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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 4, 2017 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: international condemnation of north korea's latest and most powerful nuclear test as the us issues a blunt warning. any threat to the united states or its territories, including guam, or allies, will be met with a massive military response, both effective and overwhelming. a bbc investigation finds recruiters from so—called islamic state were trying to direct would—be attackers a year before westminster and london bridge. south asia's devastating floods leave millions destitute. aid agencies say they're struggling to cope. and a massive second world war bomb is defused in frankfurt, forcing the evacuation of more than 60,000 people. glad you could join us.
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the trump administration has warned north korea that it risks a "massive military response" if it threatens the us or its allies. the un security council will hold an emergency meeting on monday. it follows pyongyang's most powerful nuclear test to date. in response, south korea has just carried out its own ballistic missile exercise. in a moment, we report from tokyo and beijing, but first our correspondent, yogita limaye, who's in seoul. "it was a perfect success," the newsreader declared, as she announced north korea was close to achieving its nuclear goals. the country says it's detonated a hydrogen bomb small enough to be fitted to an intercontinental missile.
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this is kimjong—un inspecting what north korea claims is such a device. if true, it would mean that pyongyang is now capable of launching a nuclear attack on cities in the united states. this unprecedented threat prompted president trump to say... any threat to the united states or its territories, including guam, or our allies, will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming. it's a strong message to south korea's president, who for months has said talking to north korea was a solution. today, he expressed outrage and disappointment. translation: north korea has made an absurd tactical mistake by committing a series of provocations, such as launching icbm missiles and conducting
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a nuclear test, which has heightened tentions on the peninsula and is threatening world peace. it will isolate them further. south korea is most worried, because it has the most to lose. and that is why, even though military measures like these bombing drills are held in the face of the threat from north korea, it is hard to see what further action can be taken. it's certainly our view that none of the military options are good. the distance between north korea and seoul is very, very small. they could basically vaporise large parts of the south korean population, even with conventional weapons. here in seoul, a city that is home to tens of millions of people, we are only about 50 kilometres from the border with north korea, and at any given time, a mass of weapons is pointing in this direction. and that is why, rather than take a military route,
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the international community has been trying to put economic pressure on pyongyang. but that isn't working, either, and the impact of every move kim jong—un makes is felt notjust in the korean peninsula, but also across the sea injapan. the pod under the belly of this japanese air force jet can sniff the airfor radiation. this afternoon, it roared off towards north korea to do just that. it's less than a week since north korea fired this missile across japan. for prime minister abe, this is becoming an unwelcome routine. translation: together with the us, south korea, china, and russia, japan will take determined action against north korea. north korea may now have tested a nuclear device that is small enough to put on top of a ballistic
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missile that could be fired at the united states. and, for the government here injapan, that is very disturbing, because it raises a very troubling question. in future, will the united states be willing to risk one of its own cities, say for example, denver, in order to protect seoul and tokyo? this afternoon, the us ambassador rushed to see japan's foreign minister to reassure him. no action taken by the north koreans will in any way deter our commitment. japan and the us may have the military might to deter north korea, but they have few other levers to pressure pyongyang. only one country does, and that is china. china was quite literally shaken by the blast. north korea's nuclear test site is only 60 miles from the border. it will have sent a diplomaticjolt, too, coming just before president xi jinping opened this international summit. although he made no direct
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reference, he warned of the challenges to world peace. 0n state tv, the message was more blunt, with an official statement strongly condemning the test. there can be little doubt that the government here in beijing is rattled. once again, it has had to order emergency radiation monitoring along the border. but, despite the frustration, as always, it may be reluctant to punish north korea too hard. china has recently been stopping cargoes of coal and seafood, in line with toughened un sanctions. but its biggest fear is not nuclear weapons, it's the chaos that would come with the economic collapse of the impoverished state shrouded in darkness on the other side of this river. john sudworth, bbc news, beijing. joining me now is abraham denmark, who formerly served as the us
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deputy assistant secretary general of defence for east asia and is now director of the asia programme at the woodrow wilson centre. glad you could join us. where do you think this latest test by north korea puts its nuclear programme. we have had the biggest seismic reaction. that is correct. it puts the nuclear programme of nocturia one step closer towards being a credible threat to the world, really, the us and the rest of the asia—pacific. they have been slowly but with determination putting together the various pieces of the capability. we saw a few weeks ago a test of intercontinental list of vessels. in this most recent test,
