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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  September 18, 2017 7:00pm-8:01pm BST

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you're watching beyond 100 days. donald trump is no fan of the united nations. he says bureaucracy and mismanagement are holding it back — and it's time for reform. for a man who wants to put america first, paying $8 billion a year to the united nations is a questionable investment. we must ensure that no—one and no member state shoulders a disproportionate share of the burden. president trump spoke to the chinese leader today about north korea — as the white house once again threatened military action against pyongyang. meanwhile boris johnson meets donald trump for the first time — and he tells the bbc he isn't trying to undermine the prime minister on brexit. as the back—seat driving, honestly, there is one driver in this car, it is theresa may. also on the programme, her foreign secretary might be
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in new york, but theresa may has been talking trade in canada. we'll look at what the british prime minister might be out to achieve. and donald trump finally got some recognition at the emmys — but only as the character saturday night live‘s alec baldwin loves to make fun of: i should say at long last mr president, here is your emmy. hello and welcome — i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. this is not a fun week for donald trump — the un represents a lot of things he doesn't like. it's global, bureaucratic and he thinks it costs america too much money. the distrust is mutual. many un members don't like the idea of ‘america first‘ — they want mr trump to get back to serious diplomacy — issues like climate change, the nuclear deal with iran, and discussion, not tweeting, over north korea. the president arrived early in new york. today he's met the french president and the israeli prime minister and he's pitched his effort to reform the massive organisation. yet in recent years
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the united nations has not reached its full potential because of bureaucracy and mismanagement. while the united nations on a regular budget has increased by 140% and its staff has more doubled since 2000 we are not seeing the results in line with this investment. but i know that under the secretary—general that's changing. and it's changing fast. the bbc‘s laura trevelyan has spent the day at the un headquarters in new york, and joins us from there now. we will talk about a run in a second, but on this issue of reform, theissue second, but on this issue of reform, the issue of north korea, it doesn't move his agenda forward. a likely is it that he can get the reform he wants? certainly, the un secretary
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general who was named checked there by donald trump, he is doing his best, also moved forward with this reform agenda. it was a previous secretary general who joked when asked how many people worked at the un, replied about half of them. bureaucracy, lack of accountability, and transparency, has frustrated lots of people. it is notjust an american agenda. there is an ongoing negotiation between the us and the un weather the us keeps its contributions at 22% of the un budget, 28% of the peacekeeping, it looks at the peacekeeping budget is being trimmed. you have to remember that the un has been useful to donald trump in recent weeks. this is where the us has pressed for and got strong action against north korea, with sanctions and resolutions. weather it will be effective in the long—running, that it had to say. but now, it is very difficult for north korea to export
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anything as a result of that behaviour. donald trump coming here, he has a complex relationship going back years, he wanted a contract to renovate the place when he was a real estate contract. the un said i'io. real estate contract. the un said no. when he came here this morning, he said the success of his residential tower across the street, was due to the fact that it was located by the un. it is a bit of a love and hate relationship. more love and hate relationship. more love today. diplomats noted that the town was positive, and donald trump noted that they would be a partner with the un in their reform efforts. north korea, as you suggested, dominating this general assembly. but today the focus is on iran, what are they saying. tomorrow in his speech, he is expected to talk about how iran is not complying with the spirit of the nuclear deal. donald trump has to recertify the deal in
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front of congress by the middle of october, otherwise sanctions could be reimposed on iran. he has expectancies here from emmanuel macron, don't undo this bit of diplomacy. they are in compliance with the deal, all eyes on his speech tomorrow, all eyes on the tiring from donald trump on iran. will this be another international agreement he will walk away from? mr trump may want to focus on cutting budgets, removing inefficiencies and shrinking the un — but his reform efforts are overshadowed this week by the north korean crisis. the recent acceleration of the north korean nuclear programme is leading to questions about america's likely response. how close is washington to using force against pyongyang? we're joined byjohn park, director of the korea working group at harvard's kennedy school. this weekend we had some fairly tough language, both from from america's ambassador to the un, and
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from the national security adviser, do you get a sense that the white house really is inching closer to enacting some military plan against north korea? certainly the preparations are increasing, but i think what we are seeing is a game plan with an emphasis on the primacy in the beginning, and now sanctions and the use of force is the last one. urgency is a big focus this time around. you us will be impressing upon member states of the ten of enforcement and implementation of the sanctions as the last chance of avoiding a military conflict. given the catastrophic implications of military action against north korea, it is hard to believe we're having this discussion at the moment, that speu this discussion at the moment, that spell it out for us, what are the military options? we are looking at two types, one is beating up on ballistic missile capabilities. the
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capabilities the us has in court nation with its allies of south korea and japan. that is on the defensive side. there has been a lot of talk about a surgical strike, use of talk about a surgical strike, use of but has been clearly laid out in public that there are a number of philip says —— facilities. in terms of what is available right now under the heading, use of force, it is rather limited. but those clear preparations and having those options ready is a clear priority right now. when there be a question in the context of the general assembly, whether the rhetoric fits the actions. is the rhetoric ‘s and the actions. is the rhetoric ‘s and the sweet... if you rent supplement doesn't go the full hog on this, they will say, can we take the american president seriously? we are seeing efforts after tweets and efforts by the present, to accord
