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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 8, 2017 2:00am-2:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump urges north korea to do a deal over its nuclear programme. we'll be live in seoul, as he delivers a key speech. the prince and the paradise papers. charles is accused of a conflict of interest, with offshore investments in bermuda that stood to gain from his private campaigning. police say the gunman who killed 26 people in texas escaped from a mental hospital in 2012, and had made a number of death threats. president trump has urged north korea to come to the table and make a deal to end the nuclear standoff. speaking in south korea on his tour of asia the president struck a very different tone to his previous fiery rhetoric.
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but he warned he "hoped to god" he did not have to use the us military against pyongyang. our correspondent, mark lowen report from seoul. backing the man they say can stop north korea's march to war. supporters of donald trump out in seoul today, defending his hardline approach to the north's weapons tests. it's a kind of a warning to kimjong—un and his regime. if you do wrong things, you're going to be destroyed. but across the road, the other side, fearing mr trump's bombastic talk over north korea. passions and divisions accompanying him on this trip. threatening north korea, it's not the answer. we have to make them talk around the table, and we have to talk about it. these people say that, when donald trump fires off a tweet—storm or a tirade
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against kim jong—un from the other side of the world, it is seoul, 30 miles from the north korean border, that is made to feel vulnerable. they have lived with a nuclear threat from the north for decades, and they say that president trump is making it worse. the welcome was traditional, a reminder of an old alliance, now strained as mr trump has accused his south korean counterpart of appeasing north korea. it has vowed to continue to develop a long—range nuclear missile that could hit the us. applause. the two leaders seemed to present a united front, president moon saying he hoped it would mark a turning point on north korea. from donald trump, less fire, more talk of pressure on the north, to change course. we have many things happening that we hope, we hope — in fact, i'll go a step further — we hope to god we never have to use. with that being said, i really believe that it makes sense for north korea to come
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to the table and to make a deal. that more restrained tone didn't stop the protesters. tomorrow, they'll hear more from mr trump as he addresses parliament. with tension on the korean peninsula at a critical level, the call for peace grows louder. mark lowen, bbc news, seoul. we go live to the scene in south korea. a significant moment. president trump easier for 2h hours but the many this is the most symbolic visit of his 5—nation tour. he is 55 kilometres from north korea and there are many expectations of this speech. we will take you live is soon as it gets going.
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and for the latest updates on president trump's asia tour — including in depth analysis from our correspondents and a full guide to the issues at stake — just go to our website. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: president trump has not been invited to next month's climate summit, in paris. around a hundred world leaders will gather there, and france has pointed out that us government representatives will be attending. injune, donald trump said he was pulling the us out of the paris agreement on limiting carbon emissions. gunmen in disguise have attacked a television station in the afghan capital, kabul, with at least two people reported killed. security forces have ended the raid and the shamshad television station has resumed broadcasting. afghanistan has seen a surge in violence against journalists this year. ln 2016 the country was named the second most dangerous place in the world for reporters. flooding in vietnam is now being blamed for nearly 90 deaths after typhoon damrey made landfall on sunday. it's the worst flooding
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the country's seen for years. now officials are releasing water from dangerously full reservoirs to try and stop further flooding but there are fears that the number of dead could rise. twitter is to double its tweet limit to 280 characters. the company announced an experiment in september to test the larger character limit to help users better express themselves on the site. the decision is part of plans to make the social media platform more accessible. the latest revelations from the paradise papers — this cache of leaked documents about tax havens — show that prince charles‘ private estate, the duchy of cornwall, secretly invested in an offshore company in which a close friend was a director. that's perfectly legal but he's been accused of a conflict of interest because he went on to campaign for international rule changes that would have benefited the firm. the prince's spokesman insists he's never chosen to speak out on a topic simply because of an investment decision.
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the paradise papers were shared with the international consortium of investigativejournalists, including the bbc‘s panorama programme. richard bilton has this report. for years, prince charles has campaigned on environmental issues. this week, he's in malaysia, and yesterday he spent time in the rainforests of borneo. but panorama has discovered he campaigned on one issue that he secretly stood to profit from. the paradise papers show the prince of wales‘s private estate, the duchy of cornwall, had $4 million in the tax havens of the cayman islands and bermuda. this document shows $1 million in an offshore fund. their annual report says the prince is actively involved in running the duchy. the governance of the duchy of cornwall allows the prince of wales to have a hands—on involvement, so you can really see his green wellies stamped over all of this turf.
