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tv   Newsday  BBC News  November 9, 2017 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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this is newsday on the bbc. i am rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: president trump prepares for key talks in china but will his tough message on north korea actually work? when you push too far, the chinese ultimate concern is regime and stability. the two leaders do appear friendly. they even watched a video of trump's daughter speaking mandarin. fine kasha madeira in london. also in this programme, the british government loses its second cabinet ona government loses its second cabinet on a stick in a week. priti patel quits over unofficial meetings in israel. and the louvre comes to the middle east, the french president opening a new museum in abu dhabi. glad you could join us. it is
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midnight in london and atm in singapore, and also in beijing. —— 8am. president trump is beginning the second day of his visit to china. his counterpart, president xi jinping, rolled out the red carpet for his visitor, who wants beijing to ta ke for his visitor, who wants beijing to take more decisive action to rein in north korea. that aside, the two men appear to be getting on well. mr trump even shared a video of his granddaughter speaking mandarin. the forbidden city. today's tour guide, the president of china. his tourists, the other most powerful leader in the world, all smiles despite the threat of nuclear crisis. president trump came from
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south korea, where he told the national assembly north korea was a hell, and china shouldn't be helping it. we call on every nation, including china and russia, to fully implement un security council resolutions, downgrade diplomatic relations with the regime, and sever all ties of trade and technology. but in the 1950s, chinese fought and died alongside north koreans, against the united states. china still commemorates its war dead and sees north korea as a strategic buffer. yes, it lacks un sanctions, but no, it will not let its communist ally fold. china has already done its most, i wouldn't use the term best, but the most it can to leverage north korea. when you push too far, the chinese ultimate concern is kind of regime
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instability. so china's name plan is to charm the us president hans distract from his grievances on north korea and unfair trade. the chinese have thousands of years of experience in flattering foreigners. they are good at it, they are very good at it. china cannot lead the united states and the united states cannot we china. but we have to stand up for ourselves and say to xi jinping, personally, not on twitter, you can't go any further. trump and xi, two strongmen with self belief. that is where the similarity ends. this is trump's book, the art of the deal. it says you cannot be imaginative if you have too much structure. but this is the art of war. essential reading for chinese statesman. it says, know your enemy, know yourself. the supreme victory is to subdue your foe without a fight. in chinese opera and not
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everybody can be a winner. us superpower, chinese rising power, the real business begins now. we are nowjoined by our correspondent steve mcdonald in beijing. steve, trump and xi will be putting their friendship to the test today when they hold tough talks on trade and north korea? absolutely. they will be shifting their attention to more serious talks. last night local time, where i am standing outside the forbidden city, they were in there. today it shifts to the great hall of the people. there will be other big ceremonial events, guards and performances and things later in the night, but in the middle there isa the night, but in the middle there is a key meeting between xi jinping
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and donald trump. i expect that is where they will discuss north korea and also the thorny issue of trade. what is next up to these tough talks between xijinping what is next up to these tough talks between xi jinping and donald what is next up to these tough talks between xijinping and donald trump? because tomorrow he is heading to vietnam's for the apec summit. —— vietnam's for the apec summit. —— vietnam for the. yes, it is funny, these talks, i suppose when they sit down it has all been organised either advance teams, and little bit. you think they would expect, they would know what the other side is going to say. they will come out after that and make a joint statement. now of course it is not a press c0 nfe re nce statement. now of course it is not a press conference here, because xi jinping doesn't take questions from the press. and to tell the truth, often these press conferences with leaders are often these press conferences with leaders a re pretty often these press conferences with leaders are pretty staged anyway, there is only a couple of questions and they choose to ask them, so it is only one step removed from that, coming out in front of the press and saying something each. i think they