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and eight with friends and allies in the region. right now, a preview of president trump's speech to the un general assembly tomorrow will focus oi'i general assembly tomorrow will focus on three things as they relate particular to america for its policy. number one is protecting the american homeland. number two is protecting america and posterity, and a third is promoting sovereignty. the visitors will be on the first two. the focus is on trying to stop north korea through ideally, through means that don't incorporate the use of force, but encouraging the member states at the time is now in terms of acting. in particular on the time of enforcing the sanctions. i am not clear on what is very different from the vision that we are in today, to the position that we were in a year ago oi’ position that we were in a year ago or even five years ago. every american president recently has said that there is a military option on the table and will push ahead with sanctions at the un. what is different? the bigger area that has
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been very recent, but a remarkable shift in change, it is injuly alone, north korea conducted its first two intercontinental ballistic missile tests. that was estimated to have a range of attacking and reaching alaska. the second was, an international ballistic missile test that could reach the eric and homeland. and then the subsequent six nuclear test, north korea is being viewed in a very different light. the capability they are now racing towards, a nuclear intercontinental ballistic missile, ina intercontinental ballistic missile, in a country with only 20 million, is now capable of reaching the united states, that is what is different. thank you for your thoughts. an interesting question, that last one. what is different now? some might say what is different in the presidency? although he talks about america first, and stepping back from the global arena, when you look at the last few weeks, he's got rid of
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steve bannon, his inward looking, nationalist adviser. he is ats expanding their role in afghanistan. i think you can cut this both ways, i've spoken to people in the administration recently who were at pains to tell me that donald trump has better relations with these foreign leaders that the media knows about. in private he has charms, and he can get on well with them. they would say that not very much has changed in terms of global leadership. but i can give you plenty of global foreign policy expert in washington, that donald trump pulling out of the paris accord, has sent a signal around the world that american global leadership is stepping back. for the un, the diplomats and foreign leaders at the un, the big question this week is, if america is pulling
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back from global leadership, who fills the vacuum? who does the deals on climate change and trade, if the american presidency isn't what it has been for the last 70 years. donald trump came face to face with britain's foreign secretary boris johnson for the first time today. both men are well used to controversy. boris has been attracting headlines in the uk, after writing an article which took a different approach to a post—brexit transition period to that apparently favoured by his boss, theresa may. mrjohnson has been speaking to our diplomatic correspondent james landale — here's what he's been saying: as the back—seat driving, honestly, there is one driver in this car, to use there is one driver in this car, to use amber rudd's metaphor, which is often used and quite rightly, it is theresa may. what i am trying to do,
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if you look at the bees, what i'm trying to do is sketch out what i think the exciting destination ahead. —— look at the. think the exciting destination ahead. -- look at the. what is the process of transition? but as for the government to decide. as the prime ministers rally said, we don't wa nt prime ministers rally said, we don't want to be paying into the eu after we leave, we don't want to be paying extortionate sums for access to the single market. they would not pay for access to our market. but what we will do, and everybody can see the logic of this, insofar as we are on the hook. in the short—term that we have agreed to, that is fair enough. i have never objected to that. on your point about the
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transition period and the length of the transition period, i think it is important that it shouldn't be too long, and people in business should have a clear sense of where we are going, and what it will be light at the end of it. that is really what i try to sketch out. i'm trying to say that once you take back control of all of these things, there are opportunities in the uk. we are incredible country, and incredible economy, and we should see that.“ you don't get what you want on this transition, ie prepared to resign?|j think transition, ie prepared to resign?” think you might be barking slightly up think you might be barking slightly up the wrong tree. the transition period, ican up the wrong tree. the transition period, i can see the vital importance of having clarity and certainty in this. i think what all of this agree, is that it should be
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too long. while boris was making his thoughts known in new york, the british prime minster was in ottowa meeting the canadian prime ministerjustin trudeau. the two leaders have discussed plans for a post brexit trade deal. in all likelihood that deal will look something like the free trade agreement canada has already struck with the eu which comes into effect on thursday. the deal known as ceta will cut 98% of tarrifs. that's what theresa may wanted to talk about but in a press conference she had to respond to this question about what her foreign secretary had been up to. your foreign secretary has been accused of back—seat driving. can you say that you are truly in command of your cabinet and brexit policy, and will you ignore back—seat driving in the future. policy, and will you ignore back-seat driving in the future. the uk government is driven from the front and we all have the same destination in our sights. that is
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getting a good deal for brexit with the eu. that is a good trade deal, but also a good ongoing relationship in relation to other matters like security. i have spoken in the past of the deep and special partnership that we want to build with the eu. i believe that is not only in the interests of the uk, but also the remaining 27 member states of the eu as well. that is what we are working for. a short time ago i spoke to the question ask about her weaknesses and herfailure question ask about her weaknesses and her failure to set out a plan on brexit. a lot have been made about borisjohnson over the weekend, but how much of this story is about the prime minister, her weakness, and perhaps herfailure prime minister, her weakness, and perhaps her failure to set out a clear brexit plan. i think it is frankly, about all of those things. and in really rather large dollops.
