tv BBC News at Ten BBC News September 6, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
tonight at ten, business leaders voice deep concern at plans to restrict eu migration after brexit. the plans, still in draft form, would apply to low—skilled eu workers, with firms told to give preference to british people. overall, immigration has been good for the uk, but what people want to see is control of that immigration. but the response to the leaked home office document in the business world has been mainly negative, with warnings of economic damage. nationally, you know, coastal resorts struggle to recruit. so recruiting from the european market is really important to us. and tonight, further signs of business concern about the government's brexit approach. we'll have more details. also on the programme. one of the most powerful hurricanes ever recorded is destroying houses and flooding islands in the caribbean. a report on the growing humanitarian crisis as rohingya muslims flee the violence in their native myanmar.
you can see what a dangerous voyage it has been for them. the boat is listing dangerously on its side. the world's highest—paid actress, jennifer lawrence, talks to us about the gender gap in pay that must be tackled. but i think trevor brooking's next, well, he is next to me... laughter and the unmistakeable voice of football for half a century, john motson, decides to call it a day. and coming up in sportsday on bbc news. all the latest from flushing meadows where karolina pliskova's reign as world no 1 has come to an end. good evening. business leaders have expressed their deep concern about plans to restrict the number
of low—skilled workers who come to the uk after brexit. the plans are included in a leaked home office document, which also urges employers to give preference to british people looking for work. the hospitality industry said today it relied on eu workers and warned the plans would be "catastrophic" if implemented. but the prime minister told mps the government was committed to controlling immigration. our political editor laura kuenssberg reports. there in black and white, a plan for immigration after we leave the eu. leaked ideas to answer the demand the prime minister believes millions made when they voted to go. prime minister, is your immigration policy going to hurt the economy? a draft of a tighter system of control that could come with its own costs. overall immigration has been good for the uk, but what people want to see is control of that immigration. that is, i think, what people want to see as a result of coming
out of the european union. we are already able to exercise controls in relation to those who come to this country from outside the countries within the european union and we continue to believe as a government that it is important to have net migration at sustainable levels. the document from august says freedom of movement, where unlimited eu citizens can come here, will end when we leave. new arrivals after 2019 would have to register to stay long—term. there will be tighter rules for lower—skilled workers to prioritise british employees, perhaps even with a cap on numbers. and for eu citizens who do come to the uk, it will be harder to bring family along. so, perfect piping. this birmingham food factory is already losing one italian chef who is worried about brexit, and boss rosie is concerned it will make it harder to attract new arrivals,
the staff she needs. it will definitely hinder ourjob as an employer but actually, as a food manufacturer. so we do have chefs from all over the world. it will impact our ability to recruit people. come to order, please. officially, labour is rather silent on the leak, not yet government policy. but prominent voices fear cutting off low skilled immigration could choke business. the idea that we stop eu citizens coming here, the lower—skilled ones who are important for hospitality, construction and social care, will somehow lead to us being more prosperous, is ridiculous. that's why i'm hoping this leak isn't genuine government policy and if it is, we are hoping the government rethinks. is it not time we took back control of our immigration policy? but the government won't budge on its view the referendum was an instruction from the public to control immigration. exa ctly how 7 well, one minister admitted it won't be an easyjob and says since this draft was put together
only last month, there have been six more versions of the plan, with notjust the home office, but the treasury, the brexit department and number ten all determined to chip in. and don't forget, whatever they decide here, they have to try to persuade the eu. first signs from eu members don't bode well. for us, it would be a nonstarter. for us, it would go in the wrong direction and won't help at all, neither the current negotiation nor the future negotiations. leaving the eu is notjust about obscure negotiations in the back rooms of brussels but government departments right now, engaged in rewriting the country's rules. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. so what effect could the plans have on the uk economy, and on sectors such as health, social care and hospitality, if far fewer low—skilled workers are allowed to come here after brexit? our home editor mark easton has been investigating.
