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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 22, 2017 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm james menendez. our top stories: breaking the brexit deadlock. the british prime minister heads to florence to set out her proposals for leaving the european union. the war of words between the united states and north korea intensifies. kim jong—un describes president trump as "mentally deranged" after his anti—pyongyang speech at the un. an "utter mess." how teachers and pupils are describing the turkish education system after the government imposes controversial, non—secular lessons for the new school term. and i'm rachel horne. back from the cliff edge. britain will push for a brexit transition period that would keep it in the single market for two years. but can it break the stalemate over money? plus, clouds gather over the us solar industry as a trade dispute with china heats up. the british prime minister is to set
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out proposals for ending the stalemate in the brexit negotiations. in a landmark speech in florence, theresa may will offer to maintain payments into the eu budget in return for continued access to the single market for a transitional period of up to two years. she will say the eu has a "profound sense of responsibility" to agree a deal. from florence, our political editor, laura kuenssberg. this city might be an escape from westminster, yet the trickiness of our departure from the eu is no easier in a foreign language. and here on mainland europe, as at home, threats to theresa may lurk in many different corners. before packing her bags,
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she had to try to get her cabinet onside. after two and a half hours, an oh so natural display. look, we all smile and agree. reporter: is philip your new best friend? cabinet united? very united, very good, all behind the speech. mr cairns, will eu leaders like what they hear in florence? you'll have to wait and see. we don't have to wait for all the detail, though, the prime minister is expected to say, for the first time explicitly, the uk will seek a transition deal that could be up to two years long, after we leave the eu. she's likely to signal, too, she might be ready to offer 20 billion euros so that no other country loses out from brexit. but after we leave, the prime minister will make clear, again, she wants a bespoke trade arrangement, not a model based on any other. remember in the referendum, leavers promised that we would get money back. but after a visit to number 10, this prominent eurosceptic
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sounds completely on board with paying, if only for a couple of years. we're leaving a big hole in their finances if we just leave. and if the european union is going to deal constructively with us and reach a sensible agreement, well, then there are reasonable political and diplomatic reasons why we should help them. but in a transition, the eu's top negotiator has been firm we would have to pay and play by their rules. saying there are still big uncertainties around our approach. in government circles, though, there is hope this speech can unlock the eu impasse, that is why the plans have been carefully kept under wraps. and i have the british prime minister on the phone this afternoon — don't tell the public, because the public will not be told. laughter. but no more secrets on this speech, on how decades of membership, ties of money, of politics, will start to be phased out. there is much still for britain to decide, though, for the eu to discuss.
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this is still the overture before we finally depart. laura kuenssberg, bbc news. north korea's leader has vowed to make president trump "pay dearly" for threatening to destroy north korea if forced to defend itself. president trump made the remarks at the united nations on tuesday. kimjong—un has now hit back in this war of words, calling donald trump "mentally deranged." on thursday, president trump imposed new sanctions against individuals, companies and foreign banks that trade with pyongyang. let's speak to our correspondent danny savage who's in seoul. danny, i want to talk about the sanctions and what that involves in a moment. let's talk about this war of words which seems to have intensified further with comments
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from the north korean foreign minister? yes, we were talking just stay few hours ago about the response from the north korean leader, kim jong—un, who response from the north korean leader, kimjong—un, who issued a response if you days after that speech by donald trump, saying that he was considering what to do next. he said he was basically deeply offended by what donald trump had said, called him deranged, and said he would consider the highest level of hardline he would consider the highest level of ha rdline countermeasure he would consider the highest level of hardline countermeasure in history to what more trump had said. remember that the bottom line at the moment from america is that north korea will be destroyed if it threatens america or one of its allies. add to that what is emerging from new york at the moment, and thatis from new york at the moment, and that is where basically, reporters doorstep the north korean foreign minister, they stops as they saw him leaving the building, and asked him what all this could possibly mean. this is the man who will be speaking to the united nations this week and
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come be giving north korea's official response to the united nations. he said, when asked about what this countermeasure could be, he said it would be the most powerful destination of a h—bomb in the pacific. we could have no idea exactly what it would be as it would ordered by the leader, kim jong—un. what that is hinting at is that north korea is potentially threatening to detonate an h—bomb, something that has underground in their own country earlier this month, somewhere in the pacific ocean. now, that would be an enormousjump ocean. now, that would be an enormous jump forward in actions and rhetoric in this whole developing crisis, if you like, and what would happen thereafter? where would it happen, how would it happen, how would the bomb be delivered? this sort of thing. it really opens up a whole new possibility, a whole new chapter of very worrying development in this situation, that north korea is now on record from their foreign minister suggesting they could
