this is bbc world news. i'm tom donkin. our top stories: hurricane irma continues to cut a path of devastation across the caribbean. lives and homes now lie in ruins. the hurricane‘s now heading towards florida. the governor there warns that time is running out for millions of residents to move to safety. the strongest earthquake in a century strikes off the southern coast of mexico. at least 58 people are dead. and as the un warns of an unprecedented refugee crisis in myanmar, hundreds of thousands of rohingya muslims continue to flee the country. hello and welcome.
hurricane irma has cut a devastating path across the caribbean, leaving death and destruction in its wake. at least 20 people are now known to have died and more than a million people have been affected. the massive storm, one of the most powerful hurricanes ever recorded in the atlantic, is forecast to hit the united states on saturday night. and there's another hurricane coming up behind irma. jose has now strengthened to a category 4, with driving winds of 200km/h, that's125mph. and forecasters warn it could strengthen still further. our correspondent laura bicker is the first foreign journalist to reach barbuda, which has been devastated by irma. islanders there are racing to evacuate to neighbouring antigua beforejose makes landfall. this is her report.
the island of barbuda was once a caribbean paradise. now it is lost. hurricane irma has reduced it to rubble. homes are unrecognisable. the ruins lie scattered, torn and ripped apart. having survived the worst storm in living memory, and knowing another is on the way, people are exhausted, hungry and just desperate to leave. i don't know. i'm just waiting to get evacuated from here, and then i'm going to come back and try and salvage something, and help... i don't know. my whole life is here, so... we're not coping, we're definitely not coping. everybody will tell you the same, they're not coping. everyone is in the same situation and nobody can help one another. the core of the hurricane carved a cruel and deadly path through these streets. a two—year—old died, drowned as her mother tried
to move her to safer ground. but, incredibly, the rest of the people on this island survived the storm's wrath. don't worry, we're going to get you off the island, and we're going to get you to safety, and you'll be taken care of. the prime minister has travelled from neighbouring antigua to provide some reassurance. be patient, we're going to get you all off. he knows this is a race against time before hurricanejose arrives in just a few hours. we heard him haggling for every boat, helicopter or plane to help with the evacuation. can it land here, though? but fear starts to spread that not everyone will get out in time. this woman's just been told she doesn't have a place on the next boat. the sheer horrifying scale of the devastation here means that barely a building is salvageable. that means that the whole island will have to be rebuilt and the government has already admitted it simply doesn't have the money. the hope is that the funds will come from somewhere. we're hoping that, you know, friendly governments and international partners will step up to the plate and assist us. they should not see this
as a form of, let's say, the prime minister and the people of antigua and barbuda coming with a begging bowl, cap in hand. this is a disaster, a national disaster. the fragments of people's lives now lie in ruins. they can only hope that one day they will once again call this island home. but for now they must leave by any means possible, including this towed barge, and they don't know when they will return. laura bicker, bbc news, barbuda. we'll have more later on those areas preparing for irma and there's much more coverage of the hurricane on our website. including a look at how dangerous irma is, compared to other super storms which have caused havoc in the region in previous decades. just log on to bbc.com/news. and as if the destruction in the caribbean wasn't bad enough, mexico has been hit by its most powerful earthquake in a century. at least 58 people have been killed and that figure is set to rise.
it struck off the pacific coast to the south of the country, with a magnitude of 8.1. it was felt as far north as mexico city, some 800km from the epicentre. the tremor is reported to have lasted about a minute, as sophie long reports. daylight revealed the destruction the most powerful quake to hit mexico in decades had delivered. in less than a minute, yucatan‘s town hall was reduced to rubble. at least 17 of its citizens were killed. translation: it was all horrific. everything collapsed, everything. the truth — i have no words to explain what happened. look at my home, everything is destroyed. this is the moment it hit a bowling alley in chiapas, the closest state to the quake‘s epicentre. 600 miles away, the tremors rocked mexico city. as people pick through the remnants of their lives, there are fears that there could be more strong
aftershocks to come. translation: so far, there have been 65 aftershocks. the strongest was magnitude 6.1. however, it's possible that, over the next 2a hours, we could see a shock that's as strong as the earthquake. this is a country used to earthquakes, but not of this magnitude. it has left families devastated, and infrastructure destroyed. the united nations is warning of an "unprecedented" refugee crisis in myanmar. it says more than 250,000 people have fled the country in recent days. the refugees from the country's muslim rohingya minority are fleeing an army crackdown against insurgents in rakhine state. 0ur correspondentjonathan head reports from the north of rakhine province, where he's seen evidence of the operation to drive rohingya muslims from their homes.
