welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: at least 120 people are killed as a strong earthquake hits the border region between iraq and iran. the asean summit gets under way in manila. donald trump meets the controversial leader of the philippines, rodrigo duterte. new fears for the health of a british woman held in iran as the uk government faces more criticism over its handling of her case. the prince of wales leads tributes to the fallen. this year, the queen watched the ceremony from a balcony for the first time. hello.
iran's media are reporting that 120 people have been killed and more than 300 injured in an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.3. the quake hit the border area between iran and iraq, around 30km south of halabja. in iraq, it has caused extensive damage with at least 16 deaths in the kurdistan region. the quake was so powerful, it was felt as far away as lebanon and turkey. andrew plant has more. carried into hospital amid the chaos at this clinic in iran, victims of the earthquake on stretchers, others walking wounded. as more and more of the injured arrive. the earthquake struck after dark, rural villages and the effect of areas, the search began in torchlight, for any survivors that might be buried in the fallen buildings. the shocks were felt in towns, too.
people out for the evening running to safety, finding a way outside, away from the danger, scared there could be more to come. the first reports are that the centre of the earthquake was near the border between iran and iraq, somewhere close to the village of halabja. the us geological survey said the epicentre was 20 kilometres south—west of the border. the moment the earthquake struck was even captured on live tv, these news broadcasters feeling the tremors as their programme played out. local media is now showing emergency shelters and beds being set up outside. 15 emergency teams, they say, are now helping treat the injured and search for survivors. the number of dead is still climbing but it could be many days before the real extent of the damage done here is fully clear. for the latest, i spoke
to polla garmiany, a kurdish community worker in germany who comes from sulaymaniyah in iraq, one of the areas badly affected by the earthquake. well, people are quite shocked and the reports are devastating. thanks to god, my family's 0k, but they are obviously scared and shocked because nobody has ever experienced an earthquake of that magnitude. many homes are shattered, buildings have collapsed and it seems that the dam in darbandikhan, south of sulaymaniyah, has been damaged considerably, so that the governments of iraq and kurdistan are both asking the population to evacuate the region. if the dam has been damaged, are their fears for what could —— if the dam has been damaged, are there fears for what could happen as a consequence, do you know? yes, the dam has been damaged, according to officials on site, but it looks like it's not
that serious for now, but if after—shocks come, it could lead to the dam breaking and that could lead to a massive humanitarian catastrophe which could flood cities like kalar and jalawla or even further south, the arab cities, that face devastating floodings. polla, you mention that this is an area that is used to getting earthquakes but not something on this scale. how prepared, how good are the authorities in the region dealing with things like this? well, you're right, earthquakes are quite regular in the region but what happened tonight was devastating. nobody had expected that. i don't know if the government or the officials are prepared for such a situation. you have to remember that the kurds have been facing devastating economic and military crisis for years now due to the war against isis, then the shia militia, so i don't know if the kurds alone can manage that and they
immediately need help. i'm guessing it's winter in that part of the world, isn't it? so is that going to be a factor? of course, yes, because many people have lost their homes and don't know where to sleep or to live in the coming days and weeks, and that will lead to a huge crisis because there are also issues with electricity and the water supply and so on, it has all been damaged. so i think the people there need urgent help from the outside — from the european union, from the united kingdom, from everywhere. polla, i imagine when you heard about this earthquake, you immediately started making calls, trying to get in contact. who have you spoken to in the last few hours, and what have they told you?
well, to be honest, i actually thought it's just an earthquake like the recent ones but then, after getting the news, i was quite shocked. we talked to our family in kurdistan, near sulaymaniyah, and to friends in erbil, the capital of kurdistan, and they say that even the citadel of erbil, the unesco world heritage site, has been damaged too. they are all quite shocked. and it's a humanitarian crisis but also a cultural crisis in the region. they are all quite shocked, yeah. and we are hearing that many, many people are injured. i think in the kurdish parts of iran, more people have died than in the kurdistan region of iraq. i also spoke to rafael abreu, who is with the us geological survey, a short while ago for an update. basically, i've been looking
at the report of the casualties. it is how we look at the impact on casualties of the event. it looks like there are 140 people killed in this event. it looks like we also have over 1500 people injured, which is very much in line with the impact we would expect from an earthquake of this magnitude. this part of the middle east is prone to earthquakes. is this an especially large one? not especially. there have definitely been earthquakes of this magnitude. there was one in 2010 that been earthquakes of this magnitude. there was one in 2010 that was significant. thousands were killed. about a decade ago, tens of
thousands were killed. from a geological point of view, this type of earthquake with this magnitude in this region, there are no surprises. but in terms of the human impact, it is significant. are there dangers of after—shocks? in terms of after—shocks, we have seen not that many. they have not been very large. i have been on duty this afternoon. we have seen a magnitude 5.3, followed by a magnitude 11.5 and a 4.2. that is what we have seen. those are the ones we can see on the network. those are the ones on the televised nic network, with instruments around the world.
