this is bbc news. i'm reeta chakrabarti. the headlines at 11:00: inside yemen — a special report as the un warns that the humanitarian crisis there is worsening. mps scrutinise the government's controversial legislation designed to take britain out of the european union. this is the scene, live in the commons. a firearms dealer is found guilty of supplying illegal handguns and bullets linked to more than 100 crimes, including three murders. something strange is going on in zimbabwe — the apparent struggle to succeed the oldest head of state, president mugabe. for a moment it seemed like a coup was on the way today. we are trying to work out what is going on. good evening and
welcome to bbc news. the united nations is warning that the humanitarian crisis in yemen is worsening, and that unless aid is allowed in millions more lives will be at risk. the crisis began in 2015 when houthi rebels backed by iran, ousted the president and took control of parts of the country. a coalition led by saudi arabia then began a campaign of airstrikes to try to restore the government. two years on, extreme hunger and disease are killing an estimated 130 children every day. the conflict has left 80% of the country in need of humanitarian aid. seven million people are fully reliant on food aid much of which is now not able to get through because of a blockade. from yemen, my colleague clive myrie sent this extended report. this is a story about war and its humiliations.
the stripping of dignity. but it's also about the desert trek to safety. it's a story of survival. there's panic at a school in the yemeni capital, sana'a. a city under houthi rebel control. frenzied shouting. a saudi—coalition air strike targeting a nearby building has blown out the school's windows. in this conflict, death can come from the air at any time — for kids, as well as soldiers. what began as a civil war has become a proxy struggle between saudi arabia, backing yemen's government, and iran, alleged to be backing the rebels. the houthis claim this is a bomb from the attack that didn't explode. several countries, including the uk
and america, have sold billions of pounds‘ worth of weapons to saudi arabia during this war. apart from arms dealers, this conflict has no winners, and civilians are the biggest losers. imagine what those displaced by the war are running from, if this is what they're running to. dusty, makeshift desert settlements across yemen, home to three million people and counting. but it's a pitiful existence in a place like this, in the middle of a pitiless war. only the most basic shelter protects from the unrelenting sun and the sand of the desert. yemen, already the arab world's poorest nation, is now on its knees. an estimated seven million people are facing starvation.
this is a man—made calamity that shames the world. the war here has created so much misery, with lives disrupted and destroyed. and the recent escalation of the conflict means that many more people will be relying on the kindness of strangers, just to survive. this woman and little ayeeshia, who is seven months old, fled their home the night the bombs fell. translation: it was like thunder and lightning in the sky. we were scared and took our children, but left everything else behind. we don't have food. 0ur men don't have jobs. they go to market looking for work, but when they come back with nothing, the children cry. aden is one of the ports at the end of an aid pipeline that helps sustain more than 21 million people here. that's three quarters of the population.
but it's a precarious humanitarian operation. saudi arabia controls yemen's borders. a blockade has already seriously affected aid flowing into ports in rebel—held areas in the north. and the harbour at aden, here in the south, can be shut down at a moment's notice. saudi arabia says sealing this country's borders will cut the flow of weapons to rebel forces, but aid shipments can be searched and verified, so why prevent all goods coming into yemen? well, using aid as a weapon of war is nothing new in this conflict. the houthi rebels have themselves been accused of blocking aid convoys, so despite warehouses full of food, millions are at risk of starvation. aid workers acknowledge this is a dirty war, where both sides have questions to answer. they have their own tactics — to use the aid we are bringing in to the people, either to prevent it from people or give it
to the people that they favour. for sure, that is how they use the aid. and if we cannot reach people to give them this food, then definitely, they will die. civilians in this war are forgotten people, pawns in a great game, victims of a conflict that they didn't create. they've done nothing wrong, their only crime was being born here. clive myrie, bbc news, in southern yemen. some decent to bring you from australia where there has been a vote over legalising same—sex marriage. —— some news. more than
three quarters of eligible voters have responded and they showed that 61% of voters support the move to legalise same—sex marriage. the government has promised to enact legislation allowing same—sex marriage by the end of the year and that has been comprehensively supported by this whole of voters. people of australia voting in favour of legalising same—sex marriage. a dealer in antique firearms has been found guilty of supplying guns and ammunition that have been linked to more than a hundred crime scenes including three murders. a jury at birmingham crown also convicted paul edmunds, who's 66 and from gloucestershire, of smuggling banned handguns from the us and perverting the course of justice as our correspondent sima kotecha reports. paul edmunds — a former antiques dealer, an expert in guns, enabling him to make bullets from his house in gloucestershire. inside, police discovered 100,000 rounds of ammunition in three
