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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 15, 2017 8:00pm-9:01pm GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm christian fraser. the headlines at 8pm... zimba bwe‘s army take control of the country, with the president under house arrest — but the generals claim it's not a coup. we wish to make it abundantly clear that this is not a military takeover of government. 93—year—old robert mugabe, the country's leader since 1980, is understood to be held in confinement at home. scotland is to become the first country in the world to set a minimum price for alcohol, foillowing a ruling by the supreme court. the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the british womanjailed in iran, has finally met the foreign secretary borisjohnson. also coming up... the uncertainty is over for cycling ace sir bradley wiggins. the cycling ace will not face charges after an investigation into the contents of a package delivered to him in 2011. and what's wrong with a little treat from granny and grandad? new research shows they mean well,
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but could be harming the kids‘ health. good evening and welcome to bbc news. zimbabwe plasma military leaders are doing their utmost to make to persuade the world that their ta keover persuade the world that their takeover from robert mugabe persuade the world that their takeoverfrom robert mugabe is not a clue. robert mugabe, the man who has ruled zimbabwe since its independence in 1980, is under house arrest tonight. it follows an intervention by the country's army. there are military vehicles on the streets of the capital and the state broadcaster has been taken over. the army says this is not a coup but an attempt to deal with what were described as criminals around the ageing president. that's widely seen as a reference to mr mugabe's much younger and controversial wife — she's made no secret of wanting to take power. here's our zimbabwe correspndent, shingai nyoka.
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this is what zimbabweans woke up to this morning, tanks on the streets of their capital city. something that has never happened in nearly a0 years of independence. so, what's changed? the answer came early this morning with a statement from the military on state tv saying that the mugabe family were safe and that this was not a coup. what the zimbabwe defence forces is doing is to pacify a degenerating political, social and economic situation in our country. which, if not addressed, may result in violent conflict. 0vernight, president mugabe, the world's oldest leader, lost control of the country he has led for 37 years. the generals say he remains president but clearly he is no longer calling the shots. the presence of the military is being felt here on the streets of harare and some parts of the city are in lockdown. this is as close as we can get
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to some of the military tanks that have stationed themselves at strategic positions. 0ne, as you can see, blocking access to the president's office and another has blocked access to parliament. the president still has his supporters, especially in rural areas but here in harare, it's a different story. translation: we're going to have a good life now, we're looking forward to christmas because of what's happened. we want to thank those who organised this and we want them to remain until our problems are resolved. translation: i want to thank the general for removing this tyrant. he was ruling the country as if it belonged to his family. much will depend on how zimba bwe‘s neighbours react, especially south africa. its presidentjacob zuma spoke to mr mugabe earlier and he will now send south africa's defence minister to zimbabwe to assess the situation first—hand. i am hoping that the defence force
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will not move and do more damage, that they will be able to respect the constitution of zimbabwe as well as the people of zimbabwe. but in the end, this was all about a power struggle within zimbabwe's ruling party. last week, this man on the left, emmerson mnangagwa, was sacked as vice president. like mugabe he was a veteran of the country's struggle for independence but in recent years he's found himself up against this woman, grace mugabe, robert mugabe's young, ambitious and some would say ruthless wife, a one—time typist and now one of the most powerful political figures in the country. she had wanted to take over as vice president. a divisive figure. listen to the reception. booing. these were boos, not cheers. i don't care.
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and tonight, a warning from the british foreign office to british nationals in the city. stay at home, stay in your hotel room, wait until things settle down a bit. zimbabweans now wonder what lies ahead. change is clearly afoot but whether it's what zimbabweans have been yearning for is far from clear. robert mugabe is the last in a generation of african politicians who fought for freedom from the old colonial powers — in this case britain. that role assures him a place in the country's history. but the one—time liberation hero will also be remembered for taking a country that was once the bread—basket of the region and turning it into a place where millions live in poverty and millions more have sought refuge abroad. here's our africa editor fergal keane. robert mugabe is a leader who has outlived his epoque. from icon of the struggle against racist rule to a symbol of excess and repression, he has fallen hard and inflicted untold damage on his country in the process.
