would, as he put it, visit the entire us mainland. the comments come as the us flew bombers and fighterjets over international waters east of north korea. iran says it has successfully tested a new ballistic missile with a range of 2,000 kilometres. the us has warned that tests could jeopardise the deal that ended sanctions in return for the halt of its nuclear programme. iran denies its missile development breaches the un resolution. mexico has been struck by another strong earthquake, the third in less than three weeks. the latest tremor measured 6.1 and was centred in the southern state of oaxaca. now on bbc news, it's time for click. this week, how safe is your face? pinpointing pollutants... and... i'm not sure you're
pointing that hairspray the right way, love. ..facial recognition. facial recognition. tech that can identify someone from their face is fast becoming a thing. this biometric id has been used together with passports at immigration control in airports. in dubai, they want to do this without the gates, allowing passengers to walk more easily through the airport. and it has also found its way into apps as an alternative to passwords. face recognition could be coming to shops.
in china, alibaba recently premiered their smile to pay system at kfc. unlike our passports, pin codes or passwords, our faces are on public display pretty much all the time. that makes it possible for the authorities or anyone else to automatically identify us in any public space — something you may not be surprised to hear they are quite interested in doing. dan simmons has been looking at the preparations made by several governments. to start, you've been to germany? yes, it seems we could be moving towards a biometric cctv sort of state. and one of the places where it is first happening, which may surprise you, is in berlin. catching a train in the german capital means you might be caught on cctv, perhaps while stamping your ticket. neither system automatically tracks your movements,
which at the least requires human intervention. but arrive at sudkruz, in the south of the city, your face will be scanned and analysed by computers. the testing of facial recognition systems began here last month. the authorities are not looking for criminals just yet. they aren't really looking for me, either. around 200 volunteers have had their faces scanned and been given a location tracker, so the authorities know when they pass through here and they can see how often the cameras can pick them up, just by looking at their faces. if the system's accurate enough, then it will be used much more widely — which, for many, would be a breach of privacy. being constantly monitored with no easy opt—out. the germans have a history of being watched. this old listening station in berlin
was how the west kept tabs on east germany. 0n the ground below, first the nazis and then the stasi kept files on the population. since the fall of the berlin wall in 1989 and the decommissioning of id checkpoints, berliners have been fiercely protective of their privacy. what has changed is that a new threat has replaced the old. police controlled the crowds in the aftermath of a terrorist attack. a truck mowed down shoppers in berlin, 12 were killed and more than 50 injured. at this time, cctv is still not widely used in public. three months later, the government passed new laws to extend their use and the face—recognition pilot was given the go—ahead. despite the trial offering a route that passengers can take to avoid
the cameras, the country's data commissioner and top lawyers have expressed concern about germany moving towards a surveillance state. no—one is saying facial recognition couldn't help catch criminals but the public doesn't seem to have been asked. as germany goes to the polls, one member of the coalition in power told me he wasn't consulted about the trial and the technology has not been publicly debated in parliament. it does not bring more security. it is just collecting data, more and more. you don't know who, when, where this data may be used. it is a pill they tried to give it to the people which doesn't have effect because it doesn't solve the problems. proponents of the scheme point to the dip in crime following the installation
of cctv in 2011. we asked both the german interior ministry and the police authority for an interview and to take a look at the technology, but both declined, so we asked some travellers. i don't trust the system. i don't trust this new development. like, everybody should be tracked and scanned. they showed on television that if you have a cap on or sunglasses, it doesn't work anymore, so maybe not so much. but if it catches one, we are very happy. it really shows that it will help, then i will be ok with it. in the hope that there is no misuse and nojust collecting tracking data. if those worries are widespread, it is not looking good. questions hang over whether the german police fabricated their records on the man behind december‘s terror attack to make
them look good. and earlier this month, a privacy international report said 21 eu member states, including germany, are still unlawfully collecting and retaining personal data. who's watching the watchers? that may be the key question if the technology proves its worth. 0k, first up, we are tracked by our phones every day anyway. what is the big concern around facial recognition? with our phones, we can possibly turn them off or opt to carry a more basic model. we do have some choice. it tends to be companies that collect data. so when the police or the state require that information, they do so on a case—by—case basis. the concern here is that if we introduce facial recognition, as we have cctv, there would be a very broad database,
