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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  November 15, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten, robert mugabe's decades in power seem to be over, following a military takeover in zimbabwe. the 93—year—old president, seen here last week, is now under house arrest in the capital, harare. armoured vehicles are patrolling the streets but military leaders claim they haven't mounted a coup. we wish to make it abundantly clear that this is not a military takeover of government. some parts of the city are in lockdown. now this is as close as we can get to some of the military tanks that have stationed themselves in strategic positions. we'll be reporting from the capital, and we'll be looking back at the abuses and the economic collapse of mugabe's years in power. also tonight. scotland is to become the first country in the world to set a minimum price for alcohol, following a ruling by the supreme court. our second special report on the suffering in yemen, where millions are threatened with starvation. in the deepest parts of the ocean, scientists report sea life
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is affected by plastic pollution. and football's great challenge — how to draw younger supporters put off by the price of tickets. coming up in the sport, northern ireland manager michael o'neill has been officially approached by the scottish fa but could a move to sunderland b on the cards? good evening. after nearly four decades in power in zimbabwe, robert mugabe's turbulent days in power seem to be over. the president is under house arrest in the capital, harare, after the army seized control of the country overnight. mr mugabe, who's 93 and the world's oldest head of state, provoked a fierce battle for succession within his zanu—pf
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party and the military decided to block the progress of mr mugabe's wife, grace. tonight, military vehicles are patrolling the streets of the capital and the british embassy has advised uk nationals to stay indoors. our correspondent in zimbabwe, shingai nyoka, has sent this report. this is what zimbabweans woke up to this morning, tanks on the streets of their capital city, something that has never happened in nearly a0 years of independence, followed by a statement from the military on state tv, saying the mugabe family was safe and that this was not a coup. what the zimbabwe defence forces is doing is to pacify a degenerating political, social and economic situation in our country, which, if not addressed, may result in a violent conflict. overnight, president mugabe, the world's oldest leader,
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lost control of the country he has led for 37 years. and though the generals say he remains president, he is clearly no longer calling the shots. the presence of the military is being felt here on the streets of harare and some parts of the city are in lockdown. now, this is as close as we can get to some of the military tanks that have stationed themselves in strategic positions. one, as you can see here, has blocked off access to the president's office. there's another that has blocked off access to parliament. the president still has his supporters, especially in the rural areas, but here in harare, it is a different story. translation: we're going to have a good life now. we're looking forward to christmas because of what has happened. we want to thank those who organised this and we want them to remain until our problems are resolved. translation: i want to thank the general for removing this tyrant.
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he was ruling the country as if it belonged to his family. much now depends on how zimbabwe's neighbours react to this situation, especially south africa. its president, jacob zuma, spoke on the phone to mr mugabe earlier and has now sent south africa's defence minister to assess the situation first—hand. i am hoping that the defence force will not move and do more damage, that they will be able to respect the constitution of zimbabwe as well as the people of zimbabwe. but ultimately, this takeover is down to a power struggle within zimbabwe's ruling zanu—pf. last week, emmerson mnangagwa was sacked as vice president. a loyal ally, he was, like mugabe, a veteran of the country's struggle for independence. but in recent years, he's found himself up against this woman, grace mugabe, the president's young, ambitious and some would say ruthless wife,
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a one—time typist and now one of the most powerful political figures in the country, with plans to take over as vice president. she remains a divisive figure among party supporters. just last week, she was met with boos while attending a rally. boo, go ahead! i don't care! since the takeover, the military has begun to arrest those close to her and the british foreign office issued a warning to british nationals in the city. stay at home. stay in your hotel room. wait until things settle down a little bit. tonight, the city remains in relative calm. so far, a bloodless military takeover, but it leaves those inside the country wondering what lies ahead. change is under way but whether it's the change zimbabweans have been yearning for is far from clear. shingai nkoya, bbc news, zimbabwe. robert mugabe has ruled zimbabwe since 1980,
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when the country formerly known as rhodesia gained independence from britain. his downfall has been predicted many times, but until now, the 93—year—old has managed to confound his many critics at home and abroad, as our africa editor fergal keane reports. robert mugabe is a leader who has outlived his epoch. from icon of the struggle against racist rule, to symbol of excess and repression, he has fallen hard and inflicted untold damage on his country in the process. there was a deceptive calm in salisbury, capital of rhodesia, on the day of udi, the declaration of independence. it was this world of white privilege and black exclusion he and other revolutionary leaders sought to overthrow. robert mugabe went to jail for ten years and later fled tojoin his guerillas in the bush. a revolutionary war led to thousands of casualties but when apartheid
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south africa withdrew support from the rhodesian regime, it was forced into negotiations. whether they accept it or not is immaterial to us, really. they will have to accept it in as much as they must accept political domination. under the stewardship of the old british colonial power, there were elections, which robert mugabe won, promising forgiveness and tolerance. and bear true allegiance to zimbabwe and observe... but in power, a ruthless nature swiftly asserted itself. my government will never rest until those within that party who are responsible for organising the disturbance are crushed and crushed fully. in matabeleland province, he used the army to crush supporters of a rival guerrilla army. it was a pitiless campaign of massacre, as i discovered when i went to investigate the atrocities.
