this is bbc news, i'm gavin grey. our top stories: si, si, si. spain imposes direct rule on catalonia hours after its politicians vote for independence. the prime minister mariano rajoy sacks the catalan leader, his cabinet and chief of police, vowing to restore the rule of law. (chanting) but catalan separatists are defiant, saying the independence vote means they no longer fall under spanishjurisdiction. hello and welcome to bbc news. the spanish government has taken control of catalonia, dissolved its parliament and announced new elections
after the regional parliament in barcelona voted to establish an independent republic. the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, said his cabinet had fired the catalan leader, carles puigdemont, and ordered new elections to be held in december. mr rajoy said the unprecedented imposition of direct rule on catalonia was essential to "recover normality". earlier in the day, pro—independence supporters turned out on the streets of barcelona in their thousands to celebrate the declaration of independence. our correspondent gavin lee went there. this is the situation right now, opposite the government office in barcelona, one of the main squares, just look around right now. thousands of people with the red, yellow blue flag, the white star as
well. there are pensioners, children, dogs here, these are the people who have been watching earlier today the parliament, the voting take place, they have been watching on the big screen outside, partying or they and they believe that for them, albeit illegally, there is a moment to claim independence. there are people who a spoken to who are not coming out who think that catalan committee has been lost they are calling for the cata la n been lost they are calling for the catalan president to come to the balcony, the spanish by minister says that he will be removed, and there will be elections, but for these people that is another day, tonight there are celebrations. surgeons in the indian capital, delhi, have separated twin boys who were conjoined at the tops of their heads. it's the first time the surgery has been attempted in india, from a condition so rare it's
thought to only occur once in every three million births. andrew plant reports. a smile from this 2—year—old boy as his brother plays with a mobile phone. the twins born sharing blood vessels and brain tissue, a condition so rare it affects one in 3 million bets. the operation to separate them has never been attended india before. half the children born with the condition die in the first 2a hours. but after the surgery, the twins were successfully separated, lying individually to the first time. separated, lying individually for the very first time. the team of 30 doctors in delhi so the operation went well. the coming weeks will be critical to see if the twins can survive and thrive living separate lives. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. iraq's prime minister, haider al—abadi, has ordered a 24—hour suspension
of military operations against kurdish fighters in the north of the country. baghdad ordered the offensive in response to the recent vote by kurds for their autonomous region to become an independent country. clashes between the two sides have left dozens of people dead. voting in the re—run presidential election in kenya has been postponed indefinitely. it had been due to take place in four volatile western counties on saturday, but authorities said the safety threat to electoral workers was too great. an italian man who is hiv—positive has been sent to prison for 2h yea rs, after being found guilty of intentionally infecting 30 women through unprotected sex. the court heard valentino talluto seduced young women he met through internet dating sites for ten years after knowing he was infected. and hundreds of airline enthusiasts
watched from a packed viewing platform as the last ever flight of the german carrier, air berlin, touched down in its home city. the company filed for administration in august, after nearly four decades of flying. the future of thousands of employees is unclear. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: hidden for centuries — the 16th century painting obscuring a portrait underneath, believed to be mary queen of scots. let's return now to our top story and a full report now from our europe editor katya adler. si, si, si. one by one, the yes votes were counted, celebrated, relished by this delirious pro—independence crowd. as they watched the catalan parliament finally after weeks, some here say years, of waiting, vote on separation from spain. we want the republic.