this is northern rakhine state, two weeks after attacks by rohingya militants provoked a ferocious backlash from the army and local buddhists. muslim villages are still being razed to the ground, their inhabitants driven in vast numbers over into bangladesh. these are scenes i was not supposed to see. i'd been invited on a government—run tour of the troubled area for journalists. we could only see places the government approved of. even so, the devastation we witnessed was staggering. village after village, destroyed or deserted. entire communities reduced to ashes. the military officer in charge of border security told us that it is the muslim terrorists, as he calls the rohingya militants, who are burning down the villages to force the people away and to block the security forces. of all the villages that
have been burnt down, have they all been burnt down by muslim militants? is that what we are saying, all of them, 100%? but why, then, is this town still smouldering, two weeks after it was first attacked and days after its muslim inhabitants had left? why could we see more smoke rising ominously in the distance? we were taken to a rakhine buddhist village. hatred and fear of muslims is intense here, all the more so since some took up arms. like the government, they don't accept that rohingyas, bengalis, they call them, belong in myanmar. we don't like, never liked bengali people. they say rohingya. it's not rohingya. they lie...they lie. bengali, they lie. this is my mother land, my father land, not bengali land. this is the result of that hatred.
by chance, we spotted a fire close to the road, which had just been started. it was a muslim village called goduthaya. the roof of the madrassa had just been set alight. islamic school books were strewn across the path. this happened within walking distance of a large police barracks. we've just arrived at this village, and, as you can see from these fires, they've onlyjust been lit. in fact, we bumped into the people who almost certainly lit them, carrying machetes, not wanting to talk. but one did admit, yes, they set these buildings alight with the help of the police. they are ethnic rakhine. this was a muslim village. the government has claimed that all of the village destruction is at the hands of muslim militants and rohingya inhabitants. what we've seen here tells us a very different story,
a story of ethnic cleansing, of driving muslims out of this part of myanmar. we still don't know the fate of the people who once lived here, who left many of their possessions behind. they may be in bangladesh, or still trapped in a country that doesn't want them. it seems certain, though, that they are never coming home. more now on hurricane irma. the governor of florida has warned that time is running out for residents to move to safety as hurricane irma makes its way to the us mainland. about a million of florida's 20 million inhabitants have already been ordered to leave their homes. aleem maqbool reports from miami. they are now calling this one of the biggest mass evacuations in american history. the roads heading out of southern florida are clogged, fuel in short supply. today is the day to do the right
thing for yourfamily, and get inland for safety. this storm is wider than our entire state, and is expected to cause major and life—threatening impacts from coast to coast. at miami's airport, people scramble for the last chance to get out by air. in one corner, we find a couple from liverpool. luke decided to bring megan here as a surprise. now, they are preparing to weather the storm of a lifetime. we spent two days trying to get out of here, so we've just sort of given up on the idea of getting out of here. our plan is to just wait in the airport until sunday, ‘cause they‘ re adamant that our flight‘s leaving on sunday. but ijust can't really see that happening. but i think it's more the inconvenience of being here and not knowing when you're going home, what's happening. i feel like the airport's quite a safe building to be in. the area they had been staying in, normally packed with tourists, is in the evacuation zone, and has been all but abandoned. well, just extraordinary to see miami's iconic south beach as deserted as this.
but it is an indication ofjust how seriously people here are taking the warnings, particularly having seen the type of destruction that has been wrought by this hurricane already. if they are coming here, it is to fill pillowcases with sand, to barricade their homes before irma hits. donald trump himself will be affected. his florida resort, mar—a—lago, has been forced to close, and is in the projected path of the storm. the national guard has been deployed here. they are stockpiling commodities that could become scarce in the coming days, like drinking water. but they are also preparing for what is likely to be a massive rescue operation. right across this state, there is a sense that time
is running out to protect property and lives. lets get more on the preparations for the hurricane. thanks for joining us. you know about hurricanes more than most of us. what you think will happen when irma hits florida? there can be a lot of different in packs. we will definitely see damaging winds. tropical storm force winds extend from the centre and in a lot of areas that have trees you don't need hurricane force to make the trees fall down and have power outages. storm surge is going to be a very good problem —— big problem, water pushing inland from bays and inlets. heavy rainfall could occur and tropical cyclone stan also produce tornadoes as well. you are in gainesville, more inland from miami. have you seen much evidence that people are heeding warnings to get out of coastal areas to evacuate?
