this is bbc news. the headlines at 3... theresa may says she's resilient and won't hide from a challenge, amid tory infighting. the former deputy prime minister, lord heseltine, says there's growing pressure on her leadership. what does theresa may do by taking control of it herself? the split won't go away, the party won't unite. the country won't unite. it simply puts her further and deeper into difficulties. as the snp's annual conference gets under way in glasgow, nicola sturgeon says she will commit to exploring all options to secure eu citizens' status in scotland. tens of thousands of people show their support for the spanish government, with demonstrations against independence for catalonia. after leaving a trail of devastation across central america, hurricane nate moves inland in the south east of the united states. also in the next hour... the royal foundation announces
a £2 million grant to help find digital solutions to mental health problems. it's the largest investment ever made by the charitable trust of the duke and duchess of cambridge and prince harry. the president of afghanistan talks about the scale of the challenges facing his country in the world's most difficultjob. that's in half an hour. good afternoon and welcome to bbc news. the former prime minister, sirjohn major, has weighed into the debate over theresa may's future, calling those conservatives who are seeking to undermine the prime minister
self—absorbed and disloyal. mrs may has admitted her difficult speech at the party conference last week had been uncomfortable for her but says she's resilient and determined to carry on in the job. here's our political correspondent, susana mendonca. and there is some flash photography in her report. if i win, i shall continue as prime minister... fending off the plotters was a full—time job for sirjohn major. when he was prime minister, he faced a leadership election and won. more than two decades on, he's now coming to the defence of theresa may against those plotting to take her down. writing in a sunday newspaper, sirjohn said, "the country has had enough of the self absorbed and frankly disloyal behaviour seen among some in the conservative party", and he urged party members involved to "focus their minds instead on the needs of the british people, rather than on their own personal ambition". the deficit is back to precrisis levels.
theresa may's speech to her party conference was beset with problems. it sounds as if my voice isn't on track. now the prime minister has admitted that that speech was uncomfortable, but insisted she was resilient and determined to keep going, and senior colleagues have joined calls for the plotters who want her out to pipe down. it's all about delivering for the country. it's not and should never be about private ambition. are you fully behind the prime minister? long viewed as being in the running as a potential successor, the foreign secretary, borisjohnson, has joined the chorus of cheerleaders for the prime minister, after weeks of accusations that he was attempting to undermine her. he's come out this week to say that he's fully behind every dot, comma and t and words of the florence speech. do you believe him? well, i want to see the prime minister hold him to that. the steam appears to have gone out of a plot by former party chairman grant shapps to unseat theresa may, but now some are calling for a reshuffle. she needs to stamp her foot down. that's a reshuffle, is it? i think one of the ways to do that is to have a reshuffle, also to bring in some
of the brilliant talent, as well, that we had post—2010. downing street says talk of a reshuffle is just speculation, but after what's been a gruelling week, the prime minister may be hoping for some time for quiet contemplation over what to do next. susana mendonca, bbc news. the former conservative deputy prime minister lord heseltine says the current situation for the prime minister is unsustainable and that we could see a general election much sooner than anticipated. i think there is a deep division in the conservative party that has been there for some time, but it has now erupted in public gaze and the brexit agenda is going to dominate the next couple of years, with all, in my view, the deteriorating news that it will produce. what does the prime minister do? you have only got
to read today's newspapers or yesterday's to realise the present situation is unsustainable. she can either, so to speak, retract and abandon brexit but the party will not let her do that, so there is only one alternative, to go forward under attack. that seems to me inevitable. it would mean a reshuffle. high—profile, very dangerous, because you create more enemies by a reshuffle. she will find it extremely difficult to divert the media and the gossip away from brexit. but there are things that she could do. and the housing agenda is one. ourfailing schools is another. she should get on with the devolution agenda to embrace the enthusiasm of the whole country are not just parts of enthusiasm of the whole country are notjust parts of it. she should address the skills shortages. but they have to be done with the determination and with a leadership
