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tv   Click  BBC News  September 23, 2017 12:30pm-1:01pm BST

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look to continue their good home record, against tottenham, it's been a bogey ground for spurs of late after spending £140 million, in the summer, everton manager ronald koeman fox wouldn't have expected to see his side in the bottom three, of the premier league table. but that's exactly where they find themselves ahead of this afternoon's match at home to bournemouth, who start the game one place below them in the table. koeman says with so many arrivals, people should not have had unrealistic expectations. it is crazy and ridiculous to put a lot of pressure on the team by saying, we need to finish by the top four teams. that in my opinion is ridiculous, and everybody signs new players... even new players, we sang also young players like we played yesterday. —— we sign players, 20, 21,19, yesterday. —— we sign players, 20, 21, 19, 22... the years of sacrifice will seem worth it tonight, if britain has another boxing world champion. hughie fury —
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the cousin of tyson — is aiming to claim the, wbo heavyweight belt. his opponent is the undefeated joseph parker, from new zealand, who's won every single one of his 23 fights. fury, who's unbeaten as well, is only 23 years old, but has been through numerous setbacks, injuries and illnesses along the way. but fury has been dreaming of this moment since he was ten. it is the biggest day of my life. to be honest with you, i have been preparing for this moment all my life. since i was a young kid... i a lwa ys life. since i was a young kid... i always said, i want to be champion, from a young kid. this woman has been a long time coming so i am more than ready. —— this moment has been a long time coming. and you can hear commentary of that fight on bbc radio five live from 10:30pm this evening. lizzie diegnan, is hoping to become the world road race champion later today, just four weeks after having her appendix out. she won the title two years ago, but was bed—ridden for 13 days, ahead of the world championships in norway and lost two kilos of muscle weight. it is bizarre to be in such form. i
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was going quite well, but to wake up the next day in a hospital day in thing, that's it, it's over. ijust had this small bit of hope that i could make it here and it was not something i was ready to give up on. the rowing world championships get under way this weekend in florida, with 19 british crews taking part over the week long event. rio gold medallist, moe sibeehee, is once again included in the men's four — he's competing in his sixth world championships, and is now seen as a senior member, of the british rowing squad. and he accepts there's a certain amount of pressure on the boat, given the achievements of sir steve redgrave and sir matthew pinsent. —— mo sbihi. i feel trapped often because —— mo sbihi. ifeel trapped often because there is no room for me to underperform or have an off day. especially turning and is steering the boat, being a returning gold medallist... i
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understand there is pressure amongst the three guys ever with, and that is not making the bigger than them. but i feel like there is pressure for me to behave in a certain way and have less leeway than perhaps some of the others might. still no goals in the early kick—offs in scotland. rangers and celtic, and in london, west ham and totte n ha m. celtic, and in london, west ham and tottenham. more sport in the next hour. now on bbc news, it's time for click. this week, how safe is your face? pinpointing pollutants and... i'm not sure you're pointing that hairspray the right way, lara. facial recognition — tech that can identify someone
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from their face is fast becoming a thing. this biometric id has been used, albeit together with passports, at immigration control in airports. in dubai, they want to do this without the gates, allowing passengers to walk more easily through the airport. and it's also found its way into apps as an alternative to the password for validating a payment. face recognition could be coming to shops, too. in china, alibaba recently premiered a smile—to—pay system at kfc. but unlike our passports and passwords, our faces are on public display pretty much all the time, and that makes it possible for the authorities or anyone else to automatically identify us in any public space, something which you may not be surprised to hear they are quite interested in doing. dan simmons has been looking
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at the preparations being made by several governments to do this. and to start with, you've been to germany? yes, it seems that we could be moving towards a biometric cctv sort of state, and one of the places where it is first happening, which may surprise you, is in berlin. catching a train in the german capital today means you might be caught on cctv, perhaps while stamping your paper ticket. neither system automatically track your movements. at the least, that requires human intervention. but arrive at sudkreuz in the south of the city, and your face will be scanned and analysed by computers. the testing of facial recognition systems began here last month, but the authorities aren't looking for criminals just yet. and they're not really looking for me, either. around 200 volunteers have had their faces scanned and been given a location tracker
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so the authorities know when they pass through here and they can see how often the cameras can pick them up, just by looking at their faces. if the system's accurate enough, then the next stage is to use it much more widely, which for many, would be a breach of privacy — being constantly monitored with no easy opt out. the germans have a history of being watched. this old listening station in berlin was how the west kept tabs on east germany. 0n the ground below, first the nazis and then the stasi in east germany kept files on the population, filled by informants. since the fall of the berlin wall in 1989 and the decommissioning of id checkpoints, berliners have been fiercely protective of their privacy. what has changed is that a new threat has replaced the old.
