welcome to newsday. i'm babita sharma in london. the headlines: robert mugabe defies pressure and refuses to quit as the president of zimbabwe. but mr mugabe has been sacked by his party — and he now faces impeachment. and i am sharanjit leyl in singapore. also in the programme: the us navy sends special tracking equipment to help in the hunt for an argentine submarine. and we look at singapore's display of impressionist art — asian style. good morning and welcome to the programme. it's iam here in london, 8am in singapore and 3am in zimbabwe, where president robert mugabe has defied all expectation and refused to resign.
the stage was set in front of tv cameras. the generals who'd detained him lined up alongside. but mr mugabe — in powerfor 37 years — was reading from a different script. and though he acknowledged the grievances of his party who earlier had sacked him, there was no final farewell — for now at least. here's our africa editor, fergal keane. the very music seemed designed to drain any drama out of the moment. and perhaps the geniality of the encounter was a giveaway. robert mugabe did not look like a man about to walk into the wilderness and his words delivered 15 minutes into a rambling address confirmed that he intended to stay as leader of the country and party at least until the party congress in december. the congress is due in a few weeks from now. i will preside over its processes which must not be repossessed
by any axe calculated to undermine it or to compromise the outcome in the eyes of the public. he praised the military and acknowledge the crisis in his country and party. the way forward thus cannot be based on swapping lying clicks that ride roughshod over party rules and procedures. there has to be a net return to the guiding principles of our party as enshrined in its constitution. this appearance has shocked the people of zimbabwe who were prepared to witness his resignation. i think we are being played.
i feel let down, by now we should have had a result, but it is like we are back to square one. there are big questions now, how can robert mugabe preside over a party which today removed him from the leadership? once loyal supporters met to warn that he would be impeached by parliament if he did not step down from the presidency by midday tomorrow. tonight's non—resignation does not change the feeling of the party and it does not remove the bitterness against his wife grace mugabe and her friends. it has to be over now? oh, yes. it is over. what he did is enough. enough is enough. the people of zimbabwe have shown in numbers that they are fed up with this dynasty and a new era is beginning. look at my back.
this is the moment when robert mugabe lost power in his own party, the party he dominated for so long and has now been replaced as party leader by a man who was one of his closest allies for decades. the new leader emmerson mnangagwa is known as the crocodile. celebrated for his ruthless cunning. when he gets his prey... he may have agreed to pause, but he is unlikely to stop until he ousts his old comrades. on the streets of harare, the people of the president seem to occupy a different nation. here praying for reconciliation and healing. they have already started to move beyond the trauma of the age of mugabe. that was our africa editor, fergal keane. soon we will hear from a writer who
helped draft the country's constitution. that is coming up later. our other top story: foreign ministers from asia and europe have visited refugee camps in bangladesh and met rohingya muslims who escaped violence in neighbouring myanmar. the eu's foreign policy chief — who you see here — federica mogherini, said she will discuss ways to end the crisis with myanmar‘s leader aung san suu kyi on monday. ms suu kyi will give a speech in the next few hours and is expected to talk about the crisis. ms mogherini said myanmar needs support to find a resolution. so more than put the pressure, i would say that our approach has a lwa ys would say that our approach has always been and will continue to be to offer a negotiating space, encourage the taking care of the situation that is not go to disappear. so it is, i think, the responsibility of the authorities to find solutions. and it international
community has indicated to me the solutions. i think su kyi as committed to implement them and we are here to support her doing it. china's special envoy to north korea has been in the country for a meeting with a member of the government's political bureau. song tao was in north korea in february last year. the announcement comes a week after president trump visited beijing where he urged stronger action on pyongyang. talks to form a three party coalition in germany have broken down after a key centrist party, the fdp, pulled out. if they refuse to rejoin the talks, chancellor angela merkel will have to form a minority coalition with the greens or hold fresh elections. the free democrats said they could not establish a foundation of trust with mrs merkel‘s conservative christian democrats. 15 people, including several women, have died in a stampede at a market in morocco, where they'd gathered for a handout of food aid. the accident happened in the town of sidi boulaalam, near the coastal tourist resort of essaouira. it is not clear what triggered a
stampede. molleker‘s agricultural output has suffered from drought, which has pushed up food prices. —— morocco's. results in chile's presidential vote indicate it will to go to a second round. favourite sebastian pinera, a conservative billionaire and former president, will take on socialist candidate alejandro guillier in a run off next month. tsunami waves have been detected in new caledonia and ben white to after an earthquake struck near the pacific islands. —— tsunami waves have been detected in new caledonia and vanuatu after a magnitude 7 earthquake struck between the pacific islands.