which is very difficult at the moment for her to produce. she clearly wa nts. .. moment for her to produce. she clearly wants... it is the most unenviable position. she clearly wa nts to unenviable position. she clearly wants to get the policy issues front and centre again rather than the discussion of her leadership. but as you say, the media is reporting it because that is coming from within the conservative party. do you agree with sirjohn major who said today that those seeking to question theresa may's leadership are disloyal and self absorbed ? theresa may's leadership are disloyal and self absorbed? well, i served as john's disloyal and self absorbed? well, i served asjohn's deputy disloyal and self absorbed? well, i served as john's deputy for some yea rs. served as john's deputy for some years. they were there then and it was exactly the same. one has to face up to this, that in democracies, there are people with strong views and there is a certain integrity in pursuing those views. the great historic examples of people who have fought the conventional wisdom. but they are there. i do not know any way in
which they can be silenced. and i do not know... issue the right person to lead the party at the moment in your opinion? she is not going to lead the party into the next election and i believe it is much sooner than people are anticipating, i think. two years is about the timescale. but what she could do is to open up the debate about who the leadership should past two and of course, as i say, that is a reshuffle and it is a very dangerous policy but i do not know what choice she has got. there does need to be a focus on the younger generation, the great gap in the tories in the younger voters, it is very serious. i think there is a certain boredom about the rather stereotyped arguments over brexit that are continuing. but let us not escape the simple fact, brexit is the
overarching issue of our time and it is hugely damaging to the unity of the conservative party. let us explore the point you were making about a reshuffle. you say it brings with it its own dangers. but would that be an opportunity for theresa may to sack borisjohnson? do you think that is what she should do, despite his call yesterday for mps to circle the wagons around her? well, boris is very flexible in his approaches to these matters. the serious thing is that quite rightly in my view, theresa may put three brexiteers in charge of the negotiations. they would never have forgiven her if she had done anything else. all of the gossip is quite clear, she wants to move boris who has had very unfortunate effects asa who has had very unfortunate effects as a foreign secretary overseas, she has taken away david davis's principal civil servant to put him in numberio principal civil servant to put him in number 10 because she wants to do it herself, and liam fox, frankly,
is obscure. it has been a disaster, putting the brexiteers in charge. but the fact of the matter is, the insecurity the europeans now see in the domestic situation here makes it hardly worth their time to take the negotiations seriously. so what does theresa may do by taking control of it herself? the split will not go away, the party will not unite, the country won't unite, it simply puts her father ran deeper into the difficulties. lord heseltine, speaking to me a little while ago —— further and deeper into the difficulties. the deputy first minister of scotland, john swinney, has opened the snp conference in glasgow, saying his party is the only progressive political option for scottish voters. brexit and the rights of eu citizens living and working in scotland is expected to loom large on the agenda throughout the three—day event in glasgow. speaking earlier, mr swinney outlined his party's achievements. at the heart of everything that we
do, at the heart of who we are, a fundamental truth, power should be applied for the common good and exercised with principle. it is that ethos that power is your snp government, it led us to make university education free, delivering record numbers accepted universities and record numbers from the poorest backgrounds too. it led us to halt labour and the tories creeping privatisation of the nhs, keeping the nhs is firmly in public hands. it led us to set one leading climate change target and we have already reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 41% —— it led us to set a world leading. applause earlier this week, it was that ethos that lead poll we host to announce a ban on fracking in scotland. —— that
led paul wheelhouse to announce a ban on fracking in scotland. cheering applause conference, paul considered the detail, he asked the hard questions of both sides of the argument, he listen to the people and he took the decision anchored in the national interest. that is the mark and style of our party, the national party that takes decisions in the national interest of scotla nd decisions in the national interest of scotland at all times. applause every conference brings scrutiny of the position of political parties and ours is no different. at this point in ourfirst and ours is no different. at this point in our first government back in october, 2008, we were pulling
