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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 17, 2017 8:00pm-9:01pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines at 8pm: the head of mi5 warns terrorist plots are escalating in a matter of days, after a dramatic jump in the scale and pace of the threat facing britain. inflation has reached 3% — its highest level in more than five years — largely due to rising food and transport prices. the international think—tank, the oecd, says reversing brexit would have a "positive and significant" impact on the uk economy. us—backed militia in syria say they've taken control of raqqa after months of fighting with islamic state militants. and in the next hour, we'll look at what parts of the uk where houses are worth less now than a decade ago. bbc research shows house prices in more than half of neighbourhoods in england and wales are still lower in real terms than a decade ago. and five novelists vie to win the man booker prize 2017. i'm at london's historic guildhall,
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where later this evening we will announce who has won the man booker prize. good evening and welcome to bbc news. britain faces the highest rate of terror attacks in the last 30 years, with some plots hatched in just days and 3,000 extremists currently being investigated. that's according to the head of mi5, andrew parker, who's given a rare interview and defended the service's record, after four terrorist attacks this year. 0ur security correspondent, frank gardner, reports. four terrorist attacks in britain, inspired by so—called islamic state, in the space of six months. most of the attackers were already known to mi5,
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the security service. today, its director general addressed journalists on the extent of the current threat. we've seen a dramatic up shift in threat this year. it's at the highest tempo i've seen in my 34—year career. i asked him why mi5 was unable to stop those attacks by known extremists. the likelihood is that sometimes attacks can happen, we've seen that. i've also said the likelihood is that when an attack happens, it may be done by somebody that we know or have known at some point in the past. were that not so, it would mean we were looking completely in the wrong place. when three men attacked people with a van and knives in southwark in june, it turned out the ring leader was this man, khuram butt, a well—known extremist already on mis‘s radar. what's the point of surveillance if someone is able to do that? one of the main challenges we've got is that we only ever have fragments of information.
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we have to try and assemble a picture of what might happen based on those fragments. sometimes i've talked about today pinpricks of light in an otherwise dark canvas. we have to make professional judgments about where to commit resource, based on the best knowledge we've got each day, against that whole range of extremists. mis‘s list of 3,000 extremists includes returnees, jihadis coming back from the conflict zone. i asked andrew parker if he knew where they are now and what they are doing. so, of that, over 800 people who have gone to syria and iraq, a proportion of them are back in the uk from several years ago, having given up on the fight and come back for different reasons. you are monitoring them? they are part of that 3,000 number i spoke about where they are sifted and assessed on an individual basis for risk and we apply intelligence coverage accordingly.
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mi5, says its director general cannot be 100% perfect, a total of five terrorist attacks have got through this year against 20 stopped over four years. the uk, he says, will face down this challenging threat. frank gardner, bbc news. well, we can speak now to baroness pauline neville—jones, who was minister of state for security and counter terrorism until 2011 and was also the former chair of the british joint intelligence committee. she joins us live from our studio in central london. thanks very much for being with us here on bbc news. is there anything that you found at all surprising in what andrew parker had to say today? no, ithink what andrew parker had to say today? no, i think that sort afteressment he gave is one that is very recognisable. it is fairly clear that the pace and the rate and the
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scale of attacks has increased. partly because as daesh has lost ground in the middle east, they have turned their attention to actually creating and inspiring and sometimes organising plots in the countries from which some of these jihadis came. let me say that the uk is not the only country. i mean, we are a major target, but we're not a unique target. you can see that other european countries have suffered attacks of this type. many of them with rather more serious consequences than has happened in the uk. that is partly down to the fa ct the uk. that is partly down to the fact that our services are very good. and part of that is this challenge that andrew parker was talking to frank gardner about the numbers of people who are regarded as "extremists" and therefore potential threats and the larger group beyond that, people who are associated with them. is it really a
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case of a needle in the hay stack and that we've been, in terms, lucky so and that we've been, in terms, lucky so far? i think as andrew parker said, they never have complete information. clearly if they did, they would be able to be much more certain about where to put their resources . certain about where to put their resources. as it is, they have to wait on the basis of the most intelligent assessment they can make of the fragmentary information they've got and prioritise those individuals and those circumstances and those emerging activities which look most dangerous. so, i think, they do act very professionally. they do have some information, but they don't have complete information. it's a lot, though, to be trying to monitor 3,000 people asylu m be trying to monitor 3,000 people asylum you ta nsly. be trying to monitor 3,000 people asylum you tansly. -- simultaneously. this is part of the challenge, the scale. in the time of
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the ira, the numbers weren't nearly of that dimension. secondly, this is also international. so there is the question of the movement of people with the ira, it was a smaller scale. you were dealing essentially with a relatively small geography. now this is much bigger, the landscape, that you have to try and map. you have to know when people are attempting to cross borders. that's one of the places where you can stop people. as he said, the majority of people who are actually active at the moment are not returnees. they're actually people who are based in this country. they may have had training abroad but they're based here. thanks very much for being with us this evening. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages: prices are rising faster than at any
