welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: at least 120 people are killed as a strong earthquake hits the border region between iraq and iran. the asean summit gets under way in manila. donald trump is set to meet the controversial leader of the philippines, rodrigo duterte. the former prime minister of lebanon, saad hariri, has spoken publicly for the first time since his surprise resignation. the prince of wales leads tributes to the fallen. this year, queen elizabeth watches the ceremony from a nearby balcony. iran's media are reporting that 61 people have been killed and more
—— iran's media are reporting that 120 people have been killed and more than 300 injured in an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3. the quake hit the border area between iran and iraq, around 30km south of the iraqi town of halabja. it has caused extensive damage with 16 deaths in the kurdistan region. the quake was so powerful, it was felt as far away as lebanon and turkey. andrew plant has more. the aftermath of an earthquake here, that struck after dark. for rural villages in the affected areas, the searches beginning in torchlight for any survivors that might be buried in the fallen buildings. the shocks were felt in towns, too. people out for the evening running to safety, finding a way outside, away from the danger, scared there could be more to come.
the first reports are that the centre of the earthquake was near the border between iran and iraq, somewhere close to the village of halabja. the us geological survey said the epicentre was 20 kilometres south—west of the border. the moment the earthquake struck was even captured on live tv, these news broadcasters feeling the tremors as their programme played out. local media is now showing emergency shelters and beds being set up outside. 15 emergency teams, they say, are now helping treat the injured and search for survivors. the number of dead is still climbing but it could be many days before the real extent of the damage done here is fully clear. on the line is polla garmiany. he is a kurdish community worker in germany and from sulaymaniyah in iraq, one of the areas badly
affected by the earthquake. thank you to joining thank you tojoining us here on bbc news. what are you hearing from friends and family back home? think you are having men. people are quite shocked —— thank you for having me. they play my family ariake but they are scared and shop because nobody has ever experienced an earthquake of that magnitude. many homes are shattered, buildings have collapsed and it seems that the damage near sulaymaniyah has been considerable, so sulaymaniyah has been considerable, $03 sulaymaniyah has been considerable, so a ruck and kurdistan have asked the population to evacuate that region. if the dam has been damaged, are theirfears were region. if the dam has been damaged, are their fears were what could happen as a consequence, do you know? yes, the dam has been damaged, according to officials outside, but
it looks like it has not been serious damage but the after—shocks, they could lead to the dam breaking and then to a massive humanitarian catastrophe which could flood cities nearby or even further south down to the arab cities, devastating buildings there. you mention this is an area that is used to getting earthquakes not something of this scale. how prepared, how good are the authorities in the region dealing with things like this? well, you're right, earthquakes are quite regular in the region but what happened tonight was devastating. nobody had expected that. i don't know if the officials are prepared to such a situation. you have to remember that the kurds have been facing crippling crisis for years
due to the war against isis so i don't know if the kurds alone can manage it and they immediately need help. i'm guessing it's winter in that part of the world, isn't it? so will that be a factor? of course, yes, because many people have lost their homes and don't know where to sleep or to leave and in the coming days and weeks, it will lead to a huge crisis because there are also issues with electricity and the water supply and so on. it has all been damaged. so i think the people there need urgent help from the outside, from the european union, from the united kingdom, from everybody. i imagine when you heard about this earthquake, you immediately started making calls, trying to get in contact. have you
spoken to in the last few hours and would have told you? to be honest but actually thought it's just an earthquake like the recent ones and then, after getting the news, i was quite shocked. we talked to our family in kurdistan, near sulaymaniyah, and friends need kurdistan and they said that even the citadel of their bill, the unesco world heritage site, has been damaged too. —— erbil. they are all quite shocked. we are hearing that many, quite shocked. we are hearing that any quite shocked. we are hearing that many, many people are injured. i think in the kurdish parts of a run, more people have died than in the kurdistan region of iraq. and the situation is getting worse, due to the cold weather —— iran. situation is getting worse, due to the cold weather -- iran. we will
leave it there, will we appreciate you speaking to us. you can find more on the search and rescue efforts on bbc news by going to our website — that's bbc.com/news. you can also download the bbc news app. president trump is now in the philippines to attend the asean summit. that is the association of southeast asian nations. he's meeting the controversial leader rodrigo duterte, whose drug war has claimed thousands of lives. earlier, leaders gathered for a gala dinner in manila and signed a number of trade agreements with hong kong. the bbc‘s howard johnson joins us from manila. howerd, i believe row protesters near to where you are, is that right? but what there are protesters. yes, about 1000
