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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  September 11, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten: we have a special report from myanmar, where the united nations says there's evidence of ethnic cleansing. thousands of rohingya muslims have fled to neighbouring bangladesh — they say they'd been attacked by government troops. we meet some of those needing urgent help, including children who've been victims of land mines. there are many children and young people among the injured. i'm really worried, i haven't got all of my children together and i've lost my husband. i've lost my house. where do i go? there's only unhappiness for us. we'll have more from reeta and we'll be reporting on the strongly—worded attack by the united nations. also tonight... after hurricane irma, the rescue and cleaning up can start in florida, where millions are still without power. and we report from the british
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overseas territories affected, where troops have just arrived to help. in the house of commons tonight, mps prepare to vote on the first major brexit legislation. offshore wind power — why some experts say there's never been a better time to invest. and crystal palace break a premier league record by sacking their manager afterjust four games. and coming up in sportsday bbc news, find out if west ham could get a much—needed win against huddersfield tonight with their manager, slaven bilic, under huge pressure to keep hisjob. good evening. what's happening to the rohingya
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muslims in myanmar seems to be "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing", according to the top human rights official for the united nations. but the government of myanmar — the mainly buddhist country formerly known as burma — says it's been provoked into using military force. the violence began over a fortnight ago after rohingya militants were accused of attacking police stations in rakhine state. after the military response, more than 300,000 rohingya fled to neighbouring bangladesh where many are in a desperate condition. the bbc‘s reeta chakrabarti is in the port city of cox's bazar and we canjoin her now. the landscape here has been transformed in the last two weeks with a massive influx of refugees, among them many services struggling to cope are the hospitals. they are
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trying to provide the usual services the refugees need, but doctors are saying they have seen many rohingya refugees coming to them with gunshot wounds, and as we discovered today, landmine injuries sustained as people were trying to flee the violence at home. what is happening in myanmar? looking across from bangladesh, huge clouds of smoke fill the sky. military boats patrol the river border. the army is accused of setting fire to muslim rohingya villages and of planting landmines in the paths of fleeing people. it denies that it is targeting civilians. we have found evidence to suggest otherwise. this small hospital in cox's bazar has been coping with large numbers of rohingya casualties. in the last week, it's had an influx of critically injured people blown
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up by landmines as they escaped. this person is one of them. he's 15 years old and unlikely to make it to 16. he arrived at the hospital a week ago with his legs destroyed. he suffered a terrible loss of blood but doctors have no more to give him. his brother in another hospital suffered the same fate. translation: i can't go back to myanmar, we are not safe. i will beg here in bangladesh and that will be better. i used to pray to allah to give me a son but now my sons are gone. their injuries are so bad, it's as if they are dead. it's better that allah takes them. they're suffering so much. this woman will pull through, although she too has lost both her legs.
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she fled myanmar because she said the military had been targeting her community. she was crossing the border with her three sons when she trod on a landmine. translation: they had already gone ahead and i was behind them, and that's when the explosion happened. we had been fired on, shot at, and they planted mines. we have escaped to bangladesh because we have nowhere else to go. this five—year—old plays with her little brother. she was shot whilst being carried by her father as the family escaped. the same bullet that hit her killed him. she still cries out for him. she has five other siblings, but in the confusion they were separated. her desperate mother now can't find them. translation: i'm in a terrible situation right now.
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i'm really worried. i haven't got all my children together and i've lost my husband. i've lost my house. where do i go? there's only unhappiness for us. down the road at the larger central hospital, there are more casualties, crammed into a ward. people on the floor, people in corridors, every space taken. half of these patients are rohingya muslims. this hospital has been inundated since the crisis started just over two weeks ago, and it is struggling to cope. we need medicines, we need surgical equipment, we need manpower, we need everything. and do you not have these? no, no, our government supply is limited. the innocent can't comprehend
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what's happening to them, but the rohingya people are suffering miserably in this conflict, whatever the myanmar government says. and reeta will be reporting from one of the refugee camps in bangladesh tomorrow. in florida and in parts of the caribbean, government and aid agencies are preparing for one of the biggest relief operations the region has ever seen. hurricane irma has now been downgraded to a storm but as it travelled across the caribbean to florida, it left at least 30 people dead and caused widespread destruction. in a moment we'll be hearing from the turks and caicos, which was battered by wind, rain and a massive storm surge. and we'll be in the british virgin islands, where the aid operation is finally getting under way.