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time in the past five years. the office for national statistics says inflation rose to 3% last month, up from 2.9% in august. rising food and transport costs are mainly to blame. it's good news for pensioners who are in line for a 3% pension increase from next april. but for the working population and people on benefits, it will put more pressure on already stretched household incomes. here's our economics editor, kamal ahmed. running almost to stand still. as prices have gone up, our wages have remained stagnant, making the income squeeze that little bit harsher. over the last year, inflation has risen above the increase in our wages. making ends meet is becoming harder. the basics that i get all the time are going up — 20p, 30p here and there, which affects my food shop every single week and it makes a big difference to what i can get. but higher inflation is not
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as hard work for everyone. this month's figure is used to set the rise in state pensions next year, and pensioners will see weekly payments increase by around £5. i think it's fairer than what some people are getting so i wouldn't complain because i know nurses etc get nothing like that rise. the trouble is they put it in one hand and take it out the other, so you don't gain much. mark carney, the governor of the bank of england, told mps prices are likely to rise further, driven by the fall in the value of the pound. we signalled prior to the referendum that we felt that, the event of the vote to leave, one of the adjustment mechanisms would be through sterling. we expected sterling to fall sharply, it did. that passes through to prices. he said that interest rates might rise next month but with economic growth weak, it's a finely balanced judgment. in the spotlight, philip hammond,
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who insisted the economy was strong despite brexit uncertainty. there's great potential to exploit the underlying strengths of the uk economy, and boosting productivity is the way to turn those strengths into real wage growth. here at the treasury and the chancellor has a problem. 0n the one side, those policies that are locked in, like pension increases... 0n the other, a lack of economic growth, stagnant wages and the benefits freeze, which are leaving the young worse off. the challenge for the chancellor — what can he do in the budget next month to bridge that generational divide? it is sensible to uprate benefits and the state pension by some kind of cost of living index, whether that's inflation or earnings, but it is definitely not fair to uprate part of the population's benefit and not the other half. that's going to drive a wedge between the two groups. the road will be tough ahead. the public sector pay
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cap, stagnant wages — pressure will grow on the chancellor to act to boost incomes. it's the budget next month. expect new policies to strengthen education and skills and support young people. kamal ahmed, bbc news. david page, senior economist at axa investment managers, is with me. thanks for coming into the studio to talk about this announcement. a great surprise? no, not really. i think markets fully anticipated the move on the month. actually, we've been looking for this pick up in inflation really ever since we've seen the fall in sterling. we have been looking for a peak of around 3. 196, been looking for a peak of around 3. 1%, we still expect that to arrive. it will go up again slightly but then you think it will plateau?‘ little bit. in early 2018, inflation will probably drop back below 3%. it will probably drop back below 3%. it will probably drop back below 3%. it will probably then start to slow path down from there. it's the pace of deceleration that the bank of england are worried about. they're looking at where inflation may be in
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a couple of years. that's why they may consider interest rate changes. this is interesting. the bank has been signalling with increasing, almost with a wink that we can expect inflation, interest rates to go up. they're expected to do that. in normal circumstances, if there ever are such things in economies, would you expect this? what we've seen would you expect this? what we've seen is a fall in sterling generate this. this is a supply shock, in some ways. the bank had tried to look through this impact. so they're not really tightening monetary policy because inflation is so high now. it's more where they fear inflation is going to be in two yea rs' inflation is going to be in two years' time. it's more than they think that the economy, subdewed that it think that the economy, subdewed thatitis,itis think that the economy, subdewed that it is, it is growing faster than the speed limit will allow. despite this interest rate rise, if it comes, we've had more than a decade without any change in
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interest rates and certainly no increase in interest rates, so a lot of people, this will be a new experience. it's quite small, do you think, the first shifts will be? we think, the first shifts will be? we think they will do this very gradually. the initial move which we expect in november, we expect it to bea expect in november, we expect it to be a quarter a point. another quarter of a point in six more months. then to 2019 until another couple of moves. what does that mean for us, as people with mortgages, spending money in the shops, who have savings, what will be the impact? we won't see that much impact. we will see fixed rate mortgages start to rise. as people's fixed rate mortgages roll off, they might start to see their refinancing come in higher. those that aren't on fixed rates will notice an impact come through quicker than that. we may even see, i come through quicker than that. we may even see, i mean come through quicker than that. we may even see, i mean the material impact is likely to come first and foremost through sterling, indeed since the bank signalled it would
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increase interest rates in september, we have seen sterling a bit firmer, which should do something to bring down the import costs. the other factor is that inflation has really been eroding real incomes for households. households have found it quite tough and will continue to do so for the next couple of quarters. but ever so gently that pressure should fade as well. good. thanks very much for being with us. the headlines on bbc news: the head of m15 warns terrorist plots are escalating in a matter of days, after a dramatic jump in the scale and pace of the threat facing britain. inflation has reached 3% — its highest level in more than five years — largely due to rising food and transport prices. the international think—tank, the 0ecd, says reversing brexit would have a ‘positive and significant‘ impact on the uk economy. sport now.