separate armouries, along with almost 200 guns. bullets were found scattered around his bedroom and attic. today, following a six—week trial, edmunds was found guilty of supplying guns and home—made ammunition to gangs across the country. the 66 year old made bullets for firearms that were classified as antiques and then sold them for a hefty profit. he supplied them to his accomplice, 56—year—old physiotherapist mohinder surdhar, who admitted selling them on to gangs. 0fficers said the two men were the gun world's equivalent of the main characters from the tv show breaking bad. these weapons and ammunition have appeared at over a hundred crime scenes in the uk between 2009 and 2015. this involved murders and other serious crime. he abused his position and he abused his knowledge of ammunition and firearms. undoubtedly, this operation —
which began in 2014 — has saved many lives, as we have been able to stop what was a major supply route of these firearms and ammunitions onto the streets. the pensioner‘s bullets were found at the scenes of fatal shootings, including the murder of kenichi phillips, in birmingham last year. his ammunition was also used to shoot at a police helicopter in the 2011 riots. ballistic experts were lead to edmunds after discovering ammunition with similar markings. when the ammunition is constructed, certain tools are used and these tools impart markings onto the modified rounds, and we start to notice there's a pattern of tool marks here. so when we look at lots of different criminal incidents, we see the same pattern of tool marks again and again, and you can start to link those together forensically, using the microscope. this building contains thousands of firearms that have been seized by police from across the country. this gun was imported by edmunds from america. now that he's been convicted,
it too will be stored here. at the national ballistics intelligence service, they're firing one of the antique revolvers, with the bullets made by edmunds. the gun dealer will be sentenced next month. sima kotecha. bbc news, birmingham. the house of commons has started to take a detailed look at the legislation designed to take britain out of the european union. the eu withdrawal bill will end the primacy of european law but mps have tabled some 500 amendments, including one which opposes setting a date in law for britain's departure. this report — from our deputy political editorjohn pienaar — contains flash photography. brexit‘s still a work in progress. it's about westminster taking back control, but the planning and scheming is now intense and, tonight, it's clear big questions of how — even when — britain finally leaves are upforgrabs.
reporter: do you think this is a meaningless vote? brexiteers like liam fox and borisjohnson are now told the brexit deadline of march 2019 will be met by law, but the brexit secretary would love to know if the way is clear to leave on schedule. and tonight, there's still no knowing. european withdrawal bill. in the commons, they've started weeks of line—by—line debate on the law to leave. tory and labour mps saying a hard brexit deadline could cut negotiations short, even force britain to leave without a deal. everybody‘s got more and more brittle. more and more unwilling to listen. more and more persuaded that every suggestion that's being made is in some way a form of treason. does he understand how impossible it is for me to explain to my constituents that they can have certainty about nothing about brexit as the government plans
it — except, according to him, the date when it will happen? the labour leadership doesn't want to appear to obstruct brexit, we all know we're leaving, they say, so why the deadline? if negotiations go to the wire, both we and the eu—27 might recognise the need for an extra week, an extra day, an extra hour, even an extra minute. so the battle lines are drawn, brexiteers keen for victory. millions of people who died in both world wars died for a reason, it was to do with sustaining the freedom and democracy of this house. and brexiteer ministers pledging brexit with a good deal if possible, but no deal if they must. we are going to go through the process of making sure, as a responsible government, that our country is ready to leave the european union without a deal, if that proves necessary. the tory‘s veteran pro—european let rip. i am the rebel. yes. i aspouse the policies that the conservative party has followed for the 50 years of my membership of it. and brexit sceptics loved it.
cheering. the ayes to the right, 318. the noes to the left, 68. they've been voting tonight and they'll go on voting, night after night between now and christmas. 0n the role of eu judges, on a period of transition after brexit begins, on other issues too, but it's the trial of strength over theresa may's brexit deadline that has mps guessing who'll come out on top. in coming weeks, she may yet see off the challenges to her brexit deadline closer to home. she'd better, her authority is at stake. john pienaar, bbc news, westminster. despite widespread expectation that the rate would rise, the cost of food rose sharply but offset high price of petrol and furniture. two
people arrested on suspicion of murdering a teenager missing for a week have been released under investigation. the 19—year—old was staying here when she disappeared. a 71—year—old woman and a 19—year—old man were arrested on monday. that is a summary man were arrested on monday. that is a summary of the news, now on bbc news, it's time for newsnight. could you have spotted that these tweets were sent by one mischiefmaking account from russia? no? that is the problem. deliberately designed for trouble,
it's of them —— it's apparently polluting public discourse here and in the us. russia has perfected the art of driving wedges into the existing crops of political systems of their adverse trees. and they perfected these are already in the 19605 perfected these are already in the 1960s and 70s. can we stop it or are we per of this —— stuck with kremlin trolls? also tonight... is already passed about —— we have already passed about —— we have already passed about —— we have already passed about ten tanks and it seems like more and more are heading towards harare. military vehicles heading towards the zimbabwe capital. it looked like the army was about to build our president robert mugabe. what is going on? here in harare, the military have threatened intervention in the