about 38%. not bad. but by this point in our second government, we had hit 40%. point in our second government, we had hit a0%. getting better. but now, ten years into government, what is our most recent polling number? it is 42%. in fact... applause in fact, a lead over our nearest rival is a stonking i7%, five times what it was in 2008 and double what it was in 2012. our party commands that support because we stayed close to the people, we listen to them and we act in the national interest of scotland. applause in amongst all of the polling, scottish labour has descended into
infantile name—calling and the tories have flirted with the cabinet coup against theresa may. labour and tories are not so much locked in a battle for the future of this nation, but in a battle for who can break first. the antics of boris johnson, labour's leadership contest, theresa may's p45, things have gone from the ridiculous that the bizarre. friends, there is chaos on the left and there is chaos on the right and threw it all, the snp government stands firm, a beacon of progressive effective government delivering for all of the people of scotland. let us get reaction now from glasgow. joining me now from glasgow is our scotland correspondent, james shaw. good afternoon. despite the polls butjohn swinney was talking about, we saw the snp lose seats in the local and general elections earlier
this year. apart from that, do you think the party now is positioned to benefit from portraying itself as this study, progressive party, summer in the middle? —— somewhere. chaos on the left and right, he is talking about, will it benefit from the portrayal he to the conference today? that is what john swinney and the other leaders, particularly nicola sturgeon, first minister, leader of the snp, that is what they will be hoping they can cut a swathe through the middle, asjohn swinney said, he described them as their only progressive party of government in the united kingdom. but there is this situation whereby they lost a lot of votes, a lot of mps. 21 mps at the last general election. they can feel in scotland labour and the conservatives breathing down their necks, a big resurgence for the conservatives. a little bit of a
resurgence for labour as well. while the snp might feel they are well placed, in particular in scotland, there is this renewed threat from there is this renewed threat from the traditional parties of the left and right. the difficulty that they have, i think, and right. the difficulty that they have, ithink, is and right. the difficulty that they have, i think, is that the first minister, because of those problems, has put independence on hold, she has put independence on hold, she has said they will not think about it until the back end of next year. but the problem is that for rank—and—file members of the snp, the people at the conference today, independents in many cases, the most important thing in politics for them. whatjohn swinney also said is that the party would rededicate itself to the cause of independence. how do they do that when independence is on hold? his argument is you focus on domestic policies, he talked about that a lot, you strengthen scotland, you convince people against the snp is a solid party of government, and that is the way to find your path to
independence. but the question of the referendum has receded a lot. some significant figures in the party say the referendum should not happen until after the next scottish elections in 2021. there is a question, i think, elections in 2021. there is a question, ithink, and elections in 2021. there is a question, i think, and anxiety among some members as to when and if a next referendum is going to happen. that said, james, briefly, how much will we hear about brexit over the next three days? it looms over everything. it has loomed over all of the previous party conferences and this will not be any different. a little off from nicola sturgeon earlier when she said she would subsidise eu citizens who want to stay in scotland after brexit. not a big policy commitment, but symbolic of the fact nicola sturgeon and the snp want to be seen as a party which welcomes eu citizens, it wants them to stay after brexit happens. james, thank you. the headlines on bbc news...
theresa may insists she is determined to continue as prime minister despite moves by conservative rebels to force her to resign. scotland's deputy first minister, john swinney, has opened the snp conference, saying the party will build on its policies for scotla nd will build on its policies for scotland including housing and public services. and tens of thousands of people show their support for the spanish government with demonstrations against independence the catalonia. tens of thousands of people are showing their support for the spanish government today, with demonstrations against independence for catalonia. the pro—unity rally is taking place on the streets of barcelona, the heart of the independence movement. the spanish prime minister has said he will not allow the region to declare independence under any circumstances. gavin lee has sent this report from barcelona.