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retesti ng minister suggesting they could retesting and h—bomb somewhere in the pacific. —— could be testing at an h—bomb. rachel is here with all the business news. good morning. unsurprisingly we are also talking about brexit. we start in florence, italy, where — as you've been hearing — british prime minister theresa may will set out her position on brexit in a speech. with just 18 months to go before the uk is set to leave the eu, she hopes it will break the stalemate in negotiations. so what are we expecting? sources have told the bbc that theresa may will ask for a transition period of up to two years after the uk leaves in march 2019. she will offer to keep paying into the eu budget during that transition, so other eu member states don't have to contribute more. at current levels that would amount to about 20 billion euros. in return, she wants uk access to the eu single market and some form of customs union in the transition period. this will save british firms from a "cliff edge" situation and allow the uk time
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to negotiate new trade deals. this won't end the wrangling over money, though. counting long—term liabilities like eu pensions and debts, brussels has put britain's total exit bill at up to 100 billion euros. so will it break the deadlock? we will soon find out. the next round of brexit negotiations start on 25th september, this monday. we'll be getting the views of a top brexit watcher economist jonathan portes from kings college london in 20 minutes time. we are also in the us, where clouds are gathering over the solar energy industry. us manufacturers claim a surge of cheap solar panels from china is pushing them out of business. two of them have taken their case to the us international trade commission. it decides today whether to slap tariffs on chinese solar equipment. their opponents say if that happens it could mean higher prices, and a slump in demand that
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will hit the whole industry. we'll have a full report in 20 minutes time. don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcrachelhorne. thousands of people have taken to the streets of barcelona after police arrested a number of key officials trying to organise an independence referendum for catalonia. the spanish government says any vote on a split from spain would be illegal. last night the leader of catalonia's regional government said he would defy the ban and push on with the referendum on october 1st. 0ur correspondent, tom burridge, reports from barcelona. they have their own national anthem. a language widely spoken. catalans desperate to vote. in the referendum on independence that the region's devolved government plans to hold in just ten days' time. this a key
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moment, because the spanish state is now using its power to try and halt the vote. we want democracy. polly swa n the vote. we want democracy. polly swan oppression, spanish repression, will not stop us from voting. —— police repression. a moment that will be written in the history books. we are asking for democracy, that's all. human towers part of catalonia's distinct cultural identity. i have watched the pro—independence movement in recent yea rs pro—independence movement in recent years in catalonia as it was galvanised in the wake of a financial crisis across spain, wishing and pressuring the spanish government for a better economic dealfor this region, or better still, for these people, a scottish style independence referendum. but if spain has its way, this is the only ballot box they will be seeing in the coming days. because last night, spanish police raided the offices of catalonia's devolved government. tens of thousands
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swarmed outside as spain's civil guard police seized election material from the regional economy ministry. trapped for hours, their vehicles parked near the protests, the police eventually emerged. huge tension, minimalviolence. but spain had made its move. 14 arrested, including senior cat among politicians. —— senior catalan politicians. —— senior catalan politicians. as he warmed up in the czech republic, the hot political climate back home on the mind of one of spain's eager stars.|j climate back home on the mind of one of spain's eager stars. i love catalonia. i really feel, for spain, i cannot imagine spain without catalonia and catalonia without spain andi catalonia and catalonia without spain and i don't want to see it. but tonight the leader of catalonia's government said contingency plans were in face —— place, and the referendum would
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happen. a referendum on catalonia's independence from spain, in legal or not, still on the cards. mexico's president says says there could still be people alive in the rubble of 10 buildings which collapsed in tuesday's earthquake. 273 people are now known to have died and thousands more have been injured. 0ur correspondent, rajini vaidyanathan is in the capital city. the rescue effort is in full force here in mexico city. close to a0 buildings collapsed in the earthquake on tuesday. this building is in the fashionable la condesa district, which is nicknamed "hipster town", it is normally home to fashion designers, millennials and artists. this operation at the moment is a rescue operation. the marines and the armed forces here believe there are people inside and they're trying to make contact with them. as you can see there are a lot of people and a lot of machinery as well working at the rubble. a lot of it is manual work, people passing bits of the rubble hand to hand to remove it very carefully because it's a precarious operation.
