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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  November 20, 2017 10:00pm-10:30pm GMT

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tonight at ten — robert mugabe faces a formal process of impeachment following his refusal to step down as president of zimbabwe. a day after his defiant appearance on national television, the 93—year—old is still clinging to office. on the streets, more voices raised against the man who's ruled forfour decades, as the military suggest there might be a way forward. we have made further consultation with the president to agree on a road map on the prevailing situation in the country. we'll be reporting from harare on the likely moves in the days ahead. also tonight... at no 10, ministers are said in principle to have agreed on an increased brexit divorce payment to the eu. but in germany, the future of chancellor merkel, one of the eu's strongest voices, is in doubt after the collapse of coalition talks. there's been a sharp fall in the number of community and the bells of westminster abbey
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ring out again, to mark the 70th and the bells of westminster tennis who has died at. age of 49. following his refusal to step down aspresideflt of lmbabwl the country's ruling party, zanu—pf, has agreed to begin the process, hours after he appeared on national television, and demanded the right to continue. he's accused of allowing his wife to usurp power and,
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who is expected in thereafter: the“% a suggestion of talks and a road map
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has encouraged speculation that robert mugabe is starting to feel the political pressure as, piece by piece, his power is shredded. his mps gathered in harare to begin the legal process of impeachment, removing him from office by parliamentary vote and telling us it could happen in days. we are expecting the motion to be moved tomorrow and a committee to be set up tomorrow, and hopefully by wednesday, because the charges are so clear, we expect that we should be able to vote in parliament. it could be done that soon? yes. in the audience, a first lady in waiting, auxilia, wife of emmerson mnangagwa, whom the party wants as president. how are you? will your husband be coming soon? i'm not commenting on that. everybody is waiting to see him. i'm also waiting to see him. thank you very much. well, you can hear the emotions are building here, and this
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is a parliamentary party set on getting rid of robert mugabe. they share that ambition with the people of zimbabwe, with the military. listen, when the people have spoken, that is it. the people have spoken in zimbabwe. zanu—pf is speaking. and we are good to go. but the generals are in a bind. they banked on robert mugabe caving in quickly. however, last night's rambling speech to the nation made no mention of resigning. i will preside over these processes... he appeared detached from reality, talking about presiding over a party congress. the question is why the generals allowed this to happen. partly, it's to do with a changed africa. the old days of shooting leaders are gone. human rights lawyer beatrice mtetwa was once persecuted by robert mugabe. she says the generals and mr mnangagwa want to be seen to be acting constitutionally. zimbabwean culture has always been that you make the law, you justify your actions
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on the basis that this is the law, and this is in line with the zimbabwean way of doing things. give it respectability by making it law, however bad it is. the talks mooted tonight might yet end this crisis. but the people are ready for impeachment. and that legal path is about ensuring the legitimacy of those who rule zimbabwe next. our africa editor, fergal keane, is in harare. tell us a little more about this process of impeachment and how long do you think it could take in reality? we're being told by zanu—pf‘s constitutional lawyer, two days. and he says critically that they have the support of the opposition. that matters because they do not have the two thirds majority necessary otherwise. the difficulty in this very swift process is that if emmerson
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mnangagwa and the military want this to look like a legitimate cost additional exercise, 48 hours looks very desultory, so it might go beyond that. and remember this is also about piling pressure on robert mugabe. emmerson mnangagwa and the generals hope that instead of facing the humiliation of impeachment, he will decide to resign. however nothing we saw in that address last night suggested he was in any mood to do that. fergal keane, thank you very much. the bbc understands there was broad agreement at a cabinet committee meeting tonight that the government should increase the brexit financial offer to the eu, but only in return for the eu moving onto talks about a future trade deal. earlier today, the eu's chief brexit negotiator, michel barnier, said that the two sides had to agree on what he called an orderly withdrawal, and warned that the uk was unlikely to secure an advantageous free trade deal if it tried to transform itself into a low—tax, low—regulation economy. our political editor, laura kuenssberg, has more details. her report containis some flash photography. have you agreed to pay more money,
