this is bbc news. i'm tim willcox. our top stories: the us calls for calm after iraqi government forces seize control of the oil—rich northern city of kirkuk. thousands take part in a vigil in malta for a leading investigative journalist murdered by a car bomb. three days of national mourning in portugal after at least 36 people are killed in deadly forest fires. hello, i'm sally bundall quit the business stories. —— with. drama in the high skies: european planemaker airbus takes a majority stake in bombardier‘s c seriesjets. is this enough to dodge us sanctions? video—streaming pioneer netflix has done it again: more people are paying to tune in to programmes like the latest season of narcos. the us state department has called
for calm after iraqi government forces seized the northern city of kirkuk and nearby oil fields from kurdish control. the kurdish flag was pulled down in the centre of the city, where it has flown for the past three years. it comes just three weeks after iraqi kurds voted to split from iraq and take the oil—rich city with them, and deals a huge blow to kurdish ambitions for statehood. from kirkuk, our middle east correspondent orla guerin and cameraman duncan stone sent this report. pledging to defend kirkuk. peshmerga fighters began the day with defiance, but this small band was no match for iraqi tanks. nor were the locals, armed with whatever came to hand.
we lost 2,000 men fighting is, he says. we're not afraid of the iraqi prime minister. but that's not how it looked deeper in the city. a checkpoint on the outskirts now a tense new front line. the kurds, who fought is with iraqi forces, now fearing an attack by theirformer allies. locals said they were closing in. shia militia units linked, to the iraqi government, out of sight behind these buildings. then this. gunfire we had to scramble for cover. gunfire
we suddenly had to pull back. there was a sustained outburst of gunfire at the position up ahead. we can't be sure where it came from but it seemed to be coming from ahead of us, from positions where we were told there were iraqi military forces. and in the last few seconds, we've heard gunfire also up ahead. as kirkuk slipped out of kurdish hands, an exodus began. desperate civilians heading north towards the autonomous kurdish region, many eager to escape the feared shia militias. it looked like the city was emptying before our eyes. we met peshmerga volunteers heading to kirkuk, asking why the world had abandoned the kurds again. there's a feeling the kurds have been betrayed one more time. the world is just silent when it comes to the kurds.
it's not fair. this lone fighter arrived to help. all he could do was try to organise the retreat. but he insisted last month's independence vote by the kurds was the right move, though it angered baghdad, and triggered all this. by evening, an iraqi victory parade. there is an ethnic mix in the city, and some locals welcomed the troops. but the winner here may be the so—called islamic state, whose enemies in iraq are now fighting each other. 0rla guerin, bbc news, northern iraq. dozens of militants of the so—called islamic state group have been killed in us airstrikes in yemen.
the pentagon says us forces carried out attacks on two training camps in the central region of al bayda, inflicting a serious blow to the group's ability to train new fighters. jihadist groups have used the instability created by more than two years of civil war to seize territory in yemen. thousands of people have taken part in a vigil in malta for a journalist murdered on monday by a powerful car bomb. daphne caruana galizia was a leading investigative journalist, a thorn in the side of the establishment and the criminal underworld. she'd highlighted alleged corruption by senior politicians, including malta's prime minister, who has denied any wrongdoing. it's not known who carried out the attack. andrew plant has the story. the wreckage of a car in the distance — daphne caruana galizia was driving near her home on monday afternoon when the bomb went off. in the foreground here, the site of the explosion,
powerful enough to blow her car off the road. it ended up in the field beyond. daphne caruana galizia was a thorn in the side of malta's establishment, described as a one—woman wikileaks. her most recent revelations pointing a finger at malta's prime minister, joseph muscat, and claims of corruption linked to the panama papers, claims he has denied. no—one has claimed responsibility for the attack. investigators are quoted in local media saying the bomb appears to have been outside the car. it's known that caruana galizia had recently claimed she had received death threats and her website had been targeted by hackers. hundreds gathered for a vigil on monday evening, paying their respects to the popularjournalist, wife and mother of three, walking to a local bay and lighting candles in her memory. as a maltese citizen i think daphne was not only a journalist and an absolutely fearless human being, but a fourth pillar of our democracy. and today's heinous crime was not
only against a human being, a journalist, but against a pillar of everyone's democracy. malta is the eu's smallest member. the 53—year—old journalist had been driving in daylight close to her home in mosta. her son said to have heard the explosion and rushed outside to find the wreckage. malta's prime minister has condemned the killing, calling it a barbaric attack. meanwhile, malta's president says a team from the fbi is on its way to the island to help investigate the murder. andrew plant, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news, and further street protests are expected across catalonia today after two leading separatists were detained on the orders of spain's high court.