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international assistance has also arrived here. the israeli government has sent help and they're actually involved in this particular rescue operation. while people wait, there are doctors on standby as well ready to treat anyone who is rescued and who comes out. periodically this place falls silent. people put their hands up and they are told to be silent while rescuers try to call out to people who they believe are trapped in the rubble. it's not just officials who are helping with the rescue efforts here, many of these people are volunteers giving up their own time and pitching in to try and rescue as many people as they can.
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the atmosphere here is very intense, it's one of anticipation. people are still hopeful that many more people will be found in the rubble alive. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, the renowned michelin—starred chef, who's following the old adage about coping with pressure. he's decided he can't take the heat so he's getting out of the kitchen. ben johnson, the fastest man on earth, is flying home to canada in disgrace. all the athletes should be clean going into the games. i'm just happy that justice is served. it is a simple fact that this morning, these people were in their homes. tonight, those homes have been burnt down by serbian soldiers and police. all the taliban positions along here have been strengthened, presumably in case the americans invade. it's no use having a secret service which cannot preserve its own secrets against the world. and so the british government has no
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option but to continue this action, and even after any adverse judgement in australia. concorde had crossed the atlantic faster than any plane ever before, breaking the record by six minutes. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the british prime minister, heads to florence, to set out her proposals for leaving the european union and breaking the brexit deadlock. the war of words between the united states and north korea intensifies. kim jong—un describes president trump as mentally deranged, after his anti—pyongyang speech at the un. mr trump has announced more trade sanctions. pupils in turkey began the new school year this week with controversial changes to the curriculum.
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charles darwin's theory of evolution has been removed for younger students and there are new lessons on jihad, taught as "love for the homeland". it's prompted further criticism that the islamic government is trying to impose its values on a previously secular education syllabus. 0ur turkey correspondent mark lowen reports. please with the new school year, a new curriculum. this student will no longerfind a new curriculum. this student will no longer find a pollution new curriculum. this student will no longerfind a pollution but new curriculum. this student will no longer find a pollution but will breed ofjihad longer find a pollution but will breed of jihad and longer find a pollution but will breed ofjihad and love for the homeland. turkey's secular founding father is less prominent and his school must now have a prayer room. translation: i am worried for my children's future. they are engineering society. if you are
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teaching the prophet mohamed and adding anjihadist, it will teaching the prophet mohamed and adding an jihadist, it will isolate us. i am terrified. adding an jihadist, it will isolate us. iam terrified. protest adding an jihadist, it will isolate us. i am terrified. protest were sparked fearing the secular constitution is further eroded. more than 70 reforms have been made and this is what can happen if you criticise. an exhibition promoting science is attacked by a mob. leftist unions say they are not listened to and the turkish education system is being dumbed down with less scientific rigour and more lessons about terrorists and that the failed coup. translation: they are trying to raise children who believe in religious dogma without questioning and being curious about science. i am absolutely ready to lose myjob by
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fighting this. evolution theory has not gone but it will be taught to all the students who the authorities say grasp it better. in this high school, the headscarf was banned in schools until the recep tayyip erdogan government. this campaign song is at the school bell. the direct defence the changes. translation: they were having a hard time understanding of louche and so the change is based on that. we teach a different religions and nobody interferes with each other‘s fate but we cannot take is flame out of turkey zero turkey out of islam. curriculum reform goes to the heart of the dividing line between secular and religious. it is so contentious because this country is more polarised than ever along that divide, both sides trying to shape the next generation. it is a key
