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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 23, 2017 5:00am-5:31am BST

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news. my name is gavin grey and. our top stories: —— my name is ben bland. it looks like a resounding victory for shinzo abe as the japanese pm declares victory in the snap election. he's promised to focus on "strong diplomacy". demonstrators in malta demand justice for journalist daphne ca ruana galizia who was murdered last week. the un seeks hundreds of millions of dollars in pledges to support rohingya moslems who've fled myanmar. and i'm jamie robertson. a green light notjust for abe but for abenomics. his election win means that japanese prime minister shinzo abe can continue his economic reform programme. and will londoners be able to breath a little easier? today sees the introduction of a £10 a day charge for the most polluting vehicles driving in the capital. hello and welcome to the programme.
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prime minister shinzo abe has declared victory after japan's general election. his liberal democratic party and its junior coalition partner are forecast to secure 310 of the a65 seats in japan's lower house of parliament. mr abe said his imminent task would be to "deal firmly" with north korea, which would require "strong diplomacy". he's now on course to becomejapan‘s longest serving prime minister since the second world war. rupert wingfield hayes has the latest from tokyo. his report contains flash photography. shinzo abe took a gamble and it has paid off. this summer, the japanese prime minister's approval rating plunged to less than 30%. now he has won a big victory — four more years in power. this victory makes mr abe japan's most successful post—war politician. he was assisted to his win by typhoon lan which helped keep nearly half of japanese voters at home. but by far his biggest help
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was division and incompetence in japan's opposition parties. last month, this woman, the popular governor of tokyo, yuriko koike, vowed to take on mr abe at the polls, but come election day, she was at a conference in paris. mr abe claims he called the election because of the threat from north korea. he said he needed a mandate from the japanese people to get tough on pyongyang and its missile programme. translation: i believe this election was firstly about the north korean threat. you can say it is the biggest threat ever. but the issue much closer to shinzo abe's heart is changing japan's constitution. japan has a powerful modern military but for over 70 years, it has not fired a single shot in anger. article nine of the postwar constitution states that japan
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will forever renounce war and the use of force to settle international disputes. mr abe and his supporters considered those words a humiliation, forced upon them by the american victors. he now has the best chance he will ever get to remove them. there's plenty more detail and analysis of prime minister abe's resounding victory in japan on our website. that's just let you know, we're expecting eight press conference in which we will hear from eight press conference in which we will hearfrom shinzo eight press conference in which we will hear from shinzo abe eight press conference in which we will hearfrom shinzo abe in eight press conference in which we will hear from shinzo abe in the next hour or so. we will bring it here for you live on bbc world news. —— a press. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news.
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two people have been killed as typhoon lan moves across japan. officials have advised people living near the coast to evacuate to higher ground. the powerful storm is slowly moving northwards up the japanese archipelago and is expected to hit the capital in the coming hours. hundreds of flights and train services have been suspended. argentina's centre—right governing coalition is on course for victory in mid—term congressional elections. the result will strengthen president mauricio macri's position as he seeks to push forward with his programme of economic reforms. the most closely—watched race was in the province of buenos aires, where the former left—wing president, cristina fernandez de kirchner, is set to win a seat in the senate. russia's opposition leader has addressed an unauthorised political rally in the southern town of astrakhan, hours after being released from prison for organising illegal protests. a vocal critic of president putin, alexei navalny has been banned from contesting next year's presidential election because of a suspended prison sentence. the leaders of two regions in northern italy say a majority of voters there want more autonomy. the regions of veneto and lombardy together make up a third of the country's economy.