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along with these pictures, we are sure they are close to nuclear capability. we are just looking at pictures of kim jong—un inspecting that hydrogen bomb, those pictures that hydrogen bomb, those pictures that were released on saturday by north korea. there is concern why some analysts that north korea will be determined to prove it does have this warhead in the capability to put it on a ballistic missile. is that a realistic threat? it is certainly a possibility. in the history of countries developing nuclear weapons, not every country has felt the need to demonstrate that capability, in terms of taking a warhead, putting it on top of an intercontinental range missile, firing it off, and exploding it in the air. that is not something every
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nuclear power has done some hard. but it is not necessary for everyone. “— but it is not necessary for everyone. —— some have. a lot of it will depend on kim jong—un's sense of whether the rest of the world believes he has these capabilities. it does seem that every time pressure has increased, every time the rhetoric gets harsher and stronger, he reacts with more tests and more announcements. is that the way it is going to go?|j and more announcements. is that the way it is going to go? i think historically i don't see a connection directly between harsh rhetoric, sanctions from the international community, and then further testing. what we have seen, especially since kim jong—un came into power after the death of his father, has been a very regular and very determined schedule to test missiles and now to test nuclear weapons. that is regardless of what
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has been happening outside of north korea. it is suggesting that, unlike with his father, the series of tests are with his father, the series of tests a re less with his father, the series of tests are less about bargaining and bringing out concessions from the rest of the world, but rather, developing a credible capability to threaten the world with a nuclear strike. and so i do not see this as reaction, necessarily, to language, to rhetoric, or even to sanctions. rather it is a very real reflection of kim jong—un's determination to develop this capability regardless of the cost. 0k. thank you, abraham. thank you forjoining us. my pleasure. we will, of course, keep you updated on this developing story. but don't forget, you'll find plenty more on our website. go to bbc.com/news. we'll have updates, analysis, and the latest from our correspondents in the region. you can also download the bbc news app. do check it out.
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more stories making the news. the governor of texas has put the cost of clearing up after storm system harvey at as much as $180 billion. greg abbot said the damage was worse than that caused by hurricane katrina in new orleans in 2005. the governor of california has declared a state of emergency for los angeles county, as more than a thousand firefighters battle the city's largest wildfire. more than 700 homes have been evacuated since friday and only 10% of the fire, which covers 2,400 hectares, has been contained. one of cambodia's last independent newspapers has announced it
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will close after authorities ordered it to pay a huge tax bill. the cambodia daily has often been critical of the government. the announcement comes just hours after the country's opposition leader, kem sokha, was arrested for treason. prime minister hun sen has accused mr sokha of plotting with the us to harm cambodia. a bbc investigation has found that so—called islamic state was secretly directing would—be extremists to murder people at both london bridge and westminster nearly a year before each attack. recruiters pointed our undercover reporters to terror manuals which showed how best to drive a car at crowds and attack victims with knives. the government says it is trying to suffocate is‘s ability to recruit and radicalise people in the uk. nick beake has more. indiscriminate murder on the streets of london. exactly the kind of attack so—called islamic state had been calling for. our investigation reveals the group were not only inspiring such plots, but issuing directions to target both westminster and london bridge. last summer, our undercover
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reporter made contact with is recruiters active online. the authorities were fully aware of our communication. after inviting us to talk on a secret messaging site, is agents pinpointed westminster, promising, if you succeed with an attack there, it would be huge and damaging. he said that this was a very good target because it was crowded with disbelievers and civilians. he told me to just kill ordinary people, and that it wouldn't require a very complicated plan. with hindsight, the instructions look like a blueprint for the westminster attack eight months later. khalid masood used a car to mow down pedestrians and then stabbed policeman to death. injuly 2016, we were also in conversation with another is handler, who had another target. london bridge, he wrote.
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use truck, axe, anything. we were directed to terrorist guides on the so—called dark web. one of them showed how to use a vehicle to kill people. the other showed how to use knives and home—made bombs for maximum impact. there was a description of how to create a fake suicide vest, and how it can be used to stop the police from attacking you if you are standing next to civilians. the instructions bear all the hallmarks of the carnage nearly a year later at london bridge. a van, knives, fake suicide belts and a stash of improvised bombs. hanif qadir, a former al-qaeda fighter, now tackling radicalisation, is alarmed at how quickly encrypted communication can radicalise young britons. at that time in 2002, it still took me six
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to seven months. if they'd have had this kind of technology, i would... i would put my hand on my heart and i would say guaranteed within a few weeks you could have somebody so enraged with revenge, that's how they see it, that they would become a suicide bomber or a terrorist. the government has vowed to close down what it calls safe space where terrorists can both plot and recruit. i think the authorities have an unbelievably difficult task now. encrypted apps or anonymous web browsers or the dark net, these places online that are very, very difficult to properly monitor, are proliferating very quickly. and as their self—declared caliphate crumbles in the middle east, is are still making the most of secret communications, determined to inspire but also direct atrocities here in the uk. nick beake, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news.