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and for a full round up, let's the bbc sport centre. it's a busy night of football. three english sides in action in the champions league tonight. tottenham have the toughest task against the holders real madrid at the bernabeau. in the first half they've taken the lead 1—0. the premier league leaders are playing. manchester city taking on napoli tonight. they raced into an early lead, when sterling scored. that was city's first footing home before jesus added a second for his eighth goal in ten games. in slovene ya, liverpool are playing in their orange third kit tonight. they opened the scoring afterjust three minutes with firmino. then coutinho doubled their advantage ten minutes later. salah making it 3—0 on the
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night. before all tonight's action, craig shakespeare became the second premier league managerial casualty of the season. he's been sacked by leicester city. he took over on a temporary basis from ranieri in february, who was sacked, despite leading the foxes to the title in the previous season. shakespeare exits the stage with leicester in the relegation zone and without a win in six matches. northern ireland will face switzerland for a place at the world cup following today's draw for the play—offs. this was the draw which was made in zurich this afternoon, eight teams in the hat. worth pointing out that the swiss were particularly strong in qualifying. nine wins out of nine until they slipped to a defeat against portugal in the finalgroup slipped to a defeat against portugal in the final group match that saw them finish second on goal difference. they dropped into the play—offs. the first leg will be played at windsor park, before they travel to switzerland to decide whether or not they will seal a place at russia 2018. we knew
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whatever tea m place at russia 2018. we knew whatever team we got, it was going to bea whatever team we got, it was going to be a very difficult game. switzerland have had a great qualifying campaign, nine victories, one defeat. but it gives us an opportunity to go to russia. we have to make sure we're particularly in the first game, being in belfast, and then coming to switzerland for the second leg. we look forward to the second leg. we look forward to the game. we know we'll have to be at our best to qualify. but we believe we're capable of doing that. this is how the play—offs shape up: england's under 17s are into the world cup quarter finals. england's under 17s are into the world cup quarterfinals. they're through to the last eight in india, after beating japan 5—3 on penalties. this was it after it finished goalless after 90 minutes. that result means england will play
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the united states for a place in the semifinals. that is all the sport for now. i will have a full update for you, all of those goals tonight in all the champions league matches in sportsday at 10. 30pm. reversing brexit and staying in the eu would significantly boost the uk economy — according to a new report by the international think tank, the 0ecd. the brexit secretary, david davis, said the uk is trying for a deal but must be prepared to walk away without one. here's our deputy political editor, john pienaar. something, someone's got to break the deadlock, but who? the brexit secretary is refusing to promise up front the cash that brussels wants. borisjohnson is toughest of all but this is a risky game. an international think tank is warning a hard brexit with no deal could harm britain badly, and uncertainty could hinder the economy ahead of any outcome. there is a bit of a...
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a bit of a bumpy road. it will be crucial that the uk and the eu maintain the closest economic relationship possible. in its latest survey, the 0ecd says the no deal brexit could mean... so, business and consumers would suffer. the report even suggests giving voters another referendum and stopping brexit might significantly help the economy. neither the government nor its main opponents support that idea. are you frustrated by the lack of progress with the eu, gents? 0ne cabinet brexiteer says the 0ecd accept the economy's growing despite uncertainty. he's not too worried, though, about getting a brexit deal at all. no need to fear coming up with no deal, that's the essence of what you're saying? we don't need to fear it. leaving without a deal will not be the armageddon that someone people the armageddon that some people project and leaving with a deal
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will give us a slightly better growth rate and i think we need to concentrate on the realities. get rid of the hyperbole around the debate. and focus on the fact that if we can get agreement with the eu, both britain and the eu will be better off for it. sir keirstarmer. but in the commons, concern crosses party line. 0nly fa ntasists and fanatics talk up no—deal. no deal is not good for the uk. no deal is not good for the eu. by their vote onjune the 8th, the british people did not give this government any mandate for no deal. the government says it wants a deal, but: if we did not prepare for all outcomes, we leave ourselves exposed to an impossible negotiation. so, hours, days, months of brinkmanship still ahead, while the time remaining before brexit passes all too quickly. deal or no deal, where have i heard that before?
