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tv   BBC World News America  BBC News  November 2, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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this is bbc world news today eric dier reporting from washington. meet the man picked to head the us federal reserve. jill rovman powell tapped for the top spot. we are giving them a big beautiful christmas present in the form of a tremendous tax cut. authorities learning more about the man behind the new york terror attack. and scientists discovered a new species of orangutan, soria it has gone straight onto the endangered species list. —— so rare. welcome to our viewers on public television and america and around the globe. president trump today nominated jerome powell to be the next chairman of the federal
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reserve. this confirmed, the former investment banker will take over in february. any ceremony in the rose garden, president trump said jerome powell was the perfect man to lead the central bank and keep america's economy growing. we have had back—to—back quarters of 3% growth and we are doing better and better every single week. but if we are to sustain all of this tremendous economic progress, our economy requires sound monetary policy and prudent oversight of our banking system. that is why we need strong, sound and steady leadership at the united states federal reserve. for more on this i was joined united states federal reserve. for more on this i wasjoined by a senior economics correspondent for the new york times. this wasn't exactly unexpected but it also sounds like there won't be much change. is he a safe pet? president
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trump is leading the needle. he is basically happy with how it is being run and the stock market is strong so that suggests continuity, but if you want continuity but also want somebody who is not a democrat and not appointed by barack obama, this is the choice he has made. he knows the organisation and you would expect continuity with current policy rather than radical change. but this is a big job, how likely will it be that he gets confirmed? it looks very likely. here's the republican but he is conciliatory and centrist so i think he will get plenty of democrat votes. confirmation is not the issue, it is what kind of leader do you want for this organisation. he is not an economist but a lawyer and he doesn't come with some of the economic heft. he doesn't have an
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economics degree. a lot of the responsibilities involve banking regulation and all kinds of contributed things that don't involve monetary policy and you have a lot of smart economists around him. it has been a big day for the economy because the republicans unveiled their tax plan, something the president has been behind so far, and also something he has put a lot of political weight behind. let's ta ke lot of political weight behind. let's take a look at what he said. we are working together the american people a giant tax cut for christmas. we are giving them a beautiful christmas present in the form of a term in this tax cut. it will be the biggest cut in the history of our country. it will create jobs. the democrats don't see it that way and say it will harm the middle class and bring up the deficits so where do we go from here? who stands to benefit?m
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deficits so where do we go from here? who stands to benefit? it is a complex package, corporate taxes and individual taxes and affects a lot of deductions suffered any individual or company it depends on where you set on a lot of these detail this use, whether you are over a $500,000 cap that they want to put in place. what industries and deductions you benefit from today. the biggest is cutting the corporate tax rate getting rid of a lot of deductions. there are things if your run of poor middle—class individual that can cause issues, state and local income tax deduction for people in high tax rates is consequential and home builders do not like this plan because they think it will damage housing. the republicans have not had much success with getting signature pieces of legislation through and have not done well with 0bamacare for instance. how likely is this to get through on rescue map it looks more likely than 0bamacare repeal.
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that said boro a lot of moving pieces and such a narrow majority, only two seats, it takes three senators to back away for the bill to feel. it is a triangle. if you move one thing you make more people unhappy because it might raise taxes that they don't do that you can raise the deficit so just a lot of moving pieces to keep these things together. they are trying to move very quickly and take this complex plan with all these elements that affect every corner of the us economy and push it through perhaps before the end of the year. that will be a large list given the fragility of the coalition. it has been two base since the terror attack in new york city which left eight people dead and today the bike path has been reopened. the suspect has been speaking to investigators about how he plotted the assault, but when it comes to justice president trump has already
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weighed in cnp deserves the death penalty. the latest from new york. the flags at half—mast but what has been striking about the new york attack is how quickly the city has settled back into everyday life. the bike path we are people were mowed down been reopened. close to where the attack ended, a small memorial. this is a city of incessant motion and life goes on. handcuffed and shackled, the suspect sayfullo saipov has now been charged with federal offences which could bring the death penalty. waving his rights he has spoken to prosecutors said he chose halloween to might the pack because the streets would be more crowded. he also wanted to display