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there was a deceptive calm in salisbury, capital of rhodesia, on the day of udi, the declaration of independence. it was this world of white priviledge and black exclusion he and other revolutionary leaders fought to overthrow. robert mugabe went to jail for ten years, and later fled tojoin his guerrillas in the bush. a revolutionary war led to thousands of casualties, but when apartheid south africa withdrew support from the regime in rhodesia, it was forced into negotiations. whether they accept it or not is immaterial to us, really. they have to accept it, inasmuch as they must accept political domination. under the stewardship of the old british colonial power, there were elections which robert mugabe won, promising forgiveness and tolerance. and bear true allegiance to zimbabwe. but in power, a ruthless nature
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swiftly asserted itself. my government will never rest until those within that party who are responsible for organising this are crushed, and crushed fully. in one matabeleland province, he used the army to crush supporters of a rival guerrilla army. it was a pitiless campaign of massacre, as i discovered when i went to investigate the atrocities. this is a country in a state of fear. everywhere you go there are militia and police roadblocks and of course the spies whom you can't see. the west stayed silent then, believing that robert mugabe was good for stability and had kept his promise to allow white farmers to keep their lands and lifestyle. but as opposition to his rule grew amid economic downturn, he turned on the white farmers, harnessing anger over long—festering
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grievances among the landless poor and veterans of the guerrilla war. his political opponents were terrorised too. none of this troubled the army or the man tipped to succeed mugabe, emmerson mnangagwa, another veteran of the liberation war, and has been implicated in past massacres and corruption. what forced him and his military allies into action was the inexorable rise of grace mugabe. her ostentatious spending shocked even some of the corrupt elite around the president. but it was her political plotting which finally forced the old revolutionaries of the army and the ruling party into action. it is massive change, in the sense that the head of zanu—pf since the mid—1970s is literally out of power. there is among an older generation of africans some residual affection
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for a man once seen as an icon of liberation, but his old regional allies are gone, and many in his own country will beglad to see the end of the age of mugabe. you will understand that people are anxious about their safety in harare. we will stick to a lady who lives there and we will not give her real name, you will understand the sensitivity. —— we will speak to a lady. what has been different in harare, tell me about your day? hi. i woke harare, tell me about your day? hi. iwoke up harare, tell me about your day? hi. i woke up at around 4am because my friend had sent me a whatsapp message to find out if i was fine. and so i turned on the tv and saw
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the statement that the army was making. so we watch tv from that time until around breakfast time, and we were not really sure what was going on. in the end, because they said everything was fine, we went into town. and that is that we saw the (inaudible) . everything else seem normal, but then we realise that something was really going on. we spent the day on twitter trying to get a sense of the situation and figure out. so you have had communications with one another. tell me how you personally feel about robert mugabe? we have just watched the history of his life, of course he was a freedom fighterfor his life, of course he was a freedom fighter for many years, but how do people in harare feel about him now?
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it is complicated. it is a mixed legacy, i think. it is complicated. it is a mixed legacy, ithink. because he it is complicated. it is a mixed legacy, i think. because he is a hero, he has done many things, but in the last few years his government doesn't seem to care about us as much as they used to. i think many of us wanted to see a change. it is a mixed legacy, i think. 0k, taf, thank you for your thoughts this evening. i'm joined in the studio by the zimba bwe—born journalist georgina godwin. you get a sense when you listen to people in harare that there is that sense of anxiety? i think there is, but it does not seem to have been particularly violent. i know some
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security guards have been killed, which largely bloodless, which is wonderful. i know the un and various others and british residents have been told to stay hotel rooms, which is sensible, but i personally have a feeling that this will not be directed at civilians, that there will be no massive violence on the streets. what do you think happens next? i think there will be some sort of transitional arrangement. everybody is saying that emerson and gargoyle will be vital to that, but they also think we should look at they also think we should look at the defence minister, he was not involved in this not a coup, i think he will be in the cross hairs as someone who would be acceptable. what is key is whether mugabe goes willingly or not. if he does not thenit willingly or not. if he does not then it becomes a coup, which violates the constitution of the african union, which would mean that
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due to various mutual defence pact they have to get involved. mugabe needs to step down in next couple of days. they are careful not to describe it as a coup but it is interesting how quiet the western powers have been, they are happy to let this unfold ? powers have been, they are happy to let this unfold? i am quite sure they are, this is what everybody has wanted, including zimbabwe and is for a long time. i think this is being billed as a zimbabwean solution to zimbabwe in trouble, there is a whole organisation which exists to promote national harmony and make sure it happens in a very inclusive way. it sends a message to the west that they are not important in this, but we must not forget the east, china is key, it has been bankrolling zimbabwe for a very long time. i think many more funds were pledged, contingent on much was mugabe go. he didn't. this would not have happened unless china approved.
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i read today that the head of the army had been to china in the last week, the chinese say it has not been discussed but they must have had reassurances? and a delegation was sent to the chinese party c0 ng ress was sent to the chinese party congress which just happened, i think zimbabwe were looking at what has happened to corrupt chinese politicians, and there has been an enormous crack about, and i think china was saying we will give you the money but this is what has to happen. —— there has been an enormous crackdown, though. the hope that things are going to change, that things are going to change, that these people will slot into his role, will there be a massive change or will it be more of the same? this is the old guard, emmerson mnangagwa was very much involved in the massacres of the 1980s, they have blood on their hands but if they are prepared to go forward in this inclusive way, if perhaps the movement for democratic change, the main opposition, is involved and they are prepared to open up to new blood and hold democratic elections, i think there is reason for hope.