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let's talk to our political correspondent, leila natho, about this. is it going to make any difference to how the government negotiates? well, i think that warning takes you back to the referendum campaign, really. we had warnings from all sorts of organisations about the economic doom and gloom supposedly in the eyes of brexiteers if britain left the eu. brexiteers and leavers would bristle at that warning, none of that came true. both sides, both camps, if you like, are steadfast in their opinion. everybody agrees that it is in everyone's interest to try and geta it is in everyone's interest to try and get a deal. the uncertainty is clearly having an effect. the chancellor has talked about the cloud of uncertainty hanging over the economy. all camps say we are now getting to a point that we need to have some progress in the negotiations. they want to get these talks onto trade, both britain and the eu have pledged to accelerate the eu have pledged to accelerate the talks. there's no sign yet of
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any of either side giving any ground. there is a dispute over money. britain is not prepared to budge over offering more money on the table and the eu is not prepared to budge on demanding less. so i think the clock is still ticking and we do have warnings coming and going, but ultimately, the reality is that both sides are dug into their positions and there isn't any progress. thank you. let's hear from an economist who thinks the 0ecd is wrong. i'm joined down the line byjulian jessop, chief economist at the institute of economic affairs. i notice that anger gurria said earlier, that there's nothing new in what we're saying, we have been saying there would be a negative impact from brexit for a long time. so why the fuss? of course, the 0ecd is well respected amongst international forecasting organisations. i think the longer
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that time goes by the bigger the risk that uncertainty caused the sharp slow down in the economy that has been predicted. if we don't get some progress in the next few weeks, a number of businesses will put into place the contingency plans to exit the uk, to start opening offices elsewhere, certainly to cut back investment in this country in. a sense the 0ecd is right that the clock is ticking. when it goes so far as to say if britain changed its mind and stay in the eu, there would bea mind and stay in the eu, there would be a positive benefit, to the economy. it's a kind of, if nothing else, politically rather naive thing to say, isn't it? i can see why they're saying that. from an economic forecast clearly no brexit would be better. this is where i disagree. they're being too pessimistic about what brexit means and what the implications for the economy might be. in the short—term there are better chances than most
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people seem to appreciate of some sort of deal being done and therefore lifting that uncertainty. businesses are sitting on large cash piles, lots of projects, investment projects, are ready to start again. investment could actually accelerate next year. also, once brexit has actually happened, the 0ecd are making pessimistic forecasts about what that means. for example, they assume it's a hard stop to migration, whereas in fact the government is sounding a bit more relaxed about the idea of more workingers being allowed to continue coming here. and there is concern over the uk applying big tariffs. we don't have to do that. a number of other areas as well, where the 0ecd has taken the worst case, they have come up with a pessimistic forecast. i would have better assumptions and a better outcome. thanks very much for being with us. us—backed militias say they have recaptured the entire
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city of raqqa in syria, the self—styled capital of so—called islamic state. it's a massive symbolic blow to the jihadists. an alliance of kurdish and arab fighters have battled for more than four months to retake control of the city which was seized by is in 2014. two years ago, is controlled a large area across iraq and syria, but now they only hold a handful of towns on the syrian—iraqi border. 0ur middle east correspondent, quentin sommerville, has the latest. at the heart of raqqa, they're giddy with victory. the syrian democratic forces controlled the city that the so—called islamic state hailed as its capital. paradise circle, it's called, and here they beheaded people. their hatred crossed continents. three years ago, is did victory laps here. but there caliphate is now in ruins and they're on the run. it was arab and kurdish fighters, men and women, who did a jig, celebrating the islamic state's retreat. the sdf fought in sandals
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and the most basic of weapons but they had a killer advantage. coalition air power. that helped drive is out, but it also emptied the city of a quarter of a million people. hundreds of civilians may have died in the western bombardment. younus 0mar and his family, though, survived. they've onlyjust managed to escape. is used them and thousands of others as human shields. his wife says, "they shot at my family but allah is stronger than them." younus says, "it was a horror, i tried to leave twice but i couldn't. they were shooting at me. they said, ‘you're escaping towards the infidels'." but the final victory here was delivered not in a gun battle but in a bus ride. here, is fighters are seen leaving one of the last holdouts, the national hospital. they were guaranteed safe passage as part of a peace deal. what's left of raqqa can
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barely be called a city. but still, dangers remain. the islamic state's foreign fighters here vanished. some may be hiding in these ruins. their leadership have already fled. the islamic state group may have abandoned their capital but they haven't abandoned their cause, so the fight against is goes on. quentin sommerville, bbc news, beirut. joining me now is fawaz gerges, professor of international relations at the london school of economics and political science. good to see you. thanks very much for coming in. we've been talking so long about the terrible threat that is poses both to the stability of syria and iraq, never mind in terms of the violence and terrible treatment of civilians in raqqa. are we now celebrating a success? should we now celebrating a success? should we be celebrating a success?” we now celebrating a success? should we be celebrating a success? i think the story is much more complex than that. we are seeing the beginning of