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we found one deal that centres on this man in the cap, the late hugh van cutsem. he was one of the prince's oldest friends. mr van cutsem was a director of sustainable forestry management limited. they were registered in bermuda, and traded in carbon credits, a market created by international treaties to tackle global warming. sustainable forestry management limited would have made more money if international regulations were changed to include carbon credits from all forests. the chronology of events raises serious questions for the prince. in february 2007, the duchy buys 50 shares, worth $113,500. at that time, sfm's directors agree to keep the duchy‘s shares confidential. mr van cutsem asks for lobbying documents to be sent
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to the prince's office. the prince begins making speeches, campaigning for changes to two international agreements on carbon credits. injune 2008, he sells his shares for $325,000, a profit of more than $200,000. but we can't find, nor has the prince's office been able to show us, any speeches prince charles made on this specific issue before he bought his shares. he made three major speeches in the seven months after he bought them. well, i think it's a serious conflict. there's a conflict of interest between his own investments of the duchy of cornwall, and what he's trying to achieve publicly. and i think it's unfortunate if somebody of his importance, of his influence, becomes involved in such a serious conflict. this is the sort of thing the prince
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was saying in his speeches. despite the prince's lobbying, the regulations surrounding carbon credits were not changed. his spokesman said... i think what happened was wrong. what i don't think is that he deliberately acted in a way which was unacceptable. i think, if he'd realised the context in which he was being asked to do something, he would have acted in a different way.
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there is no suggestion that any of this is illegal, or tax was avoided, and it id impossible to know why the share or tax was avoided, and it it's impossible to know why the share price rose after prince charles‘s estate secretly invested in his friends company. but, for the second time in a week, the paradise papers raise serious questions about how royal cash is being managed. richard bilton, bbc news. there's a special section on our website dedicated to the paradise papers, with much more explanation and analysis. let's ta ke let's take you back to the south korean capital and the national assembly. we are expecting president trump any minute. we will take you
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back their. his speech expected to focus on his north korean policy. it isa focus on his north korean policy. it is a scripted speech. he has urged north korea to come to the table, a very different tone to his previous fiery rhetoric but he said he hoped to god he would not have to use the military against pyongyang. we will be back there as soon as president trump comes to the podium. police reports show the gunman who killed 26 churchgoers in texas on sunday had escaped a mental health clinic in 2012. the fbi now has devin kelley's cellphone but so far its been unable to access the device. authorities are also looking at how he got access to the guns he used in the assault. the bbc‘s james cook reports from sutherland springs. sutherland springs is united in suffering. in this tiny community,
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of barely 400 people, the grief is universal. it is not a natural disaster, it isn't individual attack which is harder to accept. you have lost friends? yes. yes, dear, wonderfulfriend lost friends? yes. yes, dear, wonderful friend that were just going about their everyday life, going about their everyday life, going to church, doing what smalltown america does. among those, the hero who shot and chase the government as he left the church. to this team for the task of applying reason to chaos, of asking how and why. this church is now symptomatic ofa why. this church is now symptomatic of a plague, why. this church is now symptomatic ofa plague, an why. this church is now symptomatic of a plague, an epidemic unique to the united states of america. no other advanced country has so many
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guns or so many mass shootings. so how will this nation respond? in south korea, the president chores that this... you bringing up a situation that probably should not be discussed right now. but if you fill that is an appropriate question, even though we are in the heart of south korea, if we did what you are suggesting, there would be no difference three days ago and you might not have had that very brave person... if he did not have a gun, instead of having 26 dead, you would have had hundreds more dead. and so, in the presence of grief, and the absence of action, only one question remains — were next? james cook, bbc news, sutherland springs, in texas. we are still waiting for president
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trump in the south korean capital. delhi is often hit by smog — but the indian capital is currently experiencing a particulary bad blanket of thick, grey smog. the intense smog is being blamed, in part, on the burning of stubble by farmers across the north of india, as well as, emissions from coal—fired power plants. a public health emergency has been declared, amid the dangerously high levels of pollution. sanjoy majumder has sent this. all of delhi is currently covered by a thick blanket of smog. as you can see, visibility is so poor, you can barely see the government buildings right behind me. and, if it looks bad, let me tell you it feels much worse. when you breathe in, there is a burning sensation in your throat. your chest starts constricting. and that is the reason the indian medical association is asking for schools to be shut down. even delhi's annual half—marathon, due to take place later this month, had to be called off because of the danger this poses to the runners. now, what you can't see with your naked eye are fine pollutants, known as pm2.5 particulate matter.
