this is bbc news. i'm samantha simmonds. our top stories — the us issues a blunt warning to north korea after its latest and most powerful nuclear test. any threat to the united states or its territories, including guam, or our allies, will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming. a masterclass from angela merkel. the german chancellor dominates a tv showdown with her main electoral rival, martin schulz. a bbc investigation finds recruiters from so—called islamic state were trying to direct would—be attackers a year before westminster and london bridge. and i'm sally bundock. a flight to safety — donald trump warns he could sever ties with north korea's trading partners in response to the missile threat. counting the cost of hurricane harvey. the deadly storm has knocked a quarter of the us‘s oil
refining capacity offline. we'll ask an expert what this could mean for the world's largest economy. hello and welcome to bbc world news. the united states says it's ready to use its nuclear capabilities to defend itself and its allies against threats from north korea. the white house issued the statement following a phone conversation between president trump and the japanese prime minister, shinzo abe. it was made in response to north korea's sixth, and most powerful, nuclear test. south korea says its forces have carried out a live—fire ballistic missile exercise following the north's nuclear test. there's been widespread international condemnation of pyongyang. the un security council is holding an emergency meeting on monday to discuss north korea's
continuing defiance. our correspondent robin brant joins me now from the south korean capital, seoul. walk to you. this threat from its neighbour is something that south korea has had to face for many yea rs. korea has had to face for many years. gig at the sense that the yesterday of this new nuclear weapon, far more expected and, we expect, long ranging, is a game changer? it certainly appears to demonstrate that north korea now believes it has the technology to build the most powerful weapon it has ever had and also kimjong—un claims they have the ability to deliver that weapon atop a missile, being able to strike the us mainland. that clearly does change the dynamic. questions about whether policy towards north korea is now about trying to prevent it getting a nuclear weapon seemed to be moved, it is now about containment, if that is possible. people here in south
korea, the capital in particular, just 35 kilometres from the border, have long lived with the potential ofa have long lived with the potential of a military conflict and in the past few weeks many people here have raised concerns about the language expressed in news by donald trump kick some see the highly incendiary. highly fuelled rhetoric over the past 2a hours. are those as well who regard and see the united states as being the chief security guarantor for south korea. in terms of reaction today in what was not the politicians doing the talking, was the politicians. we had that live fire test at dawn here this morning when both the air force in the army of south korea launched a ballistic missile from land and from the, aimed at targets in the east sea. we told they hit them accurately and
that was meant to replicate, according to thejoint chiefs of staff, an attack on the side of the nuclear test in north korea yesterday. it is important to say that we have seen images of these missiles being launched from the ground but these are conventional weapons. south korea does not have its own nuclear capability. of the security council meets later today to discuss this places testing. does anyone realistically think that more sanctions against north korea will have any impact, given there are already so many in place? kim jong—un,..., already so many in place? kim jong—un, . . ., sorry, the already so many in place? kim jong—un,..., sorry, the president of south korea wants to see even tougher economic sanctions, a moose, as it were, around the neck of the north. he wants to see them tightened and to go beyond the restrictions on the export of coal, seafood and iron ore and perhaps include the ability of north koreans to work abroad. thought maybe the chinese could even be considering a
com plete chinese could even be considering a complete shutdown of the trade of oil going into north korea. i think there is a clear growing sense of a military emergency but the answer, despite the fact that it seems to have had little impact over the past few years, have had little impact over the past few yea rs, i have had little impact over the past few years, i think the answer still for many is firstly to have united front of nations arranged together, russia, china, the us, japan, south korea, and also to keep pushing in terms of sanctions and keep trying to pressure the north in terms of its economic survival and its economic future. again, i must say that the record on that over the yea rs that the record on that over the years is not good. sally is here with all the business news. just hours after pyongyang said it tested a hydrogen bomb, president trump tweeted the us is considering slapping trade embargos on all countries that do business with north korea. this includes india, russia, pakistan and perhaps most notably, china. financial markets have certainly
been rattled by this latest news. the latest figures show trade between the us and china is worth nearly $650 billion every year — this makes china the united states' biggest trading partner. many experts believe that washington is leaning on beijing to isolate north korea. trade with china is crucial to the fortunes of pyongyang, with over 80% of all north korean exports being purchased by their neighbours across the border. we will be going live as well to our asian business hub for the latest on the markets and their reaction and what the new trade threats could mean for the situation. also, we are
looking at the fallout from hurricane harvey. at least 47 people have died since hurricane harvey hit texas just over a week ago. some residents have been allowed to return to their homes but flood waters are still rising in other areas. president trump has asked congress for seven point eight billion dollars as an initial payment to help with recovery efforts following the flooding in both texas and louisiana. the white house says about 100,000 homes, not all of which were fully insured, had been affected by the storm and the flooding that accompanied it. texas governor greg abbott said the state could need as much as 180 billion dollars from the federal government to help it recover. the storm at its height knocked up to 24% of us oil refining capacity offline. it's also believed the nation's largest refinery in port arthur may be shut for up to two weeks — sending petrol prices higher across the us. 0ur correspondent is down there for
