welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is lewis vaughan jones. our top stories: robert mugabe defies his own party and refuses to resign as president of zimbabwe. in a speech to the nation, mr mugabe said he would lead next month's party congress, despite mounting calls for him to stand down. talks to form a coalition government in germany collapse, raising the prospect that angela merkel may not be able to serve a fourth term as chancellor. the us navy sends special tracking equipment to help in the hunt for an argentine submarine. and portugal's worst drought in decades threatens thousands of honeybees, reducing crop pollination and honey production across the country. robert mugabe remains president of zimbabwe despite a tumultuous weekend that saw popular protests against him and an ultimatum
from his own party. in a live address to the nation — widely expected to include his resignation — saw him pledge instead to oversee his party congress next month. but the party has already replaced him and given him until midday on monday to resign orface impeachment. here's our africa editor, fergal keane. the very music seemed designed to drain any drama out of the moment. and perhaps the geniality of the encounter was a giveaway. robert mugabe did not look like a man about to walk into the wilderness and his words delivered 15 minutes into a rambling address confirmed that he intended to stay as leader of the country and party at least until the party congress in december. the congress is due in a few weeks from now. i will preside over its processes which must not be repossessed by any axe calculated to undermine it or to compromise the outcome in the eyes of the public. he praised the military
and acknowledge the crisis in his country and party. the way forward thus cannot be based on swapping lying clicks that ride roughshod over party rules and procedures. there has to be a net return to the guiding principles of our party as enshrined in its constitution. this appearance has shocked the people of zimbabwe
who were prepared to witness his resignation. i think we are being played. i feel let down, by now we should have had a result, but it is like we are back to square one. what did you make of that? i think the whole nation was expecting him to resign and we are all shocked, i think people will be depressed, confused, people do not understand what is happening, but i think we are in a post—mugabe era. it will happen. there are big questions now, how can robert mugabe preside over a party which today removed him from the leadership? once loyal supporters met to warn that he would be impeached by parliament if he did not step down from the presidency by midday tomorrow. an old friend read out the sentence. tonight's non—resignation does not change the feeling of the party
and it does not remove the bitterness against his wife grace mugabe and her friends. it has to be over now? oh, yes. it is over. what he did is enough. enough is enough. the people of zimbabwe have shown in numbers that they are fed up with this dynasty and a new era is beginning. look at my back. this is the moment when robert mugabe lost power in his own party, the party he dominated for so long and has now been replaced as party leader by a man who was one of his closest allies for decades. the new leader emmerson mnangagwa is known as the crocodile, celebrated here for his ruthless cunning. when he gets his prey... he may have agreed to pause, but he is unlikely to stop until he ousts his old comrades. on the streets of harare, the people of the president seem to occupy a different nation.
here praying for reconciliation and healing. they have already started to move beyond the trauma of the age of mugabe. our africa editor, fergal keane reporting there. horace campbell is a visiting professor at the university of ghana. he joins me from accra. so this was an extraordinary speech. what was your reaction to it? so this was an extraordinary speech. what was your reaction to mm so this was an extraordinary speech. what was your reaction to it? it is not a speech about zimbabwe. it was a speech about the party. and the party was part of the problem. so the questions of the future constitution of the government of zimbabwe will not be decided by the party. so the focus should not the
other party. the focus should be on an inclusive government, and robert mugabe will be irrelevant. to that includes a government, the people of zimbabwe, in the tens of thousands showed that yesterday, when they came out on the streets. but he did not resign. how surprised were you by that? i am not surprised by that because robert mugabe has enough information on the general, on the head of the war veterans that is playing for time. the question is can they call his bluff? can they cut off his telephone discussions with zuma ? can cut off his telephone discussions with zuma? can then make sure that he cannot move any money around that he cannot move any money around that he might have in banks overseas. so the articles of impeachment in the parliament can be prepared for tuesday, so the question of his
being the head of government and head of state is resolved by the parliament of zimbabwe. do you think the protesters that we have seen out on the street will stand for it if he does not go, and go quickly? they will not stand for it. the protests on the streets represent the culmination of io— 15 years of struggle by the people of zimbabwe. and what is important about the speech night, that came from robert mugabe's speaking about the political party zanu—pf did not speak about the people of the streets. there must be a transitional period and an inclusive government, and the institutions in zimbabwe must be changed so that the authoritarian tendencies in the political party are taken out of the government's structure of zimbabwe.