a sea rchable data base, to find out where each person was and with whom, whenever they were in public. 0k. to be fair, it is just a trial. this has not been released yet? no, it is a trial, absolutely. just on those 250 volunteers and in public, where they are captured on camera. there is another capital city where this technology is already being used by the police to look for real suspects? yes, here in london, where the most recent trials took carnival time in notting hill. tens of thousands gathered, and were monitored above and by above and by officers on the ground. there were facial recognition cameras — and, unlike in berlin, the london trial is not as visible to the public. the officers are using it to spot real suspects. the metropolitan police declined to show us the technology or to give us an interview, so we spoke
to a human rights expert who was invited to witness what happened. in the ten minutes that i viewed facial recognition in action, i saw two misidentifications. in fact, both of them wrongly identified an innocent woman walking past as a wanted man from the police data base. right, they didn't even get the gender right. those are false positives — are the police concerned about that? they weren't worried about that. however, they were running it for four days. they told us that they had made many false positives. the system had produced many false positives. she says officers told her they had made one correct match in the four days of use. believed to i met view this as a success. as long as they can prove that the software works, it can make a positive match,
even if it is making a0 incorrect matches, then it works. that's not a scientific approach. there is no balance or proportionality, let alone the civil liberties issues. that is not a success, to our view. some people will say that the technology needs to be tested in real—world circumstances and this is what the police are doing in this situation. they have to test it and it could be useful in the future. we all have something to worry about when the police are using intrusive biometric surveillance powers, and that they are doing largely in secret. but these kinds of surveillance tools present some really broad concerns and to simply say "i have nothing to hide, therefore i have nothing to fear" is to unconditionally submit to powers of government that are unchecked. and that is to say, whichever
flavour of government comes in, would we be happy with biometric surveillance? i don't think we would. london's metropolitan police told us: they declined to comment on the effectiveness of the technology. that is slightly concerning, isn't it — especially if the software really is that inaccurate? and i guess we haven't had any kind of public debate about whether this technology should be used. no, not really. i mean, the police say there will be a public consultation. we asked them how long we would wait for that, and they said it would happen in due course. so we checked parliamentary records and although facial recognition has
come up for debate within other bits of legislation around anti—terror laws, there has never been any specific debate around the use of facial recognition in public in the uk. meanwhile, the technology continues to advance and researchers are looking at even more complex technologies. in the last month, cambridge said they are developing a system which could potentially identify people with scarves over their faces or wearing hats, and stanford university in the us say they have developed algorithms that can look at the results of what comes through the camera and determine somebody‘s sexual orientation. you are looking at something potentially in the futurem when this technology starts to take off, where you could walk past the camera and automatically be added to a database you would not
necessarily know about. and therefore, as your human rights woudl say, you could complain and get something done, but you wouldn't even know that it had happened. a lot to talk about in the future. thank you. from filming yourface to feeding it now — this is london's borough markets. a foodies paradise, stuffed to the gills with gourmet grub. but this week, designers from the royal college of art alongside inventors have descended on this bustling street market to show off a host of gastronomic gadgets. first up, bottle openers that are supposed to make beer tastes better. according to one student, the flavour will be better as a result of the satisfying sound. instead of mixing vast quantities of a recipe before unveiling it to the public, this professor has been experimenting
with crowd—sourcing ingredients using a game that mimics the stock market. having a large number of consumers and playing the game, and in other words telling is what their preferences are, which we took away and we are creating the formula. bottoms up. brilliant! this student has created cutlery with handles that can be heated, which claimed to slow down child ren‘s eating habits. slower eating has been shown to make us feel for more quickly. it is hoped that these knives and forks will do just that, encouraging healthier eating habits in children. and finally, over in the kitchen, students hope to capture family recipes that have been passed down from generation to generation by analysing video of visitors preparing food and collecting data attached to cooking utensils. recipes will be generated to record