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she is here in ottawa, she's been talking tojustin she is here in ottawa, she's been talking to justin trudeau about trade, in the terms about trade after brexit. in her own way, she might have taken encouragement from that. what happen? we see, again, the prime minister crossing half the world i need to face more nagging questions about her authority, back home. today she is saving that she is driving the vehicle. she said the government is being driven from the front. she said on the plane to what work, and she said it to me at the news conference with justin trudeau. hopefully that will calm things down. you have to have your doubts. this affair will hang over a very important week in canada, she is in new york tomorrow. at the end of the week in florence hughes making a very important speech, it will be the most significant in a way she
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has made on the subject. the wrangle with borisjohnson, setting out his owfi with borisjohnson, setting out his own benchmarks for brexit without squaring it with number ten downing st in advance, looks like disloyalty. it was certainly disruptive and as chords theresa may another headache. in response to your question, she said she set out in the lancaster house speech. we have two approaches to brexit, and she really hasn't picked which she favours. that is broadly true. as you say, that defining speech, all those months ago, at lancaster house, set out the opening visions for brexit, a thriving britain trading openly with the eu, without barriers and tariff barriers, everyone getting on wonderfully well. that isjust the beginning of
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the process, they are in the business of getting towards a deal. the eu do not want to give britain exactly the same advantages that they enjoy now without the same burdens or other costs. they are being wrangled over, notjust in a future, it hasn't really started in brussels, but now inside the cabinet, inside the conservative party and across the country. against the background of all this, theresa may as a prime minister seriously lacking authority after such a is appointing general election result. you suggested a moment ago, that if borisjohnson had made that speech in other circumstances, it would just be a senior minister airing his views. now it looks like a threat to theresa may's position. it was disloyal, destabilising, it was a mark of italy of the weak position of theresa may. beyond the political issues of the challenges to her leadership, i presume there are really consequences, particularly economic consequences, she is trying
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to negotiate a trade deal crucial to the british economy, yet the canadians don't know who they can really deal with and they don't know what the process is going to be because they don't know how long will be before we consigned trade deals. if you listen to justin trudeau, he was suggesting it could bea trudeau, he was suggesting it could be a relatively smooth process, going from the deal which hasjust been shined between canada eu. —— signed. it does feel optimistic. it took seven years to strike that deal. it doesn't take that long for britain to reach a deal because it would still mail a great deal of ha rd would still mail a great deal of hard bargaining. the eu is a market of 500 million people, uk is a market of 50 million people. it can hardly bargain on the same terms even with the goodwill in the world. that isjust the canadian deal, there are many deals around the world, where ministers speak in an optimistic tone, but there is an awful lot of heart pounding to come.
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we still don't know our relationship at the start of brexit, let alone how will develop as time goes by. i love the fact that everybody is going to be using the driving metaphor. we very carefully share the driving here! eli! -- you lie! how much of a threat is boris johnson? i think people have been throwing rocks at the foreign secretary this week, it is weird that he is talking about an issue of foreign policy, and he is the foreign secretary, and people have such a beef with it. but we know the agenda behind it, of course. isense though there is more a problem for
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theresa may, we know how weak she is because of the election result. she has not properly set out which way we are going to go on brexit, things have evolved since last year and the lancaster house speech. you have a tea m lancaster house speech. you have a team led by philip hammond, the chancellor, who want britain to mirror the single market, very close on regulation and able to interact with the eu. and then you have boris johnson who wants to go his own way, with this trade agreement and free to deal with whoever they want free of regulus in. then of course is the transition, how much they are going to spend on the severance payment. that is what we are hopefully going to get on friday in florence, some detailfrom the prime minister about which approach she favours. i just wa nt to which approach she favours. i just want to show you one thing, we were watching the tv earlier this afternoon, and the cameras were trained on number ten. can you see
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that fellow? this rat, he runs a long past number ten, there is an analogy and metaphor here. what do they say about when the cats away? there are goes. i'm not going to go to that metaphor! that is a random excuse to play a video of a rat! there's a paradox surrounding donald trump. he's leader of a world in disarray, dealing with deadly serious issues — but he's really really good business for comedians. none more so than the team at the us tv show saturday night live — a weekly comedy programme who's ratings have surged during the trump presidency. on sunday evening, the two stars of the show, who play donald trump and hillary clinton, won emmy awards for their performances. here's a part of their acceptance speeches.