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the dismantling of the territorial state that is, what has happened in mosul, the second largest iraqi city and raqqa is both symbolically and operationally big loss for isis, major, major blow. but the reality is, as we have discovered over the yea rs, is, as we have discovered over the years, both al-qaeda and isis have the capacity for self—renewal. that is my take on it, even though that isis is fatally injured, it has the capacity to mutate into an underground insurgency and a classical terrorist organisation in the next year or so. so you cut off one head and another head grows through. isis is a social movement. it might not be a mass movement. it has gained hearts and minds amongst sunni communities who feel basically excluded from the social and political space in both iraq and syria and also other places as well. do you have confidence that the regimes in those countries will do enough to offer reassurance to those
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communities that have been disaffected for so long, not least in iraq's case, since the fall of saddam hussein, when the power shifted so dramatically, that actually they have a future. for example in iraq, where at the moment, the central government is engaged in what could potentially be a violent conflict with the kurds.|j wish i could say yes, i have confidence. in fact the big question, you question the underlying point of your question is the morning after. that is without addressing the questions of governance, question of inclusion, questions about the legitimate grievances of major communities, sunni communities in iraq and syria, you will see other isis, al-qaeda or similar organisations, because they are parasites. they are rich in conflict zones about victimhood, grievances. unless the iraqi government and the syrian government addresses basically the legitimate grievances, establish transparent
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government, inclusive government, you will see certain groups in the sunni community who tend to be attracted to these extremist factions throughout the middle east. thank you soup for being with us. —— so much for being with us on bbc news. now time for the weather prospects. in the last 2a hours the weather has come down significantly and will stay quite for the next couple of days. that does not necessarily mean dry, though. some outbreaks of rain across england and wales overnight. it will be chilly with a few fog patches in northern england and northern ireland. cloudy with patchy rainfor northern ireland. cloudy with patchy rain for southern scotland, and clear skies in the north of scotland. thicker cloud across central and southern scotland, and this zone of cloudy, damp weather will edge northward across england and wales. temperatures 12—17dc. we
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will see dry weather on thursday and friday, but it is as we get into the start of the weekend that there is the threat of gales returning in places. stay tuned to the forecast. hello. this is bbc news. the headlines: the head of m15 says the uk is facing intense pressure from terrorism. andrew parker said more extremist activity is being detected, and that plots are developing at a faster pace. inflation has reached 3% — its highest level in more than five years — largely due to rising food and transport prices. the international think—tank, the 0ecd, says reversing brexit would have a ‘positive and significant‘ impact on the uk economy.
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us—backed militia in syria say they‘ve taken control of raqqa after months of fighting with islamic state militants. a deal has been struck which it‘s hoped will help safeguard 4,000 jobs at the bombardier aircraft factory in northern ireland. the european manufacturer, airbus, has taken a stake in bombardier‘s c—series jet, which has wings built in belfast. the deal would allow some of the planes to be assembled at an airbus plant in alabama, avoiding large import duties the us authorities have threatened to impose on the c—series. john campbell reports. after months, if not years, of uncertainty, this workforce has finally got some good news. the c—series will now effectively come under the control of air bus. it is a giant of the aviation world, and its financial muscle should help the
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c—series find new customers who have been reluctant to commit to bombardier. it is the first bit of good news workforce has had in about 13 months, and hopefully we will see that progressed as we move forward with increased orders and employment on these sites airbus once dismissed the c—series adds a cute little aeroplane. today, the chief executive embraced the aeroplane and the boss of bombardier. we think it is good news for airlines, customers, potential customers, shareholders on both sides. that is why we call it a win — win. shareholders on both sides. that is why we call it a win - win. the most recent problem for the c—series has been a huge import tariffs slapped on it by the us government. that followed a complaint from rival boeing. airbus could now provide the solution. it already has a big modern factory in alabama and intends to assemble the c—series
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there for us customers. as it is not an import, there should be no tariffs. it is a domestic product and it will not have the import ta riffs and it will not have the import tariffs apply to it. yes, that is one way to address that. that is the theory, but boeing may see things differently. in a statement, it said: belfast‘s main contribution to the c—series is building its wings. airbus already has a huge winged factory in north wales, but the east belfast mp says he has been told that will not affect the local operation. belfast is integral to the overall programme, and as such, when you see the statements from both airbus and bombardier, when they indicate the a facility for uk production, it is the belfast one.