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thank you very much, zimbabwe and journalist georgina godwin. and we'll find out how this story — and many others — are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:a0pm in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the journalist and broadcaster aasmah mir and the political commentator and former tory adviserjo—anne nadler. the headlines... the army in zimbabwe seizes control of the country, with president robert mugabe thought to be under house arrest. scotla nd arrest. scotland will become the first country in the world to set a minimum price for alcohol following a ruling by the supreme court. the husband of love the scenes at —— nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe has finally met the foreign secretary, borisjohnson. she finally met the foreign secretary, boris johnson. she is finally met the foreign secretary, borisjohnson. she is the british womanjailed in borisjohnson. she is the british woman jailed in iran. let's get some sport with holly. good evening. sir bradley wiggins says his life was "a living hell" during an investigation into allegations of wrongdoing
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at british cycling and team sky. uk anti doping agency has closed its enquiry into a package delivered to him during the 2011 criterium du dauphine. the jiffy bag contained a legal decongestant, according to his team management. uk anti doping say they cannot confirm or refute the claim but that they don't intend to issue any anti doping charges in relation to the package. wiggins has responded on social media saying there are still questions to be answered about the way the investigation was handled. northern ireland manager michael o'neill is a popular man the scottish fa has made an official approach to speak to him about the head coachjob. 0'neill, who guided northern ireland to the euros last year and narrowly missed out on world cup qualification this week, is now the preferred candidate to succeed gordon strachan. in an attempt to keep him in belfast, the irish fa has offered him an improved contract. meanwhile, it's believed 0'neill is also in the frame for the vacant manager's position at sunderland. chelsea ladies are through
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to the quarter finals of the women's champions league after beating rosengard 4—0 on aggregate. chelsea extended their three goal advantage from the first leg throuthhi so yun's second half strike in sweden. peterborough are currently 2—0 up against tranmere rovers, who are down to ten men in the fa cup second—round replay. the winners will travel to woking. it was a night of shock last night, with two non—league sides knocking out league sides. france are the surprise choice to host the rugby world cup in 2023 news that came as a bit of a shock to many. it was south africa who were the favourites after they were recommended by world rugby‘s board. france has staged it twice before in 1991 and 2007. there was disappointment for ireland too who also entered a bid but dropped out in the first round. could go very disappointed, a lot of
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work has gone into this but when you come third of three, you have to ta ke come third of three, you have to take your medicine and congratulate france. i am sure they will do a greatjob in 2023, they have hosted big tournaments before, congratulations to them, i suppose we will go home and lick our wounds. grigor dimitrov thrashed seventh seed david goffin at london's o2 arena to make it through to the last four on his atp finals debut. the bulgarian made it two wins out of two in the pete sampras group with a 6—0, 6—2 victory over the belgian seventh seed. dominic thiem has just got under way against pablo carreno busta in this evening's match. in the doubles, britain has myjamie murray and brazil's bruno soares kept their hopes alive with victory over ivan dodig and marcel granollers. defeat would have ended their chances of reaching the last
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four but they won their second round—robin match 6—1, six 51. they will face lucas cobo and marcelo melo next. the man who coached jadejones to two 0lympic titles has resigned from gb taekwondo. paul green guided jones to success in london 2012 and helped her retain her title in rio four years later. green, who himself competed in the 2004 athens 0lympics, has not worked with jones since disagreeing with her decision to take part in channel 4's thejump programme late last year. that's all the sport for now. i'll have more for you in sportsday at 10:30pm. thank you, holly. the foreign secretary borisjohnson has held his first meeting with the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the british citizen jailed in iran. mrjohnson pledged to leave no stone unturned in trying to free her. mr ratcliffe described the meeting as positive and constructive. our special correspondent lucy manning reports. he has waited 19 months. richard ratcliffe finally on his way to meet the foreign secretary, with his wife still in prison in
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iran. nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, a dual citizen, was accused of trying to overthrow the iranian regime. today her husband said the meeting was positive but there were reservations about giving his wife diplomatic protection and he's still waiting to hear if he can travel to iran with the foreign secretary. he said listen, i'm open to the idea, you know, i would love you to come. but i need to check both with the foreign office officials whether they think it is a good idea and also with iran. how closer do you think you are now to your wife coming home for christmas? well, the foreign secretary did not make any promises. he promised to do his best. and you know, i could not ask for more than that. in terms of how close do i feel, it feels like with all the attention and concern, that can only be a good thing. but the foreign office has always been reserved that more attention makes it more complicated. mrjohnson upset the family two weeks ago, appeared to contradict her claim that she was just
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in iran on holiday. he spoke ahead of the meeting. people here in the foreign office and across government has been working very hard over the last 19 months to secure the release of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe and indeed to solve some other very difficult consular cases in iran. and we are going to continue to do that. and we will leave absolutely no stone unturned. if you ask me if nazanin is still cross with him, yes she is still cross with him. if you ask me if i am cross, i'm not cross. i'm focused onjust bringing her home. and to bring home his three—year—old daughter gabriella who is also still in iran. mr ratcliffe now has the publicity and the political profile, but will it help to ensure the release of his wife? the kind of concessions that the iranians want of the british government cannot be done publicly. it is much better to try and do these things behind the scenes, just as the kind of concessions that they have to give goes
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through a similar sort of stages. but with reports the charity worker's health is deteriorating, her husband hopes there can be a diplomatic solution. lucy manning, bbc news. the interim leader of the scottish labour party, alex rowley, has been suspended as a member of the scottish labour parliamentary group following allegations about his past conduct. mr rowley, here in the middle, referred himself to the party's investigations unit following newspaper allegations that he sent abusive text messages to an ex girlfriend. he denies all the allegations. a british backpacker and her canadian friend have been found dead in a hotel in cambodia. it's thought 22—year—old natalie seymour from bedfordshire and her friend abbey gail amisola became ill after buying counterfeit medicines from a pharmacy in the city of kampot. scotland is set to become the first country in the world to set a national minimum price for alcohol — that's after the supreme court
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rejected a legal challenge from the scotch whisky association. health campaigners say the ruling is a massive victory that will help reduce the harm caused by drink. 0ur health editor hugh pym is in glasgow. in scotland with 22 people dying each week from alcohol problems, minimum pricing has been on the agenda for over five years but only today have the government been able to plan to limit it. although it won't be popular with everybody. it's not going to stop anybody buying it. it is probably quite a good thing. we get a lot of people addicted to alcohol and things like that. i work as a community psychiatric nurse. the changes will mean that the prices of some of the cheapest alcohol in scotland will increase sharply. this four pack of beer costs £1 but it is set to rise to at least £4. this bottle of wine is £2.80 but in future it will be at least £4.69 and this £11 bottle of vodka will be at least £14.