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battleground. their ideas will determine turkey's future path with president recep tayyip erdogan stated goal of raising a pious narration, the new curriculum seems destined to mould turkey in his image. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: the united states is to provide nearly $700 million in additional humanitarian assistance for syrian. five hundred million dollars would be distributed inside syria. the rest would go to lebanon, jordan and turkey, which are hosting up to five million refugees from the conflict. the un security council has warned that a planned referendum on independence in the kurdish region of iraq could have a potentially destabilising impact. in a unanimous statement, the fifteen council members said the vote would detract from the fight against islamic state militants. banks and building societies in the uk are to carry out checks on all current account holders to identify illegal immigrants. from january, they will have to check customers' names against a database supplied by the home office.
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some people, including those who've overstayed their visas or had asylum applications refused, will have their accounts closed orfrozen. the head of facebook, mark zuckerberg, says the company will give the us congress information about thousands of political adverts that were paid for by russians during last year's presidential election. he said he would work — with others — towards new standards of transparency for political advertising. in future all such adverts will make it clear who paid for them. 0ur north america editorjon sopel has more from washington. it is significant. after the eu referendum, in britain, the phrase that gained currency was "post—truth". often, in the presidential election, last year, it felt like we were going through no truth. social media was awash with advertisements masquerading as serious news stories. they were invariably fake, and they were also invariably in favour of donald trump and against hillary clinton. things like, "hillary clinton sold weapons to islamic state," "hillary clinton has had murdered her fbi officer involved in unmasking the e—mail
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enquiry," and also things like, "in a surprise move, donald trump gains the backing of pope francis. " now, all of this had an impact because at the end of the election, more people were reading the fake news stories, according to a survey, than the real news. under enormous pressure, facebook is going to show the transparency that it has often talked about and is going to reveal just where the source of those adverts came from, how much the russians paid, where they were all going. now, this will answer one question from the presidential election, the extent of russian involvement. the question it will not answer is what impact those fake news stories had on the electorate — that will still be hotly contested between the trump supporters who will say it had no impact, and the hillary clinton supporters who said it changed the election result. a global survey commissioned by the bbc has found increasing opposition to any form
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of governmental regulation of the internet. it found that the proportion opposed to regulation has risen from 51% to 58% since 2010. only two of the countries surveyed — britain and china — were in favour. the survey also found that 80% of those questioned were anxious about fake content on the internet. and for more on all our stories and analysis from our correspondents just go to our website. sport now and premier league champions chelsea have agreed terms with atletico madrid for the striker diego costa to re—join them injanuary. the 28—year—old refused to return to stamford bridge this season after falling out with manager antonie conte. a fee in the region of $80 million is reported to have been agreed between the clubs. manchester united chief executive ed woodward expects facebook and amazon to "enter the mix" when the next
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english premier league tv rights deal is negotiated later this year. the current domestic and overseas broadcast deals are worth a combined total of $11 billion. woodward said he believed the premier league would welcome a bid from the likes of facebook or amazon. earlier this month facebook failed with a $600 million bid for the digital rights to the indian premier league. for many chefs winning a michelin star is considered the pinnacle of their career. but renowned french chef sebastien bras has asked to be stripped of his prestigious three stars. he says the pressure to earn them again every year at his restaurant in the village of laguiole, in southern france is proving too much of a strain. sarah corker reports perched above the aubrac plateau, in southern france, the food at le suquet is inspired by the forests and meadows nearby. critics describe sebastien bras's food as spellbinding, but the celebrated chef is walking away from the ultra—competitive world of michelin—star cooking. the pressure to satisfy the food inspectors has proved too much. translation: well, we have been
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carrying these stars for ten years but for a few years now, we have been saying to ourselves, but for how long will we continue to have this tension felt every day? for how long? do we want this until the end of our career? the chef announced the news in this facebook video. he wants to be dropped from the famous red guide so he can start a new chapter in his life. the chef is famed in france for his gargouillou — a mix of up to 80 vegetables, hearbs and flowers. his is one of only 27 french restaurants in the elite three michelin star club. the guide describes it as "our highest award" given for the superlative cooking of chefs at the peak of their profession. mr bras's decision has shocked some in the culinary world, reigniting a debate, in france, over the pressures faced by top chefs.