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this is a country in a state of fear. everywhere you go, there are militia, police roadblocks and of course, the spies whom you can't see. the west stayed silent, believing robert mugabe was good for stability and had kept his promise to allow white farmers to hold their lands and lifestyle. but as opposition to his rule grew amid economic downturn, he turned on the white farmers, harnessing anger over long—festering grievances among the landless poor and veterans of the guerrilla war. his political opponents were terrorised, too. none of this troubled the army or the man tipped to succeed mr mugabe, emmerson mnangagwa. he is another veteran of the liberation war and has been implicated in past massacres and corruption. there isn't much difference between mnangagwa and president robert mugabe himself.
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they may differ in terms of style and he's much younger than president robert mugabe but he has been part and parcel of the formation of zanu—pf. he has been behind the scenes. he has been the brains behind president robert mugabe. what forced him and his military allies into action was the inexorable rise of grace mugabe. her ostentatious spending shocked even some of the corrupt elite around the president. but it was her political plotting that finally forced the old revolutionaries of the army and the ruling party into action. there is among an older generation of africans some residual affection for a man once seen as an icon of liberation. but his old regional allies are dead and gone and many in his own country will be glad to see the end of the age of mugabe. fergal keane, bbc news. let's go live to harare and our
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zimbabwe correspondent, shingai n koya. zimbabwe correspondent, shingai nkoya. tell us more about the reaction there has been to the past 24 reaction there has been to the past 2a hours and indeed what you are picking up about people's hopes for the months ahead. africa appears to come up with its tolerance to coups appears to be shrinking at the african union chairperson issued a strongly worded statement condemning the events of the last 2a hours, saying this is tantamount to a coup but the continental body has not specified what kind of action it will take against the military and you will know that the military has said this is not a coup or a military takeover, that they are trying to bring justice to some of the criminal offences that have been taking place or that have been happening with people that surround president robert mugabe but there is a sharp contrast between the african union's objections and how people have received this news and this
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probably points to the grim reality is that zimbabweans face ulster 3 million of them have fled to south africa, where they are living as economic refugees. unemployment is one of the highest in the world and food prices are rising. many of them hope the recent changes might bring the change that they want. thank you for joining the change that they want. thank you forjoining us. from the latest —— with the latest in harare, shingai n koya, with the latest in harare, shingai nkoya, there. scotland is to become the first country in the world to introduce a minimum price per unit of alcohol. the supreme court ruled that it was a "proportionate means" of improving public health. the policy was agreed five years ago, but it drew a prolonged legal challenge by the scotch whisky association. the first minister, nicola sturgeon, expressed her delight at the outcome. our health editor, hugh pym, reports. in scotland, with 22 people dying each week from alcohol problems, minimum pricing has been on the agenda for over five years, but it's only today the government can plan to implement it. though it won't be
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popular with everybody. it's not going to stop anybody buying it. it's probably quite a good thing. i actually work as a community psychiatric nurse, so we get a lot of people addicted to alcohol and things like that. the changes will mean prices of some of the cheapest alcohol in scotland increasing sharply. this four pack of beer costs £1.00, it's set to rise to at least £4.00. this bottle of wine is currently £2.80, in future it'll be at least £4.69. and this £11.00 bottle of vodka will be at least £14.00. ministers were celebrating, saying it was a step forwards in tackling the country's unhealthy relationship with drink. the policy is, you know, by its very nature, controversial because, you know, again, this is an example of scotland leading the world. it will continue to have its critics, but it's the kind of bold and necessary policy that we need to tackle our public health challenges.