jordi sanchez and jordi cuixart are the first senior independence campaigners to be jailed since the catalan independence referendum earlier this month, which the spanish government considered illegal. the catalan police chief has not been remanded in custody but his passport has been confiscated. spain's government says it will take control of catalonia if the region's leader doesn't by thursday morning drop a bid to secede from spain. storm 0phelia is continuing to batter parts of the united kingdom, with high winds and flooding expected in scotland on tuesday. ireland experienced the worst of the weather on monday. three people were killed and thousands more lost power following hurricane—force winds. the european commission's chief negotiator, michel barnier, will brief the general affairs council later on his latest brexit discussions with the uk. britain's prime minister theresa may and the european commission head, jean—claude junker, have issued a statement saying talks should "accelerate" ahead of a key summit with all 27 eu members later this week. postal votes in austria's parliamentary election are being counted to settle a close race for second place that will shape coalition talks.
the conservative people's 0pposition party secured a clear victory on sunday, toppling the social democrats, but was well short of a majority. sally is here with all the business news. good morning. good morning. we good morning. we have good morning. we have an good morning. we have an interesting good morning. we have an interesting we have an story good morning. we have an interesting story which broke at midnight, our time. european aerospace firm airbus is to take a majority stake in bombardier‘s c—series jet project. the c—series has faced a series of problems, most recently a trade dispute in the us that imposed a 300% import tariff on the plane. so how will it work? well, airbus will acquire a 50.01% stake in the new company. it's called c series aircraft limited partnership. bombardier will retain 31% and investment quebec will own the remaining i9% with the company's headquarters and bulk of assembly remain in quebec. airbus chief executive tom enders said the company has offered to assemble some of the narrow body jets at its us plant in alabama for orders by american carriers. the us assembly line would mean
the jets would not be subject to us anti—dumping duties. rival us plane maker boeing quickly responded to the announcement, saying: "this looks like a questionable deal between two heavily state—subsidised competitors to skirt the recent findings of the us government." adding: "0ur position remains that everyone should play by the same rules, for free and fair trade to work." here in the uk, all eyes are on bombardier‘s factory in belfast, northern ireland, where wings for the c series are made. it's not clear how this latest deal will affect the uk plant, but local politicians have expressed cautious optimism.
what we watch and how has changed radically in recent years. so too has how we pay for it — and the big disrupter in the market has been netflix. house of cards, the crown, 13 reasons why are among the original content it offers and the latest numbers from the company show it is still hitting the mark. netflix says it made a profit of $130 million — its revenues ringing in atjust under $3 billion — that's in the three months to the end of september. but the crucial number to watch is the number of users. that's grown by 5.3 million in the third quarter and netflix says there will be an even larger pickup in the fourth quarter. and whilst the united states remains its biggest market, the rest of the world is increasingly subscribing too. canada is now number two, followed by the uk, brazil and germany.
it's bringing them in with original content for different countries. but to fund that it recently announced price increases in several countries. for example, a 10% rise to $10.99 a month in the us for its most popular plan, and 7% rise in the uk to £7.99. but there's fierce competition for those tv dollars. amazon, hulu, youtube and even facebook are also making their own content — but how much are we willing to pay for it? i would love you to get involved in that conversation. don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter. i'm @sallybundockbbc. and we will have an expert in the studio who will be answering my questions. a fascinating subject. thank you, sally. three days of national mourning have been declared in portugal after at least 36 people died in forest fires. across the border, in northwestern spain, fires there claimed at least another four lives. alison roberts reports from lisbon. 6,000 firefighters were in action in portugal on monday as forest fires devastated the centre and north of the country.
sunday had been the worst day so far this year, with more than 500 separate fires. the number of dead has risen steadily, even though some places have been brought under control. in many cases, locals suspect arson. but the severe drought of recent months means even accidental flames can start rapidly. translation: it is very windy and the fire is rekindled on many sides. the firefighters are not able to control the fire. translation: my house is ok but my neighbour's house is not, so i need to help him. we need to help each other. firefighters cannot be everywhere. portugal's prime minister acknowledged poor management of forests and dry weather are factors but arson could not be ruled out. translation: the situation is aggravated by extreme weather, drought and by the winds. and there is no—self ignition of a forest. what there is is an intentional creating fires, or negligence. across the border in galicia,
north—western spain, forest fires have also claimed lives. spain's prime minister took time off from the constitutional crisis in catalonia on monday to see the situation on the ground. he echoed local officials' suspicions that local fires were set deliberately. translation: what we are dealing with here is no accident. it was started deliberately. we're here in pazos de borben, where there has been a big fire that began at iam in the morning in five different places. so, as you can see, it's just not possible for this to have broken out naturally. portugal's government has meanwhile declared a state of calamity across more than half the country to free up resources and ease access to private property. it has also asked its european partners and morocco to send planes and other backup. lower temperatures and long—awaited rain may help douse fires but for now the country remains on maximum alert. alison roberts, bbc news, lisbon. moron situation on the website.