locally, there have been smaller events. we definitely cannot see them. we had one magnitude 5 after—shock and two in the magnitude 4 range. geologically, what is it about this area that makes it so prone to earthquakes? 0k. basically, it is because of the tectonic boundary. ok, so definitely a region where you would expect to see large seismic events. the crust of the earth is being subject to stress. you can find more on the search and rescue efforts on bbc news by going to our website — that's bbc.com/news. you can also download the bbc news app. president trump is now in the philippines to attend the asean summit — that's the association of south—east asian nations.
he's meeting the controversial leader rodrigo duterte, whose drug war has claimed thousands of lives. he is due to hold one to one talks in manila with president duterte, who has admitted personally killing people as part of a campaign to eradicate drugs that has left thousands dead. activists have urged the us president to raise human rights concerns with his host. steve herman, the white house bureau chief for voice of america news told me more about the protests outside the summit and what was on the agenda for the asean leaders. this is the second straight day they have been out on the streets. they tried to reach the us embassy yesterday and will try to get over to where the asean conference is today. they will try to continue tomorrow. in some part, it is being directed at president donald trump of the united states, calling him a war monger. it is under the umbrella of manteit
imperialism. —— it is under the umbrella of anti—imperialism. the philippines, of course, has a tradition of robust democracy, including left—wing protesters. i think it would have been surprising if the streets of manila had been totally quiet while the leaders from the region and world were gathered here. what about the leaders themselves? how do you expect donald trump to get on with rodrigo duterte? so far, they seem to be getting on swimmingly. they met — i was in the room last evening when they shook hands and gathered for so—called family photos before having dinner. president trump was sitting next to president rodrigo duterte and looked like they were having a good time for the limited amount of time we were allowed in the room and able to observe them. and we don't expect that the president, in any strong terms, some of his predecessors may have brought up the issue of human rights.
that will be a good thing for rodrigo duterte, who has been under pressure for his extrajudicial killings. by some estimates, thousands have been killed with the consent of president duterte. rewinding to sunday and the flurry of tweets coming from president donald trump, is there any sense with the travelling administration that he has changed the tone, given he was so well—behaved? suddenly, we got a flurry of angry messages. has it cast a shadow in any way? he put things off message. things have been going very much on message. a lot of the focus has been on north korea, the security issue in the talks he had in korea and japan and china.
there was some speculation perhaps the president was getting a bit tired and irritated because of the length of the trip. i can tell you, it is gruelling being on it. according to white house officials, to white house officials we have been eating with, the president is holding up pretty well. i would think the president was shown something the state media said about him, calling him old and delusional, from north korea. that set him off. but could have happened, as it sometimes does, when the president wa kes sometimes does, when the president wakes up fresh in the white house each day. ijust want i just want to show you some live pictures from manila, the protest that steve was talking about. people
have gathered there, protesting against donald trump and against america more generally. i think, against donald trump and against america more generally. ithink, as steve was describing, this is a crowd that have accused him of being a warmonger, they are anti—war protesters, you can see their some sort of model with president trump ‘s head in the centre and it is clearly a swastika their holding a gun and holding money. earlier we saw slight skirmishes with riot police, using water cannon and their shields to get people back. it looks what it is under control but there we are, earning an effigy or kind of model of donald trump there in manila. —— burning. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: spain's prime minister campaigns in catalonia — his first visit to the region since imposing direct rule. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced
round their liberated territory. and, with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself. it's keeping the candidate's name always in the public eye that counts. success or failure depends not only on public display but on the local campaign headquarters and the heavy routine work of their women volunteers. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. the palestinian authority has declared a state of mourning for the leader who symbolised his people's hopes for independent statehood. in the wake of the colombian volcano disaster, rescue teams are trying to reach thousands of survivors who managed to clamber onto rooftops and trees above the sea of mud. after 17 years of discussion, the result was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers who'd long felt only grudgingly accepted amongst the ranks of clergy suddenly felt welcomed. this is bbc news.