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ministers celebrated saying it was a step forwards in tackling the country's unhealthy relationship with drink. the policy by its very nature is controversial because again this is an example of scotland's leading the world. it will continue to have its critics but it's the kind of bold and necessary policy that we need to tackle the public health challenges. the ruling followed attempts by the scotch whisky association to block minimum pricing calling it a restriction on trade. they now say they accept the ruling. the scottish government's pioneering move and its impact on consumers here will be closely watched around the uk. the welsh government says it wants to go ahead with a similar policy and there is sympathy for the idea in northern ireland. a plan for minimum pricing in england under the last government was later dropped. joanne wants to see change in england. her daughter megan was just 16 when she died after drinking strong cider at a party.
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it had costjust16p a unit. it's so cheap. it's pocket money prices. and the minimum unit pricing that is coming to scotland, i'm ecstatic about it, it's fantastic news and hopefully it will roll out now across the rest of the country because that's what needs to happen. for retailers and manufacturers they will have to be a rethink of how they market alcoholic drinks in scotland. what remains to be seen is the impact on drinkers and alcohol—related health problems. the actor keith barron has died after a short illness aged 83. are you nervous? i'm a gambler, what makes you think i'm nervous? you are smoking the filter. he was best known for his role in the itv sitcom duty free. he also appeared in coronation street, z cars and doctor who. his agent said he'd enjoyed
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a long and varied career. from babysitting in the evening to looking after the kids when you're at work, grandparents are playing an ever greater role in family life. and the children love it — there are all those treats from granny and grandad. but that's where the problem starts. researchers at the university of glasgow claim overindulgent grandparents could be harming children's health. here'sjon kay it is feeding time at the zoo... lunchtime with nanna. and after a healthy sandwich, a chocolate bar for max. karen says she never used to give her own kids so many treats. but when you're a granny, it's different. i don't think it really hurts now and again. it is not all the time. i do like to make him happy. karen says she makes sure he is healthy, too. but according to today's research, many youngsters all over the world are being overindulged by grandparents who give them too much sugary and fatty food. and because mums and dads often rely on grandparents for childcare, they can feel unable to speak out. in the park, 0liver
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and his son, elijah. 0liver says that grandparents in theirfamily are great but sometimes maybe a little bit too kind. i don't like to spoil him too much because i don't want him to think everything is given to him. i feel like these days kids just think everything should be handed to them. but obviously when he's with his grandparents, it is a bit more like, oh, just give him that, just give him that. what sort of stuff, what does he get? sweets, chocolate. a lollipop. lollipops? bananas, fruits... but most of the grannies and grandads we met today insisted they always try to keep things healthy. i had a hot chocolate and you had just cold milk. oh, so you're getting the sweet treat and he is not? i didn't have any sugar in mine! oh, yeah, yeah. and i didn't have the marshmallows, either. mummy and daddy go... at the soft play, patricia told me she now has the time and the money to treat her grandkids and she is not going to stop. he's my whole world,
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and his brother. the sun, the moon and stars. he can have whatever he likes. anything? no, not anything, but within reason. the study says grandparents have a key role to play in encouraging a healthy lifestyle and must give children clear messages. jon kay, bbc news, poole. but that is what going to granny‘s is all about! i will bring you the headline to the moment, first the weather with tomasz schafernaker. today was horrible for many, lots of mist and drizzle, not everyone but many of us had that mist and smoke. that will continue tonight that there was a change tomorrow, we will lose some of the drizzle and murkiness. there is still a lot of cloud, mist and hill fog, murkiness. there is still a lot of cloud, mistand hill fog, but murkiness. there is still a lot of cloud, mist and hill fog, but this line of rain, this is a cold front, and behind it we will see calder air
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and behind it we will see calder air and brighter weather moving into scotla nd and brighter weather moving into scotland and northern ireland during thursday morning. later in the morning for scotland, northern ireland and the north think that it will turn beautiful and sunny, in the south of my cloud over with a bit of rain in the afternoon. temperatures are a lot lower by the cold front with this much chillier air moving in from the north. by the time we get into thursday evening at the early hours of friday, we are all in the clear air mass, meaning that on friday, for many, it will be a chilly but beautifully sunny day. hello, this is bbc news with me, christian fraser. the headlines at 8.30pm: the army in zimbabwe seizes control of the country, with president robert mugabe thought to be under house arrest. for un secretary general has called on an sides in gutierrez has called on all sides in the country to show restraint —— the un general secretary. the home 0ffice —— foreign secretary tells
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the husband of nazaneen said harry looked ratcliffe —— nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, that no stone will remain unturned in trying to secure her release in iran. scotland is to become the first country in the world to set a minimum price for alcohol, following a ruling by the supreme court. the policy is aimed at helping problem drinkers. more now from zimbabwe, where it seems president robert mugabe may have finally lost his grip on power after nearly four decades. the army is now in control of the country — it says temporarily — after taking over the state broadcaster overnight. the bbc‘s zimbabwe correspondent shingai nyoka is in harare, and says other african countries have been critical of the takeover. the african union offered a very strong statement over the events of the last 24—hour is. they criticise the last 24—hour is. they criticise the soldiers and said that what they have done is tantamount to a coup. he said they are attempting to take power by force and that they should