do you believe it will happen today? yes. it has to be today. and today it was. (cheering and applause). all around here catala ns are singing their national anthem, the national anthem they now believe belongs to their independent republic, separate from the spanish state. there are so many questions. what will the spanish government now do? but for now, this crowd just wants to celebrate. it's a long time we are waiting for this moment, we deserve this. lam crying! are you happy? very, very. but anxiety soon spread amongst all the euphoria as the "what next" began to weigh heavy on people's minds. a catalan republic had been declared, but not
in everyone‘s name. many here don't want independence. just around the corner we found this man waving a spanish flag. translation: i'm not happy, i'm not represented, the catalan people as a whole didn't vote. translation: it's disastrous, the result of an extended manipulation which does not reflect the will of the catalan people. but nothing today was going to stop the catalan president savouring his moment in history. from the catalan parliament he spoke of his emotions, but also of his conviction that declaring catalan independence was the right thing to do, the legitimate thing to do, he said. hardly the view of the spanish government in madrid, which is fuming. the public prosecutor here says he'll be filing charges of rebellion against
the catalan president. at the very same time the catalan parliament voted on independence today, the spanish senate gave the green light to mariano rajoy‘s government to sack the catalan leadership and bring the reins of power back to madrid. this is the first time in modern spanish history that one of the country's autonomous regions has had its powers stripped away. tonight, after an emergency cabinet meeting, the spanish prime minister explained why. translation: normality starts with law. in order to return institutional legitimacy and to give a voice to all catalans, i have now dissolved the catalan parliament in order to hold regional elections on the 21st of december. but what mr rajoy didn't explain was how he intends to impose direct madrid rule on the hundreds of thousands of catalans who reject it. tonight, independence supporters
in barcelona are celebrating with abandon their brand—new republic, with no power and little recognition, dancing on the edge of a precipice. the decision by the catalan parliament to declare independence has been condemned by leaders across europe. barcelona has had a long fractious relationship with madrid, but things have been brought to a head by the disputed independence referendum earlier this month. sarah rainsford reports from madrid. support for a tough stance against catalan independence. many spaniards, like their government, see the move to break away as illegal. so they've begun flying the national flag here to show they're backing for a united country and for madrid's move to take control in catalonia. natividad told me the separatists should be in prison for their move. this man still hoped the crisis
could be sorted so catalonia stays with spain. his friends are from all over the country. but catalan separatism has deep roots. the region's push for autonomy was a key trigger for the civil war and general franco's repression was brutal. granting autonomy was part of spain's return to democracy. now, at least temporarily, madrid is reimposing control. after securing support from the senate, spain's government moved quickly into a crisis meeting to decide its next steps. imposing direct rule over catalonia is an unprecedented move and one with unseen consequences, but at this point there seems to be little mood here in madrid for compromise. tonight the government set out its plan. the catalan parliament will be dissolved with new elections on the 21st of december.
catalan ministries, that employ more than 28,000 people, will be run from madrid. the chief of police has been fired with 17,000 members of his police force now overseen by the spanish state. for now, madrid has international backing. the president of the european commission said spain had made its choice and the eu won't interfere. but on paper, the government's plan is one thing, implementing it in this climate is fraught with risk. there will be more tension and confrontation in the coming days and weeks. it's not a question of will. at a certain point there will be an incident and that could trigger a serious confrontation and nobody knows what will happen. so despite this apparent calm, how the government handles its next move will be critical. an alleged member of the banned far—right group, national action, has appeared in court —
accused of planning to murder the labour mp rosie cooper with a machete. the 22—year—old man is charged with terrorism offences and threatening to kill a policewoman. he appeared at westminster magistrates court along with five other men. they were all remanded in custody. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford reports. arriving at westminster magistrates‘ court this morning in a police convoy from manchester, the two men accused of a neo—nazi terrorist plot to murder a labour mp. in all, six men appeared in the dock. all are charged with being members of the banned neo—nazi group national action. one of them can't be named for legal reasons. the allegations are that the six had been meeting in this warrington warehouse which they had converted into a gym and in a pub nearby. the charge says that from the day national action was banned in december last year until the day they were arrested in september, all six men had remained members. the prosecution say that
christopher lythgoe was their leader and he is also charged with encouraging murder, in fact with giving permission for one of the group to kill rosie cooper, the mp for lancashire west, on behalf of national action. the man he's accused of encouraging, the 22—year—old who can't be named, has been charged with preparing a terrorist act by buying a machete with which to murder rosie cooper mp. he also faces a separate charge of making a threat to kill a detective who was investigating him. all six men said they would plead not guilty and will remain in custody until they appear at the old bailey next friday. before national action was banned last december, it had been most active in northern cities. the home secretary said it was a racist organisation which glorifies violence and which had absolutely no place in britain. two lorry drivers involved in a
fatal accident on the mi in august have pleaded not guilty to eight cou nts have pleaded not guilty to eight counts causing death i dangerous driving. both men will stand trial on to be in exterior. the man had also denied causing death by careless driving over the alcohol limit. the other driver who is 53 and from stoke admitted causing death by careless driving. a minibus driver and seven passengers were killed in the crash near milton keynes. this is bbc news, and these are the headlines this hour. after catalonia declares independence, the spanish by minister announces tough new measures including the sacking of the catalan leader, his cabinet and chief of police and new elections. but catalan separatists say the independence vote means they no longerfall under