the latest headlines: reports from iran say a strong earthquake has killed at least 120 people and injured many others in the west of the country. donald trump is attending the annual asean summit in the philippines, where he is due to hold talks with the country's controversial leader, rodrigo duterte. the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the british woman imprisoned in iran on charges of spying, says she is "on the verge of a nervous breakdown". he disclosed mrs zaghari—ratcliffe saw a medical specialist on saturday afterfinding lumps in her breasts. it comes as the uk government faces further criticism over its handling of the case. 0ur political correspondent eleanor garnier reports. jailed in iran, separated from her family, who tonight say there's fresh concern over nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe's physical
and mental health. she's 19 months into a five—year sentence for allegedly trying to bring down the iranian government. but her husband has always maintained she'd been on holiday. now, another british minister is facing accusations of a blunder after appearing to cast doubt on what the mother—of—one had been up to. what was she doing when she went to iran? i don't know. one of the things i want to stress is that there is no reason why nazanin zaghari— ratcliffe should be in prison in iran, so far as any of us know. although insisting he supported the family's version of events, his initial reply had contradicted what the foreign secretary said earlier this week. the uk government has no doubt that she was on holiday in iran when she was arrested last year and that was the sole purpose of her visit. it was a statement borisjohnson had been forced to make to clarify his previous comments that mrs zaghari—ratcliffe had been
teaching journalists in iran, remarks that caused concern her sentence might be extended. today, michael gove attempted to shift the attention. if the iranian judiciary want to use the words of a democrat in order to justify an unjustifiable decision, then it's our responsibility to call them out. let's not play their game. in a statement tonight, richard ratcliffe said his wife was on the verge of a nervous breakdown and that yesterday she'd seen a doctor after finding lumps in her breasts. they advised, given her stress levels, her situation should be kept under close surveillance. mr ratcliffe and the foreign secretary spoke for the first time today. they've agreed to meet within a couple of weeks. but the family's local mp is calling for resignations. it is the job of the british government to protect british citizens. if they make matters worse for my constituent,
they need to realise that they are unfit for office, and michael gove and borisjohnson, who are meant to be the leading lights in the government, have got to resign. the foreign secretary's due to go to iran before the end of the year, and he's under enormous pressure to secure a positive outcome. but with a complicated political situation in the country, it's by no means guaranteed. tonight, mr ratcliffe said the foreign secretary will play a crucial role in bringing his wife home and that resignations are not the answer. eleanor garnier, bbc news. ceremonies have taken place across the uk for remembrance sunday, with the traditional two—minute silence observed at 11:00am in the morning. veterans, politicians, and members of the royalfamily attended a service at the cenotaph in central london, where this year prince charles led the tributes. he laid a wreath on behalf of the queen, as she watched from a nearby balcony. it is, there is little doubt, the way things will increasingly be.
for the first time in her reign, the queen took her place on a balcony overlooking the cenotaph, still presiding as head of state, but in a way which recognises her advancing years. beside her on the balcony was her husband, the duke of edinburgh. below, on whitehall, the prince of wales led other senior members of the royal family to their positions at the cenotaph, in readiness for 11:00am and the start of the national two minutes‘ silence. clock chimes. in whitehall, after the sounding of the last post, the prince
of wales laid the queen's wreath on behalf of the united kingdom and the commonwealth, in memory of all those who lost their lives in the world wars, and other, more recent conflicts. and then, on a morning which had been damp and cold, the veterans who had been waiting in their columns began their tribute, marching past the cenotaph to lay their wreaths. very few of those on parade now have memories of the second world war. that generation has passed the obligation to remember to its successors, to men like bill speakman, who won the victoria cross in korea, and johnson beharry, awarded the vc in iraq, and to the many thousands of other servicemen and women who today remembered those who never came home from war. nicholas witchell, bbc news. spain's prime minister says regional
elections next month will help end what he called the separatist havoc in catalonia. mariano rajoy was addressing a campaign event during his first visit since imposing direct rule from madrid a fortnight ago. he urged those opposed to catalan independence to make sure they vote. from barcelona, the bbc‘s james reynolds sent this report. mariano rajoy came to visit the region he now runs. this was his first trip to catalonia since he deposed the local separatist administration. "your first visit for a while?" i asked him. como esta? "good," he said. this was a busy campaign stop, ahead of next month's regional elections. translation: we want to bring back the catalonia that belongs to everyone, with democracy and freedom. we will achieve this if the silent majority turns out to voice their vote. for a short while, at least, the man who ultimately rules catalonia is now here in catalonia.