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i suppose i should say at long last mr president comic series your emmy. it has been the greatest honour of my life, the greatest role i have had to play. i'm just a huge admirer of hers. it is a great honour. kate mckinnon and alec baldwin celebrating winning their emmy awards — which is something donald himself never managed for any of his tv shows. but what's really got people talking here is the cameo appearance at the emmy‘s of this man — the long lost white house press secretary sean spicer. is there anyone who can say how big the audience is? sean, do you know? applause this will be the largest audience to witness and emmy am a period!”
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this will be the largest audience to witness and emmy am a period! i want one of those podiums! sean spicer, referencing the inauguration numbers. it went something like this. this is the largest audience to witness in inauguration, period! i thought it was funny, but it has caused a row here. people are saying, that sean spicer is effectively admitting that he was lying from the white house, is it appropriate and a good source of comedy? normalising what he did at the white house podium, do you mean? i repeating the exact same words, he is saying that it was all a joke, that it wasn't real, it wasn't real bang, and it's not real now. they shouldn't normalise donald trump. i think it is a bit po—faced, isn't
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it? i think so. think it is a bit po—faced, isn't it? ithink so. it think it is a bit po—faced, isn't it? i think so. it speaks of him reinventing himself, is he making a lot of money on the speaking tour cudd identical as last we heard sean spicer. he was out on another tv show, he is getting himself out there. i miss him. he was good for business. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news — spacejunk — it's everywhere up there and it's a hazard to the thousands of satellites in orbit that we need in our everyday lives. and as parts of the carribean are still reeling from the damage caused by hurricane irma, another is on the way with the region being warned to brace itself for a new violent storm. that's still to come. more about the new hurricane in a
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moment. but we start with quite a weather in the uk will stop for one day, anyway. it was a day of sunshine and showers, we still have rain to push through parts of england and wales, heading south. not match heading into england after midnight. one to miss and fog patches developing behind that system. patches developing behind that syste m. a ny patches developing behind that system. any weather to clear for a period of time, especially rural spots, will have temperatures lower than this, northern ireland and scotla nd than this, northern ireland and scotland in particular getting close to freezing. as tuesday begins. tuesday with a ridge of high pressure building across the uk, promises to be a settled, fine day. that is for the vast majority. there may be early mist and fog patches, but they won't hang around too long. like windsor, where it is sunny, temperatures on the chilly side to
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begin the day, but some sunshine by the afternoon. it will feel fairly present. a lack of wind arrows suggest a light breeze across the uk, a mixture of cloud, some sunny spells coming through. after that chilly start, temperatures heading up chilly start, temperatures heading up to the mid—or upper teens. 11! in stornoway, i7 up to the mid—or upper teens. 11! in stornoway, 17 or 18 up to the mid—or upper teens. 1a in stornoway, 17 or 18 in south—east england. the picture of tuesday into wednesday, this fine day, gets squeezed by this low pressure coming in from the atlantic. this will bring in this weather front, with outbreaks of rain. it changes the wind direction, a freshening southwesterly breeze, from a mile that direction. a different feel to the weather, particularly those errors that stay dry on wednesday, central part of england are most favoured. scotland, wales and western england will at times see outbreaks of rain. not really feeling that milder feel. the system
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is grinding to a halt on wednesday night into thursday with heavy rain developing on it and eventually pushing through later on thursday. brighter skies following on. hurricane maria is now storming its way through the caribbean and strengthening as well. it is through martinique, dominika, and on wednesday it will be taking itself to the british virgin islands. this is beyond one hundred days, with me katty kay in washington — christian fraser's in london. our top stories... the us president donald trump is no fan of the un — now he's addressed the body for the first time — saying he wants reform — and that the us pays too much on peacekeeping compared to other states. we must ensure that no—one and no member state shoulders a disproportionate share of the burden. meanwhile boris johnson meets donald trump for the first time — and he tells the bbc he's no backseat driver when it comes to the prime minister and brexit.
