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tv   Our World  BBC News  November 12, 2017 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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contribute to strengthening asean us relations for peace, stability, cooperation and development in the asia—pacific and the world. the president's state visit to vietnam marks a milestone in vietnam us relations, creating strong momentum for the substantive and effective and stable development of the bilateral comprehensive partnership. i wish president trump and members of the us delegation a successful visit and i hope that you will have a good impression of our country and oui’ a good impression of our country and our people. i sincerely thank mr president personally and the american people for the warm friendship towards our country and people and i appreciate the great effort to develop vietnam— us bilateral relations. the press conference between president tendai kwang and donald trump in hanoi. we
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will bring you more at the top of the tower. —— trend i kwang. now on bbc news, our world. the hurricane that destroyed puerto rico. two months after maria, this us territory and its american citizens are still suffering. how do you now see life without your son? it may belong to the most powerful country in the world, but this is now an island in crisis. even though we are citizens of the united states, perhaps we are perceived to be second—class citizens. who will fix it, and at what cost?
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i am in marikau, south—west puerto rico. jennifer, which is your casa? this one? i am here to meetjennifer rodriguez, who lives on a small bit of land with her husband and four children. this area has been cut off from the outside world for weeks. this is quite extraordinary. this could actually collapse. it is all wooden planks, but it is damp.
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you can see the holes everywhere. jennifer says that even before maria this house was old and weak. the family were building a new more sturdy one next door, and the hurricane has forced them to move in early. so, the second house that she is living in, the municipality has told her this is not secure, that the house is not complete. you can see this is still being built. the roof is leaking, there are no drains, doors, or a bathroom. this area was well—known for coffee plantations. now, completely destroyed, it could take up to five years for them to recover.
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with no work and relying on handouts, jennifer feels helpless. her priority is providing for her children. jennifer took her children to her in—laws' home to be safe during the hurricane. when maria came, what happened? how did you feel? when hurricane maria hit, much of the island's infrastructure was demolished. the electricity grid collapsed and the island's 3.5 million
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residents were plunged into darkness. two months later, this remains america's longest blackout. what is this? that is your casa? and this, what is this? what has happened to the tree? maria. for more than 100 years, puerto rico has been a territory of the united states. this means its people can live, travel, and work freely in america. and when it comes to a catastrophe like this one, the us has a legal obligation to help. we have just come to a small medical facility deep in this mountainous area where a group of doctors, specialists, and surgeons, are here to come and meet some of the locals who have been badly affected by this hurricane. an hour away from the capital city
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of sanjuan is toa alta, at the centre of the path of the hurricane. when we get our patients in the clinic, we gave him a bottle of water, and it was like giving them a bar of gold. gloria runs a large hospital nearby. today, with the help of by the donors and charities, —— today, with the help of private donors and charities, she set up a temporary clinic. we are providing support and help to these communities in particular because they asked us to bring some help, because no other agency has come to help them. there is the baby. they are from the community. they left their house. —— they lost their house. jocelyn is just two months old.
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her father tells me they lost everything they own. what sort of water is the baby drinking? distilled water. 0k. they need water. it does not seem a lot to ask far from one of the richest countries —— it does not seem a lot to ask for from one of the richest but puerto ricans have felt neglected by the united states for decades. and now, the island is in deep financial crisis. mass unemployment mixed with decades of excessive borrowing by the local government meant puerto rico was facing bankruptcy even before maria hit. nothing.
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nada. you have no electricity. no. you see? we drink waterfrom... we buy filtered water. we have some water today! that is great. after finishing at the clinic, gloria invites us back to her place. we still have some of the windows... oh, yeah, from the hurricane. it looks like a middle—class american home, but by puerto rican standards, this is luxury. but like most people here, she still does not have electricity. so, we have flashlights like everybody else. we put lights all over. puerto rico owes over $70 billion to the us. because of the debt, the island's electricity grid was badly maintained, even before maria. now, completely broken, it could take up to a year for power
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to fully return. and many people are tired of waiting. my husband always asks me, why don't we leave? why don't we buy a house outside? what about showing my employees it is better to leave? is it better to stay? it is like a dilemma, but in my heart, i prefer to stay. since the hurricane, tens of thousands of people have left for america. locals on the island can only vote for their government, but once on the mainland, they can vote for national elections. this could change the political landscape in the us. president trump visited the island two weeks after the hurricane. there is a lot of love in this room.
