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tv   Newsday  BBC News  November 14, 2017 12:00am-12:30am GMT

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i'm babita sharma in london. the headlines: the escape of islamic state — the bbc uncovers a secret deal that let thousands of is fighters leave the city of raqqa. the deal to get out of pe is the deal that no one wants to talk about -it deal that no one wants to talk about —itis deal that no one wants to talk about — it is raqqa ‘s dirty secret. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. also in the programme: could asian leaders finally be making progress on the disputed south china sea 7 we'll have the latest from their summit in manila. and when news anchors go crazy — we talk to breaking bad star bryan cranston about his 1970s television satire. live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. welcome and thanks forjoining us.
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it's midnight here in london, 8am in singapore, and 2am in raqqa, syria, where the bbc has uncovered details of a secret deal that followed the defeat of islamic state in the city. the agreement allowed hundreds of islamic state fighters and their families to escape, including notorious criminals. the big question now is where are they, and what sort of a threat to they pose? our middle east correspondent quentin sommerville has this exclusive report from raqqa. even at peace, with the so—called islamic state gone, raqqa is still deadly dangerous. few of its roads have been cleared. the fighting stopped here a month ago, but there are still mines and booby traps everywhere. most of the city is a no—go zone. hardly anyone has been allowed to return.
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but we made it inside, searching for a trail through the debris, looking for clues to the islamic state's escape route. the city hospital was their last refuge, and it's here where ourjourney begins. the group's final defeat came thanks not to a battle, but to a bus ride. the convoy left from here, the city hospital. they'd been holed up inside for months. on it were is fighters, their families and their hostages, but we're told their mood wasn't dejected, they weren't defeated. they were defiant. it was here that they realised that they might live to fight another day.
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the deal to get them out of here is the deal that no one wants to talk about. it's raqqa's dirty secret. so did kurds, arabs and the western coalition get together and agree a deal that not only allowed is to escape from raqqa, but also allowed its fiercest fighters to roam far and wide from the confines of this city? they left the city lonely, empty and in ruins. the hunt begins here in raqqa, but would take us across northern syria and beyond. the deal started with a media blackout. the islamic state's escape was not to be televised. but, thanks to amateur footage, we see this was a convoy and a deal too large to hide. the world was told only a few dozen local fighters were being let go. no foreigners and not weapons. but the trucks were crammed full of fighters, some wearing suicide belts. all were heavily armed. after days of searching, we picked up the trail at a truck
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stop on the outskirts of tabqa. here we discovered the drivers, all civilians, who drove is to freedom. they'd been hired by the kurdish—led syrian democratic forces. it was the longest journey of their lives. their trucks were rigged with is bombs, in case the deal collapsed. they'd been told they were picking up only a few hundred civilians, that it would be a quickjob. they ended up driving day and night for three days. everybody‘s been saying only a couple of hundred, at the absolute maximum, is fighters left raqqa. you took them out, tell us how many you transported. translation: we were 47 trucks and 13 buses, and is militants took their own vehicles, as well. our convoy was 6—7 kilometres long. we took out around 4000 people, including women and children. tell me about the foreigners that were on the trucks,
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where were they from? translation: france, turkey, azerbaijan, pakistan, yemen, saudi, china, tunisia, egypt. there was a huge number of foreigners. this couldn't look like the islamic state's escape to victory, so the sdf insisted there would be no flags and no banners. instead, is fighters sat boldly on top of the trucks. the axle on one lorry broke, it was so overloaded with is weaponry. some of those who escaped have already made it here to turkey. raqqa was their capital, but it was also a cage. there they were trapped. the deal brought peace to the city, but it also allowed some of the most battle—hardened is fighters to escape notjust raqqa, but also syria, and arrive here on europe's doorstep. the winds have carried news
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of the islamic state's defeat, but they bring with them a warning and a threat — the caliphate is gone, but the islamic state is still out there. quentin sommerville, bbc news, istanbul. reaction to that news in a moment. nafiangafi-ggsiegajszméams — . . ~ — to begin developing a code of conduct for the disputed south china sea. china, vietnam, the philippines, taiwan, malaysia and brunei all have competing claims to the territory. joining us from manila is the bbc‘s howard johnson. now, howard, was crucial is of course we know it is donald trump's last day in asia as he wraps up essentially the longest trip by a us president now for decades. so what's expected on the agenda today? good
