i'm babita sharma in london. the headlines. robert mugabe, defies pressure and refuses to quit as the president of zimbabwe. but mr mugabe has been sacked by his party — and he now faces impeachment. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore, also in the programme. the international hunt for an argentine submarine, missing with more than a0 crew, and we look at singapore's display of impressionist art — asian style. live from our studios in london and singapore! this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's midnight here in london, 8am in singapore and 2am in zimbabwe, where president robert mugabe has defied all expectation and refused to resign. the stage was set in
front of tv cameras. the generals who'd detained him, lined up alongside. but mr mugabe, in power for 37 years, was reading from a different script. and though he acknowledged the grievances of his party — who earlier had sacked him — there was no final farewell — for now at least. here's our africa editor, fergal keane. the very music seemed designed to drain any drama out of the moment. and perhaps the geniality of the encounter was a giveaway. robert mugabe did not look like a man about to walk into the wilderness and his words delivered 15 minutes into a rambling address confirmed that he intended to stay as leader of the country and party at least until the party congress in december. the congress is due in a few weeks from now. i will preside over its processes which must not be repossessed
by any axe calculated to undermine it or to compromise the outcome in the eyes of the public. he praised the military and acknowledge the crisis in his country and party. the way forward thus cannot be based on swapping lying clicks that ride roughshod over party rules and procedures. there has to be a net return to the guiding principles of our party as enshrined in its constitution. this appearance has shocked the people of zimbabwe who were prepared to
witness his resignation. i think we are being played. i feel let down, by now we should have had a result, but it is like we are back to square one. there are big questions now, how can robert mugabe preside over a party which today removed him from the leadership? once loyal supporters met to warn that he would be impeached by parliament if he did not step down from the presidency by midday tomorrow. tonight's non—resignation does not change the feeling of the party and it does not remove the bitterness against his wife grace mugabe and her friends. it has to be over now? yes. enough is enough. the people of zimbabwe have shown in numbers that they are fed up with this dynasty and a new era is beginning. this is the moment when robert mugabe lost power in his own party, the party he dominated for so long and has now been replaced as party
leader by a man who was one of his closest allies for decades. the new leader emmerson mnangagwa is known as the crocodile. celebrated for his ruthless cunning. when he gets his prey...! he may have agreed to pause, but he is unlikely to stop until he ousts his old comrades. on the streets of harare the people of the presidency to occupy a different nation. here praying for reconciliation and healing. they have already started to move beyond the trauma of the age of mugabe. in a moment we'll hear from dr alex magaisa — a writer on zimbabwean law and politics, who helped draft the country's constitution.
foreign ministers from asia and europe have visited refugee camps in bangladesh and met rohingya muslims who escaped violence in neighbouring myanmar. the eu's foreign policy chief, federica mogherini, said she will discuss ways to end the crisis with myanmar‘s leader aung san suu kyi on monday. ms suu kyi will give a speech in the next few hours and is expected to talk about the crisis. ms mogherini said myanmar needs support to find a resolution. more than putting pressure, i would say that it is our approach, which has always been and will continue to be to offer a negotiating space, encourage the taking care of the situation, that is not going to disappear. so it is, i think, a responsibility of the authorities to find solutions, and again, the international community has indicated some of the solutions,
especially the kofi annan plan that aung san suu kyi has committed to implement, and we are there to support her in doing this. also this hour — china's special envoy to north korea has been in the country for a meeting with a member of the government's political bureau. song tao was in north korea in february last year. the announcement comes a week after president trump visited beijing where he urged stronger action on pyongyang. talks to form a three party coalition in germany have broken down after a key centrist party, the fdp, pulled out. if they refuse to rejoin the talks, chancellor angela merkel will have to form a minority coalition with the greens or hold fresh elections. the free democrats said they could not establish a foundation of trust with mrs merkel‘s conservative christian democrats. preliminary results in chile's presidential vote indicate it will to go to a second round. favourite sebastian pinera, a conservative billionaire and former president, failed to win outright as expected. socialist candidate