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still to come: as authorities struggle to get aid to millions in need, we meet the survivors of south asia's worst flooding for decades. she received the nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and dying in india's slums. the head of the catholic church said mother teresa was a wonderful example of how to help people in need. we have to identify the bodies, then arrange the coffins and take them back home. parents are waiting and wives are waiting. hostages appeared, some carried, some running, trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today,
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described by all to whom she reached out as irreplaceable. an early—morning car crash in a paris underpass ended a life with more than its share of pain and courage, warmth and compassion. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the us defence secretary says there'd be a massive military response to any threat to the us or its allies after north korea tested its most powerful nuclear device yet. more now on our top story. 0ur correspondent robin brant joins me now from seoul. what is the reaction being in south korea to developments in the north? i think the most significant
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development in the last 2a hours has been what happened as dawn broke in south korea and that was the news from thejoint chief south korea and that was the news from the joint chief of staff that south korean air force and its army had been involved in a live fire drill. they used the listed missiles at the head, lan to —— land to land, in an exercise designed to replicate an attack, possibly a future attack on the nuclear weapons tests in north korea. the missiles landed in the east sea. they hit their targets, we are told, accurately. what seeing is an exercise, less than 2a hours after the news from north korea, that is designed to show the capability in this country retains and also to reassure people in this country that the military
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remains on very, very high state of alert. it does not mean there is not continuing pressure in the leadership in south korea. this country ‘s president delhi for months into his role. moonjae—in elected to expand an olive branch to the north. —— extender. that planet now and any ambition of that clearly in captors. he is now talking about new sanctions. for the us to com pletely new sanctions. for the us to completely isolate the leadership in north korea. thank you very much. the most devastating floods to hit south asia in a decade have killed more than 1,400 people and focused attention on lack of preparedness for annual monsoon rains. in many areas the authorities are struggling to get aid to millions of destitute people. 0ur correspondent, justin rowlatt is in bihar one
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of the poorest states in india — and the worst affected by the floods. they're mixing up huge pots of vegetable curry and dhal, food for those left destitute by the floods, and there is no shortage of demand. i'm helpless, raju tells me. the floods took everything we own. it was terrifying, says kavita. there was just so much water. we were lucky to survive. but you can rebuild a house or replant a field. there are some things you never recover from. so they came down here to get provisions, and the water was just up to their knees. and then, when they turned to go back, suddenly there was this great surge of water came down, and it dragged them away, dragged the father and the women away, and the women managed to grab
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hold of the trees down here. she said she watched as her father was swept away. translation: now, he's gone. what do i do? sometimes i wish i had been washed away with him. this was the worst flood in the region for decades. almost a metre of rain fell in just two days, across a vast area of nepal and north india. it came down the river as a great pulse of water. just look at this enormous embankment, and just imagine for a moment the force needed to punch this hole into it. and the fear is that climate scientists say that extreme weather events like this, and the destruction they bring with them, are only going to get more common. and that is a terrifying prospect for vulnerable communities like these.
