i'm rico hizon in singapore, the headlines — a humanitarian catastrophe: the un secretary general voices his criticism of myanmar‘s treatment of its rohingya minority: a call on the authorities to suspend action and violence, to uphold the rule of law. but as we've been finding out — in myanmar, the crisis is seen but as we've been finding out — in myanmar, the crisis rather differently. the perception here is that it is bernie ‘s board is under siege from militant islam. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme. south korea sets up teams of new special forces as cross—border tensions rise — we'll ask a former colonel what message seoul is sending to pyongyang. and we'll hear from the australian researcher whose work on warning doctors when a foetus could be in danger might help
save thousands of babies. live from studio in singapore and london. this is bbc world news. good morning. it's 7am in singapore, midnight in london and 5am on the bangladeshi border, where nearly 400,000 rohingya muslims are now gathered in terrible conditions, driven from their homes in myanmar by the military. we have been reporting on their desperate situation for several weeks now as the numbers have gone up and up. mainly on foot, and taking as much as they can carry, the rohingya community talk of their homes being burnt, of landmines, of rapes, and shootings. the un has called on the authorities in myanmar, a mainly buddhist country, to suspend their military action against the rohingya people.
the un secretary general, antonio guterres says the situation is having a devastating effect on the whole region. grievances that have been left to fester for decades have now escalated beyond the borders of myanmar, destabilising the region. the humanitarian situation is catastrophic. last week there were 125,000 refugees who had fled to bangladesh. that number has now tripled to nearly 380,000. many are staying in makeshift settlements or in communities who are sharing what they have. but women and children are arriving hungry and malnourished. i call on the myanmar authorities to suspend military action, and the violence. uphold the rule of law and
recognise the right of return of all those who had to leave the country. but not everyone sees the rohingya as victims. our special correspondent fergal keane, has been to myanmar‘s second—biggest city, mandalay, to assess the mood of the buddhist majority and found they have a very different take on the situation. the sense of a buddhist country is powerfully felt in mandalay, so too are the echoes of current events. this collection was ostensibly for all refugees in rakhine state, but we heard the line repeated all over myanmar — muslims were being burned out by muslim terrorists. translation: they are not only destroying buddhist homes, but also muslim houses. i don't want all the terrorist groups. this is a war about
the occupation of the territory. they are killing all the people they see and destroying all the houses they see. it was meant to be very different. a year ago, the pro—democracy, pro—human rights party of aung san suu kyi became the government. but the country's de facto leader has refused to either condemn the security crackdown or call for military restraint. in mandalay her party's spokesman sees rakhine buddhists as the victims. what do you believe is happening in rakhine state? "i just want to say what my own view is," he told me. "i only see that rakhine ethnic people have been attacked." there's very little sympathy here for the persecuted minority in rakhine state and if aung san suu kyi was to say or do anything that was considered as showing solidarity with them, she would be politically exposed. that's something the military understands well, as it continues with its brutal crackdown.
the perception here among many is that it's burmese buddhism that is under siege from militant islam. these men belong to an organisation that's done much to stoke fear. the monks of ma ba tha, a hardline nationalist movement with much popular support. its leader, ashin wirathu, went to jailfor inciting hatred against muslims, but wasn't keen to speak to us when he appeared for breakfast at his monastery. bbc, can i ask you about the ethnic cleansing in rakhine state, please? but later i was granted an interview with eight of the movement's senior monks. the organisation was banned six months ago by aung san suu kyi's government. they refused to recognise the existence of the rohingya, referring to them as bengalis. so i wondered how this monk felt about her response to the rakhine crisis?