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stop, but his criticism ends there. the african union has offered its support to zimbabwe so it can help resolve this impasse. regional bodies have also criticised what has happened, but there really has been very little action in terms of condemning out right what has happened over the last 24 hours. lord peter hain served as minister of state for foreign and commonwealth affairs in tony blair's labour government, and met president mugabe on several occasions. earlier he spoke to our correspondent richard galpin, who started by asking what his reaction was to today's events in zimbabwe. a coup is normally when a general ta kes a coup is normally when a general takes over. this is the vice president, emmerson mnangagwa, taking over, and i think that is a good thing because mugabe was trying to install his wife, grace, who is corrupt, along with corrupt ministers who have been looting the country, and basically the rest of the elite in zimbabwe in the ruling
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party have said, we are not tolerating this, and they have staged a power change, where the vice president was forced to flee the country and is now going to come back and take over as president. the country and is now going to come back and take over as presidentlj know back and take over as president.” know you say it is not a coup but the fact is the military are out in the fact is the military are out in the streets, in the capital, harare. the whole push out in getting rid of mr mugabe has been implemented by the military. are you concerned that they may stay on and actually decide to take power for themselves? the military effectively have been in power under mugabe anyway. he has run an authoritarian despotic regime and a cropped one, too, with the military the security police —— and a corrupt one as well with the military and security police supporting him. they have now gone for this with chinese support to try to ta ke for this with chinese support to try to take the country forward. the country has been destroyed by mugabe, and in the end people have said, we've had enough, especially
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when the mugabe dynasty was going to be maintained through his wife, grace, with virtually no political experience, deeply unpopular and deeply corrupt as well. so in my view this as a power shift within the ruling elite, for the better in zimbabwe, but not necessarily a fully democratic government in the way that should be the case. the vice president mnangagwa has a terrible record in government, like mugabe has and most of the senior power elite, whether they are in the military, the security or in politics. but i think anything is better than mugabe's rule, and certainly anything is better than his wife grace mugabe's rule. she would be a disaster, and that is saying something, because her husband robert mugabe has been absolutely catastrophic for zimbabwe. 0nce absolutely catastrophic for zimbabwe. once the breadbasket of
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southern africa, now importing food. 0nce southern africa, now importing food. once an economy with the best educated workforce in the whole of africa had no other basket case of an economy with people fleeing zimbabwe to work anywhere else across the world except their own country —— and now a basket case of an economy. this had to end at some point, and finally i think the power elite has decided, enough is enough. they did not accept that the mugabe dynasty should continue to be foisted on them. but be under no illusions. these are the same people who have been carrying out mugabe's orders, and all the destructive consequences that has meant for the people of zimbabwe and the country. that was peter hain speaking a little earlier to our correspondent richard galpin. and shortly we will be speaking to dr knox chitiyo. currently an associate fellow at chatham house. that are still to come.
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that is still to come. the charity save the children is warning that 50,000 children under the age of five are expected to die in yemen this year from hunger or disease. an estimated 12,000 people have already died there as a result of a two—year conflict between houthi rebels, backed by iran, and a saudi—led coaliton. 0ur foreign correspondent clive myrie sent this report from the port city of aden in yemen. walid is here in this prosthetic and orthopaedic building, which is where they are fashioning out of rubber and plastic and plaster legs and arms all those people who have been injured as a result of the fighting in this area. tens of thousands of landmines were apparently laid by retreating houthi forces around here, and of course the saudi—led coalition and its air strikes have resulted in a number of people
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losing arms and legs. this building is fashioning arms and prosthetic limbs on an industrial scale, many of them sadly for children. look at this one for a child of no more than ten, 11, perhaps. the lathes and the drilling goes on here, and it's been working overtime, this building, to try to deal with the terrible effects of this war. the people who've come here are hoping to get a semblance of normality with the new limb, but also, they would argue, a measure of dignity. but in the al—sadaqa teaching hospital here in the port city of aden it's questionable whether some of these children will even see adult — they're terribly malnourished victims of this war. new cases are coming in all the time, and in one of the other wards power outages because of a lack of fuel mean that the machines keeping some of the children alive could switched off at any moment — it is a desperate, desperate situation. more than two years after the intensification of this conflict there seems little sign of a resolution, little respite from all the pain. clive ryrie, bbc news, in aden. unemployment has fallen again.
