i'm mariko oi, in singapore. welcome to newsday. the headlines: a president with no power. zimbabwe's robert mugabe meets the army chief who placed him under house arrest. the united nations secretary general tells the bbc a "massive effort of reconciliation" is needed in myanmar to end violence against the country's rohingyas. the rohingya population is probably the most discriminated population of ever seen the most discriminated population of ever seen in the world. desperation too for the millions in yemen living under blockade and on the brink of famine. saudi arabia's foreign minister says his country is not to blame. one of asia's last nomadic tribes is forced to choose between modernity or starvation. we have a special report from the rainforests of indonesia. this is bbc world news. it's
newsday. good morning. it's 8am in singapore, midnight in london and 2am in zimbabwe where robert mugabe, the world's oldest head of state, is refusing to resign as president. that's despite the military taking control of the country's government on wednesday. mr mugabe is under house arrest and has been discussing his future with regional negotiators and the head of the army. our africa correspondent, andrew harding, is in zimbabwe and sent this report. he's a frail 93—year—old under house arrest. but tonight new photos of president robert mugabe do not show a broken man, farfrom it. the generals may have seized power in zimbabwe, but now they want mr mugabe's blessing. it's a surreal time for a troubled country. on the streets of the capital, we found only a few hints
of yesterday's military coup. and for the most part an anxious calm. so what's going on? in a sense, this is all about mrs mugabe. the army intervened here purely to stop her from succeeding her husband as president. a dramatic move in a power struggle that has steadily intensified as mr mugabe has grown older. today, the aim is to cut a deal that sidelines grace mugabe and allows the president to step down, with at least some dignity. mugabe needs to be persuaded to resign. that's the obvious route to take. if one starts taking the impeachment route, the ill health route and trying to get the parliamentary vote, this could be a long and protracted process and the outcome could be uncertain.
as the haggling continues, we head far out of harare into a poor neighbourhood tojudge the mood. you can really feel the sense of anticipation here. zimbabwe and many of the people here are ready to celebrate the departure of the only president they've ever known, and yet people are also very aware of that politics is a dangerous business and there's a lot of fear here. are people still scared here? people are very much scared. even now? even now. which is why you don't see big celebrations? of course, that's the reason. do you think that can change? yeah, it can change. many here blame mr mugabe personally for the struggle their lives have become. has he been bad for business? sure. why? because we have no tourism, no jobs, no schools.
but there seems little appetite for vengeance. in fact, plenty of zimbabweans still respect mr mugabe. we don't blame the president, but we blame the criminal surrounding him, the ones who are making the situation very bad. back here in harare, some of president mugabe's oldest rivals now fear he will dig his heels in and play for time. in the interests of the people of zimbabwe, mr robert mugabe must resign, step down immediately in line with the national assembly expectation. and so for now the nation waits and wonders if and when zimbabwe's smiling prisoner will accept defeat. andrew harding, bbc news, harare. let's take a look at some of the day's other news.
united nations secretary general antonio guterres has called the rohinya population in myanmar "probably the most discriminated population" he's ever seen in the world. he made the comments in an interview with bbc world news, where he also outlined the steps that should be taken to aid the refugees who are now in bangladesh. the ringing the population is probably the most discriminated population have ever seen in the world. they are stateless, they have no rights, they can't move without permission from the authorities, access to education and health is minimal, xtree poverty. they can't marry without permission of the government so marry without permission of the government so you marry without permission of the government so you can imagine how discriminated this population was. then during the that occurred a few yea rs then during the that occurred a few years ago there were clear double standards. the buddhist population,
that was displaced, was authorised to go back. it is absolutely essential to stop all violence. it is absolutely 3"a is absolutely essential. to allow. ,, w- é.“ all f 7—7 is absolutely essentisl ts sllswl w 777 é.“ all this is absolutely essential to allows ,, we 2." all the areas humanitarian access to all the areas affected and most important of all, because now we have 600,000 in bangladesh, it is essential to guarantee that they can come home in safety, in dignity, voluntarily, and to their places of origin and this requires a massive effort of reconciliation because... and the consequences of this brutal violence that took place against the rohingya is something that has created panic and fear. it is absolutely crucial to keep the pressure on myanmar in order to make sure that these conditions that i mentioned are indeed implemented. also making news today: conservation groups in the us have sharply criticised a decision by president trump to allow trophy hunters who kill elephants in zambia
and zimbabwe to bring home the animals' tusks or other body parts. the move reverses a ban that was put in place during the 0bama administration. populations of african elephants are plummeting, but supporters of hunting say it can generate income to help fund conservation. president trump's proposed tax reforms have received a big boost after being passed comfortably by the us house of representatives. the bill now goes to the senate. mr trump visited congress to urge republicans to vote for the measures. the democrats say the reforms will only benefit businesses and the rich. ajudge in belgium will begin considering on friday whether to extradite the former catalan president carles puigdemont to spain. under the european arrest warrant system, spain says he must be returned to face charges of sedition and corruption following catalonia's bid for independence.