for many, brexit was about restricting eu immigration. here in clacton, for example, there's support for an immigration policy that deters low—skilled european workers from coming to the uk unless it can be shown they make british people richer. britain should come first because it's broken britain at the minute. they shouldn't just come here and get jobs straightaway. it's not right. brexit means the same rules we currently use for non—eu migrants can be applied to those from the eu, for instance, discouraging low—skilled workers. the home office document proposes low—skilled eu workers be limited to staying a maximum of two years, that they meet a specific salary threshold, with a cap on overall numbers. but what does low—skilled mean? for non—eu, it means a job paying less than £30,000 a year. so many care workers, for example, teachers, builders and nurses are barred unless their occupation is on a shortage list.
this afternoon, nurses were demonstrating outside parliament, demanding better pay but also warning the nhs in england is currently 40,000 nurses short. one of the difficulties is, because of the low pay of nurses, they don't fall into the category of the skilled workforce we want to bring in so we've always been dependent on nursing being on a shortage list, which we would obviously encourage that demand, that it stays on the shortage list. inside the houses of parliament, mps were today discussing how lower immigration might hit key services like social care. but those in favour of tougher controls say even though the uk is close to full employment, the country should do more to fill british jobs with british workers. what we want to do is encourage employers to train local people, actually, to make more of an effort to look ahead and prepare for the time when there won't be all these people coming
in with ready—made skills, prepared to work for lower wages. today's policy proposals also envisage tighter controls on family members an eu worker can bring with them, a minimum income for spouses, for example. but official government advisers have said post brexit, low immigration would cost britain £113 million a week by 2021. employees including the creative industries, construction, employers including the creative industries, construction, agriculture and the hospitality industry have been warning of dire economic consequences. recruiting from the european market is really important to us and it adds another skill base to our workforce and that skill base is often something we just can't get locally. today's policy proposal document may well enjoy public support but it also highlights the swings and roundabouts of the journey to a lower migration britain. mark easton, bbc news. so on the day that business leaders
voiced their disquiet about aspects of the government's brexit planning, let's talk to our business editor, simonjack. this is all coming at a time when ministers are trying to get business on board. yes, get them back on board on board. yes, get them back on boa rd after on board. yes, get them back on board after a slightly frosty relationship during the election and these proposals did not go down well and they come precisely at a time when the government is trying to demonstrate business supports their approach to brexit, but in fact, they've been circulating a letter to some of the uk's biggest companies, they want them to sign a letter, saying the leaders of some of the uk's most dynamic businesses, even though some of them supported gabi maine and some supported leave, but 15 months later, we share an understanding brexit is happening and believe this is a good time for the government and employers to work together and we look forward to the government negotiating an interim period, basically asking business do endorse the government's general approach. i've spoken to several
business leaders today and white —— while they understand and want to work closely with government, they feel uncomfortable about endorsing an approach to brexit that many of them think lacks clarity. one said they would not sign this letter in a million years. as you say, that is a setback for government that was trying to rehabilitate its relationship with business. i can tell you the cbi, the employers group, is trying to circulate a letter of its own and will probably have more success letter of its own and will probably have more success with getting signatories so business won't be told about what it is about the government policy they support, they wa nt to government policy they support, they want to tell the government for themselves. thank you forjoining us. themselves. thank you forjoining us. simonjack, themselves. thank you forjoining us. simon jack, our themselves. thank you forjoining us. simonjack, our business editor. hurricane irma, the second most powerful storm ever recorded in the atlantic, has now made landfall as it sweeps across a number of caribbean islands. this evening, president macron has warned about casualties in the french caribbean territories, saying the impact had been "hard and cruel". the category 5 storm is now heading towards the british virgin islands and to puerto rico. our correspondent laura bicker is there tonight. we are about one hour away here in