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police control the crowds in the aftermath of a terrorist attack. a truck has mowed down shoppers in berlin — 12 are killed and more than 50 injured. at this time, cctv is still not widely used in public areas, but three months later, in march this year, the government passed new laws to extend their use and the face recognition pilot was given the go—ahead. despite the trial offering a route that passengers can take to avoid the cameras, both the country's data commissioner and the country's top lawyers have expressed concern about germany moving towards a surveillance state. no—one is saying facial recognition couldn't help catch criminals, but the public does not seem to have been asked. as germany goes to the polls, one member of the coalition has in power told me he wasn't consulted about the trial and the technology has not been publicly debated in parliament.
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it does not bring more security. it isjust collecting data, more and more. you don't know who, when, where this data may be used. it is a pill they try to give it to the people which doesn't have any effect, because it doesn't solve the problems. proponents of the scheme point to the dip in crime following the installation of cctv in 2011. we asked the german interior ministry and the police authority for an interview and to take a look at the technology, but both declined. we asked some travellers. i don't trust the system. i don't trust this new development, like, everybody should be tracked and scanned by cameras. they showed on television that if you have a cap on or sunglasses, it doesn't work any more, so maybe not so much. but anyway if it catches one, we are very happy. it really shows that it will help,
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then i will be ok with this, in the hope that there is no misuse and no tracking, just collecting tracking data. if those worries are widespread, it's not looking good. questions hang over whether the german police fabricated their records on the man behind december‘s terror attack to make them look good. earlier this month, a privacy international report said 21 eu member states, including germany, are still unlawfully collecting and retaining personal data. who's watching the watchers? that may be the key question if the technology proves its worth. 0k, well, first up, we are tracked by our phones every day anyway these days, aren't we?
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so, what is the big concern around facial recognition? with phones, we can possibly turn them off or opt to carry a more basic model. we do have some choice. it tends to be companies that collect data, so when the police or the state require that information, they do so on a case—by—case basis. i think the concern here is that if we introduced facial recognition as we have cctv, then there would be a very broad database, a searchable database, to find out where each person was and with whom whenever they were in public. 0k, though, to be fair, it is just a trail. this hasn't been released yet. no, it is a trial, absolutely, just on those 250 volunteers and on members of the public that walk through the space where they're captured on camera. and you've been to another capital city where this technology is already being used by the police to look for real suspects, to find people that they're looking for.
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yes, here in london, where the most recent trials took place last month. carnival time in notting hill. the tens of thousands who gather are monitored from above, and by officers on the ground. but there are also facial recognition cameras here, and unlike in berlin, the london trial is not as visible to the public, and the officers are using it to spot real suspects. the metropolitan police declined to show us the technology or to interview, so we spoke to a human rights expert who was invited by officers to witness what happened. in the ten minutes that i viewed facial recognition in action, i saw two misidentifications, and in fact both of them wrongly identified an innocent woman walking past as a wanted man from the police's database. so it didn't even get the gender right? no.
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and those are false positives — are the police concerned about that? they weren't worried about that, but they were running this for four days. the police told us that they had made many false positives. the system had produced many false positives. she says officers told her they had made one correct match in the four days of use. the leeds who i met viewed this as a success. —— the leads who i met viewed this as a success. in their view, as long as they can prove that the software works, ie can make a positive match, even if it's making 40 incorrect matches, then it works. that's not a scientific approach, and there's no balance or proportionality, let alone the civil liberties issues. in our view, that is not a success. some people will say that the technology needs to be tested in real—world circumstances and this is what the police are doing in this situation. they have to test it and this
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could be useful in future. we all have something to worry about when the police are using intrusive biometric surveillance powers, that they don't have a legal basis to use and that they are doing largely in secret. that's a worry. these kinds of surveillance tools present some really broad concerns, and to simply say, i have nothing to hide, therefore i have nothing to fear, is to unconditionally submit to powers of government that are unchecked. and that is to say, whichever flavour of government comes in, would we be happy with biometric surveillance on our streets? i don't think we would. london's metropolitan police told us... they declined to comment on the effectiveness
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of the technology. that's slightly concerning, isn't it, especially if the software really is that inaccurate? and i guess we haven't had any kind of public debate about whether this technology should be used yet. no, not really. i mean, the police say there will be a public consultation. we asked them how long we would wait for that, and they said that would happen in due course. we checked parliamentary records, and although facial recognition has come up for debate within other bits of legislation around anti—terror laws, there has never been any specific debate around the use of facial recognition in public in the uk. meanwhile, the technology continues to advance and researchers are looking at even more complex and advanced algorithms for this sort of thing. just a couple of examples over the last month, cambridge university said they are developing a system