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their leaders say ninety per cent of people there voted for the idea of devolving powers from italy's central government in sunday's referendums. the results are not binding. thousands of people have been on the streets of the maltese capital, valetta, demanding justice over the murder of high—profile journalist daphne galizia. the 53—year—old was killed by a car—bomb near her home a week ago. the government has offered a large reward for information that helps identify the killer. sarah corker reports. the initial shock over daphne caruana galizia's death has now turned to anger and calls for justice. crowds in the maltese capital valetta demanded the resignation of this man, the police commissioner and the attorney general. outside the law courts, there is a growing shrine to the woman who was malta's best—known journalist. malta and maltese society will not rest untiljustice is served for the assassination of daphne caruana galizia.
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we want to turn civil society that is active enough and strong enough to protect us, to be free to voice our opinion and agree to disagree. we are here to protest forjustice, so thatjustice is made and is seen to be made, and for protection of freedom of speech. the prominentjournalist was killed last monday near her home in northern malta. police believe a bomb was attached underneath her car and triggered remotely. she was a harsh critic of the government and alleged corruption on the island. dominating malta's front pages on sunday was the slogan, "the pen conquers fear". last week, journalists held a rally to show they would not be intimidated by the killing. the 53—year—old ran a blog called running commentary and in herfinal post she wrote "there are crooks everywhere you look now, the situation is desperate." malta is the eu's smallest country
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with a population of around 420,000 people, a popular holiday destination. the government says no expense will be spared in finding the killers and has offered a reward of about $1.2 million for any information leading to the murderers. sunday's rally paid tribute to the mother of three's career as a fearless investigative reporter. sarah corker, bbc news. 0thers talk about the japanese elections a month ago. the economic situation played a big role in that. jamie is here with all the business news. it has done and it will do. the outlook for the world's third biggest economy will be shaped by shinzo abe until 2021. that is just as you have already heard, japan's prime minister won
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another term in sunday's elections. his second stint as prime minister began in 2012. and if the main stock index, the nikkei, is anything to go by he's been a good influence for the economy. it's hit new record highs in the last few days. much has been made of his abenomics platform for reform. but one of the big problems is that whilst inflation has been going up, it's only 0.7%, and that's well below the target of 2%. to try and boost inflation mr abe has overseen a huge stimulus programme. the latest part of that, worth almost $18 billion, was announced with the election. it will be spent on childcare and boosting productivity. it's being paid for by a 2% increase in sales tax. the plan to make it 10% from october 2019 was a big election issue. many of the world's big cities sufferfrom high pollution levels and london is bringing in a new measure to try and tackle it. from today, motorists who drive the highest polluting cars into the centre of london will have to pay an extra daily £10 emissions surcharge, almost doubling the cost
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of driving in the centre of the capital. that is about $12.50, that surcharge. we'll have more about that in world business report in 20 minutes. that is it will stop back to you, ben. —— that is it. back to you, ben. the us secretary of state has said iranian—backed militias who've been fighting is in iraq should disband, now the battle is drawing to a close. rex tillerson was speaking in saudi arabia on a tour of gulf countries. he praised an agreement between the saudi's and iraq to coordinate their fight against the militants and help rebuild iraqi territory. iranian militias that are in iraq, now that the fighting against daesh and isis is coming to a close, those militias need to go home. any foreign fighters in iraq need to go home and allow the iraqi people to regain control
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of areas that had been overtaken by isis, that have now been liberated. allow the iraqi people to rebuild their lives with the help of their neighbours and i think this agreement that has been put in place between the kingdom of saudi arabia and iraq is a crucial element to assisting the iraqi people to do that. rex tillerson, there. an undercover fbi agent who infiltrated radical islamic groups has spoken about his career in a tv interview, despite his real identity being a national secret. the spy, known as tamer elnoury, had to wear prosthetics and make up to disguise his appearance for the cbs interview. he said the 9/11 terror attacks inspired him to become an agent, and in 2012 he infiltrated al-qaeda and stopped a planned attack in toronto. in his interview he explained his interest in working undercover. there is nothing like putting your arm around the bad guy,