that is not an endorsement she will cherish. there are efforts being made here by some moderate buddhist clergy working with muslims to ease communal tensions, after attacks on muslims three years ago. the memory of that violence and the rohingya crisis has created pervasive unease. these muslim women working with buddhist peacemakers,
are worried. translation: i trust the current government not to let the violence happen here. 0n the other hand, i do not trust the army. there is an immediate crisis in rakhine, but wider questions too, about the power of the military and the hardline clergy, about what kind of country this might become. fergal keane, bbc news, mandalay. also this hour — taiwan is bracing for more typhoon talim bringing winds that could reach up to 170 kilometres per hour. the typhoon is expected to gain power as it sweeps towards taiwan's northern cities. it could then strengthen into a super typhoon as it moves towards china's mainland, and then north—east towards japan on friday. eight residents of a florida nursing home have died after hurricane irma knocked out its power and air conditioning when it hit
the state on sunday. the senator said that the death following the storm that knocked out power and following the storm that knocked out powerand air following the storm that knocked out power and air conditioning could have been prevented. 115 other residents of the home were evacuated, a number of them in critical condition. police are conducting a criminal investigation into the deaths. at this time we have other patients in critical care. right now the building has been sealed off and we are conducting a criminal investigation inside. then we believe that this may be related to the loss of power in the storm but we are conducting a criminal investigation are not ruling out anything at this time. the white house is used to hosting high profile dinners but washington is buzzing about two people joining president trump tonight. the unlikely guests are none other than democratic leaders nancy pelosi and chuck schumer. president trump says he's prepared to work with them on tax reform, and will discuss the legislative agenda with them. the international olympic committee has chosen the french capital, paris, to host the 2024 games,
and awarded the 2028 ones to the us city of los angeles. last month it was decided that the two summer olympics will be awarded at the same time, after a number of cities cancelled their bids over concerns about the size, cost, and complexity of organising one of the world's biggest sporting events. alibaba founder and chief executive jack ma turned the company's 18th birthday celebration into a thriller with a michaeljackson—inspired dance routine. he performed in front of 40,000 employees. after channelling his inner king of pop on stage, ma pulled off the mask and revealed he was behind the dance moves. tensions between north korea and the south have reached boiling point with south korea conducting its first live—fire exercise of its new long—range taurus missile in response
to pyongyang's latest nuclear test. well south korea is also planning to target north korea's leadership with a special forces brigade. the media has already dubbed it as a "decapitation unit". 0bviously its mission won't be to literally decapitate the north's leaders so what is it hoping to achieve, and how? earlier i spoke to former south korean army colonel professor hwee rhak park in seoul — and asked him just how special this forces brigade is. as you know, the establishment of the brigade has three purposes. the first is to restrain the behaviour of king john and by saying that he could be targeted any time. the second one would be to get rid of king from one himself if we think it
is of necessarily —— necessary to avoid nuclear war. the third would be to deter any decision about making nuclear war by saying that if kimjong making nuclear war by saying that if kim jong and makes any decision, south korea will kill him no matter what. it is an important method for deterring nuclear war on the korean peninsula and we need to make certain that south korea is determined to do anything to prevent nuclear war. this rhetoric is quite unusual to publicly announce that south korea plans to assassinate a head of state. would be wiser to not announce it? you may be right. however, the important thing is to not kill kim jong—un to change his decision and behaviour. we believe if we threatened to kill him he could not make a bad decision
without risking his life. the important thing is that we need to deliver the message to kim jong—un that he can make a decision that he should be ready to take the consequences. you are should be ready to take the consequences. you are a former south korean army colonel. do you know anything else about this elite squad? when will it be established and how large is it? our minister of national defence told a national assembly that he would create this unit by the first of december this year. 2.5 months from now. however, the decision was made last year in 2016 by the former administration because we believe that it would be necessary to deter a war. 0ur minister of national defence said that it would be of the level of one or 2000 personnel. however, the
specific concept and operation will develop gradually. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme — grand slam motherhood. also on the programme — the politician with paws. we take to the campaign trail in canada with the dog who wants to be mayor. freedom itself was attacked this morning, and freedom will be defended. the united states will hunt down and punish those responsible. bishop tutu now becomes spiritual leader of 100,000 anglicans here — of the blacks in soweto township, as well as the whites, in their rich suburbs. we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears — enough! translation: the difficult decision we reached together was one that required great and exceptional courage. it's an exodus of up to 60,000