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coming up in the next half hour... parts of the carribean may still be reeling from hurriance irma — but a new violent storm has formed — this time category 3 hurricane maria. and... you may not know it — but there's a cloud of space junk circling the earth... and it's causing a bit of a problem... last week we were reporting on the devestation in the caribbean, left by hurrican irma. they are still assessing the damage from that storm but now they already have to brace for another one. this hurricane is known as maria, it's a category 3 and is right now heading towards the island of dominica. forecasters say it could make landfall in just a few hours time. this satellite image was taken earlier on monday. it shows maria on the bottom right of the screen. the storm has winds blowing at up to 175 kilometres per hour, and flood warnings have been issued across several islands in its path. one of the fewjournalists to report
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first hand on the devastation caused by irma was our colleague laura bicker. she and her team havejust returned to washington. we'll ask her in a second how these islands are going to cope. but first, let's have a quick reminder of some of the conditions she reported on in the caribbean... the fool for of hurricane irma is still a few hours away and already you can feel its effect. the preparations have been made... there isa preparations have been made... there is a collective sigh of relief in puerto rico, there is work to be done, up to 30 foot waves threw up debris and downed trees, but when it comes to that catastrophic eye of the hurricane it only skirted this island. the sheer scale of the devastation here means that barely a building is salvageable, it means the whole island will have to be rebuilt and the government has
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already admitted it simply does not have the money. people talk about the winds that came through here as if they were alive, and five days after the hurricane struck, they are in desperate need of food, shelter and clean water. every decimated building was a bar, restaurant, someone's main income and it will have to be rebuilt of this island is to survive. laura in the caribbean there, reporting on hurricane irma... i look at those pictures and think, poorer people, the houses in chaos, the island is devastated and another one is coming, how will they deal with maria? i have been speaking to people on the island and they need to get the debris out of the way. but we were leaving the largest of the british virgin islands, there was already flooding and that is a key concern. i spoke to someone from the army and they said they are
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trying to get the debris away so flooding does not build up orfly away in the strengthening winds that maria might bring. there are other practicalities, people who have no shelter need to find shelter, the governor has issued a warning telling people in any low—lying areas to leave. several thousand people are homeless, you saw the houses. they are staying with relatives, tried to get anywhere they can go with a note they may be safe. literally, all that stuff that we saw a line around on the ground that you were climbing over when you we re that you were climbing over when you were doing your reporting, back could be picked up by the wins from maria and potentially hurt someone or cause more damage? they were trying to clear as possible, but it isa trying to clear as possible, but it is a huge task and now they are racing against time to get it out of the way and try to find a way to strap it down. trying to get it out of the way of people so that if it
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does go up it will not hit someone or their house. in the same case as hurricane irma, people need to stay inside. so many people i spoke to, the only way they survived was by staying in their bathtubs and that might be the only way to get through this. you were reporting from the caribbean and you were aware of the focus that was on the us side and the us mainland, was relatively ok, compared to the caribbean, did the people in the caribbean feel they're getting the attention they needed. it was a struggle in the first few days, they desperately needed food and shelter and they were not getting what they needed initially. help is now
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getting there with the help of the british military and others disbursing aid, the one key thing about these islands is they have a bit of a mantra. where there is life, there is hope. they are getting a continual battering, they talk about surviving hurricane ‘s but they are ten or 20 years apart, but they are ten or 20 years apart, but this is one week apart. if you're surviving something like this and have to face it again, psychologically it is a huge challenge. back to the relief effort, do you think there is a legacy of this, do you think people feel they were let down, one that harm the relationship between the british virgin islands and the uk?” asked him about restoring trust on the island and he said that any reasonably minded person would say that the british government is doing all it could. i saw the british military who arrived three days afterwards trying hard to get the infrastructure back up and running but the real problem was seven days after the hurricane struck, people still had no water and no basic supplies and i said to him that was unacceptable. he said he would do but he could, there were two months of supplies on the island for people to get to, but since then it has
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been disseminated, the food is getting to where it needs to people with maria on the way, that means that will be disrupted once again. it isa that will be disrupted once again. it is a patchwork, people really fending for themselves, they have got the army helping and aid companies coming in including richard branson who has been dropping off aid. but that patchwork, it is a case of trying to keep that going, but all of that will now grind to a halt as the island is under hurricane watch and try to make sure that debris is cleared and people are safe as maria begins to hurt. thank you for joining us. look at those pictures. look at all that stuff on the ground thatis look at all that stuff on the ground that is now a potential liability for people and the task of either clearing it or physically strapping it down, my heart goes out to those
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people. they are trying to rebuild their businesses and economy and people's lives and it is, more often. it has happened before, when you get two hurricane ‘s glowing on like this, one destroys everything and the second one goes in and throws it all around and it is that that causes more injuries and kills more people. that will be have —— magherafelt will have to be watched in the coming days. the backlash against globalisation has helped fuel an extraordinary political shift in the past 18 months — but turning our back on free—trade and open—markets would hurt the poorest in our societies. that's the warning from the governor of the bank of england, mark carney, who has used a speech in washington today to warn that prices will go up if countries begin putting up trade barriers. some central banks now have to consider the implications for price stability if the process of globalisation were to reverse.