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the flags of the so—called islamic state in his rented truck but thought it would draw attention to himself. he also intended to continue the drive as far as brooklyn bridge. the security camera ca ptu red brooklyn bridge. the security camera captured sayfullo saipov as he rented the vehicle in newjersey. he decided to use a truck two months ago and had hired one previously to practice completing ta rta ns. ago and had hired one previously to practice completing tartans. the indications are that he acted alone. he got all this off the internet. was it directed? was this part of a planned? at this point we don't see anything that leads us to believe anyone else was involved but i caution. in a series of tweets donald trump said he would love to send sayfullo saipov to guantanamo but that would take longer than the federal system. he added that there is something appropriate to keeping him in the home of the terrible
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crime he committed. he called for the death penalty. presidents have traditionally not commented so voluble on active criminal cases because of the fear of prejudicing proceedings. those don't seem to be concerns of donald trump who has labelled the us justice system a laughing stock. 0ther labelled the us justice system a laughing stock. other news making headlines around the world. spanish prosecutors are seeking a european arrest warrant for the deposed cata la n arrest warrant for the deposed catalan leader. he is in brussels with his lawyer saying he cannot return to spain to seek trial because the climate is not good for him to return. it comes as eight other catalan leaders are placed in custody following a high court appearance in madrid. theresa may has hosted her is really is really counterpart on the anniversary of
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the balfour declaration. it is a polarising topic with israeli and jewish communities regarding it as momentous and palestinian authorities regarding it as an injustice. for the first time in ten years the bank of england has raised interest rates. it has been raised from 0.25% to 0.5%, the first increase since july 2000 seven. it reverses the cut in august last year made in the wake of the vote to leave the european union. president trump leaves for his first official trip to asia on friday. the agenda will be dominated by the risk of conflict over the north korean nuclear weapons programme but behind that crisis is an underlying struggle for strategic dominance in asia between washington and beijing. a game where the pastor is american
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but the future may be chinese. big stars are moving here for the money. there are almost as many chinese shooting hoops as there are americans on the planet. the united states is still the one to beat and baltic china time to catch up but basketball is our national sport now and you can play anywhere. the rules of basketball and one thing but the rules of the global power club and another. china has resisted american lecturers on open markets and democracy. it is winning its own way. america first warned candidate donald trump. we can't allowed to continue china to rape our country... but when he played host in april he needed china's help on north korea. the
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we re china's help on north korea. the were no trade sanctions. he called the chinese president a good friend. the chinese president has lots of friends, party comrade is his promise that china will build a first—class military and moved to centre stage. this is the generation who will have to make that dream come true. explaining the map of asia from a chinese point of view. since world war ii, the us navy has patrolled these contested sees but china is pressing its claim and rivalry is growing. i think the two presidents should better communicate and to try to compromise, so maybe in this case lots of the security problems can be solved or at least decreased. i do think there will be more rivalry but also more opportunities. artificial
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intelligence and many high—tech areas that requires cooperation between china and the united states. if we look back into history we will see that a lot of wards originated from the economic conflicts. chinese history has seen many great powers rise and fall. it builds its us strategy brick by careful brecht. president trump's visit will see him do nothing to antagonise his guest. he has less reason than any other recent chinese leader to both american demands. he sees the united states is in steep decline and china rising ina states is in steep decline and china rising in a power game to define our century. and of course we will be bringing
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you fool coverage of that very significant threat, the longest undertaken by a us president in asia for 25 years. now to our week—long series marking 100 years since the russian revolution. 0ur moscow correspondent has been travelling through russia for a series of special reports. he began his journey in st petersburg and has ended up some 6000: it away, describing how it would take several yea rs describing how it would take several years and a civil war before the bolsheviks established total control over russia. the russian revolution and this manner both 100 years old. he has survived three famines, fought in four wards and survived three famines, fought in fourwards and in survived three famines, fought in four wards and in his lifetime, czarist russia and soviet russia have fallen apart. how does a nation survive that kind of century? because our people are strong and
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they are patriotically at we love our motherland and we are ready to die for it. his home is in the far east of russia. china is closer than most of russia and the cradle of the revolution is a world away with more than 6000 kilometres east of st petersburg. it would take the bolsheviks five years and the brutal civil war before they conquered this area. the decisive battle was nearby. soviet mythology painted the red sires triumphant heroes. the anti—communist white army deservedly crushed. but this version of history is crumbling just like the battle site memorial to the red heroes. that is because the official view of the revolution has changed in russia. for those in power today,