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but first to florida where up to 6 million homes are still without power and we can join our correspondent aleem maqbool in tampa. after a day of darkness and fury, miami opened its eyes to the aftermath. this city is now littered with the debris of the hurricane. boats were even lifted clean out of the bay and dumped on the shore. people here are emerging from the shelters and barricaded homes to try to start clearing up. so you got out this morning and what did you find? sheer devastation, everywhere you look. the parking lots are flooded, cars, trees falling down. in spite of all the preparation, millions are now without power. the financial district of the city has been badly affected. it was underwater during
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the hurricane, inundated with massive coastal waves as irma past. across the city on the state, transformers were blown up by the rains plunging people into darkness. but of course the impact of this storm has been felt far beyond miami. the big concern has been about the florida keys. because of damage to roads and some of them are —— some of the more remote parts, we still cannot land but this is where hurricane irma hit first in florida and it's where some of the worst damage could be. although people living in the florida keys have become used to hurricanes, when irma was reported as one of the most powerful ever recorded most got to say the land. many are still unable to return to their damaged homes. from some places there has been access to, it appears the hurricane utterly ravaged houses and
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belongings. and that goes to the mainland too, in the city of naples in the west of the state, petrol stations and mobile homes were torn apart. fort lauderdale sought on a doze as irma came through, parts of the beach were whipped into the city. even as the storm was still affecting this area, looters took advantage. with millions told to evacuate, there was little to stop them. and new places are still being affected. in recent hours jacksonville was hit by a massive storm surge flooding the city. they said the impact of irma would be widespread, and it has been. as you can see behind me, not all of the planes at the airfield made it through irma and this was a hurricane that surprised people through to the end. its projected path was supposed to take it off the
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west florida, instead it went up the state which is why so many people have been affected. as it stands millions remain without power and that's why so many are still in shelters. this evening, british troops have arrived to help the relief operation in the turks and caicos islands, a british overseas territory, where there's been some criticism that the british government response has been too slow. our correspondent nick bryant is one of the first journalists to get to the islands after the hurricane and he's just sent this report. the turks and caicos islands are amongst the most of the lake in the entire caribbean. the country's motto is beautiful by nature but those words now sound like a cruel taunt. in the wake of hurricane irma and the aftermath of the 160 mile—per—hour wins that wrecked so much of this country. that is the
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bathroom and that's another bedroom... homes and possessions that took a lifetime to accumulate, scattered to the winds in the matter of seconds. daphne had lived here the 27 years, it was the home to five adults and four children. people say seeing is believing and i see it but i cannot believe it. now herfamily is see it but i cannot believe it. now her family is homeless and she doesn't know what the next few months will bring. i have no idea but i still trust in god, believe in him that whatever will happen he will take us through. this is a british overseas territory. they sing the anthem god save the queen and people have british passports so there has been anger about the absence of the uk led aid effort. people feel not so much like british citizens but castaways. jackie grew up citizens but castaways. jackie grew up being told by her mother that the british would be there to help, that the royal navy was just over the
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horizon. she feels badly let down. my horizon. she feels badly let down. my message is step up to the plate, come now and help us. we don't want no more speeches, we don't want no more lip service, or pack your bags and leave because if you are not helping you are hurting the turks and caicos islands. up until now, local people have had to be self—sufficient. inhabitants in what for now is a grim place, trying to restore its beauty, trying to rebuild their lives. the aid operation has also begun in the british virgin islands. the area has been devastated by hurricane irma and a state of emergency has been declared. our correspondent laura bicker is on the largest of the islands, tortola, and sent this report. there is now a sense of desperation and fear in tortola. people are hungry, tired and in need of basic supplies. this was the line of traffic trying
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to get into the main town on the island. most are heading to the supermarket for the first time since the hurricane, now that more roads have been cleared. have you got enough food, water? no, because everybody is fighting, and stealing. a lot is going on right now. people are breaking into people's homes, going with what they have. it's a state of emergency. outside the store, some have been waiting for the doors to open for eight hours. as only a few people are allowed in, chaos ensues. they are worried that supplies are limited. we need water, we need food. we need electricity. do you think you've had enough help? i don't think so. we need outside help right now. get in line for me!