the tsunami warning center says waves as high as one metre above the high—tide mark are forecast to hit new caledonia and smaller waves are expected in vanuatu. around 30,000 runners braved delhi's smog to take part in the city's half marathon, despite health warnings and calls from doctors for the race to be be postponed. some runners did what they could to protect themselves out on the course — but even so, some of them complained of burning eyes, and a dry throat. however, delhi's pollution is now much lower than the dangerous levels earlier this month. the air race 0ne world titles have taken place in thailand. the race sees light planes racing around a course with up to eight pilots speeding along an oval circuit of eight laps. the planes can reach around a50 kilometres an hour, with pilots flying just metres above the ground. this year, american tim cone won the title in a late surge in a grove—winged cassutt racer, named what airplane honey. take a look at this. it looks cold, doesn't it? this is snowballed that has hit parts of china as a cold wave spread has hit parts of china as a cold wave spread across has hit parts of china as a cold wave spread across parts of the country. ——. —— snowfall.
in the southwest, people visited the snow covered mountains and trees of tianzicheng national forest park. the cold is expected to continue in the area for more days still, with more snow hitting high—altitude areas. let's return to zimbabwe, where president mugabe's televised address has left many people baffled and confused. thousands of people took to the streets of harare at the weekend in support of the army's actions against him. shingai nyoka has been speaking to residents of the city to get their reaction to mr mugabe's refusal to resign. we must learn to forgive... they came to listen to what president mugabe had to say. after a meeting with army generals responsible for a takeover earlier last week, they had expected to hear his resignation speech. at this bar, they waited and waited to be told by president mugabe in a stumbling address... all this now has done... ..that he was going nowhere. he does not speak for our interests. he only speaks for his
personal interests, and his family. so, why are you so disappointed? we are suffering. we have had enough of suffering. we need him — we need him to change his mind. we need him to resign. he didn't actually say he's resigning or anything, so we're still waiting. the people marched yesterday. they expressed their views. i'm a young lawyer in zimbabwe. i will practice law, i've been practising for the past three years. it's pathetic. the country has gone to the dogs. the consummate politician appears, at least for the moment, and on the surface, to have negotiated a deal on his own terms. this is not the announcement that some zimbabweans were waiting for. robert mugabe is still the president and it's not clear whether parliament will now begin impeachment process. people here today were expecting to hear the resignation they have demanded, but those hopes have been dashed. the wild celebrations we have seen on the streets stand in stark
contrast to the sombre mood in harare tonight. earlier, i spoke to dr alex magaisa, a lecturer in law at the university of kent, and a former adviser to zimbabwe's opposition leader, morgan tsvangirai. he gave his reaction to president mugabe's refusal to quit. well, i think it has come as a shock to most people. i've spoken to many people in zimbabwe. the higher expectations that perhaps this would be the beginning of an era without robert mugabe as leader, but he has dug in, he is continuing to cling on to power, despite the moves against him. what did you make of that scene of the generals lining up alongside robert mugabe? leveque are they had the upper hand, but it is almost
backfired on them. what is your reaction? you know, most people from that— others are many opportunities to try and get rid of robert mugabe through the elections, and finally the military had to step in, and use their power. i think it caused even more people to be disappointed. it was surprising to note that he obviously pleased to have outwitted them. i suspect that they have made a deal which allows him to leave as if he's leaning on his own terms. and hopefully, mr bernardi will enter the political stage. -- robert mugabe will exit the little say. some people are cheering and clapping, calling for him to step down. 0thers clapping, calling for him to step down. others said they are in
support of them. what is your assessment of the situation? well, you know, yesterday, we saw with the huge number of people protesting against robert mugabe, people from all different backgrounds want him gone for various reasons. but what we are seeing gone for various reasons. but what we are seeing now gone for various reasons. but what we are seeing now is zanu—pf and the military generals, perhaps there are different ways in which they are viewing this thing. because today we had to completely different outcomes. from the zanu—pf side is that robert mugabe needs to go. but the military wanted to say. so we do not know what has been going on behind the scenes. robert mugabe is a man who will dig in and fight. he has that history and in some ways we
shouldn't be surprised that he is still hanging on. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come in the programme: as the us navy arrives in argentina to help hunt for a missing submarine, we'll get the latest from our latin america editor. also had a in the programme, we visit the singapore exhibition bringing together european impressionists and their asian contemporaries. —— also ahead in. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan's general election. she has asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson has been released on bail of $3 million, after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest demonstration so far of the fast—growing european anti—nuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it's opening
the country's remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black—majority government in this country, and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, which has caused millions of pounds' worth of damage. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: clinging on to power. zimbabwe's president mugabe refuses to bow to pressure and resign. he now faces impeachment. underwater rescue equipment from the united states arrives in argentina to help in the search for a missing submarine. the argentine navy vessel disappeared four days
in the south atlantic, with 44 crew on board. the actor and singer david cassidy remains in hospital in florida after suffering multiple organ failure. a spokesman for the 67—year—old, who rose to fame in the 1970s sitcom the partridge family, said he is conscious and surrounded by his family. more on that story at bbc.com. let's have a look at the headlines in the morning's newspapers. we start with china daily, which leads on a joint military exercise between chinese and us rescue teams. but the article about singles' day caught our eye — the phenomenal amount of money spent just over a week ago. 0nline retailers took an average of $1 billion each hour on 11 november. the south china morning post leads on proposed reforms to the hong kong education system. it also looks at a three—point plan which china's foreign ministry has put forward to help resolve the rohingya migrant crisis in myanmar.