very much so. here in gainesville we are about 100 miles south from the border and for the last couple of days the main interstate that goes through the centre of florida has been packed with people. gas stations here in gainesville have run out of gas. store shelves have been emptied and we are inland. so a lot of people are coming up through this area trying to make their way to georgia and further north. some 25 years ago florida had to deal with hurricane andrew, a devastating hurricane. what you think it will be in relation to that, irma? it depends on how populated and area the maximum winds end up hitting. if we get those maximum winds hitting the everglades that will spare a lot of areas, but there are hurricane force winds extending from the
centre, the buildings and homes are at risk, so there could be a lot of building damage. we do mention storm surges. that really is the devastating quickly hidden danger we see after the winds. we saw that with harvey. just explain what they are. the storm surge is a rise of water that happens in conjunction because you've got a bit of a low pressure centre with a tropical cyclone pressure centre with a tropical cyclo ne pa m pressure centre with a tropical cyclone pam the water rises up to fill the gap, but mostly because the energy from the tropical cyclone ita is put into the water and is pushing the water ahead of the storm. —— tropical cyclone. so when the coast comes in it gets more shallow so the energy doesn't have anywhere to go but to be pushed in mind. thank you very much for your time. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: an act of reconciliation. after decades of armed conflict, the pope presides over a ceremony bringing colombia's victims together
with formerfighters. freedom itself was attacked this morning, and freedom will be defended. the united states will hunt down and punish those responsible. bishop tutu now becomes spiritual leader of 100,000 anglicans here — of the blacks in soweto township, as well as the whites, in their rich suburbs. we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears — enough! translation: the difficult decision we reached together was one that required great and exceptional courage. it's an exodus of up to 60,000 people caused by the uneven pace of political change in eastern europe. i'm free!
this is bbc news. the latest headlines: at least 20 people have been killed by hurricane irma with one organisation claiming that more than a million people have been affected by the storm damage. pope francis has presided over an emotional act of reconciliation let's return to our earlier story about the powerful earthquake that's hit mexico, killing 58 people. we can speak to robertjones, he's a teacher based in mexico city. thank you forjoining us. you are a few hundred kilometres away from the epicentre, describe what you felt when the earthquake struck. apologies for that, we seem to have
lost robert. we will try and get backin lost robert. we will try and get back in touch with him, a teacher based in mexico city, obviously felt the quake when it struck. pope francis has presided over an emotional act of reconciliation between victims of colombia's armed conflict and former fighters. speaking in villavicencio, one of the places worst affected by the five—decade conflict between government forces and the farc, the pope called for truth and justice for victims. 0ur south america correspondent katy watson sent this report. the epicentre of the cemetery tells the story of the country's conflict. of of more than half a century of disappearances, murders and separation. when virginia was six, her mother went to fight with the farc. she was made to, she says, and she's given up ever seeing her again, but not her dad, who disappeared 13 yea rs not her dad, who disappeared 13 years later. in among the tombs are unnamed graves, victims of the conflict. but even this would bring closure to virginia.
she's optimistic about a peace process, she might find out what happened to her father. "i would love to come here with a flower", she says. "to have a plaque with his name on, a place "i could spend time. "i want him to be alive more than anything, but this at least "would be something." virginia is one of hundreds of victims meeting the pope. there's a lot of expectation that he can help heal wounds here. the latin american pontiff is well loved on his home turf. the crowds excited about welcoming a pope to colombia for the first time in more than 30 years. the pope decided to come to villavicencio because it's seen as the epicentre of the violence the country suffered for more than five decades.
the younger generation doesn't know any different. people here want to rebuild and move forward. the pope warned that the peace process in colombia would fail if people didn't seek reconciliation. it came as the farc leader issued an open letter to the pope, asking for forgiveness. joanna thinks compassion is important. she runs a beauty business now and a few years ago she too was part of the farc. when her 12—year—old sister signed up she said she had little choice but to join too to protect her. "they guerillas killed my two sisters", she tells me when i ask about divisions in the country. "i'm a victim but also a perpetrator. "i'm in both camps." she says she wants the pope to bring a message of peace, so there's less judgement and more understanding about people who used to be guerrillas or paramilitaries. the pope's words resonate with the millions of colombians tied to the conflict, but once he's gone
it is action that is needed. it will be a long road to lasting peace here. katy watson, bbc news, villavicencio in columbia. here in the uk, it's emerged that a teenage girl who died from a brain aneurysm has helped a record number of people through organ donation. jon kay reports. dear mum, happy birthday. it was just before her mum's birthday party five years ago that jemima suddenly collapsed. # the girl who has everything.# she had an aneurysm that had never been diagnosed, and doctors told her parents nothing could be done. we'd seen the scans and there was such a huge shadow on the left side of the brain that she could never, ever recover. by chance, jemima had spoken to her parents about organ donation just a few days
before she collapsed. when she died, they felt they had to follow the schoolgirl‘s wishes. she did specifically say that she wanted to be an organ donor. how did that help you make the decision, when you knew that she wasn't going to survive? it made that decision so much easier. it's like an automatic thing, "yes, absolutely, because that's what her wishes were". five years on, jemima's family have now been told that her organs, including her heart, lungs and kidneys, have helped more people than any other single donor. freddie is one of those jemima saved. he'd been given just weeks to live before he received her liver in a transplant. this week, he started secondary school. his family's message... thank you, but that just doesn't seem enough. you're grateful that they actually stuck to jemima's wishes and let her donate her organs, which allowed our child to live. but obviously for our child to live, their child had to die.