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police and security guards appealfor calm. but after six days of devastation and enduring the worst storm in living memory, these angry scenes proved too much for some to deal with. we're under control, but we didn't expect this mess today. we've onlyjust got out of our house today. as we were filming, a local government minister approached. we have lots of food arriving tonight, for my supermarket and for this supermarket, and lots of food arriving every day this week. there are also serious concerns about the safety of residents living amongst the rubble. local police have been working alongside the british military day and night to try to round up a number of criminals who escaped from a prison damaged by the hurricane. it added to a sense of panic, especially as people cannot communicate from one side of the island to the other. rationed water supplies are now being handed out with the help
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of more british troops. they have been a reassuring presence, a welcome sight. we have seen real spirit and strength on this island in the last few days. but residents are realising that it could take years to rebuild and that they'll have to summon a great deal of determination to help raise tortola from this rubble. as you are saying in that report, there has been of controversy about there has been of controversy about the nature of the response. what is your take on the kind of plan that is shaping up? well, the enormity of the task ahead is really beginning to overwhelm many people here. first of all, they need the basics, water and food is beginning to get through. we are hearing that tarpaulin is being handed out to help with shelter. but many people are telling me that one of the things they are beginning to look is
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longer term. where are they going to sleep? what are you going to do with the thousands of emergency shelters? when it comes to work and earning money, most of the people here relied heavily on the tourist trade. it could be some time before tourists want to come back to the likes of tortola. they are looking for leadership. for that, they are looking to the local and the uk government. i know there is a press conference about to get under way, where they are going to unveil a plan. but that is desperately needed and something that many people here wa nt to and something that many people here want to hear. laura, again, thanks for bringing us up to date. the house of commons is debating the first major parliamentary bill of the brexit process. it's designed to incorporate eu law into british law. mps will vote on the measure later tonight. opposition parties have warned that the eu withdrawal bill is unacceptable because it hands too much power to ministers, and undermines the sovereignty of parliament. our political editor laura kuenssberg is in the palace of westminster with the latest. well, they are still at it. this is
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the first big parliamentary occasion of this term. in the last hour or so, it has got a bit tetchy. the government has been accused of trying to mount a silent coups d'etat, of behaving like an elected dictatorship. ministers are notjust trying to move thousands of laws that began life in brussels on to a new british statute book for life outside the eu, what they also want to do is give themselves extra powers to change those laws at some future date without having to consult mps. it is that effort that has really driven their opponents of the wall. it has given some conservatives some serious nerves. the bill's backers have been absolutely adamant that it must pass. to vote against this bill tonight is a cynical ploy, and one that our constituents that sent us here will not accept. in recent days, i have heard a number of people, including the foreign secretary,
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claim that a vote against this bill would be a vote to obstruct the will of the people. that is nonsense. the majority of those that voted, 52%, voted to leave the european union. and on that basis, we must bring in the process and see it through of leaving the european union. even if he and i don't agree with it. i am not prepared to cede major decisions on our country's future to the prime minister, her three musketeers and whoever comes after them. now, mps are expected to vote on this bill at around midnight. there are still some steam in the engine in the last couple of hours of the debate. it is expected to pass tonight. but that is not because the government has somehow moved dramatically to use peoples fears and concerns about this bill, it is not because they have parliament
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completely on their side, it is because there are some labour mps that are prepared to defy their leader and not vote on this bill because they are worried about appearing to be trying to block brexit. the tory rebels, who also have real worries and concerns about this bill, are keeping their powder dry for later in this session, when it comes back for line by line detailed, detailed scrutiny. the government is expected to pass this tonight, maybe by a more comfortable margin than we expected in the last couple of days. but they know, and every mp in the house of commons knows, that this isjust every mp in the house of commons knows, that this is just the every mp in the house of commons knows, that this isjust the start. thank you very much. laura kuenssberg, with the latest on the debate at westminster. for the first time, energy from offshore wind power in the uk is now cheaper than electricity from new nuclear power stations, because it requires less government subsidy. environmental groups say it shows ministers should prioritise investing in the growing offshore industry. but nuclear firms say the uk still needs a mix of low carbon energy, especially when wind power is not available — as our science editor david shukman explains.