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will be wanting to make some sort of an announcement, though, which shows they have made progress on the question of north korea's nuclear weapons, and also on trade. and on the sidelines, i should say, they will also be making other announcements about these deals, we are led to believe there will be a whole bunch of deals between us and chinese companies. the extent to which they are actually significant oi’ which they are actually significant or real or haven't been signed before, that remains to be seen, we would have to burrow into it. but that will also be a key part of what happens today. and on the flipside, steve, trump has been able to circumvent china's internet censorship system? he has been able to twea k, censorship system? he has been able to tweak, in china? —— tweet. censorship system? he has been able to tweak, in china? -- tweet. that's right, people who have been to china will know that you cannot access twitter, facebook, youtube, many other sites. amnesty international. you have to use a vpn, a virtual
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private network. so this is a jump over the great firewall of china. presumably president donald trump has had one of these vpns installed on his phone for the specific purpose of being able to tweet while in china. i guess it is technically against the law here. but we have the bizarre situation of him tweeting, and then china's state—run, communist party controlled media, is self tweeting, reporting on his tweets, so they are also kind of raking the law. —— itself tweeting. a strange situation indeed. thank you for the update. i am sure we'll another tweet from president trump after these talks on career and trade. yes, iam career and trade. yes, i am sure we will. we will be expanding a new phrase to come out of donald trump's marathon on asia tour late on the programme. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. it's been another eventful day in british politics. the international development secretary, priti patel,
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has resigned following the disclosure of further unauthorised contact with israeli politicians. vicky young has more on the resignation, and what it means for the british government. in the letter from priti patel, in the letterfrom priti patel, it is clear she acknowledges what she has done wrong, saving her actions we re has done wrong, saving her actions were meant with the best of intentions, but fell below the standards of transparency and openness which she says she promotes and advocates. so she offered a fulsome apology to the prime minister and the government, and offered her resignation. i guess, having had so long to think about it on the aeroplane, maybe that is what she had decided to do. what is interesting is the response from theresa may, in which she talks about the uk and israel being close allies, but pointing out that work has to be done formally, that there are ways of doing this. that is why you have a system in place, that is why you have the civil service, that is why meetings like this are documented, so that they are transparent and everybody knows who
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is lobbying cabinet ministers, who they are giving access to. and interestingly, she says, "i accept your apology and i welcome your clarification about your trip to israel over the summer. now that further details have come to light it is right that you have decided to resign". so it is clear from the prime minister that if she had not resigned, she would have been sacked. also making news today: demonstrators in catalonia have been blocking roads and railways over the continued detention of ten separatist leaders. a one—day strike has hit schools and universities hardest. the protests come as spain's foreign minister said catalonia could possibly have a legal referendum on independence, but, only if the rest of spain voted for it. democrats in america have scored two big victories, in the first state wide elections since president trump won the presidency a year ago. in virginia, ralph northam defeated his republican rival in a governorship race. and phil murphy was victorious in new jersey. the results will boost democrat hopes of winning back congress next year.
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the trial of two women accused of murdering the half—brother of kimjong—un has heard that that the car used to drive them to the scene of the killing, was bought by one of north korea's embassy officials. the north korean leader's half—brother kim jong—nam died after being smeared with a nerve agent at kuala lumpur airport in february. the women have pleaded not guilty. kevin spacey is facing fresh allegations of sexual misconduct. the us journalist heather unruh has told reporters that her son was sexually assaulted by mr spacey last year. the hollywood star has not responded to any of the allegations. < the actors union equity told the bbc that the problems of sexual here's prince charles meeting the indian prime minister narendra modi in delhi, as the british heir to the throne continues his tour of asia. it comes amid ongoing criticism for failing to disclose an investment by his private estate in an offshore company. the revelations come from a number of leaked documents about tax
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havens, known as the paradise papers. his estate insists that the prince had no direct involvement in its investments. and brace yourself for this. a british racing driver is lucky to be alive after surviving a high speed crash during a race at the weekend. the overtaking car spun out of control at a speed of more than 200 kilometres per hour. amazingly, the 62—year—old driver survived with no more than concussion and bruising and actually finished the race in second place. its name is synonymous with parisian style, but now for the first time, the world famous louvre museum has a new home in the middle east. the louvre abu dhabi was formally opened, ten years after an agreement was signed with france, which allows them to use the name for 30 years. the french president, emmanuel macron, and his wife