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justin rowlatt, bbc news, bihar. with just three weeks to go until the general election in germany chancellor angela merkel — who is seeking a fourth term — has been facing her main rival martin schulz in a live tv debate. much of the sparring focussed on immigration and talks on turkey's future as part of the european union were also raised. mrs merkel defended herself against claims she should have taken tougher action on immigration. mr shulz stressed his opposition to turkey becoming a member of the european union. translation: what could i have done? am familiar with the scenarios discussed at the end of 2015. honestly, water cannons against thousands of people, isn't that the way you think things can be
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resolved? i way you think things can be resolved ? i do way you think things can be resolved? i do not think so. we have a border and we need to address immigration. transaction mac i will call off turkey '5 session talks with the eu. we must and financial and economic ties. he cannot do that alone. we must talk to our european partners. i think the next chancellor has a duty to protect germany. german bomb disposal experts in the city of frankfurt have defused a massive unexploded bomb from the second world war. around sixty thousand residents left their homes on sunday to allow the work to be carried out in germany's financial capital. it was the country's biggest evacuation since the war. sarah corker reports. this is a block buster, so—called for its ability to flatten an entire street. the british made bomb weighs 1.4tons and street. the british made bomb weighs 1.4 tons and buried for more than 70 yea rs, 1.4 tons and buried for more than 70 years, the fear was it may have
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become unstable overtime. 0n years, the fear was it may have become unstable overtime. on sunday, it was a massive evacuation of frankfurt city centre. the asians worked for hours to make the bomb said. translation: you have a particularly difficult task on top of it all. 0nce particularly difficult task on top of it all. once that users have been removed, the detonators have to be pulled out and they are highly sensitive. the problem is that over time crystals could have formed and they are highly explosive. time crystals could have formed and they are highly explosivem time crystals could have formed and they are highly explosive. it is in they are highly explosive. it is in the city west end, home to central banks, where half of the country ‘s gold reserves are stored. the bomb was dropped on frankfurt by the royal air force in 1944. the russell to be hundreds of thousands of unexploded bombs in germany, legacy of intent robbing campaigns against
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the nazis. the scale of this evacuation was unlike any other. more than 60,000 people forced to leave. elderly residents recalled wartime memories. translation: i was here in west and during the war. i heard the bombs falling when i was in the basement and i helped to distinguish the fires. but the door checks by police before the bomb was successfully disarmed but it will ta ke successfully disarmed but it will take decades before the thousands of other bombs are still buried between a german towns and cities are defused. that is the way it is looking. more update on the website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter — i'm @duncangolestani stay with us, and q4 watching. ——
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thank you for watching. hello. after a weekend of two halves, this week's weather takes us on a bit of a journey but things are a bit quieter for a time mid—week, as i'll show you in a moment. i will start with a couple of images from sunday's weather. after all that saturday sunshine, grey skies, some rain around. the further east you are, you did not get that rain until quite late on and the weather system that brought it is starting to fizzle out but we are left, as monday begins, with plenty of cloud. it's low cloud, it's misty, murky, some coast and hill fog around. still damp and drizzly in places as well. and it is quite warm, quite humid air that's across us. look these temperatures for 8 o'clock in the morning. some around 16—17 celsius. not as breezy as it has been into england and wales. again the chance of seeing a bit light rain, more especially in parts of northern england and scotland. mainly dry start in northern ireland but this band of wet weather is going to move in and will also push across scotland during the day. still quite windy
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for some of us here, especially the further north you are. northern isles with a risk of gales, into shetland. 0n through the day. after all that cloud to begin with, we start to brighten things up a little bit in england and wales, especially east wales and through northern, central, southern and eastern england. if you get some sunny spells for any period of time, it could be quite warm. 23—24 celsius, could well be yours, maybe the chance a shower. we'll move a band of rain through northern ireland. outbreaks of rain through scotland but the further west you are, especially late afternoon gonig into the evening, it could well be brightening up once again. the rain is not done with us though. on monday night it looks like it will pep up again through this zone here, back into parts of northern ireland, maybe scotland, northern england and wales before going into tuesday this energy will run out eastwards into the north sea. we are left on tuesday with this weatherfront still heading south—east, just not as much rain associated with it. a cold front, the leading edge of cooler, fresher air so there is a change to the feel of the weather coming our way by the end of tuesday from the north—west. so a band of rain pushing south
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eastwards across england on tuesday, behind that one or two showers following, but actually, as you can see, sunnier weather, cooler, fresher feeling weather but at least we have the sunshine as temperatures come down a few degrees. and then we embark on that somewhat quieter spell of weather for a couple of days. wednesday just a few showers in the west, variable cloud and sunshine. many of us dry on thursday but it looks we will see another weather system bearing down on parts of scotland and northern ireland as we go on through thursday. so this week's weather then, a humid, quite warm start for some of us, if you see some sunshine, but then turning cooler and fresher, with sunny spells and showers for a few days. but by the end of the week, thursday night into friday, it looks like it will be turning wet and windy for a time. this is bbc news. the headlines: the us defence secretary, james mattis, says any threat to the united states or its allies will be met with a massive military response. he was speaking after briefing
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president trump following north korea's latest nuclear test. south korea has responded by carrying out its own military exercise. a bbc investigation has found that so—called islamic state was secretly directing would—be extremists to murder people at both london bridge and westminster nearly a year before each attack. the government says it is trying to suffocate is's ability to recruit and radicalise people in the uk. the most devastating floods to hit south asia in a decade have killed more than 1,400 people and focused attention on lack of preparedness for annual monsoon rains. in many areas, the authorities are struggling to get aid to millions of destitute people.
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