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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 25, 2017 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm kasia madera. our top stories: egypt says it has carried out air strikes against militants they believe were behind an attack on a mosque. more than 230 people were killed as gunmen stormed the crowded mosque in the sinai peninsula during friday prayers. emmerson mnangagwa has been sworn in as zimbabwe's new president three days after the resignation of robert mugabe. i humbly appeal to all of us that we let byg o nes i humbly appeal to all of us that we let bygones be bygones. gladly embracing each other in defining a new destiny of our beloved zimbabwe. and a bbc investigation reveals parts of youtube‘s system for reporting sexualised comments on children's videos has not been working for more than a year. hello and welcome to bbc world news.
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the egyptian armed forces say they have launched air strikes against the militants they believe were responsible for friday's attack on a mosque in sinai. at least 235 people were killed when gunmen stormed the mosque during friday prayers. it happened in a remote town in northern sinai, near the city of el—arish. militants opened fire inside the mosque, and detonated a bomb. they were armed with automatic rifles and rocket propelled grenades. it is the deadliest attack yet in the three year insurgency in sinai. orla guerin reports. shouting and sirens. a rush to save those wounded when a place of worship became a place of carnage. the attackers struck during friday prayers. for egypt, this was a grim new first
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— a massacre in a mosque. inside, worshippers lay dead where minutes earlier they had prayed. the mosque was popular with sufi muslims, who revere saints and shrines and are viewed as heretics by islamic extremists. within hours, a televised address to a nation in shock. president abdel fattah el—sisi telling egyptians their anguish would not be in vain and there would be decisive punishment. the sophisticated assault on the mosque was the latest attack by militants based in sinai. the state has been battling them for years. as egypt counted its new dead, analysts here warned that president sisi has already tried a hardline military response, to no avail. the scorched earth approach that we have seen has failed to prevent this from happening, it has failed to prevent isis
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from continuing to operate in egypt and in sinai specifically. and it is a reasonable question to ask — to what extent does this scorched earth approach actually help isis perhaps recruit further followers? the most deadly previous attack by is here was the downing of this russian aircraft in sinai in 2015, with a loss of 224 lives. in the past year, is have killed scores of christians in three attacks on churches, saying followers of the cross were their favourite prey. this time, militants in sinai have targeted their fellow muslims, showing no mercy. there has been no claim of responsibility. we don't yet know if is was behind this, but it bears many of their hallmarks. outside local hospitals tonight, crowds waited to donate blood. after a day of horror, many egyptians now fearful about what might come next. earlier i spoke with dr hisham
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hellyer, who is an associate fellow in international security at the royal united services institute. he says this attack is unprecedented in it's deadliness. i think this may be the largest single militant attack that has been perpetrated on egyptian soil by nonstate terrorist act in modern history. 235 history, —— 235 people, and not just the history. 235 history, —— 235 people, and notjust the way in which it took lace, that period of time in which it took place, we are talking less tha n which it took place, we are talking less than an hour, and the bombs in the mosque, as people leave fleeing the mosque, as people leave fleeing the violence and they are shot down by these terrorist actors, and even ambulances that have come in order to help, they have also been attacked. it is really quite a brutal attack. the level of
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incredible co—ordination. we are hearing about some airstrikes in retaliation for this. realistically, what can president sisi do to stop these types of attacks and get control of that area? is the same thing that governments all around the world can do when it comes to terrorism, you cannot be attacked terrorism, you cannot be attacked terrorism by relying on a security solution, even though a security solution, even though a security solution has to be part and parcel ofa solution has to be part and parcel of a broader strategy. alas, it is actually very difficult for us outside of the sinai to know what is going on. it is under a state of emergency, you have very few journalists and reporters within the sinai, and it is a closed area for anyone to get into and get a lot of information on. so really we are speculating about a great deal. what we do know is that this insurgency has been going on for quite sometime, it has certainly intensified over the last few years, but the roots of this sort of group go back at least to 2010, and the
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development that needs to take place in the sinai in order to drain the recruitment pool that these groups try and take people from, that also need to be considered as well. what we see at the moment in egypt, there isa we see at the moment in egypt, there is a great focus on the security solution, a great deal of emphasis in that regard, and i'm not convinced we are about to see that change any time soon, particularly after today. tell us a bit about the village, what do we know about the village, what do we know about the village that came under this terrible attack? rather small, which makes this more gruesome. the figures that i saw were around 3000 people, which means that around 10% of the population havejust people, which means that around 10% of the population have just died, just been killed. they have just been murdered in a grotesque fashion. some reports indicate that this village was targeted precisely because they refuse to co—operate with elements link to isis. this may 01’ with elements link to isis. this may or may not be the case, and we are speculating a great deal here. one
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thing that we know at least for a fa ct, thing that we know at least for a fact, is that this particular mosque was affiliated with a sufi order, it does not make for a sufi minority, that does not exist in egypt, it is not a sectarian thing in that regard. radical groups like isis have been talking in their rhetoric about sufi and sufism being renegades from the faith, even though this is mainstream islamic. —— islam. that means that these radical groups will target anybody, it is not simply one group here in one it is not simply one group here in u it is not simply one group here in one group there, it means that everybody is a potential target and i think we have seen that today. emmerson mnangagwa has been sworn in as the new president of zimbabwe. thousands of cheering supporters gathered to watch the inauguration at a football stadium in the capital harare.