alejandro guillier is in second place, and a third party frente amplio has taken an unexpectedly high number of votes. around 30,000 runners braved delhi's smog to take part in the city's half marathon, despite health warnings and calls from doctors for the race to be be postponed. some runners did what they could to protect themselves out on the course, but even so, some of them complained of burning eyes, and a dry throat. however, delhi's pollution is now much lower than the dangerous levels earlier this month. tsunami waves have been detected in vanuatu. the pacific warning centre says that waves of one metre are forecast to hit new cone don'tia and
smaller waves expected in vanuatu. snowfall has hit parts of china, as a cold wave spread across parts of the country. in the southwest, people visited the snow covered mountains and trees of tianzicheng national forest park. the cold is expected to continue in the area for more days still, with more snow hitting high—altitude areas. let's return to zimbabwe where president mugabe's televised address has left many people baffled and confused. thousands of people took to the streets of harare at the weekend in support of the army's actions against him. shingai nyoka has been speaking to residents of the city to get their reaction to mr mugabe's refusal to resign. they came to listen to what president mugabe had to say. after a
meeting with army generals responsible for a takeover earlier last week, they had expected to hear his resignation speech. at this bar, they waited and waited to be told by president mugabe in a stumbling address... all this now has done... that he was going nowhere. he does not speak for our interests. he only speaks for his personal interests, and his family. so, why are you so disappointed? we are suffering. we are suffering. we have had enough of suffering. we need him to change his mind. we need him to resign. he didn't actually say he's resigning or anything, so we're still waiting. the people marched yesterday. they expressed their views. i'm a young lawyer in zimbabwe. i will practice law, i've been practising for the past three years. it's pathetic. the country has gone to the dogs. the
consummate politician appears, at least for the moment, and on the surface, to have negotiated a deal on his own terms. this is not the announcement that some zimbabweans we re announcement that some zimbabweans were waiting for. robert mugabe is still the president and it's not clear whether parliament will now begin impeachment process. people here today were expecting to hear the resignation they have demanded, but those hopes have been dashed. the wild celebrations we have seen on the streets stand in stark contrast to the sombre mood in harare tonight. earlier i spoke to dr alex magaisa — a lecturer in law at the university of kent and a former adviser to zimbabwe's opposition leader, morgan tsvangirai. he gave his reaction to president mugabe's refusal to quit. i think it has come as a shock to
most people. i've spoken to many people in zimbabwe. they are deflated. there were high expectations that perhaps this would be the beginning of an era without robert mugabe as leader. but he's dug in. he's continuing to cling on to power, despite the polls against him. what did you make of the scene of the generals lining up alongside president mugabe. clearly they thought they had the upper hand here, but it's clearly backfired on them. what's your reaction to that? most people thought that after so many opportunities of trying to get rid of mugabe through the election, and that finally, the military had stepped in and they could use their power, i think it would even cause more people to be des respondent. it was surprising to —— despondant. maybe there's something that we don't know. i suspect that perhaps they covered up a deal that allows
him to lead as if he's leading on his own terms. and perhaps after the zanu—pf congress, mr mugabe will be exiting the political stage. how do you think opinion is split about robert mugabe? because we saw there in parliament that some people were cheering and clapping, yet protesters on the streets were calling for him to step down. 0thers saying that they were in support of him. what's your assessment of the situation? we know yesterday what we saw with the huge numbers of people protesting against mr mugabe, that was a convergence of people's opinions and people were all different backgrounds. they want mr mugabe gone for many different reasons. but what we are also seeing now is the politicians in zanu—pf, and the military general, perhaps there are different ways to view this thing. because today we had two
com pletely this thing. because today we had two completely different outcomes much the outcomes from the politicians inside is that mr mugabe must go. but the outcome from the military generals is that mr mugabe stays. so it is obviously a problem. it is something that has been going on. mr mugabe is a man who digs in, he fights. in some ways, after reflection, we shouldn't be surprised that he's still hanging on. that was alex magisa earlier. five countries are involved in a huge airand sea five countries are involved in a huge air and sea search to try to find an argentine submarine. the sanjuan has been missing since wednesday, with 44 crew on board. contact was lost as it returned from a routine mission near the southern—most tip of south america, but signals are being detected which may provide clues to its location. dan johnson reports.