commuter trains left the station 20 seconds early, in a statement tskuba express gave its "deepest apologies" for the early running, saying the driver failed to check the time. saudi arabia has denied that it's imposed a blockade on yemen, where millions of people are facing famine. the saudi foreign minister has told the bbc that the blame for the crisis lies with rebel groups in yemen. the un says that thousands of civilians will die unless aid is allowed into the country. the saudis have now cut off access to the international airport and to major red sea ports, including al hudaydah, to try to block supplies to the rebels.
0ur chief international correspondent lyse doucet reports. yemen, the world's worst humanitarian crisis. now on the brink of an even greater catastrophe. ten days ago, all its air and sea ports were shut by neighbouring saudi arabia. and now the un is warning untold thousands of innocent victims will die if age doesn't enter now. today in riyadh, i sat down with the saudi foreign minister. the united kingdom and your other allies have called for the immediate resumption of un aid flights to yemen, and the opening of the port. we said these measures are temporary in order to make sure we that have mechanisms to prevent the smuggling of weapons and missiles that can be launched in saudi arabia from yemen. within a matter of days
we reopened the ports. the un has said every day is one day too long, they need the main red sea port opened immediately. i think the issue of al hudaydah, the houthis destroyed the cranes at the port of al hudaydah. they steal the humanitarian assistance and proceed to sell it to fund their war machine. and the war reached riyadh on november 4th. houthi rebels fired this long—range ballistic missile, intercepted over the international airport. saudi arabia called it an act of war, accusing iran of smuggling the missile through hudaydah. they say no aid will enter this port until the un controls it. what would you do if a ballistic missile hit london heathrow airport? wouldn't you take precautions to protect your people? we've had more than 70 ballistic missiles launched at our country. with all due respect, the un has said all sides are guilty here for causing the deaths
of civilians, but the overwhelming majority are because of the bombardment by the saudi led coalition. my bbc colleagues were in yemen this week and saw the results of the saudi led coalition bombardment. are more steps going to be taken to protect civilians? we've taken steps. where there are complaints we investigate and make amends. this is something the houthis don't do. with respect to the statistics people are putting out, we have consistently and repeatedly said we take issue with the way the statistics were gathered and with the way the statistics were complied. it sounds like this is going to go on for a very long time, and with great human cost. we hope not. but we can't allow a radical militia that is an instrument of iran to take over yemen. a strategically important country that is neighbouring to saudi arabia, and...and launch ballistic missiles at us. this is not going to happen,
we've said this from day one. from day one, yemen has been a pawn in this brutal proxy war. only a political solution will end this. but with every day, its people keep paying a heavy price. lyse doucet, bbc news, riyadh. the rainforest of sumatra in indonesia is home to one of asia's last nomadic tribes, the 0rang rimba, "the people of the jungle". the state does not recognise their faith, nor their land rights. now their forests are being cleared at one of the fastest rates in the world, forcing them to make difficult decisions. 0ur indonesia correspondent rebecca henschke travelled to sumatra for this report. this hunt today like most days has found no animals. the forest is gone. not long ago this was the grainfor us to. gone. not long ago this was the grain for us to. hunting ground for the 0rang rimba, but it has recently
been cleared to make way for palm oil, making it very difficult to live here. translation: if we can't find anything we are forced to eat palm oilfruit. it nearly find anything we are forced to eat palm oil fruit. it nearly kills the children. indonesia is now the world's largest exporter of palm oil. in the last 30 years more than half of sumatra's forest has been cleared for plantations. the 0rang rimba are now on someone else's private land. translation: they say, quickly get off our land. you dirty. it's horrible. this was all forest before. it was hunting loud —— hunting land. with rising social tensions the state is now pushing the 0rang rimba to assimilate, moving them into state housing and telling them to convert to one of
the six official religions. translation: they now have proper sanitation, so they have to days and on their identity cards they have to state what religion they practise, so they have found god and are getting to know god. after losing their forest, this tribe converted en masse to islam and now this man is here to make sure the new faith is here to make sure the new faith is practised. translation: children are easy. we can teach them how to read the koran. their memory or mind isn't disturbed by other things. their minds are pure. with the older ones it is hard. the space for the 0rang rimba is shrinking, but this man says he will never convert all leave the forest. if the forest is gone, desolation and disaster will
come and we will not survive. the plantations are edging closer to his jungle home. you can watch the full documentary on this story, fighting for their forest faith. it's on bbc world news on saturday the 18th of november at 09:30 and 20:30 gmt and sunday the 19th of november at 02:30 and 15:30 gmt. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the strange beauty of desolation. we'll talk to the australian photographer behind these arresting images. benazir bhutto has claimed victory
in the general election. jackson has been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to the police in santa barbara. it was the biggest demonstration so far of the fast—growing european antinuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it is opening the country's remaining whites only beaches to everyone. this will lead to a black majority in this country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze which has caused millions of pounds worth of damage. welcome back.