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red 0ctober there is no longer the national celebration. in russia it's not only the future that is unpredictable, so is the past. that applies to the russian civil war, the revolution, almost any part of this country's history. so often hear the past is rewritten and reinterpreted according to who is in power. in the school museum open to the public, the display guns and be in it's an art in the forest. they try not to take sides, red or white, but not everybody welcomes that. the soviet union wasn't that long ago. soviet union wasn't that long ago. so sometimes what we say no about the white army doesn't go down well with supporters of the ussr. back in his flat, the centenarian shows me the commendation he got from josef
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stalin. his view of the past is unlikely to change. revolution day is like my second birthday because it is the birthday of the ussr. and thatis it is the birthday of the ussr. and that is unsha keable it is the birthday of the ussr. and that is unshakeable loyalty to a country which no longer exists. you are watching bbc world news today the car, still to come, the secret hiding in the forests. scientists discovered a new species of great ape. we will tell you all about the orangutan which already faces threats. the de facto leader of my yamaha, aung san suu kyi has made herfirst visit. the government now wants to
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be seen to be taking the lead in the crisis. it has taken aung san suu kyi more than two months to visit the state and even this trip was brief, allowing her little time at each stop, but with it she signalled she wa nts stop, but with it she signalled she wants the civilian government to ta ke wants the civilian government to take the lead in addressing the crisis after weeks of military operations like have driven hundreds of thousands of rohingyas over the border. quite what the government can do is not yet clear. aung san suu kyi was able to meet one of the few remaining muslim communities. she encourage them not to quarrel with their neighbours and to trust the authorities to resolve the crisis but gave no details. last month he outlined a blueprint for the reconstruction of the state, stressing the need for development and investment but there is still no
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agreement to bring back the 1 million rohingyas who fled to bangladesh. recent arrivals say they have experienced such appalling brutality at the hands of the military and they are likely to accept repatriation without international support. my and my authorities are restricting the operations. aung san suu kyi has said in the past the rohingyas will be allowed back but her military and much of the burmese python eight and disagree. rebuilding the economy while leaving the rohingyas in exile would be widely condemned, what the un has described as textbook ethnic cleansing. now to a previously untold story of
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one woman's heroic actions during world war ii. suzanne spock gave her life to save hundreds ofjewish children in nazi occupied paris. she set up an underground network to keep them in hiding and set up intelligence gathering to fight german oppression. i spoke with the author of suzanne's children to learn more about the resistance. there are many stories about people helping dues under natty occupation, what made suzanne so special? she couldn't vote, she couldn't open a bank account with our own money, yet she operated a network to save jewish children from auschwitz. it offers a model as to how to resist government for a long time. what lessons do we learn from hard?“
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she could have voted, she would have voted, she really believed in the democratic process. she only took this extraordinary action when there was no democratic process available. it wasn't a narrow resistance. the wonderfuljob of hiding a jewish family in your basement, many than that, but first of all she went and found the people who needed help the most, and that happened to be polish duesin most, and that happened to be polish dues in paris, even though she wasn't polish orjewish. the first thing she did was get the word out and was a wallop propaganda. they sat out newsletters and told people what was actually going on. they found the most vulnerable populations and often abuse of government school for them first. these were defenceless emigrants, the poor, and they helped save their lives. what difference did she make given the scale of the holocaust? she was involved in creating a
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network that rescued, one estimates, perhaps 500 jewish children. the roar of adults, no hard figures available, but in the scale of the holocaust in france it was considerable. do you know what happens to those children?” considerable. do you know what happens to those children? i have been able to trace a fair number and i have interviewed the four of them. they grew up to be professionals, they had good lives than did families. they carry the trauma but made a real contribution. what do you think inspired suzanne spaak and kept her going, she was of course executed for this. she had been disappointed by her marriage which was terrible and this made her useful. she was important than the qualities she had were badly needed, so here she was, this woman who had been marginalised and treated badly and live a sudden she could be of
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use and that transformed her. you met her daughter, how much of a help was that? i interviewed her daughter who is now around 90 probably 30 times and her son about five times. it was extraordinary. the daughter has discs stolen memory of the occupation, not only the important events the rescue but the day—to—day life and capturing that sliver of paris was very important. thank you. a new species of great ape has been discovered by an international team of scientists. it is found in the dense forests of sumatra and indonesia is the third confronts species of orangutan in only the seventh nonhuman great eight. the remote mountain forests of sumatra are home to some of closest