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obviously these issues are particularly relevant for the bank of england as the uk inflation outlook will be influenced for some time bya outlook will be influenced for some time by a process of de—integration, under brexit. sterling by the way fell 1% after mr carney gave that speech — because of his suggestion that any hike in uk interest rates would be gradual. we're joined by randy krozner, a former member of the board of governors of the us federal reserve. welcome to the programme. let us pick up on one issue that mark carney was talking about, the reaction there has been to globalisation in the poorest societies in the western economies, people might say, prices michael watt, but we have not been touched by the benefits of globalisation, our salaries have not gone up. there are broad global benefits to the opening of trade and trading across markets, much like their benefits in
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the uk for trading between london and the north. much better to have that integrated them separated out. how the benefits are distributed is often an even and that is one of the challenges we are seeing cover some places benefit more than others and when people have not benefited as much, they can get upset. it has been battling yearbook has the job market in the states has strengthened, is rising and yet inflation has fallen short of where you think it would be, what is going on? is it a problem that banks are not making the right decision or is there a structural problem in our economy is? this is an ongoing debate over whether this is a short—term thing or something structural. it has been a short term thing now for five or six years and people are thinking it is not so short—term, there may need to be structural changes to do with
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globalisation, may have something to do with some of the consequences of the financial crisis, as people are much less secure in theirjobs, and to push for as much wage increases. pa rt to push for as much wage increases. part of it in the us as we have a lot of people who are not formally counted as unemployed but part of the broader measures of unemployment andi the broader measures of unemployment and i think that has been helping to keep pressure on wages as people have been coming back into the labour market. i want to pick up on what mark carney was sane and his pessimism about brexit and the british economy, we had theresa may in canada today trying to stretch the process of the gauche gating more trade agreements, presumably if britain can negotiate these one—on—one trade agreements, can it mitigate at about the agreements will get when it leaves the eu?“ it can replace the old agreements with new ones at least as good, that
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will help to make the offset. the question is how good will they be, is it better to be part of the european union and do those to go see asians are is it better to be on your own. we will have to see what happens with the negotiation.” your own. we will have to see what happens with the negotiation. i have heard different numbers. how many arrangements would theresa may have to negotiate like the one in canada in order to replace the ones it loses when it leaves the european union? key markets are the ones in europe, in the us, and a few other countries in the world. you could get most of the way there with a relatively small number, also there are agreements that a multilateral that include multiple countries at same time and that is another approach. i wonder in that contract, we talk about america withdrawing from the global stage but is brexit really the first test bed of a country trying to pull away from these trade deals it has organised?
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that is right. there has been a lot of rhetoric of about trade deals and president trump says he wants to get better deals elsewhere, but there has been no withdrawal from those agreements. brexit is a form of withdrawal from that whole structure andi withdrawal from that whole structure and i think it is the first concrete example of it. we do not have that many other examples to use as a guide post. thank you forjoining us. it is interesting, you told the today, how many of these treaties are we calling to have to sign in march, 2019 and i went to look on google and it is over 700, the day that we step outside the european union and within those, there are a multilateral deals that we will have to sign with 106 countries. yes. i checked that out as well and the recipes in the financial times which had 759 and that included to clear,
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agriculture, trade, which was by far the largest of these treaties that it will have to negotiate. i do not know they can get it done, there seems to be a possibility that they can replace the main ones and that would give britain a better deal in terms of trading relationships. we know that this is extremely good business for lawyers and trade to go shifters. you have got to sift through them, to see if it needs to be revised higher. hugely technical and expensive. this is beyond one hundred days. still to come — the millions of tiny space junk bits orbiting the planet and why they're no the former england and manchester united captain, wayne rooney, has been banned from driving for two years and ordered to do community service after pleading
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guilty to drink—driving. he was arrested near his home in cheshire earlier this month. our sports editor dan roan was in court. less tha n less than 2a hours after playing for everton at wayne rooney arriving at stockport magistrates this morning over a drink—driving charge, flanked by police and security guards, the former england captain was escorted through media scrum and accompanied by his agent. he was arrested in the early hours of september the 1st after being stopped by police driving a car belonging to a woman he met on a night out and who he was driving home from this bar. the court heard the 31—year—old had been three times the legal alcohol spoke only to confirm
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his name and address and date of birth, issuing a guilty plea through his solicitor who said his client had genuine remorse for a terrible mistake. the district judge had genuine remorse for a terrible mistake. the districtjudge handed him a two—year driving ban and ordered him to carry out 100 hours of unpaid community work and he was told to pay £170 and cost. he had written a letter to the court expressing his remorse and the solicitor asked that he be spared a community sentence because of his charity work. the judge said he was not convinced at a fine would have the same of punitive effect after what he called a very serious offence. in a statement, rooney said... yesterday he made his first return to manchester united since leaving old trafford to rejoin everton the summer. the court heard his boyhood club is expected to find the strike two weeks wages, around £300,000. the record goal—scorerfor the country said he accepted the sentence and hoped his punishment would enable him to make some amends. welcome to beyond one hundred days.