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around the clock, in a massive programme of construction, wind turbines are being built in the seas around britain. a monumental engineering challenge which, for years, meant this was one of the most expensive ways of generating power. the construction teams had to learn the new skills of a young industry. part of the problem is scale. a few years ago, i stood beside one of the blades, and it takes a shot like this to try to conveyjust how massive these machines have become. but the bigger they are, the more efficient they can be, and as the technology has improved, the cost of the latest projects have fallen dramatically. today's news we always knew would be impressive, but the results we've seen come back from the auction are nothing short of astounding, and that's even for those of us that work in the energy sector. a key factor is that new techniques have accelerated the production lines. this one is in hull. they are becoming more streamlined,
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and therefore much cheaper. only two years ago, offshore wind projects were getting subsidies of up to £120 per megawatt hour — that's the usual measure of electricity generation. but the latest subsidies are far lower, at £57.50. and compare that to the new hinkley point c nuclear power station, with subsidies of £92.50 per megawatt hour. that huge project was recently criticised as poor value for money, but supporters of nuclear power, including the government, say it's consistent, while wind is intermittent. you need to make sure you've got electricity being generated even when the wind isn't blowing, but we've always said, just as the price of wind has come down so sharply because of our commitment to it, we want and expect to see the price of new nuclear to fall. i once climbed up inside a wind turbine out at sea. it was a very long way. after years of uncertainty
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about whether these vast machines could deliver, their future around our island nation now looks a lot more certain. david shukman, bbc news. a brief look at some of the day's other other news stories. two british soldiers and a third man will appear before westminster magistrates in the morning charged under terror laws with being members of a banned neo—nazi group. lorry driver david wagstaff, seen here on the left, has appeared in court charged with eight counts of causing death by dangerous driving. it follows a crash on the mi motorway last month. he also faces four counts of causing serious injury. all of those killed were travelling in a minibus. he'll re—appear in court next month. the leader of birmingham city council has resigned after weeks of industrial action over bins. in a statement posted on twitter, john clancy said that "frenzied media speculation" about the dispute was harming the council. badger culling has been given approval in ii
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new areas of england, to tackle tuberculosis in cattle. badgers are carriers of tb and culling will now take place across devon, dorset, somerset, wiltshire and cheshire. a badger vaccination programme is also being restarted. learndirect, the uk's largest provider of apprenticeships and adult training, should be the subject of a formal investigation, according to the chair of the public accounts committee. over the past six years, leardirect has received more than £600 million in government funding. tonight, the government says it will claw back money for any training that wasn't delivered as promised. our education editor branwen jeffreys has the story. learndirect‘s apprenticeships are paid for by public money, part of a big government contract, training
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for retail and health care, basic skills to get people back into work. mike did an adult education course. inspectors said too few gotjobs as a result, and he feels his experience was disappointing. my experience was disappointing. my experience with learndirect was rather rude staff, a bad atmosphere, and doing things to earn their money rather than caring about the people they were trying to help. learndirect‘s contract is not being ended early. officials say it is being intensively monitored. that has led to calls tonight for an investigation. it raises the wider issue about whether it is too big to fail in the government's eyes. if thatis fail in the government's eyes. if that is the issue, there is a big question about how we contract and how these growing up to replace public services, where you have so few suppliers coming in command of of them —— coming in and if one of them failed it is too difficult to