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for now, this deal has been welcomed asa for now, this deal has been welcomed as a huge positive for the bombardier workforce and the wider aerospace sector. john campbell, bbc news, belfast. charles read, the 0nline business editor for the economist, joins us now via webcam from north london. to pick up on this point made by the boss of bombardier, that this becomes a domestic product and the issue of tariffs disappears — is it as simple as all that? not quite, because of course, the case is still ongoing, and bombardier and airbus would have two persuade that there is enough domestic content for it to count as a domestic product rather than an import. however, they now have a very good case for why it
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could be a domestic product. more than 50% of the components come from america, and they further 10% or so, the final assembly which airbus and bombardier want to do in alabama, means that it probably now has satisfied the criteria for being a domestic product. however, boeing and its supporters will still be trying to persuade the us goverment and the us international trade coffee that they are trying to circumvent the tariffs being placed on the plains, and there are mechanisms to try to stop companies from circumventing the imposition of tariffs. the other part of this deal is that it gives bombardier a lot
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more political support than it used to against the imposition of these tariffs. when bombardier was whacked up tariffs. when bombardier was whacked up by tariffs. when bombardier was whacked up by the uk government, these are not big countries and don‘t have much influence on the american government and the trump administration. airbus‘s big backer is the eu, and to a lesser extent, the chinese, where the fuse a larges of these planes will be made. and the chinese said that if airbus can guarantee that a large number of views a large components will be made in china, which bombardier was planning to do, but there are questions over how many would actually be built, that would mean that they would get their support against the united states. if boeing and the us now want to push this
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issue and demand that there are ta riffs issue and demand that there are tariffs still put on these planes, the us would be in a trade war do with just canada but also uk, the us would be in a trade war do withjust canada but also uk, the eu and the chinese state. it might be a case of biting off more than they can chew. a huge clear—up operation is taking place across ireland following the damage caused by storm 0phelia, which killed three people. winds of around a hundred miles per hour brought down power lines and trees. thousands are still without electricity, as chris buckler reports. the storm clouds have gone, but 0phelia made her presence felt all along ireland‘s coastline, and today in county after county they‘ve been clearing the mess left behind by the extreme weather. 0phelia has done her damage, but the repairs now have to be
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carried out and there are huge numbers of people still without electricity. the suggestion is that there will be households that won‘t have powerfor days to come. in many ruralareas, teams are still removing trees felled by the strong winds and trying to reconnect power cables. that‘s true across this island. in northern ireland, the gusts ripped roofs off and at this house, in county antrim, forced a tree through the ceiling. it‘s as close as i ever want to get. storm 0phelia has a lot to answer for. it certainlyjust missed me. this was a dangerous storm, but watch how some ignored the warnings. you were very happy to be indoors and yet there was an awful lot of lunatics that were going up—and—down, you know, they were actually going into the sea.
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ireland faced the worst of 0phelia, but across scotland, wales and england this former hurricane showed her power to cause damage as well as stormy seas. chris buckler, bbc news. the eu has called it horrifying — malta‘s prime minister, barbaric. a well—known journalist, daphne ca ruana galitzia, was killed in a car bomb attack close to her home. the fbi has been asked to help with the investigation. family and friends have paid tribute to the anti—corru ption blogger, who was a fierce critic of the island‘s prime minister, who has denied any wrongdoing. andrew plant reports. the wreckage of a car in the distance, daphne caruana galizia was driving near her home on monday afternoon, when the bomb went off. in the foreground here, the site of the extension, ——in the foreground here,
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the site of the explosion, powerful enough to blow her car off the road. it ended up in the field beyond. daphne ca ruana galizia was a thorn in the side of malta‘s establishment, described as a one—woman wikileaks, the most recent revelations pointing a finger at malta‘s prime minister, joseph muscat, and claims of corruption leaked to the panama papers, a claim he has denied. no one has claimed responsibility for the attack. investigators are quoted in local media saying the bomb appears to have been outside the car. it is known she had claimed she had received death threats and her website was targeted by hackers. hundreds gathered for a vigil on monday evening, paying their respects to the popular journalist, wife and mother of three, walking to a local bay and lighting candles. as a maltese citizen, i think daphne was not only a journalist and an absolutely fearless human being, but a fourth pillar of our
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democracy, and today‘s heinous crime was not only against a human being and journalist, but against a pillar of everyone‘s democracy. malta is the eu‘s smallest member. the 53—year—old had been driving in the night close to her home. her son is said to have heard the explosion and rushed outside to find the wreckage. malta‘s prime minister has condemned the killing, calling it a barbaric attack. meanwhile, malta‘s president has said a team from the fbi is on its way to the island to help investigate the murder. andrew plant, bbc news. well, we can speak now to harry cooper, a reporter from politico europe, who was close to daphne and who‘s written several articles about the challenges she faced as an investigative journalist on malta. for all the concern that she had
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expressed about what was going on on malta, this must have been a huge shock when you heard the news yesterday. it really was a huge shock. i spoke to her a few weeks ago, and she was continuing to hammer away, as she had done for many years. interestingly, the target of the reporting had been the opposition nationalist party recently, not just the opposition nationalist party recently, notjust the labour government, which was often the focus of her work. and the leader of the nationalists, adrian delia, said on twitter, described on twitter the murder... it is hard to express the shock felt by people on the island. we saw that from the reaction of some of the otherjournalists, but we have also seen it in the anger
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that her son express, and this sense that her son express, and this sense that her son express, and this sense that he has, at least, that something has changed in malta, that the place has become too closely caught up in potential corruption. it is corruption denied by those who have been accused by daphne and others, but nonetheless, there is a real loss of confidence among the maltese about what is happening in their country. the role that daphne played in malta, you have do understand the context in which she was reporting. maltese politics is incredibly tribal, and daphne was as much love as she was hated. much of her reporting was targeted at the ruling labour government and allegations of corruption that she uncovered last year as part of the panama papers scandal. the authorities have not investigated a lot of what she uncovered, and many people on both sides have really been wondering what the situation is. daphne did not mince her words,