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in some parts of the city their levels are more than 20 times the prescribed safe level. 0ne doctor says that breathing delhi's air at the moment is equivalent to smoking 50 cigarettes. now, a new resident has taken up home outside the bbc‘s headquarters here in london. it is the first public statue of the novelist and journalist george orwell, who worked for the bbc as a radio producer during world war two. he left the bbc to write animal farm and nineteen eighty—four. and, as our media editor amol rajan reports, he wasn't far off the mark with many of his novel's predictions. amol‘s report contains some flash photography. by the time he died of tuberculosis atjust 46, george orwell was a literary great, the conscience of england, and a secular prophet.
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there is something eerie about the precision with which he forecast many of our contemporary concerns. i have been reading your newspeak articles in the times. yes. his concepts of thought crime and newspeak, chronicled here in 1984, the film of his novel, starring john hurt, have evolved into worries about political correctness. he reported on the struggle for independence in catalonia, which has so violently reared its head in recent weeks. and, though he never used the term, 0rwell satirised fake news before it entered common parlance. look no further than the fake news and the crooked media. from 1941 to 1943, 0rwell worked in room 101 here at the bbc. as a patriot and master of prose, his appeal transcended ideological divisions. and, though he was an avowed socialist, the central idea in his work wasn't equality, but human freedom. he felt that the liberty to think, feel, say, and hear what other people might not like was under assault
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from totalitarianism, in various disguises. that dedication to liberty has been celebrated in a statue by the artist martinjennings. it was commissioned and paid for by the george orwell memorial trust, and was unveiled outside the bbc today. one, two, three. it has taken years to raise the money and get planning permission. final approval was given by the current director general, much to the delight of his son. a sheer sense of satisfaction that finally everyone has come together with what i would suggest is the correct decision — to put a statue outside the bbc. so universal and urgent are the themes he addressed that 0rwell seems destined to inspire journalists for generations to come. amol rajan, bbc news. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: donald trump is to address south korea's national assembly, in a speech that is expected to focus on his policy on north korea. the prince and the paradise papers.
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prince charles is accused of a conflict of interest, with offshore investments in bermuda that stood to gain from his campaigning. briefly lets take you back to the south korean capital, seoul, and the national assembly. we think donald trump's speech is imminent. the secretary of state, rex tillerson, has taken his seat, as well as the president's son—in—law, jared kushner. he has been urging north korea in remarks during his 24—hour visit to come to the table and make a deal to end the nuclear stand—off. very different from his previous fiery rhetoric. he did, though, warned that he hoped to god he would not have to use the us military against pyongyang. we will take you back there, of course, as soon as we see the president come to the podium. pressure is mounting on the treasury
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secretary, priti patel. laboursay that the 12 meetings including one with israel's prime minister involve serious breaches of the ministerial code. 0ur diplomatic correspondent reports. it began with some holiday photos from israel. not of priti patel seeing the sights, but having coffee with a politician and visiting a charity, just two of 12 meetings she had without telling the foreign office. her most important engagement was with israel's prime minister, something theresa may knew nothing about when she welcomed benjamin netanyahu to downing street last week. this afternoon, labour summoned the international development secretary to the commons to explain herself. she's at a meeting. speaker: minister of state alistair burt. but it turned out she was on her way to africa, leaving her deputy in charge. and she's presently — she's presently in the air.
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laughter. he said that ms patel had not harmed britain's interests, but made clear that ministers should tell the foreign office about their trips. you would, of course, let the foreign office know in advance, which the right honourable lady — which my right honourable friend did not, and that was the error for which she has apologised. but the meetings were all really pertinent to her work. he confirmed that, after the trip, ms patel suggested using british aid money to help the israeli army treat wounded syrians in the occupied golan heights, an idea the foreign office vetoed because the uk doesn't recognise israel's annexation of this area, an idea theresa may did not know about until the bbc reported it this morning. all this, labour insisted, was a clear breach of the ministerial code of conduct. does the minister accept that it's time the secretary of state either faces a cabinet office investigation, or does the decent
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thing and just resigns? some mps say that in normal times, with a strong prime minister with a healthy majority, priti patel would have had no choice but to resign. but these are anything but normal times. the prime minister's spokesman says she still has full confidence in ms patel, but labour sensed blood, and are bombarding miss patel with questions that soon she will have to answer in person. james landale, bbc news. let's ta ke let's take you to south korea's national assembly. mr trump and his wife, melania, have just national assembly. mr trump and his wife, melania, havejust entered the national assembly. we expect his speech to start. an important moment, as our correspondence have been describing it. it is only a brief visit to south korea but probably the most symbolic of his