this is newsday on the bbc. our top stories: zimbabwean president robert mugabe remains under house arrest, but holds talks with a military general and south african mediators. the un secretary general has told the bbc he considers myanmar‘s rohingya minority to be the most discriminated against people on earth. let us look at some front pages from around the world. south china morning post reports on a repercussion in hong kong for the potential military takeover of government in zimbabwe. the paper says even if robert mugabe is removed from office, the new zimbabwe government can pursue a case that mugabe lodged over a hong kong villa worth over $5 million. like many other newspapers around the world, the front page of the japan times is also dominated by a photo of da vinci's saviour of the world.
the 500—year—old painting ofjesus christ was sold for a record $450 million, the highest price for any art work ever. the international edition of the new york times has a story relating to research on the secrets of long life. a non—profit organisation called betterhumans is publishing genome details of three dozen people who had lived over 110 years, so that anyone can dive in and unlock the genetic secrets behind their long lives. it's not something you might expect a professional photographer to want to capture, but desolation has a certain beauty in the eyes of some people. these pictures of an abandoned roller coaster are among scenes of desolation injapan which have been captured by australian photographer shane thoms. hejoins us like an hourfrom
melbourne, australia. thank you so much tojoining us melbourne, australia. thank you so much to joining us this morning. melbourne, australia. thank you so much tojoining us this morning. i have to say, i grew up injapan, i never really made an effort to visit there. what made you go there in the first place? i have always been interested in abandoned buildings and abandoned places. it harks back toa and abandoned places. it harks back to a curious fascination that i had with the macabre and horror movies asa kid. with the macabre and horror movies as a kid. i wanted to mirror these environments through photography. getting to japan, i have always had a love affair with japan. ita voice of japanese culture. as a a love affair with japan. ita voice ofjapanese culture. as a foreigner, i have wanted to get underneath that gleaming surface and find some beauty in another way. i wanted to get into the guts ofjapan. it is a
country and a culture that flows and functions so well. i wanted to get beneath that. and to do a little bit of in—depth exploration. also when you are travelling at 300 kilometres per hour and you are looking out the window, you will see a shack. what is going on inside that abandoned shack? is quite interesting. that led me my journey. aca lot of japanese cultural collections behind you. idid japanese cultural collections behind you. i did not know this, but this haikyoist, it has become a trend. we did it really take off? it sort of took off, social media, instagram, hashtag in, 2012 it started to really ta ke hashtag in, 2012 it started to really take off, people's were got a lot of exposure and people would see the work and they wanted to do it themselves. it is something they can do. one thing to remember is that japan was a new country, i guess,
after world war two, so this is really the first time we see this new country, the country's ruins. it isa new country, the country's ruins. it is a new wave of ruins that have happened is post—world war ii. most of the ruins that we explore up from the 1970s onwards. we do have a few hospitals from 1912— 1926. we do explore those will stop most of them from 1970s onwards. we have been showing your pictures to our viewers. many of them are really striking. which one would you say is your favourite? i would say my favourite image would have to be the dreamland. you would see there is a rollercoaster engulfed in these beautiful labs. the theme park was demolished in 2016 last year. that
was a playground for haikyoists. that image means a lot to me. it is where we used to play, where we would meet up. that is probably the most special image i guess i have. thank you so much are joining most special image i guess i have. thank you so much arejoining us most special image i guess i have. thank you so much are joining us and sharing your pictures with our viewers. the biggest archaeological museum in the world is due to open next march, near the pyramids at giza on the outskirts of cairo. the grand egyptian museum will be home to the complete contents of the tomb of king tutankhamun, which are being brought together for the first time. and it's hoped the new museum will deliver a desperately needed boost for the egyptian tourist industry, as our middle east correspondent orla guerin reports. in the shadow of the pyramids, egypt is crafting a new home for the treasures of the past. the grand egyptian museum will showcase more than 100,000 a rtefa cts . precious cargo has been arriving, slowly and carefully,