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it dropped by 59,000 between july and september. new figures from the office for national statistics also show a rise in wages of 2.2% — slightly higher than before but still too little to keep up with inflation. as our economics correspondent andy verity reports, the number of people born outside the uk joining the workforce has plummeted. the service industry may have slowed down but it hasn't stopped churning outjobs. with fewer unemployed workers claiming a larger slice of the pie, with wages edging up. employers like this food manufacturer in west yorkshire are struggling to find enough people to do the work to make their orders. 0n the factory workforce we are seeing that the labour
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market tightening and it seems to be more difficult to get good workers. the number of people classified as unemployed dropped slightly from july to september to 1.4 million, a rate of 4.3% of the working population, unchanged from last month. the number in work is now estimated at 32.1 million, slightly less than the last count, the first drop in two years. the figures today reveal a big change in the supply of labour from outside the uk. last year 430,000 non—uk born workers found work here. this year is just 132,000. that drop in the supply of labour from abroad has implications not just for jobs but wages. the drop in non—uk born workers in this latest data is hugely significant, particularly for wages. in 2016, 90% of the increase in employment came from migrant workers and a small proportion from domestic workers, that is dropping off as workers have been deterred from coming
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here from overseas, or maybe have gone home in light of the brexit vote. maybe wages will start to pick up on the back of that. today's official figures also show a marked change in productivity. the amount the economy produces per worker. after falling for six months, that is estimated to have grown by 0.9%. meaning each worker is producing a little more. if that figure is accurate, it may not be, it is good news for the chancellor ahead of the budget next week. the more each worker produces, the more their firms can afford to pay them, and the more taxes the chancellor could receive. almost 400 individuals and organisations have been given the right to participate at the grenfell tower inquiry. the decision could give them the right to provide opening statements, highlight evidence or suggest lines of questioning. meanwhile officials from the inquiry, which is being led by the retired judge sir martin moore—bick, say they have yet to finish taking statements from residents and firefighters. a search has been launched for the british explorer,
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benedict allen, after his family said he went missing during an expedition to papua new guinea. the 57—year—old's wife says he missed his flight home, and hasn't been heard from for the past three weeks. he had been dropped by helicopter into remotejungle and was hoping to find a reclusive tribe. back to our top story, zimbabwe. i can now speak to dr knox chitiyo, an associate fellow at chatham house. he joins us live from johannesburg. good to speak to you. how has robert mugabe been able to stay in power for 37 years? it is a lengthy story. but for all that has happened he has been one of the icons of pan africanist struggle. he had a certain and that of pulling power,
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but all that is now coming to an end. as some of the things he did particularly in his early years did actually benefit the country, but of course things soon changed. so he does have a residual pull, in terms of memory and in terms of what was accomplished particularly in the early years. but you get a sense, do you, there is relief in that part of africa at the moment, that finally this 93—year—old, who has really clung on to power, that it seems he is going to be put out of power? yes, i mean there is very little doubt we are in a transition now, andi doubt we are in a transition now, and i think, yes, i havejust come from harare and certainly the mood there is one i would say of cautious optimism. we are not talking of a zimbabwe spring kind of like the arab spring, but i think there is a sense of a zimbabwe sunrise in terms of the economy in particular. what people really want is for the economy to be sorted out, they want some sort of closure in terms of the
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economy, and also of course the politics going forward. so, yes, we are definitely in a transition, a new phase, new era. and you share that optimism, do you, given that mr mnangagwa is really of the old guard? well, i think the feeling back home in zimbabwe is that, you know, people are aware that whoever comes into power, you know, whether it is someone, mnangagwa or whoever, no one is going to be perfect. there are certain caveats. no one is thinking this is going to be a perfect transition or that we are parking of angels coming to power, but what people want is something different and a sense that whoever comes into power is really going to look at the economy —— or that we are speaking of angels coming into power. and perhaps bring in a team of multiple stakeholders, so whilst people are anxious, uncertain, because no one knows for sure what