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deal with. the head of ofsted told me there was a clear lesson for the future. no one provider should be too big to be challenged. in any system, there is always going to be some problems which arise, there will be difficulties. making sure the system can cope with a failure of any individual provider is an essential aspect of a functioning market. after a really scathing report like this, why isn't learndirect facing the kind of sanctions you might expect? officials told me it was to protect learners and to maintain other key public services run by learndirect. does that mean that the company is now one of the small number of private firms with so many big government contracts that it is almost untouchable? it is certainly not untouchable. what is important is that we make sure we have the
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learners' is that we make sure we have the lea rners‘ interests is that we make sure we have the learners' interests at heart. we will claw back from learndirect any pa rt will claw back from learndirect any part of their contract they have failed to fulfil. so, a promise to chase the money. learndirect says its performance is stronger than when it was inspected and it is committed to the highest standards. today marks the 20th anniversary of the devolution referendum in scotland, which led to the creation of the scottish parliament and changed the political landscape of the entire united kingdom. our scotland editor sarah smith looks back at the course of the past two decades and where the devolution process has led. when scotland was voting 20 years ago on whether or not we wanted a scottish parliament, the plan was to base it here, the royal high school in edinburgh. a very great deal has changed since then. in 1997, labour and the snp were unusually on the same side of the constitutional debate,
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but for very different reasons. labour believed devolution would quell demands for independence. less than two decades on, scotland came close to voting to leave the uk. so, did tony blair make a mistake about what the consequences of devolution would be? i believed then, believe now, that if we hadn't done devolution you may have ended up with separation. people with no way through the choice between separation and status quo, there is obviously an enhanced risk that those people that believe the status quo is unacceptable, they don't get an alternative that is reasonable, therefore they think the only alternative is separation. alex salmond believed he could use a devolved scottish parliament as a stepping stone to an independent state. he signed up to devolution, as long as it did not prevent an independence referendum. you are more likely to come to independence through a parliament gradually accruing powers and then becoming authoritative enough to take a decision on independence, allow the people to take a decision on independence,
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than you would with a big bang from no parliament to independence the next day. the scottish parliament is now housed in a totally new building. bigger, and more powerful than ever envisaged in 97. its existence is the reason some voters rejected outright independence three years ago. but years of self governance convinced others scotland could go it alone. having a parliament up and running was a real game changer, i think. it was a game changer psychologically and it was a game changer politically. because people had a government on the doorstep, a parliament on their doorstep. so i think they saw for themselves that government in scotland, for the people, of the people, was workable and doable. and i think that remains the case today. the arguments over how scotland should be governed are farfrom over. just a few months ago, the scottish parliament voted in favour of a second referendum on scottish independence. those plans have been shelved for now, but brexit may bring more change. today, first minister nicola sturgeon announced she wants more
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powers over social security, immigration and trade. devolution, it seems, is an evolutionary process, one that isn't over yet. sarah smith, bbc news, edinburgh. football, and afterjust four league matches crystal palace have sacked their manager frank de boer. no premier league manager has been in charge of a club for fewer games. he's expected to be replaced by the former england coach roy hodgson, as our correspondent richard conway explains. defeat to burnley consigned crystal palace to the worst start of any top division team since 192a. frank de boer was only appointed injune, but knew he was a man under pressure. the only thing that i can control, you know, is to work very hard with the boys.


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