this is a vessel designed to play hide and seek in the deepest depths. so finding the sanjuan, its crew and the 22 torpedoes it carries is a real challenge. fresh satellite signals, albeit weak ones, have revived hopes of rescue. seven call attempts have been received, says the navy spokesman, but they were incomplete and need to be checked to pinpoint the location. he stressed that they are making every effort to find the submarine, searching the open ocean and the sea bed. this is now an international effort. the us navy has flown in deep—sea rescue equipment. and hms protector, the royal navy's antarctic patrol ship, has been diverted to help scan beneath the waves of the south atlantic ocean. the sanjuan left the southern port of ushuaia last monday, after a routine mission. it was making the 2,000—mile journey back to its base in mar del plata, not far from argentina's capital.
the search is focused around halfway, in the sanjorge gulf, where the submarine last made contact on wednesday. one of the 44 crew members is argentina's first female submariner. the best hope of finding her and her crew mates alive is that a power failure knocked out the submarine's communications. six countries are now hunting for the san juan, but it's lost in a huge area of ocean and bad weather is making a difficultjob even harder. dan johnson, bbc news. you are from a loo with a view to the world's quirkiest toilet. lift the lid on the international tourism toilet awards. also on the programme, we visit the singapore exhibition bringing together european artists and their asian contemporary. benazir bhutto has claimed victory
in pakistan's general election. she has asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson has been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest demonstration so far of the fast—growing european anti—nuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it's opening the country's remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black—majority government in this country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, which has caused millions of pounds' worth of damage.
this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories. clinging on to power. zimbabwe's president mugabe refuses to bow to pressure and resign. he now faces impeachment. underwater rescue equipment from the united states arrives in argentina to help in the search for a missing submarine. the argentine navy vessel disappeared four days in the south atlantic with 44 crew on board. the actor and singer, david cassidy, remains in hospital in florida after suffering multiple organ failure. a spokesman for the 67—year—old, who rose to fame in the 1970s sitcom the partridge family, said he is conscious and surrounded by his family. more on that story at bbc.com. let's have a look at the headlines in the morning's newspapers.
we start with china daily — which leads on a joint military exercise between chinese and us rescue teams. but the article about singles day caught our eye — the phenomenal amount of money spent just over a week ago. 0nline retailers took an average of a billion dollars each hour on november the 11th. the south china morning post leads on proposed reforms to the hong kong education system. it also looks at a three point plan which china's foreign ministry has put forward to help resolve the rohingya migrant crisis in myanmar. and the japan times carries a story from america's military top from president trump to launch a nuclear attack. and the front page picture shows the beautiful foliage of a one
thousand year old japanese gingko tree. it's grown so big, its trunk has a circumference of 22 metres! now to a topic that many people in developed countries would take for granted — toilets and the need for better sanitation. today, billions of people still live without a household toilet that safely disposes of their waste. the un calls it a global sanitation crisis that is spreading killer diseases and undermining progress in health and child survival. but having clean toilets can have economic benefits too by boosting tourism. earlier i spoke to bronwyn white — co—founder of mytravelresearch. com — a tourism industry research consultancy and the organiser of the toilet awards. the awards are all about
highlighting toilets and specifically, clean toilets with really easy access. we found in a lot of research we were doing over the years, in both leisure and business, toilets was something that it unites us all. we are all looking for a clean toilet. and we came across world toilet day and thought there was a strong connection between travellers travelling to third world countries, noticing how terrible some of the toilets are in some of these third world countries and we decided to come up with the world toilet tourism awards. we have a toilet into warm but in australia which has won the quirkiest toilet experience. you also have to cliffhanger toilet. some of the
pictures are coming up on the screen. this is a serious issue. it is politically charged in countries like india for instance. closer to home or where you are in australia, it is also a particular concern. home or where you are in australia, it is also a particular concernm is. to be honest, i was really shocked, world toilet day is all about raising awareness of sanitation in third world countries but we came across a similar situation happening right here on our doorstep in australia with the indigenous communities, girls not having access to clean toilets, clea n water having access to clean toilets, clean water and rubbish bins. 0nce having access to clean toilets, clean water and rubbish bins. once a month when they get their period. so they skipped school altogether. i was quite ashamed of this situation, to be honest and thought, wow, this is happening in our own backyard in australia. and that is right and the united nations has designated world toilet day, essentially, to highlight some of these issues. tell
us highlight some of these issues. tell usa highlight some of these issues. tell us a little battered at the linkages and how you are holding these awards and how you are holding these awards and what the reception has been to the awards. —— tell us a little bit about. the reception has been positive because going to the toilet is one thing that completely unites absolutely every single human being. we all have the need to go to the toilet and when we came up with the awards, we really wanted to link it to the united nations world toilet date because we also felt strongly about the issues that it highlights itself in terms of sanitation and particularly girls not having access to sanitation which means they are missing out on school and that sort of thing. though, ourwinner missing out on school and that sort of thing. though, our winner every year, from now on, we'll get to contribute $2000 in their own company name to any united nations war to charity of their choosing. a new exhibition has opened at singapore's national gallery that focuses on artists of the 19th century, from two separate — but overlapping — parts of the world.