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the ruling followed attempts by the scotch whisky association to block minimum pricing, calling it a restriction on trade. they now say they accept the ruling. the scottish government's pioneering move will be watched closely around the uk. the welsh government wants to go ahead with a similar policy. there's sympathy for it in northern ireland. but in england, a plan to introduce minimum alcohol pricing under the last government was later dropped. joanne wants to see change in england. her daughter megan was just 16 when she died after drinking strong cider at a party. it had costjust16p a unit. it's so cheap. you know, it's pocket money prices and the minimum unit pricing that's come in in scotland, you know, i'm ecstatic about. you know, it's fantastic news and hopefully it will roll out now just across the rest of the country because that's what needs to happen. for retailers and manufacturers, there'll have to be a major rethink
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of how they market alcoholic drinks in scotland. what remains to be seen is the impact on drinkers and alcohol—related health problems. hugh pym, bbc news, glasgow. a brief look at some of the day's other news stories. the head of britain's national cyber security centre has confirmed russian hackers have targeted the uk media, telecoms and energy sectors. ciaran martin said it was a "cause for concern" and accused moscow of "seeking to undermine the international system." at least 15 people have died in flash floods in greece. three towns to the west of athens were hit by a torrent of water caused by heavy overnight rain. locals are saying the damage was on an unprecedented scale in that region. a man has been found guilty of deliberately trying to infect 10 men with hiv after meeting them
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on a dating app. daryll rowe was convicted at lewes crown court of five counts of grievous bodily harm with intent and five counts of attempting to do so. four people have been treated by paramedics after a fire at a block of flats on the outskirts of west belfast. the block was evacuated. safety drills had been carried out there following the grenfell tower tragedy in london injune. boris johnson, the foreign secretary, has held his first meeting with richard ratcliffe, the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the british—iranian woman who is in prison in iran. mrjohnson pledged to leave no stone unturned in trying to secure her freedom. she was jailed for five years in april last year for spying, an allegation she has always denied. our special correspondent, lucy manning, explains. he's waited 19 months. richard ratcliffe finally on his way to meet the foreign secretary, with his wife still in prison in iran. nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, a dual citizen, was accused of trying to overthrow the iranian regime.
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today, her husband said the meeting was positive, but there were reservations about giving his wife diplomatic protection, and he's still waiting to hear if he can travel to iran with the foreign secretary. he said, listen, i'm open to the idea, you know, i'd love you to come, but i need to check both with the foreign office officials, whether they think it's a good idea, and also with iran. how closer do you think you are now to your wife coming home for christmas? well, the foreign secretary didn't make any promises. he promised to do his best. and you know, i couldn't ask for more than that. in terms of how close do i feel, it feels like with all the attention and concern, that can only be a good thing. but the foreign office has always been reserved that more attention makes it more complicated. mrjohnson upset the family two weeks ago, appearing to contradict her claim she was just in iran on holiday. he spoke ahead of the meeting. people here in the foreign office and across government have been working very hard over the last 19
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months to secure the release of nazanin zaghari— ratcliffe and indeed to solve some other very difficult consular cases in iran, and we're going to continue to do that, and we will leave absolutely no stone unturned. if you ask me if nazanin is still cross with him, yes, she is still cross with him. if you ask me if i'm cross, i'm not cross. me, i'm focused onjust bringing her home. and to bring home his three—year—old daughter gabriella, who is also still in iran. mr ratcliffe now has the publicity and the political profile, but will it help to ensure the release of his wife? the kind of concessions that the iranians want of the british government cannot be done publicly and it's much better to try and do these things behind the scenes, just as the kind of concessions that they have to give goes through a similar sort of stages. but with reports the charity worker's health is deteriorating,
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her husband hopes there can be a diplomatic solution. lucy manning, bbc news. the charity save the children is warning that 50,000 children under the age of five in yemen are expected to die this year from hunger or disease. the crisis began in 2015 when houthi rebels, backed by iran, ousted the president and took control of parts of the country. a coalition, led by saudi arabia, then began a campaign of airstrikes to try to restore the government. the united nations estimates that nearly seven million people are now under imminent threat of starvation. well, in the second of his extended reports from yemen, my colleague clive myrie and cameraman nick millard have been to the front—line city of taiz, where there's no let up in the fighting. and a warning, there are some distressing images from the start. it shouldn't be like this, children fed through plastic tubes, not because of nature, but because of man. nuwara is two years