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the foreign secretary... ? have you agreed to pay more money, the foreign secretary. . . ? they are never going to agree every single thing. was there a row in there? he said we would get money back when we leave. she said it would cost us billions. ministers have tonight agreed that the prime minister can at least promised to pay more to settle our accounts. we have been very clear that we will honour our commitments. but i want us to develop that special partnership with the european union for the future, and i want to see us moving together. together. notice the prime minister ina together. together. notice the prime minister in a factory this morning hinting that one will not happen without the other. rest of the eu will not get their version of the bill if they don't agree to move on next month to talk about trade and a
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settling in period, the transition, where factories and firms all over the country can adjust to the idea. that sort of promise is something which in brussels simply has to happen. do you want more money from the uk to move forward on talks?m you missed it, about was a yes from the germans. and the dutch say, get on with it. it has to be concrete and on the table instead of in the press. there are already real consequences of brexit. the moves of the medical and banking regulators from london to the continent, announced like diplomatic bingo today. based on today's voting, we have selected amsterdam to be the new seat of the european medicines agency and paris will be the new seat of the european banking authority. and the chief negotiator, michel barnier, was clear that the uk and the city can't have all the
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benefits of the single market, but... if we manage to negotiate, there is every reason for our future partnership to be ambitious. this is out partnership to be ambitious. this is our preferred option. what was agreed tonight is a long way from a detailed blueprint for brexit. but ministers did accept that theresa may can put hypothetical extreme billions on the table, only if, though, the eu agrees to talk trade and about transition. the mood around the table — the government will move, but not on its own. tonight's decision should, hopes no 10, yet the negotiations shifting. but it is notjust events here which will determine if there will be a deal, or we will walk away. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. one of the strongest voices on the terms of any brexit deal is that
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of chancellor merkel of germany. but her future as chancellor has been put in doubt by the unexpected collapse of talks to form a coalition government. mrs merkel said she'd rather have another election than lead a minority administration. the crisis was provoked by the decision of the free democrats to pull out of talks with angela merkel‘s christian democrats and the greens. 0ur europe editor, katya adler, reports from berlin. her report contains some flashing images. ask a european about strong and stable government, and this will be their focal and stable government, and this will be theirfocal point and stable government, and this will be their focal point — germany, and stable government, and this will be theirfocal point — germany, a country proud of its post—war political stability and careful consensus—building. until today. the day angela merkel won the dubious honour of becoming germany's first leader since world war ii to fail to form a government. but it is not over yet. coalition talks have
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collapsed for now, but mrs michael is nothing if not a seasoned political fighter. she has is nothing if not a seasoned politicalfighter. she has been german prime minister for three terms already. would she consider giving up now? translation: no. resigning is never an option. i have a lwa ys resigning is never an option. i have always said that i am ready to serve germany for a further four years. this coalition failed in its negotiating talks but that does not mean that i will forget the promise i made. earlier today, mrs merkel met the german president to discuss what is next. new attempts at government forming, orfresh elections? both carry the real risk that the far right could benefit. translation: this is an unprecedented situation in modern germany. this goes beyond party interest. concern may well start to grow outside germany, too. that's if politicians do not live up to their responsibility in europe's biggest and economically strongest nation. so, what does this all mean? it
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depends who you speak to. here in germany tonight the biggest question is, can angela merkel survive this, the biggest political crisis of her career? political up evil in the german chancellery has repercussions elsewhere. take the eu, for example, which has been fairly bullish of late, planning reform of the eurozone and closer defence co—operation, all with germany in the driving seat. and what about brexit? a source close to angela merkel insisted to me today that germany's attitudes to brexit would remain unchanged. but is that realistic? with her not in the game at the moment, keeping her own act together, trying to form a government, the impact on brexit in the short term is that nothing moves. they can talk as much as they wa nt moves. they can talk as much as they want in brussels, but they're all waiting from the signal from berlin.