horace campbell, thank you very much for joining horace campbell, thank you very much forjoining us. thank you. talks to form a coalition government in germany have collapsed. christian lindner, the leader of the liberal free democrats, said his party was pulling out because it had not been possible to find a basis of trust with chancellor angela merkel‘s christian democrats. mrs merkel said she would now meet the german president who has the power to call a new election. andrew plant reports. after three terms in office, angela merkel‘s hopes of staying in power rest on forming a coalition. an election in september left angela merkel without a majority, with some voters angered by germany's liberal policy towards refugees. translation: the fact is that we could not finish the exploratory talks successfully. that means i will contact the federal president tomorrow, inform them about the state of affairs, and then we will have to see how things develop. to form a stable government, she needed
to reach agreement with the free democrats and the greens. it was banned from left to right on germany's political spectrum. but finding common ground has proved impossible. the leader of the free democrats has said that the parties had no common vision for the country. translation: we will not abandon our voters for a policy with which we are not convinced. it is better not to govern them to govern badly. there are ways for it. negotiations could continue if angela merkel can persuade the free democrats back to the table. without them, she could only form a minority coalition, which commentators say is unlikely. at least the possibility of calling another general election. what is certain is that the failure to form a coalition means that angela merkel‘s position is suddenly more uncertain after 12 years at the top
of european politics. andrew plant, bbc news. five countries are involved in a huge air and sea search for a missing argentine submarine. contact was lost five days ago, as the sanjuan returned from a routine mission off the south american coast with 44 crew on board. signals have been detected which may provide clues to its location. dan johnson reports. this is a vessel designed to play hide—and—seek in the deepest depths. so finding the sanjuan, its crew, and the 22 torpedoes it carries is a real challenge. fresh satellite signals, albeit weak ones, have revived hopes of rescue. seven call attempts have been received, says the navy‘s spokesman, but they were incomplete, and need to be checked to pinpoint the location. he stressed they are making every effort to find the submarine, searching the open ocean and the sea bed. this is now an international effort. the us navy has flown in deep—sea rescue equipment. and hms protector, the royal navy's antarctic patrol
ship, has been diverted to help scan beneath the waves of the south atlantic ocean. the sanjuan left the southern port of ushuaia last monday, after a routine mission. it was making the 2,000—mile journey back to its base in mar del plata, not far from argentina's capital. the search is focused around halfway, in the sanjorge gulf, where the submarine last made contact on wednesday. one of the 44 crew members is argentina's first female submariner. the best hope of finding her and her crewmates alive is that a power failure knocked out the submarine's communications. six countries are now hunting for the san juan, but it is lost in a huge area of ocean, and bad weather is making a difficultjob even harder. dan johnson, bbc news. joining me is our latin american
editor, candace piette. so, how significant are the signals that have been heard? well, they we re that have been heard? well, they were initially considered to be very significant. they were very weak. they went to all these naval bases along the coast of argentina. provide a great hope, particularly for relatives of the crew. but in the last 2a hours, the argentine navy has said that the company that has been looking at the signals and try to work out exactly where they we re try to work out exactly where they were coming from says they did not come from their recruitment aboard the ara san juan. come from their recruitment aboard the ara sanjuan. but they did not this meant that fact that they did not dismiss that this would be coming from other satellite equipment. so that is one part of the puzzle sorted. we are now in a situation where they still are looking for this boat, possibly the satellite signals coming from an
emergency ara san juan satellite signals coming from an emergency ara sanjuan that these are might have at some point. potentially huge search area. how crucial is the international search effort? they are looking across a section of sea of around 400 kilometres squared, just off the vald es kilometres squared, just off the valdes peninsula in the south atlantic. —— valdez. the international effort has been hugely important. the navy has been saying that they welcome all the help that particularly the us with its high—tech aeroplanes and detecting equipment, and it big sea rescue modules that it has just brought in in the last 34 hours. the uk also has some sophisticated mitigations bows and a hercules plane. there are four countries that are involved. they are sweeping the sea. they have
been doing that, and the trouble has been doing that, and the trouble has been very difficult weather, and make it very hard for the sonar equipment on board these boats to actually detect anything there. they are getting false messages coming back, bouncing off these high, seven metre waves. thank you for the update. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, we look at singapore's display of impressionist art, asian style. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan's general election, and she has asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson has been released on bail of $3 million, after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest demonstration so far of the fast—growing european anti—nuclear movement.