us 0ur correspondent is down there for us at the moment. she is talking about the fact that the refineries are now coming back on tap. we will get the latest on that as long —— as well is all the other business stories. with just three weeks to go until the general election in germany, chancellor angela merkel who is seeking a fourth term has been facing her main rival martin schulz in a live tv debate. much of the sparring focussed on immigration — and talks on turkey's future as part of the european union were also raised. 0ur correspondent, jenny hill reports from berlin. it was supposed to be the highlight ofan it was supposed to be the highlight of an otherwise lacklustre campaign. at those hoping for a rich oracle bloody nose were disappointed, as we viewers hoping that martian schulz oi’ viewers hoping that martian schulz or the least taste victory on
national television. he approached relations on turkey, pledging to these talks with turkey and the eu. translation: if i become chancellor i will call of turkeys accession talks with the eu. we have come to a point where we must end the financial and economic ties. we can do that alone. we must talk to our european partners about it. i think the next chancellor has a duty to protect germany. he attacked mrs merkel‘s refugee policy. she insisted she was right to open germany's doors to hundreds of thousands of migrants. what could i have done? i am familiar with these scenarios that are being discussed at the end of 2014. honestly, using water cannons against thousands of people, you think things can be sold that way? i don't we have a 3000 kilometre border and so we had to address the causes of migration. polls suggest viewers found her more convincing and credible. the
chancellor is on course to wind an fourth term in office. tonight, perhaps, a foretaste of victory to come. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. a man has been charged with kidnapping in connection with the disappearance of a nine—year—old girl during a wedding in the french alps. maelys de araujo was last seen at a community hall where the ceremony was held in a village 50 kilometres north of grenoble. a 34—year—old man is being held on three separate charges. police say he was a guest at the wedding. talks resume today on trying to bring back northern ireland's power sharing government. the northern ireland secretary will hold separate meetings with the five main stormont parties to discuss the prospects for restoring devolved government, which collapsed injanuary. the governor of california has declared a state of emergency for los angeles county, as more than a thousand firefighters battle the city's largest wildfire. more than 700 homes have been evacuated since friday and only 10% of the fire — which covers 2400 hectares — has been contained. a bbc investigation has found that so—called islamic state was secretly
directing would—be extremists to murder people at both london bridge and westminster —— nearly a year before each attack. recruiters pointed our undercover reporters to terror manuals which showed how best to drive a car at crowds and attack victims with knives. the government says it is trying to suffocate the group's ability to recruit and radicalise people in the uk. nick beake has more. indiscriminate murder on the streets of london, exactly the kind of attack so—called islamic state had been calling for. our investigation reveals the group were not only inspiring such plots, but issuing directions to target both westminster and london bridge. last summer, our undercover reporter made contact with is recruiters active online. the authorities were fully aware of our communication. after inviting us to talk on a secret messaging site, is agents pinpointed westminster, promising, if you succeed
with an attack there, it would be huge and damaging. he said that this was a very good target, because it was crowded with disbelievers and civilians. he told me to just kill ordinary people, and that it wouldn't require a very complicated plan. with hindsight, the instructions look like a blueprint for the westminster attack, eight months later. khalid masood used a car to mow down pedestrians, and then stabbed a policeman to death. injuly 2016, we were also in conversation with another is handler, who had another target. london bridge, he wrote. use truck, axe, anything. we were directed to terrorist guides on the so—called dark web. one of them showed how to use a vehicle to kill people. the other showed how to use knives and home—made bombs for maximum impact.
there was a description of how to create a fake suicide vest, and how it can be used to stop the police from attacking you if you are standing next to civilians. the instructions bear all the hallmarks of the carnage nearly a year later at london bridge. a van, knives, fake suicide belts, and a stash of improvised bombs. hanif qadir, a former al-qaeda fighter, now tackling radicalisation, is alarmed at how quickly encrypted communication can radicalise young britons. at that time, in 2002, it still took me six to seven months. if they'd have had this kind of technology, i would... i would put my hand on my heart and i would say, guaranteed, within a few weeks you could have somebody so enraged with revenge, that's how they see it, that they would become a suicide bomber or a terrorist. the government has vowed to close down what it calls safe
space, where terrorists can both plot and recruit. i think the authorities have an unbelievably difficult task now. encrypted apps, or anonymous web browsers, or the dark net, these places online that are very, very difficult to properly monitor, are proliferating very quickly. and, as their self—declared caliphate crumbles in the middle east, is are still making the most of secret communications, determined to inspire but also direct atrocities here in the uk. nick beake, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: the massive second world war bomb defused in frankfurt — forcing the evacuation of more than 60,000 people. she received the nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and dying in india's slums.