protesters. yes, about 1000 protesters left from this area about 20 minutes ago. they have a large effigy of donald trump which they are expecting to burn later today, somewhere near are expecting to burn later today, somewhere near to are expecting to burn later today, somewhere near to where the summit is taking place. it is important to remember this is a small left—wing group, it is mainly made up of peasa nts group, it is mainly made up of peasants and urban poor, and they are protesting against globalisation and lack of distribution of wealth but it's important to remember the vast majority of filipinos have a good relationship with america. but what we will see later on today is that donald trump will meet up with president duterte, babel have a bilateral meeting where they will discuss all sorts of different things —— babel have. i spoke to the president is the a few days ago and askedif president is the a few days ago and asked if they would be discussing the controversial war on drugs here and he said that extrajudicial killings, the summary executions that have become — the human rights
group have had a big issue within the country, he said it wouldn't be on the table which goes against what the white house is saying, their press office said that donald trump will be bringing up the issue, so let's see what happens. what else is on the agenda for the summit on monday? donald trump is currently at the opening ceremony of this 50th anniversary meeting of the regional association. it will also meet up with malcolm turnbull, the prime minister of australia. he will also meet up with the promise of india as well. we can expect donald trump to be leaning on leaders of the region to put pressure on north korea to come on side. he will also be looking to wade into the south china sea debate. yesterday he said he is a good mediator and could help to
mediate the situation. we can see that vietnam and the philippines and china and a few countries that they claim the territorial waters worth billions of dollars of shipping trade, he will be trying to make sure that america has free navigation for its ships and trading ships through these waters in the coming years. howerd, we will leave it there. thank you. the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe — the british woman imprisoned in iran on charges of spying — says she is "on the verge of a nervous breakdown". it also confirmed she for a medical professional after she found slumps on her breast. 0prah for lumps. it comes as the uk government faces further criticism over its handling of the case. 0ur political correspondent eleanor garnier reports. jailed in iran, separated from her family, who tonight say there's fresh concern over nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe's physical
and mental health. she's 19 months into a five—year sentence for allegedly trying to bring down the iranian government. but her husband has always maintained she'd been on holiday. now, another british minister is facing accusations of a blunder after appearing to cast doubt on what the mother—of—one had been up to. what was she doing when she went to iran? i don't know. one of the things i want to stress is that there is no reason why nazanin zaghari— ratcliffe should be in prison in iran, so far as any of us know. although insisting he supported the family's version of events, his initial reply had contradicted what the foreign secretary said earlier this week. the uk government has no doubt that she was on holiday in iran when she was arrested last year and that was the sole purpose of her visit. it was a statement borisjohnson had been forced to make to clarify his previous comments that mrs zaghari—ratcliffe had been teaching journalists in iran — remarks that caused concern her
sentence might be extended. today, michael gove attempted to shift the attention. if the iranian judiciary want to use the words of a democrat in order to justify an unjustifiable decision, then it's our responsibility to call them out. let's not play their game. in a statement tonight, richard ratcliffe said his wife was on the verge of a nervous breakdown and that yesterday, she'd seen a doctor after finding lumps in her breasts. they advised, given her stress levels, her situation should be kept under close surveillance. mr ratcliffe and the foreign secretary spoke for the first time today. they've agreed to meet within a couple of weeks. but the family's local mp is calling for resignations. it is the job of the british government to protect british citizens. if they make matters worse for my constituent, they need to realise that they are unfit for office, and michael gove and borisjohnson, who are meant to be the leading
lights in the government, have got to resign. the foreign secretary's due to go to iran before the end of the year, and he's under enormous pressure to secure a positive outcome. but with a complicated political situation in the country, it's by no means guaranteed. tonight, mr ratcliffe said the foreign secretary will play a crucial role in bringing his wife home and that resignations are not the answer. eleanor garnier, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: spain's prime minister addresses the crowds in catalonia — his first visit to the region since imposing direct rule. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced round their liberated territory. and, with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself.
it's keeping the candidate's name always in the public eye that counts. success or failure depends not only on public display but on the local campaign headquarters and the heavy routine work of their women volunteers. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. the palestinian authority has declared a state of mourning for the leader who symbolised his people's hopes for independent statehood. in the wake of the colombian volcano disaster, rescue teams are trying to reach thousands of survivors who managed to clamber onto rooftops and trees above the sea of mud. after 17 years of discussion, the result was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers who'd long felt only grudgingly accepted amongst the ranks of clergy suddenly felt welcomed. this is bbc news.