the way individuals prepare food. we believe people are better able to articulate their preferences around food using their bodies. we are putting sensors in kitchen tools to capture those ideas and developing a repository of recipes using the data. so those old family recipes need never be lost in the midst of time ever again. yeah, anyone else peckish now? hello and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that apple released a new version of their operating system — cunningly titled i0s11. google announced an £800 million deal with smartphone maker htc and transport for london said they will not renew the licence for ride—hailing company uber when it expires at the end of september. tfl said the company was not fit or proper to hold a license. uber said it will appeal the decision. it was also the week that prime minister theresa may called for technology companies to go
further and faster in removing extremist content from the web. the prime minister also called for social networks and search engines to find ways to take down terrorist materials within two hours of publication. and history was made this week as an electric vehicle broke a world record by travelling more than 1000 miles on a single charge. the ao—foot—long test bus travelled 1102 miles on a testing ground in indiana. the company has not revealed how fast it was going, though, saying only that it travelled slow and steady. and a while ago, we told you about the tragic demise of our good friend steve, the robot security car who sadly perished in a washington fountain. well, steve's parents are back and have spawned a new breed. the k7 has been specifically designed to fight crime in large
areas with difficult terrain. will it suffer the same ill fate as steve? 0nly steps will tell. "ah, that is the smell of a killer!" those the words of london's mayor, sadiq khan, who said that london's air pollution is way beyond acceptable levels. you cannot really smell much, i know, but the health problems are caused by petrol and diesel cars have caused france, the uk and now this week china to consider banning them in the relatively near future. laura is up, in a few minutes, to look at pollution in unexpected places. but first, sumi das is off to west oakland, near san francisco — another place with lots of diesel pollution and a lot of people with breathing problems. we have been meeting the science and tech experts who are trying
to pinpoint pollutants. can you see them? harmful pollutants. we cannot detect them, but this google street view car can. inside is a minilab from environmental sensor start—up aclima that monitors air quality. we have this system that we've mounted onto the street view camera platform that has both meteorological instrumentation as well as the inlets. this is where we actually sample the gas, the pollution, as we're driving along. for one year, two street view cars, supped up with aclima tech, criss—crossed west oakland, california — roughly 12 square kilometres — bordered by freeways and home to a bustling port and families. 37,000 kilometres and some serious number crunching later, researchers had this detailed pollution map. steven hamburg, of the environmental defense fund — a partner in the project — explains how. you need fast response instruments that are collecting data every second, and then you need the analytical capability to actually then use that data
to actually map it in a way that is just characterising that local spot. each dot represents about 30 metres. the colour indicates air quality. the darker the dot, the dirtier the air. red dots cluster around hotspots, like this metal recycling plant and this busy intersection. researchers hope this data will spur governments to start regulating — city officials could divert diesel vehicles away from schools, or retime traffic lights so lorries aren't idling. all this equipment, crammed into this car, it is high precision stuff and it's pricey — too pricey to put on a fleet of vehicles, so aclima developed a sensor system to measure pollution levels. that system will be about 100 times cheaper and about the size of a couple of shoe boxes. imagine adding air pollution as a layer in your mapping app. it starts with the measurement, of course. the number of times we would need
to sample a region to get something that we feel is baseline for that area and then understanding the variability around that baseline. it's ambitious and a massive big data challenge. for now, aclima has a real—time tracking tool and that is more than just a breath of fresh air. it is easy to think of air quality as an outdoor issue but maybe it is time that we start to think about the air that we are breathing inside our own homes. air pollution comes in many forms. in our homes that includes outdoor polluted air coming in through open windows as well as being caused by cooking, lighting candles, burning incense or the use of everyday products. so to test a couple of the latest indoor air quality trackers,
i have enlisted the help of professor roy harrison, an expert on the matter who also has his professional air quality monitor kit to hand. first off, time to take a base reading. firstly we have the foobot. this gives us three different pollutant measurements. it gives us particular matter. except that it is not telling us what size fraction it's measuring. we are getting a little less than that on our device. we're getting between 5 and 10 micrograms per cubic metre. but it looks like a very plausible reading. and netatmo's healthy home coach. in terms of air quality, this device is measuring carbon dioxide. slightly strange because, from a health perspective, it is not one of the pollutants we are very concerned with. some health—releva nt pollutants will be high in carbon dioxide but others won't. although the professor did add this reading was two low to be plausible.