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ape relatives and a small population first discovered just 30 years ago has been hiding a scientific secrets. this is a new species of orangutan. it was thought the raw just two distinct species of orangutan, sumatran and borneo, at their shows there are actually three, a tiny population has been hidden away and isolated by hundreds hiddenawayangciselatedrbyiumdcedsg of thousands of years g revolution. of thousands of years of revolution. hourly dna analysis suggested these animals were peculiar compare to the other sumatran apes so scientists embark ona other sumatran apes so scientists embark on a detailed study to learn what they eat. years of painstaking genetic comparisons enabled scientists to reconstruct the animal's revolutionary history. the final piece of the puzzle was tiny but consistent differences between the sumatran and this orangutan
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skull. it is an amazing breakthrough, only seven other than ourselves great ape species. adding to that is spectacular. with just 800 and videos this species was straight on to the critically endangered list. logging and mining and plans for a hydroelectric dam pose a threat to its habitat. the hope is that adding this ape to the biology textbooks will hope to secure its survival. beautiful animals, and you will be able to find all the day's news online to see what we are working on checkout facebook. the 6-10
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the 6—10 day better of the forecast, the outlook, hasn't changed a great deal but before then in the shorter term there are a few tweaks. the weather very quiet right now with these weather systems keeping at bay for the time being and that this time of day you have to worry more about fog, all depending on the amounts of cloud. we have seen fog beckoning up and that will take all morning for it to clear way. some rain coming in to the north of scotla nd rain coming in to the north of scotland but otherwise not much wind, dry and generally cloudy and sunshine is rather half—hearted, the temperature on friday summer to what we had on thursday. things change through the evening and overnight, this tangle of weather fronts and falling pressure across england and wales meaning thickening cloud and rain developing widely. we don't need to worry about the temperature overnight, milderfar need to worry about the temperature overnight, milder far england need to worry about the temperature overnight, milderfar england and wales, not so much fog. after the
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rain clears away through the weekend we find the temperature falling day and night. showers around as well, not too many overnight if you're planning a bonfire party. saturday sees the weather system slowly clearing away from england and wales. we start with and cloudy and that pushes the sword slowly through the day, not clearing away from east england until late in the afternoon. the cloud takes longer to break up so further west and north we get sunshine but some showers and the north—westerly wind, most showers and western scotland and northern ireland and snow over the tops of mountains. the area is getting colder because we have north—westerly wind coming in and around the top of that area of high pressure. a chilly breeze blowing on sunday, a mixture of sunshine and showers, not many police and england. will do much for the temperature but getting colder and we are looking at highs of 8—11 and as the wind drops we see the
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temperature falling away overnight. early monday could start frosty in the countryside. the temperature dropping because the winds are falling lighter. skies clearing just with that ridge of high pressure but squeezing into that we have the active weather front arriving in the north—west. ahead of that most places starting drive, sunshine may linger across eastern england, still a chilly day but turning wet and windy for northern ireland and western scotland. they went picking up western scotland. they went picking upfor western scotland. they went picking up for all of us through the latter pa rt up for all of us through the latter part of the day and lot isobars on the chart slowing down the progress of the weather front bringing rain slow the easter across the uk and behind that more of a westerly wind with the temperature still 9—10. the event could be rather heavy and uncertainties as to how quickly it will move through. it should move through perhaps overnight and later on in the week looking at the jet strea m on in the week looking at the jet stream in this sort of possession, if it was further south we would
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have low—pressure bringing spells of rain across the uk. as it is looks like the jet stream will be further north meaning most of the rain will be across the north of the uk. not a total wash—out and this boundary could change but generally the further south and east you are it will be dire, sunshine by day, but cold overnight and may still be some frost around as well. let's see if that changes. tonight at ten: for the first time in over a decade, the bank of england has raised interest rates. the bank's monetary policy committee says the rise — to 0.5% — is part of its fight against inflation, and there could be more to come. consistent with our mandate and consistent with supporting the economy, that requires about two more interest rate increases over the next three years. and while it's good news for savers, many homeowners with variable mortgages will face higher bills. i'm hoping it'll go up a bit more as well to give us a bit more back. we'll just be tightening the belt fully and looking
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at ways to save, really. we'll be looking at the impact of the rise on millions of households, and how the high street banks have responded. also tonight. the new defence secretary is gavin williamson — who used to be the conservative chief whip. some of his colleagues are not happy with the appointment.
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