the latest headlines: reports from iran say a strong earthquake has killed at least 120 people and injured many others in the west of the country. the former prime minister of lebanon, saad hariri, has spoken publicly for the first time since his surprise resignation eight days ago. he told a lebanese television station he would be returning home from saudi arabia within days. mr hariri denied he is being held against his will. he added he was aware he had not resigned in the usual way, but he wanted to give the country what he described as a positive shock, to alert it to the dangers it faces. iran and its lebanese ally, the militant group hezbollah, accuse saudi arabia of holding mr hariri hostage. translation: there's a security threat on my life, but that's just part of it. actually, there's the protection of lebanon. i want to protect lebanon. i will go back to lebanon, and i will be back really soon. i will follow the constitutional process of resignation.
you have to give me time to secure myself in lebanon. i am not talking about weeks or months, i am talking about weeks or months, i am talking about days. for more on this, i am joined by ali al—ahmed, who is a saudi analyst and director of the washington dc—based think tank institute for gulf affairs. thank you forjoining us here on bbc news. what did you make of that interview? i think this is the best interview? i think this is the best interview saad hariri has given, ever. these two days, have turned saad hariri into maybe the most popular lebanese politician in many yea rs, popular lebanese politician in many years, andi popular lebanese politician in many years, and i can see the lebanese rallying around him, even those who did not belong to his movement, even on the other side of the aisle in lebanese politics. i think you did very well, and he sent the right
messages. many people, though, have picked up on perhaps a slightly relaxed demeanour during that hour—long interview. did you notice anything? —— unrelaxed. hour—long interview. did you notice anything? -- unrelaxed. yes, i did. there are videos that leaks that showed saudi officials running around and basically yelling at even the host, and in the interview itself, we can see a man in the shadows there, you know, gesturing and writing something on a piece of paper. so hariri was... acted like he was in detention, but at the same timei he was in detention, but at the same time i think he showed a very strong personality and gave consistent a nswe rs , personality and gave consistent answers, and i think that the right messages. yes, in terms of the messages, he alluded to the fact that he might withdraw his resignation, but only if hezbollah stopped involving themselves in regional conflicts. how realistic
prospect is that? i think there is a middle ground here. what he called the settlement, he is looking for another settlement, after the first one with the man who was appointed as president, so i think he wants hezbollah to stop interfering or getting involved in other countries' affairs, namely syria, and he probably used are the names. but they could reach some kind of an arrangement. i don't think that is only the saudi wish. they want more, but hariri, i think, pleased everyone, the lebanese and the saudis, in this interview. just briefly, ali, how many days, do you think, before he has to return home, before that goodwill in lebanon runs out? i think you made it hard for the saudis not to allow him to go back, so i am hoping that he will return very quickly. i don't think it is going to be days, like he
said, but the pressure now, and everything is really behind him now. he did very well, i think. 0k, thank you very much forjoining us. ceremonies have taken place across the uk for remembrance sunday, with the traditional two—minute silence observed at 11:00am in the morning. veterans, politicians, and members of the royalfamily attended a service at the cenotaph in central london, where this year prince charles led the tributes. he laid a wreath on behalf of the queen, as she watched from a nearby balcony. 0ur royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. it is, there is little doubt, the way things will increasingly be. for the first time in her reign, the queen took her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph, still presiding as head of state, but in a way which recognises
her advancing years. beside her on the balcony was her husband, the duke of edinburgh. below, on whitehall, the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their positions at the cenotaph, in readiness for 11:00am and the start of the national two—minute silence. clock chimes. last post sounds. in whitehall, after the sounding of the last post, the prince of wales laid the queen's wreath on behalf of the united kingdom and the commonwealth, in memory of all those
who lost their lives in the world wars, and other, more recent conflicts. and then, on a morning which had been damp and cold, the veterans who had been waiting in their columns began their tribute, marching past the cenotaph to lay their wreaths. very few of those on parade now have memories of the second world war. that generation has passed the obligation to remember to its successors, to men like bill speakman, who won the victoria cross in korea, and johnson beharry, awarded the vc in iraq, and to the many thousands of other servicemen and women who today remembered those who never came home from war. nicholas witchell, bbc news. spain's prime minister says regional elections next month will help end what he called the separatist havoc in catalonia. mariano rajoy was addressing a campaign event during his first visit since imposing direct rule from madrid a fortnight ago. he urged those opposed to catalan independence to make sure they vote. from barcelona, the bbc‘s
james reynolds sent this report. mariano rajoy came to visit the region he now runs. this was his first trip to catalonia since he deposed the local separatist administration. "your first visit for a while?" i asked him. como esta? "good," he said. this was a busy campaign stop. translation: we want to bring back the catalonia that belongs to everyone, with democracy and freedom. we will achieve this if the silent majority turns out to voice their vote. for a short while, at least, the man who ultimately rules catalonia is now here in catalonia. mariano rajoy wants to use this, his visit, to strengthen the pro—spain camp.