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brigitte, were shown around the new museum which is housed beneath a spectacular domed roof, designed to allow the desert sun to filter through. our arts editor, will gompertz went too. the hit and miss architecture of abu dhabi's recently built high—rise skyline, which sits alongside the impressive sheikh zayed grand mosque, perhaps the emirate's most famous landmark. well, it was, but now there's this, the brand—new louvre abu dhabi with its 180 metres, 7.5 tonne domed roof, designed a longer with the 55 individual buildings its bands, by the prize—winning french architect jean nouvel. i wanted also, when you look at the building, that you understand it is a spiritual building. the symbol of spirituality here is the cupola. for me, it is cosmographic. it is kind of a sky under the sky. and when you have the light through, because i perforated this dome, i thought that we could play
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with the movement of the sun and the ray of light has to go through eight layers and, of course, with the movement of the sun, one spot disappears. but at the same time, two others appear. the project is a collaboration between abu dhabi and the louvre in paris, which is being paid around i billion euros for lending its name, expertise and collection to the new museum. masterpieces such as leonardo da vinci's la belle ferronier sit alongside works lent by other french institutions. monet, from the musee d'orsay. giacometti from the pompidou and this sculpture, horses of the sun, from versailles. did you need to do the deal with the louvre? couldn't you just have borrowed works from museums around the world? we have a saying in arabic, which is start where other
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civilisations end, instead of starting all the way from scratch, instead of going through all the learning curves of thousands of years of their experience. the partnership is about getting their experience, learning from them, but also working together to create something that is new for abu dhabi, but also new for franz and new for the world. —— france. the emirate says its louvre will be joined by a national museum and a guggenheim abu dhabi in due course, creating, it hopes, a new global cultural hub. will gompertz, bbc news, abu dhabi. beautiful place. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: a dense smog has enveloped india's capital, delhi, for a second day. we'll look at how residents are coping. also on the programme: what exactly is the indo—pacific? it's a phase donald trump's been using recently. we'll tell you all you need to know.
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the israeli prime minister, yitzhak rabin, the architect of the middle east peace process, has been assassinated. a 27—year—old jewish man has been arrested, and an extremistjewish organisation has claimed responsibility for the killing. at polling booths throughout the country, they voted on a historic day for australia. as the results came in, it was clear — the monarchy would survive. of the american hostages, there was no sign. they are being held somewhere inside the compound, and student leaders have threatened that, should the americans attempt rescue, they will all die. this mission has surpassed all expectations. voyager one is now the most distant man—made object anywhere in the universe, and itjust seems to keep on going. tonight, we proved once more that the true strength of our nation comes not from the might of our arms, or the scale of our wealth, but from the enduring power of our ideals.
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welcome back, everyone. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: president trump is about to start the second day of his visit to china. he'll be holding talks about north korea later this afternoon. a senior member of the british government has resigned — the second in a week. and look who's turned up forjury duty in chicago. president obama arrived at the courthouse on wednesday, waiting to see if he is chosen to serve on a trial. he'll earn the standard $17 a day for his time. that story is popular on let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. as you might imagine,
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lots of the papers are closely following president trump's arrival in beijing. here's china daily, which has a huge front page photo of mr trump with xijinping, and their wives, in the forbidden city. the paper describes the trip as a "state visit plus". the south china morning post warns that despite president trump's red carpet treatment, tough tests are still to come. it reports that difficult talks on pyongyang's nuclear programme are expected to dominate discussions on thursday afternoon. and the japan times looks at whether donald trump should tweet while he's in china. twitter is blocked inside the country, but the us delegation has apparently brought along special equipment so that mr trump can get round the firewall. now, kasia, sheeps
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are trending online? rico, sheeps recognising human faces, which has really captured people's attention online. it's headline grabbing. sheep have a reputation for being dim—witted creatures — is that true? they are cute, anyway. a new study has found that they can be trained to recognise human faces. there is a point to it all — scientists aim to use the sheep as models to understand disorders of the brain. i hope they can tell mine! the indian capital is waking up for a second day to a blanket of thick grey smog. it's forced all schools in delhi to shut until sunday, with pollution at 70 times the world health organisation's safe level in some areas. air quality is worsening, because of stubble burning by farmers and coal fired power plants.