these are the so—called silent majority, now in full voice, taking to the streets of barcelona, uniting under the colours of the rojigualda — spain's nationalflag. many here refused to vote in catalonia's banned independence referendum. the result was 90% in favour of independence, but more than half of the voting population stayed away from the polling stations. they're here calling for unity. people here are saying once and forever that we want to be free to speak our minds, we want to be heard, to say that catalonia is spain. we want to show people that not everyone in catalonia wants the independence. as you can see, there are a lot of people that want spain and catalonia to be together. there has been a week of demonstrations, pro—independence, those calling for dialogue, but the spanish government is claiming this is
the biggest by far — and it is huge. streets have been blocked off, and coaches coming in from elsewhere in spain can't get here, but those who are supporting independence are saying, stay indoors today, don't add to these numbers, and then we'll see the real support on both sides. the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, was unflinching when he spoke. translation: have the absolute reassurance that the government will prevent any declaration of independence from turning into something. spain will continue to be spain, and it will continue being spain for a very long time. 4000 national police officers have been drafted to the region, though since the violence at the banned referendum, they have all been forced to leave catalan hotels, staying in military bases instead. as well as the divide on the streets, there are reports that the catalan government is also divided over the next steps it will take. according to a government source,
if there are no negotiations by tuesday, when the catalan president, carles puigdemont, addresses parliament, unilateral independence may be declared two days after that. earlier, my colleague spoke to gavin lee who was with the pro—unity demonstration. the silent majority of 950,000 people. according to the organisers, the pro—union organisation who have just announced the figure in the past few minutes, very hard to know, but i have been here for the past week and a half, i have seen the crowds at the other demonstrations, the pro—independence demonstrations, they were much smaller than this. there are coaches and buses that cannot get five miles near the city because all of the streets in downtown barcelona are blocked. you can see the spanish flags, the rojigualda, the catalan
flags, people saying they are rallying to the government call to be here today together to say they want to stay united. bear this in mind as well because it is about what images go around the world, support the government or the independence movement, the independence supporters are being urged to stay indoors. they do not want to add to the numbers. the other thing to bear in mind, there are 7.5 million people living here and at the same time a lot of people being bussed in from madrid and elsewhere and it is very hard to calculate. listen to the noise. a realfiesta, celebrations, it is not violence, people feared that, but at the moment, it is songs despite that, on tuesday, the catalan parliament, it is expected there will be a declaration of independence.
i'm struggling to hear you. these are the next steps. we have had another comment by the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, unflinching, uncompromising, even if it means extreme action legally, they will make sure the catalan government cannot have independence. he said spain is spain and will always be spain for the future. what the catalan government are saying is come tuesday, carles puigdemont will announce in parliament the next steps. thursday, that will be the declaration of unilateral independence. here is the caveat. they want to negotiate, they want to create room for a legal referendum, so this is what happens if they do not have that. this will go on through the day today. gavin reporting from barcelona. hurricane nate has hit the united states, bringing torrential rain and powerful winds to communities along the southern coast. since making landfall, its winds are weakening and it
has now been downgraded to a tropical storm. but weather officials warn the threat of dangerous storm surges remain. after claiming at least 30 lives in central america, it became the fourth major storm to make landfall in the us this year. anisa kadri reports. as it approached, hurricane nate promised strong winds and torrential rain. it hit the gulf coast of the united states, causing flooding in parts of mississippi, alabama, florida and louisiana, where people have been ordered to evacuate. although it is weakening, the impact is still being felt. we are still seeing wind gusts between 70 and 80 mph. we have water coming up on most of our roadways, about two miles inland. so we've got about seven to ten feet of storm surge. so our first responders are kind of overwhelmed right now. the force of nature has already
devastated central america, killing at least 25 people. in nicaragua, honduras and costa rica, where hundreds of thousands of people are reported to be without running water. and scenes like these have become all too familiar in the past few months. after back—to—back hurricanes, irma and maria, people in the caribbean have been left without homes, power or clean water. visiting the islands to see the damage, the united nations secretary—general had a stark message. it is clear — warmer climate means more hurricanes and more devastating hurricanes and we need to do everything to stop this. we need to make sure that the paris agreement on climate change is implemented, and more, as the paris is not enough, that enhanced commitments are made by all countries around the world, in order to make sure that we are able to dominate this very dramatic evolution. people in new orleans,