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ryanair could face rya nair could face compensation claims of up to $25 million after announcing plans to cancel thousands of lives. the airline says it has messed up pilot holiday rotors and to avoid future delays will cancel between 50 and a0 flights a day for the next six weeks. angry customers are demanding the airline publishes are demanding the airline publishes a full list of the flights that they plan to cancel. that includes my mum and dad. police in missouri say they have arrested more than 80 people during a third night of violent protest. the demonstrations began after a white former police officer was acquitted of murder after shooting a black man
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in 2011. the protests have been mostly peaceful but some roads were blocked and some windows were smashed. police are continuing to question two men on suspicion of terror offences following an attack ona tube terror offences following an attack on a tube train in london. images show a person carrying the supermarket bike similar to the one used in the bombing 90 minutes before the attack. this story is for christian and it is a chance to show you gratuitous video of space. in october 1957 the soviet union launched, sputnik. the first manmade satellite to circle the earth. from its radio antennaes it sent out a continuous beep that could be heard by radio operators around the world. and so began the space race. in the 60 years since we have put thousands of satellites into orbit, they connect us, they tell us where to go, they provide vital intelligence on our weather patterns. but there is also a growing cloud of space junk that is circling the earth, including millions of tiny splinters, from rocket parts, decomissioned satellites, far too small to track. last year sentinel—1 a satellite operated by the european space agency was hit by a miniscule particle that knocked it into a slightly different orbit. a picture from the on—board camera shows a dent — marked here with the red arrow —
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which tells you just how fast these bits are travelling. so — is there anything we can do about this? derrick pitts, chief astronomer at the franklin institute joins us now from philadelphia. thank you forjoining us. give us a sense of the scale of this problem, how muchjunk sense of the scale of this problem, how much junk is there out there and what is it? it depends how you measure the size. if we measure objects that are about ten centimetres in size, we are talking about 20,000 centimetres in size, we are talking about 20 , 000 trackable centimetres in size, we are talking about 20,000 trackable objects and if you go down to objects that are smaller than that in size, there are half a million of those in orbit around the earth in various orbits. this can actually present quite a serious problem. this is the story
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that really set me alight last week because i was looking at some of the statistics, tell us how fast these things are travelling and who is tracking? that is really the problem. they travel at a high velocity. 17,500 miles or 18,000 miles an hour, around there, that really gives, even very small pieces, a tremendous amount of energy. depending upon the size and the speed, you can have really devastating effects happen to other spacecraft. if we take something the size of the chip of paint travelling at 17,000 miles an hour, you can easily blow apart is satellite without much trouble at all. you can see that something that small a mass, a chip of paint can cause damage in that particular one comes from the true instance in which it was identified as being the culprit for a damaging one of the space shuttle windows, a decade or so a
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goal, when it was learned that a divot in one of the windows was actually caused by a paint chip. who is following this? there are a number of national agencies including nasa, also the space surveillance network and the us strike on network are trying to follow these objects and they are doing a very good job of keeping track of them, so they know where they all are, they know which direction air heading on what speed and they use this information to reposition either targeted spacecraft or i should save spacecraft or i should save spacecraft that have some risk of being hit by something or they can do what they can to move the other spacecraft around so they do not get hit. this information is quite useful and helpful. i read last week that the indians put up a rocket backin that the indians put up a rocket back in february and there were 10a satellites, a record number of satellites, a record number of satellites that were going up into the airand it satellites that were going up into the air and it got me thinking, who
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decides whether or satellites go, are the indians freelancing or is eve ryo ne are the indians freelancing or is everyone collaborating to say, we will put it at this level in this pa rt will put it at this level in this part of the planning and it starts off spinning, how does that work? there are two ways, international agreement, lets everyone else know what is happening and the raiders systems that are used by these agencies that i spoke of keep very careful track of the spacecraft, they know where they're coming from. they get into the different orbits, depending on what the purpose of the spacecraft is at the purpose of the satellites might be and that determines how they go, above the earth for their use. there is a serious problem that is coming towards us in the future, to real serious ones, one of them is the fa ct serious ones, one of them is the fact that for certain kinds of systems of communications around the world, say for example, very very low cost worldwide internet communication systems, these require