say the independence vote means they no longer fall under spanish jurisdiction. south africa's huge corruption scandal has cost the country billions and damaged its international reputation. at the centre of allegations is south africa's enormously wealthy gupta family. it's claimed they used their close ties to president zuma to win contracts and siphon off huge payments, claims they deny. from south africa, andrew harding reports. south africa is in trouble, a young democracy now engulfed by a spectacular corruption scandal. at its heart, allegedly, president jacob zuma and a wealthy family, the guptas, originally from india. leaked e—mails have fuelled claims of a conspiracy to create a parallel shadow state, in order to loot on a grand scale. our concern is the fact that they come into a country like ours, which is a young democracy, and essentially rob us of billions, even hundreds of billions of rands. and that's damaging our
democratic project and our credibility as a country. the guptas and president zuma deny any wrongdoing, but the net is widening, fuelling public anger. global companies have become embroiled in the scandal. the british pr firm bell pottinger is already in ruins after admitting to an inappropriate campaign on behalf of the guptas. the guptas‘ auditors, kpmg, have sacked their top management here. now comes the news that germany's software giant sap is being investigated over claims it pays multi—million dollar bribes to a gupta—linked company. scotland yard is looking at whether british banks were involved. the fbi has also begun an investigation. it's all prompting some alarming questions. is president zuma in control of the state,
or is there a shadow system that is running appointments, procurements? is it a mafia state then? well, it certainly has hallmarks that appear that the accountability is completely eroded. president zuma, may we ask you a question, sir? these days, he almost never gives interviews. hardly surprising. president zuma is under growing pressure here in south africa. for years he's been shrugging off allegations of corruption, but now international governments and foreign companies are getting involved, making it much harder for this scandal to go away. the allegations are stirring up tension within the governing anc. the chairs flying, as prominent figures warn that mr zuma is wrecking the nation. we are fast approaching that precipice, and it is zuma looting the state with his
cronies, and demolishing the capacity of the state. again, mrzuma insists he has done nothing wrong, but this resilient nation is being tested. andrew harding, bbc news, south africa. the department of health and the nhs have been told to "get their act together" and improve their cyber security, following a major hacking attack in may this year. the national audit office said more than a third of trusts in england were affected, with around seven thousand appointments cancelled. our technology correspondent, rory cellan—jones, reports. it was a cyber attack that locked up computers around the world with a message demanding a ransom payment, but the nhs was among the organisations worst hit and it wasn't ready to deal with it. 81 health trusts across england were affected. more than 19,000 appointments were cancelled, including 139 potential cancer referrals. everything we do is based around
the use of computers for the records so when you don't have that it's basically impossible to work with any degree of efficiency. this gp surgery on merseyside was among nearly 600 whose work was disrupted, with no clear instructions about what to do. in medicine we have this thing called the golden hour. when anything major happens, that first hour is critical. nothing happened, there was no "by the way, please check business continuity is accessible, you might want to print off your list of patients this afternoon, you might want to put some contact numbers in there, you might want to do social media" or whatever. all that side of communications was completely absent. this, the royal london, was one of the worst affected hospitals, with ambulances having to be diverted to other a&e departments. there was a national plan to deal with a cyber attack but it hadn't been rehearsed at local level. that meant people didn't know who to contact and the fact their computers weren't working
made it even trickier. all this could have been avoided if health trusts had followed instructions to apply security patches which would have stopped the ransomware in its tracks. it wasn't a terribly sophisticated virus and so the patches that are issued nationally by nhs digital and updated locally by those bodies, in some cases that hadn't happened and so it was quite simple for the virus to get into those organisations. now the nhs has been told it needs a clear plan to respond to future cyber attacks. we have been getting our act together, we are getting our act together, we are putting funding in, we are putting education in. we are rolling out the programmes that were in place before this attack, and we will continue to improve over time. the government now says north korea was behind the wannacry ransomware and further attacks can't be ruled out but hospitals are warning
that cyber security is costly and they will need more money to shore up their defences. rory cellan—jones, bbc news. the public needed to be convinced that lee harvey oswald was the real killer of president kennedy in order to quash the conspiracy theories. that was the opinion of the then fbi directorj edgar hoover, revealed in a huge release of previously classified documents. but those hoping to find out all the answers about kennedy's assassination in 1963 may have to wait, as nick bryant reports now from washington. it appears as though something has happened in the motorcade group. something terrible had indeed happened, and from the moments afterwards until the modern day, it has been the subject of fascination and dispute. the president of the united states is dead. as the grieving began, so, too, did a global investigation, the assassin quickly identified as lee harvey oswald, the lone gunman, according to the official explanation. the newly declassified documents reveal warnings from the fbi to the dallas police that he, too, might be murdered. just days afterwards, of course, he was shot and later died, spawning conspiracy theories he'd been silenced. and the fbi suspected his killer,
jack ruby, had mob connections. there is also a memo from the then fbi directorj edgar hoover, which hints of a rush to judgment. just 25 minutes before john f kennedy's death, even as his motorcade was making its way through the streets of dallas, the documents reveal an anonymous call to a british newspaper, the cambridge news, telling the reporter to ring the american embassy because big news was in the offing. i don't know what happened at the time, but we don't appear to have covered it then, so it may be that an editorial
decision was made that it was a crank call, or it had nothing to do with reality. part of a conspiracy, or simply a coincidence? many of these documents add to the confusion. this has not yet proven to be quite the treasure trove jfk scholars were hoping . the crownjewels, the most classified materials, are still being held under lock and key by the national archives, following last—minute interventions by the cia and fbi. president trump wants those released over the next six months. it's more than half a century since kennedy was laid to rest, but the conspiracy theories are very much alive, and that will continue while a shroud of secrecy still cloaks this traumatic event. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. an unfinished portrait, believed to be of mary queen of scots, has been found hidden underneath another 16th century painting. the discovery was made when the picture was x—rayed as part of a research project.