and the japan times carries a story from the american military‘s top nuclear commander, who has said he would resist any illegal order from president trump to launch a nuclear attack. and the front page picture shows the beautiful foliage of a i,000—year—old japanese gingko tree. it has grown so big, its trunk has a circumference of 22 metres. five countries are involved in a huge air and sea search to try and find an argentine submarine. the sanjuan has been missing since wednesday, with 44 crew on board. contact was lost as it returned from a routine mission near the southernmost tip of south america, but signals are being detected which may provide clues to its location. dan johnson reports. this is a vessel designed to play
hide—and—seek in the deepest depths. so finding the sanjuan, its crew, and the 22 torpedoes it carries is a real challenge. fresh satellite signals, albeit weak ones, have revived hopes of rescue. seven call attempts have been received, says the navy‘s spokesman, but they were incomplete, and need to be checked to pinpoint the location. he stressed they are making every effort to find the submarine, searching the open ocean and the sea bed. this is now an international effort. the us navy has flown in deep—sea rescue equipment. and hms protector, the royal navy's antarctic patrol ship, has been diverted to help scan beneath the waves of the south atlantic ocean. the sanjuan left the southern port of ushuaia last monday, after a routine mission.
it was making the 2,000—mile journey back to its base in mar del plata, not far from argentina's capital. the search is focused around halfway, in the sanjorge gulf, where the submarine last made contact on wednesday. one of the 44 crew members is argentina's first female submariner. the best hope of finding her and her crewmates alive is that a power failure knocked out the submarine's communications. six countries are now hunting for the san juan, but it is lost in a huge area of ocean, and bad weather is making a difficultjob even harder. dan johnson, bbc news. joining me from our london newsroom is our latin american editor candace piette. as you saw in that report, hopes we re as you saw in that report, hopes were raised when signals were detected, but what is the current situation now? well, the situation now is that the argentine navy had
said that the american communications company that they had employed to actually do a triangulation of those signals that they had, very, very faint signals lasting less than four seconds. but about seven of them arriving in naval bases across the coast of argentina, that this company has checked them out and believe that they do not come from any of their equipment that they have on the saab. but the company then added that it was a possibility that they could have come from other equipment, other satellite equipment, other satellite equipment, on the submarine —— sub. so one thing has been dismissed now, and we still go back to the original premise, perhaps, which is that the sub may have raised a buoy with an emergency satellite signal, and that that that is what is giving those signals out. we know the us navy has arrived. what else, in terms of
international assistance, is arriving? well, the most important thing for the whole rescue effort at the moment, certainly the one the argentine navy is put emphasising, is the equipment that the us southern command has delivered. part of it has arrived in the last 2a hours, and it includes a mini submarine, and also a remote control module, and a kind of escape capture all. and together, this equipment is designed to latch onto a sub that may be on the floor of the ocean, and be able to extract the crew safely —— capsule. and to the surface. hopefully, if it goes well. so they are preparing that equipment now, and in the meantime, today, in the last few hours, the crews from ships from six other countries have been combing the sea, attempting to try to find a trace over a vast area, of the submarine. and what do
we know about the conditions on board the submarine before it went missing, and what potentially happens next in this operation?m is an old submarine, but it has been recently updated, in 2007 to 2014 it went through quite a lot of updates, particularly the attentions. it had just arrived. —— particularly to its engines. so it should have arrived on sunday, so therefore it is now... it had enough water, oxygen and food for the crew. it also carries on board another two weeks of those suppliers. so there is no urgency in terms of the suppliers that the crew will be needing. thank you for that. a new exhibition has opened at singapore's national gallery, that focuses on artists of the 19th century from two separate but overlapping parts of the world. called century of light, the show features many impressionist classics on loan from paris, alongside works by two of asia's most successful painters.