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a large number of satellites similar to what you're talking about is that the indians launched recently and they can cause quite a bit of a problem because there are so many more of them. adding more of them only adds to the problem, unless, unless, designed into them is a wafer to be orbited either naturally or to have some active means of de—orbiting orbiting once the spacecraft have outlived their useful life span. you're saying that not satisfied with littering up our own planet we have decided to make space at giant human trash can as well and we are chucking even more stuff out there. what are the options for trying to capture some of these things and i guess you would have to bring them back down through the atmosphere so they burnt up through the atmosphere so they burnt up or something? is there a way actually to get rid of this rubbish? it is an enormous problem, it really is, because of the fact that you
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have to create a system that can go and clean up these orbits. that means that you have to create a launch system that will carry some kind of collection system or a propulsion system that can be added to the space debris to dior but it but get it to come out of orbit. some of these objects do have a natural de—orbiting capability, their altitude is not so high, it is low enough that they can be caught by the earth's atmosphere, friction created by the atmosphere causes them to do your bit. they earth also has a natural means and a sense of how to do this in that the atmosphere is heated by the sun and as it expands, particularly at cycles of high activity in the sun cycles of high activity in the sun cycle of activity, there can also expand the atmosphere, this is all natural by the way and it can cause some of the lower satellites to be caught by the atmosphere, drag a little bit more
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ample down. for the other ones, we have to develop an active system that can go and collect them and either we can use large nets that can grab them and pull them down, it may sound crazy, but there are proposals on the table for that and there are other methods in which we can actually attach something to them to drive them into law orbit. after all, we really need to get them out of orbit because a collision that happens between two satellites, an inadvertent collision will only create more fragments travelling at high rates of speed that can do more damage and what we would like to have happen, the least thing we would like to have happen is for some sort of a cascading effect in which more debris creates more collisions, which creates more debris, which creates more collisions. that is only going to populate the space even worse. fascinating. i think there is a movie on it. you know the really good news? even if they had our satellite, 100 days stays an air because when you talk, it goes
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through the pipe to new york, goes under the water into cornwall and we will still be on air. it is the pipe in the ocean. that is why you wanted to do the story. for now — from katty kay in washington and me christian fraser in london — goodbye. more about hurricane maria coming up ina more about hurricane maria coming up in a moment but we will start with use of quieter weather on the way to the uk for one day anyway. it has been another day of sunshine and showers today, a bit of rain to push through parts of england and wales this evening heading south, not much left in south—east england after midnight. some mist and fog patches developing behind, a mixture of cloud and clear spells, anywhere thatis cloud and clear spells, anywhere that is clear for a time, especially
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ruraljobs will end of the temptress lower than this, northern ireland and scotland in particular. tuesday, with the ridge of high pressure coming in, it promises to be a seldom find dave for the vast majority. the early mist and fog patch which should not hang around too long, and where it starts on it, some cloud building, where it starts cloudy, some sunshine will come through and temperatures on the chilly side to begin the day but in some sunshine by the afternoon, it will feel fairly pleasant and lack of winged arrows suggests libraries across the uk, a mixture of cloud, some sunny spells coming through and after that chilly start, temperatures heading up to the mid and upper teens in some spots. as we ta ke and upper teens in some spots. as we take a look at the picture from tuesday into wednesday, this high pressure gives us a fine day and get squeezed by the low pressure coming
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in from the atlantic. that will bring in the weather front and give us some rain, it changes the wind direction, freshening breeze, manager of direction, a different feel to the weather, particularly those areas that stay dry on wednesday, central and east of england ambulance service whereas scotland, northern ireland, parts of wales will at times he some outbreaks of rain. not really realising that manager fields of things. you will we get to see some sunshine. that system grinding to a halt for a time on wednesday night into their steak with heavy rain developing and eventually pushing through later on thursday with brighter skies following on behind. hurricane maria is storm on its way through the caribbean, and major hurricane and strengthening as well through martinique and dominica and by the time you get to where the stay, it will be heading to the british virgin islands and porter ricco. this is bbc news. the headlines at 8pm: ryanair says it
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rya nair says it faces ryanair says it faces a compensation bill of £18 million for cancelling thousands of flights over the coming weeks. when we make a mess we come out with our hands up and try to explain why we have made that mess and we will pay compensation to those passengers entitled to compensation which will be those flights cancelled over the next two weeks. as theresa may attempts to reassert her authority over brexit talks, borisjohnson confirms she's very much in the driving seat. the uk government is driven from the front and we all have the same destination in our sights. that is getting a good dealfor brexit. there is one driver in this car, to use amber's metaphor. it's theresa.
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