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a lot of love in this room. but it wasn't coming from the mayor of sanjuan whom he criticised for asking for help. i will do what i never thought i would do, i am begging anyone who can hear us to save us from dying. the president had tweeted that puerto rico was mismanaged. after his visit, he came under fire for his lack of empathy and for a slow emergency response. in one of his tweets, president trump said that puerto rico is more or less broken, it has broken infrastructure, it is in trouble, it has debt. none of those things are factually correct. —— none of those things
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are factually incorrect. no, they are not. what is incorrect is for a president that is supposed to be the commander—in—chief to become the hater—in—chief, and to become the person who just tweets away his hate. that is what is incorrect. this is for one person. one meal a day. mayor crus believes america needs to forget about puerto rico's debt, to write off the billions of us dollars the island owes. we took, as a country, more money borrowed than we knew we could pay at some point. we knew we were taking debt for the next generation and the next generation. and it is time they accept they have lost, because who is going to pay the debt? that is a good question. no one should pay it. i said this to the president. you either count the debt or you count the dead. and the choice?
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it is very simple. i still remain baffled because there is no discussion about this debt going away — this more than $70 billion. you talk about rebuilding and hope and change, but how, when the debt is not going anywhere and the poverty situation remains the same and now it is all being...? you know, the hurricane has added to your woes. this is why the international community must take a step forward and stand with the people of puerto rico. our relationship with the united states puts us at a disadvantage. even though we are citizens of the united states, perhaps we are perceived to be second—class citizens. this is the crux of the problem. many puerto ricans feel
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they are stuck between a rock and a hard place, neither fully american nor independent, but trapped in limbo. ola, jennifer! it's sunday and i've come back to the mountainous region of maricao to joinjennifer and her family for lunch. you've had a haircut! this is the room we were in. she's been busy making her unfinished house more of a home. you've spent the last few days just rearranging, cleaning... in the aftermath of maria, millions of people in puerto rico were left without running water. but i am struck by how well
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jennifer seems to be coping. jennifer, is it difficult to cook without water and any electricity for so many people, all of yourfamily? jennifer tells meet that even before maria, power cuts were common, and getting clean water has been a problem for over ten years. she says the local authorities never laid down water pipes. why didn't you say something to someone? the mayor, the local authorities, why don't you ask for it to change? jennifer is not the only one with these kinds of problems. even before maria, puerto rico's
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water quality was worse than any other us territory or state. nice to see that the family are trying to have some kind of normality back in their life and they are all together enjoying a meal and a sunday. and trying to forget all the daily hardships that they face. back in toa alta, gloria, who set up the temporary clinic, is searching for the man with the tiny baby we saw a few days ago. before maria struck, jose evacuated his family
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to a nearby village. this isjose's house. 0h, jose. there's nothing left. the bathroom is the only thing left. what do you think when you see your baby's cot there? jose and his family now stay at his mother's house on the other side of the road. it is one of the only houses on this street still standing. is it frustrating for you to wait
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with two small children? but it's notjust buildings and infrastructure that have been destroyed. people have lost their lives. i just want to know a little more about what your son was like, what kind of person he was. 27—year—old anthony bracero passed away 16 days after the hurricane. his family suspect he died
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of leptospirosis, an infection spread by rats. anthony's family think he handled wood contaminated by rat urine in the aftermath of the hurricane, and that made him ill. he went to the hospital and two days later he died. how do you now see life without your son? since the hurricane,
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there have been at least 76 cases of leptospirosis, that's a dramatic increase. do you think your son and cases like your son's should be counted in the official death toll of the hurricane? the death of zulma's son was not because of the impact of the hurricane itself, it was the result of something that happened in the aftermath of the hurricane. and it is something that zulma will have to live with for the rest of her life. could his death have been avoided and could more have been done? the official hurricane death toll is 55. but that's just the people whose death has been verified by autopsy
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to have been directly caused by the hurricane. the real figure could be over 500 people. we may never know the truth. the organisation with ultimate responsibility of the united states relief effort is the federal emergency management agency, or fema. this is the largest fema response in the caribbean, it has been the most catastrophic event in puerto rico and probably will be in the entire united states. there's piles and piles of rubbish, do you think it is a public health crisis? that's another example of the catastrophic nature of the event, it created so much debris. we are taking that very seriously... i know it's an example of how catastrophic things are, but it's also an example of how slow things have been! we are doing what we have with the equipment that we have, and you're bringing a great example.