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certainly, and was often quite personal in how she reported. for that reason, she was often described asa that reason, she was often described as a hate blogger and the goverment would accuse her regularly writing fa ke would accuse her regularly writing fake news. practically the last thing she wrote on her blog, a matter of hours before she was killed, was talking about what she felt was an idea that there was this level of economic and political corruption. all of those she accused denied it, and some were taking legal action against. i understand thejudge who was legal action against. i understand the judge who was going to investigate her death was one of those who was going to take legal action and he withdrew because of objections from the family. is it a consequence of a small place where people are working together and generations of the same family can be involved in politics, and that is really what we‘re talking about? and that she was perhaps lifting a few stones that people didn‘t want
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lifted? there is an element of truth there. the island has a small population of about a20,000, so everybody knows everybody. when i met daphne earlier in the year, we met daphne earlier in the year, we met ina met daphne earlier in the year, we met in a restaurant in a town in the centre of malta, and people knew who she was, recognised her walking down the street. i would say, however, that although the allegations that she was writing about for often targeted at the prime minister, he was very targeted at the prime minister, he was very quick to call a press conference immediately saying that he was inviting international authorities to come and help with the investigation. it at least appears that he wants to have a thorough investigation carried out. hurry, we are most grateful to you for talking to us this evening after this terrible news. the headlines on bbc news: the head of m15 warns terrorist plots
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are escalating in a matter of days after a dramatic jump in the scale and pace of the threat facing britain. inflation has reached 3% — its highest level in more than five years — largely due to rising food and transport prices. the international think—tank, the 0ecd, says reversing brexit would have a ‘positive and significant‘ impact on the uk economy. an update on the market numbers for you — here‘s how london‘s and frankfurt ended the day. and in the the united states this is how the dow and the nasdaq are getting on. house prices in large parts of england and wales are now lower in real terms than they were 10 years ago, according to research carried out by the bbc. it‘s left some people struggling with negative equity and is evidence of a growing north south divide. in the north east of england, for example, the value of homes in 95 percent of local authority
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areas has dropped. in london, the reverse is true, as phil bodmer reports. the for sale signs tell their own story — more sellers than buyers. here, in the north—east, average house prices in real terms have dropped in nine out of ten areas since 2007. i‘m not going to ever sell it at the moment. i regret buying it at the time. lee percival bought his two—bedroom home in horden in 2008 for £113,000. almost a decade on, it‘s now worth between £80,000 and £85,000 after the development was left unfinished. if you could sell the house tomorrow, assuming somebody would buy it, how much would you lose? £30,000. we could lose more than that. that‘s just what it would go on the market for. in the north—east, average prices in real terms have gone down in almost 95% of all council wards in the past 10 years. yorkshire and the humber has seen
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a drop of more than 92%. it‘s a similar story in wales. in london, however, 99% of wards have seen prices rise in the same period. in knightsbridge and belgravia, the average home costs £2.9 million, around 80 times the cost of the cheapest house in the north—east. well, what will surprise and concern homeowners here in yorkshire and the north—east of england and in wales is that their biggest asset may now not be worth as much as they thought it was. so what‘s behind the difference in house prices between london and other parts of the country? in part, it is about a two speed economy. so the economic catalyst has been much greater in london and the south—east of the country and that feeds into pressure, population pressure, which is much greater in london and the south in a way that simply hasn‘t happened in the north of england. isaac stott moved into his three bedroomed terrace in bradford
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in 2007, it cost £86,500. now, with a growing family, he wants to move on. it‘s up for sale at around £10,000 less than he paid. yeah, it‘s frustrating to take a hit on it. we‘d love to see the investment come back and pay off. we‘d love at the minute just to break even. for now, for isaac, his family and many others in a similar situation, breaking even remains a hope rather than a reality. phil bodmer, bbc news. these are the front covers of the books short listed for the man booker prize. we will know in around 55 minutes from now who will pick up this prestigious prize. we will bring you that announcement in a special programme here on bbc news
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which starts at 9:30pm. the announcement is at 9:45pm. rebecca jones is following proceedings at the guildhall in london. hello and welcome to london‘s historic guildhall, where we await the announcement of the winner of the announcement of the winner of the man booker prize for fiction. 500 guests are here having a champagne reception before moving through to the great hall to enjoy a three course dinner, and among them, the six writers short listed for the prize this year. who knows what kind ofan prize this year. who knows what kind of an appetite they will have waiting to hear if they have won? but for one of them, the winner, this will be a career defining moment. let‘s remind ourselves who is on the short list. six of the best books of the year are competing for the man booker prize for fiction. for three to one is a very big book by one of america‘s big
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beasts, paul auster. it big book by one of america‘s big beasts, paulauster. it follows big book by one of america‘s big beasts, paul auster. it follows the four different path is a man‘s like my take. ali smith‘s autumn is the first instalment of a seasonal quartets entering onto the —— on two friends in the aftermath of brexit. exit west tells the tale of a young couple who move to different locations around the globe through mysterious black doors. there are three writers with their first novels. george saunders is best known for short stories. 0ne novels. george saunders is best known for short stories. one is about —— his book is about the death of abraham about —— his book is about the death of abra ham lincoln‘s about —— his book is about the death of abraham lincoln‘s son and his grief. it is set in a graveyard over a single night. fiona mosley works ina book a single night. fiona mosley works in a book shop in york, and her novel is a family drama which explores the loss of rural community
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in northern england. and the history of in northern england. and the history 0f wolves is a coming—of—age story about a teenage girl living in the remains ofan about a teenage girl living in the remains of an old commune. so, those are the short list, and during the dinner later this evening, extracts from those books will be read out by some eminent actors and actresses, and i‘m delighted to say that one of them is with us now, 0livia williams, welcome to you. and we alsojoined by the novelist, man booker prize nominee and judge this year, sarah hall. 0livia, how have you got roped into this evening?” was offered a free meal, and all actors need feeding. what an honour it turned out to be. i was sent the extracts, and they are beautiful pieces of writing. the only other
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terrifying thing is that i realise that i am reading a writer‘s writing in front of the writer and 1000 other interested parties, so i am nervous. sarah, in your capacity as a judge, what were you looking for when you came to pick your winner? we'd been living with these books for the better part of the year, so we wanted to come into it with as much freshness as possible. this is the third reading of these books, so we know them as readers, and we have been considering them for a long time now. really, you want to come back with an open mind and think, what more can this book do for us, as readers, as thinkers? does it offer more page by page or has it lived in the memory in a capacity that means it has risen above its fellow books? it is an inordinately difficult process, and very emotional and intense towards the end. these are six wonderful books.
