be talking to his national security tea m be talking to his national security team to date, what are the options? borisjohnson the team to date, what are the options? boris johnson the foreign team to date, what are the options? borisjohnson the foreign secretary here has said there is really not a serious military option they can consider, so is itjust more sanctions? the options are as they always have been, the military option would be potentially disastrous for potentially disastrous for potentially hundreds of thousands of people, particularly in seoul but also american troops in that region. but also, of course, now with the
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successful tests that north korea has carried out a potentially the militarisation of a warhead, although we do not know how far that is advanced, the threat is also on the american mainland. the military option is even more risky than ever. probably most cool heads in washington continued to discount the military option, it was not good before and it is even worse now. it leaves you some kind of covert action which has been relatively successful in disrupting some north korean activities, that almost certainly continues and we will hear about that. the other main public option of sanctions. the sanctions are option of sanctions. the sanctions a re pretty extreme option of sanctions. the sanctions are pretty extreme as they stand and the chinese have made quite clear that they would rather see a nuclear armed north korea than a destabilised and chaotic north korea with tens of thousands, probably even millions, of people flooding past the border into china.
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richard lister in washington, thank you. let's talk about some of the other options as alternatives to military action, if that is not regarded as a serious option. let's talk to drjames hoare, an expert on north korea. he was one of the first diplomats who worked to establish the british embassy in the north korean capital pyongyang. i was the first british representative in pyongyang in 2001. which is a reminder of the long period where we have had no relations with the north korean regime until 2001, we did not have any serious contact? we did not have deep contact. after about 1991 when we voted for the omission of north korea and south korea to the united nations, that meant we recognised it asa nations, that meant we recognised it as a state, as only states go to the un, and we began to, low—level political talks, some of which i took part in. eventually that led to diplomatic relations. the thrust of
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a diplomatic relations came from the south korean government at the time. this was the height of engagement, north and south korea met at a summit in pyongyang. we had some opening of economic links?m summit in pyongyang. we had some opening of economic links? it was much more political than economic. opening of economic links? it was much more political than economiclj was much more political than economic.” was thinking between south korea and north korea? very much so, untilthe mid—2000s. south korea had become a major player in economic terms in north korea. in terms of trying to shape or curtailment of‘s nuclear ambitions, which i understand have a lot to do with the fear that without them they are vulnerable to being knocked out as a nation uncertainly a regime, has the diplomatic road achieved very much? it is what the americans were leaning on for quite a number of years? it achieved quite considerable success for ten years,
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say. the 1994 agreed kramer —— framework stopped it where it was, that was positive. it also led to some reduction of us sanctions which at least seemed like an opening to north korea. what did not lead to was us/ north korea diplomatic relations, although that had been envisaged. i think that was very u nfortu nate. envisaged. i think that was very unfortunate. there were mistakes on both sides. in terms of what happens now, i was very struck by a quote from the organisation that helps to police the tests, which has not come into effect yet, because a number of countries including the us have not ratified —— ratified it, he said that if confirmed as a nuclear test it would show that north korea's
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nuclear programme is advancing rapidly, i suppose the fear is we are not able to stop this getting to the stage where it could, could, i stress, stop it from launching a missile at the united states or another country. we still have no idea how accurate the north koreans are. it is all right firing missiles at the ceded it is different from aiming ata at the ceded it is different from aiming at a target. they talked about targeting the waters around guam, but they did not implement that. i suspect they are probably not very close to a very accurate ability to deliver. we might have time? we might. that means you have to use that time, instead of grandstanding about it you have to perhaps talk to the north koreans, i accept they are there, except it will not go away, i the nuclear programme not go away, though it might be halted. thank you very