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sanjoy majumder reports from the streets of delhi. this is what delhi looks like at the moment. the entire city is covered in this thick blanket of grey smog. now, they're in the distance is the famous iconic india war memorial. you can just see famous iconic india war memorial. you canjust see it famous iconic india war memorial. you can just see it because visibility is so poor. in fact at this time you would often see people out in the street. there are not many people about. it is not hard to understand why. i have been a ten minutes and already my eyes are beginning to smart, my throat is burning, it is difficult to breathe. if you breathe in you are breathing ina if you breathe in you are breathing in a deadly cocktail of diesel fumes, construction dust, sought from coal—fired power plants, even smoke from burning crop stubble from the farms beyond, and that's what it's literally becoming dangerous for people to venture out. sanjoy majumder in delhi.
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india's pollution problem has raised concerns. a report commissioned by the lancet medical journal found that pollution had claimed as many as two and a half million lives in india in 2015. karti sandilya is the report's author and speaking to us from new york via skype explained the imperative of acting now due to the numbers dead. it is 15 times the number of deaths from violence in wars, civil wars, terrorist activities et cetera, so it isa terrorist activities et cetera, so it is a global public health emergency number one, and delhi is just one of the most visible aspects of that. it's a worldwide phenomenon on. and this has been a problem been really neglected by governments, by the international community, what have you found in your study? well, you are right it has been neglected, it isa you are right it has been neglected, it is a pity, really, because when you it is a pity, really, because when you come it is a pity, really, because when you come to think of it the
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environmental movement started with pollution, then we moved on to biodiversity conservation, tigers, lions etc, endangered species, and thenit lions etc, endangered species, and then it was climate change. and somehow pollution fell off the radar. and we're hoping that we can bring the world's attention back to pollution because three times as much as malaria, tb, and rightly the money goes to those ailments, and we think it's about time that some money, and attention and resources and projects are directed towards saving lives through controlling pollution. karti, it is always the poor that are the largest amount of people that are hit with this. in this situation, it is 92% of all pollution related mortality in low income and middle income countries. that is a staggering statistic. yes, indeed, and it is also the poor in each country that are most affected.
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and this is because when pollution affects everybody, like urban air pollution, it hits everybody, but the poor are less able to protect themselves. the more affluent living air—conditioned homes, travel in air—conditioned homes, travel in air—conditioned cars, work in air—conditioned cars, work in air—conditioned workspaces, but the poor live unprotected and walk, bike or either bus to work, so they're affected more when everyone else is affected, but they are also more affected, but they are also more affected when you realise that polluting industries are never in wealthy neighbourhoods, they are almost always import localities and the poor either live close to the polluting industry workplace, because they want to avoid a commute, or in other ways they are close to this. and it is notjust the poor. it is also the children. for example, in india, dirty cook stoves are a factor in household air pollution, and that's almost always
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women and children. and that was karti sandilya, the report's author, speaking earlier to kasia. back to donald trump in asia now and the international community has been pouring over every word coming from the american president. and you'll notice a slight but important difference in how he refers to the region itself. the bbc‘s mat morrison explains. many nations of the indo—pacific. indo—pacific region. the sovereign nations of the indo—pacific. indo—pacific region. the sovereign nations of the indo-pacific. the indo—pacific, donald trump summing up indo—pacific, donald trump summing up america's new geopolitical worldview for asia. put simply it is a different way of labelling what we usually call asia—pacific, emphasising the rise of india in the face of china's running global clout. he is not the first american president to boil down foreign policy into a few words. a century ago it was another new yorker teddy roosevelt who said speak softly and carry a big stick. essentially let
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american power do the talking. that isa american power do the talking. that is a bit wordy, now it is big stick diplomacy. fast forward a few decades and we have ping—pong diplomacy. during the nixon years that meant using table tennis to score maximum points in opening up china. to ignore the facts of history and the aggressive impulses ofan history and the aggressive impulses of an evil empire. ronald reagan had his own take on cold war politics. his rhetorical battle against the soviet union included phrases like star wars. was it a defence shield ora star wars. was it a defence shield or a film franchise? both, actually. george w bush had cinematic flair as well. states like these and their terrorist allies constitute an axis of evil. barack obama's policy was a pivot to asia about seizing the opportunity is economic and political in the region. whether that succeeded remains to be seen. you will notice we skipped over bill clinton, himself a smooth talker.