the south african government has announced that it's opening the country's remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black—majority government in this country, and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, which has caused millions of pounds' worth of damage. this is bbc news. our main headline: robert mugabe has defied intense pressure to resign as president of zimbabwe, prompting an angry response from many of his former allies. let's stay with that story. thousands of people took to the streets of harare
at the weekend in support of the army's actions against president mugabe. shingai nyoka has been speaking to residents in the capital to get their reaction to mr mugabe's refusal to resign. we must learn to forgive... they came to listen to what president mugabe had to say. after a meeting with army generals responsible for a takeover earlier last week, they had expected to hear his resignation speech. at this bar, they waited and waited to be told by president mugabe in a stumbling address... all this now has done... ..that he was going nowhere. he does not speak for our interests. he only speaks for his personal interests, and his family. so, why are you so disappointed? we are suffering! we are suffering. we have had enough of suffering. we need him — we need him to change his mind. we need him to resign.
he didn't actually say he's resigning or anything, so we're still waiting. the people marched yesterday. they expressed their views. i'm a young lawyer in zimbabwe. i've been practicing law for the past three years. it's pathetic. the country has gone to the dogs. the consummate politician appears, at least for the moment, and on the surface, to have negotiated a deal on his own terms. this is not the announcement that some zimbabweans were waiting for. robert mugabe is still the president and it's not clear whether parliament will now begin impeachment process. people here today were expecting to hear the resignation they have demanded, but those hopes have been dashed. the wild celebrations we have seen on the streets stand in stark contrast to the sombre mood in harare tonight. months of high temperatures and virtually no rain has caused
the worst drought this century for spain and portugal. more than 80% of portugal is officially classified as enduring "severe" or "extreme" drought. now there are concerns for the country's population of bees — which are crucial to pollinating crops. georgina smyth reports. beekeeping is serious business. these 600 hives should be bringing it 800 tons of honey each year. but portugal has suffered its driest weather for more than 20 years. so bad in fact it meant far fewer flowers a nd bad in fact it meant far fewer flowers and so less food for the bees. causing the honey yields here to crash to a quarter, just two tons this year. translation: it was a bad year because we had a very dry spring, are very hot summer. for three months, but these could not connect
—— collect any pollen. months, but these could not connect -- collect any pollen. the lack of food means beekeepers have to buy in pollen substitutes. he needed one whole time just to keep his pollen substitutes. he needed one whole timejust to keep his hives alive. it is the same story across the country. translation: spring this year didn't have humidity to give plant enough nectar for these to produce honey. after prolonged drought, late spring and forest flat —— forest flies, production decreased. the honeybee population worldwide has been in a serious decline due to pesticides, parasites, changing climates and loss of habitats. in portugal, every pa rt loss of habitats. in portugal, every part of the agricultural industry has been affected but the beekeepers, the driest weather for two decades has pushed their colonies close to collapse. some of the other stories making the
news. results in chile's presidential vote will go to a second rout. the favourite, a successful billionaire, will take it on next month. the actor and singer david cassidy remains in intensive ca re david cassidy remains in intensive care in hospital in florida after suffering multiple organ failure. a spokesman for the 67—year—old who rose to fame in the sitcom of the partridge family, said he is surrounded by his family. in greece, emergency teams are continuing their search for those missing following flash floods caused by days of heavy rain. on saturday, the bodies of three people were found, taking the total number of dead to 19. flooding struck early on wednesday in the towns of mandra, nea peramos and megara, some 50 kilometres west of athens. forecasters are predicting more heavy rain and strong winds in greece, before the weather front moves east. david campa nale reports. witnesses described this week's
raging floods as light a tsunami. the force of the rainwater moved vehicles, damaged walls and swept away those caught in the open. the sudden water also rose inside buildings to lethal levels. to escape, residents took desperate measures. bending the night on their roofs. the victims include elderly people trapped inside their homes, unable to escape. translation: from what you can see here, there is total destruction. nothing is standing. we are trying to pick up our pieces. they tell us to pick up our pieces. they tell us to show courage but we also need help. courage is not enough. crumpled cars and mangled that hrm an is on roads coated in the thick mud. local authorities are attempting to clear up the
devastation but face a further rainfall. even the local cemetery was submerged in mud with tombstones broken and strewn about. experts say the building in the area prevented water from the building in the area prevented waterfrom running the building in the area prevented water from running off. the building in the area prevented waterfrom running off. this week's floods were a disaster waiting to happen. a new exhibition has opened at singapore's national gallery that focuses on artists of the 19th century, from two separate — but overlapping — parts of the world. called ‘century of light', the show features many impressionist classics on loan from paris, alongside works by two of asia's most successful painters. mat morrison went to take a look. western—style, european faces, but by an asian hand. these are some of the works ofjuan luna of the philippines and raden saleh of indonesia, now on display at singapore's national gallery. both of them were trained
in their respective countries, indonesia and the philippines, before travelling to europe. juan luna won major awards in spain. and this was the first time an artist from the colonies achieved the same status as their european peers. luna's work, espana y filipinas, or spain and the philippines, puts their colonial relationship in a greco—roman motif, with spain leading the way up a grand staircase, to the future. raden saleh of indonesia was known for his orientalist animal hunts and landscapes, winning over an audience eager for such exotic scenes. even as their asian contemporaries enjoyed a degree of success in europe, some impressionist painters had trouble finding an audience at home. this painting by claude monet was actually rejected by the paris salon of 1869. but today, impressionist works are as popular as ever, especially here in asia.