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much, drjames hoare, for giving as you insight into events in north korea. the united nations refugee agency says 73,000 rohingya muslims have now fled to bangladesh from myanmar since the army there began a campaign against militants less than two weeks ago. more are fleeing all the time. sanjoy majumder is at the border. it is now a massive influx, the sheer number of rohingya refugees coming into bangladesh from myanmar. the border is just a short distance that way. they are coming from every direction, men, women, children. some very young and some incredibly old and finding it difficult to walk. earlier today we saw plumes of smoke from inside rakhine state, presumably villages that were burning there. refugees we have spoken to have come with dramatic testimony of how they were allegedly driven out of their homes. some have seen people killed at close range. they are all heading now towards one of several temporary refugee camps which are set up on this side but already these camps are teeming
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with people and agencies are really concerned about the sheer numbers of people they have to take care of with supplies running incredibly low. several hundred volunteers have joined the search for a nine—year—old girl who vanished during a wedding in the alps a week ago. two magistrates have opened a case into the suspected kidnapping of a child in south eastern france. prosecutors say the priority remains finding the girl. sarah corker reports. police divers search a pond in the french alps, looking for any clues about what happened to missing nine—year—old maelys de araujo. she was last seen at 3am on sunday the 27th of august at a family wedding in this hall at pont—de—beauvoisin, a village some 50 kilometres north of grenoble. on saturday, hundreds of volunteers combed nearby woodland. this citizens' search
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was organised via social media and co—ordinated by the police. translation: i'm a father of three children. my eldest daughter is nine, so it really resonates with me. i live 60 kilometres away, but i had to do it. it was important for me. the authorities describe the community response as "staggering". investigators suspect that the little girl, who was at the wedding with her parents, was kidnapped and taken away by car. two suspects, both 34—year—old men, were detained for questioning but have been released without charge. translation: important work has already been carried out by the gendarmes. more than 200 people were interviewed in a very short period in the few days following the disappearance, and 40 searches have already been carried out. police are also examining photos and videos taken
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on the day of the wedding, as the search for maelys, who has been missing for a week now, is stepped up. a centre—right think tank is calling for a rapid expansion of two year university courses to help of a pickled promoting time bomb of university debt. because the stronger legislation to break what it calls a university cartel in england and wales. universities say there is no evidence they are acting together to block change. a man has been arrested after four we re a man has been arrested after four were injured, three seriously, after a car smashed through the side bar has been arrested after four were injured, three seriously, after a car smashed through the side of the. a driver, two passengers in the vehicle and a man on the sofa in the house were heard. a woman and child escaped unharmed. north yorkshire police is appealing for help about the vehicle in the moments before
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the vehicle in the moments before the crash. —— is appealing for information. one of the last survivors of world war two's most famous prison breaks — the great escape — is celebrating his 100th birthday. jack lyon from bexhill was a flight lieutenant in the raf and was involved in the bid for freedom from the camp in 1944. i got out, if i hadn't, i probably wouldn't be talking to you. because my chances of getting home were virtually nil. i was under no illusions about that. had i been recaptured, i had nothing really to persuade the germans not to go ahead with their threats. and a very happy birthday to him from us. let's head to the balcony and see what the weather prospects are like notjust for the rest of the afternoon but for the rest of the afternoon but for the rest of the afternoon but for the week ahead. good afternoon, darren bett. is itan good afternoon, darren bett. is it an umbrella time? probably. if you are looking forward to dry, warm
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and sunny weather over the week ahead, you will probably be disappointed. it looks, dare i say, autumnal. it is september! some rain is moving slowly eastwards, the best weather is in north—east scotland and along the north sea coasts, underneath this slow—moving cloud and rain, temperatures are only about 14 or 15. warmer where it is brighter and drier. the rain is becoming lighter and more patchy, more damp entries three through the night. it will edge a little bit further east, there will not be a lot of rain but there will not be a lot of rain but there will not be a lot of rain but there will be a lot of low cloud, meaning hill fog. the area is quite warm. they really mild night, 15 or 16 degrees the minimum temperature in some areas. starting grey and gloomy tomorrow, should brighten a bit but there is rain for northern ireland coming into scotland. still a future as a leash england and wales but should brighten a touch, maybe a glimmer of sunshine
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especially the midlands in central and southern england. because it is worn out, 20 degrees in the clouds, where you get sunshine it is 23. —— because it is warmer air, 20 degrees under the cloud. are


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