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it follows the dramatic departure of robert mugabe, after 37 years in power. mr mnangagwa, who's known as "the crocodile" because of his ruthlessness, was a close aide of the former president. from harare, our africa editor fergal keane sent this report. if there had been a roof, they would have raised it. 60,000 voices, and rhythm, and sure feet. unleashing the pent—up emotion not of days but of decades. all the past tortuous week felt as if it had been building to this moment, for the once cowed people. the military triggered the events that brought the mugabe era to an end, and the traditional chiefs who had fully expected to see him die in power. instead, a man who, a week ago, was hiding in exile,
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fearing for his life, arrived to claim the presidency. so help me god. (cheering and applause). you can hear the 21 gun salute. emmerson mnangagwa, right behind me, is the new president of zimbabwe, what an extraordinary moment this is. he has the backing of the international community now, the backing of his army, and the goodwill of his own people. these are gifts he will squander at his peril. the new president was once a loyal comrade of robert mugabe. and, in power, he helped to mastermind the often violent takeover of white farms and the brutalisation of opposition politicians in rigged elections. he spoke of opening the country to foreign investment, creating jobs, compensating white
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farmers who had lost their land, and of a break with the painful past. whilst we cannot change the past, there is a lot we can do in the present and the future to give our nation a different, positive direction. as we do so, we should never remain hostages of our past. i thus humbly appeal to all of us, that we let bygones be bygones. gladly embracing each other in defining a new destiny of our beloved zimbabwe. to test the mood of the nation today, we spoke with zimbabweans from different walks of life. this man is a pensioner who travelled to the inauguration. it was excellent.
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he promised usjobs, jobs, jobs, and also peace in the country. peace is the fundamental thing for any country to develop. this man is a farmer who lost his land, but now helps to train young black farmers. he has been involved in breaking the law and we are very very concerned that he will not come back to the rule of law. what we need in this country is the rule of law, and only time will tell if he believes in the rule of law or not. this woman is a political activist, one of a young generation of africans ready to challenge their government. i have been followed by the intelligence services and even found one of them in my house but, now that mugabe is gone and we are free, i can express myself as an activist as much as possible. if you were looking for an indication of a change of mood in the country, listen to this — the moment the crowd booed the chief of police. booing. this is interesting,
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the crowd are booing the chief of the police. remember, for them, the police were a force of oppression. the people who took bribes, who intimidated them. the generals who backed mr mnangagwa were listening. what would they do now, i asked their leader? the job was done, they were going back to barracks, said general chiwenga. scepticism isjustified, but the people are tired of the old way. they cheered for freedom. today, at least, was no one—party party. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. a court in south africa has increased the jail sentence handed out to athlete 0scar pistorius for murdering his girlfriend. the court ruled that his sentence be increased to thirteen years and five months. prosecutors argued that the six—year term for murdering his girlfriend reeva steenkamp was too short. moroccans gathering in mosques across the country
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are praying for rain. earlier this week king mohammed vi called for the prayers. there has been a severe shortage of rain in the past few months, which has hit agriculture and rural employment — both central to the country's economy. 16 people were injured and nine had to be taken to hospital after a mass panic in the heart of london this afternoon. 0xford panic in the heart of london this afternoon. oxford circus and bond street tube stations were evacuated as armed police responded to reports that shots had been fired. thousands of people fled on one of the business shopping days of the year. police later said the mass evacuation was caused by an altercation between two men on the platform at oxford circus tube. it was just after 4:30 when the alarm was just after 4:30 when the alarm was raised. two banks would sound
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like gunshots close to oxford circus tuesday show. this was an alert on one of london's most crowded streets in the rush hour on like friday one of the most busy shopping days of the year. hundreds of people were told to get off the street and take refuge in the eye shops. we did not know what may have happened, people said they may have had a gunshot and the panic was just spreading and people were sprinting and crying, it was very distressing to watch. armed officers were quickly on the scene. scotla nd officers were quickly on the scene. scotland yard issued a brief statement saying that the police we re statement saying that the police were responding as if the incident was terrorist related and they were working alongside colleagues —— collea g u es working alongside colleagues —— colleagues from british transport police. but then came news that the met‘s counterterrorism command unit was not getting involved. the police also said there was no evidence of shots fired or any trace of
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casualties or suspects. amid the mayhem, the selfridge's department store at the other end of oxford street was evacuated. just after 6pm the whole area was declared safe and people were allowed to leave buildings where they had sought shelter. stay with us, we have lots more still to come, including: we will be finding out how avatars can be used to help patients whose cover from —— who suffer from skipper franny by allowing them to confront the voices in the head on the screen. president kennedy was shot down, and died almost immediately. the murder ofjfk is a disaster for the whole free world. he caught the imagination of the world, the first of a new generation of leaders. margaret thatcher is resigning as leader of the conservative party and prime minister. before leaving number 10 to see the queen, she told her cabinet "it's a funny old world."