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his doctrine of enlargement was a shout out to globalisation, not a very catchy one, i'm afraid, but a lasting legacy. president trump is hosting his phrase... indo—pacific. . will stand the test of time. hard to compare them to some of his others. you're fired. you have been watching newsday. and we'll leave you with pictures from president trump's china visit. they're of mr trump playing his chinese counterpart a video of his granddaughter, arabella kushner, speaking mandarin and reciting a poem. judging by his response, xi jinping is delighted by the personal touch. diplomatically perhaps, he said the little girl deserved an a plus for her efforts. you have been watching newsday. hello again. there is some colder
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weather on the way for this weekend. but overnight it is not going to be quite as cold because this area of cloud is moving down from the north—west, bringing with it a bit of rain and drizzle. as the cloud clears away from northern scotland it will turn chilly later. perhaps the lowest temperatures for a while ahead of the cloud to the south—east. here the numbers will be higher by the morning. we start the day with cloudy skies and some light rain or drizzle. and temperatures six or seven. for much of southern england, wales, the midlands, up to yorkshire and lincolnshire it will be an dull start, low cloud, rain or drizzle here and there, no great amounts. already it is brightening in northern england and some sunshine to agree today in northern ireland, particular scotland, where there will be a chill in the air here. and some sharp showers into northern scotland. they will continue pretty much all day. it will be quite windy here. further south, some slow improvements through the day. as we seek a bright skies and sunshine filtering southwards, pushing away the dull
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and damp weather. eventually into the english channel. it will take a while to get the sunshine out significantly across southern england in the afternoon. further north in the sunshine temperatures 10- 12 north in the sunshine temperatures 10— 12 degrees. those showers continue, though, for northern scotland, still quite windy here as well. clear skies in the evening will see temperatures dipping and then another spell of rain and cloud and stronger winds this time pushing the wet weather down quickly across the wet weather down quickly across the uk on thursday night into friday morning. the skies clear to the north, again the temperatures dip away, and cold enough in northern for the showers to be wintry in the hills. quickly we will see some sunshine developing further south, one or two showers perhaps, then we see the cloud increasing. and we've got some rain on the way, that's going to be particularly evident in northern ireland. quite cold in scotland, seven or eight degrees. the rain that is coming in is coming from what is left of tropical storm rena and that will move its way quickly to bring some rain mainly for england and, strong winds through the english channel. but it doesn't last long. by the time we
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get to the weekend the wind direction is changing, we are going to draw down a northerly wind as the weekend goes on and it will be turning cold day and night. this is saturday. some spells of sunshine, some cialis for northern ireland, running in the irish sea coming to wales, wintry showers for northern scotland, showers down the north sea coasts, feeling cold in the wind. the strongest winds around coastal areas in the west, the north and the east and that's where we see the showers. for many inland yes it is going to be a cold day but he should be quite dry and settled. our top story. president trump is about to begin the second day of his visit to china. he and the chinese premier, xijinping, will hold talks on north korea later. the two leaders will also oversee a signing ceremony for billions of dollars of trade deals. britain's international development secretary, priti patel, has resigned, the second cabinet minister to do so in the past week. she'd held unauthorised meetings
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with israeli leaders while on holiday in israel. the world famous french museum, the louvre, has opened a new branch in abu dhabi. president macron and his wife brigitte were shown around by the crown prince. the project is worth more than $1 billion. that's all from me now. now on bbc news, it's time for hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk.
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