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morning. yes, this is the end of this marathon five country tour for donald trump. today he will attend the showpiece of the asean summit, the showpiece of the asean summit, the east asia summit. this is where regional leaders and dialogue partners get together to discuss security issues in this region. they will be talking about issues such as so—called islamic state in southeast asia, they will be talking about the threat of north korea missile strikes. but the most important one todayis strikes. but the most important one today is the south china sea debate. now, normally with these summits, in the last few they have been trying to get together a code of conduct about the south china sea. this disputed waterway where trillions of dollars worth of trade flows through every year. now china lays claim to 80% of that territorial and in the past countries like vietnam and the philippines have pushed hard to try to reassert their own territorial control of the waters off their
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land. now what we are seeing now is president duterte in the last year oi’ president duterte in the last year or $0 president duterte in the last year or so has really tried to curry favour with china to try and get some sort of return as far as investment in infrastructure. and what we have seen in return is that he has softened his stance on the south china sea debate. he says that he doesn't see china as a threat and his foreign minister said he would like a gentleman is a agreement, a non—binding code of conduct. so it would be interesting to see what will come out of the meeting today. we will watch this very closely, as are you, howard, in manila. also this hour: a vast relief effort is continuing after a powerful earthquake struck in the mountainous border region between iran and iraq. the 7.3 magnitude quake was the deadliest in the world this year. at least a50 people were killed and at least 7,000 are injured. our correspondent rami ruhayem reports from darbandikhan in iraq. this area is one of the hardest hit
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in iraq by sunday's earthquake. we are told seven people were inside this home when it collapsed. two of them were killed and others were injured. several other buildings suffered similar damage to this one. fortu nately, suffered similar damage to this one. fortunately, they seem to be the exception rather than the rule. and most of the other homes in the region managed to withstand the impact of the earthquake. myanmar‘s military has tried to absolve itself of any wrongdoing against the country's muslim rohingya population. 600,000 rohingyas have fled to neighbouring bangladesh with many stories of abuse carried out by the army. but the military‘s own investigation concludes that no soldier has shot an innocent civilian or engaged in sexual violence. britain's chief brexit negotiator, david davis, has promised that parliament will get a binding vote on the terms of any settlement with the european union but not on brexit itself. he told parliament that if mps rejected the settlement, britain would leave with no deal.
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one pro—eu mp said the apparent concession looked like a sham. now, injust the past hour, we have the world number one in tennis, rafael nadal, who you can see on screen, he has announced he is pulling out of the atp tour finals because of a knee injury. he has been struggling with the injury at the hands of david goffin. he pulled out of the paris masters earlier this month and appeared to be in pain at the end of his opening match at the 02 and arena pain at the end of his opening match at the o2 and arena in london. and to continue with sport: a real shocker here if you're italian, or a football fan of any kind. italy, shown here in training, has failed to qualify for the world cup. that's the first time that's happened since 1958. they could only manage a draw against sweden, who will make the tournament in russia. global carbon dioxide emissions are
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projected to rise for the first time infour projected to rise for the first time in four years. scientists at a un climate conference in germany say the main cause of the growth is the greater use of coal in china as its economy grows. researchers say cuts in emissions are needed to avoid dangerous global warming later this century. our science editor david shukman explains. for more than a week now, the people of delhi have been suffering in air that has become toxic. smog created by countless engines burning fossil fuels, including coal. coal is one of the biggest sources of pollution worldwide. power stations such as this one in poland belch out gases including carbon dioxide, and despite promises to clean up, emissions are actually increasing. for countries in the path of devastating hurricanes, like the ones that struck the caribbean earlier this year, this is depressing. because global warming may bring more extreme weather. and it seems to them that little is being done to stop it.