for our first experiment, let's burn some toast. things are really peaking. there's quite a reaction there to burnt toast. those are very high concentrations. it's sort of beijing—type air quality, in here at the moment, not london. so let's take a look at what the other device has been tracking, the netatmo. so actually, no, it has not reacted at all to this smoking episode but then burning toast does not generate much carbon dioxide, unless you actually set fire to it. fair enough. the foobot turned from blue to red, half way through that so it obviously knew there was a problem. what do you make of the readings? if we look at the volatile organic compounds, that has gone up about tenfold and that is very plausible. i'm just surprised that the particulate matter, which is still reading 17.5, has not responded. maybe it is a very slow, i don't know, but you do have the advantage that you're measuring three pollutants and the device is giving us a grade warning. on to experiment two and luckily the professor was happy
to play along. the hairspray did not cause a reaction from the netatmo c02 sensor, whilst it did alarm the foobot triple sensors. it is responding to the particulate matter. the volatile organic compounds, which would be the main component of the hairspray is up to 8,400 so that has gone up a lot for the background. it's not hugely high. what is very strange is the carbon dioxide has gone up to 30,000. which is a level that would worry me to be breathing, quite honestly. it is a little hard to breathe in here at the moment. it is a huge level. it is all very well to knowing the quality of the air you are breathing but you may
want to do something about it. a device like this aims to purify the air by first of all tracking it, so it knows what the quality is, at any given time and if the quality is poor it will do more purifying to bring it up to a good level and if the air quality is ok, then it can pause. the dyson pure cool link does come with a hefty price tag and this model is the size of not so small child. its motor aims to draw the polluted air into the device before filtering it and dispersing the clean—air back into the room. clearly we had a spike in the pollution level but it has not gone as high as in our earlier spraying experiment. i am impressed that it is coming down very much more quickly than before. and we've moved from very "poor" to "core" on here. my tests seem to indicate the rather odd result that fixing the problem may prove simpler than actually monitoring it. that was laura and before that sumi das in california. that is for this week. don't forget, we live on facebook and on twitter. check us out throughout this week and every week. thanks for watching and we will see you soon. hi there.
yesterday, we had two types of weather through the afternoon. for a number of places, northern ireland, scotland, northern england, it stayed rather cloudy. this was one scene in buttermere, in cumbria. other places had glorious sunshine. good parts of southern england, and the midlands, and into wales had the best of that. where the sunshine came out, it became warm, with temperatures up to 21 celsius. that is 70 in fahrenheit. notably, across scotland, around the moray firth, temperatures were about six degrees above average for this time of year. looking at the weather, as we start the day today, we have a band of rain pushing east. as it does so, it will
bump into high—pressure across scandinavia and europe. so it will be a slow—moving front. quite often, it will be weak as well. starting with a band of rain to start the day for western scotland. damp in northern ireland, and spits and spots of rain across west wales, devon, and cornwall, too. 12 to 15 degrees in towns and cities. across central england it should stay dry with sunny spells all day. high cloud in the sky will make it hazy at times. you can see the rain does not move far from where it starts. it gradually trickles into central areas of scotland, with cloud breaks for eastern scotland, sunny spells will come through from time to time. northern ireland perhaps brightening up in the afternoon. across wales and south—west england, sunshine at a premium, quite often be cloudy with patches of rain. not rain all the time, but some on and off through the day. central and eastern england in the sunshine will be warmer. temperatures 22—23 celsius for a high. going through sunday evening, it looks like the rain will be pepping up.
more persistent across scotland, western england and wales. we will see some fog patches form underneath underneath clearing skies in northern ireland, where things will turn out quite chilly. it could be a murky start there on monday. monday morning, that fog will clear away slowly in northern ireland. this band of rain will weaken across scotland, west england and wales. after a cloudy start across eastern england, the cloud break up with sunny spells throughout. temperatures for most of us between 16—19 degrees celsius with that sunshine coming through northern ireland. once the fog clears out of the way. looking at the next few days, often the weather will be dry in the week ahead. warm as well with sunny spells. but a band of rain is coming through on
thursday. and that's your weather. bye for now. this is bbc news. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: heading to the polls — germany prepares to vote for a new government with angela merkel widely expected to win a fourth term. the war of words hots up with north korea's foreign minister launching a blistering attack on president trump at the united nations. it comes as iran test—fires a new medium—range missile days after a warning from the united states. rescuers in mexico are forced to suspend their search efforts