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translation: the offer is not going to change. i even think my kitchen is going to somehow feel liberated, open—minded, more relaxed. just asking to return the stars does not mean michelin will automatically remove the restaurant. it says it will consider the request. but mr bras says he wants to be free to cook in serenity. sarah corker, bbc news. the top stories: the british prime minister heads to florence to set out proposal by leaving the eu and breaking the brexit deadlock. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter — i'm @james menendez. i will be back with the headlines and then it is business with rachel. hello.
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as one weather front clears away from the uk, another is on the way in in the day ahead — a day that starts chilly under largely clear skies, especially in rural spots, low single figures and a touch of frost on the grass and maybe the cars, and perhaps some spots in scotland all the way down to freezing as the day begins. here is the next weather system. to start friday, it will push quickly. rain across northern island with a freshening wind. just fringing into the western scotland at this stage. this is the picture across the uk at 8am. away from the rain, it will be a chilly but sunny start for many of us. bear in mind there could be a few mist and fog patches, more in parts of england and wales and perhaps more likely in parts of east anglia and south—east england. we won't all see it but where you do, be aware that that is a possibility. it should not last too long in the morning. we are watching the system come in. a wet morning in northern ireland but in the afternoon, the rain pulls away and brightens up.
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quite windy with that through the irish sea. quite blowy on some coasts. outbreaks of rain push across scotland into wales and western england. maybe a few spots in the midlands, north—east england. but much of east anglia and south—east england will stay dry. perhaps some sunny spells the further east you are. temperatures to 19 degrees. quite cool you have the cloud, the rain and the brisk wind. this weather system looks like it stalls across parts of england and wales going through friday night with patchy light rain and drizzle but it does mean going into saturday morning, it will be much more milder compared with friday morning. the big picture going into the weekend has a deep area of low pressure to the west of the uk — not too concerned about that, it's pushing its way north, but the trailing weather front looks like it will come in and ahead of it, there will be quite a windy picture for some of us in western areas during saturday. the wind will freshen with perhaps gales developing in places. a lot of cloud and patchy rain to begin with in england and wales on saturday, pushing northwards into some of scotland, though the far north
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of scotland should stay sunny. some sunny spells in northern ireland. but brightening up nicely through much of wales and southern england through the day. and some warmth in the southerly flow with temperatures up to around 20 or 21 celsius. for sunday, some uncertainty about the positioning of this area of rain coming in from the west. but either side of it, there will be some sunny spells and the wind is easing during sunday. this is bbc world news, the headlines. the british prime minister is in florence, to set out her proposals for brexit. the bbc understands theresa may will propose a 2—year transitional deal for the uk to try to secure a smooth exit from the european union. the war of words between the united states and north korea is intensifying. kim jong—un has describes president trump as mentally deranged, after his anti—pyongyang speech at the un. mr trump has announced more trade sanctions. protests continue a cross catalonia after the spanish government imposed
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daily fines on separatists organising an independence referendum. the spanish government says any vote on a split from spain would be illegal. the mexican president has promised to continue the search for earthquake survivors. he said rescuers are still looking for anyone alive in the ruins
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