who remember the devastation of hurricane katrina 12 years ago, did what they could to prepare themselves for the impact of nate. but early indications are that they have been spared the worst. some americans are seeing nate as a near miss, as it is been downgraded from a hurricane to a tropical storm, but there are still warnings of life—threatening storm surge flooding. the duke of cambridge and prince harry have been very open about their own experiences with mental health issues and set up their charity heads together to encourage people to speak out. now they've announced the next phase of their mission — a £2 million investment fund to help improve the nation's mental health through technology. our royal correspondent, sarah campbell, has finding out more. in the run—up to the london marathon, the younger royals' focus was almost exclusively centred on heads together — the campaign they founded which aims to improve
the nation's mental health. in april, thousands took up the challenge to run the 26 miles and in doing so, help to raise awareness of an issue that affects millions of people. this has been an unapologetically personal mission, with the princes opening up in a way they hadn't previously. do you think we've made enough of an impact, or a stepping stone, into the schools area at a younger age? i think we are making good progress. so, has it worked? in a high—tech suite in imperial college london, prince william was shown survey data which indicates their campaign has encouraged more people, and particularly men, to talk about mental health issues. and evidence from the partner charities which make up heads together suggests a significant impact. the mental health charity, mind, had its busiest ever day with 58% more calls the day after the marathon. place2be, which focusses
on children's mental health, has seen a 148% increase in their downloads to schools. and young minds saw a 15% increase in calls to their parents helpline around the time of the marathon. phase one of the heads together campaign was about starting the conversation on mental health. now it is moving on to phase two, which is about practical solutions to keep the conversation going. starting with a £2 million grant from the royal foundation to fund digital ways to help people cope with mental health issues. digital allows us to open up the timescale that people can access stuff, so a lot of people struggle late at night with their mental health, and it's very difficult for traditional services to stay open. could a digital intervention start working in that space, so there's always someone you can talk to? as well as digital projects, heads together will focus on mental health in schools, workplaces, and the military, with this issue remaining at the very top of the agenda of the royals. thank you all very much. pleasure. sarah campbell, bbc news. mental health staff in the uk
are working in a powder keg environment, as assaults by patients soar, according to a bbc investigation. figures obtained by 5 live investigates show there were more than 42,000 reported attacks on staff over the last year. they included a healthcare assistant who was stabbed to death, and a worker having part of their thumb bitten off. the department of health says it's supporting mental health staff and plans to create 21,000 new posts by 2021. the number of women having surgery to prevent breast cancer could be cut by a third, according to the scientists behind a new gene test being developed in manchester. the scientists hope that, if proved successful, it could be rolled out across the nhs. our health correspondent, jenny walrond, reports. it's sometimes known as the angelina jolie gene. the actress had surgery to remove her breast tissue and ovaries after learning
she had a gene mutation. one in 400 of us have it. women who test positive for the brca mutations are told their risk of breast cancer is up to 87%, but the risk could, in reality, be much lower. scientists have developed a test that looks at 18 genetic variants that can affect the likelihood of having breast cancer. using these common variant tests and putting them all together in a package means that we can get far better, far more accurate ideas about the risks women are likely to have in their lifetime. this research could make a huge difference to the choices made by women with a family history of breast cancer. scientists here believe it could cut the number of patients having risk—reducing surgery by a third. the more that we learn about the genetic components behind these increased risks of developing breast cancer in women who have got
a family history of the disease, the better they can make choices about their health, so that hopefully in the future fewer people will be diagnosed with breast cancer. the new test is likely to be available on the nhs in manchester in around six months for women at high risk. they want it to be available eventually for all women, and also hope they can extend their work to understand how our genes affect our chances of developing other cancers. jenny walrond, bbc news, manchester. time for a look at the weather now. after many of us enjoyed a sunny sunday, a cloudy monday on the horizon, as we weather fronts move across the uk. one of them overnight will take cloud eastwards, some outbreaks of rain, especially in scotland. in the northern half of the uk it could be a bit drizzly at