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angela merkel promised germany a new government for christmas. that now seems more than unlikely. the irony is that this political crisis comes ata time is that this political crisis comes at a time this country economically has never had it so good, and when europe, faced with international uncertainties, relies more than ever on stable german leadership. katya adler, bbc news, berlin. we can go to downing street to speak to laura kuenssberg now. that meeting which took pace at no 10 — what did they settle ? took pace at no 10 — what did they settle? they settled one big thing, which theresa may had hoped for, that she was able to show a little bit of movement to the eu side. she gotan amber light bit of movement to the eu side. she got an amber light rather than a bright green flashing light, but she will be able to go to europe and say, if you play ball then i have permission from my cabinet to hold out the possibility of a lot more cash in principle. what is not
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settled is any discussion of an actualfigure. there is no agreement between the uk and the eu about how you would actually count up the exit bill, let alone an agreement inside the tory party and among people who voted leave thinking they would get money back about what kind of figure would actually be acceptable. for a long time there has been expectation that something around £40 billion is roughly where officials believe this might end up. but i underline, there is no agreement on that and it is still a long way off. there is also nothing settled about the cabinet position on the kind of relationship they want between the uk and the rest of the continent after we leave. that division around the cabinet table and inside the tory party remains. it is also not clear, as we were hearing from katya adler, what kind of impact the german instability will have on all of this. one cabinet minister suggested to me today that this was an
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important additional layer of complexity. how will the eu really be able to consider what britain is willing to put on the table when its biggest, most powerful decision maker is understandably distracted with its own issues? but theresa may has got a bit of movement which she felt she needed politically. she will take that with her to brussels, where she has been summoned either president of the eu council. police in dorset say that three people who had been arrested in connection with the disappearance of the teenager gaia pope have been released from their investigation, and will face no further action. the i9—year—old's body was found on saturday afternoon, near the town of swanage. a police spokesman said that after a postmortem examination they had concluded that no—one else was involved in her death, as our correspondent duncan kennedy reports. from the town that had helped search for gaia, today came a place to remember her. in the briefest of words, the most heartfelt of condolences for the teenager they had hoped would return. gaia had been missing for 11 days,
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when her body was found on saturday. today, her father richard thanked the local community for their help and spoke of gaia's magnificent soul and overflowing spirit. well, the loss of her, in one way, is immeasurable. we will treasure her and honour her always. and i say, gaia, you're not in pain any more, my darling. we...we love you, i love you. hundreds of people had searched the hills above swanage. police say there's nothing to suggest someone else was involved in gaia's death, but her family have been left distressed over the time it took to discover her. this is not something that should have happened. and it should not have taken 11 days to find her so close. and we need to know why. three people were arrested and released during this inquiry.
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detectives said today the three would face no further action. but the father of paul elsey, one of those detained, said the police went too far. what did they do? they decided that my family were involved in it, when all they've tried to do is show kindness. dorset police said today their investigation may have caused stress to some individuals, but that it had an obligation to explore every possible line of inquiry. gaia pope's family say they now want to be left to grieve in private. duncan kennedy, bbc news. every year, the nhs in england is put under growing strain during the winter months. health experts say it needs £4 billion more next year to maintain levels of patient care. but ministers say it needs different ways of working. one possible solution is treating
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more people at home. back in 2010, there were 7,500 district nurses providing crucial home care in england. there are nowjust over 4,000 nurses doing the same job. our health correspondent dominic hughes spent two days with a team in leeds. as a health professional, you know what you're signing up to, you know you're going to be working round the clock. this is highly—skilled, demanding work. there are all these people looking at you to make a decision or come up with a plan. erm, and that can be quite difficult. in a service under pressure. we do constantly struggle with the supply of staff to do the job that we need done. good morning, nora. good morning, maurice. district nurses form the backbone of health care in our communities. you are on the mend. and i think the antibiotics have done the trick, so i'm really pleased. a stroke, throat cancer, diabetes and liver problems have left maurice dependent on the
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support of his wife nora and community matron temba ndirigu. in many ways, maurice is a typical patient. is this where you're getting the pain? without people like temba, he'd be constantly in and out of hospital. no matter what time of the day, you can ring them any time. the district nurses, they'll all come. you know, the carers. we... i wouldn't be able to keep him at home without them. in a hospital, it's your environment, as it were. in someone's home, the tables are completely reversed. you are a guest in their home, and this sense of being alone. it's just you and the patient or theirfamily. there is a ten year difference in life expectancy between some of the more deprived areas of leeds and wealthier parts of the city. and that presents a challenge to the community nursing teams, who are seeing patients with a myriad of complicated different health problems.