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and telling him that you're his best friend. getting him to commit and tell you all the secrets, and all the evil inside him, and locking him up that way was much more challenging and intriguing to me. and ifound and i found that that was my niche. sentencing hearings begin today for bowe bergdahl, the us serviceman who left his post in afghanistan in 2009, and spent five years as a prisoner of the taliban. last week he pleaded guilty to desertion and misbehaviour before the enemy. gary 0'donoghue reports. the case has divided america. the somme he's a trader, for others a man who should never have have been sent to afghanistan in the first place. in june of sent to afghanistan in the first place. injune of 2009, sergeant bergdahl walked off his base and was ca ptu red bergdahl walked off his base and was captured by the teller ben two or
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three hours later. the us military spent 45 days actively looking for him and say three servicemen suffered life changing injuries in the search. but five years past his release, in a swap for five and is of the teller ben, who had been held at guantanamo bay, he had been held ina cage at guantanamo bay, he had been held in a cage for three years. —— taliban. ten months after this, the military announced he would because marshall. his case became more controversial during the election campaign, when donald trump appeared to prejudge the military court. campaign, when donald trump appeared to prejudge the military courtm campaign, when donald trump appeared to prejudge the military court. is a traitor. a no good traitor. he should have been executed. we get sergeant bergdahl, and they get five of the biggest killers that they have wa nted of the biggest killers that they have wanted more than any people.
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sergeant bergdahl said he left his post to highlight failings in leadership. in a recently revealed interview, he appeared to have little faith in the justice he was facing. at least they had the decency of saying i am the guy who will cut ahead. back here, it is just like, you know, the guy that you just passed in the hallway, with a piece of paperwork that he just had you sign, could very easily be the person, or very be representing the person, or very be representing the people, who are going to make sure that you spent the rest of your yea rs sure that you spent the rest of your years in prison, all make sure that they hit you with everything they can. bowe bergdahl could face life in prison for the offences he is committed. the army will push hard for it to sentence. his defence lawyers will call for leniency, saying he has a ready suffered enough at the hands of the taliban. his fate will be known shortly. stay with us on bbc news. still to come... the acid threat to our oceans — scientists warn that rising c02 levels will effect all sea life with catastrophic results. a historic moment that
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many of his victims have waited forfor decades. the former dictator in the dock, older, slimmer and, as he sat down, obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plain outside korem, it lights up a biblicalfamine, now in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion — in argentina today, it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies in the past with great britain, but as good friends, we have always found a good and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style after almost three decades in service. an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long, taxis home one last time. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: japan's prime minister shinzo abe has declared victory in his country's snap election and pledged to reverse the country's pacifist constitution. thousands of people have attended the latest demonstration in malta to call forjustice for the murdered journalist, daphne caruana galizia. she was killed by a car bomb on monday. the united nations is trying to raise money to support rohingya muslims who have fled myanmar. more than 500,000 have arrived in bangladesh and thousands more are crossing the border every day, creating a massive humanitarian emergency. imogen foulkes reports from geneva. it is the world's fastest growing refugee crisis. in just eight weeks,
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over 600,000 people have fled their homes in myanmar‘s reclined state, hoping for safety in bangladesh. a country that is not wealthy and which was already sheltering 300,000 rohingya muslims from an earlier outbreak of violence. 0ver rohingya muslims from an earlier outbreak of violence. over half the refugees are children. crammed into makeshift, overcrowded camps, they lack the most asic necessities for survival — clean water, shelter, and food. the un wants 433 million—dollar is to support the refugees and the bangladeshi community is hosting them to the end of february. donor countries attending the pledging conference in geneva are being urged to be generous, to show solidarity in the face of such an enormous humanitarian disaster. aid agencies know this crisis is likely to get
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worse. tens of thousands of people are waiting at the border. desperate to get across. and the only way the un can help them is in bangladesh because myanmar‘s government continues to restrict access to reclined state. the spanish government denies accusations from the regional authorities in catalonia that it has carried out a coup. it's after madrid moved to impose direct control on the region after the disputed independence referendum. people opposed to catalan independence have been protesting in barcelona, from where tom burridge reports. this scene, hard to imagine just a few weeks ago. maybe 200 people outside a military barracks in barcelona. chanting. gestures of support for spain's civil guard police and the army inside. chanting.