it's really tough, but we can never be thankful enough. this month, the two families will meet for the first time at a charity ball organised injemima's memory. her parents know that not everyone would make the decision they did, but with more than 6,000 people waiting for transplants, they're now campaigning for more of us to register as donors. jon kay, bbc news, somerset. saturday sees the 70th anniversary of ferrari. the italian racing team unveiled its first car back in 19117. since then, the company has seen incredible success on the track and has become a symbol for style and success. the bbc‘s tim allman looks back on seven decades of the prancing horse. when it comes to cars, is there any name more
glamorous than ferrari? those sleek lines, the deep crimson red, and the music of the engine. it is magic. almost from the beginning, ferrari enjoyed success. here fangio winning the british grand prix in 1956. then nicki lauda. jodie schechter. michael schumacher. legendary names, legendary cars. and what would the founder, enzo ferrari, make of it all? i think he's pleased to see a company that, of course, is different from his own but looking ahead was able to maintain the characteristics, the culture of ferrari.
this is important. these days, ferrari is a multibillion—dollar operation. high—tech designs, some of the most advanced cars in the world. events will take part to mark the anniversary, culminating in an exclusive party in maranello where the cars have been built since the second world war. so, happy birthday, ferrari. arguably italy's greatest ever export. ferrari still going strong 70 years on. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter, i'm @tomdonkinbbc. but for now, goodbye. hello, there.
the weather is set to remain in a pretty unsettled theme through this weekend, all thanks to low pressure nearby. this is the picture as we start the weekend. an area of low pressure across the north sea. fairly tightly packed isobars across western parts of the uk, meaning quite windy here, even throughout the night and first thing saturday morning. most showers will affect western coastal areas. further east, lengthier dry interludes. 0n the cool side, 10—11 in towns. a little bit lower than that in rural areas. we start saturday on a fine note for some, with sunshine. plenty of showers in northern and western scotland and towards northern ireland. those showers affecting the north—west of england, northern and western wales and the south—west of england. i think the midlands eastwards tending to start dry, with sunshine. temperatures around 12—13 degrees at 9am. but it won't be long before showers across western areas begin to migrate eastwards through the day.
across central, southern and eastern areas, some could be heavy, with hail and thunder mixed in. slow moving as well here. further west, the showers are blown through quickly on a strong breeze. if anything conditions settle down in scotland, especially through the central belt. temperature wise, 16—19. nothing that special, but not bad in the sunshine. through saturday night the high pressure builds in. it turns drier, with lengthy clear spells, but it will be chilly. another system makes inroads across scotland, northern ireland initially, with strengthening winds. central, southern and eastern areas starting chilly, a little bit of mist and fog around, especially eastern england. that will clear away. then an increasing breeze, outbreaks of wind, begins to push eastwards. it doesn't really reached the far south—east until after dark. so a day where conditions go downhill. 14—19 — temperatures nothing that great. this weekend it really will feel quite cool for the time of year.
windy too and there will be some rain or showers, some of them heavy. beyond the weekend, it stays unsettled. this is the area of low pressure which will move through. it will still be with us on monday. very tightly packed isobars means it will be gale force winds, even severe gales across the south—west. plenty of showers rattling through. there will be sunshine in between, though it will still remain on the cool side. this is bbc news. the headlines: hurricane irma is continuing to cause devastation across the caribbean, with some islands bracing themselves for another powerful storm, hurricane jose. irma is now heading towards florida where the state's governor has warned that all 20 million inhabitants should be prepared to evacuate. at least 58 people have died after a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck off the pacific coast of mexico. the tremor was felt hundreds of miles away in mexico city.
president pena nieto said a little under half of the country's population had felt the quake. the united nations is warning of an unprecedented refugee crisis in myanmar. it now says more than a 250,000 rohingya muslims have fled the country over the last fortnight. a un spokesperson says he fears as many as 1,000 rohingya may have been killed by burmese forces. now on bbc news, it's time to look back at the week in parliament.