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this is very worrying for us. i would hate to say that it sounds a death knell, but it translates into that, given this summer we have had such an active hurricane season. we know what irma and maria did to the region. this new research finds that more and more carbon dioxide is being released from power stations, factories and different forms of transport. and this matters because the gas traps heat in the atmosphere. this graph shows how emissions of carbon dioxide have risen over almost three decades. in the last few years, they have been levelling off, which was seen as a positive sign. but this year, there has suddenly been an increase of 2%. so what is happening and who is to blame around the world ? in america, emissions of carbon dioxide have fallen slightly and that is despite president trump wanting to leave the paris agreement.
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in europe, they are on course to be down as well. but in china they are up, as the economy picks up and more coal is burned. climate scientists say it is vital that less coal is used if we are to have any chance of heading off the worst of global warming. but president trump is promoting the coal industry and he wants america to help other countries to use it. there are countries that have said that coal is going to be part of our energy mix for the foreseeable future, many in asia and some in africa as well. and they have been clear that because coal is going to be part of their energy mix in the future, they want support for cleaner coal technology. there is now a battle over a fuel that many economies rely on. there are plans to make coal cleaner, to use it without releasing carbon dioxide. but this is not much of a reality so far and, in the meantime, there are warnings that emissions need to fall rapidly, not rise, as they are now. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: breaking bad star bryan cranston
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on how there could be a way back for harvey weinstein and kevin spacey in hollywood. also on the programme: without a passport, without an identity, —— as president trump comes towards the end of his trip through asia, what has his influence being throughout the region? we will find out. berliners from both east and west linked hands and danced round their liberated territory. and, with nobody to stop them, it wasn't long before the first attempts were made to destroy the structure itself. it's keeping the candidate's name always in the public eye that counts. success or failure depends not only on public display but on the local campaign headquarters and the heavy routine work of their women volunteers. yasser arafat, who dominated the palestinian cause for so long, has died. the palestinian authority has declared a state of mourning for the leader who symbolised his people's hopes for independent statehood.
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in the wake of the colombian volcano disaster, rescue teams are trying to reach thousands of survivors who managed to clamber onto rooftops and trees above the sea of mud. after 17 years of discussion, the result was greeted with an outburst ofjoy. women ministers who'd long felt only grudgingly accepted amongst the ranks of clergy suddenly felt welcomed. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm babita sharma in singapore. i'm sharanjit leyl in london. our top stories: a bbc investigation has revealed a deal to allow so—called is fighters to escape the syrian city of raqqa. could asian leaders finally be making progress on the disputed south china sea ? a code of conduct is being discussed at the asean summit in the philippines. the tale of the north korean
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defector who made it across the demilitarised zone to the south is still popular on he is being treated for gunshot wounds, after being fired at by north korean guards as he crossed the border. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. the japan times leads on the asean summit, making the point donald trump prioritised trade deals over human rights, after he declined to comment on the philippine drug war which has killed thousands of people. the main photo shows the us president linking arms with rodrigo duterte during the opening ceremony. meanwhile, the state—run newspaper the china daily has more on beijing beginning talks with members of asean on a code of conduct in the south china sea. the paper claims beijing aims to peacefully resolving the issue. china claims almost all of the south china sea. the south china morning post reports pro—independence groups across hong kong are reviving a drive to promote the city's separation from mainland china.
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student leaders have vowed more activism, after an earlier campaign fizzled out. now, babita, what stories are sparking discussions online? song and protest, sharanjit. have a look at this. # and we are here to stay... protesters interrupted a pro—fossil fuel presentation by white house advisers in the german city of bonn by breaking into song. the us officials were promoting wider use of fossil fuel at an event on the sidelines of a un climate conference. let's get more now on president trump's tour across asia, now entering its final day. it is the longest tour a us president has undertaken in the region for 25 years.