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but the real issue is, there are simply not enough qualified nurses who are willing or able to do this really difficultjob. back at base, the team are trying to manage a growing number of cases. it's not easy. i can't do it... we just have pressure day in, and day out to do it. if services like mine aren't there 24/7, our hospitals are completely full. hello! staff nurse lisa is on another call—out, this time to check up on colin, who has problems with his legs. is your skin all right everywhere else, colin? yeah. not getting sore anywhere? no. keeping patients like colin at home rather than in hospital is central to plans for the future of the nhs in england. would you be able to get the prescription sent to the chemist and delivered to his home address, please? this is work often unseen, requiring dedication and compassion, but it is vital if the health
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service as we know it is to continue as we know it. britain is to lose its seat on the international court ofjustice in the hague for the first time since the body was founded in 1946. the candidacy of the uk judge said christopher green was withdrawn after voting was deadlocked. his pace will be taken by a judge from india. the united states has designated north korea a state sponsor of terrorism, which allows the americans to impose additional sanctions and penalties. donald trump said the move "should have happened years ago". it follows north korea's continued efforts to pursue a nuclear weapons programme in defiance of un sanctions. our north america editor, jon sopel, is at the white house. what is your view on how significant this is? i think it is significant.
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i think this should be seen as part of donald trump's effort to give maximum pressure on north korea to get it to fall into line. maybe the biggest threat will not be unsanctioned and posed by the united states, but in the actions of third party countries who made trade with the us and north korea, who may feel they will face the wrath of america if they continue to trade with north korea. the us secretary of state was talking today about how some of those countries are having an effect on north korea, where fuel supplies may be falling short and revenue streams may be affected. north korea state newspaper yesterday talked about donald trump again being an old lunatic who is spouting rubbish. it is two months since donald trump talked about little rocket man, about us weapons being locked and loaded and fury raining down, and there has not been a ballistic missile test since then. it may be
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pure coincidence, or it may be the noisy diplomacy from america, and the more quiet diplomacy from china is having an effect. many thanks. jon sopel with the latest thoughts at the white house for us. the chancellor of the exchequer philip hammond will deliver his budget on wednesday, and one of the main challenges he's set himself is to boost britain's productivity — that's the amount people generate per hour of work. low productivity is a drag on the wider economy — and ministers have now outlined plans to spend £4 billion on research and development and on regional investment to boost growth, as our business editor simonjack reports. the first industrial revolution saw the amount businesses could produce rocket, using machines that did the work of thousands. it was a leap in productivity that in recent years has slowed to a crawl, and that matters. if you can increase productivity, you can pay workers more, they feel better off, and crucially they pay more tax. otherwise none of those good things happen which is why the biggest challenge for the chancellor this week is to persuade businesses
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to invest in the machines and the skills of the future. in order to improve it, the government outlined plans today to spend £2.3 billion on research and development, with a further £1.7 billion to improve links between cities, hoping improved connectivity will drive greater productivity. a new revolution is at hand, being driven by technology companies like google, who today opened a digital garage in manchester, a drop—in centre for those looking for digital skills. when you look at economies that are online, relative to those who are not, there is productivity boost to the businesses. there is a substantial untapped opportunity to go online. still the majority of commerce and advertising is not online and yet the reach you can have when you're online is quite profound. retraining workers costs government money, money they get from tax, tax that google has been accused of legitimately avoiding. the governments make the rules