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"puigdemont to prison", they call. the catalan leader has disobeyed the spanish government. and these people support madrid's move to scrap catalonia's devolved government and take control. i also have friends that want independence and they tell me things that are lies, and i try to talk to them but they are like a wall. two sides, two visions of a catalan crisis, neither listening to the other. the atmosphere today in catalonia is febrile. people here outside a military barracks calling for catalan politicians to be arrested, and calling for action to be taken against catalonia's public radio and tv. madrid accuses the catalan public tv channel of propaganda which spanish officials claim has fuelled the pro—independence cause. in a highly controversial move, madrid might try to exert control
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over their programmes. i think it would be terrible, because we are doing ourjob. we are journalists. we are here to explain the things that happen here in catalonia, in spain and in the world. and i think that they are violating one of the principal rights of freedom of speech. and the spanish state has jailed susanna's husband. jordi sanchez, the leader of a prominent pro—independence organisation is accused of inciting public disorder during a demonstration. a charge he, his family, and supporters strenuously deny. translation: he is a political prisoner. he is not a politician but he is in jailfor defending his ideals. the spanish government denies that susanna's husband and another
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activist who has also been refused bail, are political prisoners. but susanna has no confidence they will get a fair trial, when the political climate in spain is as it is today. an 8—year study involving over 250 scientists has concluded that all sea life around the world will be affected by co2 emissions. the report suggests that cod stocks could fall to a quarter of current levels and infant sea creatures will be particularly harmed. the bbc‘s environment analyst roger harrabin reports. here is the effect of carbon dioxide on seawater. these bubbles contain natural c02 from an underwater volcano in papua new guinea. few sea creatures can live here because the c02 has made nearby water more acidic. swim away from those vents and what a difference — the sea's chemistry returns to normal.
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wonderful reef life can thrive. but industrial society is churning out c02 on a massive scale and the gas is being absorbed into sea water round the world, making it all more acidic. today's report warns of major impacts on sea life. this comprehensive study confirms what we have been observing globally — ocean acidification is a problem. acidity is increasing, and that is notjust having an impact on the ecology but it will have an impact on us as humans further down the line. take one fish we love to eat — cod. the research shows that baby cod are especially sensitive to more acidic water. it projects that if c02 levels rise unchecked, we should expect only a quarter as many cod in the seas. some species will thrive with the changes, the scientists say, like some seaweeds. but the report warns that all sea
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life will be affected by the disruption of the food web in the seas. in sport, we'll start with formula 1 where lewis hamilton has won the united states grand prix in texas but hasn't clinched the world championship just yet. the british driver, who claimed his 62nd career victory taking the honours in austin, is within touching distance of a fourth world title. but he didn't get off to a great start on sunday after losing his lead at the very start of the race to his main challenger, ferrari's sebastian vettel. the mercedes driver, whose team wrapped up a fourth consecutive constructors title, regained the advantage shortly after, however, and hamilton now leads the championship by 66 points with three races remaining. that fourth title could come in mexico next weekend as the 32—year—old now needs only to finish fifth to gain the number of points required.