the head of the catholic church said mother teresa was a wonderful example of how to help people in need. we have to identify the bodies, then arrange the coffins and take them back home. parents are waiting and wives are waiting. hostages appeared, some carried, some running, trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today, described by all to whom she reached out as irreplaceable. an early—morning car crash in a paris underpass ended a life with more than its share of pain and courage, warmth and compassion. this is bbc news.
the latest headlines: washington has warned north korea that any threat to america or its allies would be met with a massive and overwhelming military response following sunday's nuclear test. the german chancellor angela merkel has clashed with her rival martin schulz in the only live televised debate of the election campaign. let's get more on our top story now. william tobey is a former deputy administrator at america's national nuclear security administration. hejoins me now from connecticut. welcome, thank you forjoining us here on bbc world news. what do you make of the international response so far for this testing by north korea of its most powerful weapon so far? so far it's remarkably united, the test over the next several days, whether they continue with that when specific actions are called for. president trump has set the country, america,
stands ready to use it nuclear capabilities. do you get the sense that people are still ratcheting up instead of any country trying to bring things down, calm things down, and try to institute a process whereby all of the parties can actually come together and try to defuse the situation? well, there is no doubt that the recent provocations by the dprk have significantly increased tension, firing a missile over the japanese island of hokkaido and conducting their largest nuclear weapons test, estimated perhaps to be as much as 100 kilograms, a significant escalation. you have participated in negotiations including the six party talks with north korea, president trump has said the time for talking is over, a lot of experts say they are right, that he is right, and actually they cannot carry on this path and what needs to happen is bilateral talks between north korea
and the united states. is there any sense that i could happen, if not directly with president trump going to north korea, but actually there could be some kind of new process put in place that would enable kim jong—un to get the recognition that he so desperately wants in the world stage? so i think there are really two parts of the question, the first is what is the purpose of the talks? the north has against it little interest in negotiating for the denuclearisation of the korean peninsula and they have broken all previous accords that have governed such an outcome. the second part is, who participates? the us experience is without china's participation, the north is completely willing to go back on its word. and as the north‘s largest factor, largest trading partner and only realfriend in the world, ageing is critical to the outcome. william tobey,
u nfortu nately we a re the outcome. william tobey, unfortunately we are out of time but thank you forjoining us with your analysis. they're the men who fight boko haram militants, often armed with little more than sticks or home—made rifles. 25,000 vigilantes are playing a key role in nigeria's war against the islamist militant group. more than 600 members have been killed. now there are warnings unless the men are given jobs, they could present a new security threat. with more from north—east city of maiduguri, martin patience reports. they are all that stands between them feel each and boko haram. these young men of vigilantes. forced to ta ke young men of vigilantes. forced to take up arms. they treat strangers with suspicion here, danger isjust down the road. a recent suicide attack killed eight of them. translation: we never know when or how they will come. whether they
have guns or bombs. i'm not afraid. we can call on support. there are soldiers nearby. but the problem is now the enemy is well armed. and my gun only fires on round. —— one. vigilantes are seen as heroes in the fight against boko haram. they operate on the frontline, guiding the nigerian army through the bush where the militants seek shelter. it's dangerous work. hundreds have been killed. back in the city, they carry out security checks. most of the vigilantes like these men are well—trained, they know how to use
weapons, and they are scared of nothing. i have fought a run for several years, nothing. i have fought a run for several yea rs, after nothing. i have fought a run for several years, after all. and if the authorities simply dump them when the crisis finally ends, they will have a big problem on their hands. now, there's growing sense they are owed. some are traitors but most volu nteers owed. some are traitors but most volunteers are jobless and go without pay. their commander warned its unsustainable. translator: i am appealing to the government to providejobs to the appealing to the government to provide jobs to the vigilantes and to ta ke provide jobs to the vigilantes and to take care of the poor families of those who lost their lives to the cause. what would happen if these men don't getjobs? cause. what would happen if these men don't get jobs? we are going to have problems with armed robbery and kidnapping because if a man has no job, he will do anything to survive. no one doubts the bravery of these
men. they have helped put boko haram on the back foot. but unless their sacrifice are recognised, it could end up presenting a new threat. martin patience, bbc news, go on. —— maiduguri. in sport, maria sharapova's return to grand slam tennis after a 15—month ban for doping has ended in the fourth round of the us open. the former champion was granted a wild card for the tournament but had been on the receiving end of criticism from fellow players for the number of times she appeared to be rewarded with peak time matches. but on sunday, she was playing during the afternoon session and came unstuck against the latvian anastasija sevastova. it's been a really great ride in the last week. 0bviously coming off a loss, it's, you know, it's a quick turnaround in order to reflect all the positives that happened in the
last eight or nine days but ultimately, i can take a lot from this week. it's great to get that major out of the way, it was an incredible opportunity and i'm very thankfulfor incredible opportunity and i'm very thankful for the opportunity and i did my best and i thankful for the opportunity and i did my bestand i can thankful for the opportunity and i did my best and i can be proud of that. the people of frankfurt will try to get back to normal today following sunday's mass evacuation of the city — that's after german bomb disposal experts defused a massive unexploded bomb from world war ii. it was the country's biggest evacuation since the war. sarah corker reports. this is ‘blockbuster‘, so—called for its ability to flatten an entire street. the british—made bomb weighs1.5tons and, buried for more than 70 years, the fear was it may have become unstable over time. and so on sunday, there was a mass evacuation of frankfurt's city centre as technicians worked for hours to make the bomb safe. translation: with the british bomb, you have a particularly difficult task on top of it all.