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and we apply those rules, and that's what we are doing. we are very much of the view that being responsible citizens within everyjurisdiction is the way we conduct ourselves. not only is the uk less productive than germany, france and italy, the north of england is less productive than the south, a gap that needs closing according to the mayor of greater manchester. i think the single biggest thing holding the north of england back and giving us a productivity challenge is our transport infrastructure or the poor quality of it because we haven't had the investment over decades in road and rail and consequently we see more and more congestion, people arriving late for work. this is a real problem. these investments in new technology are welcome but won't spare the chancellor a productivity downgrade by the budget watchdog
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on wednesday that will tighten the squeeze on the public finances even further. simonjack, bbc news, manchester. the killer charles manson — who organised a series of murders in southern california, by his group of young followers — has died at the age of 83. manson had been in prison in california for more than four decades. in 1969 his cult — known as the manson family — targeted several people including the hollywood actress sharon tate. our correspondent david willis reports from los angeles. once described as a metaphor for evil, charles manson took the trappings of the ‘60s hippie subculture and reframed them as tools of mass murder. a charismatic criminal who set up camp at this sprawling branch in the californian desert, he attracted people who shared his passion for sex and drugs.
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young, mainly middle—class women who bought in to manson's delusional claims that he was the reincarnation of christ. around 100 of them in total, they became known as the manson family. in the summer of 1969, charles manson assembled some of his most ardent followers and sent them on a killing spree that horrified and mesmerised america, in roughly equal measure. the most notable killings occurring at a house in this canyon, which belonged at the time to the film director roman polanski. among the victims, polanski's wife, the hollywood actress sharon tate, who was pregnant at the time. manson had convinced his followers the world was on the brink of a global race war that he called helter—skelter. murder? there is no murder. there was a murder of sharon tate. there's no murder in a holy war, man. it had nothing to do with... was it a holy war? was sharon tate's murder a holy war?
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the whole thing is a holy war. manson and his followers were arrested not for murder but for car theft. it wasn't until one of the so—called family boasted of the killings that they were charged and brought to trial. i once described charlie manson as evil incarnate. i mean, he was a man who had absolutely no conscience. he wreaked havoc. he had seven people at least killed and never showed any remorse. these were really gruesome killings. charles manson and four others were convicted in 1971. he applied for parole time and time again, only to die a prisoner, a messianic figure who shattered the generation of peace and love of the 1960s with diabolical violence. david willis, bbc news, los angeles. sportsmen and women have been paying tribute to the former wimbledon champion, jana novotna, who has died at the age of 49. she won the singles title in 1998 —
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five years after being consoled by the duchess of kent — after losing to steffi graf in her first wimbledon final. the all—england club has described the czech player as a "true champion in all senses of the word". the queen and the duke of edinburgh have been celebrating 70 years of marriage with a family dinner at windsor castle. the queen is the first british sovereign to celebrate a platinum wedding anniversary. at westminster abbey — where the wedding took place in 1947 — there was a special three—hour peal of bells to mark the day, as our royal correspondent nicholas witchell reports. ringing out from westminster abbey, a peal of bells to mark a 70th wedding anniversary. for any girl her wedding day is the day of her life. it was to the abbey on this day in 1947, that the then princess elizabeth came for her wedding to lieutenant philip mountbatten. now the solemn service begins. i elizabeth alexandra mary.
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take thee philip. to my wedded husband. it was the start of a marriage which has endured for 70 years and which, from the moment elizabeth came to the throne in 1952, has underpinned the success and stability of her reign as queen. those who know them have no doubt that the bride and groom who signed the marriage register that day at the abbey, were deeply committed to each other. obviously they were very much in love, it is early love as far as i can understand it, so it is a love match essentially. it is a great love story. a deeply loyal sense of duty, which is bolstered and encouraged and uplifted by their faith.
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