called ‘century of light', the show features many impressionist classics on loan from paris, alongside works by two of asia's most successful painters. mat morrison went to take a look. western—style but by an asian hand. this is the works from the philippines and indonesia, now on display in singapore's make national gallery. jono both of them were trained in their respective countries before travelling to europe. —— both of them were trained in their respective countries. this was the first time an artist from the colonies achieved the same status. lunar's work put their colonial relationship in a retro roman motif with spain leading the way upa
roman motif with spain leading the way up a grand staircase to the future. london —— ryden saleh. even as their asian contemporary is enjoyed a degree of success in europe, some expressionist painters had trouble finding an audience at home. this painting from claude monet was reject it in 1869 today, impressionist works are as popular as ever and especially if you are in asia. we can see it in the japanese bridge. this man helped bring about 60 paintings. you don't really need important knowledge of classical european culture. just nature and
just people. they could connect with some parts of asian philosophy. taken together, the two exhibitions represent and east meets west, meets east again but of course, some things are universal. stunning paintings. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. we'll be looking at why singapore is training young gamers to go professional. we will leave you with these beautiful early—morning skies we will leave you with these beautiful ea rly—morning skies above mexico where hundreds of hotair balloons attracted hundreds of visitors to be international balloon festival. we will be back. it is safe to say there is a lot of
weather to come in the week ahead. low pressure after low pressure will be coming in from the atlantic. this is how we are starting the week. a bit of snow to the scottish hills but mild air will be pushing in across much of the uk for a time this week because it looks like this will be pushed away by colder air by the end of the week. this is how we start off on monday, some snow the hills in northern scotland so some slushy roads will stop the higher level routes. a lot of rain elsewhere in scotland to begin with and a lot of cloud across the uk. still chilly in northern land. we will see the rain and the snow tending to weasel out as we go through the morning in scotland and some outbreaks of rain. a huge amount of clout but not rain. damp and drizzly in places but what we will notice the most is how mild
it is compared with recent mornings. starting the day across much of wales, the midlands and south—west england, two bridges in two double figures. milder air moving england, two bridges in two double figures. milderair moving in england, two bridges in two double figures. milder air moving in but it is doing so with more clout. —— temperatures. i'd pressed to find much of sunshine at all on monday. just a few bright breaks to the east of high ground. 0utbreaks just a few bright breaks to the east of high ground. outbreaks of rain fizzling out but patchy, might rain still around into the afternoon in some spots. double—figure temperatures even into southernmost parts of scotland but elsewhere in scotland, still single figures for another day. still chilly feel especially the further north you are. on through monday night and into tuesday morning. another spell of rain through northern ireland and into scotland but any snow on the hills attending back to reign as we do ten things at the milder here eventually as we go on in to tuesday. —— rain. it looks pretty wet on tuesday. to the east of it, before any of it
gets in, tim bridges very mild and a few spots reaching into the mid teens for the wild. —— temperatures. you can see, low pressure systems are queueing up some wetter and windy weather for a time but we are expecting things to turn cold again by the end of the week. the milder feel may just be by the end of the week. the milder feel mayjust be brief, rain at times and a bit of snow, especially on the hills at scotland. 0ften windy at times and the colder winter by the end of the week. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news: our top story. the zimbabwean leader robert mugabe says he will stay in office, despite intervention against him by the military. flanked by generals during a live television address, he said his authority had not been undermined. earlier, his zanu—pf party sacked him as leader and there are now calls for him to be impeached.
ships from five countries have joined the argentinian navy as it searches for a missing submarine. 44 people are on board the sanjuan, which was last heard from on wednesday. and this video is trending on bbc.com more than 30,000 people have run the delhi half marathon, ignoring health warnings about the air quality. though it wasn't as bad as the smog the city experienced earlier in the month. stay with bbc world news. now on bbc news it's time for extra time.