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angela merkel is germany's first woman chancellor, easily securing the majority she needed. attempts to fly a hotair balloon had to be abandoned after a few minutes, but nobody seemed to mind very much. as one local comic put it, "it's not hot air we need, but hard cash." when bob geldof of the boomtown rats saw the tv pictures from ethiopia, he decided he had to do something. and he found his rock music friends felt the same. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: egypt says it has carried out air strikes against militants they believe were behind an attack on a mosque which killed more than 230 people. emmerson manangagwa has been sworn in as zimbabwe's new president. addressing a packed stadium, he vowed to serve all
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of the country's citizens. turkey's presidency says that turkey and the united states have agreed to fight all "terrorist organisations" together. it reported that, during a phone call between the two presidents, they agreed this to include islamic state militants, the kurdistan workers party and the network of the us—based muslim cleric fetullah gulen. gulnur aybet is a senior adviser to president erdogan. she spoke to us earlier on what she understands about the two leaders' conversation. the summit that took place between iran, turkey and russia on wednesday and sochi probably had a strong impact on what was happening today with the tweets coming out from president trump and then his phone call to president erdogan. i think the message coming out of sochi was very clear, but the belief —— that
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the political process from now and the political process from now and the endgame syria will be driven by this process and i think the american leadership to make sure as to how their nato ally is onboard there. i think they are quite assured that there is a nato ally at that table, e—commerce turkey wanted the united states tojoin that table, e—commerce turkey wanted the united states to join the process , the united states to join the process, but they distanced themselves from it because of the iranian involvement. we thought it would be healthier if they were at that table but i think at this point now that the endgame is coming the us has always had this view that their main focus is the fight against daesh, isis, and it was a tactical move to arm the ypg, equivalent to the pkk, a terrorist organisation, and once it had achieved its end in raqqa that there was no further plan as to what the us would you and the —— in the medium to long—term but they kept reiterating that this was a tactical
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short—term decision we have to make, but in the long—term we want to work with our ally turkey. so i think we've reached that point now where decisions have to be made, where we go on from here, and i think this is what this phone call was all about. the presidency... turkey is suggesting that the us will no longer supply weapons to the kurdish why p&g, who turkey as a are a terrorist organisation —— ypg. what is not that clear cut. it seems the white house is saying it will adjust military support to partners. it isn't as black and white as you suggest. they say pending adjustments, but they have said to us adjustments, but they have said to us in all the meetings that this is about raqqa. this is about defeating daesh in syria and iraq and beyond that there is no intention to go on with what they call a partnership. we have constantly said that you can't fight another terrorist
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organisation with another terrorist organisation, citing they have been quite clear about the longevity of that and when they talk about adjustments i think they've reached that stage where that will take place. major companies have suspended their advertising on youtube after it emerged the company had not been removing sexually explicit comments made next videos posted by children. the company says that it has since taken to remove the comments. 0ur media editor reports. youtube has reinvented the very idea of broadcasting, allowing anyone with access to the internet to create their own channel and build a following. the site now has a billion users and pulls in around £4 billion in ad revenues every year. users have to be 13 before they can upload and share videos, but millions of teenagers use the opportunity to share their inner thoughts with the world, and just to have fun. that is why and where sexual
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predators often stalk them online. these comments found by the bbc are a fraction of the total material on youtube but they do show how digital platforms have emboldened some would—be offenders. technology, social media, it's a new frontier. what it does bring is anonymity. so what maybe you wouldn't do, or you might not be bold enough -- i will —— i will want them to take immediate action. several leading brands have now said they will suspend their advertising on the platform until it is further cleaned up. brands such as mars, adidas and lidl. in a statement, youtube's owners, google, said: a power broker in britain's advertising industry
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applauded the tech giant's efforts to address the issue but said they should do more. i think we have to be incredibly diligent. whether they would call themselves a platform or a publisher, they are responsible to advertisers i think to make sure that the environments that they take advertising in and make money from are free of these dangers. some campaigners, and indeed politicians, say that youtube should be regulated just like any other broadcaster. but the very principle of the open web is that users and not companies should shape our public domain. and the sheer volume of content on youtube, 400 hours of video uploaded every single minute, means that ultimately this is an issue that would be managed not by human beings, but by machines. digital giants like google are adamant that social problems in the internet age have technological rather than regulatory solutions. but the prevalence of sexual predators online is an issue that will never be fully eradicated, because the anarchic freedom of the internet will always afford them a home somewhere in cyberspace.