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old and acutely malnourished. her skin, starved of nutrients, is flaky. she's a prime target for infections that could kill her. translation: she had diarrhoea and vomiting when we first came to the hospital. now they feed her through a pipe. there seems to be nothing we can do. who can i blame? i don't know. the tragedy of the yemen war is that nuwara is far from alone in her suffering, there are half a million other children straddling life—and—death. it's estimated a child is dying of a preventable disease here every ten minutes. the city of tiaz, population 600,000, sums up yemen's dystopian nightmare,
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it's a city sinking under the weight of war. no—one seems to be in control here, rubbish piles up in the streets. it fills the local canal instead of water, much of it bags of human excrement. cholera's rampant. taiz sits on the front—line of this country's war between saudi—backed government forces and houthi rebels, allegedly supported by iran. win taiz, on the main highway running north to south across yemen, and you dominate the southern battlefield. a commander with forces loyal to the government points out the positions of the rebel army. translation: their coalition supports us with air strikes and light weapons and some heavy weapons, but not enough. their efforts are important to liberating yemen, but we need more heavy weapons.
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neither side in this war is making any significant territorial gains. the fighting simply grinds on with civilians inevitably caught in the middle. for the saudi—led coalition, air power after two years has not proved decisive. it is not winning the day. their military intervention has become stuck, it's bogged down. any kind of victory here seems a long way off. explosions while the fighting drags on, the neglect mounts in taiz. war dictates everything, not the banalities of peace. this is the local courthouse, what chance of law and order here? whole neighbourhoods have been abandoned. this man points out there are snipers down the road, we can't go any further. translation: there is no food.
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they're besieging us. we can't move at all. our lives are full of danger and no—one is helping us. taiz has been forgotten. and every citizen has a war story, though some require no words. muneer hassan lost three limbs and his mother. "she was martyred", he told me. "shot by a sniper. i wish this country was safe." few in yemen have the luxury of memories that don't include a time of war. through britain's colonial era in aden, the years of communism, civil war and now the proxy struggle of regional powers that see saudi arabia so prominent here. this is what's left of a department store, smashed by an air strike. after all the destruction
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and lives lost this war, like most modern conflicts, will only come to an end with a political solution and, at the very least, that requires the yemenis themselves to come together for the greater good. but the chances of that happening are as remote as they've ever been, so it seems yemen's pain is destined to endure. all the malnourished children in this humble ward are victims of grand designs. the manoeuvrings of the middle east power players, from tehran to riyadh, yemen is stuck in the middle. born into this world as war babies, will they ever know peace? clive myrie, bbc news, in southern yemen. that was the second of clive's extended reports on the appalling suffering there of the people in yemen. the cyclist sir bradley wiggins
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and team sky won't face any charges after an investigation into the contents of a package that was delivered to him in 2011. sir bradley, a five—time olympic champion, said that he'd been put through a "living hell" during the course of the inquiry. our sports editor, dan roan, is at the national cycling centre in manchester. dan, does this mean that all these questions have now gone away? sadly, not, huw. while today'sjudgment adds talk of strippingifiles or bans nor does it clear anybody of cheating. team sky and wiggins, no—one has actually been charged. that will no doubt come as a big relief to all of them that this long investigation which cast a shadow over the most successful sport in the country and the most decorated olympian in british sporting history is finally at an end. it falls short ofa is finally at an end. it falls short of a full exoneration of any of those involved because they said they were havrpdered by a lack of
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that evidence would support the explanation that that mysteryjiffy bag bag contained a mere deacon jesta nt and not bag bag contained a mere deacon jestant and not a steroid as alleged. they have been criticised for their close relationship, both who are based here at the national velodrome in manchester behind me. they say the lack of medical record—keepingnd and the lack of a paper trail was a great difficulty. as for bradley wiggins himself. he is furious. he says he's been through a living hell and a malicious witchhunt. many in the sport tonight will be feeling uneasy about the ambiguous report and result. they will refer back to the scrutiny that wiggins was under for his use of medical exemptions of banned substances before major races, the lack of power of ukkad. the investigation may have come to an end but the suspicion will linger on. dan, thank you very much. every year, some eight million tonnes of plastic are thought