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tomorrow brings, but there is a sense and hope that this could be the start of a new phase, particularly in terms of the economy. but you are right. nobody thinks this will be an easy transition, or that we are headed, particularly in terms of governance, the something remarkable, but for people at home in zimbabwe right now, it is about the economy, the number one priority. we just had some comment from peter hain hope d—mac who of course has followed events closely in zimbabwe —— peter hain who of course. he said grace mugabe would have been a complete disaster, which he said was seeing something given that she would have been replacing robert mugabe. well, you know, ithink been replacing robert mugabe. well, you know, i think people are looking at alternatives to grace, certainly, andi at alternatives to grace, certainly, and i think people preferred the new
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authorities coming into zimbabwe. you think that is why there is that sort of sense of relief that she has been taken out of the picture, because she was gathering power, wasn't she? and she seemed not to ca re wasn't she? and she seemed not to care that there was such division within zanu—pf? care that there was such division within zanu-pf? yes, certainly she was very within zanu-pf? yes, certainly she was very powerful, as i'm sure you have read, and you are aware within certain sections of zanu—pf she did have supporters and she was the head of the women's league, so suddenly she had built a formidable power base, but the real schism within the party was between that section of the party and the military, and that is where the big fault line was. partly this is about, you know, resolving that fault line and that power struggle. 0k, dr knox chitiyo, thank you very much indeed. thank you. it is quarter to nine. the army in zimbabwe seizes
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control of the country, with president robert mugabe thought to be under house arrest. scotland is to become the first country in the world to set a minimum price for alcohol, following a ruling by the supreme court. the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the briton jailed in iran, has finally met the foreign secretary borisjohnson. an update on the market numbers for you — here's how london's and frankfurt ended the day. not a particularly good one today, down right across the board. global leaders have been meeting in germany, hoping to give new momentum to annual world talks taking place on climate change. they're trying to finalise the details from the big climate change agreement in paris two years ago. but there's anger that united states officials have been promoting fossil fuels at the conference, including what's known as "clean coal. " here's our environment analyst roger harrabin. are we changing the climate? well, scientists are more convinced than ever that it's mainly our fault
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that the planet is heating. 13 us agencies say there is no other realistic cause. scientists say carbon dioxide emissions from our society didn't trigger the california wildfires, for instance, but it did make them worse. the oceans are also absorbing some of that carbon dioxide and that is making sea water more acidic. scientists warn that all marine life will be affected. the vast majority of the countries in the world understand that climate change is real, that it's caused by humans, that it's already doing great damage to life, health, property, economies and ecosystems. and that it's in everybody‘s interest to work together to reduce the threat. so what are we doing about it? in paris, world leaders promised to hold the world's temperature rise as close as possible to 1.5 celsius. that is thought to be a danger point. that would mean very steep cuts
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in greenhouse gases. but look, this is what the politicians‘ pledges in paris will give us. a steadily increasing level of greenhouse gases. so there's a huge gap between what politicians are doing and what they admit they need to do. and unless things improve, scientists think we're heading for a dangerous temperature rise of three celsius. so what is this meeting about? chanting: save the world! this year, governments, led by fiji, have gathered to agree the fine print of the paris climate accord. every nation is on board, except the usa. my administration is putting an end to the war on coal. we're going to have clean coal, really clean coal. but environmentalists are furious that president trump is trying to promote coal at the climate talks. some developing countries do want the energy that coal can bring. but scientists are clear that the climate cannot be
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stabilised if nations invest heavily in coal. nobody said it was easy. roger harrabin, bbc news. driving examiners are going to stage a 48—hour strike on the same day a new driving test is being launched, in a dispute over working conditions. the public and commercial services union said that up to 2000 of its members are planning to take part in the walk—out on 4th december. it's warning that thousands of driving tests will be affected by the strike action. now i don't know what your memories of school dinners are like, but students in north london have been served up platefuls of insects. it's part of a project to get them thinking about alternative ways to feed everyone on the planet in future. caroline davis has bravely been to clapton girls academy, to see what's on the menu. this is not your normal school lunch, and these are not your normal ingredients. here we have got some mealworms.