top stories: the un secretary general has warned of a humanitarian catastrophe, as more rohingya muslims flee the violence in myanmar. it's emerged that eight residents of a nursing home in miami died when power supplies were cut by storm system irma. us tennis star, serena williams, has posted the first photo of her daughter, alexis 0lympia 0hanian junior, on social media, almost two weeks after her birth. the 23—time grand slam winner and her fiance welcomed their little girl on the first of september at a clinic in florida. that story is popular on bbc.com. that's now take a look at some of the front pages from around the world. the straits times' front page is dominated by the swearing—in of singapore's eighth president on thursday. madam halimah yacob will make history by becoming the country's first woman president and only the second malay to hold the office. the south china morning post has a focus on the environment and a nationwide policy on the mainland to turn agricultural waste into biofuel
for cars instead of burning it, and thereby reducing smog. but some experts have doubts about how environmentally—friendly it may be. the japan times reports on the unveiling of iphone x, apple's most expensive phone ever — priced at us$1000 — in cupertino, california. an interesting aspect of the model is apple's "animoji" feature — take a look at that! it lets people give emoji their voice and expressions. it's one of the most devastating outcomes in any pregnancy: a baby growing inside its mother that suddenly dies. now an australian researcher has had a major breakthrough in understanding more about stillbirth, and is developing a test which could alert obstetricians when a baby is in grave danger. i asked professor roger smith what he's found. the key idea is that stillbirths, or
the death of the baby during pregnancy, is often due to ageing of the placenta, the organ on which the baby depends to get its oxygen and other nutrients during the pregnancy. noting that the likelihood of the baby dying increased as pregnancy advanced, going up especially after 39, 40, 41 weeks. and the mathematical definition of the ageing is actually that the likelihood of death increases with time. so these two things matched, and made us think that we should look at the placenta for signs of ageing. when we did that, we certainly found dramatic evidence of ageing in the last weeks of pregnancy. is there a possibility, now, that yourfindings
will be able to prevent stillbirths from happening? certainly. the placenta releases material into the mother's blood. we hope to be to pick up signs of the ageing of the placenta tissue in the mother's blood, which will allow the obstetricians to intervene to deliver the baby by caesarean section, for instance, before it dies. and how is that carried out? i'm sorry, but in layman's terms, are we talking about carrying out tests in the early stages of pregnancy? not the early stages, but the later stages would be the key dies. the other important aspect of this work, even now, is to reassure the mums who have experienced a stillbirths that it was not their fault, it is due to ageing of the placenta, something that they would not have had any possibility of
controlling. and why those that occur, the ageing of the placenta? why does ageing echo at all? we all get older. and the key thing for all organisms is that you reproduce and pass on your genes. “— organisms is that you reproduce and pass on your genes. —— occur at all. ageing is something that you do largely after you have reproduced. for the placenta, it its role is to ensure the survival of the baby. late in pregnancy, say, 40 or 41 weeks, most babies are already delivered. so from mother nature's view, losing a few at the end of pregnancy is not a problem, compared to trying to keep a placenta going longer than it is needed. and that was professor roger smith with babita sharma. let's to comic turn to our major story and the
rohingya crisis. aung san suu kyi has cancelled her attendance at the un general assembly, as she is facing criticism that she is not doing enough to stop the violence against her country's was a minority people. we are joined by phil robinson from human rights watch. he joins us from bangkok. great to have you back on the programme. avoiding united nations? avoiding criticism? idid not united nations? avoiding criticism? i did not think we would see that this year. we talked about this two or three months ago. we were expecting her to go for another rock star welcome, but i think this time around, she realises that there will not be as warm welcome, and she did not be as warm welcome, and she did not want to experience that. she is basically avoiding jeers instead of cheers at the moment. what is the
sentiment at home in myanmar? the buddhist community in mandalay has basically no sympathy for the rohingya community. that is not new. u nfortu nately, rohingya community. that is not new. unfortunately, the political causes very unpopular in burma. —— political cause is. a great proportion have expressed negative feelings towards the rohingya. there is no reservoir of sympathy for them in the country, and that is a problem. one of the things that is driving the burmese military to finish thejob, as driving the burmese military to finish the job, as the head driving the burmese military to finish thejob, as the head of driving the burmese military to finish the job, as the head of the army said, is that it is popular. i think uncensored she is worried about that as well. if she says something, it could hurt. —— aung
san suu kyi is worried. she is supposed to be up to face the tough questions and answer them. silence is not an option for her. she needs to speak out about this. and how she speaks will be scrutinised by the international community. at this point, what is important to her is her popularity at home, rather than the jeers from the international community. but there is heavy pressure from the international community, phil, including a un official calling at ethnic cleansing. so what is the next step from the international response? well, our view is that we need to focus more attention on the burmese military, as these are the people who are carrying this out. frankly, this is a tactic the burmese military has used many times in the past against many ethnic groups. it has been an effective strategy, and