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to find their way into the world's oceans and a new study has highlighted just how pervasive and destructive this pollution is. scientists at newcastle university have found man—made fibres inside creatures in the deepest trenches in the pacific ocean, some seven miles below the surface. our science editor, david shukman, has been looking at the research. a startling creature, the deepest pa rt a startling creature, the deepest part of the ocean. a realm so alien it feels utterly unlike anything we're familiar with. i think it's a sponge. no, it's trash! untilthe cameras pick up sights like this. we 110w cameras pick up sights like this. we now know it's the pollution you can't see that might be more damaging. is carrier bags and other plastic waste break up into millions of tiny fragments. research a few yea rs of tiny fragments. research a few years ago of tiny fragments. research a few yea rs ago revealed of tiny fragments. research a few years ago revealed how these plastic particles can be ingested, even by the smallest marine creatures. now a
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re search team have found more startling things. the scientists had an unwelcome surprise. every creature they brought up from the deep had swallowed some plastic waste. being remote is no defence. deep had swallowed some plastic waste. being remote is no defencelj think waste. being remote is no defence.” think it's quite worrying. it's quite a surprise. i think when we entered this we figured we would probably see something, find something of interest. we didn't expect to find so much of it and there are areas, for example, the bottom of the french every single thing we looked at had one fibre in its stomach. the scale of plastic pollution in the oceans is so vast it's hard to grasp. there's an estimated five trillion pieces of plastic out there. weighing something like 300 million tonnes. with up to 13 million tonnes more being added every year. now. of this waste floats at or just below the surface, but some of it
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sinks. last year scientists found tiny fragments of plastic in marine creatures 2,000 meters deep in the atlantic. that was depressing enough. but this latest discovery is nearly 11,000 meters down, nearly seven miles at the deepest part of the pacific. that show that is nowhere in the oceans is safe. when we first started thinking about the problem of plastics in the oceans people talked about big islands of plastic. the truth it's everywhere. it won't be easy to scoop up the plastic. we have to stop it at the source. the biggest pieces can kill seabirds. i saw for myself how this young albatross almost choked on a plastic hook there. are projects to stop waste entering the oceans, but products used once and then thrown away are a legacy threatening every corner of the planet. david shukman, bbc news. a study by bbc sport has found that most ticket prices in football have stood still or have fallen for a third year in succession,
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but the game is still having difficulty attracting a younger audience. a survey commissioned by the bbc, suggests that more than half of young adults say that they're attending fewer games because tickets are still too expensive. our sports correspondent, natalie pirks, has been studying the findings the biggest crowds, the brightest talent. commentator: eriksen. delightful ball. what a great goal. the reward for the fans dedication is thrilling entertainment. that loyalty comes as at cost. how come you prefer to watch it at home or play fifa it's money, really. the cost of travel and the cost of a ticket. fans like sam are feeling the pinch and missing out on the live experience because of it. it's louder than i thought it was going to be, to be you wouldn't go honest. get this at home. there are those who believe football could do more to help. pricey, especially for it's young people. wages are not going up every year. ie, people say season tickets
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are froze not as expensive as they we re are froze not as expensive as they were two or three years ago. it's a lot of money to watch 90 minutes of football. business is booming, in the premier league they hit record level of attendances for the third year running. the bbc survey shows when it comes to young adult they a res when it comes to young adult they ares missing a trick. why is it important, they are the season holders of the future despite more than three quarters of clubs offering discounts for young adults more than half surveyed said they have stopped going to matches com pletely have stopped going to matches completely or go to fewer games because of the expense. the extras all add because of the expense. the extras alladd up, because of the expense. the extras all add up, too. because of the expense. the extras alladd up, too. an because of the expense. the extras all add up, too. an adult shirt tops £50 for the first time and a junior shirt more than £40 a big ask for pa rents shirt more than £40 a big ask for parents i spoke to. with kids kit as well they don't want the kit they want, they want the player's name on the back that you are paying for

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