puerto rico from experiencing, almost experiencing the eye of hurricane irma. she is expected to brush the northern half of the island with 185 mph winds. i have to tell you, we have picked a sheltered place to broadcast from but outside here, the wind is already gusting up to 120 mph. there is debris flying through the air. there are no flights in and out of the island and people are sheltering and have been told to stay indoors. hurricane irma has already travelled across the eastern caribbean, causing major devastation and two people have lost their lives which has made people here fearful of what could be to come. this is what it sounds like to be at the heart of one of the strongest storms recorded in the atlantic. the winds, like a jet engine, roared through the eastern caribbean. the category 5 hurricane ripped roofs off homes and devastated parts
of the french territories of st barts and st martin. two people have lost their lives. translation: i want, firstly, to say a few words to express our profound compassion and solidarity to our fellow citizens who today were affected by hurricane irma on st martin and in st bart. these pilots flew into the eye of the storm, a unique view of the sheer scale of this hurricane and, at its core, are those catastrophic 185 mile an hour winds, and that is what they fear on the island of puerto rico. the aim is to try to save as much as possible. neighbours are handing out wood boarding and supplies. this shop owner describes them as "angels. " we're a strong island. you know, we've been through this before, so... you know, it's a lot of emotions going on, you know. the governor has been inspecting one of the shelters set up
for the thousands who are expected to evacuate low—lying areas. we are hopeful that it'll skid off somewhere north—east of puerto rico, but we're prepared for the worst as well. we can't leave anything to chance, and our priority right now is to make sure that the people of puerto rico are safe. these families hope they will be safe here. the full force of hurricane irma is still several hours away and already you can see and feel its effect. the preparations have been made over the last few days and the governor says that could be the difference between lives lost and lives saved. in florida they're taking no chances, evacuations are already under way. the storm could hit the sunshine state this weekend. president trump has declared a state of emergency, freeing up relief funding for florida and puerto rico. we have a lot to discuss, including the fact that there's a new and, seems to be, record—breaking hurricane heading right toward florida
and puerto rico, and other places. we'll see what happens. we'll know in a very short period of time, but it looks like it could be something that will be not good. believe me, not good. hurricane irma has proved to be a terrifying, unstoppable force. all those in her path can do is hunker down and hope. laura bicker, bbc news, puerto rico. so for the latest on the path of hurricane irma and where it's heading, we'rejoined by nick miller of the bbc weather centre. huw, this hurricane season is turning the astonishing into the almost unbelievable. first, hurricane harvey's record and devastating rain and now irma's catastrophic winds. this is breathtaking — a view taken from space today of the eye of hurricane irma passing directly over barbuda. that means the island went from catastrophic winds to almost dead calm in the eye, then back to catastrophic winds again. amazing to think about but remember, there are people who lived this. from barbuda, irma is now
battering the virgin islands, then quickly on to puerto rico, the dominican republic tomorrow and then the bahamas. after that, the current forecast takes it close to cuba on friday and then florida at the weekend, but exactly where in florida is still open to question. but importantly, by the weekend, irma is still forecast to be a major hurricane. that is why the necessary preparations are already underway in florida. if it does hit florida, it will the first time in the same season that two at least category 4 hurricanes have made landfall in the continental usa. another reason this hurricane season is cementing its place in the record books. there is now another hurricane in the atlantic, jose ca nas there is now another hurricane in the atlantic, jose canas this weekend it may also come close to barbuda is a major hurricane. —— jose, and this weekend. in myanmar, the government has
rejected accusations that the armed forces are conducting a campaign of indiscriminate violence, targeting rohingya muslims. aung san suu kyi, the country's leader, said the situation in rakhine state was being distorted by what she called a "huge iceberg of misinformation". it's the first time she's spoken since the crisis erupted two weeks ago, leaving hundreds dead and thousands fleeing their homes. 146,000 people have arrived in bangladesh in the past 12 days, some travelling over land, others arriving on boats across the bay of bengal. the un says that figure could rise to 300,000. our correspondent sanjoy majumder sent this report from the port city of cox's bazar, near the bangladesh—myanmar border, where boats are arriving. these are myanmar‘s boat people dazed, confused after an exhausting
trip over the choppy bay of bengal. stepping on shore with their possessions, whatever they could grab in a hasty escape. this boat carrying rohingya refugees has just arrived on the south eastern coast of bangladesh. you can see what a dangerous voyage it has been for them, the boat is lifting dangerously on its side. but it's the only way they could have made their way here. they've been frightened, running for their lives. on the beach they collapse in a heap, many of them severely dehydrated and sea sick after an eight—hour voyage. some can scarcely believe they're alive, others let their loved ones know they made it. a brother and sister united after days, separated after their village was attacked, unsure if they would ever seen each again.