mat morrison went to take a look. western—style, european faces, but by an asian hand. these are some of the works ofjuan luna of the philippines and raden saleh of indonesia, now on display at singapore's national gallery. both of them were trained in their respective countries, indonesia and the philippines, before travelling to europe. juan luna won major awards in spain. and this was the first time an artist from the colonies achieved the same status as their european peers. luna's work, espana y filipinas, or spain and the philippines, puts their colonial relationship in a greco—roman motif, with spain leading the way up a grand staircase, to the future. raden saleh of indonesia was known for his 0rientalist animal hunts and landscapes, winning over an audience eager
for such exotic scenes. even as their asian contemporaries enjoyed a degree of success in europe, some impressionist painters had trouble finding an audience at home. this painting by claude monet was actually rejected by the paris salon of 1869. but today, impressionist works are as popular as ever, especially here in asia. you can see it in the japanese bridge. we are where monet built this garden. paul man is a curator at the musee d'0rsay in paris. he helped bring about 60 paintings to this dual exhibit, a greatest hits album of impressionist masterpieces. you don't need to have a very important knowledge of classical european culture. you don't need to know a religious subject, or mythological subjects, or history. just nature, just people. this is something that can connect with some some part
of the asian philosophy. taken together, the two exhibitions represent an east—meets—west—meets—east again moment in art. and then of course, some things are universal. how many selfies do you think people are going to take? they are doing a lot of selfies. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. we will be looking at why singapore is training young gamers to go professional. and let's leave you with these beautiful early morning skies above the city of leon, in central mexico. hundreds of hot—air balloons attracted plenty of visitors to the international balloon festival. the event began in 2002 with just 27 balloons, and has got bigger, with hundreds of thousands of visitors to the four—day festival. hello. it is safe to say there is a lot of weather to come
in the week ahead. low pressure after low pressure will be coming in from the atlantic. this is how we are starting the week. still cold enough for a bit of snow into the scottish hills for monday morning, but milder air will be pushing in across much of the uk for a time this week, because it looks like this will be pushed away by colder air, again from the north, by the end of the week. this is how we start off on monday — some snow the hills in northern scotland, so some slushy roads for higher—level routes here. a lot of rain elsewhere in scotland to begin with and a lot of cloud across the uk. still chilly, then, in northern ireland. we'll see the rain and the snow tending to fizzle out as we go through the morning in scotland and some outbreaks of rain. a huge amount of cloud but not rain. damp and drizzly in places but what we will notice the most
is how mild it is compared with recent mornings. starting the day across much of wales, the midlands and south—west england, temperatures into double figures. so the milder air moving in, but it's doing so with plenty of cloud. hard pressed to find much of sunshine at all on monday. just a few brighter breaks to the east of high ground. outbreaks of rain fizzling out, but patchy, light rain still around into the afternoon in some spots. double—figure temperatures maybe even into southernmost parts of scotland, but elsewhere in scotland, still single figures for another day. still chilly feel, especially the further north you are. 0n through monday night and into tuesday morning, we'll take another spell of rain through northern ireland and into scotland. but any snow on the hills turning back to rain as we turn ten things milder here eventually, as we go on into tuesday.
it looks pretty wet on tuesday. especially in northern scotland. to the east of it, before any of it gets in, temperatures very mild and a few spots reaching into the mid teens for a while. you can see low pressure systems are queueing up some wetter and windy weather for a time mid—week, but we are expecting things to turn cold again by the end of the week. the milderfeel mayjust be brief, rain at times and a bit of snow, especially on the hills in scotland. 0ften windy at times this week, as well, and a colder wind by the end of the week. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story: the zimbabwean leader robert mugabe says he will stay in office, despite intervention against him by the military. flanked by generals during a live television address, he said his authority had not been undermined. earlier, his zanu—pf party sacked him as leader, and said there are now calls for him to be impeached. ships from five countries have joined the argentinian navy as it
searches for a missing submarine. 44 people are on board the sanjuan, which was last heard from on wednesday. and this video is trending on bbc.com. more than 30,000 people have run the delhi half marathon, ignoring health warnings about the air quality. air pollution was measured at eight times the safe level, though it wasn't as bad as the smog the city experienced earlier in the month. that's all from me for now. stay with bbc news.