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which could potentially identify people with scarves over their faces or wearing hats, and stanford university in the us say they have developed algorithms that can look at the results of what comes in through the camera and determine somebody‘s sexual orientation. so, i mean, you're looking at something potentially in the future, when this technology starts to take off, where you could walk past the camera and you're automatically be added to a database. you wouldn't necessarily know about, and therefore, as your human rights may say, well, you can complain and get something done, you just wouldn't even know that it had happened. 0k, lots to talk about in the future, unsurprisingly. dan, thanks. from filming yourface to feeding it now, this is london's borough market, a foodie‘s paradise, stuffed to the gills with gourmet grub. this week, designers from the royal college of art
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alongside inventors have descended on this bustling street market to show off a host of gastronomic gadgets. first up, bottle openers that are supposed to make beer taste better with sound. according to ma student drew richards, the flavour will now appear better as a result of the satisfying sound. instead of mixing vast quantities of a recipe before unveiling it to the public, professor harris makatsoris from cranfield university has been experimenting with crowd—sourcing ingredients using a web game that mimics the stock market. having a large number of consumers playing the game, and in other words telling us what their preferences are for an energy drink, which we then took away and we created the formula. bottoms up. ma studentjun yeon cho has created cutlery with handles that can be heated,
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which claim to slow down child ren's eating habits. slower eating has been shown to make us feel fuller more quickly, and it is hoped that these snazzy knives and forks will do just that, encouraging healthier eating habits in children. and finally, over in the kitchen, students from the rca and nottingham university hope to capture those family recipes that have been passed down from generation to generation. by analysing video of visitors preparing food and collecting data from accelerometers attached to cooking utensils, recipes will be generated in order to record the way individuals prepare food. we believe that people are better able to articulate their preferences around food using their bodies. we're putting sensors in kitchen tools, and we capture those ideas and we develop a repository of recipes, which are a series of videos and sensor data. so those old family recipes may never be lost to the mists
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of time ever again. yeah, anyone else peckish now? hello and welcome to the week in tech. apple released a new version of their operating system, cunningly titled i0s11. google announced an £800 million deal with smartphone—maker htc, and transport for london said they will not renew the licence for ride—hailing company uber when it expires at the end of september. tfl said the company was not fit or proper to hold a licence. uber said it will appeal the decision. it was also the week that minister theresa may called for technology companies to go further and faster in removing extremist content from the web. the prime minister also called for social networks and search engines to take down terrorist materials within two hours of publication. and history was made this week as an electric vehicle broke a world record at travelling more than 1,000 miles on a single charge. the ao—foot—long test bus travelled 1,102 miles
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on a testing ground in indiana. the company behind the bus has not revealed how fast it was going, though, saying it travelled slow and steady. and a while ago, we told you about the tragic demise of our good friend, steve, the robot security guard who sadly perished in a washington fountain. well, steve's parents are back and have spawned a new breed. the k7 has been specifically designed to fight crime in large areas with difficult terrain. will it suffer the same ill fate as steve? 0nly steps will tell. ah, that is the smell of a killer! those were the words of london's mayor sadiq khan, who said that london's air pollution is way beyond acceptable levels. you can't really smell much, i know, but the health problems caused
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by petrol and diesel cars has caused france, the uk, now this week china, to consider banning them in the relatively near future. lara's up in a few minutes, to look at pollution in unexpected places, but first sumi das is off to west oakland near san francisco, another place with lots of diesel pollution and a lot of people with breathing problems. sumi das has been meeting the science and tech experts who are trying to pinpoint pollutants. can you see them? harmful pollutants — we can't detect them but this car can. inside is a minilab from environmental sensor start—up aclima, that monitors air quality. we mounted this system onto the street view camera platform that has both meteorological and inlets. this is where we actually sampled the gas and pollution as we are driving along. for one year, two street view cars, souped up with aclima attack,
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crisscrossed west oakland, california, roughly 12 square kilometres, bordered by freeways and home to a bustling port and families. 37,000km and some serious number—crunching later, researchers had this detailed pollution map. steven hamburg, of the environmental defence fund, a partner in the project, explains how. you need fast response instruments that are collectin data every second. and then you need the analytical capability to actually use that data to actually map it in a way that's just characterising that local spot. each dot represents around 30 metres. the colour represents air quality — the darker the dot, the dirtier the air. red dots cluster around hotspots like this metal recycling plant and this busy intersection. researchers hope this data will spur governments to start regulating. city officials could divert diesel vehicles away from schools or real—time traffic lights so lorries aren't idling. all this equipment crammed into this