very brutal, especially targeting civilians as an attempt to get to insurgents. we want to call for a global arms embargo against burma, to make sure that they realise they will lose support if they continue with this ethnic cleansing policy. we have delivered there. thank you for your insights, phil robinson from human rights watch in bangkok. now, there are elections going on in a city in canada, and there's one candidate who'll be tough to beat. especially since his social media videos are showing everyone, what a good boy he is. take a look. tell me about your campaign. woof! do you think you will get a lot of the dog vote in stjohn's? do you think you will get a lot of the dog vote in st john's? woof! how did this all come about? he has been
thinking about it for a long time. finn thinking about it for a long time. firm is thinking about it for a long time. finn is an actor and it has taken a break from his career to city can give us some help. what are some of the traits that finn can bring to the traits that finn can bring to the role? as an australian cattle dog, he is a tireless worker. he will work day and night to get things done. what is he been up to on the campaign shall? he has been helping as many people as you can. he has been tried to get his message across. he is an avid walker, and clearing snow matters a lot to him. but speaking to as many people as he can. how is the response been so far? the response has been phenomenal. —— how has. we put it together quickly, the campaign, and the response has been fantastic. we
cannot thank everyone enough. finn's name won't actually appear on the ballot — but he is certainly getting a lot of attention. rico hizon, will you vote in? woof! woof! woof! finn rico hizon, will you vote in? woof! wo0f! wo0f! finn gets my vote! you have been watching newsday. stay with us. we will be looking at why mcdonalds is shutting down more than a hundred outlets in india. that's coming up in asia business report shortly. and before we go, let's take a look at these pictures. an adoring fan doing what, i guess, many can only dream of — squeezing
the face of us actor, george clooney, at the toronto international film festival in canada. hi there. the weather will stay u nsettled hi there. the weather will stay unsettled and showery for the next few days. certainly cool for the weekend, as well. the area of low pressure with the first named storm of the season working across to europe. gusts in the east and north of pollen will reach 70 kilometres per hour early in the morning. a blustery started the day for us, with showers around, and if you are heading out early, temperatures will be about 9—10dc. across the far south of england, towards the south coast, sunshine for a time. there is a strip of cloud coming down across the midlands, east anglia, and across wales, too, that will have heavy showers in it, and that will push southwards as the morning goes by. sunshine in the south will not last long. to the north, the scotla nd last long. to the north, the scotland and northern ireland, there will be some sunshine to start the
day. still with that blustery wind make it shall all around the coast. factoring in the wind, it will feel a little chilly. going through the rest of the day, that band of cloud and showers pushes south across england before clearing. then the sunshine comes out across england and wales, triggering one or two heavy showers. some showers will turn thundery. when the showers come a long, there will drop the temperatures for a time. quake all day, in any case, across the north—west, with temperatures of 30 degrees also in glasgow. showers in the north of scotland could merge to form a lengthy spell of rain. through the night, the band of showers will push south and across northern england and across wales, as well. still tied in with this week when a front that is pushing its way southwards. going through friday, there will push the showers southwards across the midlands, east anglia, and in southern counties of england. along that line, cloud, and some heavier showers. sunshine comes out across the north. another cold
day in northern part of this time of year. just 12 celsius. factoring in the wind, it will feel that their call—up. that low is sending northerly winds across the uk. it continues to feed in showers. the majority of the showers will be across central and eastern parts of england. elsewhere, particularly through the weekend, the weather could become drier and brighter across the north—west of the uk. the winds continue to ease. cool weather, and perhaps some overnight frost in sheltered parts of scotland this weekend. and that is your weather. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story.
the un secretary general has called on myanmar to end the military violence which has forced hundreds of thousands of rohingya muslims to flee. antonio guterres said the situation in the refugee camps in bangladesh was a humanitarian catastrophe with women and children arriving hungry and malnourished. police in florida are investigating the deaths of eight residents at a care home in florida, which lost power when it was hit by hurricane irma. 115 other residents were evacuated, a number in critical condition. china's richest man, jack ma has gone viral. this clip shows the boss of the internet giant alibaba, impressing his staff at the company's annual party. he performed a series of michaeljackson dance moves — only revealing his identity at the end of his show. that's all from me now. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news it's time for hardtalk. one of the greatest names in british theatre died this week. sir peter hall founded