packed for protection against heat and vibrations. this crate holds a gilded funerary bed from the collection of king tutankhamun. over the past three years more than 40,000 objects have been transferred here. but when the museum opens the star attractions are going to be items like this, connected with the boy king, and the entire contents of his tomb is being transported here. here we have bows from the tomb of tutankhamun. it's a fantastic puzzle work that our colleague is doing here. priceless relics are being restored in a climate controlled laboratory on site. the museum director, doctor tarek tawfiq, gave us a sneak preview of exhibits that are being returned to theirformer glory. this is the way it was displayed until now.
and our young, talented staff, was able to rebuild these sandals, and to show new details at turn them into a new attraction. and there will be more than 3000 new attractions from the tutankhamun collection on show for the very first time. they will give insights about the lifestyle of tutankhamun. his footwear, his garments, his weaponry, his shields, objects that he used in daily life, one will see tutankhamun in a totally new light. the artefacts here are getting the kid glove treatment, but it hasn't always been like this. not even for tutankhamun's golden death mask, damaged by maintenance staff at the museum in tarry a square. after knocking off the beard, they glued it back on crudely.
it took german experts two months to repair it. but so far the transfers to the new museum have gone smoothly. ancient masterpieces unveiled on camera just to prove it. egyptian officials say it's as if their ancestors are helping out, and beckoning the tourists. orla guerin, bbc news, cairo. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. i'll be back with business news. we are monitoring tesla's new creation. and we will be meeting one man who quit hisjob at and we will be meeting one man who quit his job at google to sell from his living room. a cold night out there and frost on
the way first thing on friday morning you might even have to scrape your car windows. the good news is that the weather is looking good. lots of sunshine around. lots of clear, crisp autumn weather on the way. on thursday we saw a cold front moving across the uk and behind the cold front we have colder airand that behind the cold front we have colder air and that coal is in place right across the country right now. through because of the night these have cleared the cold front out on the continent there. temperatures in towns and cities around three degrees. in rural spots it could be as low as minus four celsius just before sunrise. really chilly nights out there. the cold nights won't last for very long. we have some slightly milder weather on the way. more on that in just a second. this is what it looks like around eight o'clock in the morning on friday. a slightly different story in scotland. not quite the sunny skies. plenty of showers around in the
western isles and the north of scotland. across northern ireland, wales, and much of england it is a crisp start to be date. you can see the vardy centre temperatures around 2- the vardy centre temperatures around 2— three degrees. even three degrees in the centre of london, which is pretty nippy and fog exeter at eight o'clock in the morning. people mourning. quite a wind blowing across scotland and particularly the far north, even touching gale force at times. showers moving in. some of the showers will be wintry, particularly across the hills. a polarair particularly across the hills. a polar air mass from the northern climes. temperatures will get up to only about degrees for most of us. that is briefly. earlier in the day it will be lower than that. it looks like we are in for another clear and cold friday night. that will not last for very long. there is some cloud and light rain heading our way. saturday morning looks like it
will be cloudy across many parts of england and wales, particularly in the south. by the time we get to about lunchtime those clouds will start to break up and there will be some sunshine on the way. saturday, particularly, is looking a little bit mixed. sunday we are between weather systems. one weather system in the baltic and one in the atlantic. we are in a weak area of high pressure. there will be some sunshine around, particularly in eastern areas. there is a late in the atlantic heading our way and the anticipation is that there will be cloud and rain spinning into some western and south—western areas are little bit later on on sunday. as i said, the cold air will not last my guest today, renzo piano, is the architect of that building. the london shard. renzo is one of the world's most accomplished and fated architects,