it's going on display at the scottish national portrait gallery from saturday. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. sirjohn maitland was lord chancellor of scotland in the late 16th century. this portrait of him was by the dutch painter adrian va nson, court painter to king james. but when researchers x—rayed this painting, this was what they found underneath. a ghostlike image believed to be of scotland's former queen. i was quite shocked to discover a woman's face looking at me, and then i realised having grown up in scotland that i thought it was mary queen of scots, and i was so excited that i ran up three flights of stairs to show it to my mentor. mary was forced to abdicate in 1567 and was held prisoner by her cousin, elizabeth i, for nearly 20 years
before her final execution. a heroin for some, a villain for others. the factor we have to think about is mary's execution. the inscribed date on this portrait is 1589 and mary was executed in 1587. to have openly displayed a portrait of mary would have been quite a dangerous decision. since the portrait of sirjohn maitland is so valuable in and of itself, the painting will never be stripped back. the image of mary queen of scots will never be restored. herface always hidden away from history. tim allman, bbc news. hello. the weekend's looking quite chilly and blustery, particularly across northern britain. it's not going to be windy all through the weekend but saturday especially blustery across scotland and northern england, around the pennines,
where we'll be touching gale force at times. and on top of that we've got a lot of cloud heading our way, certainly not looking sunny across the north. the best of the sunshine is expected further south. in the short term we've got clearer skies across southern areas where we have the high pressure. you can see quite a few isobars already there across scotland so the winds are strengthening. these are the temperatures first thing on saturday, pretty much the same right across the country, but the night, the following night, will be colder. so saturday dawns on a bright note across many southern and central as well as eastern areas but through the course of the morning into the afternoon, the clouds will be thickening, the winds will be strengthening, there will be some spots of rain around as well. i think the strongest gusts of wind will probably be around the pennines towards the east of the pennines too, gusts approaching 40—50,
maybe even more, right over the tops of the pennines. further south, the winds won't be anywhere near as strong and we'll have some sunshine around. so actually if you live across southern parts of the uk, and this is lunchtime, the weather isn't looking bad at all. so there will be some fine weather around on saturday, itjust won't be everywhere. many western and northern areas will be shrouded with cloud and this is where it'll feel coolest, although the temperatures still not too bad, averaging around 1a degrees across the uk. the winds will probably peaked later in the afternoon. it will still remain windy through the course of saturday night and then there will be a change in the wind direction. look at that, the winds will tend to ease across the uk, so sunday won't be anywhere near as windy and there's more sunshine on the way. just a few sprinkles, a few showers there across the north—east of scotland, maybe down into east anglia, but on balance, a lovely day. cooler, temperatures only into single figures across scotland and northern england. pretty stormy on sunday across many western and central parts of europe, a huge area of low pressure sending strong cold winds from the north.
we're underneath the high pressure so big contrast between the east and the west. the winds will fall light sunday night into monday. and then by tuesday the temperatures should start recovering again. this is bbc news, the headlines: the spanish prime minister, mariano rajoy, has sacked the catalan leader, carles puigdemont, his cabinet and the director—general of police after catalonia formally declared independence from spain. mr rajoy has announced elections in the autonomous region for 21 december. spain's senate earlier voted in favour of direct rule from madrid.