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he visited five nations, with talks focusing on the north korea nuclear threat and improving trade. so how successful was his visit? with me is eufracia taylor, asia analyst at global risk consultancy verisk maplecroft. of course, we have been talking about it and it has been all focused on this trip by president trump, the longest trip, as we have been saying, longest trip, as we have been by longest trip, as we have been saying, by a longest trip, as we have been saying, bya us longest trip, as we have been saying, by a us president for decades now. would you assess it as a su ccess decades now. would you assess it as a success or decades now. would you assess it as a success or failure? it was definitely an important gesture for asian leaders, and the right step for the us to take to prove that it considers itself an active participant in the region. for the trump administration was probably considered a success. it was a great opportunity to rally the region behind the us courts on north korea and promote its america first strategy, which trump has stuck to since day one in the white house. from the asian perspective the gains are likely to be more superficial. while i'm sure it was very much
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appreciated that they were able to benefit from such a considerable amount of time, and face time, with the us president, there is still a lack of certainty over the us commitment to the region. interestingly, you talk about america first but there has been a lot of criticism that it has really been a pragmatic, somewhat transactional approach to foreign policy, that president trump is here but is not imparting these american values, human rights, et cetera, particularly with duterte, the fact is he did not take his philippine counterpart to task over the war on drugs. is that a fair assessment?” think this i think it is a meeting of minds between the two leaders. they both consider themselves pragmatists at heart. trouble was there to rally a region behind the us agenda, particularly north korea, and duterte was there too in many ways indicate that he could enjoy a close relationship with the us without necessarily having to rely on what you might call traditional us principles and policies. i think,
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forfrom us principles and policies. i think, for from the trump administration's point of view, it particularly served its purpose. and certainly today at asean, in manila, the focus is going to be on the south china sea, they are trying to build a code of conduct. but what do you see there in terms of progress? you we know that china claims all of the south china sea and there are lots of disputes on this. it is obviously positive framework to bring all the parties to the table and discuss things ina parties to the table and discuss things in a more cooperative manner and while that might alleviate tensions in the short term, in bringing people together and ideally making it a less contentious issue, over the long—term it has little way to bring real improvements to the situation. for one part, it is not legally binding, and in particular places limited restraints on the biggest actor in the dispute, which is china, and there is little scope really for it to reverse or actually limit the engagement of players who choose to be more assertive in the south china sea. thank you for joining us and talking about trump,
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and the foreign policy in asia. now, it is a pretty cut—throat world here in television news. but, in the america of the 1970s, the competition for ratings was even more intense. a new play has opened here in london that satirises the era. its star, bryan cranston, from the cult television series breaking bad, has been speaking to our arts editor will gompertz about his concerns of the impact social media has on news and the current climate in hollywood. a very interesting perspective. because i've never sat out here, looking that way. it's quite an impressive set, though, isn't it? you were an overnight success, you could argue. i was. at 50-ish. although they may look the same... bryan cra nston became an international superstar in the hit tv show breaking bad, playing walter white, a chemistry teacher who becomes a drug—dealing criminal.
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breaking bad was a phenomenal experience for me. it changed my life completely. and here he is, in another life—changing role. i'm as mad as hell, and i'm not going to take it anymore! in the national theatre's stage adaptation of the 1970s film network, in which his character, howard beale, loses it on air and becomes a ratings sensation. in the ‘70s, it was clearly a satire. network in 2017 is no longer a satire. it is — it is profound, and it is what we're living in. this inundation of information — that our children can access not only horrific acts of real violence on their cellphone, but pornography, and anything and everything is accessible now. it's not good for society. about a fifth of the world's
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population is without a legal identity. they are stateless, cut off from access to basic services and rights without evidence to their existence, and without that, many are existence, and without that, many a re left existence, and without that, many are left vulnerable to human trafficking, sexual slavery and child abuse. one organisation is seeking to change that through the use of blockchain technology, as used by the crypto currency manila. modern technology allows users to send messages and information from a to b, but when it comes to money and other official documents people have to trust a third party to complete the information flow. blockchain stores information in an open, decentralised database.