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car, it's high—precision stuff and too pricey to put on a fleet of vehicles, so aclima developed a sensor system to measure pollution levels — that system will be about 100 times cheaper and about the size of a couple of shoe boxes. imagine adding air—pollution as a layer in your mapping app. it starts with the measurements, of course, and the number of times we would need to sample a region to get something which is baseline for that area, and then understanding the variability around that baseline. it's ambitious and a massive big data challenge. for now, aclima has a real—time tracking tool and that's more than just a breath of fresh air. it is easy to think of air as an outdoor issue, but maybe it is time we start to think
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about the air that we are breathing inside our homes. air pollution comes in many forms. in our homes, that includes outdoor polluted air coming in through open windows, as well as being caused by cooking, lighting candles, or the use of everyday products. so, to test a couple of the latest indoor air quality trackers, i have enlisted the help of professor roy anderson an expert who has his own kit at hand. first off, time to take a base reading. firstly we have this. this gives us three different pollutant measurements. it gives us particulate manner, but it is not telling us what size it measures. we are getting a little less than that on our device. five or micrograms per cubic metre
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but a plausible reading. and at this. in terms of air quality, it is measuring carbon dioxide. slightly strange because from a health perspective it is not one we are very concerned with. some health relevant pollutants will be about carbon dioxide, but others will not. although the professor did add this reading was too low to be plausible. for our first experiment, let's burn some toast. things are really peaking. those are very high concentrations. it is beijing—type air quality, not london. let's look at what the other devices have been tracking. it has not reacted at all to this smoking episode, but maybe burning toast does not generate much carbon dioxide, unless you set fire to it. there are enough. this one turned
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from blue to red halfway through the toast being made, so a new it there was a problem. it obviously knew there was a problem. what do you make of the readings? you look at the volatile organic compound, it has gone up tenfold and that is very possible. i'm surprised that the particular the matter has not responded. —— the particulate matter has still not responded. perhaps it is very slow. but we have an advantage of measuring pollutants that the device has given us more. on to experiment two and luckily the professor was happy to play a long. the hair spray did not cause a reaction from the c02 sensor, but it did alarm the foobot‘s centres. the hairspray alarmed the particulate matter. the main component of the hairspray is up to 8,400 so that has gone up a lot.
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it is not hugely high. what is very strange is the carbon dioxide has gone up to 30,000. why is this? it isa why is this? it is a level that would worry me to be breathing. it is hard to breathe here at the moment. it is a huge level. it is all very well to know the quality of the air but you may want to do something about it. a device like this aims to purify the air by tracking it, so it knows what the quality is, and if the quality is poor it will do more purifying and if the air quality is ok, then it can pause. the dyson pure cool link calling does come with a hefty price tag and this model is the size of not so small child. it filters that the air and disperses clean—air back into the room. clearly we had a spike in the pollution level that it has not gone as high
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as in the earlier experiment. i am impressed that it is coming down more quickly than i would have thought. we have moved from the ferry to poorer. —— very poor to poorer. my test seem to indicate the rather odd result that fixing the problem may prove simpler than actually monitoring it. that is for this week. don't forget, we live on facebook and twitter. check us out throughout this week and every week. thank you for watching and we will see you soon. hello there. a usable weather around
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today. foremost a dry picture and chasing cloud, so there will be sunshine developing. more likely to see rain in western areas tomorrow but the southerly wind means it is cooling. the breezes in northern ireland today, that things brighten with sunshine, but coastal gales caused to the west coast of scotland. north of scotland with sunshine and warmth and low cloud we have had in the self tending to lift and brighten up to feel warm. 18 or 20 celsius. evening and overnight period stays mostly dry and eastern areas but we will have patchy rain working across the irish sea into the west of england. i cannot a cold night but chillier than the night gonein night but chillier than the night gone in eastern areas. here we will see the highest average is developing in sunshine during sunday, we could see 2223 celsius. here is the rain for parts of wales, western england and across scotland. drying up later in the day for northern ireland but feeling fresher here. good afternoon. iran says it has successfully tested a new ballistic missile with a range
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of up to 1,200 miles. -- iran —— iran has successfully tested. the testing of the weapon, which can carry several warheads is likely to raise concerns in washington, just days after president trump attacked the country's missile programme in a speech at the united nations. here's our diplomatic correspondent caroline hawley. a show of power from tehran, a missile launched as
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