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0ne end. these are six wonderful books. one has the price, but the rest are so one has the price, but the rest are so beautiful that there were tears at the end of the meeting, in a joyful way, really, but at the end of the meeting, in a joyfulway, really, but in at the end of the meeting, in a joyful way, really, but in a sorrowful way for not winning. also ina sorrowful way for not winning. also in a fortified weight, too. —— in a fortified way. as a reader, we tend to read a book once, but as a judge, you read it three times: how does that change your appreciation of it? it shows you how the short list and the winner emerge. what caught my attention at the first reading was that it made me laugh, which was a great gift, considering the 156 novels we read, but after the laughter came the poetry, the depth and the social implications, and it kept on giving. being a booker winner doesn‘t last year, it lasts a
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career and beyond, so you need a book and writer that is going to deserve that of reading. sarah, you we re deserve that of reading. sarah, you were short listed in 2004, so you have some experience of what this evening is like as a short listed writer. did you have much of an appetite? no, no, no! it was terrifying and exciting. i was very young at the time and much of it passed by me. you just realise how loved literature is in this country, that this kind of thing can exist, such support for these books, not just financially but in terms of reach of our readers. developments have been made over the years, more writers are now eligible. it is very thing as a judge will stop 0livia will have experienced it too. she has beenjudging will have experienced it too. she has been judging an will have experienced it too. she has beenjudging an expanded field of fiction. you are no stranger to award ceremonies, having been nominated for a lot of awards,
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winning some and coming away empty—handed from others — how do you cope with a ceremony like this? iama you cope with a ceremony like this? i am a pessimist, which means that everything that goes well is a bonus that you didn‘t look for. i sit there cynically getting too drunk was on the occasions i have won, i have been pleasantly surprised. that is the only way to approach them, as an extra doorstop, should you need one. for literary prizes, more of the soul is involved, and the tremendous amount of cash, which a lot of writers need to feed themselves and their family. emily friedland‘s three—month—old baby is sitting here in a quiet room, and she will need that cash. we must leave it there, i‘m afraid. thank you both very much. and we will bring you the announcement of the
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winner live in a special programme on bbc news at 9:30pm. and we will all be watching. let‘s ta ke and we will all be watching. let‘s take a look at the weather. things are calmer than they were 24 hours ago. how long will that calm weather last? it will not last for long. make the most of it. lighter winds at the moment, some clear spells, particularly across the north. in these areas, it will turn chilly with a touch of frost. more clout of the southern half of england and wales, with outbreaks of patchy rain. these various zones of clear and cloudy weather will only move clear and cloudy weather will only m ove very clear and cloudy weather will only move very slowly. cloud and patchy rain moving slowly north across england and wales tomorrow. northern ireland should hold onto sunshine. clout for central and southern scotland, the best of the sunshine
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being across the north of scotland. 11 celsius here. getting into the start of the weekend, there is the potential for some very strong winds, severe gales perhaps in the south, so stay tuned to the forecast. we will keep you posted. hello. welcome to outside source. the de facto capital of the islamic state has fallen. is has been driven out by a us—backed, kurdish—led group fighting to return the city to its people. clearly all the residents, in fact probably all the residents, in fact probably all the residents, have now fled the city and many are in refugee camps. it is and many are in refugee camps. it is a terrible irony that in order to reta ke a terrible irony that in order to retake raqqa, they‘ve had to destroy the city. in iraq, government forces
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have taken oil fields from kurdish fighters. we‘ll also have reaction to the murder of an investigative journalist in malta. her son says the country‘s a mafia

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