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when money and data go through a transaction, the authenticity of the record can be verified by an entire community. it is like having an editable document open by two people, as opposed to one person having to send it to the other and then wait for a reply. it is hoped that this technology will allow people, refugees, and immigrants to always have a persistent and secure identity. humanized internet will use blockchain. it is about restoring humanity to the internet. there are 10 million people who are stateless, and rohingyas r. n. 10 million people who are stateless, and rohingyas r.n. that strategy. the whole notion is, when i came up iti the whole notion is, when i came up it i had to produce a passport, and ifi it i had to produce a passport, and if i did not have that passport or an identity, i don't have anything, even though you have your own sense of identity. so how do you prove prove na nce of identity. so how do you prove provenance of your birth, how do you
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provenance of your birth, how do you prove prove na nce provenance of your birth, how do you prove provenance of your education? how do you prove provenance of your medical certificates, and so on. so this is the promise, if you will, of the humanized internet. you mentioned the promise, you are using blockchain, more commonly used for bitcoin, for instance, which has been blamed by critics for funding everything like states like north korea to criminal activity. so how are you using blockchain for social good? it is the underpinning technology of bitcoin, that is correct. however, when you think of all of the identity that is, the identity thefts have occurred because of centralised databases that have been held. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. hi there. yesterday was a pretty chilly day, with temperatures between five and seven celsius. it was even called in after a bit of snow in scotland, and there are many
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of us go nuts for snow, but these scenes are likely to be short lived, because the air is going to be turning a little bit milder today. the cold weather we had yesterday was due to these northerly winds moving down across the uk. but we've had a change of wind direction over the last 12 hours or so, dragging in much milder conditions. a weak weather front lying across central portions of the uk will thicken the cloud up to bring us some spots of light rain or drizzle. but still, for most of us, it is a cloudier, milder kind of day. now, first thing in the morning, these are the kind of temperatures you will be contending with as you head out the door. typically around six to 10 degrees. a little bit colder than that around rural parts of england, and perhaps cold enough for a touch of frost and shot in parts of northern scotland first thing but the most of us are mild start to the day. it is mild because it is cloudy, so cloudy skies, to binmen and wales. notice that cloud thick enough to give us some rennard critically across wales but also some dampness at times getting across the midlands and into east anglia. north—east england,
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particularly over the pennines, also particularly over the pennines, also particularly great. a lot of cloud thirsting for northern ireland at 10 degrees in belfast, mild conditions here. the best of the early morning sunshine will be across much of scotla nd sunshine will be across much of scotland although there will be a lot of showers in the far north. through the rest of the day, slow changes overall. it will brighten up, though, for north—east england. the best of the sunshine continues to be in scotland. otherwise, a lot of cloud for northern ireland, england and wales, continuing to be thick enough occasional patches of rain, not really amounting to too much. temperatures a couple of degrees up on yesterday, still a little on the cool side to the north and east of scotland. now, the tuesday night, every season cloud breaks, you may well see things turning rather foggy. breaks, you may well see things turning ratherfoggy. otherwise it stays cloudy for england and wales, and that cloud will help keep temperatures up. eight to ii degrees, the colder conditions scotla nd degrees, the colder conditions scotland again, with a frost, and probably coming a little bit sharper, as well. bear in mind, though, for wednesday, some of us may well start with some dense patches of fog. the thickness of the fault will depend on the length of
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those overnight cloud breaks, but evenif those overnight cloud breaks, but even if it doesn't start of foggy where you are across england and wales, it will be grey fog or cloud being the order of the day. further west, after a bright start in scotland, we will see a band of rain moving into western areas. still quite cool the north—eastern parts of scotland, but otherwise temperatures about where they should be, really, this time of year on thursday, we keep cloudy conditions for the much of the country. a band of ra i nsford for the much of the country. a band of rainsford southwards, cooler, fresher conditions for the north—west. the latest weather. goodbye for now. —— that is your latest weather. you are watching bbc world news. i am babita sharma. our top story: the bbc uncovers details of a secret deal that let hundreds of is fighters escape from raqqa when it fell to us—backed forces last month. hundreds of so—called islamic state fighters and their families escaped in exchange for hostages. some of those who left included is's most notorious criminals. president trump wraps up his foreign tour in the philippines, boasting of his great relationship with rodrigo duterte and leaving open how much human
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rights were discussed. and this video is trending on the moment these children got a lucky escape in norway. a lorry head straight for them, but thankfully the quick—witted driver braked just in time. nobody was hurt. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news, it's time for hardtalk.
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