but some, like dilbar, continue to relive the horror of a village being attacked? translation: it has taken us 20 days to come here. our village was attacked by the army and buddhist mobs. they burned our house and my aunt was killed. her grandson was shot, his injured arm now encased in homemade splint. translation: we hid in the mountains for 12 days from where we could hear the sound of bombing, of rockets being fired. people were being slaughtered by the army and buddhist mobs. it's hard to independently verify what's happening inside myannmar, access is severely restricted. but this unverified video, shot by one of the escaping rohingyas, appears to show thousands of others waiting to leave, fleeing what they allege are targeted killings. and many of those who do make it
across to bangladesh bare the scars of violence. this teenager shows us what he says are gunshot wounds. "when my village was attacked i tried to run", he says. "the soldiers fired indiscriminately. many people died." they are sometimes described as the world's most persecuted minority, driven from their homes, the rohingyas now have to find a way to rebuild their lives. sanjoy majumder, bbc news, bangladesh. in her comments today, myanmar‘s leader, aung san suu kyi, made no mention of the tens of thousands of rohingya muslims who've fled her country. today the united nations secretary general, antonio guterres, said he feared a "humanitarian catastrophe." so why has aung sang suu kyi remained silent on the suffering of the rohingya? our special correspondent, fergal keane, who's interviewed her several times over the years,
has this report, which does contain flashing photography. against the tyranny of dictatorship, she was the perfect symbol — a compelling voice, articulating the language of universal human rights. great prizes followed, a nobel laureateship for peace. but house arrest, the destruction of her family life were the price for what seemed an unbending commitment to human rights. and yet she defends a brutal military crackdown that has uprooted more than 100,000 people. today she was welcoming india's supportive prime minister and denouncing terror attacks on police and border posts by rohingya militants. so we believe that together we can work to make sure that terrorism is not allowed to take root on our soil or on the soil of our neighbouring countries. decades of discrimination and anti—rohingya violence helped create the animosity out of which militant violence grew. in a place where most of their buddhist neighbours
live in extreme poverty, the rohingya exist at the bottom of the social scale. stigmatised as foreigners, though many have lived here for generations. five years ago, i made my first journey to report on the violence against the rohingya, 100,000 were displaced back then. denied citizenship, many were corralled into camps, enduring disease and hunger. the world looked to aung san suu kyi to intervene, but she was conspicuously reticent. over several encounters, i pressed this devout buddhist about the violence against the rohingya muslims. can you promise that if your party wins this election, the human rights, the civil rights of all people who live in this country, whatever their religion, whatever their ethnic background, that those human rights will be respected ? so if we are able to form a government, certainly we'll abide by our commitment to human rights
and democratic values. what hope can you give to those people in this country who have been discriminated against, targeted on the basis of their religion? it's not going to be easy, that they must understand, because prejudice is not removed easily and hatred is not going to be removed easily, but we can work at it together. do you ever worry that you will be remembered as the champion of human rights, the noble laureate who failed to stand up to ethnic cleansing in her own country? no, because i don't think there's ethnic cleansing going on. aung san suu kyi doesn't control the powerful military elite, but her words provide the army with political cover. her diplomats are working with russia and china to prevent criticism at the un. it's a stance that prompts an unsettling question — is her longstanding commitment to human rights partial, never to embrace the beleaguered rohingya muslims? fergal keane, bbc news. the importance of science
and innovation to the uk economy has been repeatedly highlighted by ministers as they consider britain's future outside the european union. so how could brexit affect the scientific community here? it receives eu funding and it does collaborate with european scientists on many important projects. today, the government outlined its vision for science and brexit and our science editorm david shukman, has been taking a closer look. european funding underpins much of british science. it supports the search for a new, clean source of energy, with this experimental fusion reactor near oxford. it helps the exploration of graphene, an astonishing material with huge industrial potential, and it contributes to research into flooding and how best to predict it. and because of links like this, a new government paper recognises that a deep relationship should continue after brexit and research leaders are relieved. it's very encouraging in both
its tone and its aspirations, but it's clear that there's going to be a lot of work that needs to be done to hammer out the details of an eventual agreement. over the years, british scientists have done well with european funding. between 2007 and 2013, they received £8 billion in grants, and that's £3 billion more than the uk paid to the eu research budget. so where does this go? well, here's one example. at imperial college in london, mosquitoes are used to investigate a vaccine for malaria, part of a multinational european project. dozens of teams here and literally thousands across the uk benefit from eu funding. the government hopes that this can continue, but no one is sure exactly how. what scientists are desperate to find out is exactly what kind of future relationship there'll be with the european union. will it be like norway
and switzerland, which are outside the eu, but in its science programme? for that, they have to pay and accept freedom of movement. or will there be some other unique arrangement for britain? whatever it is, it's going to take some serious negotiation. a key issue is freedom of movement for scientists. of this team of 12 at the francis crick institute, 10 are from eu countries, and they feel uncertain. it is a concern and it is one that plays on all of our minds, and that is possibly leading to at least some people beginning to contemplate offers elsewhere which they may not have contemplated before. the jetstream is building nicely. from researching the jet stream and how it affects our weatherm to investigating the deep ocean, british science is integrated with a wider european effort.