once that fusers have been removed, the detonators have to be pulled out and they are highly sensitive. the problem with it is that, over time, crystals could have formed and they are highly explosive. the bomb was found last week during construction work in the city's west end. it is an area home to germany's central bank, where half of the country's gold reserves are stored. archive: into the dusk and through the long, dark hours... the hc 4000 bomb was dropped on frankfurt by the royal air force in 1944. there are thought to be hundreds of thousands of unexploded bombs across germany — legacies of intense bombing campaigns against the nazis. the scale of this evacuation was unlike any other — more than 60,000 people forced to leave. elderly residents recalled wartime memories. translation: i was here in west end during the war.
i heard the bombs falling when i was in the basement and i helped to extinguish the fires. police officers carried out door—to—door checks before the bomb was successfully disarmed, but it will take decades to safely defuse the thousands of other bombs still buried beneath german towns and cities. sarah corker, bbc news. the us defence secretary james mattis says any threat to the united states or its allies would be met with a massive military response. korea has responded by carrying out its own military exercise. don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter. i'm @thesamsimmonds. stay with us on bbc world news. all of our top stories are coming up next. hello.
after a weekend of two halves, this week's weather takes us on a bit of a journey but things are a bit quieter for a time mid—week, as i'll show you in a moment. muggy night and by the end of the night any rain will be quite light and patchy. a misty, murky start to monday as well with postal hill fog particularly in the south and west. like a likea win like a win for england and wales and we had on sunday but look at all of this cloud, producing somdev, drizzly weather in places and more into northern england and scotland. a dry start in northern island of band of rain will move to is put through the morning. winter in northern scotland and in shetland they could be gales at times. england and wales, east wales and england, should start to brighton, it's sunny spells and feel quite warm. it's muddy, it could be one or
two showers in the afternoon. a band of rain moves through northern ireland and moves to scotland, the further west in northern ireland, northwest in scotland, could brighten things up later in the afternoon. some temperature is above average, potentially warm and mighty, depending on whether you get to see much of sunshine. 0ther night, the rain isn't done and pops up night, the rain isn't done and pops up across night, the rain isn't done and pops up across northern ireland, scotland, northern and wales. energy from this system pushes out into the north sea but then we are left with a narrowing band of rain set to move on south eastwards across england during tuesday from this weather front which is a cold front, the leading edge of caller, fresher feeling air which is across most pa rt by feeling air which is across most part by tuesday for outbreaks of rain, with clearing wales and pushing south eastwards through england, some showers following towards the north—west of the uk but increasing amount of sunshine coming through during tuesday afternoon. a breezy mind you but the caller, fresher air spreads across the uk. wednesday, a few showers in the west, most places dry, temperatures
average. the sunny spells. phil on thursday as we go on through the day, the weather system will start to push, a brick of rain in scotland and northern ireland. this week sta rts and northern ireland. this week starts humid, warming places, then turns cool and fresh, a few days of sunny spells on showers and the change for some of us as we go through thursday and the rest of us, thursday night into friday could be quite wet and windy for a time. this is bbc world news. the headlines. the us defence secretary james mattis says any threat to the united states or its allies will be met with a massive military response. he was speaking after briefing president trump following north korea's latest nuclear test. south korea has responded by carrying out its own military exercise. the german chancellor angela merkel has clashed with her rival martin schulz over foreign policy in the only live televised debate of the election campaign. polls after the debate indicated that mrs merkel came out ahead. a bbc investigation has found that so—called islamic state was secretly directing would—be extremists