stay with us on bbc news. still to come, watching over the waves. shark—detecting drones take to the skies in australia to try and make surfing safer. parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life. but in the marina area, where most of the damage was done, they're more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he's gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb that exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not weaken. democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this
foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation held its breath for the men they call the 33. and then... bells toll bells tolled nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: the us state department has called for calm after iraqi government forces seized the northern city of kirkuk and nearby oil fields from kurdish control. more than 1,000 people have taken part in a vigil in malta for a leading investigative journalist murdered on monday by a powerful car bomb. to australia now, where a new tool is being deployed to try to keep
swimmers and surfers safe from the risk of shark attack. specially fitted drones are being used over the surf along the coast of new south wales, and as well as giving early warning about sharks, they can also help swimmers who run into difficulties at sea. hywel griffith has been to see them in action. a shadow in the sea or something more sinister? from the beach, it's hard to tell, but from the skies, the drone has a clearer view. it feeds into deep learning software, which it's claimed has a 92% success rate in spotting sharks, as well as less threatening species. every time it sees a dolphin, whale or a swimmer in distress, it learns their shape. launched along the beaches of new south wales, the drones can patrol for a0 minutes. daniel was one of the first to train as a lifesaver pilot. i can't physically run out and grab a board and paddle out and save someone, but sitting on the beach, we've got eyes in the sky and we're just another layer of protection, really.
the drones don't only observe, they can react too, dropping an inflatable device to help people in the sea. they won't replace the use of controversial shark nets and drum lines, however, which some claim do more harm than good. last year around australia, there were 17 unprovoked shark attacks. the number isn't that high compared to how many people enter these waters, but it's a national preoccupation — the question of how to share the beaches between the human beings and the sea life. when this great white washed onto sydney's shores recently, it was welcomed and christened ‘fluffy‘. not everyone wants to get so close, even if the chances of an attack are minimal. it's a human, innate fear of being attacked by a wild animal. but the risk to people that are entering the water, it rates so low on the scale as opposed to all other threats of going about your daily life.
traffic and cars and bee stings, all of those statistics. and for regulars in these waters, it's all part of the experience. i was actually swimming here once at the back, i was six months pregnant and there was a shark alarm. i did freak out a bit! if i'm going to die, i'd prefer to be taken by a shark than have a stroke and end up in a nursing home. the drones won't be on every beach every day, but they should give everyone a better understanding of what's down below. hywel griffith, bbc news, sydney. waves of a very different kind now — albert einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves 100 years ago — the moment two neutron stars collide, sending ripples through the universe and creating gold and platinum. these waves have onlyjust been seen and heard for the first time. 0ur science correspondent, pallab ghosh, had exclusive access to a wave detection site in louisiana.
and as you might expect, his report contains flashing images. it's the longest straight line in the world — a 2.5—mile pipe containing a laser that can detect powerful explosions in space. inside, a technician fine—tunes the instrument. it's made a discovery that's shaken the scientific world — two stars colliding in a galaxy far, far away, around 800 billion billion miles from earth. the two stars got closer and closer until they merged, resulting in a huge shockwave that rippled across the universe. the massive explosion led to the production of rare elements, such as gold and platinum. neutron stars are what's left over when giant suns die and collapse in on themselves. they're so densely packed
that a teaspoon would weigh a billion tons. and here is the actual sound of the collision. low humming and pop they then become part of planets when they form, including here on earth. the explosion was picked up in the control room here. it took place 130 million years ago when dinosaurs roamed the earth. and it's only now that the light and gravitational waves have reached us. 0hh, it was... we have been waiting for this for so long. we don't know if we were lucky and this happened to be an event that happened close, relatively close, to earth. but it's very rare. or perhaps there are many more neutron stars than we thought. we don't know that yet, but we will know. within seconds, telescopes all over the world were pointed at the colliding stars, and this is what they saw. the collision created distortions,
stretching and squeezing space. these are known as gravitational waves. a new observational window on the universe typically leads to surprises that cannot yet be foreseen. we are still rubbing our eyes, or/and our ears, as we havejust woken up to the sound of gravitational waves. researchers say that there are likely to be many more discoveries using gravitational waves, of objects in the universe that we have not yet imagined. pallab ghosh, bbc news, livingston, louisiana. let's move from that to another story. british artist stephen wiltshire is known for his panoramic drawings of iconic urban skylines. but what sets him apart is that his sketches are done entirely from memory. he's now finished drawing the new york city skyline after only looking at it for 45 minutes.