unpicking that, or adjusting it, won't be easy. david shukman, bbc news. a brief look at some of the day's other news stories. five men charged in connection with the investigation into the hillsborough disaster have appeared at preston crown court. they included the former chief constable, sir norman bettison. although no pleas were entered today, all the defendants have previously indicated that they will plead not guilty. the bbc has announced that it's conducting three wide—ranging reviews into pay following the controversy over salaries earlier this summer. two will look into equal pay across the corporation, the other will be a review of pay and diversity for presenters. the actressjennifer lawrence has been speaking about the gender pay gap in hollywood. the 27—year—old oscar winner has been critical of the industry in the past after finding out that she'd been paid less than her male co—stars. the premiere of her new film — a psychological thriller called mother — has brought her to london and she's been sharing her views with our arts editor, will gompertz. we spend all our time here. i want to make a paradise.
jennifer lawrence is the film's eponymous mother, she's houseproud and devoted to her husband — a much older literary man, played by javier ba rdem. what do they want? but their domestic bliss turns into a living nightmare in a metaphor—rich, effects—laden horror movie which the critics have been slamming and lauding in equal measure. i'm so sorry. get out of my house! there will be no "meh" with anybody who sees the movie. it's not enjoyable while you're watching it. it's hard to watch. it's an assault. you know, if i was writing a review while i was watching it, i would be like, "argh! argh! don't go! argh!" if you sit with it a little bit and give yourself 30 minutes, 45 minutes when you get home and you sit with it, you realise how important it is. he's a stranger, we're just going to let him sleep in our house? hello. did you know he had a wife? what was in it that was important?
for me, it was what would happen. what would happen if we treated our planet with care, with humanity? you're insane! what would happen if we stopped raping and pillaging our only home and we actually cared about where our children are going to live in the future? until we start politically making changes, there's not much we can do. pulling out of the paris climate deal was not a good step. irvine loves them. oh, my god. he can't get enough of that stuff. the actress has spoken out about gender pay inequality in hollywood, citing information gleaned from the 2014 sony pictures email hack which revealed she was paid considerably less than her male co—stars for appearing in the film american hustle. can me and the man talk about business here? do you think it's still deeply unfair, the game is rigged in hollywood?
ido, yeah. i think there's still a lot of unfairness. we are making changes. the gap is very slowly closing, but there's still work to be done. did you make sure, for instance, that you got paid the same amount, or even more thanjavier bardem in this movie? i didn't, i didn't look at what javier was getting, ijust knew what i deserved and i fought for that. and if you found out he was being paid more? there would be a phone call. you would have a word? the actressjennifer lawrence speaking to our arts editor, will gompertz. now, after a career spanning five decades in which he's covered 29 fa cup finals, ten world cups and thousands of matches, the bbc football commentator, john motson has decided it's time to set down that microphone at the age of 72. he'll retire at the end of this season he says he doesn't want to
wait until he's going down hill. he's been speaking to our sports editor, dan roan. commentator: goal! for half a century, he's been a true footballing fixture. commentator: here's gascoigne. 0h, brilliant. oh, yes! his commentary‘s as much a part of the game as the many moments he's so uniquely described. but finally, john motson has decided to hang up his mic and he told me why this season will be his last at the bbc. i think there's always a time to go. lots of water's gone under the bridge in all the years i've been doing match of the day. the challenge i still love, but it has got more difficult. ijust think it might be the moment to say — thank you very much and leave it to somebody else. motson‘s big breakthrough came in 1972 at hereford versus newcastle when he conveyed the emotion of one of the fa cup‘s greatest shocks.