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to fight them is to enter a war without end. us actress uma thurman has sent out a thanksgiving message venting anger at movie mogul harvey weinstein. thurman said on instagram: "when i'm ready, i'll say what i have to say... stay tuned", adding that she had a few reasons to be angry. weinstein denies all allegations of non—consensual sex. confronting an avatar on a computer screen helped patients hearing voices to cope better with hallucinations, a uk trial has found. patients who received this therapy became less distressed and heard voices less often compared with those who had counselling instead. 0ur health correspondent james gallagher has more. threatening voices fill the heads of schizophrenic patients. a quarter of
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them can't even escape them with medication. stupid... the new experimental therapy is bringing patients face—to—face with air imaginary tormentors. you're pathetic. you are rubbish. you're a waste of space. this avatar is being controlled by psychiatrist at a hospital. you wouldn't say yes and you wouldn't say no either. and the look of their hallucinations. patients then spend six sessions learning how to stand up to their avatar. tell him you don't want to hear this rubbish any more when he comes in with his usual statements. you are a waste of space. go away. go away. the professor developed the therapy and has done trials on 150 people. he says it would produce the rapid and lasting improvements, with patients having fewer frightening hallucinations. i think it is the business
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of bringing it from a voice that is detached and you haven't got control over, into this experience that you can control, so you get power and it loses power. experts said the trial, published in the lancet psychiatry, is impressive, but the patients will still need to take medication. this treatment is specifically designed for those with treatment—resistant auditory—verbal hallucinations, or voices, so you wouldn't be looking to provide it routinely, i guess unless patients particularly wanted this kind of approach. the other rider to consider is that it is quite a high—tech approach which, thus far, is only available in a couple of centres in the uk. making an avatar of your imaginary voices is still an experimental therapy. further trials are now needed to see if it could become a powerful new way of treating schizophrenia. a link to that trial is on our website. tanks were watching. ——
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thanks. hello there. it's going to be called this weekend, but many places will stay dry with plenty of sunshine, so if you wrap up it would be that bad. plenty of showers in the north and west. certainly overnight plenty of showers in the north—west of the uk, with wintriness mixed in and some cumulative snow over the hills, which will lead to a problem in many northern and western areas to start saturday. a cold and frosty start. wind will be a feature on saturday. that will make it feel colder vanities and there will be plenty of showers to start saturday morning. even longer spells of rain in the north and north—east of scotland. gale force winds as well. wintry showers into northern ireland and down on the north—west england. snow again on the hills. running into the cheshire gap in the midlands already at 9am on saturday morning. plenty
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of sunshine in the east and south—east, but still a few showers in the west wales, cornwall and devon, so you get the picture. it will be a cold start. some areas seeing lots of sunshine. central, southern and eastern parts will stay dry all day. lots of sunshine where showers continue in the north and western areas. quite blustery as well, with the strong winds. values of 3— seven celsius. add on the wind and it will feel even colder than that. at least another sunshine to compensate further south and east. that's the low pressure bringing the gale force winds to the far north—east of the uk. that slowly moves away into this area of high pressure from the west. then the weather system moves in during sunday night. it looks like without influence of high pressure the showers will ease down somewhat. fewer showers in western areas on sunday. a few over high ground, emphasis on dry and bright weather
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in northern, central and eastern areas before things turn cloudy across the west. there is the arrival of the weather system. another cold day on sunday. this weather system is moving across the uk on sunday night and by monday morning it will be across southern and eastern part of the uk. a brief surge of milder weather with the rain as it runs across southern areas. hide it, sunshine and showers follow on, again turning colder —— behind it. double—figure values for a time on monday morning. the orange colours move away and then a surge of arctic air return returns across the uk pretty much throughout the rest of the week. this is bbc news, the headlines: egypt says it has carried out air strikes against militants they believe were behind an attack on a mosque which killed more than 230 people. they say they hit vehicles used by the suspected gunmen. emmerson manangagwa has been sworn in as zimbabwe's new president. he vowed to serve all of the country's citizens. he also paid tribute
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to his ousted predecessor, robert mugabe. argentina's president has ordered an investigation into what happened to a submarine that disappeared more than a week ago. relatives of the 44 crew members say they've lost any hope of seeing them alive. and a bbc investigation has revealed that part of youtube's system for reporting sexualised comments on children's videos has not been working for more than a year. now on bbc news it's time for witness.
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