and this is what he is up against. libertad! on saturday, tens of thousands of pro—independence campaigners took to the streets. we are people who believe in peace, we are people who believe in freedom, we are people who believe in the republic, and we will keep going on and on and on till we reach our success. the two halves of catalonia, pro—independence and pro—spain, now begin a five—week campaign for their future. james reynolds, bbc news, barcelona. truffles are regarded as quite the delicacy, but they are increasingly difficult to come by. there has been a steep decline in production, and many are blaming climate change. the bbc‘s tim allman reports now on the search for what some have called the diamond of the kitchen. gorgeous, mountainous scenery of
north—western italy. autumnal mists rolling over the fields and farms of people, and this master truffle hunter is on a mission. along with his two dogs, rocky and jimmy, he is searching for a rare delicacy, a white truffle. but this is a mission that gets harder every year. translation: more than the money, i'd say it's the passion. it was, u nfortu nately, i'd say it's the passion. it was, unfortunately, in the last four yea rs unfortunately, in the last four years it has been really hard to pay even the dogs' expenses, the vet bills and everything. we have had such dry season is that we haven't earned a lot. there has been a 3096 decline in truffle production over the last 25 years. in some places, they are disappearing altogether. climate change and a prolonged drought taking their toll. and when
you cut supply, demand inevitably increases. at this auction south—east of turin, huge crowds turned out, some willing to pay skyhigh prices. i come from switzerland, and compared to switzerland, and compared to switzerland it is much cheaper here. but they are not cheap, definitely not cheap. i know it is very expensive, but it is even more expensive, but it is even more expensive in germany, and if you buy truffles in germany, often you get minor quality. the largest truffle sold for $75,000, the winning bid coming all the way from hong kong. proof that as this delicacy becomes ever more rare, it becomes ever more valuable. do stay with us on bbc news. hello there.
well, for most of us, sunday was a pretty glorious day. plenty of sunshine, but it was cold. windy as well, particularly down the east coast. plenty of showers here, too. some of these will continue through the course of the night and some on the heavy side but become more confined to the north sea coast of england and elsewhere, turning much drier and a colder night to come. widespread frost developing in some rural places. you can see the blue colours there. there is something a little less cold into the north—west of the uk by the end of the night, as the weather system pushes in, bringing outbreaks of rain. we start monday morning cold and frosty. lots of sunshine though. you can see the blue hue there, so some places freezing or below at around 8:00am in the morning. we continue to see cattered showers and blustery conditions across eastern coast areas, particularly from lincolnshire down in towards east anglia.
the odd heavier one too. northern ireland and northern england and scotland, a cold start but increasing wind and cloud across western scotland. outbreaks of rain into the western isles initally. this weather system will continue to move east through the course of the day, bringing rain and hill snow. we could even see snow down to lower levels before it all turns back to rain as the mild air moves in. to rain as the milder air moves in. northern ireland, cloudy with outbreaks of rain. elsewhere, a fine day but the sunshine turning hazier, and it's going to be another cold one. for monday night, this weather system continues to advance eastwards, bringing stronger winds, outbreaks of rain to much of the country, but also milder air. we'll lose the cold air as that weather system moves. you can see we're all into the yellow and orange colours. most of the country, i say, because the far north of scotland continues to wax and wane in that cooler air stream. for tuesday, it is a cloudier day.
outbreaks of rain, particularly across western hills, a bit of mist and murk. look at those double—figure values for most — 10—12 degrees. also cloudy on wednesday and thursday. the best of the sunshine across northern parts of the uk. thursday actually looking like probably the mildest day across the whole of the uk. quite a mixture this week. we're starting off on a cold and frosty start, with some sunshine. it turns then milder and cloudy for a time, with outbreaks of rain, and signs of it turning colder by the end of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines: reports from iran say a strong earthquake has killed at least 120 people and injured many others in the west of the country. the epicentre of the earthquake, which measured 7.3, wasjust across the border in iraq, close to the kurdish city of halabja. us president, donald trump, is attending the annual asean summit in the philippines. mr trump is due to hold talks with the country's controversial leader, rodrigo duterte, who has admitted personally killing
people as part of a campaign to eradicate drugs that has left thousands dead. saad hariri, who announced that he was quitting as lebanese prime minister earlier this month, says his aim was to give his country a positive shock. speaking publicly for the first time about his decision, mr hariri said he would return home within days to formally submit his resignation. now on bbc news, it's time for britain's city of culture.