rachel stanton has more. an entire city captured on canvas. created by british artist stephen wiltshire, it took five days to complete. after a 45 minute helicopter ride around manhattan, he created the straw of the empire state building and the new york city skyline entirely from his photographic memory. diagnosed with autism at just three photographic memory. diagnosed with autism atjust three years old, he found it hard to relate to the world. turning to art helped him a great deal. his extraordinary artistic ability has captured the attention of many people across the globe. i'm very proud, as his sister, to see him become the advanced in what he's doing, and what better to do a job that is not only a job, but is a bonus that you like doing and he is able to travel
the world and do it. his talent has taken him write to the top of the art world and received an mba from the queen. 0n the sketching different cities in the past such as london and city, he can now add this one to his collection. i love reading in new york city. my favourite empire state building. i loved being on the helicopter ride and from my memory, doing the drum —— drawing of the panorama. and from my memory, doing the drum -- drawing of the panorama. after giving the crowd a smile, he can but piece i signing the breathtaking scenery. piece i signing the breathtaking scenery. rachel standen, bbc news. amazing. a reminder of our top story. the us state department's called for calm after iraqi government forces seized the northern city of kirkuk and nearby oil fields from kurdish control. armoured vehicles moved into kirkuk in an advance that took less than 2a hours. it comes after the region voted in favour of independence. more from our correspondence,
more from oui’ correspondence, more analysis on our website. 0urfriends in our friends in ireland 0urfriends in ireland were battered by the remnants of hurricane 0phelia. let's have a look at the gusts again, approaching 100 miles an houron the gusts again, approaching 100 miles an hour on the south coast of ireland. it had winds of around 80 to 90 miles an hour while. a very vicious storm. here is the forecast, the scent of the storm. you can seek barrels towards northern ireland. we
still will have some problems first thing in the morning across the lowla nds thing in the morning across the lowlands of scotland, northern parts of england as well. there are still warnings in place. to the north—east of england, east of the pennines, thatis of england, east of the pennines, that is where some of the gust of wind could still be approaching around 60 or 70 miles an hour. bear in mind during the morning rush hour there could be more disruption to travel. it is not over yet. the storm is still very much barrelling across northern parts of the uk. you can see some rain to the south. it isa can see some rain to the south. it is a completely different story, much, much quieter. the wind will still be up to 60 or 70 miles an hour. through the course of the afternoon, real remnants of this weather system moving into norway and across the north sea. the weather will calm down. tomorrow, a mixture of sunshine and a few showers around. later in the day we expect some rain across south—western areas of the uk. let's
have a look at the weather as we head to the middle part of the week. there is a lot happening out there in the atlantic. here is a weather front crossing central portions of the british isles during the course of wednesday. some spots of rain around for wales to the south, still relatively south —— mile around 18 degrees in london. a few sunny spells in scotland. still a stormy start with some of us are in the course of tuesday morning. by the end of the week, it looks as though there could be more wind and rain. before i go, just a reminder of some of the spec a killer skies we have seen of the spec a killer skies we have seen across of the spec a killer skies we have seen across the uk in the last day 01’ so. seen across the uk in the last day or so. thanks to 0phelia are drawing up or so. thanks to 0phelia are drawing upa or so. thanks to 0phelia are drawing up a smoke particles from iberia where we have the wildfires and also some of that saharan gust as well. this is bbc news. the headlines: the us state department has called for calm after iraqi government forces seized the northern city of kirkuk and nearby oil fields from kurdish control. it comes less than a month
after the region voted in favour of independence. thousands of people have taken part in a vigil in malta for a journalist murdered by a powerful car bomb. daphne caruana galizia was a leading investigative journalist who highlighted alleged corruption by senior politicians. portugal has declared three days of national mourning for all those killed by wildfires in the country. at least 36 people are known to have died. fires have also been causing widespread damage in north—western spain. storm 0phelia is continuing to batter parts of the united kingdom, with high winds and flooding expected in scotland on tuesday.