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grasshoppers add a nice spicy tangy taste. i will leave some behind so the kids can see what they are eating as well. waiting nervously outside for their lunch, the students. it is more ethical but also i am a bit... eurgh... it is disgusting, but let's see! god knows! first up, insect cuss cuss, which took some getting used to. it is the fact that... i cannot swallow it. then hummus and dips with a sprinkling of mealworms. —— cous cous. it was all right, but i would try it again. you have got a few more courses to come! oh, god! i do not get away that lightly. down the hatch... well... crunchy... this is not only about testing your taste buds — there is something educational
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going on too. today's lesson and today's event is about understanding how and why insects are sustainable, but we also are challenging their mindset about what they can eat. 0nto the main, mealworms burgers — they divide opinion. the worms... pull them out! it is a bit scratchy... but it tastes like a normal burger. would the students eat insects again? at first i was scared, but now i am a bit more... i am more calm about it, but i still would not eat this in the future. i am kind of afraid of insects, now they are kind of good. it is a start, but the meal of the future might be an acquired taste. no, that is disgusting! and ina and in a spicy mealworm! ——
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and in a spicy mealworm! -- mm, i do love a spicy mealworm! what do you think of when you hear "the north"? friendly people, and wet weather? well, a new exhibition about "the north" has opened — in london. jayne mccubbin went along for a look. the north — discuss. the first time i went up there i really was amazed. it was exotic in the way that going to darkest africa would have been exotic. because it was so different to the south? it was so different and the people were extraordinary to look at and wonderful. not africa but nelson in lancashire, in the 1960s — images so powerful they've shaped our perception of the north ever since. john bulmer was the first photo journalist to capture the north in colour. well, almost colour. i did deliberately choose to shoot in the winter, and often in rain orfog or mist, to try and give it a softer and more subtle approach. photojournalism had been a black—and—white thing, and the north of england particularly had been considered a black—and—white subject. i think there's a directness and a humanity, and even now if you go up and wander into a hotel in the north, you get a human response from the people much more than you do in other parts
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of the world. this exhibition is all about the spirit of the north, its identity, how it was shaped then and how it is seen now. it's a bit like sort of rio or paris — if you've never been there you have this idea of what it looks like, you picture the streets and the people and the sounds, and that's sort of what we're trying to get to the root of within this exhibition. in art, northern men have been bold and boisterous. women, strong mothers, wives and friends. some images are built to last, but as new northern influences erupted, so their impact spread. if you want to know how far, well, you'll see it in the trainers sold around the world named after northern icons or northern towns. and it's the paul smith collection,
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inspired by manchester but sold only injapan. there's a lot of work by people who aren't based in the north and have never lived there who are influenced by it. it filters around the world and i think that's a crucial thing to acknowledge, it still has this power and people still want to engage with it. but bring two northerners to this exhibition, two old durham miners, and it is the old imagery which has the lasting power. none of this a cliche to be shaken off — instead heritage to evoke pride. that was life in mining communities. it was vibrant, harsh environment but you enjoyed yourself. it was a hard life but people enjoyed themselves as well, with little money. as a northerner, when you look around something like this and you see how these images are still relevant today... i'm proud of them. you're proud? i'm proud of them.
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they were great times, i think they should be remembered for what they are and people shouldn't look down and sneer at us northerners, because they were good times and we are good people and we still are good people. you can't say fairer than that. you can't, absolutely. there is a pride that was built in the north and stayed in the north even after the north stopped building other things, and its influence continues to spread around the world. jayne mccubbin, bbc news. amen to that! nelson, lancashire, that's where i grew up! greggs the bakers has apologised for swapping jesus for a sausage roll in a promotional image for its advent calendar. the calendar shows a nativity scene with three wise men gathered around a pastry instead of christ. some twitter users said the advert was disrespectful to christianity. greggs has apologised for the image, saying it hadn't planned to upset anyone. the image was issued to promote a 24 pounds advent calendar which has the image was issued to promote a £24 advent calendar which has vouchers behind each door.
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not hiding the fact that that is a sausage roll! time for a look at the weather. today across many parts of the country it was not a pretty picture, with grey skies, mist and drizzle, which will continue through the night, but the morrison very different weather on the way. this cloud on the satellite picture racing in our direction, it is a cold front, and behind it here we have cold a which is soon going to move into the uk and will turn much colder. not desperately cold but you will notice those temperatures dipping away. this is where the cold front is, starting to encroach into north—western parts of the uk. it will bring some rain and then into the night somewhere across southern scotla nd the night somewhere across southern scotland and northern ireland. to the south, the area still mild and there is still some drizzle and
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mark. first thing in the morning it is still looking pretty overcast across southern areas of the uk but with the increasing breeze, head of this front here, the cloud will start to break up, so i don't think thursday morning is going to be as great as what we've just had. this is the cold front here, then behind it you can see that temperatures are a lot slower, into single figures, 6 degrees, a bit of mountain snow there across scotland, and a rash of showers. so sunshine and showers for the afternoon and eventually in scotland, but look how much brighter it is here. the cloud pushing towards the south and we are left with little bits and pieces of drizzle as the front moves into the south—east, but the remainder of the milder in london at 40 degrees, but for most of us is more like 10 celsius. then into friday, the cold air moves away, we are in high pressure, the skies should clear, so that means for many of us apart from in the north where it will be blustery, it starts off chilly, perhaps with frost, then basically
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we are in for a fine autumn day. temperatures are around 7—8d across the far north, —— 7—8d and across the far north, —— 7—8d and across the far north closer to ten. 0utside of town there will be a frost, not necessarily across the north and east, but more of a breeze they are, and temperatures perhaps getting up to around 12 degrees, but i think for most of us it will be into single figures. saturday into sunday, low—pressure moving in and the weekend, potentially wet. hello, i'm kasia madera, this is 0utside source. zimbabwe's leader robert mugabe is detained as the army seizes control of the country — but they insist they are not staging a coup. we are only targeting criminals around him who are committing crimes
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that are causing social and economic suffering in the country. we're going to be live in the us state of alabama as the republican candidate for state's vacant senate seat hits back at historic sexual assault allegations. the tit—for—tat between russia and the united states over allegations of meddling in the 2016 us election continues. russian mps have backed a law that could force foreign media outlets to register as foreign agents. and remember you can always get in touch. the hashtag is #bbcos.
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