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compared to florida or to texas, we are an island, there's not enough... i'm not making a comparison... i am making it, we are an island. so there was not enough trucks, there was not enough equipment in puerto rico, and everything has to be brought by air or sea. indeed, but what would you say to the people who are incredibly frustrated, who say that fema is not doing anything? i understand their frustration, i don't have water in my house, i don't have power at my house. we understand there is a lot more that we need to do, and we will continue working. fema say they are doing what they can. but with the territory in financial chaos before maria, the task of rebuilding puerto rico is daunting. with the island's complicated relationship with america, it's unclear who is going to fix things. in the meantime, people are relying on the kindness of strangers. a charity made up of university
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students has arrived here tojennifer‘s home and they're basically visiting the families who have children to give them toys and food and help out in whatever way they can. jennifer, have you been getting help like this? why are you emotional? does it give you hope? today has been one of the better days forjennifer. but her fight to provide for her children is farfrom over.
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aid can only be a short—term solution. the apocalyptic destruction brought on by hurricane maria has lifted the veil and showed the world puerto rico's broken economy and rampant poverty. with no money and its people's lives still in shreds, an even bigger storm is gathering. this is how we start remembrance sunday, cloudy with some outbreaks of rain down to the south. not quite as cold here but clearer skies and a few wintry showers to the far north, with temperatures just a couple of degrees above freezing. now, that cold air is going to continue to push its way steadily south across the whole of england and wales as we go through remembrance sunday. so it's worth bearing in mind, if you're up and off early, we could see a scattering of showers, some of those running down through the cheshire gap to the midlands and maybe into the south—east but hopefully they will ease away in time for remembrance sunday services at the cenotaph. but it's worth bearing in mind there could be an isolated rogue
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shower still floating around. elsewhere, if you are heading for remembrance sunday services, most likely chance of seeing some showers at 11 o'clock in the morning is through wales and maybe one or two into south—west england, and elsewhere should be dry. cold, yes, you will need to wrap up warm. nevertheless there should be good spells of sunshine. a few isolated showers across the east coast of northern ireland. and one or two filtering in through the northern isles and the far north of scotland. some of these will still have a wintry flavour mixed in there. and it is going be accompanied by a brisk north north—westerly wind, driving in the potential of a few showers along the north sea coast and one or two continuing in wales and south—west england through the day. sandwiched in between the two, it's dry, it's settled, it's sunny but it's crisp. top temperatures of around 6—10 degrees. as we move out of remembrance sunday into monday, it's going to turn colder still with winds falling light and high—pressure just quietening things down and killing off the showers. so we're going to see another frost — another hard frost — yet again, for monday morning with temperatures in rural parts of scotland down to lows of minus five.
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that is important because we are expecting more cloud and rain to push in to the north—western. 0n the leading edge of it, we could see some snow, maybe some significant snow for a time. we need to keep an eye on that. things a little more straightforward further south. it's going to cloud over a little, it's going to be largely dry but not particularly warm, with highs of 5—10 degrees. that weather front continues to push its way south and east, out of monday, into tuesday. introducing milder weather but also the potentialfor a little bit of light rain. so we start our new week cold and frosty, but it will turn milder with some more rain to come. take care. welcome to bbc news. president trump is meeting his vietnamese counterpart tran dai quang, on the latest leg of his asian tour. he was greeted with an elaborate ceremony at the presidential
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palace in hanoi. mr trump praised vietnam's economic reforms and welcomed its commitment to reducing trade barriers to us agricultural products. meanwhile, president trump's war of words with north korea has continued with a tweet in which the american president wonders why the north korean leader would insult him by calling him old. in his tweet, mr trump said he would never call kim jong—un
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