mariano rajoy wants to use this, his visit, to strengthen the pro—spain camp. and this is what he is up against. crowd: libertad! on saturday, tens of thousands of pro—independence campaigners took to the streets. we are people who believe in peace, we're people who believe in freedom, we're people who believe in the republic. and we will keep going on and on and on, till we reach oui’ success. the two halves of catalonia, pro—independence and pro—spain, now begin a five—week campaign for their future. james reynolds, bbc news, barcelona. truffles are regarded as quite the delicacy, but they are increasingly difficult to come by. there has been a steep decline in production, and many are blaming climate change. the bbc‘s tim allman reports now on the search for what some have called the diamond of the kitchen.
the gorgeous, mountainous scenery of north—western italy. autumnal mists roll in over the fields and farms of piedmont, and master truffle hunter piercarlo vacchina is on a mission. along with his two dogs, rocky and jimmy, he is searching for a rare delicacy — a white truffle. but this is a mission that gets harder every year. translation: more than the money, i'd say it's the passion. because, unfortunately, in the last few years it's been really hard to pay even the dogs‘ expenses — the vet bills and everything. we've had such dry seasons that we haven't earned a lot. there has been a 30% decline in truffle production over the past 25 years. in some places, they are disappearing altogether, climate change and a prolonged drought taking their toll. and, when you cut supply,
demand inevitably increases. at this auction south—east of turin, huge crowds turned out, some willing to pay sky—high prices. i come from switzerland, and compared to switzerland, it's much cheaper here. but they are not cheap, definitely not cheap. i know it's very expensive, but it's even more expensive in germany, and if you buy truffles in germany, often you get minor quality. the largest truffle sold for $75,000, the winning bid coming all the way from hong kong. proof that, as this delicacy becomes ever more rare, it becomes ever more valuable. this is bbc news. hello there.
well, for most of us, sunday was a pretty glorious day. plenty of sunshine, but it was cold. windy as well, particularly down the east coast. plenty of showers here, too. some of these will continue through the course of the night, again some of them on the heavy side, but become more confined to the north sea coast of england and elsewhere, turning much drier, and a much colder night to come than the previous night. a widespread frost developing in some rural places. you can see the blue colours there. but something a little less cold pushing into the north—west of the uk by the end of the night, as a weather system pushes in here, bringing increasing cloud and outbreaks of rain. so we start monday morning, then, on a cold and frosty note. lots of sunshine though. you can sill see the blue hue there, so some places around freezing or below at around 8 o'clock in the morning. we'll continue to still see scattered showers and blustery conditions across eastern coast areas, particularly from lincolnshire down
in towards east anglia. the odd heavier one too. for much of northern ireland, for much of northern england and scotland, also a cold start. but we'll see increasing wind and cloud across western scotland, with outbreaks of rain pushing into the western isles initally. and this weather system will continue to move eastwards through the course of the day, bringing some rain and hill snow. we could even see some snow down to lower levels, across central and eastern parts of scotland for a time, before it all turns back to rain as the milder air moves in. for northern ireland, it will be turning cloudier, with outbreaks of rain. elsewhere, a fine day but the sunshine gradually turning hazier, and it's going to be another cold one. and then, through monday night, this weather system continues to advance eastwards, bringing stronger winds, outbreaks of rain to much of the country, but also milder air. we'll lose the cold air as that weather system moves in. you can see we're all into the yellow and orange colours. most of the country, i say, because the far north of scotland continues to wax and wane in that cooler air stream. so, for tuesday, it's a cloudier day. there will be outbreaks of rain, particularly across western hills, a bit of mist and murk.
look at those double—figure values for most — 10—12 degrees. wednesday and thursday, also rather cloudy. probably the best of the sunshine across northern parts of the uk. thursday actually looking like probably being the mildest day across the whole of the uk. so it's quite a mixture this week. we're starting off on a cold and frosty start, with some sunshine. it turns milder and cloudy for a time, with outbreaks of rain, and then signs of it turning colder by the end of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines: reports from iran say a strong earthquake has killed at least 120, —— 140 and injured many others, in the west of the country. the epicentre of the earthquake was just across the border in iraq, close to the kurdish city of halabja. us president donald trump is attending the annual asean summit in the philippines. mr trump is due to hold talks with the country's controversial leader, rodrigo duterte. he has admitted personally killing people as part of a campaign to eradicate drugs that has
left thousands dead. the prime minister of lebanon has said he will return home within days to formally submit his resignation. saad hariri announced he was quitting earlier this month. speaking publicly for the first time, he said his aim was to give his country a positive shock. now on bbc news, it's time for hardtalk.