you can see it in the japanese bridge. we are where monet built this garden. paul perrin is a curator at the musee d'orsay in paris. he helped bring about 60 paintings to this dual exhibit, a greatest hits album of impressionist masterpieces. you don't need to have a very important knowledge of classical european culture. you don't need to know a religious subject, or mythological subjects, or history. just nature, just people. this is something that can connect with some some part of the asian philosophy. taken together, the two exhibitions represent an east—meets—west—meets—east again moment in art. and then of course, some things are universal. how many selfies do you think people are going to take? they are doing a lot of selfies. if you like flying just a few metres
off the ground at 500 kilometres per hour, this might interest you. the air race—one world titles have taken place in thailand. the race sees light planes racing around a course with up to eight pilots speeding along an oval circuit of eight laps. the planes can reach around 450 kilometres an hour, with pilots flying just metres above the ground. this year, american tim cone won the title in a late surge in a grove—winged cassutt racer, named ‘what aeroplane honey'. a reminder of our developing story this hour. talks to form a coalition government in germany have collapsed — christian lindner the leader of the liberal free democrats said his party was pulling out because it had not been possible to find a basis of trust with chancellor angela merkel‘s christian democrats. hello. it's safe to say there is a lot of weather to come in the week ahead.
low pressure after low pressure will be coming in from the atlantic. this is how we are starting the week. still cold enough for a bit of snow into the scottish hills for monday morning. but milder air will be pushing in across much of the uk for a time this week, because it looks like this will be pushed away by colder air, again from the north, by the end of the week. but this is how we start off on monday — some snow on the hills in northern scotland, so some slushy roads for higher—level routes here. a lot of rain elsewhere in scotland to begin with, and a lot of cloud across the uk. still chilly, then, in northern scotland. we'll see the rain and the snow tending to fizzle out as we go through the morning in scotland, and some outbreaks of rain to begin with for northern ireland and northern england. come further south, yes, there's plenty of cloud. there isn't a huge amount of rain. damp and drizzly in places but what we will notice the most is how mild it is compared with recent mornings. starting the day across much of wales, the midlands, south—west england, the temperatures into double figures. so the milder air moving in, but it's doing so with
plenty of cloud. so we're hard—pressed to find much in the way of sunshine at all on monday. just a few brighter breaks to the east of high ground. outbreaks of rain fizzling out, but there will be patchy, mostly light rain still around into the afternoon in some spots. double—figure temperatures maybe even into southernmost parts of scotland, but elsewhere in scotland, still single figures for another day. so still a chilly feel, especially the further north you are. on through monday night and into tuesday morning, we'll take another spell of rain through northern england, through northern ireland, and into scotland. but any snow on the hills turning back to rain as we turn ten things milder here eventually, as we go on into tuesday. a very mild night elsewhere, but again with plenty of cloud. it looks pretty wet on tuesday, especially in northern scotland. though to the east of it, before any of it gets in, given any brighter breaks, again temperatures very mild, and a few spots reaching into the mid teens for a while midweek in the uk, with stronger winds for a time.
you can see low pressure systems are queueing up some wetter, windier weather for a time mid—week, but we are expecting things to turn cold again by the end of the week. so the milderfeel may just be brief. rain at times, and a bit of snow, especially on the hills in scotland. often windy at times this week, as well, and a colder wind by the end of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines: the zimbabwean president, robert mugabe, has defied widespread demands that he step down. in a highly anticipated speech to the nation, mr mugabe announced his intention to lead next month's ruling zanu—pf party congress. the party has given him until midday on monday to resign orface impeachment.
talks to form a coalition government in germany have collapsed, throwing chancellor angela merkel‘s future into doubt. the leader of the liberal free democrats said his party was pulling out because it had not been possible to find a basis of trust with chancellor merkel‘s christian democrats. us planes carrying underwater rescue equipment have arrived in argentina to help hunt for a missing argentine submarine. the sanjuan disappeared four days ago in the south atlantic, with 44 crew on board. now on bbc news, it is time for a look back at the week in parliament.