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5—nation tour of asia. just 50 kilometres or so from north korea. for about six decades the us has protected south korea from the north, and what we are hearing is that the south will want to know that the south will want to know that the south will want to know that the us is still committed to defence here, which will go beyond the literal fire and fury rhetoric which mr trump has been using. he told the un he could destroy north korea if it attacked the us with nuclear weapons. he talked about fire and fury and there is some suggestion he will talk directly to the north korean people, as it were, with his message. he has said he wa nts with his message. he has said he wants the entire world to stop trading with north korea. so far we think that china, is next destination, has refused to stop trading entirely with north korea but more could emerge on that in the next pa rt but more could emerge on that in the next part of his tour. we have been reporting during the day mr trump's remarks before all this. he did urge
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north korea to come to the table and make a deal to end the nuclear stand—off. that of course a very different tone from what we have been hearing up until now. we know as well that he made two attempts to reach the demilitarised zone, which has been felt to be quite a big deal. a lot of reporters hoping to get there, people who have never been to the peninsula before. he was forced to cancel that trip because of fog. he was to be accompanied by south korea's president, moon jae—in, according to his spokesman. his chinese visit is probably the most important part of the 2—up politically. trade will be hugely important there. —— part of the tour. whether china will give much in return, whether it will open its markets to the us, seems unlikely. quite what to expect from mr trump
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from this is unclear. he has previously described the south korean leader as an appeaser of north korea. more recently, he described him as a fine gentleman. he has also been addressing american troops. there are more than 30,000 american troops stationed here, and of course, today it is the turn of the politicians to hear from of course, today it is the turn of the politicians to hearfrom mr trump. strength in unity, we understand, is the message that the politicians he would like to hear. north korea, as i say, just 35 miles, 50 kilometres, to the north of where they are speaking. mr trump, we think, just going to speak now. assembly speaker, distinguished
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members of this assembly, ladies and gentlemen, thank you for the extraordinary privilege to speak in this great chamber, and to address your people on behalf of the people of the united states of america. in our short time in your country, melania and i have been awed by its ancient, modern wonders, and we are deeply moved by the warmth of your welcome. last night, president and mrs merton showed us incredible hospitality, in a beautiful reception —— moon. we had productive discussions on increasing military cooperation and improving the trade relationship between our nations, on the principle of fairness and reciprocity. through this entire visit, it has been both our pleasure
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and our honour to create and celebrate a long friendship between the united states and the republic of career. —— republic of korea. this alliance between our nations was forged in the crucible of war, and strengthened by the trials of history. from the inchung landings to elsewhere, american and korean soldiers have fought together, sacrificed together and triumphed together. almost 60 years ago, in the spring of 1951, they recaptured what remained of this city where we are gathered so proudly today. it was the second time in a year that our combined forces took on steep casualties to retake this capital from the communists. 0ver
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casualties to retake this capital from the communists. over the next weeks and months, the men soldiered through steep mountains and bloody, bloody battles. driven back at times, they will their way north to form the line that today divides the oppressed and the free. and there, american and south korean troops have remained together, holding that line, for nearly seven decades. applause by applause by the time the armistice was signed in1953, by the time the armistice was signed in 1953, more than 36,000 americans had died in the korean war, with more than 100,000 others very badly wounded. they are heroes, and we honour them. we also honour and remember the terrible price the
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people of your country paid for their freedom. you lost people of your country paid for theirfreedom. you lost hundreds people of your country paid for their freedom. you lost hundreds of thousands of rave soldiers, and cou ntless thousands of rave soldiers, and countless innocent civilians in that gruesome war “— countless innocent civilians in that gruesome war —— brave soldiers. much of this great city of seoul was reduced to rubble. large portions of the country were scarred severely, severely hurt, by this horrible war. the economy of this nation was demolished. but, as the entire world knows, over the next two generations, something miraculous happened on the southern half of this peninsula. family by family, city by city, the people of south korea built this country into what is, today, one of the great nations
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of the world, and i congratulate you. applause in less than one lifetime, south korea climbed from total devastation to among the wealthiest nations on earth. today, your economy is more than 350 times larger than what it was in 1960. trade has increased 1900 times. life expectancy has risen from just 53 years to more than 82 years today. like korea, and since my election exactly one year ago today, i celebrate with you. the united states is going through
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something of a miracle itself. all stock market is at an all—time high. unemployment is at a 17 year low. we are defeating isis. we are strengthening ourjudiciary, including a brilliant supreme court justice and on and on and on. currently stationed in the vicinity of this dimension are the three largest aircraft carriers in the world. loaded to the maximum with magnificent f 35 and f—18 fighter jets. in addition we have nuclear

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