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now to the english premier league, where there were emphatic wins for both tottenham hotspur and arsenal on sunday. tottenham are now level on points with manchester united in third. they thrashed liverpool 4—1 at wembley. harry kane scored twice as mauricio pochettino's side dominated early on. son heung—min was on the scoresheet, as well as dele alli, in a match that set a premier league attendance record. liverpool are now 12 points off the top after nine games. they have won just once in their last six league matches. spurs are just five off the pace ahead of their next league match which will be away to manchester united on saturday. arsenal climbed up to fifth after thrashing everton 5—2 at goodison park. the defeat increases the pressure on under—fire toffees manager ronald koeman, whose team drop into the relegation zone as arsene wenger‘s side move level with chelsea. everton were also reduced to ten men in the second half. the bbc 100 women team have
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packed their suitcases and have made their way to rio dejaneiro. it's where they are looking at sexism in sport — yet another of the challenges! the 100 women season has come to rio and the last four challenges we will try to tackle the problem of sexism in sport. rizal is the land of the all but did you know that women were not allowed to play here for decades and until 1979. we are getting together a team of experts, women, who have dedicated their lives are overcoming barriers for women in sport and we are going to ask them to come up with solutions to make sure that young girls like these have an equal playing field. it is talk to one of them. the weezer? the weezer is the youngest player here,
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she is 13 and a playing football she has a blog in which she writes about her passion for the sport and about your training routine. why is it important for you to talk to other girls about what to do?” important for you to talk to other girls about what to do? i feel really encouraging to them to do what they want and knowing that other girls love soccer two. that's great. good luck to you. thank you. so we will be keeping you up—to—date about our progress here in rio, the 100 women season in brazil. don't forget, you can reach me and some of the team here on twitter. stay with us here on bbc news. back with the headlines injust stay with us here on bbc news. back with the headlines in just one moment. we may have got rid of store brian but remains of him now sitting area of low pressure in the north sea.
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there is another big blow in the atla ntic there is another big blow in the atlantic that is setting the scene for our weather for the weekend. the vegeta bles for our weather for the weekend. the vegetables that offshore in the atla ntic vegetables that offshore in the atlantic and will throw a number of fronts are we, i think all the milderairupfrom fronts are we, i think all the milder air up from south in midweek. here we are though most of monday, the gloomy prospects to start the week. cloud and trade across scotland, greater northern island of brightening from the west here, and a wet beginning to the new beginning —— week, and overcast skies further east, rain will be on the way here ina east, rain will be on the way here in a couple of hours. the good news about the weather front on monday though it along with the breezy conditions, we have managed to move eastwards ready quickly so northern island actually sees some sunshine for much of the day, albeit with some showers. writer in scotland. some showers in the afternoon. much improved in northern england, wales and the midlands. the eastern counties lumbered with some cloud but mild. 70 degrees the top temperature. below is swelling
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around monday night into tuesday and it throws up some fronts are we. some of weather to come through the small hours of tuesday. still lingering across england and wales through the day as well. heavy rain perhaps getting into northern england, northern ireland for a time. more than scotland's brightest. further south, rather overcast and gloomy looking but it will feel mild, 18 is the high in london. the weather front is the line between the grey and muggy conditions to the south of the british all through the middle part and cooler, clearer conditions in the north. there will be some uncertainty is exactly to wear that weather front lies. wednesday, fairly south but great prospects across much of wales in the southern half of england but mild and 18 here. north, widespread sunshine but temperatures 13— 1a. the mild weather and gloomy conditions pushing north on thursday that if the fund managers to break through the fund managers to break through the cloud, temperatures could shoot up the cloud, temperatures could shoot up into the low 20s. but to outlook
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for the week ahead. still changeable, still some rain to come at times but like a wind that we have got an mild weather on the way. this is bbc world news. the headlines: japanese prime minister shinzo abe's ruling coalition is on course for a resounding victory in sunday's general election, according to exit polls. 0n hearing of his victory he said he would "firmly deal with" threats from north korea. thousands of people have attended the latest demonstration in malta to call forjustice for the murdered journalist, daphne caruana galizia. the writer — who denounced political corruption and organised crime — was killed in a car bomb attack on monday. a special united nations conference is taking place in geneva later to raise money to alleviate what it says is the huge humanitarian emergency affecting more than half a million rohingya muslims who have fled myanmar to bangladesh in recent weeks. the american secretary of state, rex tillerson —
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